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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245077/no-overdiagnosis-in-the-norwegian-breast-cancer-screening-program-estimated-by-combining-record-linkage-and-questionnaire-information-in-the-norwegian-women-and-cancer-study
#1
Eiliv Lund, Aurelie Nakamura, Jean-Christophe Thalabard
BACKGROUND: The Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) was implemented across the country in 2005 and has been criticised for potential 'overdiagnosis', i.e. a breast cancer diagnosis that otherwise would not have been detected or treated in a woman's lifetime. We aimed to estimate overdiagnosis in the NBCSP based on the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) study using both questionnaire information and record linkage information from NBCSP. METHOD: For 124,978 women aged 49-79 years from the NOWAC study, information on screened women could be cross-validated from the NBCSP database...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245063/background-levels-of-male-dna-in-the-vaginal-cavity
#2
Patricia P Albani, Jayshree Patel, Rachel I Fleming
In alleged sexual assault investigations, the detection of male DNA on female intimate swabs can be established through Y-STR profiling. However, in cases where the defendant lives in the same dwelling as the complainant, the defendant may argue that his DNA was transferred through normal social contact, and dispute that intimate contact occurred. This study aimed to determine whether or not male DNA could be detected in samples collected from the vaginal cavity after everyday activities. A total of 300 samples from eight individuals were subjected to DNA quantification and Y-STR amplification...
December 6, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244700/conversion-of-glenohumeral-fusion-to-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#3
C Brian Toney, Matthew J Thompson, Brandon J Barnes, N Douglas Boardman
CASE: A 41-year-old woman presented 5 years after glenohumeral arthrodesis. She experienced symptomatic relief following conversion to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty, regaining nearly full passive range of motion and >50% of normal active forward flexion, abduction, internal rotation, and external rotation. CONCLUSION: Conversion from glenohumeral arthrodesis to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in a patient with a functioning deltoid and adequate bone stock may provide symptomatic relief and improved function in the setting of symptomatic glenohumeral arthrodesis refractory to conservative measures...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244695/recurrent-hip-dislocation-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-treatment-with-sagittal-spinal-deformity-correction-a-case-report
#4
Yoon-Je Cho, Jung-Hee Lee, Sung Joon Shin, Kyung-Chung Kang
CASE: A 63-year-old woman with lumbar degenerative kyphosis who had undergone total hip arthroplasty 34 months previously presented after having multiple episodes of anterior hip dislocation; evaluation also revealed progressive osteoarthritis in the contralateral hip joint. The patient was managed with sagittal correction with pedicle subtraction osteotomy, which resulted in optimal positioning of the acetabular component and an upright posture. The patient had had no additional dislocation events in the involved hip and had reduced pain in the contralateral hip at the time of the 2-year follow-up...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244694/failure-of-patellar-plating-with-mini-fragment-implants-a-case-report
#5
Daniel T Miles, Matthew L Graves, Clay A Spitler, Patrick F Bergin
CASE: A 40-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a comminuted fracture of the patella with separation of the bone fragments. The patient underwent an open reduction and osteosynthesis using medial and lateral 2.0-mm nonlocking plates, which subsequently led to pain in the anterior and posterior aspects of the knee. CONCLUSION: In this patient, bicolumnar nonlocking plating was unable to adequately resist the tensile forces of the extensor mechanism...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244693/bilateral-simultaneous-femoral-neck-stress-fracture-despite-clinical-recovery-from-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-report
#6
Jacques Hernigou, Simon Koulischer, Renaud Maes
CASE: A 38-year-old woman who had returned to sports activity (running) after having clinically recovered from anorexia nervosa presented with a bilateral femoral neck stress fracture that was treated with bilateral hip osteosynthesis. CONCLUSION: Although exercise is usually considered to be beneficial for health, heavy exercise (such as running) after recovery from anorexia nervosa may be associated with an increased risk of fracture.
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244687/pilon-fractures-of-the-base-of-the-proximal-phalanx-direct-intraosseous-joint-reduction-with-bone-grafting-and-mini-screws-a-case-report
#7
Iva Neshkova, Rainer H Meffert
CASE: A 31-year-old woman sustained a closed pilon fracture of the base of the second proximal phalanx. Computed tomography showed comminution, central depression, and splaying of the articular surface. We used a method of direct intraosseous joint reduction in combination with bone-grafting and mini-screws to treat the fracture. For reduction, a golf-club-shaped instrument was inserted into the medullary cavity through a drill-hole in the phalanx. CONCLUSION: The advantage of this technique is that it leaves the joint capsular complex and the extensor hood intact...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244683/insufficiency-fracture-occurring-3-years-after-union-of-an-intertrochanteric-hip-fracture-a-case-report
#8
Byung-Ho Yoon, Sung Bae Park
CASE: We present a rare case of insufficiency fracture at the level of the distal interlocking screw following union of an intertrochanteric hip fracture. A 74-year-old woman reported chronic thigh pain for 1 month. She had a history of an osteoporotic stable intertrochanteric fracture that was successfully treated with a short intramedullary nail 3.5 years prior. However, after union, the neck-shaft angle of the femur changed from 125° to 117°. She had been on alendronic acid therapy to prevent a secondary osteoporotic fracture...
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244678/oncogenic-osteomalacia-secondary-to-a-metastatic-phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumor-in-the-talus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Keith T Aziz, Edward F McCarthy, Carol D Morris
CASE: We report the case of a 50-year-old woman with oncogenic osteomalacia secondary to a metastatic phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor (PMT) that presented, to our knowledge, with the first reported lesion in the talus. CONCLUSION: Oncogenic osteomalacia is a rare condition with a unique serum biochemical profile that requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis. A PMT is a rare neoplasm that can lead to oncogenic osteomalacia through secretion of fibroblast growth factor 23...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244676/severe-metal-hypersensitivity-following-internal-fixation-of-an-ankle-fracture-a-case-report
#10
Bradley M Kruckeberg, Taylor J Ridley, Lee M Reichel
CASE: A 67-year-old woman underwent internal fixation of an ankle fracture. Ten days postoperatively, the patient developed systemic hives, difficulty breathing, and oral swelling. At 8 weeks postoperatively, the hardware was removed because of a suspected metal hypersensitivity. Despite experiencing perioral edema and difficulty breathing after the hardware removal, she had complete resolution of the symptoms at the 2-week, 6-week, and 12-month follow-up appointments. CONCLUSION: Hypersensitivities to metal-based implants can develop and cause local and systemic reactions...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244673/using-double-contrast-ct-arthrography-to-confirm-suspected-dissociation-of-a-cemented-polyethylene-liner-in-the-setting-of-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#11
Aakash Chauhan, Sean Fitzpatrick, Robert L Sciulli, Nicholas G Sotereanos, Jeffrey J Sewecke
CASE: A 67-year-old woman who underwent a re-revision of a total hip arthroplasty with a cemented polyethylene liner fell 14 months after surgery. The patient had symptoms of pain and weakness; however, clinical, laboratory, and radiographic evaluation did not disclose fracture, infection, osteolysis, or component migration. Liner dissociation was suspected, and a double-contrast computed tomography (CT) arthrogram confirmed failure at the cement-liner interface. She underwent additional revision surgery and was doing well at the 3-year follow-up...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244668/diaphyseal-tibial-soft-tissue-mass-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#12
Karim Sabeh, Aaron Carter, Andrew E Rosenberg, Raymond Robinson
CASE: A 64-year-old woman had undergone bilateral total knee arthroplasty in 1998. In 2010, she presented with a large, painless, diaphyseal soft-tissue mass of the lower leg. She indicated that she had no history of knee pain, trauma, or infection. Ultimately, the mass was found to be a synovial fluid-filled cyst that communicated with the knee joint, which was a result of severe osteolysis. CONCLUSION: Large diaphyseal tibial masses in the presence of total knee arthroplasty should raise a high index of suspicion not only for tumors and infections, but also for severe osteolysis...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244657/an-unusual-case-of-an-intra-articular-osseous-fragment-associated-with-a-medial-collateral-ligament-femoral-avulsion-fracture-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#13
Meagan M McCarthy, Dana C Covey
CASE: The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the most commonly injured ligament of the knee; however, to our knowledge, avulsion fractures of the MCL resulting in an intra-articular fragment have not been reported. We present the case of a 55-year-old woman with a posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture and an MCL avulsion fracture with an intra-articular bony fragment. CONCLUSION: Patients who sustain trauma to the knee should be carefully evaluated for ligamentous avulsion injuries...
December 13, 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243768/rapidly-growing-nodule-on-the-finger-of-a-20-year-old-woman-a-quiz
#14
Alexander Zink, Alicia Pichlmeier, Tatjana Fischer, Tilo Biedermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242957/transvaginal-levator-myorrhaphy-for-posthysterectomy-vaginal-vault-prolapse-repair
#15
Rodolfo Milani, Stefano Manodoro, Alice Cola, Stefania Palmieri, Matteo Frigerio
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse repair represents a surgical challenge. Surgical management can be successfully achieved with native-tissue repair through levator myorrhaphy. Despite low morbidity, levator myorrhaphy is not a common procedure. The aim of the video is to provide anatomic views and surgical steps necessary to achieve a successful transvaginal levator myorrhaphy for vaginal vault prolapse repair. METHODS: A 72-year-old woman with symptomatic stage IV vaginal vault prolapse was admitted for transvaginal levator myorrhaphy according to the described technique...
December 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242840/the-mid-childhood-and-adolescent-antecedents-of-women-s-external-locus-of-control-orientation
#16
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Background: External locus of control orientation (ELOC) is a powerful predictor of adverse consequences in regard to health, educational attainment, inter-personal relationships and well-being. Although many cross-sectional studies have been carried out, relatively little is known about antecedent factors influencing the development of ELOC. Methods: Over 12,000 pregnant women who enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) in south-west England, had completed a brief version of the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External LOC scale, together with detailed questions concerning their own parents and childhood...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242801/spindle-cell-hemangioma-of-the-midfoot-a-case-report
#17
Tanawat Vaseenon, Jirawat Saengsin, Nuttaya Pattamapaspong, Jongkolnee Settakorn, Dumnoensun Pruksakorn
Introduction: Spindle cell hemangioma (SCH) of the bone (midfoot) is a rare disease, but it can cause symptomatic pain and invade surrounding tissues lead to limb deformities and functional loss. Case Report: We report the case of a 35-year-old woman who experienced a firm mass over the left midfoot for 5 years causing pain and numbness in the foot. Radiographs showed a geographic osteolytic lesion involving calcification of the base of the 2nd and 3rd metatarsals, cuneiforms bones and surrounding soft tissue...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242755/the-effects-of-men-s-hostility-toward-women-acute-alcohol-intoxication-and-women-s-condom-request-style-on-men-s-condom-use-resistance-tactics
#18
Rhiana Wegner, Kelly Cue Davis, Cynthia A Stappenbeck, Kelly F Kajumulo, Jeanette Norris, William H George
Objective: To extend previous research demonstrating that intoxicated men high in hostility toward women report stronger intentions to use coercive condom use resistance (CUR) tactics to have unprotected sex by examining the role of women's condom request style. Methods: Community, non-problem drinking men, ages 21-30 (N = 296) completed standard alcohol administration procedures and read an eroticized story of a casual sexual interaction. Following the woman's request to use a condom, intentions to engage in coercive CUR tactics were assessed...
October 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242747/usefulness-of-preoperative-echography-for-detection-of-lymphatic-vessels-for-lymphaticovenous-anastomosis
#19
Hisako Hara, Makoto Mihara
Case 1: A 63-year-old woman with secondary lower limb lymphedema. As it was difficult to detect the lymphatic vessels in the right thigh in indocyanine green lymphography because of thick fat, we tried echography and observed circular structures beneath the superficial fascia. Intraoperatively, we found a dilated lymphatic vessel just as observed on echography. Case 2: A 45-year-old woman with primary lower limb lymphedema. As she was allergic to iodinated contrast medium, we could not use indocyanine green lymphography preoperatively...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242737/radiation-induced-giant-cell-granuloma-mimicking-relapsed-hodgkin-lymphoma-at-fdg-pet-ct
#20
Hugo J A Adams, John M H de Klerk, Josien C Regelink, Ben G F Heggelman, Stefan V Dubois, Thomas C Kwee
A 22-year-old woman was diagnosed with intermediate risk stage II Hodgkin lymphoma and treated with three cycles of adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) followed by involved-field radiation therapy. A complete metabolic remission was achieved after two cycles of ABVD, which was maintained until three years after completion of treatment. Follow-up FDG-PET/CT four years after completion of treatment, however, showed a new FDG-avid (Deauville score of 4) lesion in the right scapula, suggesting relapsed disease...
December 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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