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Ignacio Sepúlveda-Cisternas, Luis Lozano Aguirre, Andrés Fuentes Flores, Ignacio Vásquez Solis de Ovando, Víctor Antonio García-Angulo
Vibrio cholerae, a pandemic diarrheagenic bacterium, is able to synthesize the essential vitamin riboflavin through the riboflavin biosynthetic pathway (RBP) and also to internalize it through the RibN importer. In bacteria, the way riboflavin biosynthesis and uptake functions correlate is unclear. To gain insights into the role of the riboflavin provision pathways in the physiology of V. cholerae, we analyzed the transcriptomics response to extracellular riboflavin and to deletions of ribD (RBP-deficient strain) or ribN...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Giuseppe Lombardo, Valentina Villari, Norberto Liborio Micali, Nancy Leone, Cristina Labate, Maria Penelope De Santo, Marco Lombardo
Keratoconus is the primary cause of corneal transplantation in young adults worldwide. Riboflavin/UV-A corneal cross-linking may effectively halt the progression of keratoconus if an adequate amount of riboflavin enriches the corneal stroma and is photo-oxidated by UV-A light for generating additional cross-linking bonds between stromal proteins and strengthening the biomechanics of the weakened cornea. Here we reported a UV-A theranostic prototype device for performing corneal cross-linking with the ability to assess corneal intrastromal concentration of riboflavin and to estimate treatment efficacy in real time...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Tobias Morack, Jan B Metternich, Ryan Gilmour
An operationally simple protocol is disclosed to facilitate entry to benzo-3,4-coumarins directly from biaryl carboxylic acids without the need for substrate prefunctionalization. Complementary to classic lactonization strategies, this disconnection relies on the oxidation competence of photoactivated (-)-riboflavin (vitamin B 2 ) to generate the heterocyclic core via photoinduced single electron transfer. Collectively, the inexpensive nature of the catalyst, ease of execution, and absence of external metal additives are a convincing endorsement for the incorporation of simple vitamins in contemporary catalysis...
February 15, 2018: Organic Letters
Mylène Da Silva, Clara Dombre, Aurélien Brionne, Philippe Monget, Magali Chessé, Marion De Pauw, Maryse Mills, Lucie Combes-Soia, Valérie Labas, Nicolas Guyot, Yves Nys, Sophie Rehault-Godbert
In many amniotes, the amniotic fluid is depicted as a dynamic milieu that participates in the protection of the embryo (cushioning, hydration, and immunity). However, in birds, the protein profile of the amniotic fluid remains unexplored, even though its proteomic signature is predicted to differ compared to human's. In fact, unlike humans, chicken amniotic fluid does not collect excretory products and its protein composition strikingly changes at mid-development due to the massive inflow of egg white proteins, which are thereafter swallowed by the embryo to support its growth...
February 14, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Frans Eberth Costa Andrade, Joyce Luciana Covre, Lisandra Ramos, Rossen Mihaylov Hazarbassanov, Myrna Serapião Dos Santos, Mauro Campos, José Álvaro Pereira Gomes, Cristiane Damas Gil
AIMS: To evaluate the expression of β-galactoside-binding proteins galectin (Gal)-1 and Gal-3 in patients with keratoconus (KC) and postcorneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) treatment in vitro. METHODS: Tear fluid, cornea samples and conjunctival impression cytology specimens from control and KC patients were used to evaluate Gal-1 and Gal-3 expressions. Primary keratocytes were isolated by collagenase digestion from surgically removed corneas of five normal or KC human corneal buttons and cultured in Dulbecco's modified eagle medium/Ham's F12 medium supplemented with 2% fetal bovine serum...
February 8, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Simon J S Duesel, Burkhard König
The photocatalytic nitration of protected anilines proceeds with riboflavin tetraacetate as organic photoredox catalyst. Sodium nitrite serves as NO2-source in the visible-light driven room temperature reaction. Various nitroanilines are obtained in moderate to good yields without the addition of acid or stoichiometric oxidation agents. The catalytic cycle is closed by aerial oxygen as the terminal oxidant.
February 13, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Anna Tycova, Renata F Gerhardt, Detlev Belder
Coupling microchip capillary electrophoresis to surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (MCE-SERS) combines the high separation power of capillary electrophoresis with the capability to obtain vibrational fingerprint spectra for compound identification. Raman spectroscopy is a structurally descriptive and label-free detection method which is particularly suited for chemical analysis because it is non-destructive and allows the identification of analytes. However, it suffers from poor sensitivity and sometimes even requires acquisition times far longer than the typical peak width of electrophoretic separations...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Lin Long, Xiao-Xiao Pang, Fei Lei, Jia-Sheng Zhang, Wei Wang, Lian-Di Liao, Xiu-E Xu, Jian-Zhong He, Jian-Yi Wu, Zhi-Yong Wu, Li-Dong Wang, De-Chen Lin, En-Min Li, Li-Yan Xu
The human riboflavin transporter-3 (encoded by SLC52A3) plays a prominent role in riboflavin absorption. Interestingly, abnormal expression patterns of SLC52A3 in multiple types of human cancers have been recently noted. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying its dysregulation remain unclear. In this study, we find that SLC52A3 has two transcript variants that differ in the transcriptional start site, and encode different proteins: SLC52A3a and SLC52A3b. Importantly, aberrant expressions of SLC52A3 are associated with stepwise development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) as well as the survival rates of ESCC patients...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Marie Švecová, Pavel Ulbrich, Marcela Dendisová, Pavel Matějka
Spectroscopy of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is nowadays widely used in the field of bio-science and medicine. These applications require new enhancing substrates with special properties. They should be non-toxic, environmentally friendly and (bio-) compatible with examined samples. Flavonoids are natural antioxidants with many positive effects on human health. Simultaneously, they can be used as reducing agent in preparation procedure of plasmonic enhancing substrate for SERS spectroscopy. The best amplifiers of Raman vibrational spectroscopic signal are generally silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)...
February 2, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
K L Westmacott, A Crew, O Doran, J P Hart
This paper describes the development of a novel electrochemical assay for the measurement of water-soluble vitamins in food and pharmaceutical products. The optimum conditions for the determination of vitamin B 1 (thiamine), B 2 (riboflavin) and B 6 (pyridoxine) in phosphate buffer were established using cyclic voltammetry in conjunction with screen printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs). The optimum current response for all three vitamins was achieved in 0.1M phosphate buffer pH 11 using an initial potential of -1...
May 1, 2018: Talanta
Daizhen Zhang, Jun Liu, Tingting Qi, Baoming Ge, Zhengfei Wang, Senhao Jiang, Qiuning Liu, Huabin Zhang, Ding Ge, Boping Tang
Cr (VI), the pathogenicity factor, which is widely known to cause toxic effects in living organisms. Given the economic importance of the mantis shrimp (Oratosquilla oratoria), the understanding of impacts by Cr (VI) is considered important. In this study, transcriptome of mantis shrimp was characterized by a comparison between control and Cr (VI)-treated samples using RNA-seq approach. Totally, 88,234,826 bp and 13.24G clean reads were obtained. The total length and number of unigenes were 68,411,206 bp and 100,918, respectively...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Yoonji Kim, Myung-Chul Kim, Hang-Sik Park, Il-Hoon Cho, Jean Kyung Paik
Stroke patients often experience a walking dysfunction caused by decreased mobility, weakened muscular strength, abnormal posture control, and cognitive dysfunction. Anxiety/depression is the most important and prevalent neuropsychiatric complication of stroke survivors. Brain injury and the presence of malnutrition after stroke contribute to metabolic status and clinical outcome of patients. We examined the level of nutrition intake in stroke patients according to their degree of anxiety/depression. The data were obtained from 2013 to 2015 through the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
Mingshen Sun, Fengju Zhang, Bowen Ouyang, Mengmeng Wang, Yu Li, Xuan Jiao, Li Zhang, Ningli Wang
To evaluate ocular fundus biological changes after scleral collagen cross-linking (CXL) with riboflavin/ ultraviolet A (UVA) on rhesus monkeys in vivo by analyzing retina and choroid biological parameters. Six 3-year-old male rhesus monkeys (12 eyes) were observed in this study, with scleral CXL procedures applied on superior temporal equatorial sclera on random eyes of all rhesus. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) examination were performed before and 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after CXL...
2018: PloS One
Ciara Duffy, E Dolores O' Riordan, Michael O' Sullivan, Jean-Christophe Jacquier
BACKGROUND: Effective micronutrient supplementation strategies are critical to ensure optimal health and productivity in livestock. The objective of this study was to develop a copper and vitamin (multimicronutrient) delivery system based on chitosan gel beads, and test its suitability, in vitro, for use as a cattle feed additive. RESULTS: Chitosan was chelated with copper sulphate to produce millimetre-scale gel matrices (~2mm). The copper content was significantly increased (from 61 to 95mg...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Shakeel Shahzad, M Adnan Ashraf, M Sajid, Aqeel Shahzad, Azhar Rafique, M Shahid Mahmood
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Multiple drug resistant super bugs of Acinetobacter baumannii and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are becoming challenge for healthcare professionals. In this study, vitamins were evaluated for synergistic activity with the antibiotics. METHODS: Synergistic effect between antibiotic and stock solutions of vitamins is evaluated by using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion assay. Distilled water and propylene glycol were used as solvent for water soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins respectively...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Tai M Smith, Shuko Suzuki, Brendan G Cronin, Mohammadreza Haghighatpanah, Eugen B Petcu, Christopher J Philippa, Traian V Chirila
PURPOSE: An experimental study to demonstrate in animal eyelids that the controlled exposure of excised tarsal plate to ultraviolet-A radiation can induce a rigidification effect due to photochemical crosslinking of the constitutive collagen. METHODS: Excised strips of sheep tarsus were irradiated with ultraviolet-A rays (wavelength 365 nm) at low and high irradiances, in the presence of riboflavin as a photosensitizer, using radiation sources available for corneal collagen crosslinking procedure...
February 5, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jan Metternich, Sven Sagebiel, Anne Lückener, Sebastian Lamping, Bart Jan Ravoo, Ryan Gilmour
The covalent immobilization of the biomimetic, photo-organocatalyst (-)-riboflavin on silica micro- and nanoparticles via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) is disclosed. Given the effectiveness of (-)-riboflavin as a versatile, environmentally benign photocatalyst, an immobilization strategy based on acrylate-linker modification of the catalyst core and controlled polymerization on initiator pre-functionalized silica particles has been developed. Validation of this approach is demonstrated in the E→Z isomerization of a benchmark cinnamonitrile (Z:E up to 88:12) with 0...
February 6, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Elissa K Butler, Jeffrey McCullough
BACKGROUND: Blood safety and transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) are a major concern in low-resource areas. Laboratory screening of donors, a key contributor to blood safety, is usually done by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods, which use expensive reagents and necessitate complex instruments and sophisticated laboratory staff. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are less expensive and easier to perform but have less sensitivity. Pathogen reduction technology (PRT) reduces transfusion transmission of malaria and may be effective in decreasing other TTIs...
February 5, 2018: Transfusion
Kelin Li, Charles K Vorkas, Ashutosh Chaudhry, Donielle L Bell, Richard A Willis, Alexander Rudensky, John D Altman, Michael S Glickman, Jeffrey Aubé
Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are an abundant class of innate T cells restricted by the MHC I-related molecule MR1. MAIT cells can recognize bacterially-derived metabolic intermediates from the riboflavin pathway presented by MR1 and are postulated to play a role in innate antibacterial immunity through production of cytokines and direct bacterial killing. MR1 tetramers, typically stabilized by the adduct of 5-amino-6-D-ribitylaminouracil (5-A-RU) and methylglyoxal (MeG), are important tools for the study of MAIT cells...
2018: PloS One
Zi-Yu Zhou, Xing-Xiu Bi
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a common and widespread infection that poses a serious threat among carriers for the development of life-threatening liver diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the riboflavin photochemical method in inactivating duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) in plasma via an animal model. Forty ducks were selected and randomly divided into the experimental (n=10), the virus control (n=10), the visible light control (n=10) and the plasma control group (n=10). Ducks in the experimental group were injected with plasma inactivated by the riboflavin photochemical method; in the virus control group were injected with plasma without inactivation treatment; in the visible light control group were injected with plasma irradiated by visible light; and in the plasma control group were injected with normal plasma...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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