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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648061/development-of-a-comprehensive-flavonoid-analysis-computational-tool-for-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-diode-array-detection-high-resolution-accurate-mass-mass-spectrometry-data
#1
Mengliang Zhang, Jianghao Sun, Pei Chen
Liquid Chromatography and mass spectrometry methods, especially ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection and high resolution accurate-mass multi-stage mass spectrometry (UHPLC-DAD-HRAM/MSn), have become the tool-of-the-trade for profiling flavonoids in foods. However, manually processing acquired UHPLC-DAD-HRAM/MSn data for flavonoid analysis is very challenging and highly expertise-dependent due to the complexities of the chemical structures of the flavonoids and the food matrices...
June 25, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647368/identification-and-characterization-of-the-leaf-specific-networks-of-inner-and-rosette-leaves-in-brassica-rapa
#2
Man-Sun Kim, Seongmin Hong, Devaraj Sangeeth Prasath, Subin Im, Jeong-Rae Kim, Yong Pyo Lim
Inner and rosette leaves of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa) have different characteristics in terms of nutritional value, appearance, taste, color and texture. Many researchers have utilized differentially expressed genes for exploring the difference between inner and rosette leaves of Brassica rapa. The functional characteristics of a gene, however, is determined by complex interactions between genes. Hence, a noble network approach is required for elucidating such functional difference that is not captured by gene expression profiles alone...
June 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632116/reyranella-terrae-sp-nov-isolated-from-an-agricultural-soil-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-reyranella
#3
Hyosun Lee, Dong-Uk Kim, Suyeon Lee, Sooyeon Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon, Chi Nam Seong, Jong-Ok Ka
A novel strain designated 11G32T was isolated from an agricultural soil cultivated with Chinese cabbage in Korea. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and rod-shaped. The strain grew at 15-28 °C (optimum, 20 °C), pH 5.0-7.0 (optimum, pH 5.0-6.0) and without NaCl. Phylogenetically, the strain was found to be closely related to members of the genus Reyranella and showed 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 97.18, 96.76 and 95.99 % with Reyranella graminifolii Wo-34T, Reyranella massiliensis 521T and Reyranella soli KIS14-15T, respectively...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623821/green-biosynthesis-of-magnetic-iron-oxide-fe3o4-nanoparticles-using-the-aqueous-extracts-of-food-processing-wastes-under-photo-catalyzed-condition-and-investigation-of-their-antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-activity
#4
Jayanta Kumar Patra, Kwang-Hyun Baek
In this study, a simple, rapid, and eco-friendly green method was introduced to synthesize magnetite iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) using the aqueous extracts of two food processing wastes, namely silky hairs of corn (Zea mays L.) and outer leaves of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. subsp. pekinensis). The boiled solutions of silky hairs (MH) and outer leaves of Chinese cabbage (CCP) were used to synthesize Fe3O4 NPs under photo exposed condition. The MH-FeNPs and CCP-FeNPs synthesized via green route were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermogravimetric (TG/DTG) analysis, and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) analysis...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623022/heterogeneity-of-zeolite-combined-with-biochar-properties-as-a-function-of-sewage-sludge-composting-and-production-of-nutrient-rich-compost
#5
Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Meijing Wang, Ashok Pandey, Hongyu Chen, Sanjeev Kumar Awasthi, Quan Wang, Xiuna Ren, Altaf Hussain Lahori, Dong-Sheng Li, Ronghua Li, Zengqiang Zhang
In the present study, biochar combined with a higher dosage of zeolite (Z) and biochar (B) alone were applied as additives for dewatered fresh sewage sludge (DFSS) composting using 130-L working volume lab-scale reactors. We first observed that the addition of a mixture of B and Z to DFSS equivalent to 12%B+10% (Z-1), 15% (Z-2) and 30% (Z-3) zeolite (dry weight basis) worked synergistically as an amendment and increased the composting efficiency compared with a treatment of 12%B alone amended and a control without any amendment...
June 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621722/comparative-analysis-of-genome-wide-dna-methylation-profiles-for-the-genic-male-sterile-cabbage-line-01-20s-and-its-maintainer-line
#6
Fengqing Han, Xiaoli Zhang, Xing Liu, Henan Su, Congcong Kong, Zhiyuan Fang, Limei Yang, Mu Zhuang, Yangyong Zhang, Yumei Liu, Zhansheng Li, Honghao Lv
Methylation modifications play an important role in multiple biological processes. Several studies have reported altered methylation patterns in male sterile plants such as rice and wheat, but little is known about the global methylation profiles and their possible roles in the cabbage (Brassicaoleracea) male sterile line. In this study, single-base-resolution bisulfite sequencing (BS-Seq) was adopted to identify the pattern and degree of cytosine methylation in the male sterile line 01-20S and its near-isogenic fertile line 01-20F...
June 16, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620771/oviposition-preference-for-young-plants-by-the-large-cabbage-butterfly-pieris-brassicae-does-not-strongly-correlate-with-caterpillar-performance
#7
Minghui Fei, Jeffrey A Harvey, Yi Yin, Rieta Gols
The effects of temporal variation in the quality of short-lived annual plants on oviposition preference and larval performance of insect herbivores has thus far received little attention. This study examines the effects of plant age on female oviposition preference and offspring performance in the large cabbage white butterfly Pieris brassicae. Adult female butterflies lay variable clusters of eggs on the underside of short-lived annual species in the family Brassicaceae, including the short-lived annuals Brassica nigra and Sinapis arvensis, which are important food plants for P...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607081/bioengineered-silkworms-with-butterfly-cytotoxin-modified-silk-glands-produce-sericin-cocoons-with-a-utility-for-a-new-biomaterial
#8
Ryosuke Otsuki, Masafumi Yamamoto, Erika Matsumoto, Shin-Ichi Iwamoto, Hideki Sezutsu, Masumi Suzui, Keiko Takaki, Keiji Wakabayashi, Hajime Mori, Eiji Kotani
Genetically manipulated organisms with dysfunction of specific tissues are crucial for the study of various biological applications and mechanisms. However, the bioengineering of model organisms with tissue-specific dysfunction has not progressed because the challenges of expression of proteins, such as cytotoxins, in living cells of individual organisms need to be overcome first. Here, we report the establishment of a transgenic silkworm (Bombyx mori) with posterior silk glands (PSGs) that was designed to express the cabbage butterfly (Pieris rapae) cytotoxin pierisin-1A (P1A)...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602792/comparative-studies-of-al-3-ions-and-al2o3-nanoparticles-on-growth-and-metabolism-of-cabbage-seedlings
#9
Nimisha Amist, N B Singh, Kavita Yadav, S C Singh, J K Pandey
In the present study, we compared the effects of Al(3+) ions and alumina (Al2O3) nanoparticles (NPs) on growth and biochemical parameters of cabbage seedlings. The seedlings were treated with A=698.8μM Al(3+)ions and A1=101.8μM, A2=253.8μM, A3=507.7μM, A4=1.02mM, A5=2.17mM NPs of Al2O3 in 700mL Hoagland solution. The untreated seedlings were taken as control. It was observed that aluminium ions were phytotoxic and adversely affected seedling growth and biochemical parameters of the test crop with stunting of the stem growth, while lower doses of alumina NPs enhanced seedling growth, pigments, sugar and protein contents of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602662/biomethanation-macrodynamics-of-vegetable-residues-pretreated-by-low-frequency-microwave-irradiation
#10
Sanmooga Savoo, Ackmez Mudhoo
The effects of microwave irradiation on the digestibility and biogas production of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) and cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) leaves were investigated using biochemical methane potential (BMP) assays. Cow dung was utilised as inoculum. Different microwave powers (87.5, 175 and 350W) were applied in a first set of runs for 15min. The second set consisted of 20, 25 and 30min irradiation at 350W. Based on ANOVA analysis (α=0.05), biogas production was significantly higher for the irradiated substrates compared to controls...
June 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600024/efficacy-of-cilostazol-for-below-the-knee-artery-disease-after-balloon-angioplasty-in-patients-with-severe-limb-ischemia-cabbage-trial
#11
Yoshimitsu Soga, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Osamu Iida, Yasutaka Yamauchi, Keisuke Hirano, Masashi Fukunaga, Kan Zen, Kenji Suzuki, Yoshiaki Shintani, Yusuke Miyashita, Taketsugu Tsuchiya, Terutoshi Yamaoka, Kenji Ando
BACKGROUND: Optimal medical therapy after endovascular therapy in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated whether cilostazol reduce restenosis after balloon angioplasty for infrapopliteal lesions in CLI patietns. METHODS: This study was performed as a multicenter prospective randomized open-label blinded-endpoint study with independent angiographic core lab adjudication. Sixty patients were eligible and 53 patients were enrolled and allocated...
June 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596013/two-likely-targets-for-the-anti-cancer-effect-of-indole-derivatives-from-cruciferous-vegetables-pi3k-akt-mtor-signalling-pathway-and-the-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor
#12
REVIEW
Ada Popolo, Aldo Pinto, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Ammad Ahmad Farooqi, Luca Rastrelli
Diets containing high quantities of plant foods are linked with a decreased likelihood of incidence of cancer. Several common plant-based dietary components exert effects on DNA methylation levels, and can positively influence genome stability and the transcription of tumor suppressors and oncogenes. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) is a substance present in vegetables of the Brassicaeae family, especially broccoli, white cabbage, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower. The in vivo biological effects of I3C are ascribed to a series of oligomeric products (including 3,3'-diindolylmethane), developed under acidic conditions...
June 5, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594365/brwrky65-a-wrky-transcription-factor-is-involved-in-regulating-three-leaf-senescence-associated-genes-in-chinese-flowering-cabbage
#13
Zhong-Qi Fan, Xiao-Li Tan, Wei Shan, Jian-Fei Kuang, Wang-Jin Lu, Jian-Ye Chen
Plant-specific WRKY transcription factors (TFs) have been implicated to function as regulators of leaf senescence, but their association with postharvest leaf senescence of economically important leafy vegetables, is poorly understood. In this work, the characterization of a Group IIe WRKY TF, BrWRKY65, from Chinese flowering cabbage (Brassica rapa var. parachinensis) is reported. The expression of BrWRKY65 was up-regulated following leaf chlorophyll degradation and yellowing during postharvest senescence. Subcellular localization and transcriptional activation assays showed that BrWRKY65 was localized in the nucleus and exhibited trans-activation ability...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587228/fine-mapping-and-transcriptome-analysis-reveal-candidate-genes-associated-with-hybrid-lethality-in-cabbage-brassica-oleracea
#14
Zhiliang Xiao, Yang Hu, Xiaoli Zhang, Yuqian Xue, Zhiyuan Fang, Limei Yang, Yangyong Zhang, Yumei Liu, Zhansheng Li, Xing Liu, Zezhou Liu, Honghao Lv, Mu Zhuang
Hybrid lethality is a deleterious phenotype that is vital to species evolution. We previously reported hybrid lethality in cabbage (Brassica oleracea) and performed preliminary mapping of related genes. In the present study, the fine mapping of hybrid lethal genes revealed that BoHL1 was located on chromosome C1 between BoHLTO124 and BoHLTO130, with an interval of 101 kb. BoHL2 was confirmed to be between insertion-deletion (InDels) markers HL234 and HL235 on C4, with a marker interval of 70 kb. Twenty-eight and nine annotated genes were found within the two intervals of BoHL1 and BoHL2, respectively...
June 5, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586165/3-3-diindolylmethane-suppresses-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-through-inhibiting-adipogenesis-of-pre-adipocytes-by-targeting-usp2-activity
#15
Hee Yang, Sang Gwon Seo, Seung Ho Shin, Soyun Min, Min Jeong Kang, Ra Yoo, Jeong Yeon Kwon, Shuhua Yue, Kee Hong Kim, Ji-Xin Cheng, Jong Rhan Kim, Jun Suk Park, Jong Hun Kim, Jung Han Yoon Park, Hyong Joo Lee, Ki Won Lee
SCOPE: Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a derivative abundant in cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, is well known for its various health benefits such as chemo-preventive and anti-obesity effects. I3C is easily metabolized to 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM), a more stable form, in acidic conditions of the stomach. However, the anti-obesity effect of DIM has not been investigated clearly. We sought to investigate the effect of DIM on diet-induced obesity and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms...
June 6, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582747/application-of-drum-compost-and-vermicompost-to-improve-soil-health-growth-and-yield-parameters-for-tomato-and-cabbage-plants
#16
Linee Goswami, Anil Nath, Sweety Sutradhar, Satya Sundar Bhattacharya, Ajay Kalamdhad, Kowsalya Vellingiri, Ki-Hyun Kim
Utilization of different types of solid wastes through composting is important for environmental sustainability and restoring soil quality. Although drum composting is an efficient technology, the possibility of heavy metal contamination restricts its large-scale use. In this research, a field experiment was conducted to evaluate the impact of water hyacinth drum compost (DC) and traditional vermicompost (VC) on soil quality and crop growth in an agro-ecosystem cultivated intensively with tomato and cabbage as test crops...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580756/high-tunnels-protection-for-rather-than-from-insect-pests
#17
Laura L Ingwell, Sarah L Thompson, Ian Kaplan, Ricky E Foster
BACKGROUND: High tunnels are a season extension tool creating a hybrid of field and greenhouse growing conditions. High tunnels have recently increased in the U.S. and thus research on their management is lacking. One purported advantage of these structures is protection from common field pests, but evidence to support this claim is lacking. We compared insect pest populations in high tunnels with field production over two years on three crops: tomato, broccoli and cucumber. RESULTS: Greenhouse pests (e...
June 5, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577084/integrated-analysis-of-leaf-morphological-and-color-traits-in-different-populations-of-chinese-cabbage-brassica-rapa-ssp-pekinensis
#18
Su Ryun Choi, Xiaona Yu, Vignesh Dhandapani, Xiaonan Li, Zhi Wang, Seo Yeon Lee, Sang Heon Oh, Wenxing Pang, Nirala Ramchiary, Chang Pyo Hong, Suhyoung Park, Zhongyun Piao, HyeRan Kim, Yong Pyo Lim
QTLs and candidate gene markers associated with leaf morphological and color traits were identified in two immortalized populations of Brassica rapa, which will provide genetic information for marker-assisted breeding. Brassica rapa is an important leafy vegetable consumed worldwide and morphology is a key character for its breeding. To enhance genetic control, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for leaf color and plant architecture were identified using two immortalized populations with replications of 2 and 4 years...
June 2, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574603/persistence-of-chlorfluazuron-in-cabbage-under-different-agro-climatic-conditions-of-india-and-its-risk-assessment
#19
Pritam Ganguly, Suhrid Ranjan Barik, Sandip Patra, Sankhajit Roy, Anjan Bhattacharyya
A multi-locational field trial was conducted at four locations of India-viz., Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal, to determine the persistence of chlorfluazuron in cabbage applied twice at 75 g. a.i. ha(-1) and 150 g. a.i. ha(-1) . Cabbage head samples were collected from each replicated plot on 0 (2 h after spraying), 1, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 15 d after final insecticide application, including untreated control. Chlorfluazuron residue in cabbage and field soil was estimated by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) using Photo Diode Array (PDA) detector...
June 2, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567597/presence-of-pesticide-residues-on-produce-cultivated-in-suriname
#20
F Abdoel Wahid, J Wickliffe, M Wilson, A Van Sauers, N Bond, W Hawkins, D Mans, M Lichtveld
Agricultural pesticides are widely used in Suriname, an upper middle-income Caribbean country located in South America. Suriname imported 1.8 million kg of agricultural pesticides in 2015. So far, however, national monitoring of pesticides in crops is absent. Reports from the Netherlands on imported Surinamese produce from 2010 to 2015 consistently showed that samples exceeded plant-specific pesticide maximum residue limits (MRLs) of the European Union (EU). Consumption of produce containing unsafe levels of pesticide residues can cause neurological disorders, and particularly, pregnant women and children may be vulnerable...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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