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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822504/is-smog-innocuous-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-disease
#1
EDITORIAL
Sundeep Mishra
Air pollution is a significant environmental and health hazard. Earlier studies had examined the adverse health effects associated with short- and long-term exposure to particulate matter on respiratory disease. However, later studies demonstrated that was actually cardiovascular disease that accounted for majority of mortality. Furthermore, it was not gaseous pollutants like oxides of nitrate, sulfur, carbon mono-oxide or ozone but the particulate matter or PM, of fine or coarse size (PM2.5 and PM10) which was linearly associated with mortality; PM2...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819684/comparison-of-transcriptome-profiles-by-fusarium-oxysporum-inoculation-between-fusarium-yellows-resistant-and-susceptible-lines-in-brassica-rapa-l
#2
Naomi Miyaji, Motoki Shimizu, Junji Miyazaki, Kenji Osabe, Maho Sato, Yusuke Ebe, Satoko Takada, Makoto Kaji, Elizabeth S Dennis, Ryo Fujimoto, Keiichi Okazaki
Resistant and susceptible lines in Brassica rapa have different immune responses against Fusarium oxysporum inoculation. Fusarium yellows caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. conglutinans (Foc) is an important disease of Brassicaceae; however, the mechanism of how host plants respond to Foc is still unknown. By comparing with and without Foc inoculation in both resistant and susceptible lines of Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa var. pekinensis), we identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the bulked inoculated (6, 12, 24, and 72 h after inoculation (HAI)) and non-inoculated samples...
August 17, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812344/in-vitro-bile-acid-binding-capacities-of-red-leaf-lettuce-and-cruciferous-vegetables
#3
Isabelle Yang, Guddadarangavvanahal Jayaprakasha, Bhimanagouda S Patil
In the present study, we tested the bile acid binding capacity of red leaf lettuce, red cabbage, red kale, green kale, and Brussels sprouts in vitro digestion process by simulating mouth, gastric, and intestinal digestion using six bile acids at physiological pH. Green and red kale exhibited significantly higher (86.5±2.9 and 89.7±0.9%) bile acid binding capacity compared with the other samples. Further, three different compositions of bile acids were tested to understand the effect on different health conditions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801768/the-influence-of-particle-size-and-feedstock-of-biochar-on-the-accumulation-of-cd-zn-pb-and-as-by-brassica-chinensis-l
#4
Ruilun Zheng, Cui Li, Guoxin Sun, Zubin Xie, Jie Chen, Juying Wu, Qinghai Wang
Biochar produced from rice straw (RC) and maize stalk (MC) was amended to the heavy metal-contaminated soil to investigate the effects of different biochar feedstock and particle size (fine, moderate, coarse) on the accumulation of Cd, Zn, Pb, and As in Brassica chinensis L. (Chinese cabbage). The concentrations of Cd, Zn, and Pb in shoot were decreased by up to 57, 75, and 63%, respectively, after biochar addition (4%). Only MC decreased As concentration in B. chinensis L. shoots by up to 61%. Biochar treatments significantly decreased NH4NO3-extractable concentrations of Cd, Zn, and Pb in soil by 47-62, 33-66, and 38-71%, respectively, yet increased that of As by up to 147%...
August 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798725/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-phosphorus-solubilizing-bacterium-from-rhizosphere-soils-and-its-colonization-of-chinese-cabbage-brassica-campestris-ssp-chinensis
#5
Zhen Wang, Guoyi Xu, Pengda Ma, Yanbing Lin, Xiangna Yang, Cuiling Cao
Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) can promote the dissolution of insoluble phosphorus (P) in soil, enhancing the availability of soluble P. Thus, their application can reduce the consumption of fertilizer and aid in sustainable agricultural development. From the rhizosphere of Chinese cabbage plants grown in Yangling, we isolated a strain of PSB (YL6) with a strong ability to dissolve P and showed that this strain promoted the growth of these plants under field conditions. However, systematic research on the colonization of bacteria in the plant rhizosphere remains deficient...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795469/bacterial-biomes-and-potential-human-pathogens-in-irrigation-water-and-leafy-greens-from-different-production-systems-described-using-pyrosequencing
#6
M Jongman, L Chidamba, L Korsten
AIMS: To investigate the influence of irrigation water microbial quality on leafy green vegetables produced in commercial and small-scale farms as well as homestead gardens using pyrosequencing. METHODS AND RESULTS: Next generation sequencing analysis of the V1-V3 hypervariable region of bacterial 16S rDNA was used to compare bacterial diversity in irrigation water sources and on leafy vegetables. In all samples (12) analyzed, the phylum Proteobacteria (64.5%), class Gammaproteobacteria (56...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792546/host-plant-driven-transcriptome-plasticity-in-the-salivary-glands-of-the-cabbage-looper-trichoplusia-ni
#7
Loren J Rivera-Vega, David A Galbraith, Christina M Grozinger, Gary W Felton
Generalist herbivores feed on a wide array of plants and need to adapt to varying host qualities and defenses. One of the first insect derived secretions to come in contact with the plant is the saliva. Insect saliva is potentially involved in both the pre-digestion of the host plant as well as induction/suppression of plant defenses, yet how the salivary glands respond to changes in host plant at the transcriptional level is largely unknown. The objective of this study was to determine how the labial salivary gland transcriptome varies according to the host plant on which the insect is feeding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783899/development-of-a-phage-chemiluminescent-enzyme-immunoassay-with-high-sensitivity-for-the-determination-of-imidaclothiz-in-agricultural-and-environmental-samples
#8
Yuan Ding, Xiude Hua, Nana Sun, Jiachuan Yang, Jiaqi Deng, Haiyan Shi, Minghua Wang
In this study, we isolated six phage-displayed peptides by biopanning phage-displayed peptide libraries on an immobilized anti-imidaclothiz monoclonal antibody. After analyzing the relative sensitivity of the individual phage-displayed peptides, we subsequently developed and optimized both a phage enzyme immunoassay (P-ELISA) and a phage chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassay (P-CLEIA) to improve the sensitivity and linear range of imidaclothiz assays. The P-CLEIA (50% inhibition concentration (IC50) of 0.86ngmL(-1), linear range of 0...
July 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781941/barriers-attitudes-and-dietary-behaviors-regarding-sodium-reduction-in-the-elderly-korean-chinese-population-in-yanbian-china
#9
Jounghee Lee, Wenying Cui, Meixiang Jin
OBJECTIVES: This research investigated the barriers, attitudes, and dietary behaviors related to sodium reduction among the elderly Korean-Chinese population in Yanbian, China. METHODS: We conducted this pilot study using both descriptive research and a focus group interview at the elderly community center in Yanbian. RESULTS: In total, 21 elderly Korean-Chinese (average age, 71 years) were examined. The findings showed that the top three barriers to sodium reduction were 1) the difficulties associated with having meals with others, 2) a preference for liquid based-dishes, and 3) the lack of taste in low-sodium dishes...
June 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769959/introgression-of-black-rot-resistance-from-brassica-carinata-to-cauliflower-brassica-oleracea-botrytis-group-through-embryo-rescue
#10
Brij B Sharma, Pritam Kalia, Dinesh Singh, Tilak R Sharma
Black rot caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is a very important disease of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea botrytis group) resulting into 10-50% yield losses every year. Since there is a dearth of availability of resistance to black rot disease in B. oleracea (C genome), therefore exploration of A and B genomes was inevitable as they have been reported to be potential reservoirs of gene(s) for resistance to black rot. To utilize these sources, interspecific hybrid and backcross progeny (B1) were generated between cauliflower "Pusa Sharad" and Ethiopian mustard "NPC-9" employing in vitro embryo rescue technique...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769953/glucosinolate-profiles-in-cabbage-genotypes-influence-the-preferential-feeding-of-diamondback-moth-plutella-xylostella
#11
Arif Hasan Khan Robin, Mohammad Rashed Hossain, Jong-In Park, Hye R Kim, Ill-Sup Nou
Diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella L., is a devastating pest of cabbage worldwide whose feeding attributes are influenced by glucosinolate profiles of the plant. Identifying the specific glucosinolates associated with plants' resistance mechanism can provide cues to novel points of intervention in developing resistant cultivars. We studied the DBM larval feeding preference and extent of damage on cabbage leaves via controlled glass-house and in vitro multiple- and two-choice feeding tests. These feeding attributes were associated with the individual glucosinolate profiles, analyzed by HPLC, of each of the eight cabbage genotypes using multivariate analytical approach to identify the glucosinolates that may have roles in resistance...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765284/structural-basis-of-autoinhibition-and-activation-of-the-dna-targeting-adp-ribosyltransferase-pierisin-1
#12
Takashi Oda, Hirokazu Hirabayashi, Gen Shikauchi, Ryouma Takamura, Kiyoshi Hiraga, Hiroshi Minami, Hiroshi Hashimoto, Masafumi Yamamoto, Keiji Wakabayashi, Toshiyuki Shimizu, Mamoru Sato
ADP-ribosyltransferases transfer the ADP-ribose moiety of βNAD+ to an acceptor molecule, usually a protein that modulates the function of the acceptor. Pierisin-1 is an ADP-ribosyltransferase from the cabbage butterfly Pieris rapae and is composed of N-terminal catalytic and C-terminal Ricin B-like domains. Curiously, it ADP-ribosylates the DNA duplex, resulting in apoptosis of various cancer cells, which has raised interest in pierisin-1 as an anti-cancer agent. However, both the structure and the mechanism of DNA ADP-ribosylation are unclear...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764905/comparison-of-short-and-long-term-exposure-effects-of-cruciferous-and-apiaceous-vegetables-on-carcinogen-metabolizing-enzymes-in-wistar-rats
#13
Jae Kyeom Kim, Noemia Strapazzon, Cynthia M Gallaher, Dwight R Stoll, William Thomas, Daniel D Gallaher, Sabrina P Trudo
Cruciferous and apiaceous vegetables may be chemopreventive due to their ability to modulate carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes but whether the effects on such enzymes are sustained over time is unknown. To examine the short- and long-term effects of the vegetables, rats were fed one of four diets for 7, 30, or 60 d: AIN-93G, CRU (21% cruciferous vegetables-fresh broccoli, green cabbage, watercress), API (9% apiaceous vegetables - fresh parsnips, celery), or API + CRU (10.5% CRU + 4.5% API). Although CRU increased activity and protein expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 and CYP1A2 after 7 d, only activity was sustained after 30 and 60 d...
July 29, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763783/a-highly-stable-acetylcholinesterase-biosensor-based-on-chitosan-tio2-graphene-nanocomposites-for-detection-of-organophosphate-pesticides
#14
Hui-Fang Cui, Wen-Wen Wu, Meng-Meng Li, Xiaojie Song, Yuanxu Lv, Ting-Ting Zhang
A highly stable electrochemical acetylcholinesterase (AChE) biosensor for detection of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) was developed simply by adsorption of AChE on chitosan (CS), TiO2 sol-gel, and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) based multi-layered immobilization matrix (denoted as CS(@)TiO2-CS/rGO). The biosensor fabrication conditions were optimized, and the fabrication process was probed and confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical techniques. The matrix has a mesoporous nanostructure...
July 29, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763488/anthocyanin-rich-extract-of-brassica-oleracea-l-alleviates-experimentally-induced-myocardial-infarction
#15
Sarmita Jana, Dipak Patel, Shweta Patel, Kapil Upadhyay, Jaymesh Thadani, Rahul Mandal, Santasabuj Das, Ranjitsinh Devkar
Cardioprotective potential of anthocyanin rich red cabbage extract (ARCE) was assessed in H2O2 treated rat neonatal cardiomyoblasts (H9c2 cells) and isoproterenol (ISO) induced rodent model of myocardial infarction. H2O2 treated H9c2 cells recorded cytotoxicity (48-50%) and apoptosis (57.3%), the same were reduced in presence of ARCE (7-10% & 12.3% respectively). Rats pretreated with ARCE for 30 days followed by ISO treatment recorded favourable heart: body weight ratio as compared to ISO treated group. Also, the mRNA levels of enzymatic antioxidants (sod and catalase) and apoptotic genes (bax and bcl-2) in ARCE+ISO treated group were similar to the control group suggesting that ARCE pretreatment prevents ISO induced depletion of enzymatic antioxidants and apoptosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756252/potential-use-of-lime-combined-with-additives-on-im-mobilization-and-phytoavailability-of-heavy-metals-from-pb-zn-smelter-contaminated-soils
#16
Altaf Hussain Lahori, Zengqiang Zhang, Zhanyu Guo, Amanullah Mahar, Ronghua Li, Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Tanveer Ali Sial, Farhana Kumbhar, Ping Wang, Feng Shen, Junchao Zhao, Hui Huang
This explorative study was aimed to assess the efficiency of lime alone and in combined with additives to immobilize Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in soil and reduce their phytoavailability for plant. A greenhouse pot experiment was performed by using low and heavily contaminated top soils viz. Tongguan contaminated (TG-C); Fengxian heavily contaminated (FX-HC) and Fengxian low contaminated (FX-LC). The contaminated soils were treated with lime (L) alone and in combined with Ca-bentonite (CB), Tobacco biochar (TB) and Zeolite (Z) at 1% and cultivated by Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L)...
July 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755700/effects-of-rosemary-thyme-and-lemongrass-oils-and-their-major-constituents-on-detoxifying-enzyme-activity-and-insecticidal-activity-in-trichoplusia-ni
#17
Jun-Hyung Tak, Eduardo Jovel, Murray B Isman
Although there have been many reports on the synergistic interactions among the major constituents of plant essential oils regarding insecticidal activity, their underlying mechanism of synergy is poorly understood. In our previous studies, we found each of the two most abundant constituents of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf.) essential oils can be synergistic against the larvae of the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni at their natural proportion or equivalent blending ratios...
August 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753316/inhibitory-potential-of-red-cabbage-against-digestive-enzymes-linked-to-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes
#18
Anna Podsędek, Iwona Majewska, Alicja Z Kucharska
Assays of the inhibitory potential against enzymes involved in carbohydrate and lipid digestion (α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and lipase) as well as the total contents of phenolics and anthocyanins, anthocyanin profile, and antioxidant capacity revealed significant differences (p < 0.05) between five varieties of red cabbage. Among the varieties, the highest inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase (IC50 = 3.87 ± 0.12 mg dry weight (DW) of cabbage/mL) and lipase (IC50 = 1.57 ± 0.06 mg DW/mL) was exhibited by the Koda variety, which showed the highest antioxidant capacity in ABTS (Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) = 141 ± 4...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748607/simultaneous-detection-of-zinc-dimethyldithiocarbamate-and-zinc-ethylenebisdithiocarbamate-in-cabbage-leaves-by-capillary-electrophoresis-with-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#19
Jinfa Chen, Fengfu Fu, Siying Wu, Jing Wang, Zongwen Wang
Herein, a simple and highly sensitive method for the simultaneous detection of trace zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate and zinc ethylenebisdithiocarbamate by capillary electrophoresis with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is reported. Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate and zinc ethylenebisdithiocarbamate were chelated with trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N,N´,N´-tetraacetic acid to form a macromolecule complex. Then, these two compounds were separated by α-cyclodextrin-modified capillary electrophoresis within 12 min at a separation voltage of 15 kV and measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741205/one-more-step-toward-a-push-pull-strategy-combining-both-a-trap-crop-and-plant-volatile-organic-compounds-against-the-cabbage-root-fly-delia-radicum
#20
Fabrice Lamy, Sébastien Dugravot, Anne Marie Cortesero, Valérie Chaminade, Vincent Faloya, Denis Poinsot
The "push-pull" strategy aims at manipulating insect pest behavior using a combination of attractive and repulsive stimuli using either plants derived volatile organic compounds or insect host plant preferences. In a field experiment using broccoli as a crop, we combined in a "push-pull" context the oviposition deterrent effect of dimethyl disulfide and the attractive effect of a Chinese cabbage strip enhanced with Z-3-hexenyl-acetate. The push component dimethyl disulfide reduced Delia radicum L. (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) oviposition on broccoli by nearly 30%, and applying Z-3-hexenyl-acetate in the pull component of Chinese cabbage increased it by 40%...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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