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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910219/corrections-the-disagreeable-behaviour-of-the-kappa-statistic
#1
Laura Flight, Steven A Julious
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Pharmaceutical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904587/inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-preterm-infants-an-updated-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Yang Yang, Yun Feng, Xiao-Guang Zhou, Jing-Jing Pan, Xiao-Yu Zhou
BACKGROUND: In the past several years, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have indicated that inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) can potentially lower for both the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and mortality in affected infants. Other research has, however, disagreed with these findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an updated meta analysis of all relevant RCTs to assess the benefits of iNO in preterm infants by searching PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, Wanfang, VIP, and CNKI databases for English and Chinese references...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901033/impact-of-dietary-glycemic-challenge-on-fuel-partitioning
#3
REVIEW
A Bosy-Westphal, F Hägele, A Nas
The 'carbohydrate-insulin theory of obesity' is used to justify popular health claims stating that carbohydrates make you fat or a high glycemic load and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and breakfast skipping increase fat gain. According to this theory, the elevated postprandial insulin secretion to a high glycemic challenge is blamed as a causal mechanism by directing nutrients away from oxidation in muscle towards storage in adipose tissue. Scientific evidence is however largely disagreeing with an adverse effect of postprandial hyperinsulinemia on fuel partitioning...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899446/-if-you-are-empathetic-you-care-about-both-animals-and-people-i-am-a-nurse-and-i-don-t-like-to-see-suffering-anywhere-findings-from-103-healthcare-professionals-on-attitudes-to-animal-experimentation
#4
Andrée Dignon
This report presents qualitative and quantitative data from 103 UK healthcare professionals describing attitudes to the current system of animal testing (to produce medicines and health interventions). To gather qualitative testimony, these healthcare professionals were organised into six separate focus groups (of 18, 17, 17, 15, 17 and 19 participants) where they were asked 'what is your opinion about the current system of animal testing?' The study focussed on attitudes to the current system rather than attitudes to animal testing in general...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892996/technique-standards-for-skin-lesion-imaging-a-delphi-consensus-statement
#5
Chinmayee Katragadda, Anna Finnane, H Peter Soyer, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Allan Halpern, Josep Malvehy, Harald Kittler, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Dennis Da Silva, Ivo Abraham, Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski
Importance: Variability in the metrics for image acquisition at the total body, regional, close-up, and dermoscopic levels impacts the quality and generalizability of skin images. Consensus guidelines are indicated to achieve universal imaging standards in dermatology. Objective: To achieve consensus among members of the International Skin Imaging Collaboration (ISIC) on standards for image acquisition metrics using a hybrid Delphi method. Evidence Review: Delphi study with 5 rounds of ratings and revisions until relative consensus was achieved...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891356/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-medical-undergraduates-towards-mobile-learning-m-learning
#6
Rakesh Narayan Patil, Balaji D Almale, Mrunal Patil, Amit Gujrathi, Supriya Dhakne-Palwe, Anuradha R Patil, Shriram Gosavi
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology is one of the latest extensions of technological innovations that can be integrated into medical education. With the aid of these devices, students learn faster outside the classroom by having quick access to the internet and easy retrieval of required health related learning resources to keep alongside of recent trend and development. In medicine practice one has to continuously update his/her medical knowledge and mobile learning will serve as a tool for self-directed learning...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886307/a-simple-guiding-principle-for-the-temperature-dependence-of-the-solubility-of-light-gases-in-imidazolium-based-ionic-liquids-derived-from-molecular-simulations
#7
Daniela Kerlé, Majid Namayandeh Jorabchi, Ralf Ludwig, Sebastian Wohlrab, Dietmar Paschek
We have determined the temperature dependence of the solvation behavior of a large collection of important light gases in imidazolium-based ionic liquids with the help of extensive molecular dynamics simulations. The motivation of our study is to unravel common features of the temperature dependent solvation under well controlled conditions, and to provide a guidance for cases, where experimental data from different sources disagree significantly. The solubility of molecular hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, methane, krypton, argon, neon and carbon dioxide in the imidazolium based ionic liquids of type 1-n-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([Cnmim][NTf2]) with varying alkyl side chain lengths n = 2, 4, 6, 8 is computed for a temperature range between 300 K and 500 K at 1 bar...
November 25, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884300/teen-preferences-for-clinic-based-behavior-screens-who-where-when-and-how
#8
Carolyn Bradner Jasik, Mark Berna, Maria Martin, Elizabeth M Ozer
PURPOSE: Previous research examining computer-based adolescent risk behavior screening was done before widespread adoption of smartphones and merits updating. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey among 115 adolescents seeking primary care age 12-18 years. It is a diverse sample with 59% female, 51% white, 18% African-American, and 27% Latino. Respondents were asked level of comfort and honesty (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree) when answering health behavior questions by paper, interview, or electronic device...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879430/factors-that-can-influence-feelings-towards-and-interactions-with-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-rural-central-kenya
#9
Caroline Kingori, Zelalem T Haile, Peter Ngatia, Ruth Nderitu
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, HIV incidence and prevalence have declined. HIV rates are lower in rural areas than in urban areas. However, HIV infection is reported higher in men in rural areas (4.5%) compared to those in urban areas (3.7%). OBJECTIVES: This study examined HIV knowledge, feelings, and interactions towards HIV-infected from 302 participants in rural Central Kenya. METHODS: Chi square tests and multivariable logistic regression analyzed variables of interest...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876529/comparison-of-community-and-hospital-pharmacists-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-medication-error-disclosure-to-the-patient-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#10
ChungYun Kim, Jennifer L Mazan, Ana C Quiñones-Boex
OBJECTIVES: To determine pharmacists' attitudes and behaviors on medication errors and their disclosure and to compare community and hospital pharmacists on such views. METHODS: An online questionnaire was developed from previous studies on physicians' disclosure of errors. Questionnaire items included demographics, environment, personal experiences, and attitudes on medication errors and the disclosure process. An invitation to participate along with the link to the questionnaire was electronically distributed to members of two Illinois pharmacy associations...
November 19, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874297/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-i-quality-of-life-comparisons-and-commonalities-among-the-models
#11
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Some anecdotal evidence has suggested that organizational infrastructure may affect the quality of life of athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE:  To compare ATs' perspectives on work-life balance, role strain, job satisfaction, and retention in collegiate practice settings within the various models. DESIGN:  Cross-sectional and qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870084/a-response-to-commentaries
#12
I Glenn Cohen, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Christopher R Deubert
Our article "NFL Player Health Care: Addressing Club Doctors' Conflicts of Interests and Promoting Player Trust" focused on an inherent structural conflict that faces club doctors in the National Football League. The conflict stems from club doctors' dual role of providing medical care to players and providing strategic advice to clubs. We recommended assigning these roles to different individuals, with the medical staff members who are responsible for providing player care being chosen and subject to review and termination by a committee of medical experts selected equally by the NFL and the NFL Players Association...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862849/blog-construction-as-an-effective-tool-in-biochemistry-active-learning
#13
Estêvão Cubas Rolim, Julia Martins de Oliveira, Luana T Dalvi, Daniel C Moreira, Natasha Garcia Caldas, Felipe Fernandes Lobo, Démerson André Polli, Élida G Campos, Marcelo Hermes-Lima
To boost active learning in undergraduate students, they were given the task of preparing blogs on topics of clinical biochemistry. This "experiment" lasted for 12 teaching-semesters (from 2008 to 2013), and included a survey on the blogs' usefulness at the end of each semester. The survey (applied in the 2008-2010 period) used a Likert-like questionnaire with eight questions and a 1-to-6 scale, from "totally disagree" to "fully agree." Answers of 428 students were analyzed and indicated overall approval of the blog activity: 86% and 35% of the responses scored 4-to-6 and 6, respectively...
November 14, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861741/rosacea-treatment-update-recommendations-from-the-global-rosacea-consensus-rosco-panel
#14
M Schaller, L Almeida, A Bewley, B Cribier, N Dlova, G Kautz, M Mannis, H Oon, M Rajagopalan, M Steinhoff, D Thiboutot, P Troielli, G Webster, Y Wu, E van Zuuren, J Tan
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is currently treated according to subtypes. As this does not adequately address the patient spectrum of clinical presentation (phenotypes), it has implications for patient management. The ROSacea COnsensus (ROSCO) panel was established to address this issue. OBJECTIVES: To incorporate current best treatment evidence with clinical experience from an international expert panel and establish consensus to improve outcomes for patients with rosacea...
November 12, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858989/poem-a-core-instrument-to-measure-symptoms-in-clinical-trials-a-home-statement
#15
Ph I Spuls, L A A Gerbens, E Simpson, C J Apfelbacher, J R Chalmers, K S Thomas, C A C Prinsen, L B von Kobyletzki, J A Singh, H C Williams, J Schmitt
BACKGROUND: The Harmonising Outcome Measures for Eczema (HOME) initiative has defined four core outcome domains for a core outcome set (COS) to be measured in all atopic eczema (AE) trials to ensure cross-trial comparison: clinical signs, symptoms, quality of life and long-term control. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to report on the consensus process that was used to select the core instrument to consistently assess symptoms in all future AE trials. METHODS: Following the HOME roadmap, two systematic reviews were performed which identified three instruments that had sufficient evidence of validity, reliability, and feasibility to be considered for the final COS...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858422/measurement-of-coherent-%C3%AF-production-in-low-energy-neutrino-carbon-scattering
#16
K Abe, C Andreopoulos, M Antonova, S Aoki, A Ariga, S Assylbekov, D Autiero, S Ban, M Barbi, G J Barker, G Barr, P Bartet-Friburg, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, V Berardi, S Berkman, S Bhadra, A Blondel, S Bolognesi, S Bordoni, S B Boyd, D Brailsford, A Bravar, C Bronner, M Buizza Avanzini, R G Calland, T Campbell, S Cao, J Caravaca Rodríguez, S L Cartwright, R Castillo, M G Catanesi, A Cervera, D Cherdack, N Chikuma, G Christodoulou, A Clifton, J Coleman, G Collazuol, D Coplowe, L Cremonesi, A Dabrowska, G De Rosa, T Dealtry, P F Denner, S R Dennis, C Densham, D Dewhurst, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, S Dolan, O Drapier, K E Duffy, J Dumarchez, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, S Emery-Schrenk, A Ereditato, T Feusels, A J Finch, G A Fiorentini, M Friend, Y Fujii, D Fukuda, Y Fukuda, A P Furmanski, V Galymov, A Garcia, S G Giffin, C Giganti, F Gizzarelli, M Gonin, N Grant, D R Hadley, L Haegel, M D Haigh, P Hamilton, D Hansen, J Harada, T Hara, M Hartz, T Hasegawa, N C Hastings, T Hayashino, Y Hayato, R L Helmer, M Hierholzer, A Hillairet, A Himmel, T Hiraki, S Hirota, M Hogan, J Holeczek, S Horikawa, F Hosomi, K Huang, A K Ichikawa, K Ieki, M Ikeda, J Imber, J Insler, R A Intonti, T J Irvine, T Ishida, T Ishii, E Iwai, K Iwamoto, A Izmaylov, A Jacob, B Jamieson, M Jiang, S Johnson, J H Jo, P Jonsson, C K Jung, M Kabirnezhad, A C Kaboth, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, D Karlen, I Karpikov, T Katori, E Kearns, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, D Kielczewska, T Kikawa, H Kim, J Kim, S King, J Kisiel, A Knight, A Knox, T Kobayashi, L Koch, T Koga, A Konaka, K Kondo, A Kopylov, L L Kormos, A Korzenev, Y Koshio, W Kropp, Y Kudenko, R Kurjata, T Kutter, J Lagoda, I Lamont, E Larkin, P Lasorak, M Laveder, M Lawe, M Lazos, T Lindner, Z J Liptak, R P Litchfield, X Li, A Longhin, J P Lopez, L Ludovici, X Lu, L Magaletti, K Mahn, M Malek, S Manly, A D Marino, J Marteau, J F Martin, P Martins, S Martynenko, T Maruyama, V Matveev, K Mavrokoridis, W Y Ma, E Mazzucato, M McCarthy, N McCauley, K S McFarland, C McGrew, A Mefodiev, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, P Mijakowski, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, A Missert, M Miura, S Moriyama, Th A Mueller, S Murphy, J Myslik, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, K G Nakamura, K Nakamura, K D Nakamura, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, K Nakayoshi, C Nantais, C Nielsen, M Nirkko, K Nishikawa, Y Nishimura, P Novella, J Nowak, H M O'Keeffe, R Ohta, K Okumura, T Okusawa, W Oryszczak, S M Oser, T Ovsyannikova, R A Owen, Y Oyama, V Palladino, J L Palomino, V Paolone, N D Patel, M Pavin, D Payne, J D Perkin, Y Petrov, L Pickard, L Pickering, E S Pinzon Guerra, C Pistillo, B Popov, M Posiadala-Zezula, J-M Poutissou, R Poutissou, P Przewlocki, B Quilain, T Radermacher, E Radicioni, P N Ratoff, M Ravonel, M A M Rayner, A Redij, E Reinherz-Aronis, C Riccio, P Rojas, E Rondio, S Roth, A Rubbia, A Rychter, R Sacco, K Sakashita, F Sánchez, F Sato, E Scantamburlo, K Scholberg, S Schoppmann, J Schwehr, M Scott, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, D Sgalaberna, R Shah, A Shaikhiev, F Shaker, D Shaw, M Shiozawa, T Shirahige, S Short, M Smy, J T Sobczyk, H Sobel, M Sorel, L Southwell, P Stamoulis, J Steinmann, T Stewart, P Stowell, Y Suda, S Suvorov, A Suzuki, K Suzuki, S Y Suzuki, Y Suzuki, R Tacik, M Tada, S Takahashi, A Takeda, Y Takeuchi, H K Tanaka, H A Tanaka, D Terhorst, R Terri, T Thakore, L F Thompson, S Tobayama, W Toki, T Tomura, C Touramanis, T Tsukamoto, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, A Vacheret, M Vagins, Z Vallari, G Vasseur, T Wachala, K Wakamatsu, C W Walter, D Wark, W Warzycha, M O Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, R J Wilkes, M J Wilking, C Wilkinson, J R Wilson, R J Wilson, Y Yamada, K Yamamoto, M Yamamoto, C Yanagisawa, T Yano, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, J Yoo, K Yoshida, T Yuan, M Yu, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, L Zambelli, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki, E D Zimmerman, M Zito, J Żmuda
: We report the first measurement of the flux-averaged cross section for charged current coherent π^{+} production on carbon for neutrino energies less than 1.5 GeV, and with a restriction on the final state phase space volume in the T2K near detector, ND280. Comparisons are made with predictions from the Rein-Sehgal coherent production model and the model by Alvarez-Ruso et al., the latter representing the first implementation of an instance of the new class of microscopic coherent models in a neutrino interaction Monte Carlo event generator...
November 4, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853438/listeners-and-performers-shared-understanding-of-jazz-improvisations
#17
Michael F Schober, Neta Spiro
This study explores the extent to which a large set of musically experienced listeners share understanding with a performing saxophone-piano duo, and with each other, of what happened in three improvisations on a jazz standard. In an online survey, 239 participants listened to audio recordings of three improvisations and rated their agreement with 24 specific statements that the performers and a jazz-expert commenting listener had made about them. Listeners endorsed statements that the performers had agreed upon significantly more than they endorsed statements that the performers had disagreed upon, even though the statements gave no indication of performers' levels of agreement...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836040/economic-figures-in-herd-health-programmes-as-motivation-factors-for-farmers
#18
Inger Anneberg, Søren Østergaard, Jehan Frans Ettema, Anne Braad Kudahl
Veterinarians often express frustrations when farmers do not implement their advice, and farmers sometimes shake their heads when they receive veterinary advice which is practically unfeasible. This is the background for the development of a focused 3 page economic report created in cooperation between veterinarians, farmers, advisers and researchers. Based on herd specific key-figures for management, the report presents the short- and long-term economic effects of changes in 15 management areas. Simulations are performed by the dairy herd simulation model "SimHerd"...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825660/the-validation-of-the-clinical-male-pelvic-trainer-mk-2-advanced-models-for-scrotal-examination-simulation
#19
Mithun Kailavasan, Ahmad Abdul-Rahman, Vishwanath Hanchanale, Sanjay Rajpal, Karol Rogawski, Victor Palit, Andy Myatt, Sunjay Jain, Chandra Shekhar Biyani
OBJECTIVES: To validate the use of a novel physical model, the "Clinical Male Pelvic Trainer (CMPT) Mk 2-Advanced," for scrotal examination simulation and evaluate its use for surgical education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 7 CMPT Mk 2-Advanced scrotal models were used for teaching: normal, varicocele, testicular tumor, epididymal cyst, hydrocele, epididymo-orchitis, and indirect inguinoscrotal hernia. At 4 surgical courses in the West Yorkshire Foundation Deanery, UK, between 2015 and 2016, trainees were asked to assess their clinical experience, confidence levels in diagnosing scrotal pathology and simulation properties of the scrotal models on a 5-point Likert Scale...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822000/attitude-of-hand-surgeons-toward-affordable-care-act-a-survey-of-members-of-american-society-for-surgery-of-the-hand
#20
Valeriy Shubinets, Patrick A Gerety, Christopher J Pannucci, Paris D Butler, Michael N Mirzabeigi, Benjamin Chang, L Scott Levin, Ines C Lin
The purpose of this study was to examine current attitude of hand surgeons toward the Affordable Care Act (ACA). An electronic survey was sent to members of American Society for Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) to examine their attitude toward the Affordable Care Act. 974 ASSH members responded to the survey (33% response rate). The majority of respondents were male (89%), trained in orthopedic surgery (81%), and in private practice (75%). 41% of respondents rated their knowledge of the ACA as average. Respondents disagreed that the ACA would improve healthcare in the United States (median 2, mean 2...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
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