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Kirsten Lerum Indrebø, Gerd Karin Natvig, John Roger Andersen
Ostomy-specific adjustment may or may not predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and/or overall quality of life (QoL). A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients recruited from the customer registers of 8 surgical suppliers and pharmacies across Norway between November 2010 and March 2011 to determine which of the 34 items of the Ostomy Adjustment Scale (OAS) are the strongest predictors for HRQoL and overall QoL and to determine the HRQoL and overall QoL of individuals with an ostomy compared to a control group representing the general population...
October 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
Brittany L Zastrow, Michelle M Martel, Thomas A Widiger
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is conceptualized as a disorder of negative affect and low effortful control. Yet empirical tests of trait associations with ODD remain limited. The current study examined the relationship between temperament and personality traits and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) ODD symptom domains and related impairment in a preschool-age sample. Participants were 109 children ages 3-6 (59% male), overrecruited for ODD from the community, and their primary caregivers (87% mothers)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Quang Tran, Shanshan Gao, Vinhthuy Phan
Efforts such as International HapMap Project and 1000 Genomes Project resulted in a catalog of millions of single nucleotides and insertion/deletion (INDEL) variants of the human population. Viewed as a reference of existing variants, this resource commonly serves as a gold standard for studying and developing methods to detect genetic variants. Our analysis revealed that this reference contained thousands of INDELs that were constructed in a biased manner. This bias occurred at the level of aligning short reads to reference genomes to detect variants...
October 6, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
Yasmeen Jabeen Bhat, Iffat Hassan, Peerzada Sajad, Atiya Yaseen, Syed Mubashir, Saniya Akhter, Roohi Wani
BACKGROUND: Epidermal naevi are benign hamartomatous growths of the skin which are generally asymptomatic with a benign course but are cosmetically disagreeable. Topical treatments such as steroids, calcipotriol, 5 fluorouracil, podophyllin, retinoids and cryotherapy are ineffective and surgical excision results in scar formation. Therapy is often challenging. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the response of carbon dioxide (CO2) laser in the management of epidermal naevi...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
David Hemenway, Elizabeth P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: No one has systematically collected the views of firearm researchers to determine if and where agreement exists on the scientific evidence about firearms and firearm violence. METHODS: We send a short monthly on-line survey to firearm researchers. Each survey asks respondents their level of agreement with a statement about firearms, their rating of the quality of the scientific evidence on the specific issue, their familiarity with that literature and their area of expertise...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Carsten Lundby, Paul Robach
The aim with any review is to summarize an expert's assessment of the literature where readers benefit from the reviewers overview and evaluation of the validity and applicability of individual studies. Millet and co-workers are of the opinion that our review (Lundby and Robach, 2016) is selective and that their studies are not fully and accurately represented in it. The reason for not including some of their studies is that we believe them to be flawed and we disagree that the studies we do cite are misinterpreted...
October 17, 2016: Experimental Physiology
Jiyeon Kim, Elizabeth Kern, Taeho Kim, Mikang Sim, Jaebum Kim, Yuseob Kim, Chungoo Park, Steven A Nadler, Joong-Ki Park
Plectida is an important nematode order with species that occupy many different biological niches. The order includes free-living aquatic and soil-dwelling species, but its phylogenetic position has remained uncertain. We sequenced the complete mitochondrial genomes of two members of this order, Plectus acuminatus and Plectus aquatilis and compared them with those of other major nematode clades. The genome size and base composition of these species are similar to other nematodes; 14,831 and 14,372 bp, respectively, with AT contents of 71...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
M Ogawa, T Fujita, N Fukushima, T Nakatani, S Kitamiura, Y Imamura, K Watanabe, S Iwata, A Kinjo
BACKGROUND: Because tissue transplantation (TTx) has not been familiar to the general public or even to medical staffs in Japan, awareness of TTx is very important to increase tissue donation. Our primary aim was to describe the current status of awareness of TTx in medical staffs and in the general public around Osaka. METHODS: Between July 2014 and February 2015, 1015 general public citizens, 203 medical staff members working in emergency hospitals, and 168 cardiothoracic surgeons were invited to complete a letter or web-based survey through the use of a self-designed questionnaire...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Johannes Burge, Brian C McCann, Wilson S Geisler
Estimating three-dimensional (3D) surface orientation (slant and tilt) is an important first step toward estimating 3D shape. Here, we examine how three local image cues from the same location (disparity gradient, luminance gradient, and dominant texture orientation) should be combined to estimate 3D tilt in natural scenes. We collected a database of natural stereoscopic images with precisely co-registered range images that provide the ground-truth distance at each pixel location. We then analyzed the relationship between ground-truth tilt and image cue values...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
Zoi Triandafilidis, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz, Kate Huppatz
In this article, we explore how young women encounter and counter discourses of smoking-related stigma. Twenty-seven young Australian women, smokers and ex-smokers, took part in interviews. A sub-sample of 18 participants took photographs to document their smoking experience, and took part in a second interview. Data were analyzed through Foucauldian discourse analysis. Four discourses were identified: "smoking as stigmatized," "the smoking double standard," "smoking as lower class," and "smokers as bad mothers...
October 13, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Uros Rakita, Peter Giacobbe, Chris Cavacuiti
OBJECTIVES: To assess the acceptability and quality of web-based videoconferencing telemedicine consultation platform in the treatment of opioid use disorder at TrueNorth Medical Centre. METHODS: We conducted an interview based quality improvement initiative using an investigator-designed questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 17 Agree/Disagree questions, measured on a 7-point Likert scale and 2 questions where patients had the ability to elaborate qualitatively on their perceptions and experiences with their telemedicine service...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
Benjamin Wang, Florian J Fintelmann, Ravi S Kamath, Susan V Kattapuram, Daniel I Rosenthal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine how a limited protocol MR examination compares to a full conventional MR examination for the detection of non-degenerative pathology such as acute fracture, infection, and malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 349 non-contrast MR exams was selected retrospectively containing a 3:1:1:1 distribution of negative/degenerative change only, acute fracture, infection, and malignancy. This resulted in an even distribution of pathology and non-pathology...
October 10, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Roksana Malak, Agnieszka Krawczyk-Wasielewska, Ewa Mojs, Bartosz Grobelny, Katarzyna B Głodowska, José Carlos Millán-Calenti, Laura Núñez-Naveira, Włodzimierz Samborski
BACKGROUND The person with dementia should be treated as an unique person regarding symptoms directly associated with dementia, such as problems with memory, hallucinations, and delusions, as well as other physical, mental, or neurological deficits. The symptoms not directly typical of dementia, such as musculoskeletal disorders or depression, should be also be considered in order to improve the quality of life of a person with dementia. That is why professional caregivers have to broaden their current knowledge not only of medical symptoms but also of the patient's psychosocial condition and increase their inquisitiveness about the individual condition of the patient...
October 10, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) affects >600,000 patients per year in the United States. Evaluation includes clinical decision rules, laboratory tests, and several imaging modalities. The diagnosis of PE has risen in recent years, particularly subsegmental PE (SSPE). Controversy exists concerning the diagnosis and treatment of these lesions. OBJECTIVE: We sought to provide emergency physicians with a review of the controversies surrounding PE testing and the diagnosis and treatment of SSPE...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Laura Vandeweghe, Ellen Moens, Caroline Braet, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Leentje Vervoort, Sandra Verbeken
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study is to identify strategies to promote healthy eating in young children that can be applied by caregivers, based on their own perceptions of effectiveness and feasibility. Whereas previous research mainly focused on parental influences on children's eating behavior, the growing role of other caregivers in the upbringing of children can no longer be denied. METHODS: Four focus groups were conducted with three types of caregivers of post-weaning children under 6 years old: parents (n = 14), family child care providers (n = 9), and daycare assistants (n = 10)...
October 4, 2016: BMC Public Health
Megan S C Lim, Alyce M Vella, Danielle R Horyniak, Margaret E Hellard
Background: Sexting is a common emerging phenomenon. This study aims to explore young people's attitudes towards sexting. Methods: Participants (n=469, age range 15-29 years) were recruited at a music festival and self-completed a questionnaire. Attitudes towards sexting were assessed using a series of seven statements, rated on a five-point Likert scale from 'strongly agree' to 'strongly disagree'. Correlates of sexting attitudes were determined using multivariable regression. Results: Forty-six percent of respondents reported ever sexting...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Charlotta Skålén, Lena Nordgren, Eva-Maria Annerbäck
AIM: To describe patient complaints and to examine possible associations between healthcare providers' statements and reports of satisfaction/dissatisfaction. DESIGN: A retrospective and descriptive design was used to examine filed complaints. METHODS: Complaints from one Patient Advisory Committee in Sweden in 2011 was examined using three different protocols/reading guides (n = 618). Associations between contents in responses from healthcare providers and reports of satisfaction/dissatisfaction from the complainants were analysed...
October 2016: Nurs Open
D A Stolper, M L Bender, G B Dreyfus, Y Yan, J A Higgins
The history of atmospheric O2 partial pressures (Po2) is inextricably linked to the coevolution of life and Earth's biogeochemical cycles. Reconstructions of past Po2 rely on models and proxies but often markedly disagree. We present a record of Po2 reconstructed using O2/N2 ratios from ancient air trapped in ice. This record indicates that Po2 declined by 7 per mil (0.7%) over the past 800,000 years, requiring that O2 sinks were ~2% larger than sources. This decline is consistent with changes in burial and weathering fluxes of organic carbon and pyrite driven by either Neogene cooling or increasing Pleistocene erosion rates...
September 23, 2016: Science
Shilpa Babbar, Karen B Williams, Dev Maulik
The use of complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy is currently on the rise. A validated survey was conducted at the Central Association of Obstetrician and Gynecologists annual meeting to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of general obstetricians and gynecologists and maternal-fetal medicine specialists in America. We obtained 128 responses: 73 electronically (57%) and 55 via the paper survey (43%). Forty-five percent reported personally using complementary and alternative medicine and 9% of women respondents used complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Jennifer Regan, Alayna L Park, Bruce F Chorpita
Codifying a complex treatment intervention into a manual necessarily involves simplifying procedures, possibly resulting in developer and expert adaptations that align with but are not fully consistent with the manualized content. This study evaluated the integrity of an evidence-based treatment to two information sources (i.e., an expert consultant and the treatment manual) within youth community mental health settings. Consultant recommendations were compared with manual-prescribed therapy procedures, which identified instances of agreement between the sources as well as consultant adaptations...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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