keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

disagreeableness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328120/a-qualitative-study-of-adolescents-understanding-of-biobanks-and-their-attitudes-toward-participation-re-contact-and-data-sharing
#1
Andrea M Murad, Melanie F Myers, Susan D Thompson, Rachel Fisher, Armand H Matheny Antommaria
While biobanks have become more prevalent, little is known about adolescents' views of key governance issues. We conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents between 15 and 17 years old to solicit their views. All interviews were audiotaped and transcribed. Two investigators coded the transcripts and resolved any discrepancies through consensus. We conducted 18 interviews before reaching data saturation. Four participants (22%) had previously heard of a biobank. Many participants had misunderstandings about biobanks, some of which persisted after education...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327254/moving-forward-with-interdisciplinary-research-on-attractiveness-related-biases
#2
Dario Maestripieri, Andrea Henry, Nora Nickels
In our response, we review and address the comments on our target article made in the 25 commentaries. First, we review and discuss the commentaries that recognized the value of our approach, accepted the main premises and conclusions of our target article, and suggested further avenues for research on attractiveness-related biases. We then respond to commentators who either misinterpreted some parts of our target article or made statements with which we disagree. These commentaries provided us with an opportunity to clarify some aspects of our target article, for example, the fact that we address both the functional significance of attractiveness-related biases and their underlying mechanisms...
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327222/accuracy-bias-self-fulfilling-prophecies-and-scientific-self-correction
#3
Lee Jussim
In my Précis of Social Perception and Social Reality (Jussim 2012, henceforth abbreviated as SPSR), I argued that the social science scholarship on social perception and interpersonal expectancies was characterized by a tripartite pattern: (1) Errors, biases, and self-fulfilling prophecies in person perception were generally weak, fragile, and fleeting; (2) Social perceptions were often quite accurate; and (3) Conclusions appearing throughout the social psychology scientific literature routinely overstated the power and pervasiveness of expectancy effects, and ignored evidence of accuracy...
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326548/comparing-two-methods-agreeing-to-disagree
#4
S W Choi, D M H Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325947/spin-relaxation-dynamics-of-holes-in-intrinsic-gaas-quantum-wells-studied-by-transient-circular-dichromatic-absorption-spectroscopy-at-room-temperature
#5
Shaoyin Fang, Ruidan Zhu, Tianshu Lai
Spin relaxation dynamics of holes in intrinsic GaAs quantum wells is studied using time-resolved circular dichromatic absorption spectroscopy at room temperature. It is found that ultrafast dynamics is dominated by the cooperative contributions of band filling and many-body effects. The relative contribution of the two effects is opposite in strength for electrons and holes. As a result, transient circular dichromatic differential transmission (TCD-DT) with co- and cross-circularly polarized pump and probe presents different strength at several picosecond delay time...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322879/the-association-between-beliefs-about-vitamin-d-and-skin-cancer-risk-related-behaviors
#6
Dawn M Holman, Zahava Berkowitz, Gery P Guy, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford, Elliot J Coups
Major health organizations recommend obtaining most of one's vitamin D through dietary sources rather than from sun exposure, given the link between sun exposure and increased skin cancer risk. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between beliefs about vitamin D and skin cancer risk-related behaviors, a topic on which research is limited. We analyzed cross-sectional online survey data collected in the summer of 2015 from 4127U.S. adults aged 18years and older. Overall, 19.7% of adults believed that sun protection would put them at risk of not getting enough vitamin D...
March 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321138/student-preparation-for-pgy1-residency-training-by-us-colleges-of-pharmacy-survey-of-the-residency-program-director-perspective
#7
Alyssa B Mutz, Jacob Beyer, Whitney L Dickson, Irina Gutman, Filiz Yucebay, Marcie Lepkowsky, Juliana Chan, Kristen Carter, Christopher L Shaffer, Patrick D Fuller
Purpose: To evaluate current residents' level of preparation by US colleges of pharmacy for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residency training from the perspective of residency program directors (RPDs). Methods: RPDs were asked in an electronic survey questionnaire to rate PGY1 pharmacy residents' abilities in 4 domains: communication, clinical knowledge, interpersonal/time-management skills, and professionalism/leadership. Results: One hundred ninety-seven RPDs of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)-accredited PGY1 programs completed the survey...
February 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317097/engagement-in-advance-care-planning-and-surrogates-knowledge-of-patients-treatment-goals
#8
Terri R Fried, Maria Zenoni, Lynne Iannone, John O'Leary, Brenda T Fenton
OBJECTIVES: A key objective of advance care planning (ACP) is improving surrogates' knowledge of patients' treatment goals. Little is known about whether ACP outside of a trial accomplishes this. The objective was to examine patient and surrogate reports of ACP engagement and associations with surrogate knowledge of goals. DESIGN: Cohort study SETTING: Primary care in a Veterans Affairs Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: 350 community-dwelling veterans age ≥55 years and the individual they would choose to make medical decisions on their behalf, interviewed separately...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306284/reversible-heating-in-electric-double-layer-capacitors
#9
Mathijs Janssen, René van Roij
A detailed comparison is made between different viewpoints on reversible heating in electric double layer capacitors. We show in the limit of slow charging that a combined Poisson-Nernst-Planck and heat equation, first studied by d'Entremont and Pilon [J. Power Sources 246, 887 (2014)JPSODZ0378-775310.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.08.024], recovers the temperature changes as predicted by the thermodynamic identity of Janssen et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 268501 (2014)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.113.268501], and disagrees with the approximative model of Schiffer et al...
March 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303979/determination-of-attitude-and-knowledge-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-towards-insulin-therapy-in-northern-cyprus
#10
Umran Dal Yilmaz, Sule Tarhan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the attitude and knowledge of type-2 diabetics related to insulin therapy. METHODS: The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2014 at the Dr. Burhan Nalbantoglu Public Hospital, Nicosia in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, and comprised patients with type-2 diabetes. The Likert scale was used to score participants' response to questions using the following scoring system: 0 (disagree), 1 (neutral) and 2 (agree)...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303062/perception-and-attitude-of-medical-doctors-in-dhaka-bangladesh-with-regard-to-ayurvedic-medicine
#11
Yoshitoku Yoshida, Md Abdul Alim, Zakia Alam, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Yasuko Yoshida, Shahabuddin Manikdrs
The World Health Organization (WHO) Traditional Medicine Strategy (2014-2023) aimed to help member states promote the safe and effective use of traditional medicine. While economic conditions have markedly improved in Bangladesh, the country is experiencing significant public health problems. Because of limited medical resources, there is a strong incentive to enhance complementary and alternative medicine usage in Bangladesh. Therefore, this study aimed to confirm the perceptions and attitudes of medical doctors (MDs) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with regard to Ayurvedic medicine (AM)...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302341/communication-behaviors-and-patient-autonomy-in-hospital-care-a-qualitative-study
#12
Zackary D Berger, Emily F Boss, Mary Catherine Beach
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how hospitalized patients share decisions with physicians. METHODS: We conducted an observational study of patient-doctor communication on an inpatient medicine service among 18 hospitalized patients and 9 physicians. A research assistant (RA) approached newly hospitalized patients and their physicians before morning rounds and obtained consent. The RA audio recorded morning rounds, and then separately interviewed both patient and physician...
March 7, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301975/associations-between-teaching-effectiveness-and-participant-self-reflection-in-continuing-medical-education
#13
John T Ratelle, Sara L Bonnes, Amy T Wang, Saswati Mahapatra, Cathy D Schleck, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Karen F Mauck, Thomas J Beckman, Christopher M Wittich
Effective medical educators can engage learners through self-reflection. However, little is known about the relationships between teaching effectiveness and self-reflection in continuing medical education (CME). We aimed to determine associations between presenter teaching effectiveness and participant self-reflection in conference-based CME. This cross-sectional study evaluated presenters and participants at a national CME course. Participants provided CME teaching effectiveness (CMETE) ratings and self-reflection scores for each presentation...
March 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301699/coercion-and-access-to-health-care
#14
Keramet Reiter
In this issue of the Hastings Center Report, Paul Christopher and colleagues describe a study of why prisoners choose to enroll in clinical research. The article represents an important methodological and policy contribution to the literature on prisoner participation in research and medical experimentation. Given the methodological and ethical debates to which this research seeks to make an empirical contribution, the careful manner in which the study was conducted and the transparency with which the authors describe the research is especially noteworthy...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300385/a-benchmarking-method-to-evaluate-the-accuracy-of-a-commercial-proton-monte-carlo-pencil-beam-scanning-treatment-planning-system
#15
Liyong Lin, Sheng Huang, Minglei Kang, Petri Hiltunen, Reynald Vanderstraeten, Jari Lindberg, Sami Siljamaki, Todd Wareing, Ian Davis, Allen Barnett, John McGhee, Charles B Simone, Timothy D Solberg, James E McDonough, Christopher Ainsley
AcurosPT is a Monte Carlo algorithm in the Eclipse 13.7 treatment planning system, which is designed to provide rapid and accurate dose calculations for proton therapy. Computational run-time in minimized by simplifying or eliminating less significant physics processes. In this article, the accuracy of AcurosPT was benchmarked against both measurement and an independent MC calculation, TOPAS. Such a method can be applied to any new MC calculation for the detection of potential inaccuracies. To validate multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) which affects primary beam broadening, single spot profiles in a Solidwater(®) phantom were compared for beams of five selected proton energies between AcurosPT, measurement and TOPAS...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300337/parents-knowledge-attitudes-behaviors-and-barriers-to-promoting-condom-use-among-their-adolescent-sons
#16
Worawan Tipwareerom, Linda Weglicki
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is increasing in Thai youth. Consequently, a school-based National Condom Strategy program was launched in 2015 to reduce the rate of HIV and sexually transmitted infections. We conducted in-depth interviews of 31 parents/adoptive guardians of high-school age Thai boys to explore parents' knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and barriers to promoting condom use and its role in preventing HIV/sexually transmitted infections. A descriptive phenomenological approach and thematic analysis was used...
March 16, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296579/perceived-impacts-of-the-affordable-care-act-perspectives-of-buprenorphine-prescribers
#17
Hannah K Knudsen, Jamie L Studts
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has been heralded as a major policy change that is expected to transform the delivery of substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Few studies have reported on the perceived impacts of ACA from the perspectives of SUD treatment providers, such as physicians who prescribe buprenorphine to patients with opioid use disorder. The present study describes buprenorphine prescribers' perceptions regarding impacts of the ACA on the delivery of buprenorphine and examines whether state-level approaches to implementing ACA are associated with its perceived impacts...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294387/ownership-dilemmas-the-case-of-finders-versus-landowners
#18
Peter DeScioli, Rachel Karpoff, Julian De Freitas
People sometimes disagree about who owns which objects, and these ownership dilemmas can lead to costly disputes. We investigate the cognitive mechanisms underlying people's judgments about finder versus landowner cases, in which a person finds an object on someone else's land. We test psychological hypotheses motivated directly by three major principles that govern these cases in the law. The results show that people are more likely to favor the finder when the object is in a public space compared to a private space...
March 14, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292816/leadership-training-in-a-family-medicine-residency-program-cross-sectional-quantitative-survey-to-inform-curriculum-development
#19
Erin Gallagher, Ainsley Moore, Inge Schabort
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current status of leadership training as perceived by family medicine residents to inform the development of a formal leadership curriculum. DESIGN: Cross-sectional quantitative survey. SETTING: Department of Family Medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont, in December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 152 first- and second-year family medicine residents. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Family medicine residents' attitudes toward leadership, perceived level of training in various leadership domains, and identified opportunities for leadership training...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288226/-quality-scale-for-preschool-spirometry-interpretation
#20
Francisca Gatto, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Ubilla, Hortensia Barrientos, Solange Caussade
Since 2007, there are international guidelines for implementation and interpretation of spirometry in preschool children. A percentage of these patients cannot obtain maneuvers that meet all eligibility criteria. The objective of this study was to develop a quality scale for interpreting these partially acceptable spirometry. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Delphi methodology was used, which allows to reach consensus among experts analyzing a defined problem. We invited to participate pediatric pneumologists dedicated to lung function and who participated actively in scientific specialty societies in Chile...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
keyword
keyword
43720
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"