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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822880/children-s-developing-metaethical-judgments
#1
Marco F H Schmidt, Ivan Gonzalez-Cabrera, Michael Tomasello
Human adults incline toward moral objectivism but may approach things more relativistically if different cultures are involved. In this study, 4-, 6-, and 9-year-old children (N=136) witnessed two parties who disagreed about moral matters: a normative judge (e.g., judging that it is wrong to do X) and an antinormative judge (e.g., judging that it is okay to do X). We assessed children's metaethical judgment, that is, whether they judged that only one party (objectivism) or both parties (relativism) could be right...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822731/multidisciplinary-management-of-patients-with-coexisting-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-spondyloarthritis-a-delphi-consensus-among-italian-experts
#2
Alessandro Armuzzi, Carla Felice, Ennio Lubrano, Fabrizio Cantini, Fabiana Castiglione, Paolo Gionchetti, Ambrogio Orlando, Carlo Salvarani, Raffaele Scarpa, Antonio Marchesoni, Maurizio Vecchi, Ignazio Olivieri
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients with coexisting spondyloarthritis (SpA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often requires multidisciplinary collaboration between gastroenterologists and rheumatologists. AIM: To describe the results of the first Delphi consensus to define shared therapeutic strategies for the best management of patients with coexisting SpA and IBD. METHODS: A scientific steering committee of 10 Italian experts in the field of SpA and IBD developed 27 statements on 5 possible clinical scenarios and selected 40 specialists from across Italy, both gastroenterologists and rheumatologists, to vote them using a Delphi method...
June 23, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820760/theory-driven-integrative-process-outcome-evaluation-of-a-concept-based-nursing-curriculum
#3
Rosemary F Fromer
The study aim was to evaluate the effects of concept-based learning by comparing ATI Nursing Education test scores for a traditional curriculum and a concept-based curriculum. The study also examined effects of the concept-based curriculum on critical thinking and motivation. No statistically significant differences were noted in ATI scores for the two groups; students neither agreed nor disagreed that they were engaged in critical thinking but did agree with motivation statements. Faculty were surveyed about their approach to teaching...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819648/response-to-comment-on-how-will-induced-seismicity-in-oklahoma-respond-to-decreased-saltwater-injection-rates
#4
Cornelius Langenbruch, Mark D Zoback
Goebel et al. question our forecasted response of induced seismicity to reduction of saltwater injection rates in north-central Oklahoma and raise the concern that "the probability of future damaging earthquakes may be underestimated." We compare our prediction to earthquake data recorded in the 8 months after publication. Observed seismicity rates and magnitudes agree with the forecast of our model. Our use of a probabilistic model accounts for uncertainties and observed M ≥ 4.5 to date confirm the conservative nature of our prediction...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816501/problematic-gaming-exists-and-is-an-example-of-disordered-gaming
#5
Mark D Griffiths, Daria J Kuss, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Halley M Pontes
Background The recent paper by Aarseth et al. (2016) questioned whether problematic gaming should be considered a new disorder particularly because "Gaming Disorder" (GD) has been identified as a disorder to be included in the next (11th) revision of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Methods This study uses contemporary literature to argue why GD should be included in the ICD-11. Results Aarseth and colleagues acknowledge that there is much literature (including papers by some of the authors themselves) that some individuals experience serious problems with video gaming...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816068/survey-of-diplomates-of-the-american-board-of-veterinary-toxicology-regarding-perceptions-of-the-value-of-this-certification
#6
David C Dorman, April A Kedrowicz
An anonymous, online questionnaire was sent to active diplomates of the American Board of Veterinary Toxicology (DABVTs; n = 95) to determine the attitudes of veterinary toxicologists toward their ABVT certification and the adequacy of the training programs in this discipline. We gathered information related to demographics, educational and work history, and other specialty board membership. Ten questions sought the respondent's opinion related to the economic value of the specialty, whether workforce shortages for DABVT exist, and whether DABVTs should complete a residency or graduate program...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814839/acceptance-and-usability-of-a-home-based-monitoring-tool-of-health-indicators-in-children-of-people-with-dementia-a-proof-of-principle-pop-study
#7
April Bcg Boessen, Joan Vermeulen, Luc P de Witte
BACKGROUND: Large-scale cohort studies are needed to confirm the relation between dementia and its possible risk factors. The inclusion of people with dementia in research is a challenge, however, children of people with dementia are at risk and are highly motivated to participate in dementia research. For technologies to support home-based data collection during large-scale studies, participants should be able and willing to use technology for a longer period of time. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated acceptance and usability of iVitality, a research platform for home-based monitoring of dementia health indicators, in 151 children of people with dementia and investigated which frequency of measurements is acceptable for them...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814811/the-3-d-structure-of-the-somma-vesuvius-volcanic-complex-italy-inferred-from-new-and-historic-gravimetric-data
#8
Niklas Linde, Tullio Ricci, Ludovic Baron, Alexis Shakas, Giovanna Berrino
Existing 3-D density models of the Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex (SVVC), Italy, largely disagree. Despite the scientific and socioeconomic importance of Vesuvius, there is no reliable 3-D density model of the SVVC. A considerable uncertainty prevails concerning the presence (or absence) of a dense body underlying the Vesuvius crater (1944 eruption) that is implied from extensive seismic investigations. We have acquired relative gravity measurements at 297 stations, including measurements in difficult-to-access areas (e...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812538/development-of-pathogenicity-predictors-specific-for-variants-that-do-not-comply-with-clinical-guidelines-for-the-use-of-computational-evidence
#9
Elena Álvarez de la Campa, Natàlia Padilla, Xavier de la Cruz
BACKGROUND: Strict guidelines delimit the use of computational information in the clinical setting, due to the still moderate accuracy of in silico tools. These guidelines indicate that several tools should always be used and that full coincidence between them is required if we want to consider their results as supporting evidence in medical decision processes. Application of this simple rule certainly decreases the error rate of in silico pathogenicity assignments. However, when predictors disagree this rule results in the rejection of potentially valuable information for a number of variants...
August 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812535/associating-mutations-causing-cystinuria-with-disease-severity-with-the-aim-of-providing-precision-medicine
#10
Henry J Martell, Kathie A Wong, Juan F Martin, Ziyan Kassam, Kay Thomas, Mark N Wass
BACKGROUND: Cystinuria is an inherited disease that results in the formation of cystine stones in the kidney, which can have serious health complications. Two genes (SLC7A9 and SLC3A1) that form an amino acid transporter are known to be responsible for the disease. Variants that cause the disease disrupt amino acid transport across the cell membrane, leading to the build-up of relatively insoluble cystine, resulting in formation of stones. Assessing the effects of each mutation is critical in order to provide tailored treatment options for patients...
August 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810958/multispecialty-synchronous-telehealth-utilization-and-patient-satisfaction-within-regional-health-command-europe-a-readiness-and-recapture-system-for-health
#11
Kirk H Waibel, Steven M Cain, Todd E Hall, Ronald S Keen
BACKGROUND: Telehealth implementation within the Military Healthcare System continues to advance toward the goal of a mature regional health platform; however, specialty-specific usage or patient satisfaction regarding synchronous or "real-time" telehealth at the regional military hospital level has not been described. METHODS: A retrospective review of synchronous telehealth encounters and patient satisfaction surveys from Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) specialty clinics engaging in synchronous telehealth to regional Army Health Clinics (AHCs) during 2015 was conducted...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806979/breath-giving-cooperation-critical-review-of-origin-of-mitochondria-hypotheses-major-unanswered-questions-point-to-the-importance-of-early-ecology
#12
REVIEW
István Zachar, Eörs Szathmáry
The origin of mitochondria is a unique and hard evolutionary problem, embedded within the origin of eukaryotes. The puzzle is challenging due to the egalitarian nature of the transition where lower-level units took over energy metabolism. Contending theories widely disagree on ancestral partners, initial conditions and unfolding of events. There are many open questions but there is no comparative examination of hypotheses. We have specified twelve questions about the observable facts and hidden processes leading to the establishment of the endosymbiont that a valid hypothesis must address...
August 14, 2017: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805356/immersion-medicine-programme-for-secondary-students
#13
Paras S Minhas, Nathan Kim, Jayson Myers, Wendy Caceres, Marina Martin, Baldeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Although the proportion of ethnicities representing under-represented minorities in medicine (URM) in the general population has significantly increased, URM enrolment in medical schools within the USA has remained stagnant in recent years. METHODS: This study sought to examine the effect of an immersion in community medicine (ICM) programme on secondary school students' desire to enter the field of medicine and serve their communities. The authors asked all 69 ICM alumni to complete a 14-question survey consisting of six demographic, four programme and four career questions, rated on a Likert scale of 1 (completely disagree) to 5 (completely agree), coupled with optional free-text questions...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802868/development-and-implementation-of-an-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-program-for-emergency-nurses
#14
Courtney Edwards, Jodi Jones
PROBLEM: Emergency medical care often necessitates placement of peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheters. When traditional methods for obtaining PIV access are not successful, ultrasound guidance is a rescue technique for peripheral vascular placement that improves the quality of patient care. METHODS: The aim of this training program was to develop a process where emergency nurses would be competent to perform ultrasound guided PIV to improve the quality of patient care delivered while reducing throughput time...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802455/from-control-to-causation-validating-a-complex-systems-model-of-running-related-injury-development-and-prevention
#15
A Hulme, P M Salmon, R O Nielsen, G J M Read, C F Finch
INTRODUCTION: There is a need for an ecological and complex systems approach for better understanding the development and prevention of running-related injury (RRI). In a previous article, we proposed a prototype model of the Australian recreational distance running system which was based on the Systems Theoretic Accident Mapping and Processes (STAMP) method. That model included the influence of political, organisational, managerial, and sociocultural determinants alongside individual-level factors in relation to RRI development...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801485/identifying-discordance-between-senior-physicians-and-trainees-on-the-root-cause-of-ed-revisits
#16
Michael P Goldman, Michael C Monuteaux, Catherine Perron, Richard G Bachur
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of 72-hour ED revisits is a common emergency medicine quality assurance (QA) practice. Our aim was to compare the perceived root cause for 72-hour ED revisits between senior physicians (attendings) and trainees. We proposed that discordance in perception of why the revisit occurred would guide improvements in 72-hour revisits QA and elucidate innovative educational opportunities. METHODS: Questionnaire-based observational study conducted in an urban academic paediatric ED...
August 11, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801399/a-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-evaluating-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-computer-based-tool-to-identify-and-reduce-harmful-and-hazardous-drinking-among-adolescents-with-alcohol-related-presentations-in-canadian-pediatric-emergency-departments
#17
Amanda S Newton, Nadia Dow, Kathryn Dong, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, T Cameron Wild, David W Johnson, Samina Ali, Ian Colman, Rhonda J Rosychuk
OBJECTIVE: This study piloted procedures and obtained data on intervention acceptability to determine the feasibility of a definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) of the effectiveness of a computer-based brief intervention in the emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Two-arm, multi-site, pilot RCT. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 12-17 years presenting to three Canadian pediatric EDs from July 2010 to January 2013 for an alcohol-related complaint...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797097/detection-of-communities-with-naming-game-based-methods
#18
Thais Gobet Uzun, Carlos Henrique Costa Ribeiro
Complex networks are often organized in groups or communities of agents that share the same features and/or functions, and this structural organization is built naturally with the formation of the system. In social networks, we argue that the dynamic of linguistic interactions of agreement among people can be a crucial factor in generating this community structure, given that sharing opinions with another person bounds them together, and disagreeing constantly would probably weaken the relationship. We present here a computational model of opinion exchange that uncovers the community structure of a network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796800/the-temporal-dynamics-of-the-tracheal-microbiome-in-tracheostomised-patients-with-and-without-lower-respiratory-infections
#19
Marcos Pérez-Losada, Robert J Graham, Madeline Coquillette, Amenah Jafarey, Eduardo Castro-Nallar, Manuel Aira, Robert J Freishtat, Jonathan M Mansbach
BACKGROUND: Airway microbiota dynamics during lower respiratory infection (LRI) are still poorly understood due, in part, to insufficient longitudinal studies and lack of uncontaminated lower airways samples. Furthermore, the similarity between upper and lower airway microbiomes is still under debate. Here we compare the diversity and temporal dynamics of microbiotas directly sampled from the trachea via tracheostomy in patients with (YLRI) and without (NLRI) lower respiratory infections...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794443/structure-of-the-magnetic-excitations-in-the-spin-1-2-triangular-lattice-heisenberg-antiferromagnet-ba3cosb2o9
#20
Saya Ito, Nobuyuki Kurita, Hidekazu Tanaka, Seiko Ohira-Kawamura, Kenji Nakajima, Shinichi Itoh, Keitaro Kuwahara, Kazuhisa Kakurai
A spin-1/2 triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet (TLHAF) is a prototypical frustrated quantum magnet, which exhibits remarkable quantum many-body effects that arise from the synergy between spin frustration and quantum fluctuation. The ground-state properties of a spin-1/2 TLHAF are theoretically well understood. However, the theoretical consensus regarding the magnetic excitations is limited. The experimental study of the magnetic excitations in spin-1/2 TLHAFs has also been limited. Here we show the structure of magnetic excitations in the spin-1/2 TLHAF Ba3CoSb2O9 investigated by inelastic neutron scattering...
August 10, 2017: Nature Communications
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