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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051123/knowledge-behavior-and-attitudes-of-dental-practitioners-towards-photodynamic-therapy-use-in-dental-practice
#1
Fahim Vohra, Ishfaq A Bukhari, Saeed A Sheikh, Refal Albaijan, Abdul Hakeem Qureshi, Zaeem Arif, Zohaib Akram
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess knowledge, behavior and attitudes of dental practitioners (DPs) towards photodynamic therapy (PDT) in dental clinical practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed and a 13-item survey questionnaire was given to DPs practicing in 13 different teaching hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. Questions were aimed at exploring the knowledge of DPs regarding PDT and their attitude towards PDT and perceptions that may influence clinical practices...
October 16, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049474/virtual-surgery-for-the-nasal-airway-a-preliminary-report-on-decision-support-and-technology-acceptance
#2
Derek L Vanhille, Guilherme J M Garcia, Onur Asan, Azadeh A T Borojeni, Dennis O Frank-Ito, Julia S Kimbell, Sachin S Pawar, John S Rhee
Importance: Nasal airway obstruction (NAO) is a common problem that affects patient quality of life. Surgical success for NAO correction is variable. Virtual surgery planning via computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has the potential to improve the success rates of NAO surgery. Objective: To elicit surgeon feedback of a virtual surgery planning tool for NAO and to determine if this tool affects surgeon decision making. Design, Setting, and Participants: For this cross-sectional study, 60-minute face-to-face interviews with board-certified otolaryngologists were conducted at a single academic otolaryngology department from September 16, 2016, through October 7, 2016...
October 12, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045499/obstetric-and-psychological-characteristics-of-women-choosing-epidural-analgesia-during-labour-a-cohort-study
#3
Vasilis Sitras, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Malin Eberhard-Gran
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the obstetric and psychological characteristics of women who opt to use epidural analgesia (EDA) during labour and the impact of participating in labour preparation courses on women's decisions to use EDA. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Akershus University Hospital, Norway. POPULATION: 2596 women with singleton pregnancies and intended vaginal delivery. METHODS: Data were collected using two self-completed questionnaires at pregnancy weeks 17 and 32...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044105/late-holocene-slowdown-of-the-indian-ocean-walker-circulation
#4
Mahyar Mohtadi, Matthias Prange, Enno Schefuß, Tim C Jennerjahn
Changes in tropical zonal atmospheric (Walker) circulation induce shifts in rainfall patterns along with devastating floods and severe droughts that dramatically impact the lives of millions of people. Historical records and observations of the Walker circulation over the 20th century disagree on the sign of change and therefore, longer climate records are necessary to better project tropical circulation changes in response to global warming. Here we examine proxies for thermocline depth and rainfall in the eastern tropical Indian Ocean during the globally colder Last Glacial Maximum (19-23 thousand years ago) and for the past 3000 years...
October 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042867/the-impact-of-an-educational-intervention-on-parents-decisions-to-vaccinate-their-60-month-old-children-against-influenza
#5
Aery Choi, Dong Ho Kim, Yun Kyung Kim, Byung Wook Eun, Dae Sun Jo
PURPOSE: Seasonal influenza can be prevented by vaccination. Disease prevention in children aged <60 months is of particular importance because of the associated familial and societal burden. Considering that caretakers make the decision to vaccinate their children, the identification of drivers and barriers to vaccination is essential to increase influenza vaccination coverage. METHODS: A total of 639 parents participated in the pre- and posteducational survey and 450 parents participated in the study via telephone interviews...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042343/systems-based-training-in-graduate-medical-education-for-service-learning-in-the-state-legislature-in-the-united-states-pilot-study
#6
Shikhar H Shah, Maureen D Clark, Kimberly Hu, Jalene A Shoener, Joshua Fogel, William C Kling, James Ronayne
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of advocacy training in graduate medical education in the United States. To address this void, the Legislative Education and Advocacy Development (LEAD) course was developed as an interprofessional experience, partnering a cohort of pediatrics residents, fourth-year medical students, and public health students to be trained in evidence-informed health policy making. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the usefulness and acceptability of a service-based legislative advocacy course...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037788/-primary-care-evaluation-of-the-hypertensive-patient-management-in-specialized-care-after-derivation-deriva-2-study
#7
Nieves Martell-Claros, Alberto Galgo Nafría, María Abad-Cardiel, Beatriz Álvarez-Álvarez, José Antonio García Donaire, Emilio Márquez-Contreras, Ángel Molino-González
INTRODUCTION: To know the opinion/evaluation of the primary care physicians (PCPH) of the received information about patients that were attended in specialized care (SC). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LOCATION: Performed nationwide in primary care centers. PARTICIPANTS: Researchers from the primary care network. METHODS: We used the SEH-LELHA derivation criteria guidelines, plus an ad hoc survey that included demographic and anthropometric data, blood pressure levels, and the main reason for derivation to SC at the baseline and final (post-derivation) visit...
October 13, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035251/how-well-can-we-quantify-dust-deposition-to-the-ocean
#8
R F Anderson, H Cheng, R L Edwards, M Q Fleisher, C T Hayes, K-F Huang, D Kadko, P J Lam, W M Landing, Y Lao, Y Lu, C I Measures, S B Moran, P L Morton, D C Ohnemus, L F Robinson, R U Shelley
Deposition of continental mineral aerosols (dust) in the Eastern Tropical North Atlantic Ocean, between the coast of Africa and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, was estimated using several strategies based on the measurement of aerosols, trace metals dissolved in seawater, particulate material filtered from the water column, particles collected by sediment traps and sediments. Most of the data used in this synthesis involve samples collected during US GEOTRACES expeditions in 2010 and 2011, although some results from the literature are also used...
November 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034835/taste-masking-approaches-for-medicines
#9
Waleed Faisal, Fatma Farag, Ahmed A H Abdellatif, Abdelhamid Abbas
Undesirable taste is an important problem for patient compliance. Several oral pharmaceuticals and bulking agents have disagreeable and bitter-tasting components. The Bitter taste characteristics found in such systems have been eliminated or minimized by the development of numerous formulations with improved performance and acceptability especially in children and elderly patient. This review is mainly concerned with the bitter-masking techniques published in peer-reviewed journals and will shed the light on different methods of masking undesirable taste of the drugs, and their pharmaceutical applications...
October 13, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033523/mothers-teething-beliefs-and-treatment-practices-in-mansoura-egypt
#10
Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Fawzia El Sayed Abusaad
OBJECTIVES: To reveal mothers' beliefs about signs and symptoms associated with teething and their treatment practices. POPULATION AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study done in Mansoura District on 457 mothers and their children with one or more erupted teeth. Mothers were interviewed during vaccination session at 25 chosen health facilities. Mothers were asked whether they agree or disagree about 24 signs and symptoms claimed to be associated with teething. RESULTS: Only 1...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030240/postoperative-myocardial-infarction-in-administrative-data-vs-clinical-registry-a-multi-institutional-study
#11
David A Etzioni, Cynthia Lessow, Liliana G Bordeianou, Hiroko Kunitake, Sarah E Deery, Evie Carchman, Christina M Papageorge, George Fuhrman, Rachel V Seiler, James Ogilvie, Elizabeth B Habermann, H Chang Yu-Hui, Samuel R Money
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented significant differences between administrative data and registry data in the determination of post-operative MI. The goal of this study is to characterize discordance between administrative and registry data in the determination of post-operative myocardial infarction (MI). STUDY DESIGN: This study was performed using data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) merged with administrative data from 8 different hospitals between 2013 and 2015...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028475/response-to-what-should-physicians-do-when-they-disagree-clinically-and-ethically-with-a-surrogate-s-wishes
#12
Petros Ioannou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028414/immunization-attitudes-and-practices-among-family-medicine-providers
#13
Cynthia A Bonville, Joseph B Domachowske, Donald A Cibula, Manika Suryadevara
OBJECTIVE: To describe immunization attitudes and practices among family medicine providers across New York State. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey study, family medicine providers across New York State completed a questionnaire to assess vaccine beliefs and barriers and immunization practices. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Descriptive statistical methods were used to define provider characteristics, knowledge and vaccine practices. RESULTS: Completed questionnaires from 226 family medicine providers were included for analysis...
October 13, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026375/sexual-risk-behavior-among-hiv-positive-persons-in-jamaica
#14
Butho Ncube, Jessica Ansong, Kewanna Daniels, Dianne Campbell-Stennett, Pauline E Jolly
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS remains a global public health challenge, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. Sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive persons place their partners at risk for HIV transmission and other sexually transmitted infections. Stopping transmission acts among HIV-positive people is crucial in reversing HIV incidence. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and predictors of sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive individuals in clinical care in Northwestern Jamaica...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023957/the-ethics-of-public-policy-rcts-the-principle-of-policy-equipoise
#15
Douglas MacKay
In this article, I ask whether a principle analogous to the principle of clinical equipoise should govern the design and conduct of RCTs evaluating the effectiveness of policy interventions. I answer this question affirmatively, and introduce and defend the principle of policy equipoise. According to this principle, all arms of a policy RCT must be, at minimum, in a state of equipoise with the best proven policy that is also morally and practically attainable and sustainable. For all arms of a policy RCT, policy experts must either (1) reasonably disagree about whether the trial arms are more effective than this policy, or (2) know that they are...
October 11, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022530/male-involvement-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-the-context-of-partner-testing-in-goba-town-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
M T Alemayehu, J Haidar
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is an entry point for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), particularly when a man accompanies his spouse for voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), even though this seldom happens in Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of male partners in improving PMTCT/ANC, which is essential to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission in this country. Our study focused on identifying barriers for the low involvement in PMTCT/ANC among male partners whose spouses received ANC...
September 22, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021179/bayesian-and-likelihood-phylogenetic-reconstructions-of-morphological-traits-are-not-discordant-when-taking-uncertainty-into-consideration-a-comment-on-puttick-et%C3%A2-al
#17
Joseph W Brown, Caroline Parins-Fukuchi, Gregory W Stull, Oscar M Vargas, Stephen A Smith
Puttick et al. (2017 Proc. R. Soc. B284, 20162290 (doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.2290)) performed a simulation study to compare accuracy among methods of inferring phylogeny from discrete morphological characters. They report that a Bayesian implementation of the Mk model (Lewis 2001 Syst. Biol.50, 913-925 (doi:10.1080/106351501753462876)) was most accurate (but with low resolution), while a maximum-likelihood (ML) implementation of the same model was least accurate. They conclude by strongly advocating that Bayesian implementations of the Mk model should be the default method of analysis for such data...
October 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020864/end-of-life-care-a-qualitative-study-comparing-the-views-of-people-with-dementia-and-family-carers
#18
Marie Poole, Claire Bamford, Emma McLellan, Richard P Lee, Catherine Exley, Julian C Hughes, Karen Harrison-Dening, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: In recent years, UK policy has increasingly recognised the importance of end-of-life care in dementia. While professional consensus on optimal palliative care in dementia has been reported, little is known about the perspectives of people with dementia and family carers. AIM: To compare the views of people with dementia and family carers of people with dementia (current and recently bereaved) on optimal end-of-life care. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews (32) and a focus group were conducted...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020463/the-role-of-human-rhinovirus-hrv-species-on-asthma-exacerbation-severity-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
Katrina A Lambert, Luke A Prendergast, Shyamali C Dharmage, Mimi Tang, Molly O'Sullivan, Thomas Tran, Julian Druce, Philip Bardin, Michael J Abramson, Bircan Erbas
OBJECTIVE: It is recognized that human rhinovirus (HRV) infection is an important factor in asthma exacerbations requiring hospitalization in children. However, previous studies have disagreed on the differential impact of various HRV species. We sought to assess the impact of HRV species on the severity of asthma exacerbations in children and adolescents. We also examined whether the effect of HRV species on severity was modified by age and gender. METHODS: Virus strain was determined for 113 children with HRV detectable at the time of admission for asthma exacerbation...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018178/attitudes-of-paediatric-and-obstetric-specialists-towards-prenatal-surgery-for-lethal-and-non-lethal-conditions
#20
Ryan M Antiel, Farr A Curlin, John D Lantos, Christopher A Collura, Alan W Flake, Mark P Johnson, Natalie E Rintoul, Stephen D Brown, Chris Feudtner
BACKGROUND: While prenatal surgery historically was performed exclusively for lethal conditions, today intrauterine surgery is also performed to decrease postnatal disabilities for non-lethal conditions. We sought to describe physicians' attitudes about prenatal surgery for lethal and non-lethal conditions and to elucidate characteristics associated with these attitudes. METHODS: Survey of 1200 paediatric surgeons, neonatologists and maternal-fetal medicine specialists (MFMs)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
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