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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244207/information-about-expert-decision-and-post-decision-distortion-of-facts-of-own-decision
#1
Ola Svenson, Nichel Gonzalez, Amina Memon, Torun Lindholm
Cognitive representations of decision problems are dynamic. During and after a decision, evaluations and representations of facts change to support the decision made by a decision maker her- or himself (Svenson, 2003). We investigated post-decision distortion of facts (consolidation). Participants were given vignettes with facts about two terminally ill patients, only one of whom could be given lifesaving surgery. In Study 1, contrary to the prediction, the results showed that facts were distorted after a decision both by participants who were responsible for the decisions themselves and when doctors had made the decision...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243254/graduating-otolaryngology-resident-preparedness-for-fellowship-as-assessed-by-fellowship-faculty
#2
Julie Highland, Cristina Cabrera-Muffly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate fellowship program directors' perceptions of incoming clinical fellows' preparedness for subspecialty training and to thereby identify strengths and shortcomings in otolaryngology training programs' ability to prepare residents for fellowship. STUDY DESIGN: Validated e-mail survey. METHODS: Two hundred eleven otolaryngology subspecialty fellowship program directors and faculty directly involved with training fellows were contacted...
December 15, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243104/skepticism-regarding-vaccine-and-gluten-free-food-safety-among-patients-with-celiac-disease-and-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity
#3
Loren G Rabinowitz, Haley M Zylberberg, Alan Levinovitz, Melissa S Stockwell, Peter H R Green, Benjamin Lebwohl
BACKGROUND: There has been a marked increase in the adoption of the gluten-free (GF) diet. AIMS: To query individuals with celiac disease (CD) and non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) on their beliefs toward the health effects of gluten, and safety of vaccines and GF food products. METHODS: We distributed a Web-based survey to individuals with CD and NCGS on a CD center e-mail list. We used univariate and multivariate analysis to compare responses of respondents with CD and NCGS...
December 14, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240411/singlet-fission-involves-an-interplay-between-energetic-driving-force-and-electronic-coupling-in-perylenediimide-films
#4
Aaron K Le, Jon A Bender, Dylan H Arias, Daniel E Cotton, Justin C Johnson, Sean T Roberts
Due to its ability to offset thermalization losses in photoharvesting systems, singlet fission has become a topic of research interest. During singlet fission, a high energy spin-singlet state in an organic semiconductor divides its energy to form two lower energy spin-triplet excitations on neighboring chromophores. While key insights into mechanisms leading to singlet fission have been gained recently, developing photostable compounds that undergo quantitative singlet fission remains a key challenge. In this report, we explore triplet exciton production via singlet fission in films of perylenediimides, a class of compounds with a long history of use as industrial dyes and pigments due to their photostability...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240077/clinically-impactful-differences-in-variant-interpretation-between-clinicians-and-testing-laboratories-a-single-center-experience
#5
Austin Bland, Elizabeth A Harrington, Kyla Dunn, Mitchel Pariani, Julia C K Platt, Megan E Grove, Colleen Caleshu
PurposeTo describe the frequency and nature of differences in variant classifications between clinicians and genetic testing laboratories.MethodsRetrospective review of variants identified through genetic testing ordered in routine clinical care by clinicians in the Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease. We compared classifications made by clinicians, the testing laboratory, and other laboratories in ClinVar.ResultsOf 688 laboratory classifications, 124 (18%) differed from the clinicians' classifications...
December 14, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233442/preparing-students-for-residency-interviews-through-a-residency-interview-boot-camp
#6
Timothy R Ulbrich, Jaclyn A Boyle
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the offering of the residency boot camp activity at one college of pharmacy for students in their fourth professional year. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Student pharmacists in their final professional year of pharmacy school were invited to participate in a voluntary residency boot camp activity. Originally, the activity consisted of four parts: (1) guidance on preparing for residency interviews; (2) a 1:1 mock interview with a resident, faculty member, residency preceptor or area program director; (3) a review of the student's curriculum vitae (CV) and letter of intent; and (4) a review of the application timeline and process...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233416/implementing-and-sustaining-a-mentorship-program-at-a-college-of-pharmacy-the-keys-to-successful-mentorship
#7
Joshua N Raub, Anna Fiorvento, Taylor M Franckowiak, Trevor Wood, Justine S Gortney
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mentor and mentee opinions of The Keys to Successful Mentorship, a longitudinal student-led mentorship program established at a college of pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In 2008, a mentorship program was created whereby first year pharmacy students (mentees) were paired with third year pharmacy students (mentors). An anonymous survey was administered to second (P2) and fourth (P4) year pharmacy students identifying strengths and weaknesses of the program...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233368/faculty-perception-of-team-based-learning-over-multiple-semesters
#8
Clark D Kebodeaux, Golden L Peters, Paul M Stranges, Jamie L Woodyard, Scott Martin Vouri
INTRODUCTION: Perspectives from faculty regarding team-based learning (TBL) are not well understood. Previous studies describe faculty preference for TBL due to increased student interaction despite requiring increased time for design. The perception of changes in faculty workload over multiple semesters has not been measured. This research evaluates faculty workload and perceived student engagement after implementing TBL in a required non-prescription medication course over multiple semesters...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233308/evaluation-of-students-perceptions-of-the-socrative-application-versus-a-traditional-student-response-system-and-its-impact-on-classroom-engagement
#9
Anthony J Guarascio, Branden D Nemecek, David E Zimmerman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Student response systems (SRSs) or "clickers" are common tools that lecturers can implement into didactic lectures. Socrative is a convenient and free SRS application that can be downloaded on personal handheld devices and used by faculty and students. It is unknown if students prefer using this application and what advantages or disadvantages can be seen with Socrative's use. PURPOSE: To measure student preference of standard SRS methods compared to Socrative as well as the impact of Socrative use on student engagement during delivery of clinical pharmacy instruction EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Standard SRS and Socrative incorporated lectures were presented to students during an infectious disease module...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233274/students-perceptions-of-and-amount-of-diabetes-education-in-canadian-schools-of-pharmacy
#10
Kerry Mansell, Holly Mansell, Wendell Neubeker, Haley Drake
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of diabetes content taught at Canadian schools of pharmacy, and students' perceptions of diabetes education. METHODS: Between September 23 and October 23, 2015, faculty members at each pharmacy school were asked to provide the amount of didactic, interactive, and elective hours devoted to diabetes education. These faculty members subsequently emailed an electronic web-survey to all fourth year pharmacy students to ascertain their perceptions of the amount of diabetes-related material they received and comfort level pertaining to diabetes education...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233272/stakeholders-perceptions-on-competency-and-assessment-program-of-entry-level-pharmacists-in-developing-countries
#11
Isaac Asante, Irene Andoh, Arno M M Muijtjens, Jeroen Donkers
OBJECTIVES: To assess the stakeholders' perceptions on the competency of entry-level pharmacists and the use of written licensure examination as the primary assessment for licensure decisions on entry-level pharmacists who have completed the Pharmacy Internship Program1 (PIP) in developing countries. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among stakeholders in which they completed a web-based 21-item pre-tested questionnaire to determine their views regarding the competency outcomes and assessment program for entry-level pharmacist...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230806/comparing-the-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-parent-and-teacher-reported-oppositional-defiant-disorder-findings-from-a-national-sample
#12
James McNeilis, Barbara Maughan, Robert Goodman, Richard Rowe
BACKGROUND: Parents and teachers often disagree on the presence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in children. It has been argued that ODD should be treated as an informant-specific disorder. This study compared the characteristics of children identified with ODD by parent- and teacher report. METHODS: We used the 1999 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey, including more than 10,000 observations aged 5-15 years, to investigate symptom profiles, risk factors, comorbidities and three-year outcomes of parent- and teacher-reported ODD...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230069/value-based-standards-guide-sexism-inferences-for-self-and-others
#13
Chelsea Mitamura, Lynnsey Erickson, Patricia G Devine
People often disagree about what constitutes sexism, and these disagreements can be both socially and legally consequential. It is unclear, however, why or how people come to different conclusions about whether something or someone is sexist. Previous research on judgments about sexism has focused on the perceiver's gender and attitudes, but neither of these variables identifies comparative standards that people use to determine whether any given behavior (or person) is sexist. Extending Devine and colleagues' values framework (Devine, Monteith, Zuwerink, & Elliot, 1991; Plant & Devine, 1998), we argue that, when evaluating others' behavior, perceivers rely on the morally-prescriptive values that guide their own behavior toward women...
September 2017: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217454/patient-related-barriers-to-rigid-gas-permeable-rgp-lens-wear-among-keratoconus-patients-in-jordan
#14
May M Bakkar, Mera F Haddad, Mohammad Al Qadire
PURPOSE: To assess potential patient-related barriers to rigid gas permeable (RGP) lens wear for vision rehabilitation in a sample of keratoconus (KC) patients in Jordan. METHODS: Barriers for RGP contact lens wear among KC patients were discussed and specified by a focus group which consisted of five optometrists who are involved in contact lens practice. The focus group addressed potential barriers for RGP lens wear from the patient's perspective. The identified barriers were then used to design the final questionnaire used in the study...
December 4, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216336/managing-diabetic-kidney-disease
#15
Sagen Zac-Varghese, Peter Winocour
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review covers the pillars of care essential for the management of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) including (1) early diagnosis, (2) improved glycaemic control, (3) treatment of hypertension, (4) identification and treatment of associated metabolic bone disease and (5) identification and effective management of dyslipidaemia and additional cardiovascular risk factors. Sources of data: We searched PubMed for articles using search terms: diabetic nephropathy, diabetic kidney disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease...
December 5, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214683/queer-reproduction-revisited-and-why-race-class-and-citizenship-still-matters-a-response-to-cristina-richie
#16
Doris Leibetseder
In the dialogue between Timothy F. Murphy and Cristina Richie about queer bioethics and queer reproduction in this journal, significant points of the emergent and extremely important discussions on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) and queer bioethics are raised. Richie specifies correctly that queer bioethics can either complement or contradict LGBT bioethics and the queer standpoint against heteroconformity and heterofuturity is decisive here. As the field of queer bioethics is such a recent and essential part of consideration for bioethics and as it is still evolving, the objective of this intervention is to provide both an overview of important milestones of queer bioethics and to highlight that queer bioethics is not mono-logic and monolithic...
December 7, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214421/interpreting-activation-mapping-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-hybrid-computational-physiological-study
#17
Francisco Sahli Costabal, Junaid A B Zaman, Ellen Kuhl, Sanjiv M Narayan
Atrial fibrillation is the most common rhythm disorder of the heart associated with a rapid and irregular beating of the upper chambers. Activation mapping remains the gold standard to diagnose and interpret atrial fibrillation. However, fibrillatory activation maps are highly sensitive to far-field effects, and often disagree with other optical mapping modalities. Here we show that computational modeling can identify spurious non-local components of atrial fibrillation electrograms and improve activation mapping...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214368/renal-pharmacists-perceptions-and-current-practices-of-assessing-medication-adherence-in-dialysis-patients
#18
Saurav Ghimire, Colin Banks, Matthew D Jose, Ronald L Castelino, Syed Tabish R Zaidi
Background Medication nonadherence is a major problem in chronic kidney failure patients undergoing dialysis. Pharmacists play a vital role in improving medication-related patient outcomes, reducing drug-related problems, and improving medication adherence. However, little is known about how pharmacists assess medication adherence in dialysis patients. Objective To measure pharmacists' perceptions, current practices, and barriers to assessing adherence in dialysis patients. Setting Australian renal-specialised pharmacists...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214207/what-is-the-role-of-the-film-viewer-the-effects-of-narrative-comprehension-and-viewing-task-on-gaze-control-in-film
#19
John P Hutson, Tim J Smith, Joseph P Magliano, Lester C Loschky
Film is ubiquitous, but the processes that guide viewers' attention while viewing film narratives are poorly understood. In fact, many film theorists and practitioners disagree on whether the film stimulus (bottom-up) or the viewer (top-down) is more important in determining how we watch movies. Reading research has shown a strong connection between eye movements and comprehension, and scene perception studies have shown strong effects of viewing tasks on eye movements, but such idiosyncratic top-down control of gaze in film would be anathema to the universal control mainstream filmmakers typically aim for...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210462/vocational-rehabilitation-for-enhancing-return-to-work-in-workers-with-traumatic-upper-limb-injuries
#20
REVIEW
Wen-Hsuan Hou, Ching-Chi Chi, Heng-Lien Lo, Yun-Yun Chou, Ken N Kuo, Hung-Yi Chuang
BACKGROUND: Traumatic upper limb injury is a leading cause of work-related disability. After return-to-work (RTW), many survivors of injuries are able to regain a quality of life (QoL) comparable with the normal population. Since RTW plays an important role in economic productivity and regaining health-related QoL, enhancing RTW in workers with traumatic limb injuries is the primary goal of rehabilitation. Vocational rehabilitation has been commonly employed in the field of occupational safety and health to increase the number of injured people returning to the labour market, prevent illness, increase well-being, and reduce disability...
December 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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