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Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Cenk Ural, Mustafa Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan, Ramazan Konkan
BACKGROUND: A possible relationship has been suggested between social anxiety and dissociation. Traumatic experiences, especially childhood abuse, play an important role in the aetiology of dissociation. AIM: This study assesses childhood trauma history, dissociative symptoms, and dissociative disorder comorbidity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: The 94 psychotropic drug-naive patients participating in the study had to meet DSM-IV criteria for SAD...
January 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Aliya R Webermann, Amie C Myrick, Christina L Taylor, Gregory S Chasson, Bethany L Brand
The present study investigates whether symptom severity can distinguish patients diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder and dissociative disorder not otherwise specified with a recent history of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide attempts from those patients without recent self-harm. A total of 241 clinicians reported on recent history of patient NSSI and suicide attempts. Of these clinicians' patients, 221 completed dissociative, depressive, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology measures...
2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Abdulkadir Tabo
This study assessed childhood trauma history, dissociative symptoms, and dissociative disorder comorbidity in patients with panic disorder (PD). A total of 92 psychotropic drug-naive patients with PD, recruited from outpatient clinics in the psychiatry department of a Turkish hospital, were involved in the study. Participants were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders (SCID-D), Dissociation Questionnaire, Panic and Agoraphobia Scale, Panic Disorder Severity Scale, and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
2015: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
A Steven Frankel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Ryan D Stadnik, Bethany Brand, Angela Savoca
Assessing patients with dissociative disorders (DD) using personality tests is difficult. On the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 ( J. N. Butcher, W. G. Dahlstrom, J. R. Graham, A. Tellegen, & B. Kaemmer, 1989 ), DD patients often obtain elevations on multiple clinical scales as well as on validity scales that were thought to indicate exaggeration yet have been shown to be elevated among traumatized individuals, including those with DD. No research has been conducted to determine how DD patients score on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; L...
2013: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Mark Zimmerman, Jennifer H Martinez, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Diane Young
BACKGROUND: Many patients have clinically significant symptoms of depression that do not meet the DSM-IV diagnostic thresholds for major depressive disorder (MDD) or dysthymic disorder. DSM-IV does not specify criteria for depressive disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS). While it is not surprising that research on subthreshold depression has used diverse criteria, some consensus has emerged to define minor depression analogous to MDD, though requiring fewer than the 5 symptoms required to diagnose MDD...
May 2013: Journal of Affective Disorders
Kristy L Dalrymple, Mark Zimmerman
Many individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) seek treatment principally for another psychiatric disorder, but when directly asked, a majority of these individuals also desire treatment for SAD. Several reasons may exist for why individuals with SAD do not seek treatment for it, such as the severity or functional impairment related to SAD. The aim of the current study was to examine factors related to SAD severity, impairment, and comorbidity, to gain a better understanding of what factors may be related to treatment-seeking for SAD...
May 30, 2011: Psychiatry Research
Frauke Rodewald, Claudia Wilhelm-Göling, Hinderk M Emrich, Luise Reddemann, Ursula Gast
The aim of this study was to investigate axis-I comorbidity in patients with dissociative identity disorder (DID) and dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS). Using the Diagnostic Interview for Psychiatric Disorders, results from patients with DID (n = 44) and DDNOS (n = 22) were compared with those of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (n = 13), other anxiety disorders (n = 14), depression (n = 17), and nonclinical controls (n = 30). No comorbid disorders were found in nonclinical controls...
February 2011: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Frauke Rodewald, Paul F Dell, Claudia Wilhelm-Gossling, Ursula Gast
A total of 66 patients with a major dissociative disorder, 54 patients with nondissociative disorders, and 30 nonclinical controls were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders-Revised, the Dissociative Experiences Scale, the Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation, and the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised. Dissociative patients reported significantly more dissociative and nondissociative symptoms than did nondissociative patients and nonclinical controls. When general psychopathology was controlled, the dissociation scores of dissociative patients were still significantly higher than those of both other groups, whereas the dissociation scores of nondissociative patients and nonclinical controls no longer differed...
2011: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Marilyn I Korzekwa, Paul F Dell, Paul S Links, Lehana Thabane, Philip Fougere
The objective of the present study was to assess in detail the whole spectrum of normal and pathological dissociative experiences and dissociative disorder (DD) diagnoses in borderline personality disorder (BPD) as diagnosed with the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines. Dissociation was measured comprehensively in 21 BPD outpatients using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders-Revised, the Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation (MID), the Dissociative Experiences Scale pathological taxon analysis, and the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire...
2009: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
L Brådvik, C Mattisson, M Bogren, P Nettelbladt
OBJECTIVE: The long-term suicide risk of depression was evaluated in a community sample by severity and gender. METHOD: The Lundby study is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study on a population consisting of 3563 subjects. In 1947-1997 medium or severe depression according to the Lundby diagnostic system were registered in 503 subjects. The same subjects were also diagnosed according to DSM-IV showing major depressive disorder (MDD) in 293 and depressive disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS) in 131 subjects...
March 2008: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Vedat Sar, Gamze Akyüz, Orhan Doğan
This study sought to determine the prevalence of dissociative disorders among women in the general population, as assessed in a representative sample of a city in central Turkey. The Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule (DDIS), the Borderline Personality Disorder section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders (SCID-II), and the PTSD-Module of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (SCID) were administered to 628 women in 500 homes. The mean age of participants was 34...
January 15, 2007: Psychiatry Research
Frauke Rodewald, Ursula Gast, Hinderk M Emrich
UNLABELLED: The prevalence of major dissociative disorders (dissociative identity disorder, DID and similar forms of dissociative disorder not otherwise specified, DDNOS) in clinical samples is about 5 %. Despite their frequency, major dissociative disorders are often overseen for a long time. Screening-scales have proved to be effective to support clinical diagnosis. The aim of this study was to test, whether the Fragebogen für dissoziative Symptome (FDS), the German version of the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), differentiates between patients with dissociative disorders, non-dissociative disorders and non-clinical controls...
June 2006: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Paul F Dell
The goal of this study was to investigate the dissociative phenomenology of dissociative identity disorder (DID). The Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation (MID) was administered to 34 patients with DID, 23 patients with dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS), 52 patients with mixed psychiatric disorders, and 58 normal individuals. DID patients obtained significantly higher scores than the other three groups on 27 dissociation-related variables. DDNOS patients had significantly higher scores than normals and mixed psychiatric patients on 17 and 15 dissociation-related variables, respectively...
January 2002: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
C G Fine, A S Berkowitz
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), a chronic childhood onset posttraumatic stress disorder, is currently recognized as a treatable condition. It is considered the paradigmatic dissociative condition and carries with it extreme posttraumatic symptomatology. Therapists skilled in the treatment of DID are typically fluent in the uses of hypnosis for stabilization, affect management, building a safe place and grounding to name of few. EMDR, which has come to the forefront of clinical awareness in the last ten years, seems aptly suited for the treatment of trauma, but can be destabilizing...
January 2001: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
E S Bowman, P M Coons
The authors review the co-occurrences of dissociative symptoms and disorders with epilepsy and pseudo-seizures and examine newer diagnostic instruments that assist in accurate diagnosis of persons with concomitant seizure behaviors and dissociative symptoms. They also review seizure behaviors and electroencephalographic findings in persons with dissociative identity disorder (DID) and dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS) and dissociative symptoms in persons with epilepsy and with pseudoseizures...
2000: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
J L Silberg
The purpose of this study was to investigate psychological testing features of children and adolescents with dissociative disorder diagnoses to provide diagnostic information that might facilitate early intervention. The psychological testing protocols of 30 children diagnosed with dissociative disorders were compared with the testing protocols of 30 consecutive admissions to the Sheppard Pratt Hospital who did not receive a dissociative identity disorder (DID; formerly termed multiple personality disorder) or dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS) diagnosis...
December 1998: Journal of Personality Assessment
P F Dell
Forty-two outpatients with dissociative identity disorder (DID) and 16 outpatients with dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS) were administered the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-II (MCMI-II), the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), and the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). DID patients manifested severe personality pathology (BR > 84) on a mean of 4.0 MCMI-II scales: avoidant (76%), self-defeating (68%), borderline (53%), and passive-aggressive (45%). DDNOS cases had severe personality pathology on fewer MCMI-II scales (mean = 1...
June 1998: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
E C Lauterbach, J G Jackson, S T Price, A N Wilson, A D Kirsh, G E Dever
The authors studied depression after focal subcortical lesions (SCLs) in 45 highly selected subjects. Secondary major depression (secondary MD) occurred in 20.0%, depressive disorder NOS (secondary DDNOS) in 4.4%, and secondary dysthymia in 0.0%. secondary MD after SCLs was associated with pallidal lesions (88.9%) and dystonia without geste antagonistique; subjects with secondary DDNOS had nigrotegmental lesions and parkinsonism. Depressive severity after SCLs correlated positively with severity of parkinsonism and dystonia...
1997: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
N L Hornstein, F W Putnam
A comparison of two separately diagnosed samples of children and adolescents with dissociative disorders demonstrates good construct validity for these diagnoses in childhood. Descriptive analyses of the total sample reveal a clinical profile characterized by a plethora of affective, anxiety, conduct, posttraumatic, and dissociative symptoms. Children with multiple personality disorder (MPD) differ from those with dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS) in having more amnesias, identity disturbances, and hallucinations...
November 1992: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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