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amylase gene

Jie Zhou, Zhoukun Li, Han Zhang, Jiale Wu, Xianfeng Ye, Weiliang Dong, Min Jiang, Yan Huang, Zhongli Cui
Here, a novel amylolytic enzyme gene designated coMA was cloned from Corallococcus sp. EGB. The deduced amino acid sequence contained a predicted lipoprotein signal peptide (residues 1-18) and conserved glycoside hydrolase family 13 (GH13) module. The amino acid sequence of CoMA exhibits low sequence identity (10-19%) with cyclodextrin-hydrolyzing enzymes (GH13_20) and is assigned to GH13_36. The most outstanding feature of CoMA is its ability to catalyze the conversion of maltooligosaccharides (≥ G3) and soluble starch to maltose as the sole hydrolysate...
May 11, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Conrad Wiegand, Peter Heusser, Claudia Klinger, Dirk Cysarz, Arndt Büssing, Thomas Ostermann, Andreas Savelsbergh
Stress is an important co-factor for the genesis and maintenance of many diseases and is known to have an effect on gene expression via epigenetic regulation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) appear to function as one of the key factors of this regulation. This is the first study to investigate the response of 11 stress-associated miRNAs in human saliva - as a non-invasive source - in an experimental condition of acute psychological stress, and also their correlation with established psychological (subjective stress perception), physiological (heart rate and heart rate variability) and biochemical stress parameters (salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase)...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ruijie Gao, Zhecun Xu, Huaxiang Deng, Zhengbing Guan, Xiangru Liao, Ye Zhao, Xiaohui Zheng, Yujie Cai
Relative expression levels of twenty-four amylase genes in Shiraia sp. SUPER-H168 were investigated by real-time quantitative PCR when various carbohydrates, including glucose, sucrose, maltose, amylose, amylopectin and corn flour, were used as carbon source. Genes, including an α-glucosidase gene Amy33 (2997 bp), an α-amylase gene Amy365-1 (1749 bp) and a glycogen debranching enzyme gene Amy130 (2487 bp), were overexpressed, and four overexpression transformants were constructed, respectively. When Amy365-1 and Amy130 were co-overexpressed, relative expression levels of seven hypocrellin biosynthesis genes and four related genes in central carbon catabolism were all increased...
2018: PloS One
Ruijie Gao, Huaxiang Deng, Zhengbing Guan, Xiangru Liao, Yujie Cai
Shiraia bambusicola is an important and valuable macrofungus and hypocrellins are its main secondary metabolites which have been widely applied in many medical fields. However, during SSF process of this filamentous fungus, use ratio of corn substrate and dissolved oxygen supply are two main limiting factors, which influence production cost, yield and product quality. To solve these problems, overexpressions of amy365-1 and vgb in S. bambusicola were investigated and three overexpression transformants were constructed...
May 2, 2018: AMB Express
Da Huo, Lina Sun, Xiaoshang Ru, Libin Zhang, Chenggang Lin, Shilin Liu, Xiaoke Xin, Hongsheng Yang
Hypoxia is one of the most frequently occurring stressors confronted by industrial cultures of sea cucumber and can cause large economic losses and resource degradation. However, its responsive mechanisms are still lacking. In this paper, the physiological responses of Apostichopus japonicus to oxygen deficiency was illustrated, including induced oxidative response and immune defense and changed digestive enzymes activities. Significantly increased activities of alpha-amylase (AMS), acid phosphatase (ACP), lactate dehydrogenase, catalase, peroxidase, succinate dehydrogenase and higher content of malondialdehyde, and decreased activities of lipase and trypsin (TRY) were observed after hypoxia exposure (dissolved oxygen [DO] 2 mg/L)...
2018: PeerJ
Xing-Mao Wu, Kai-Qiang Ji, Hai-Yuan Wang, Yang Zhao, Jia Jia, Xiao-Peng Gao, Bin Zang
Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a disease with a high mortality. Patients with SAP may also be complicated with acute lung injury (ALI). So far the therapy for SAP-ALI is still limited. Emerging evidences demonstrate that microRNAs (miRs) could play a role in SAP-ALI. This study aims to define the role of miR-339-3p in SAP-ALI via Anxa3 through the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. Ten mice were selected as sham group and 36 mice as model group which further assigned into different groups. Relationship between miR-339-3p and Anxa3 was detected by dual luciferase reporter gene assay...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Brindha Banu Balakrishnan, Kalaivani Krishnasamy, Ki Choon Choi
Moringa concanensis Nimmo is a medicinal plant for treating various human illnesses including menstrual pain, high blood pressure, jaundice, inflammation, pain, fever, sore eyes, and cholesterol in Indian folk medicine. Despite its versatility, its antihyperglycemic mechanism of action (in vitro and in vivo) remains unclear. Therefore, in this study we developed the possible antihyperglycemic mechanism of action in 3T3-L1 cells by evaluating mRNA and protein expression, which are associated with adipogenesis and lipogenesis (insulin sensitizer)...
April 19, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Sambanduram Samarjit Singh, Surajit De Mandal, Esther Lalnunmawii, Nachimuthu Senthil Kumar
Utonga - kupsu , Hentak and Ngari are traditional fermented fish products produced by the Manipuri people living in the North-Eastern part of India. The present study was designed with the aim to isolate, identify and characterize the microorganisms present in these fermented foods. Bacterial pure cultures were isolated using serially diluted samples and were further identified by conventional biochemical tests and Sanger sequencing of 16s rRNA gene. Results show that the number of bacterial count in Nutrient agar and Starch casein agar was 14-20 and 10-16 CFU/g, respectively...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Lei Li, Zhongwei Sun, Caiming Xu, Jun Wu, Geliang Liu, Hongzhang Cui, Hailong Chen
AIMS: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a serious disease associated with systematic inflammation and multiple organs dysfunction. Soluble ST2 (sST2), a member of the Toll interleukin (IL)-1 receptor (TIR) superfamily, has been demonstrated to exert immune-regulatory and anti-inflammatory properties in several inflammation-related diseases. In this study, we investigated whether transfer of sST2 gene by adenovirus vector could attenuate sodium taurocholate-induced SAP and associated cardiac injury...
April 10, 2018: Life Sciences
Xili Liang, Chao Sun, Bosheng Chen, Kaiqian Du, Ting Yu, Vijitra Luang-In, Xingmeng Lu, Yongqi Shao
Insects constitute the most abundant and diverse animal class and act as hosts to an extraordinary variety of symbiotic microorganisms. These microbes living inside the insects play critical roles in host biology and are also valuable bioresources. Enterococcus mundtii EMB156, isolated from the larval gut (gut pH >10) of the model organism Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae), efficiently produces lactic acid, an important metabolite for industrial production of bioplastic materials. E. mundtii EMB156 grows well under alkaline conditions and stably converts various carbon sources into lactic acid, offering advantages in downstream fermentative processes...
April 7, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Yafei Duan, Yun Wang, Jiasong Zhang, Yongxu Sun, Jun Wang
Organic acids acts as an growth promoter and antimicrobial agent in aquaculture. The present study investigated the effects of a natural organic acid - succinic acid (SA) on the growth, digestive enzymes, immune response and resistance to ammonia stress of Litopenaeus vannamei. The shrimps were firstly fed with diets containing different levels of SA: 0% (Control), 0.25% (SA1), 0.50% (SA2), and 1.0% (SA3) (w/w) for 56 days, followed by an acute ammonia stress for 48 h. The results indicated that dietary of SA improved the growth of shrimp, and increased the survival rate of shrimp after ammonia stress for 48 h...
April 4, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Kazi Muhammad Rezaul Karim, Ahmad Husaini, Ngieng Ngui Sing, Fazia Mohd Sinang, Hairul Azman Roslan, Hasnain Hussain
In this study, an alpha-amylase enzyme from a locally isolated Aspergillus flavus NSH9 was purified and characterized. The extracellular α-amylase was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation and anion-exchange chromatography at a final yield of 2.55-fold and recovery of 11.73%. The molecular mass of the purified α-amylase was estimated to be 54 kDa using SDS-PAGE and the enzyme exhibited optimal catalytic activity at pH 5.0 and temperature of 50 °C. The enzyme was also thermally stable at 50 °C, with 87% residual activity after 60 min...
April 2018: 3 Biotech
Kelli Anderson, Chia-Yu Kuo, Ming-Wei Lu, Ido Bar, Abigail Elizur
The orange-spotted grouper (OG), Epinephelus coioides, is an ecologically and economically important species with strong market demand. However, larval rearing for this species is especially difficult, with mass mortality occurring at multiple stages including the period coinciding with metamorphic development. The aim of the present study was to characterise the molecular ontogenesis of genes that influence appetite, feeding, and digestion in OG larvae head and body tissue at 12, 18, and 50 days post hatch (dph), which coincides with the beginning and end of metamorphic development...
March 28, 2018: Gene
Nahla E El-Ashmawy, Naglaa F Khedr, Hoda A El-Bahrawy, Omnia B Hamada
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease mediated by damage in acinar cells and pancreatic inflammation with infiltration of leukocytes. The pancreatic renin-angiotensin system may play an important role in the pathogenesis of AP. AIM: The present study aimed to investigate the possible protective role of captopril (CAP), an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, in attenuating L-arginine-induced AP rat model and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms...
March 29, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Zhiyong Zhang, XiaoKang Zhuo, Kai Zhao, Tangchun Zheng, Yu Han, Cunquan Yuan, Qixiang Zhang
Bud dormancy transition is a vital developmental process for perennial plant survival. The process is precisely regulated by diverse endogenous genetic factors and environmental cues, but the mechanisms are not yet fully understood. Prunus mume is an ideal crop for bud dormancy analysis because of its early spring-flowering characteristics and small sequenced genome. Here, we analyzed the transcriptome profiles at the three endodormancy stages and natural flush stage using RNA sequencing combined with phytohormone and sugar content measurements...
March 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shiro Kato, Tadao Oikawa
The Lactobacillus sakei strain LK-145 isolated from Moto, a starter of sake, produces potentially large amounts of three D-amino acids, D-Ala, D-Glu, and D-Asp, in a medium containing amylase-digested rice as a carbon source. The comparison of metabolic pathways deduced from the complete genome sequence of strain LK-145 to the type culture strain of Lactobacillus sakei strain LT-13 showed that the L- and D-amino acid metabolic pathways are similar between the two strains. However, a marked difference was observed in the putative cysteine/methionine metabolic pathways of strain LK-145 and LT-13...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Sarbast K Kheravii, Robert A Swick, Mingan Choct, Shu-Biao Wu
BACKGROUND: Measures to improve bird performance have been sought due to the imminent phase out of in-feed antibiotics in poultry and continued demand for higher poultry feeding efficiency. Increasing grain particle size and dietary fibre may improve gizzard function, digestive efficiency and nutrient absorption. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect increased particle size of corn and inclusion of sugarcane bagasse (SB) on mRNA expression of genes encoding digestive enzymes and nutrient transporters in broilers...
March 20, 2018: BMC Genomics
Li Liu, Weili Xia, Haixia Li, Hanlai Zeng, Benhui Wei, Suoyi Han, Changxi Yin
Seed germination plays important roles in the establishment of seedlings and their subsequent growth; however, seed germination is inhibited by salinity, and the inhibitory mechanism remains elusive. Our results indicate that NaCl treatment inhibits rice seed germination by decreasing the contents of bioactive gibberellins (GAs), such as GA1 and GA4, and that this inhibition can be rescued by exogenous bioactive GA application. To explore the mechanism of bioactive GA deficiency, the effect of NaCl on GA metabolic gene expression was investigated, revealing that expression of both GA biosynthetic genes and GA-inactivated genes was up-regulated by NaCl treatment...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Yidi Sheng, Huiyuan Xiao, Chunli Guo, Hong Wu, Xiaojing Wang
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a nonprotein amino acid, often accumulates in plants exposed to certain environmental stimuli. Previous studies indicated that a closed relationship existed between endogenous GABA and seed germination. However, there are few studies on the effect of exogenous GABA on seed germination. The objective of this study was to explore whether exogenous GABA affected α-amylase activity which the activation is an important stage in seed germination. The level of endogenous GABA in barley seeds rose gradually during germination, suggesting that endogenous GABA was involved in germination...
March 3, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Matthew K Gilbert, Rajtilak Majumdar, Kanniah Rajasekaran, Zhi-Yuan Chen, Qijian Wei, Christine M Sickler, Matthew D Lebar, Jeffrey W Cary, Bronwyn R Frame, Kan Wang
Expressing an RNAi construct in maize kernels that targets the gene for alpha-amylase in Aspergillus flavus resulted in suppression of alpha-amylase (amy1) gene expression and decreased fungal growth during in situ infection resulting in decreased aflatoxin production. Aspergillus flavus is a saprophytic fungus and pathogen to several important food and feed crops, including maize. Once the fungus colonizes lipid-rich seed tissues, it has the potential to produce toxic secondary metabolites, the most dangerous of which is aflatoxin...
March 14, 2018: Planta
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