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amylase gene

Ji-Hua Yu, Yang-Yang Li, Mian Xiang, Jian-Quan Zhu, Xin-He Huang, Wan-Jun Wang, Rui Tan, Jia-Yu Zhou, Hai Liao
OBJECTIVES: To clone and characterize a novel bi-functional α-amylase/subtilisin inhibitor (LASI) from the rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong, a traditional Chinese medicine. RESULTS: The LASI showed strong homology with members of the Kunitz trypsin inhibitor family. Its putative amino acid sequence has a 40 % identity with that of the α-amylase/subtilisin inhibitor from rice. LASI gene without signal peptide was expressed in E. coli Rosetta. After purification, the recombinant LASI protein was inhibitory against not only α-amylase from porcine pancreas, Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera litura and Plutella xylostella, but also subtilisin A, but not against trypsin or chymotrypsin...
October 17, 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Xiujun Zhang, Yinbo Qu, Yuqi Qin
BACKGROUND: Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1, homologue HepA in Penicillium oxalicum) binding is associated with a highly compact chromatin state accompanied by gene silencing or repression. HP1 loss leads to the derepression of gene expression. We investigated HepA roles in regulating cellulolytic enzyme gene expression, as an increasingly number of studies have suggested that cellulolytic enzyme gene expression is not only regulated by transcription factors, but is also affected by the chromatin status...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Carola Hedberg-Oldfors, Emma Glamuzina, Peter Ruygrok, Lisa J Anderson, Perry Elliott, Oliver Watkinson, Chris Occleshaw, Malcolm Abernathy, Clinton Turner, Nicola Kingston, Elaine Murphy, Anders Oldfors
We describe a new type of cardiomyopathy caused by a mutation in the glycogenin-1 gene (GYG1). Three unrelated male patients aged 34 to 52 years with cardiomyopathy and abnormal glycogen storage on endomyocardial biopsy were homozygous for the missense mutation p.Asp102His in GYG1. The mutated glycogenin-1 protein was expressed in cardiac tissue but had lost its ability to autoglucosylate as demonstrated by an in vitro assay and western blot analysis. It was therefore unable to form the primer for normal glycogen synthesis...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Su-Mi Kim, Hyun Park, Jong-Il Choi
In this study, the gene encoding an α-amylase from a psychrophilic Arthrobacter agilis PAMC 27388 strain was cloned into a pET-28a(+) vector and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant α-amylase with a molecular mass of about 80 kDa was purified by using Ni(2+)-NTA affinity chromatography. This recombinant α-amylase exhibited optimal activity at pH 3.0 and 30 °C and was highly stable at varying temperatures (30-60 °C) and within the pH range of 4.0-8.0. Furthermore, α-amylase activity was enhanced in the presence of FeCl3 (1 mM) and β-mercaptoethanol (5 mM), while CoCl2 (1 mM), ammonium persulfate (5 mM), SDS (10 %), Triton X-100 (10 %), and urea (1 %) inhibited the enzymatic activity...
October 6, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Zhi-Mei Tian, Xian-Yong Ma, Xue-Fen Yang, Qiu-Li Fan, Yun-Xia Xiong, Yue-Qin Qiu, Li Wang, Xiao-Lu Wen, Zong-Yong Jiang
To investigate dietary protein level effects on digestive mechanisms, weaned piglets were fed for 45 d with diets containing 20%, 17%, or 14% crude protein (CP) supplemented to meet requirements for essential amino acids. This article describes the influence of dietary protein on gastrointestinal hormones and expression of an array of digestive enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Results indicated that there were no significant differences in expression of enzymes involved in carbohydrate digestion, except for maltase in the duodenum...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Yanbing Cui, Yiwei Meng, Juan Zhang, Bin Cheng, Huijia Yin, Chao Gao, Ping Xu, Chunyu Yang
In well-established heterologous hosts, such as Escherichia coli, recombinant proteins are usually intracellular and frequently found as inclusion bodies-especially proteins possessing high rare codon content. In this study, successful secretory expression of three hydrolases, in a constructed inducible or constitutive system, was achieved by fusion with a novel signal peptide (Kp-SP) from an actinomycete. The signal peptide efficiently enabled extracellular protein secretion and also contributed to the active expression of the intracellular recombinant proteins...
January 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
Osamu Yamada, Masayuki Machida, Akira Hosoyama, Masatoshi Goto, Toru Takahashi, Taiki Futagami, Youhei Yamagata, Michio Takeuchi, Tetsuo Kobayashi, Hideaki Koike, Keietsu Abe, Kiyoshi Asai, Masanori Arita, Nobuyuki Fujita, Kazuro Fukuda, Ken-Ichi Higa, Hiroshi Horikawa, Takeaki Ishikawa, Koji Jinno, Yumiko Kato, Kohtaro Kirimura, Osamu Mizutani, Kaoru Nakasone, Motoaki Sano, Yohei Shiraishi, Masatoshi Tsukahara, Katsuya Gomi
Awamori is a traditional distilled beverage made from steamed Thai-Indica rice in Okinawa, Japan. For brewing the liquor, two microbes, local kuro (black) koji mold Aspergillus luchuensis and awamori yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are involved. In contrast, that yeasts are used for ethanol fermentation throughout the world, a characteristic of Japanese fermentation industries is the use of Aspergillus molds as a source of enzymes for the maceration and saccharification of raw materials. Here we report the draft genome of a kuro (black) koji mold, A...
September 20, 2016: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
Ya Xu, Cheng-Heng Liao, Li-Li Yao, Xu Ye, Bang-Ce Ye
Starch-degrading enzymes hydrolyze starch- and starch-derived oligosaccharides to yield glucose. We investigated the transcriptional regulation of genes encoding starch-degrading enzymes in the industrial actinobacteria Saccharopolyspora erythraea We observed that most genes encoding amylolytic enzymes (one α-amylase, one glucoamylase and four α-glucosidases) were regulated by GlnR and PhoP, which are global regulators of nitrogen and phosphate metabolism, respectively. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays and RT-PCR analyses demonstrated that GlnR and PhoP directly interact with their promoter regions, and collaboratively or competitively activate their transcription...
September 16, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Qin-Qing Wang, Yi Lu, Zi-Yan Ren, Zhe Chi, Guang-Lei Liu, Zhen-Ming Chi
Aureobasidium melanogenum P16 is a high pullulan-producing yeast. However, glucose repression on its pullulan biosynthesis must be relieved. After the gene encoding a glucose repressor was cloned, characterized and analyzed, it was found that the repressor belonged to one member of the CreA in filamentous fungi, not to one member of the Mig1 in yeasts. After the CREA gene was fully removed from the yeast strain P16, the glucose repression in the disruptant DG41 was relieved. At the same time, the pullulan production by the disruptant DG41 was enhanced compared to that by its wild-type strain P16, and the transcriptional levels of the gene encoding a glucosyltransferase, three genes encoding glucose transporters, the gene encoding a 6-P-glucose kinase and the genes encoding α-amylase, glucoamylase and pullulanase in the disruptant DG41 were also promoted...
September 15, 2016: Current Genetics
Chi-Hin Wong, You-Jia Li, Yang-Chao Chen
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a common pancreatic cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Treating this life-threatening disease remains challenging due to the lack of effective prognosis, diagnosis and therapy. Apart from pancreatic duct cells, acinar cells may also be the origin of PDAC. During pancreatitis or combined with activating KRas(G12D) mutation, acinar cells lose their cellular identity and undergo a transdifferentiation process called acinar-to-ductal-metaplasia (ADM), forming duct cells which may then transform into pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) and eventually PDAC...
August 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Li-Na Dai, Ying-Wei Chen, Wei-Hui Yan, Li-Na Lu, Yi-Jing Tao, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND: Hereditary pancreatitis (HP) is quite rare and is distinguished by incomplete penetrance presentation as early-onset relapsing pancreatitis, usually beginning in childhood. HP is now known to be commonly relevant to mutations in the PRSS1 (gene-encoding cationic trypsinogen), SPINK1 (serine protease inhibitor, Kazal type 1), CFTR (cystic fibrosis), carboxypeptidase A1 (CPA1), and chymotrypsin C (CTRC) genes as reported in some Caucasian studies. HP has a variable spectrum of severity and may develop complications...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hyun-Soo Shin, Yun-Min Kook, Hye Jin Hong, Young-Mo Kim, Won-Gun Koh, Jae-Yol Lim
: Development of a tissue-engineered, salivary bio-gland will benefit patients suffering from xerostomia due to loss of fluid-secreting acinar cells. This study was conducted to develop a bioengineering system to induce self-assembly of human parotid epithelial cells (hPECs) cultured on poly ethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel-micropatterned polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibrous microwells. Microwells were fabricated by photopatterning of PEG hydrogel in the presence of an electrospun PCL nanofibrous scaffold...
November 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
E Kerambrun, D Rioult, L Delahaut, L Evariste, S Pain-Devin, M Auffret, A Geffard, E David
The present study was performed to validate the suitability of using gene expression in zebra mussels, Dreissena polymorpha, for biomonitoring of freshwater environment. Mussels were collected in four French rivers (Meuse, Moselle, Oise and Vilaine) in spring and autumn. Relative gene expression of 9 candidate genes involved in cellular metabolic activities (Cytochrome-c-oxidase - cox, and ATP synthase - atp), detoxification process (Metallothionein - mt and Glutathion-S-Transferase - gst), oxidative stress (Catalase - cat, Superoxyde Dismutase - sod and Glutathion peroxidase - gpx) and digestive functions (Amylase - amy and Cellulase - ghf) were measured in digestive gland...
August 30, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Samet Kocabay, Serap Çetinkaya, Birnur Akkaya, Ali Fazil Yenidünya
A strain of Lactobacillus fermentum producing two isozymes of a 20kDa β-amylase was isolated from the faecal sample of a newborn. The starin was identified by sequencing its 16S rRNA gene. The two β-amylase isozymes were resolved and visualized by two dimensional protein gel electrophoresis (2-D gel electrophoresis). Some of the physical and biochemical properties of the enzymes were characterized. The β-amylase displayed two optimum pH s, 5.0 and 10.0 and two optimum temperatures, 45°C and 37°C, respectively...
August 28, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Weimin Wang, Chong Li, Fadi Li, Xiaojuan Wang, Xiaoxue Zhang, Ting Liu, Fang Nian, Xiangpeng Yue, Fei Li, Xiangyu Pan, Yongfu La, Futao Mo, Fangbin Wang, Baosheng Li
Early consumption of starter feed promotes rumen development in lambs. We examined rumen development in lambs fed starter feed for 5 weeks using histological and biochemical analyses and by performing high-throughput sequencing in rumen tissues. Additionally, rumen contents of starter feed-fed lambs were compared to those of breast milk-fed controls. Our physiological and biochemical findings revealed that early starter consumption facilitated rumen development, changed the pattern of ruminal fermentation, and increased the amylase and carboxymethylcellulase activities of rumen micro-organisms...
2016: Scientific Reports
Maksym Antonyuk, Anastasiia Navalikhina, Tamara Ternovska
Variability of the beta-amylase gene in bread wheat, artificial amphidiploids, and derived introgression wheat lines was analyzed. Variation in homeologous beta-amylase sequences caused by the presence of MITE (Miniature Inverted-Repeat Transposable Element) and its footprint has been identified in bread wheat. The previously unknown location of MITE in Triticum urartu and T. aestivum L. beta-amylase gene has been found. These species have a MITE sequence in the third intron of beta-amylase, as opposed to Aegilops comosa and a number of other Triticeae species, which have it in the fourth intron...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Applied Genetics
Y J Lin, Y Ding, J Wu, B T Ning
Acute pancreatitis (AP) has a fast onset and progression, which lead to an unfavorable prognosis. Therefore, the development of novel drugs for its treatment is critical. As a homologous derivative of resveratrol, pterostilbene exerts a variety of effects including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antitumor effects. This study investigated the potential of pterostilbene for treatment of severe AP (SAP) and related mechanisms. Effects of pterostilbene were evaluated in a Wistar rat model of AP. Serum levels of amylase (AMY), creatinine (Cr), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were quantified...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Marcos Paolinelli-Alfonso, José Manuel Villalobos-Escobedo, Philippe Rolshausen, Alfredo Herrera-Estrella, Clara Galindo-Sánchez, José Fabricio López-Hernández, Rufina Hernandez-Martinez
BACKGROUND: Lasiodiplodia theobromae is a fungus of the Botryosphaeriaceae that causes grapevine vascular disease, especially in regions with hot climates. Fungi in this group often remain latent within their host and become virulent under abiotic stress. Transcriptional regulation analysis of L. theobromae exposed to heat stress (HS) was first carried out in vitro in the presence of grapevine wood (GW) to identify potential pathogenicity genes that were later evaluated for in planta expression...
2016: BMC Genomics
A Daliry, R Rangel Silvares, E N G da Silva Pereira, E E Ilaquita Flores, V Estato, P A Reis, I José da Silva, M P Machado, H C de Castro F Neto, E Tibiriça
OBJECTIVE: As several studies have shown a link between T1D and liver disease we explored the hepatic alterations due to diabetes and the modulation of this complication by the metformin adjunct therapy. DESIGN AND METHOD: Fifty five Wistar rats were divided in three groups: control (CTL, n = 20), high-fat diet/streptozotocin induced diabetic (DM, n = 20) and diabetic treated with metformin plus insulin (DM + Met + Ins, n = 15). The biochemical parameters (%HbA1c, cholesterol, fructosamine, triglycerides, total proteins, bilirubin, urea, uric acid, and ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, and amylase activities) were analyzed by spectrophotometry...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ziga Zebec, Isabelle Anna Zink, Melina Kerou, Christa Schleper
CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats)-mediated RNA degradation is catalyzed by a type III system in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus Earlier work demonstrated that the system can be engineered to target specifically mRNA of an endogenous host reporter gene, namely the β-galactosidase in S. solfataricus Here, we investigated the effect of single and multiple spacers targeting the mRNA of a second reporter gene, α-amylase, at the same, and at different, locations respectively, using a minimal CRISPR (miniCR) locus supplied on a viral shuttle vector...
October 13, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
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