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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922177/before-attachment-theory-separation-research-at-the-tavistock-clinic-1948-1956
#1
Bican Polat
This article traces the formation of attachment theory to the pioneering research program of Bowlby and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic between 1948 and 1956. Through a discussion of the concepts and practices that informed Bowlby's program, I examine the efforts of his team to reconstruct psychoanalytic objects according to preventive objectives and operational criteria. I discuss how the exploratory techniques that Bowlby and his colleagues were developing during these years ultimately led to the establishment of a hybrid investigative framework, in which the prophylactic requirements of mental hygiene, the psychometric model of personality disturbances, the psychoanalytic theory of object relations, and a direct-observational methodology were brought to bear on the problem of the psychological consequences of early separation experiences...
December 6, 2016: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914903/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytical-psychotherapy-versus-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-superiority-trial
#2
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments for adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder are associated with diagnostic remission within 28 weeks in 65-70% of patients. We aimed to assess the medium-term effects and costs of psychological therapies on maintenance of reduced depression symptoms 12 months after treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial (IMPACT) at 15 National Health Service child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) clinics in three regions in England...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898276/behind-the-mask-a-psychodynamic-exploration-of-the-experiences-of-individuals-diagnosed-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#3
Beth McEvoy, John O'Connor, Odhran McCarthy
The diagnostic category of social anxiety disorder (SAD) is one that is widely drawn upon in mental health settings; SAD is primarily characterized by a marked fear of social performance situations and possible scrutiny by other people (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994, 2013). The current study aims to explore the experiences of people diagnosed with SAD. Psychoanalytically informed research interviews, drawing on psychoanalytic ideas around the parameters of engagement and levels of engagement and analysis, were carried out with 4 male and 2 female participants with diagnoses of SAD...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895615/the-intersubjective-nature-of-play-development-and-its-role-in-child-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy
#4
Vera R R Ramires
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893341/index-of-contents-psychoanalytic-review-volume-103
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892804/the-form-of-the-story-measuring-formal-aspects-of-narrative-activity-in-psychotherapy
#6
Tilmann Habermas, Susanne Döll-Hentschker
OBJECTIVE: We ask which are the clinically relevant qualities of narratives in psychotherapy and how they can be measured. METHOD: On the background of psychoanalytic assumptions and narrative theory, we propose to measure formal narrative processes which stay close to the linguistic surface, because these escape conscious control. RESULTS: We propose five aspects of narratives to be especially sensitive to distortions and therefore prone to change in successful therapies: (1) The actual chronological, stepwise narrating of events, (2) the intentional structuring of events, or emplotment, (3) the immediate evaluation, (4) the reflected interpretation of events, and finally (5) the consistency and completeness of the narrative...
November 28, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883293/psychological-mislabeling-of-chronic-pain-lessons-from-migraine-in-the-20th-century
#7
Howard B Pikoff
Starting with Freud, psychoanalytically oriented practitioners described a complex of unconscious conflicts, desires and personality traits they believed to be the primary cause of a wide range of medical disorders. This was the psychogenic model. With the advance of basic research and pharmacotherapy, the psychogenic model was gradually replaced by a biopsychobehavioral model. This model treats chronic pain as a biologically based disorder that can be influenced by psychological factors and lifestyle. The present paper argues that many patients with chronic pain may not be significantly impacted by psychological factors, and that for those who are, cognitive-behavioral therapy is the treatment of choice...
November 24, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873307/considerations-on-the-precedence-of-the-scenes-the-contact-barrier-and-the-separation-of-conscious-and-unconscious
#8
Dietmut Niedecken
In this essay the term 'scene' which has been developed in the German psychoanalytic discussion, is confronted with the terms 'total situation' and 'psychoanalytic field', showing common features as well as differences. Thereafter four child observations are presented, through which light is thrown onto the scenic structures which make the foundations of early experience. In the precedence of scenes those structures are omnipresent whereas subjectivity only gradually builds up. It is shown how the development of subjectivity and the differentiation of consciousness and unconscious go along with overcoming the precedence of scenes, by breaking them up and reorganizing them...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859217/feeling-one-s-way-in-the-world-making-a-life
#9
Margaret M Browning
This paper argues for the psychoanalytic relevance of the works of James Gibson and Susanne Langer in explicating the early development of the human child and makes use of this combined formulation of development to think about psychoanalytic theory and practice. From the insights of James Gibson's ecological psychology we can appreciate the embodiment and embeddedness of the child's growing mind within both her physical and social environments. Making use of Susanne Langer's concept of feeling to redefine ecological psychology's perceptual counterpart to action allows us to understand the child's seamless transition into active participation in her culture, as she learns to project her animalian capacity to feel into intersubjectively defined forms of behavior and experience with others...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859180/infantile-anorexia-co-excitation-and-co-mastery-in-the-parent-baby-cathexis-the-contribution-of-sigmund-and-anna-freud
#10
Thomas Cascales
Recent epidemiological studies show that 2% of babies in ordinary paediatric clinics suffer from infantile anorexia. In the first part of this paper we present a case study from our hospital clinical activity. Our framework combines clinical psychoanalytic sessions and perinatal videos. In the second part, we will focus on the concepts of instinct and excitation proposed by Sigmund Freud and the concept of mastery proposed by Anna Freud. In the third part, we will examine these concepts in the light of the case study...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859150/the-invasion-of-reality-or-of-negotiation-the%C3%A2-psychoanalytic-ethic-and-extinction-anxiety
#11
Nicola Nociforo
Extinction anxiety is the expression used to describe a pervasive and ever more realistic sense of futurelessness. A group emotion characterized by terror of the extinction of the human race, the family, or professional or shared cultural group, it grips the individual with a sense of desperation and impotence through the internal groups present in the mind of every individual. The contribution presented here aims to demonstrate how extinction anxiety has also infected psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic institutions, thereby seriously weakening the ethics of psychoanalysis...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859148/11-september-an-attack-at-the-limits-of-thought
#12
Roberta Patalano
The paper deals with imagination and its failures from a psychoanalytic perspective. We offer a definition of imagination failures and suggest how they can be interpreted as an opportunity to learn from experience. In order to show that the topic has a concrete and not only speculative significance we consider the public report on September 11 as a case study. The report was published by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States after a long investigation of the facts and circumstances relating to the September 11 attacks...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859140/further-developments-of-the-concept-of-fantasy
#13
Gabriella Giustino
After the Isaacs' seminal work on the nature and function of unconscious phantasy (1948), several authors (mostly in the British Society) have reflected on the topic and tried to extend the concept of fantasy. In this paper I shall examine the contributions of Winnicott, Gaddini, Joseph and Anne Marie Sandler that aim at broadening this psychoanalytic concept. The authors that I have considered share a focus mostly on the early stages of child development. Both Winnicott and Gaddini belong to a line of thinking that explores the vicissitudes of the primary emotional development of the infantile self (in the mother-infant relationship) involving the earliest processes of holding and bodily and kinaesthetic fantasy that form the bodily integrity of the person...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832454/a-tale-of-two-biographies-the-myth-and-truth-of-barbara-mcclintock
#14
Esha Shah
Evelyn Fox Keller wrote first biography of the Nobel Prize winning geneticist Barbara McClintock in which Keller discussed how McClintock felt being rejected by her peers in the 1950s because she questioned the dominant idea of the particulate gene and instead proposed that the genetic material jumped positions on the chromosome which indicated that the gene did not control but was controlled by the cellular environment. Keller's story of McClintock's life is an account of a woman scientist's conception of science and how her unorthodox views isolated her from the main stream science...
December 2016: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804007/general-overview-of-psychotherapeutic-practice-in-poland-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#15
Hubert Suszek, Lidia Grzesiuk, Rafał Styła, Krzysztof Krawczyk
A total of 1196 persons conducting psychotherapy in Poland fully completed a nationwide online survey (or, alternatively, a paper and pencil enquiry) concerning their education, training, experience, and clinical work (professional environment, patients treated). The results are described in detail and compared with findings of similar studies from other countries. Among the primary findings were: (1) psychotherapy in Poland is conducted mostly by women (80 %); (2) almost all participants have an MA degree (91 %), including 75...
November 2, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790160/the-neuropsychoanalytic-approach-using-neuroscience-as-the-basic-science-of-psychoanalysis
#16
Brian Johnson, Daniela Flores Mosri
Neuroscience was the basic science behind Freud's psychoanalytic theory and technique. He worked as a neurologist for 20 years before being aware that a new approach to understand complex diseases, namely the hysterias, was needed. Solms coined the term neuropsychoanalysis to affirm that neuroscience still belongs in psychoanalysis. The neuropsychoanalytic field has continued Freud's original ideas as stated in 1895. Developments in psychoanalysis that have been created or revised by the neuropsychoanalysis movement include pain/relatedness/opioids, drive, structural model, dreams, cathexis, and dynamic unconscious...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763668/nina-coltart-and-the-border-of-bethlehem
#17
Philip Kime
Nina Coltart's freedom in addressing delicate areas such as spirituality and Buddhism within a psychoanalytic framework has opened borders between different psychoanalytic communities. This paper sets out to identify a deep-rooted philosophical tension that runs through several aspects of Coltart's work starting from her 'Slouching towards Bethlehem … or, thinking the unthinkable in psychoanalysis'. In exploring this central topic in depth psychology, of the distinction between thinkable and unthinkable contents, the author argues that it is not a fundamental distinction in Coltart's work but is rather a particular example of a more fundamental structural dichotomy which pervades her approach and which manifests in several different guises...
November 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761907/introduction-to-alfred-lorenzer-s-paper-language-life-praxis-and-scenic-understanding-in-psychoanalytic-therapy
#18
Werner Bohleber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761904/language-life-praxis-and-scenic-understanding-in-psychoanalytic-therapy
#19
Alfred Lorenzer
Freud held that the repressed unconscious arose from the separation of thing-presentations from word-presentations. The author divests these terms of the implication that they are objectively existing entities by citing some of Freud's other texts. Thing-presentations are memory-traces of (as yet) non-language-based interactions - that is, precipitates of actions that have been experienced and models of future actions. Scenic understanding, which, on the basis of participation by the therapist in the patient's play, treats all material presented by the patient by an approach analogous to the interpretation of dreams, is therefore the royal road to the unconscious...
October 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742757/animal-assisted-dyadic-therapy-a-therapy-model-promoting-development-of-the-reflective-function-in-the-parent-child-bond
#20
Liat Shani
Animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP) inherently incorporates standpoints, interventions, and ways of action promoting the development of the reflective function and mentalization, and thus has special value for parent-child psychotherapy. Two central tools in AAP contribute to this process. The first is the ethical stance of the therapist, who sees the animals as full partners in the therapy situation, respecting them as subjects with needs, desires, and thoughts of their own. The second tool combines nonverbal communication with animals together with the relating, in the here and now, to the understanding and decoding of body language of everyone in the setting...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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