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Diabetes update

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097553/-pumps-sensors-and-the-dream-of-the-artificial-pancreas-a-clinical-update-to-modern-technologies-in-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Bernhard Gehr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095040/consensus-statement-by-the-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-on-the-comprehensive-type-2-diabetes-management-algorithm-2017-executive-summary
#2
Alan J Garber, Martin J Abrahamson, Joshua I Barzilay, Lawrence Blonde, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Michael A Bush, Samuel Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Vivian A Fonseca, Jeffrey R Garber, W Timothy Garvey, George Grunberger, Yehuda Handelsman, Irl B Hirsch, Paul S Jellinger, Janet B McGill, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Paul D Rosenblit, Guillermo E Umpierrez
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This algorithm for the comprehensive management of persons with type 2 diabetes (T2D) was developed to provide clinicians with a practical guide that considers the whole patient, their spectrum of risks and complications, and evidence-based approaches to treatment. It is now clear that the progressive pancreatic beta-cell defect that drives the deterioration of metabolic control over time begins early and may be present before the diagnosis of diabetes (1). In addition to advocating glycemic control to reduce microvascular complications, this document highlights obesity and prediabetes as underlying risk factors for the development of T2D and associated macrovascular complications...
January 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095039/update-on-a-quality-initiative-to-overcome-clinical-inertia-in-the-postoperative-care-of-inpatients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Curtiss B Cook, Heidi A Apsey, Elizabeth B Habermann, Amy E Glasgow, Janna C Castro, Richard T Schlinkert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094908/improving-utilization-of-the-family-history-in-the-electronic-health-record
#4
Kathleen T Hickey, Maria C Katapodi, Bernice Coleman, Karin Reuter-Rice, Angela R Starkweather
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of Family History in the Electronic Health Record and to identify opportunities to advance the contributions of nurses in obtaining, updating and assessing family history in order to improve the health of all individuals and populations. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: The article presents an overview of the obstacles to charting Family History within the Electronic Health Record and recommendations for using specific Family History tools and core Family History data sets...
January 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090513/an-update-and-review-of-cell-based-wound-dressings-and-their-integration-into-clinical-practice
#5
REVIEW
Austin Pourmoussa, Daniel J Gardner, Maxwell B Johnson, Alex K Wong
Chronic wounds affect over 4 million individuals and pose a significant burden to the US healthcare system. Diabetes, venous stasis, radiation or paralysis are common risk factors for chronic wounds. Unfortunately, the current standard of care (SOC) has a high relapse rate and these wounds continue to adversely affect patients' quality of life. Fortunately, advances in tissue engineering have allowed for the development of cell-based wound dressings that promote wound healing by improving cell migration and differentiation...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088029/an-updated-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies-diabetes-and-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
REVIEW
Jieyu Zhang, Chunxiang Chen, Shuizhen Hua, Hairong Liao, Meixiang Wang, Yan Xiong, Fei Cao
BACKGROUND: In recently, several large longitudinal population-based studies have shown that the rate of cognitive decline is accelerated in elderly people with diabetes mellitus. But the relation between diabetes and AD is still an area of controversy. The objective of this review was to update the evidence for or against diabetes as a risk factor of AD. METHODS: We searched the literature from their inception to May 2016 without restriction of language. We included all longitudinal population-based studies examining the association between diabetes and risk of AD...
November 9, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076319/impact-of-nutrition-on-pollutant-toxicity-an-update-with-new-insights-into-epigenetic-regulation
#7
Jessie B Hoffman, Michael C Petriello, Bernhard Hennig
Exposure to environmental pollutants is a global health problem and is associated with the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. There is a growing body of evidence that nutrition can both positively and negatively modulate the toxic effects of pollutant exposure. Diets high in proinflammatory fats, such as linoleic acid, can exacerbate pollutant toxicity, whereas diets rich in bioactive and anti-inflammatory food components, including omega-3 fatty acids and polyphenols, can attenuate toxicant-associated inflammation...
January 11, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075100/ada-updates-standards-of-medical-care-for-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Carrie Armstrong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073686/interventions-to-improve-dissemination-and-implementation-of-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-patients-with-diabetes
#9
Thomas Matta, Katherine O'Neal, Jeremy Johnson, Sandra Carter, Michelle Lamb, Lourdes Planas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess provider awareness of routine vaccinations recommended for patients with diabetes and to determine whether pharmacist-led interventions are associated with increased provider implementation of recommendations for hepatitis B vaccination. METHODS: This study was conducted in 3 phases at 2 outpatient clinics affiliated with an academic institution. In phase 1, adults with diabetes who visited the clinics between January and November 2012 and who were eligible for the hepatitis B vaccine were identified...
January 7, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073426/the-prevention-and-treatment-of-retinal-complications-in-diabetes
#10
Susanne Gabriele Schorr, Hans-Peter Hammes, Ulrich Alfons Müller, Heinz-Harald Abholz, Rüdiger Landgraf, Bernd Bertram
BACKGROUND: Microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus can cause retino pathy and maculopathy, which can irreversibly damage vision and lead to blindness. The prevalence of retinopathy is 9-16% in patients with type 2 diabetes and 24-27% in patients with type 1 diabetes. 0.2-0.5% of diabetics are blind. METHODS: The National Disease Management Guideline on the prevention and treatment of retinal complications in diabetes was updated according to recommendations developed by seven scientific medical societies and organizations and by patient representatives and then approved in a formal consensus process...
December 2, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069019/ppars-modulate-cardiac-metabolism-and-mitochondrial-function-in-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Ting-Wei Lee, Kuan-Jen Bai, Ting-I Lee, Tze-Fan Chao, Yu-Hsun Kao, Yi-Jen Chen
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a major complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). Currently, effective treatments for diabetic cardiomyopathy are limited. The pathophysiology of diabetic cardiomyopathy is complex, whereas mitochondrial dysfunction plays a vital role in the genesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Metabolic regulation targeting mitochondrial dysfunction is expected to be a reasonable strategy for treating diabetic cardiomyopathy. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are master executors in regulating glucose and lipid homeostasis and also modulate mitochondrial function...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067740/update-on-management-of-type-1-diabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-in-athletes
#12
Jane E Yardley, Sheri R Colberg
Optimal blood glucose management still remains the biggest challenge in active individuals with diabetes, particularly in insulin users, but some newer strategies have been introduced to maintain blood glucose control. Recent studies emphasize the importance of exercise intensity on glycemic balance. In individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, both resistance and high-intensity intermittent exercise have been shown to confer beneficial physiological adaptations in training studies, while also showing acute glycemic benefits from single sessions...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065547/comparison-of-the-diabetes-guidelines-from-the-ada-easd-and-the-aace-ace
#13
Susan Cornell
OBJECTIVE: To compare recent diabetes guideline updates from the American Diabetes Association-European Association for the Study of Diabetes (ADA/EASD) and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists-American College of Endocrinology (AACE/ACE). SUMMARY: The ADA/EASD guideline continues to advocate a stepwise approach to glycemic control that initiates with metformin and intensifies treatment incrementally to dual and triple therapy at 3-month intervals until the patient is at their individualized goal...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063511/tiny-molecule-big-power-multi-target-approach-for-curcumin-in-diabetic-cardiomyopathy
#14
REVIEW
Vengadeshprabhu Karuppagounder, Somasundaram Arumugam, Vijayasree V Giridharan, Remya Sreedhar, Rajendran J C Bose, Jyothi Vanama, Suresh S Palaniyandi, Tetsuya Konishi, Kenichi Watanabe, Rajarajan A Thandavarayan
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is described as impaired cardiac diastolic and systolic functions. Diabetes mellitus (DM), a related cardiovascular disease, has become one of the major causes of death in DM patients. Mortality in these diseases is 2 to 3 times higher than in non-DM patients with cardiovascular disease. The progression of DCM and the cellular and molecular perturbations associated with the pathogenesis are complex and multifactorial. Although considerable progress has been achieved, the molecular etiologies of DCM remain poorly understood...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060767/cytotoxic-t-lymphocyte-associated-protein-4-49a-g-polymorphisms-contribute-to-the-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-in-children-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis
#15
Bo Wang, Wei Du, Yutao Jia, Xiaobai Zhang, Guorui Ma
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a heritable disease associated with multiple genetic variants. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the correlation between cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4(CTLA-4) +49A/G polymorphisms and the risk of T1D in children. The random effects model was used to estimate the related odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Trial sequential analysis (TSA) was used to determine whether the currently available evidence was sufficient and conclusive. Our results indicated that CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms significantly increased the risk of childhood T1D in an allelic model (G vs...
January 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060743/2017-update-on-the-relationship-between-diabetes-and-colorectal-cancer-epidemiology-potential-molecular-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-implications
#16
REVIEW
Nieves González, Isabel Prieto, Laura Del Puerto-Nevado, Sergio Portal-Nuñez, Juan Antonio Ardura, Marta Corton, Beatriz Fernández-Fernández, Oscar Aguilera, Carmen Gomez-Guerrero, Sebastián Mas, Juan Antonio Moreno, Marta Ruiz-Ortega, Ana Belen Sanz, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño, Federico Rojo, Fernando Vivanco, Pedro Esbrit, Carmen Ayuso, Gloria Alvarez-Llamas, Jesús Egido, Jesús García-Foncillas, Alberto Ortiz, Diabetes Cancer Connect Consortium
Worldwide deaths from diabetes mellitus (DM) and colorectal cancer increased by 90% and 57%, respectively, over the past 20 years. The risk of colorectal cancer was estimated to be 27% higher in patients with type 2 DM than in non-diabetic controls. However, there are potential confounders, information from lower income countries is scarce, across the globe there is no correlation between DM prevalence and colorectal cancer incidence and the association has evolved over time, suggesting the impact of additional environmental factors...
January 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055075/oral-pharmacologic-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-practice-guideline-update-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#17
Amir Qaseem, Michael J Barry, Linda L Humphrey, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on oral pharmacologic treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults. This guideline serves as an update to the 2012 ACP guideline on the same topic. This guideline is endorsed by the American Academy of Family Physicians. Methods: This guideline is based on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and observational studies published through December 2015 on the comparative effectiveness of oral medications for type 2 diabetes...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054988/recent-update-on-the-role-of-chinese-material-medica-and-formulations-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#18
REVIEW
Sandeep Vasant More, In-Su Kim, Dong-Kug Choi
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most frequent endocrine disorders, affecting populations worldwide. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most frequent microvascular complication of diabetes in patients aged 20 and over. Major complications of DR include intraocular neovascularization, inter-retinal edema, hemorrhage, exudates and microaneurysms. Therefore, timely medical attention and prevention are required. At present, laser-assisted therapy and other operational procedures are the most common treatment for DR...
January 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#19
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#20
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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