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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545198/assessing-breast-cancer-awareness-in-thai-women-validation-of-the-breast-cancer-awareness-scale-b-cas
#1
Nitchamon Rakkapao, Supannee Promthet, Malcolm Anthony Moore, Solikhah Solikhah, Cameron Hurst
Background: Raising breast cancer awareness is a well-established first line strategy to reduce breast cancer mortality. A properly validated instrument is needed to gain a better understanding of breast cancer awareness. Objective: The objective of this study was to develop and validate an instrument to assess breast cancer awareness in Thai women. Methods: In this study, we develop and evaluate the validity of the Breast Cancer Awareness Scale (B-CAS). Construct validity was evaluated by using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, and criterion validity was investigated using ROC curves to examine the associations between B-CAS subscales and breast self-examination...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545179/the-efficacy-of-meniscal-treatment-associated-with-lateral-tibial-plateau-fractures
#2
Hyun-Joo Park, Hui-Du Lee, Jin Ho Cho
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of lateral meniscal tears associated with lateral tibial plateau fractures and report the clinical outcomes of meniscal treatment with internal fixation of fractures. Materials and Methods: All lateral tibial plateau fractures (Schatzker types II and III) in skeletally mature patients treated operatively at our institution between January 2010 and February 2016 were included. All patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation using a buttress plate or cancellous screws...
June 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545163/coccygeal-body-revisited-an-immunohistochemical-study-using-donated-elderly-cadavers
#3
Zhe Wu Jin, Kwang Ho Cho, Hyung Suk Jang, Gen Murakami, Jose Francisco Rodríguez-Vázquez, Masahito Yamamoto, Shin-Ichi Abe
To describe the normal anatomy and histology of the adult coccygeal body (CB) and to discuss about the origin and function. Using immunohistochemistry, we examined 29 CBs found in 32 elderly donated cadavers without macroscopic pathology in the pelvis. The CB was usually located in or near the anococcygeal ligaments. It was almost always composed of multiple masses or nodules of round glomus cells (smooth muscle actin, or SMA++). However, the CB sometimes contained abundant dilated veins with scattered glomus cells...
May 25, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545155/rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-enteric-fever
#4
REVIEW
Lalith Wijedoru, Sue Mallett, Christopher M Parry
BACKGROUND: Differentiating both typhoid (Salmonella Typhi) and paratyphoid (Salmonella Paratyphi A) infection from other causes of fever in endemic areas is a diagnostic challenge. Although commercial point-of-care rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for enteric fever are available as alternatives to the current reference standard test of blood or bone marrow culture, or to the widely used Widal Test, their diagnostic accuracy is unclear. If accurate, they could potentially replace blood culture as the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended main diagnostic test for enteric fever...
May 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545094/economic-evaluation-of-policy-options-for-dialysis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-under-the-universal-health-coverage-in-indonesia
#5
Afiatin, Levina Chandra Khoe, Erna Kristin, Lusiana Siti Masytoh, Eva Herlinawaty, Pitsaphun Werayingyong, Mardiati Nadjib, Sudigdo Sastroasmoro, Yot Teerawattananon
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the value for money and budget impact of offering hemodialysis (HD) as a first-line treatment, or the HD-first policy, and the peritoneal dialysis (PD) first policy compared to a supportive care option in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Indonesia. METHODS: A Markov model-based economic evaluation was performed using local and international data to quantify the potential costs and health-related outcomes in terms of life years (LYs) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545062/association-of-frailty-status-with-acute-kidney-injury-and-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Natanong Thamcharoen, Patompong Ungprasert, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Michael A Mao, Ankit Sakhuja, Kevin L Greason, Kianoush Kashani
OBJECTIVE: Frailty is a common condition in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The aim of this systematic review was to assess the impact of frailty status on acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality after TAVR. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases from the inception through November 2016. The protocol for this study is registered with PROSPERO (International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews; no...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545053/mortality-among-blood-donors-seropositive-and-seronegative-for-chagas-disease-1996-2000-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-death-certificate-linkage-study
#7
Ligia Capuani, Ana Luiza Bierrenbach, Airlane Pereira Alencar, Alfredo Mendrone, João Eduardo Ferreira, Brian Custer, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro, Ester Cerdeira Sabino
BACKGROUND: Individuals in the indeterminate phase of Chagas disease are considered to have mortality rates similar to those of the overall population. This study compares mortality rates among blood donors seropositive for Chagas disease and negative controls in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This is a retrospective cohort study of blood donors from 1996 to 2000: 2842 seropositive and 5684 seronegative for Chagas disease. Death status was ascertained by performing probabilistic record linkage (RL) with the Brazil national mortality information system (SIM)...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545038/assessing-the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-interdisciplinary-team-working-in-primary-care-using-normalisation-process-theory-an-integrative-review
#8
Pauline O'Reilly, Siew Hwa Lee, Madeleine O'Sullivan, Walter Cullen, Catriona Kennedy, Anne MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary team working is of paramount importance in the reform of primary care in order to provide cost-effective and comprehensive care. However, international research shows that it is not routine practice in many healthcare jurisdictions. It is imperative to understand levers and barriers to the implementation process. This review examines interdisciplinary team working in practice, in primary care, from the perspective of service providers and analyses 1 barriers and facilitators to implementation of interdisciplinary teams in primary care and 2 the main research gaps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545037/an-instrument-to-measure-nurses-knowledge-in-palliative-care-validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-palliative-care-quiz-for-nurses
#9
Elena Chover-Sierra, Antonio Martínez-Sabater, Yolanda Raquel Lapeña-Moñux
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is nowadays essential in nursing care, due to the increasing number of patients who require attention in final stages of their life. Nurses need to acquire specific knowledge and abilities to provide quality palliative care. Palliative Care Quiz for Nurses is a questionnaire that evaluates their basic knowledge about palliative care. The Palliative Care Quiz for Nurses (PCQN) is useful to evaluate basic knowledge about palliative care, but its adaptation into the Spanish language and the analysis of its effectiveness and utility for Spanish culture is lacking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544991/associations-of-neighborhood-social-environment-attributes-and-physical-activity-among-9-11-year-old-children-from-12-countries
#10
Samaah M Sullivan, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Peter T Katzmarzyk
We investigated whether associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity differed among 12 countries and levels of economic development using World Bank classification (low/lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high- income countries) among 9-11 year old children (N=6161) from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle, and the Environment (ISCOLE). Collective efficacy and perceived crime were obtained via parental/guardian report. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed with waist-worn Actigraph accelerometers...
May 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544977/environmental-radiation-dosimetry-at-argentine-antarctic-marambio-base-64%C3%A2-13-s-56%C3%A2-43-w-preliminary-results
#11
Alba Zanini, Vicente Ciancio, Monica Laurenza, Marisa Storini, Adolfo Esposito, Juan Carlos Terrazas, Paolo Morfino, Alessandro Liberatore, Gustavo Di Giovan
The preliminary results obtained in the first environmental radiation dosimetry campaign performed in the Antarctic region are presented. This experiment is carried out in the framework of CORA (COsmic Rays in Antarctica) Project, a collaboration between Argentine and Italian institutions. After a feasibility study performed in the Antarctic summer 2013, a new campaign has been carried out, started in March 2015, to measure various components of cosmic ray induced secondary atmospheric radiation at the Argentine Marambio Base (Antarctica; 196 m a...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544956/dna-commission-of-the-international-society-for-forensic-genetics-isfg-guidelines-on-the-use-of-x-strs-in-kinship-analysis
#12
Andreas O Tillmar, Daniel Kling, John M Butler, Walther Parson, Mechthild Prinz, Peter M Schneider, Thore Egeland, Leonor Gusmão
Forensic genetic laboratories perform an increasing amount of genetic analyses of the X chromosome, in particular to solve complex cases of kinship analysis. For some biological relationships X-chromosomal markers can be more informative than autosomal markers, and there are a large number of markers, methods and databases that have been described for forensic use. Due to their particular mode of inheritance, and their physical location on a single chromosome, some specific considerations are required when estimating the weight of evidence for X-chromosomal marker DNA data...
May 13, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544939/risk-trading-in-flood-management-an-economic-model
#13
Chiung Ting Chang
Although flood management is no longer exclusively a topic of engineering, flood mitigation continues to be associated with hard engineering options. Flood adaptation or the capacity to adapt to flood risk, as well as a demand for internalizing externalities caused by flood risk between regions, complicate flood management activities. Even though integrated river basin management has long been recommended to resolve the above issues, it has proven difficult to apply widely, and sometimes even to bring into existence...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544928/achieving-advanced-nitrogen-removal-for-small-flow-wastewater-using-a-baffled-bioreactor-bbr-with-intermittent-aeration
#14
Guoqiang Liu, Jianmin Wang
Nitrogen discharge from decentralized and onsite wastewater treatment systems, such as recirculating sand filters, stabilization ponds, and septic tanks, is an important source of groundwater and surface water contamination. This study demonstrated a simple baffled bioreactor (BBR) technology, operated with an intermittent aeration mode, that effectively removed nearly all nitrogen for small flow wastewater treatment. The BBR is characterized by an aeration zone, followed by an integrated internal settler, which automatically retains a high biomass concentration of approximately 6 g/L without using a separate sludge return device...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544908/childhood-tumours-with-a-high-probability-of-being-part-of-a-tumour-predisposition-syndrome-reason-for-referral-for-genetic-consultation
#15
REVIEW
Floor A M Postema, Saskia M J Hopman, Cora M Aalfs, Lieke P V Berger, Fonnet E Bleeker, Charlotte J Dommering, Marjolijn C J Jongmans, Tom G W Letteboer, Maran J W Olderode-Berends, Anja Wagner, Raoul C Hennekam, Johannes H M Merks
INTRODUCTION: Recognising a tumour predisposition syndrome (TPS) in childhood cancer patients is of major clinical relevance. The presence of a TPS may be suggested by the type of tumour in the child. We present an overview of 23 childhood tumours that in themselves should be a reason to refer a child for genetic consultation. METHODS: We performed a PubMed search to review the incidence of TPSs in children for 85 tumour types listed in the International Classification of Childhood Cancer third edition (ICCC-3)...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544905/high-serum-levels-of-soluble-interleukin-2-receptor-sil2-r-interleukin-6-il-6-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf-are-associated-with-adverse-clinical-features-and-predict-poor-outcome-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#16
Ivan Dlouhy, Xavier Filella, Jordina Rovira, Laura Magnano, Alfredo Rivas-Delgado, Tycho Baumann, Alejandra Martínez-Trillos, Olga Balagué, Antonio Martínez, Blanca González-Farre, Kennosuke Karube, Eva Gine, Julio Delgado, Elías Campo, Armando López-Guillermo
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is an aggressive lymphoma with heterogeneous outcomes. To improve accuracy of the international prognostic index score, new biological variables are being investigated. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of serum levels of different cytokines, namely soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL2-R), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF). We analyzed 197 de novo DLBCL patients (91 M/106 F; median age 66 years) treated with immunochemotherapy in a single institution...
May 17, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544884/a-validated-uhplc-qtof-ms-method-for-quantification-of-metformin-and-teneligliptin-in-rat-plasma-application-to-pharmacokinetic-interaction-study
#17
David Paul, Lingesh Allakonda, Nanjappan Satheeshkumar
In this study a sensitive UHPLC-QTOF-MS method was developed and validated for the quantitation of the metformin (MET) and teneligliptin (TEN) in rat plasma using dapagliflozin as an internal standard (IS). Chromatographic separation were carried out on a Acquity UPLC HSS Cyano column (100mm x 2.1mm, 1.8μm) using gradient mobile phase system consisting of 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.4mL/min, within a run time of 6min. Protein precipitation method was used as sample preparation approach...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544842/transfemoral-valve-in-valve-in-a-degenerated-small-aortic-bioprosthesis-five-year-follow-up
#18
Stefano Salizzoni, Federico Conrotto, Mauro Rinaldi, Gian Paolo Ussia, Gaetana Ferraro, Mauro Giorgi, Maurizio D'Amico
A small-sized bioprosthesis can limit transcatheter valve-in-valve (V-in-V) implantations. The case is reported of a 91-year-old woman who had successfully undergone a V-in-V procedure with a 26 mm CoreValve in a previously implanted Mitroflow 19 mm valve. At the five-year follow up the prosthesis showed good echocardiographic function and the patient was alive and free from major symptoms. The patient died three months after the follow up examination at the age of 96 years. This case demonstrates the feasibility, with acceptable longterm functioning, of a V-in-V procedure involving a small bioprosthesis...
January 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544834/in-vitro-pulsatile-flow-measurement-in-prosthetic-heart-valves-an-inter-laboratory-comparison
#19
Stephen M Retta, Jeff Kepner, Salvador Marquez, Bruce A Herman, Mark C S Shu, Laurence W Grossman
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF STUDY: One of the first steps in qualifying a new prosthetic valve for eventual clinical use is preclinical flow performance testing in vitro. Such testing is typically performed in an in-vitro test system that simulates the pumping mechanics of the left ventricle of the heart, generally referred to as a pulse duplicator or duplicator. Historically, test results in these systems have varied from duplicator to duplicator. This collaborative effort between heart valve manufacturers and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was designed to evaluate the variability of the pulse duplicator test technology for pulsatile flow performance measurement in an interlaboratory round robin...
January 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544802/prognostic-models-and-nomograms-for-predicting-survival-of-patients-with-maxillary-sinus-carcinomas
#20
Weidong Shen, Naoko Sakamoto, Limin Yang
BACKGROUND: Maxillary sinus carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy. Most reports on prognosis of this disease are from single institutions and include few patients. We used data from the United States National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program to construct models and nomograms for predicting outcomes of patients with maxillary sinus carcinomas. METHODS: We used records from 668 patients with primary maxillary sinus carcinomas reported to the SEER program from 2004 to 2013 to build nomograms based on stratified multivariable Cox proportional hazard models for predicting 5-year overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS)...
May 23, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
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