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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161789/current-status-of-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration-practice-in-thailand
#1
REVIEW
Somboon Keelawat, Samreung Rangdaeng, Supinda Koonmee, Tikamporn Jitpasutham, Andrey Bychkov
Thyroid carcinoma is one of the leading malignancies in Thailand increasingly prevalent in the female population. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is a widely used diagnostic tool for evaluation of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. Thyroid FNA is a routine procedure universally performed in Thai hospitals by a variety of clinical specialists. Manual guidance is the first-line choice complemented by ultrasound assistance in selected cases. Despite national guidelines recommendations, the diagnostic criteria and terminology of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) was slowly adopted in the local settings...
November 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161640/aging-schwann-cells-mechanisms-implications-future-directions
#2
REVIEW
Michio Wendell Painter
The aging peripheral nervous system (PNS) is prone to a number of disorders, including the development of neuropathies and increased regenerative failure. Although the basic mechanisms of the aging PNS are still rather murky, recent work has revealed that 'old' Schwann cells acquire a number of dysfunctions in mammals. This review will assess our current knowledge about aging Schwann cells while emphasizing where gaps exist. Indeed, as our understanding of how these peripheral glia contribute to the development, maintenance and regeneration of the PNS becomes increasingly refined, we should also turn our attention to questions of escalating importance in our rapidly greying society: how do Schwann cells change with aging, how might these changes contribute to dysfunction and disease, and what, if anything, might this tell us about the aging central nervous system?...
November 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161549/ultrasound-guided-versus-conventional-injection-for-caudal-block-in-children-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#3
Ali Ahiskalioglu, Ahmet Murat Yayik, Elif Oral Ahiskalioglu, Mursel Ekinci, Birzat Emre Gölboyu, Erkan Cem Celik, Haci Ahmet Alici, Akgun Oral, Saban Oguz Demirdogen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of ultrasound guided sacral hiatus injection and conventional sacral canal injection performed for caudal block in children. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Operating rooms of university hospital of Erzurum, Turkey. PATIENTS: One hundred-thirty four children, American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II, between the ages of 5 and 12, scheduled for elective phimosis and circumcision surgery...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161401/the-evolution-of-airway-management-new-concepts-and-conflicts-with-traditional-practice
#4
A F McNarry, A Patel
In the last 25 yr, there have been several advances in the safe management of the airway. Videolaryngoscopes and supraglottic airways, now in routine use by new trainees in anaesthesia, have had their genesis in the recent past. The 4th National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists and the Difficult Airway Society published in 2011 a seminal report that has influenced airway management worldwide . Understanding how the report's recommendations were constructed and how clinical guidelines compliment rather than contradict them is important in understanding the tenets of safe airway management...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161277/women-s-opinion-on-the-justification-of-physical-spousal-violence-a-quantitative-approach-to-model-the-most-vulnerable-households-in-bangladesh
#5
Raaj Kishore Biswas, Nusma Rahman, Enamul Kabir, Farabi Raihan
Bangladesh is a culturally conservative nation with limited freedom for women. A number of studies have evaluated intimate partner violence (IPV) and spousal physical violence in Bangladesh; however, the views of women have been rarely discussed in a quantitative manner. Three nationwide surveys in Bangladesh (2007, 2011, and 2014) were analyzed in this study to characterize the most vulnerable households, where women themselves accepted spousal physical violence as a general norm. 31.3%, 31.9% and 28.7% women in the surveys found justification for physical violence in household in 2007, 2011 and 2014 respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161222/perspectives-of-mothers-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Katherine A Kuvalanka, Derek J Mahan, Jenifer K McGuire, Tracey K Hoffman
This study represents findings from interviews at two time points with three mothers of transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) children (ages eight to 12 years at T1) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Of interest was the mothers' experiences of raising a TGNC child with ASD, and whether/how the children's autism played a role in their understandings of their children's gender identities and expressions. The mothers' fear of a transphobic/cisnormative society and wondering about whether their children's ASD influenced or caused their children's gender variance were barriers to fully embracing their children's gender nonconformity...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161176/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-interprofessional-facilitation-scale
#7
Junji Haruta, Raoul Breugelmans, Hiroshi Nishigori
Effective interaction in interprofessional collaboration requires skills in interprofessional facilitation. The need for interprofessional learning and practice in Japan is highlighted by Japan's status as one of the most rapidly aging societies because good care for elderly people with complex needs requires effective collaboration between different professional groups. The development of interprofessional facilitation skills (including management of the additional complexities) among learners or professionals enhances interprofessional learning and consensus building and empowers them to make appropriate commitments when faced with difficult challenges...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161149/society-news
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161095/resection-induced-leveling-of-elevated-plug-cartilage-in-osteochondral-autologous-transplantation-of-the-knee-achieves-acceptable-clinical-results
#9
Kohei Nishitani, Yasuaki Nakagawa, Shinichiro Nakamura, Shogo Mukai, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Plug protuberance occasionally occurs in osteochondral autologous transplantation (OAT). The incongruity of plugs results in poor clinical outcomes, especially in cases of protuberance. However, a surgical procedure to deal with this problem has not been reported. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cartilage resection of elevated plugs, with the hypothesis that patients whose elevated plugs were resected and leveled would achieve clinical outcomes equivalent to those of patients with flush plugs...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161046/heavy-metal-free-tannin-from-bark-for-sustainable-energy-storage
#10
Alolika Mukhopadhyay, Yucong Jiao, Rui Katahira, Peter N Ciesielski, Michael E Himmel, Hongli Zhu
A novel renewable cathode made from earth-abundant, low-cost materials can contribute to the intermittent storage needs of renewable energy based society. Inspired by Nature, we report for the first-time tannin as a cathode material. Our approach exploits the charge storage mechanism of the redox active quinone moiety. Tannins extracted from tree bark using environmental friendly aqueous solvents has the highest phenol content (5.56 mol g-1) among all the natural phenolic biopolymers, 5000 times higher than lignin...
November 21, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160919/appropriate-use-criteria-for-transthoracic-echocardiography-are-they-relevant-to-european-centers
#11
Robert N Kerley, Kenneth P Thornton, Raymond M Kelly, Siun O'Flynn
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in appropriate use criteria (AUC) for cardiovascular imaging referrals in Europe. These criteria, developed by American subspecialty societies, have been in use since 2007 and show a temporal reduction in inappropriate transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) requests. When applied to European centers, inappropriate referral rates as high as 15% have been observed. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of TTE referrals for appropriateness and major abnormality detection was conducted over a two-month period at Cork University Hospital (CUH)...
November 21, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160902/proportion-and-number-of-cancer-cases-and-deaths-attributable-to-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#12
Farhad Islami, Ann Goding Sauer, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Marjorie L McCullough, Alpa V Patel, Jiemin Ma, Isabelle Soerjomataram, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Susan M Gapstur, Ahmedin Jemal
Contemporary information on the fraction of cancers that potentially could be prevented is useful for priority setting in cancer prevention and control. Herein, the authors estimate the proportion and number of invasive cancer cases and deaths, overall (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers) and for 26 cancer types, in adults aged 30 years and older in the United States in 2014, that were attributable to major, potentially modifiable exposures (cigarette smoking; secondhand smoke; excess body weight; alcohol intake; consumption of red and processed meat; low consumption of fruits/vegetables, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium; physical inactivity; ultraviolet radiation; and 6 cancer-associated infections)...
November 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160897/social-integration-and-survival-after-diagnosis-of-colorectal-cancer
#13
Elizabeth A Sarma, Ichiro Kawachi, Elizabeth M Poole, Shelley S Tworoger, Edward L Giovannucci, Charles S Fuchs, Ying Bao
BACKGROUND: Although larger social networks have been associated with lower all-cause mortality, few studies have examined whether social integration predicts survival outcomes among patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The authors examined the association between social ties and survival after CRC diagnosis in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Participants included 896 women in the Nurses' Health Study who were diagnosed with stage I, II, or III CRC between 1992 and 2012...
November 21, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160727/a-review-of-perioperative-complications-of-outpatient-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#14
Todd R Borenstein, Kapil Anand, Quanlin Li, Timothy P Charlton, David B Thordarson
BACKGROUND: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is commonly pursued for patients with painful arthritis. Outpatient TAA are increasingly common and have been shown to decrease costs compared to inpatient surgery. However, there are very few studies examining the safety of outpatient TAA. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed 65 consecutive patients who received outpatient TAA to identify complication rates. METHODS: The medical records of 65 consecutive outpatient TAA from October 2012 to May 2016 with a minimum 6-month follow-up were reviewed...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160411/spirometry-in-schoolchildren-for-field-studies-does-testing-on-different-days-change-the-result-of-the-exam
#15
Janaina Cristina Scalco, Rafaela Coelho Minsky, Camila Isabel Santos Schivinski
OBJECTIVE: To analyze if there is variation in the results of spirometry performed by healthy schoolchildren on different days. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with healthy schoolchildren aged 7 to 12 years old, in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. Prepubescent children, non-athletes, born at full term, without cardiorespiratory, rheumatic, musculoskeletal, neurological and visual or hearing deficit were included. The child's health was assessed by a health questionnaire and by the survey International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood...
November 13, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160233/comet-strongly-supported-the-development-and-implementation-of-medium-term-topical-research-roadmaps-consistent-with-the-alliance-strategic-research-agenda
#16
Jacqueline Garnier-Laplace, Hildegarde Vandenhove, N Beresford, Maarit Muikku, Almudena Real
The ALLIANCE Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) initiated by the STAR Network of Excellence and integrated in the research strategy implemented by the COMET consortium, defines a long-term vision of the needs for, and implementation of, research in radioecology. This reference document, reflecting views from many stakeholders groups and researchers, serves as an input to those responsible for defining EU research call topics through the ALLIANCE SRA statement delivered each year to the EJP CONCERT (2015-2020)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160165/machine-learning-social-learning-and-the-governance-of-self-driving-cars
#17
Jack Stilgoe
Self-driving cars, a quintessentially 'smart' technology, are not born smart. The algorithms that control their movements are learning as the technology emerges. Self-driving cars represent a high-stakes test of the powers of machine learning, as well as a test case for social learning in technology governance. Society is learning about the technology while the technology learns about society. Understanding and governing the politics of this technology means asking 'Who is learning, what are they learning and how are they learning?' Focusing on the successes and failures of social learning around the much-publicized crash of a Tesla Model S in 2016, I argue that trajectories and rhetorics of machine learning in transport pose a substantial governance challenge...
November 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160139/high-and-rising-burden-of-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-in-the-nordic-region-1990-2015
#18
Aliasghar A Kiadaliri, L Stefan Lohmander, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ingemar F Petersson, Martin Englund
Background and purpose - Osteoarthritis (OA) imposes a substantial burden on individuals and societies. We report on the burden of knee and hip OA in the Nordic region. Patients and methods - We used the findings from the 2015 Global Burden of Diseases Study to explore prevalence, years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) of OA in the 6 Nordic countries during 1990-2015 (population of about 27 million in 2015). Results - During 1990-2015, the number of prevalent OA cases increased by 43% to 1,507,587 (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 1,454,338-1,564,778) in the region...
November 21, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160042/hypoxia-challenge-test-and-retinal-circulation-changes-a-study-using-ocular-coherence-tomography-angiography
#19
David Cordeiro Sousa, Inês Leal, Susana Moreira, Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Abegão Pinto, Carlos Marques-Neves
PURPOSE: Previous studies report that the response of retinal vessels to a decrease in oxygen (hypoxia) is vasodilation, thus increasing blood flow. We aimed to characterize the changes in retinal microvasculature induced by a mild hypoxia stress test in a healthy population, using ocular coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) technology. METHODS: Interventional repeated-measures study. The standardized hypoxia challenge test (HCT) was performed to all volunteers, according to the British Thoracic Society protocol...
November 21, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160023/the-self-reference-effect-on-perception-undiminished-in-adults-with-autism-and-no-relation-to-autism-traits
#20
David M Williams, Toby Nicholson, Catherine Grainger
Memory for (and perception of) information about the self is superior to memory for (and perception of) other kinds of information. This self-reference effect (SRE) in memory appears diminished in ASD and related to the number of ASD traits manifested by neurotypical individuals (fewer traits = larger SRE). Here, we report the first experiments exploring the relation between ASD and the SRE in perception. Using a "Shapes" Task (Sui et al., Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38, 1105, 2012), participants learned to associate three different shapes (triangle, circle, square) with three different labels representing self, a familiar other, or an unfamiliar other (e...
November 21, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
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