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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931010/response-to-folfirinox-by-gender-in-patients-with-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-results-from-the-prodige-4-accord-11-randomized-trial
#1
Aurélien Lambert, Marta Jarlier, Sophie Gourgou Bourgade, Thierry Conroy
BACKGROUND: Hohla et al. suggested that female gender could positively predict response to FOLFIRINOX in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. In this study, we explored the response to the FOLFIRINOX regimen by gender within the trial PRODIGE4/ACCORD 11. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were described by gender, both in FOLFIRINOX group and in the intention-to-treat population of the trial. The relative effect of gender (females in comparison to males) on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival was estimated by using a Cox proportional hazard model and was presented with the Hazard Ratio and their 95% confidence interval...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926090/efficacy-of-different-chemotherapy-regimens-in-treatment-of-advanced-or-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-a-network-meta-analysis
#2
Shu-Hua Zhang, Gui-Feng Liu, Xue-Feng Li, Lin Liu, Shao-Nan Yu
We performed a network meta-analysis (NMA) to compare the short- and long-term efficacy of Gemcitabine, Gemcitabine + S-1 (tegafur), Gemcitabine + nab-paclitaxel, Gemcitabine + Capecitabine, Gemcitabine + Cisplatin, FOLFIRINOX (oxaliplatin + irinotecan + fluorouracil + leucovorin), Gemcitabine + oxaliplatin, Gemcitabine + irinotecan, Gemcitabine + Exatecan, Gemcitabine + pemetrexed, Gemcitabine + 5-FU and S-1 in treating advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer (PC)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895032/resection-of-locally-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-without-regression-of-arterial-encasement-after-modern-era-neoadjuvant-therapy
#3
Michael D Kluger, M Farzan Rashid, Vilma L Rosario, Beth A Schrope, Jonathan A Steinman, Elizabeth M Hecht, John A Chabot
INTRODUCTION: Modern-era systemic therapy for locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (LAPC) offers improved survival relative to historical regimens but not necessarily improved radiographic downstaging to allow more patients to undergo resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival, progression, and pathologic outcomes after resection of LAPC that did not regress from > 180 degrees arterial encasement after neoadjuvant therapy. METHODS: Sixty-one LAPC patients were brought to the operating room after neoadjuvant therapy for NCCN-defined unresectable pancreatic cancer between 2012 and 2017...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890819/the-role-of-induction-chemotherapy-chemoradiotherapy-in-localised-pancreatic-cancer-initial-experience-in-scotland
#4
Derek Grose, David McIntosh, Nigel Jamieson, Ross Carter, Euan Dickson, David Chang, Husam Marashi, Christina Wilson, Mohammed Alfayez, Ashleigh Kerr, Roisin O'Donoghue, Lea Haskins, Fraser Duthie, Colin J McKay, Janet Graham
BACKGROUND: Despite being relatively rare pancreatic cancer is one of the highest causes of death. Even within the potentially resectable group outcomes are poor. We present our initial experiences utilising a neoadjuvant approach to localised pancreatic cancer, evaluating survival, response rates and tolerability. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database. Patients from 2012 to 2015 referred to a busy regional Hepato-Pancreatic Biliary (HPB) MDT were included...
August 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888554/how-to-treat-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-in-elderly-how-far-can-we-go-in-2017
#5
REVIEW
Marine Gilabert, Jean Luc Raoul, Frederique Rousseau
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is one of the most fatal cancers that frequently affects older patients. Limited data suggest that older patients are as likely to benefit from surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy as younger patients. The only potentially curative approach for pancreatic cancer is surgery but this is only performed in less than 20% of patients considered resectable. With improvements in surgical techniques, older patients without major comorbidities show a course of disease after resection similar to that of younger patients...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884286/combination-of-irinotecan-oxaliplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-as-a-rechallenge-regimen-for-heavily-pretreated-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients
#6
Gustavo Dos Santos Fernandes, Maria Ignez Braghiroli, Michelle Artioli, Ana Carolina Carvalho Rocha Paterlini, Marcela Crosara Teixeira, Brenda Pires Gumz, Daniel da Motta Girardi, Oddone F M Braghiroli, Frederico Perego Costa, Paulo M Hoff
PURPOSE: Our objective was to evaluate the benefit of re-exposing patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) to a combination of oxaliplatin, irinotecan and 5-fluorouracil treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed patients with mCRC who received a combination of oxaliplatin, irinotecan and fluorouracil as a rechallenge regimen after progressing on the same drugs. Both FOLFOXIRI and FOLFIRINOX were used. Toxicity was evaluated for each treatment cycle, and survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869888/pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-state-of-the-art-2017-and-new-therapeutic-strategies
#7
REVIEW
Marta Chiaravalli, Michele Reni, Eileen M O'Reilly
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a fatal malignancy with an overall 5-year survival of 8% for all stages combined. The majority of patients present with stage IV disease at diagnosis and these patients have an overall 5-year survival of 3%. Currently, the standard of care for metastatic pancreas adenocarcinoma is combination cytotoxic therapy, namely FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel for good performance status patients. Given the challenges and the rising incidence of PDAC expected to become the second leading cause of cancer-related death by 2030, there is a major unmet need to develop more effective therapies...
August 23, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868015/chronic-oxaliplatin-based-chemotherapy-in-a-primary-ampullary-adenocarcinoma-patient-without-significant-peripheral-neuropathy-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Nedal Bukhari, Eric Winquist
Peripheral neuropathy is the most common dose-limiting toxicity associated with oxaliplatin. We report on a 61-year-old female patient with advanced primary ampullary adenocarcinoma who received 35 cycles of FOLFIRINOX (5-fluorouracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) chemotherapy. The patient has tolerated this treatment without developing significant peripheral neuropathy.
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864067/a-novel-chemoradiation-targeting-stem-and-nonstem-pancreatic-cancer-cells-by-repurposing-disulfiram
#9
Juan Cong, Yangyang Wang, Xiao Zhang, Nan Zhang, Ling Liu, Klara Soukup, Theodoros Michelakos, Theodore Hong, Albert DeLeo, Lei Cai, Francesco Sabbatino, Soldano Ferrone, Hang Lee, Vera Levina, Bryan Fuchs, Kenneth Tanabe, Keith Lillemoe, Cristina Ferrone, Xinhui Wang
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a 5-year relative survival rate of 8% and is projected to be the second leading cause of cancer death by 2030, underscoring the urgency to develop new strategies to improve current therapeutic modalities for PDAC. Targeting pancreatic cancer stem cells (PCSCs), which are resistant to radiation and chemotherapy, is a promising strategy. A novel approach which can be readily clinically translated is to repurpose disulfiram (DSF), a drug for treating alcoholism, to target PCSCs...
August 30, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841916/neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-versus-surgery-first-for-resectable-pancreatic-cancer-norwegian-pancreatic-cancer-trial-1-norpact-1-study-protocol-for-a-national-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Knut Jørgen Labori, Kristoffer Lassen, Dag Hoem, Jon Erik Grønbech, Jon Arne Søreide, Kim Mortensen, Rune Smaaland, Halfdan Sorbye, Caroline Verbeke, Svein Dueland
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death. While surgical resection remains the foundation for potentially curative treatment, survival benefit is achieved with adjuvant oncological treatment. Thus, completion of multimodality treatment (surgical resection and (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy) to all patients and early treatment of micrometastatic disease is the ideal goal. NorPACT-1 aims to test the hypothesis that overall mortality at one year after allocation of treatment can be reduced with neoadjuvant chemotherapy in surgically treated patients with resectable pancreatic cancer...
August 25, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835777/current-status-on-the-place-of-folfirinox-in-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-and-future-directions
#11
REVIEW
Aurélien Lambert, Céline Gavoille, Thierry Conroy
Pancreatic cancer (PC) incidence rates are rapidly increasing in developed countries, with half the patients being metastatic at diagnosis. For decades, fluorouracil, then gemcitabine regimens were the preferred palliative first-line options for fit patients with metastatic PC. FOLFIRINOX (a combination of bolus and infusional fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan and oxaliplatin) was introduced to clinical practice in 2010 due to the results of the phase II/III trial (PRODIGE 4/ACCORD 11) comparing FOLFIRINOX with single-agent gemcitabine as first-line treatment for patients with MPC...
August 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820270/second-line-treatment-options-for-pancreatic-cancer
#12
Frank C Passero, Muhammad Wasif Saif
ABTRACT Introduction: Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) refractory to first-line therapy have a dismal prognosis and limited therapeutic options, with only one option consisting of nanoliposomal irinotecan in combination with fluorouracil and folinic acid which was approved by FDA based upon results of the phase III NAPOLI-1 study. Areas covered: We performed a literature search for relevant published clinical trials, abstracts of trials in progress and ongoing or planned trials for the second line treatment of APC using Pubmed...
August 18, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808501/evolving-treatment-landscape-for-early-and-advanced-pancreatic-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Sally C Lau, Winson Y Cheung
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is an infrequent cancer with a high disease related mortality rate, even in the context of early stage disease. Until recently, the rate of death from pancreatic cancer has remained largely similar whereby gemcitabine monotherapy was the mainstay of systemic treatment for most stages of disease. With the discovery of active multi-agent chemotherapy regimens, namely FOLFIRINOX and gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel, the treatment landscape of pancreatic cancer is slowly evolving...
July 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804517/update-on-the-role-of-nanoliposomal-irinotecan-in-the-treatment-of-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Fnu Asad Ur Rahman, Saeed Ali, Muhammad Wasif Saif
Median survival for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) treated with combination chemotherapeutic agents such as gemcitabine-based regimens and FOLFIRINOX is currently less than 12 months. This highlights the need for more efficacious first-line, as well as second-line therapies. Nanoliposomal irinotecan, in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/folinic acid has recently been assessed as second-line therapy after initial gemcitabine-based therapy. It is the first, second-line treatment approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat patients with MPC based on results of the NAnoliPOsomaL Irinotecan (NAPOLI-1) study, which showed that this regimen significantly prolonged progression-free survival (3...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795609/comparison-of-treatment-patterns-and-economic-outcomes-among-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-patients-initiated-on-nab-paclitaxel-plus-gemcitabine-versus-folfirinox
#15
Ali McBride, Machaon Bonafede, Qian Cai, Nicole Princic, Oth Tran, Corey Pelletier, Monika Parisi, Manish Patel
BACKGROUND: The economic burden of metastatic pancreatic cancer (mPC) is substantial while treatment options are limited. Little is known about the treatment patterns and healthcare costs among mPC patients who initiated first-line gemcitabine plus nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-P + G) and FOLFIRINOX. METHODS: The MarketScan® claims databases were used to identify adults with ≥2 claims for pancreatic cancer, 1 claim for a secondary malignancy, completed ≥1 cycle of nab-P + G or FOLFIRINOX during 4/1/2013 and 3/31/2015, and had continuous plan enrollment for ≥6 months pre- and 3 months after the first-line treatment...
August 21, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750659/alliance-for-clinical-trials-in-oncology-alliance-trial-a021501-preoperative-extended-chemotherapy-vs-chemotherapy-plus-hypofractionated-radiation-therapy-for-borderline-resectable-adenocarcinoma-of-the-head-of-the-pancreas
#16
Matthew H G Katz, Fang-Shu Ou, Joseph M Herman, Syed A Ahmad, Brian Wolpin, Robert Marsh, Spencer Behr, Qian Shi, Michael Chuong, Lawrence H Schwartz, Wendy Frankel, Eric Collisson, Eugene J Koay, JoLeen M Hubbard, James L Leenstra, Jeffrey Meyerhardt, Eileen O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Borderline resectable pancreatic cancers infiltrate into adjacent vascular structures to an extent that makes an R0 resection unlikely when pancreatectomy is performed de novo. In a pilot study, Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Trial A021101, the median survival of patients who received chemotherapy and radiation prior to anticipated pancreatectomy was 22 months, and 64% of operations achieved an R0 resection. However, the individual contributions of preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy to therapeutic outcome remain poorly defined...
July 27, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736643/comparison-of-efficacy-and-toxicity-of-folfirinox-and-gemcitabine-with-nab-paclitaxel-in-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#17
Tetsuhito Muranaka, Masaki Kuwatani, Yoshito Komatsu, Kentaro Sawada, Hiroshi Nakatsumi, Yasuyuki Kawamoto, Satoshi Yuki, Yoshimasa Kubota, Kimitoshi Kubo, Shuhei Kawahata, Kazumichi Kawakubo, Hiroshi Kawakami, Naoya Sakamoto
BACKGROUND: Irinotecan, oxaliplatin and leucovorin-modulated fluorouracil (FOLFIRINOX) and the combination regimen of gemcitabine and nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (GnP) (nab-PTX) improve the prognosis of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, no study has compared the efficacy of the two regimens. We compared retrospectively the efficacy and safety of the two regimens in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer received FOLFIRINOX or GnP as first-line chemotherapy between December 2013 and September 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736642/gemcitabine-nab-paclitaxel-as-second-line-therapy-following-folfirinox-in-metastatic-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-retrospective-analysis-of-response
#18
Khanh T Nguyen, Aparna Kalyan, H Scott Beasley, Aatur D Singhi, Weijing Sun, Herbert J Zeh, Daniel Normolle, Nathan Bahary
BACKGROUND: Given the tolerability of nPG in first-line therapy, we desired to evaluate the response and toxicity profiles of second-line gemcitabine with nab-paclitaxel (nPG) following FOLFIRINOX. Methods: We retrospectively identified 30 patients who received first-line FOLFIRINOX for unresectable or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma followed by second-line nPG. Response was evaluated by RECIST criteria and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) change. RESULTS: Median age was 63 years with 77% percent having metastatic disease...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736631/shifting-paradigm-of-developing-biologics-for-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#19
REVIEW
Ying Zeng, Agnieszka A Rucki, Xu Che, Lei Zheng
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is still widely considered as a deadly disease even though there are substantial therapeutic developments in the past decade. Using combinational chemotherapy regimens, represented by gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel and FOLFIRINOX, was able to improve overall survival in patients with advanced disease to a limited extent. It has been a challenge to develop targeted therapies that are focused on the neoplasm cells of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Recently, targeting the stroma and immune compartments of pancreatic adenocarcinoma has shown promising results...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729048/modified-folfirinox-in-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-a-prospective-study-in-chinese-population
#20
Xiang Li, Tao Ma, Qi Zhang, Yi-Gang Chen, Cheng-Xiang Guo, Yi-Nan Shen, Pei-Wei Sun, Guo-Gang Li, Shun-Liang Gao, Ri-Sheng Que, Jian-Ying Lou, Ri-Sheng Yu, Ying Yuan, Qi-Chun Wei, Shu-Mei Wei, Yun Zhang, Lei Zheng, Xue-Li Bai, Ting-Bo Liang
FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy has shown remarkable responses in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC), and has significantly improved prognosis. However, FOLFIRINOX is currently not frequently applied in China because of its high incidence of adverse events, and there is no recognized optimization for this therapy in Chinese population. Modification of FOLFIRINOX may be better for its acceptance in China. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of modified-FOLFIRINOX in patients with MPC. A total of 62 MPC patients were treated with modified-FOLFIRINOX (no Fluorouracil bolus, 85% Oxaliplatin and 75% Irinotecan) between April 2014 and April 2017 in our institute...
October 10, 2017: Cancer Letters
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