keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuroleptic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209753/-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
R Knorr, J Schöllkopf, E Haen
BACKGROUND: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare but severe undesired complication of psychopharmacological treatment. The mortality has shown a significant decrease since its first description. Knowledge of NMS is important for every clinician because of the need for rapid diagnosis and treatment. OBJECTIVE: This article presents a review and critical appraisal of the current study situation for NMS. Recommendations for diagnostics, differential diagnostics and treatment are presented particularly from a clinical perspective...
December 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207768/controversies-in-serotonin-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Mohd Faisal Uddin, Richard Alweis, Syed Raza Shah, Noman Lateef, Waqas Shahnawaz, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Amin Muhammad Dharani, Syed Arbab Shah
Over the past few years, Serotonin Syndrome (SS) has become a significant clinical concern. Over the last decade, United States saw a surge in antidepressant use. SS characteristically presents as the triad of altered mental status, autonomic dysfunction and neuromuscular excitation. Symptoms vary from patient to patient with mild cases presenting with subacute symptoms and severe cases progressing rapidly to death. Due to the protean manifestations of the syndrome along with non-specific prodromal, SS can easily be misdiagnosed if not carefully assessed...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202811/high-prevalence-of-prescription-of-psychotropic-drugs-for-older-patients-in-a-general-hospital
#3
Inken Arnold, Kati Straube, Wolfgang Himmel, Stephanie Heinemann, Vivien Weiss, Laura Heyden, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Roland Nau
BACKGROUND: Many elderly patients receive psychotropic drugs. Treatment with psychotropic agents is associated with serious side effects including an increased risk of falls and fractures. Several psychotropic drugs are considered potentially inappropriate for treatment of the elderly. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted covering all patients aged ≥ 65 years who were admitted to Evangelisches Krankenhaus Göttingen-Weende between 01/01/2013 and 03/31/2013...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202456/neuroleptics-as-therapeutic-compounds-stabilizing-neuromuscular-transmission-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#4
Shunmoogum A Patten, Dina Aggad, Jose Martinez, Elsa Tremblay, Janet Petrillo, Gary Ab Armstrong, Alexandre La Fontaine, Claudia Maios, Meijiang Liao, Sorana Ciura, Xiao-Yan Wen, Victor Rafuse, Justin Ichida, Lorne Zinman, Jean-Pierre Julien, Edor Kabashi, Richard Robitaille, Lawrence Korngut, J Alexander Parker, Pierre Drapeau
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressing, fatal disorder with no effective treatment. We used simple genetic models of ALS to screen phenotypically for potential therapeutic compounds. We screened libraries of compounds in C. elegans, validated hits in zebrafish, and tested the most potent molecule in mice and in a small clinical trial. We identified a class of neuroleptics that restored motility in C. elegans and in zebrafish, and the most potent was pimozide, which blocked T-type Ca2+ channels in these simple models and stabilized neuromuscular transmission in zebrafish and enhanced it in mice...
November 16, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201474/globus-pallidus-internus-deep-brain-stimulation-for-disabling-diabetic-hemiballism-hemichorea
#5
Byung-Chul Son, Jin-Gyu Choi, Hak-Cheol Ko
Unilateral hemichorea/hemiballism (HH) associated with contralateral neuroimaging abnormalities of the basal ganglia, which is characterized by T1 hyperintensity on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and is secondary to diabetic nonketotic hyperglycemia, is a rare and unique complication of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (DM). Although almost all prior reports have documented rapid resolution of HH within days after normalization of blood glucose levels, medically refractory persistent HH has been noted...
2017: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183618/encephalitis-associated-with-antibodies-against-the-nmda-receptor
#6
REVIEW
Mar Guasp, Josep Dalmau
The encephalitis associated with antibodies against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is characterized by the presence of antibodies against the GluN1 subunit of this receptor, resulting in symptoms that are similar to those observed in models of genetic or pharmacologic reduction of NMDARs. Patients are usually young adults, predominantly women, and children who develop, in a sequential manner, rapidly progressive symptoms including psychosis, abnormal movements, autonomic dysfunction, and coma. Epileptic seizures are variable and can occur throughout the course of the disease...
November 25, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182611/the-differential-effects-of-neuroleptic-drugs-and-pacap-on-the-expression-of-bdnf-mrna-and-protein-in-a-human-glioblastoma-cell-line
#7
Marta Jóźwiak-Bębenista, Magdalena Jasińska-Stroschein, Edward Kowalczyk
Despite numerous studies, the molecular mechanisms underpinning the action of antipsychotic drugs remain not fully understood. It has been suggested that, in addition to the modulation of monoaminergic neurotransmission, antipsychotic drugs can also affect the expression of neurotrophic factors in the brain. The present study examines the effects of a first-generation neuroleptic drug (FGA; haloperidol) and two second-generation neuroleptic drugs (SGAs; olanzapine and amisulpride) on the expression and levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in an astrocyte-like T98G glioblastoma cell line...
2017: Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167640/visceral-fat-dysfunctions-in-the-rat-social-isolation-model-of-psychosis
#8
Stefania Schiavone, Giulia M Camerino, Emanuela Mhillaj, Margherita Zotti, Marilena Colaianna, Angelo De Giorgi, Antonello Trotta, Francesco P Cantatore, Elena Conte, Maria Bove, Paolo Tucci, Maria G Morgese, Luigia Trabace
Medication with neuroleptics has been associated with adipose tissue dysfunctions and, in particular, with increased visceral fat amount. However, several studies suggested that antipsychotic treatment might not be the main responsible of fat mass accumulation, as this has been also described in not treated psychotic patients. One of the most used "drug-free" rodent models of psychosis is the social isolation rearing of young adult rats, which provides a non-pharmacologic method of inducing long-term alterations reminiscent of symptoms seen in psychotic patients...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156427/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-effects-of-neuroticism-and-extraversion-on-subjective-well-being-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Floor A van Dijk, Frederike Schirmbeck, Lieuwe de Haan
One in five patients with a psychotic disorder has persistent low subjective well-being (SWB), which is associated with a poorer prognosis. In schizophrenia patients, personality traits are associated with SWB. The present study aims to evaluate whether neuroticism and extraversion influence SWB in patients with a psychotic disorder and healthy controls over the course of time. In 186 patients and 126 healthy control subjects, SWB was measured with the Subjective Well-being under Neuroleptics-20 (SWN) scale at baseline, three years and six years...
November 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154107/aripiprazole-in-treatment-of-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-new-therapeutic-option
#10
REVIEW
Piotr Janik, Natalia Szejko
Aripiprazole is a dopamine D2- and serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)1A receptor partial agonist and 5-HT2A receptor antagonist primarily used for the treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or depression with psychotic ideation. However, recently a number of new possible indications have been suggested, among them Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS). In two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies in children and adolescents with GTS has been confirmed the efficacy of aripiprazole in tic reduction...
November 9, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151089/capgras-syndrome-and-other-delusional-misidentification-syndromes
#11
Alain Barrelle, J-P Luauté
The delusional misidentification syndromes (DMS) are a group of disorders, characterized by patients mistaking the identity of people they know, although they recognize them physically. The term DMS is an umbrella term which may cover disorders whose definition extends to objects other than people, such as animals, places, or familiar material objects. The most common and best known DMS is Capgras syndrome. In this disorder, the misidentification leads to the delusional conviction that a close friend or relative has been replaced by an identical - or almost identical - "double," whose original has disappeared...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151017/neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-following-bilateral-cemented-total-hip-replacements
#12
Usman Halim, Sanil Ajwani, Martyn Lovell
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a rare, serious complication caused by neuroleptic medications. It is characterized by rigidity, hyperthermia, tachycardia, leukocytosis, and an elevated creatine kinase (CK). We present a case of a 50-year-old male who underwent bilateral total hip replacements and subsequently developed NMS. This condition is typically triggered by the sudden introduction, omission, or change in dose of a neuroleptic; in contrast with previous case reports of post-surgical NMS, however, no such trigger was identifiable for our patient...
December 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147805/can-clinical-practice-indicator-relating-to-long-acting-benzodiazepine-use-in-the-elderly-be-easily-generated-in-a-hospital-setting
#13
Badria Kadri, Antonio Teixeira, Christelle Duteil, Annabelle Tan, Hélène Barreteau, Christophe Segouin, Pénélope Troude
BACKGROUND: To improve the appropriate use of long-acting benzodiazepine (la.bzd) prescriptions in the elderly, the Haute Autorité de Santé (HAS) has developed clinical practice indicators (CPI). The alert indicator (AI) evaluates the prevalence of la.bzd prescription among older people. The mastering indicator (MI) corresponds to the prevalence of elderly with a justified, i.e., appropriate, la.bzd prescription among all the elderly with la.bzd prescriptions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of routine generation of CPI regarding la...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144549/zuclopenthixol-dihydrochloride-for-schizophrenia
#14
REVIEW
Edward J Bryan, Marie Ann Purcell, Ajit Kumar
BACKGROUND: Oral zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride (Clopixol) is an anti-psychotic treatment for people with psychotic symptoms, especially those with schizophrenia. It is associated with neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a prolongation of the QTc interval, extra-pyramidal reactions, venous thromboembolism and may modify insulin and glucose responses. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride for treatment of schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Trials Register (latest search 09 June 2015)...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123489/plasmapheresis-responsive-rapid-onset-dementia-with-predominantly-frontal-dysfunction-in-the-context-of-hashimoto-s-encephalopathy
#15
Dominique Endres, Magnus S Vry, Petra Dykierek, Anne N Riering, Eva Lüngen, Oliver Stich, Rick Dersch, Nils Venhoff, Daniel Erny, Irina Mader, Philipp T Meyer, Ludger Tebartz van Elst
Background: Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare immunological neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by increased antithyroid antibodies and mixed neurological and psychiatric symptoms. HE has been previously discussed as a differential diagnosis for rapid progressive dementia. However, most of these patients suffered from additional neurological symptoms, like ataxia or seizures. Case presentation: Here, we present the case of a 59-year-old female patient suffering rapid onset dementia with salient frontal executive dysfunction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122973/capsaicin-cream-for-treatment-of-cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-in-adolescents-a-case-series
#16
Jessica Graham, Michael Barberio, George Sam Wang
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is an underrecognized diagnosis among adolescents. In the adult literature, it is characterized as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain in patients with chronic marijuana use. CHS is often refractory to the standard treatment of nausea and vomiting. Unconventional antiemetics, such as haloperidol, have been successful in alleviating symptoms; however, even 1 dose of haloperidol can lead to grave adverse effects, such as dystonia, extrapyramidal reactions, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome...
November 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115757/parkinson-s-disease-nursing-care-in-emergency-settings
#17
Vicky Queen
In the UK 127,000 people are diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, many of whom are frequently admited to hospital. However, Parkinson's disease is not usually the primary cause of admission. Emergency department (ED) nurses must be aware of the medication needs of people with Parkinson's disease and how these can be met in emergency setings to ensure the stability of their condition and to prevent the development of neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a potentially fatal condition caused by abrupt omission of Parkinson's medication...
September 14, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111383/disturbed-glutathione-antioxidative-defense-is-associated-with-structural-brain-changes-in-neuroleptic-na%C3%A3-ve-first-episode-psychosis-patients
#18
K Langbein, J Hesse, A Gussew, B Milleit, S Lavoie, G P Amminger, C Gaser, G Wagner, J R Reichenbach, U-C Hipler, D Winter, S Smesny
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress and impaired antioxidant defense are reported in schizophrenia and are thought to be associated with disturbed neurodevelopment, brain structural alterations, glutamatergic imbalance, negative symptomatology, and cognitive impairment. To test some of these assumptions we investigated the glutathione (GSH) antioxidant defense system (AODS) and brain structural abnormalities in drug-naïve individuals with first acute episode of psychosis (FEP). METHOD: The study involved 27 drug-naïve FEP patients and 31 healthy controls (HC)...
October 18, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106793/body-mass-index-and-plasma-leptin-in-psychiatric-suicide-attempters
#19
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate body mass index (BMI) and its correlate plasma leptin levels that have been associated with psychiatric morbidity and suicidal behaviour, in relation to clinical features in psychiatric patients after a suicide attempt. METHODS: BMI and plasma leptin were assessed in 198 patients (66 males, age range of 21 to 80 years) who were admitted to the hospital after a suicide attempt, 98 with major depressive disorder, 28 with bipolar disorder, 30 with psychosis, and 42 with personality or adjustment disorder, compared to data of 134 healthy subjects, and evaluated in relation to gender, diagnosis, mode of attempt, and pharmacological treatment before attempt...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071696/diagnosing-and-managing-delirium-in-cancer-patients
#20
Andrew Edelstein, Yesne Alici
Delirium is frequently encountered when caring for cancer patients, from initial diagnosis to the advanced stages of the disease; however, it is often missed. Oncologists need to be familiar with the various defining features of the condition, and should be able to identify common underlying causes. We present a systematic approach to the workup, as well as pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches to management. We discuss the common practice of treatment with neuroleptics, as well as recent controversy surrounding their use...
September 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
keyword
keyword
4369
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"