keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuroleptic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928593/diminished-hedonic-response-in-neuroleptic-free-youth-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#1
Gregory P Strauss, Ivan Ruiz, Katherine H Visser, Laura P Crespo, Elizabeth K Dickinson
Hedonic response is preserved in schizophrenia. However, it is unclear whether this is also true in individuals meeting criteria for "prodromal" psychosis, who are considered to be at symptomatic high risk for developing the disorder. In this study, we examined neurophysiological and self-reported response to emotional stimuli in UHR ( n  = 23) and healthy control (CN: n  = 30) participants who passively viewed pleasant, unpleasant, and neutral images for 500 ms while the electroencephalogram was recorded and then provided self-reports of valence and arousal to the stimuli...
June 2018: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925556/bilateral-chorea-ballismus-detection-and-management-of-a-rare-complication-of-non-ketotic-hyperglycaemia
#2
Venkata Sunil Bendi, Abhishek Matta, Diego Torres-Russotto, James Shou
Non-ketotic hyperglycaemia (NKH) is the most common metabolic cause of hemichorea-hemiballismus (HC-HB) and an often-reversible condition. A 68-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a severe hyperglycaemic episode and altered mental status. He was treated appropriately and discharged home after his blood glucose levels were normal with an improvement of mental status. Four weeks after the discharge, he returned with flailing movements of bilateral upper and lower limbs. MRI of the brain revealed hyperintensities of the bilateral putamen on T1-weighted imaging...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924397/commentary-frying-pan-to-fire-commentary-on-stringaris-et-al-2018
#3
Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
The bipolar disorder diagnosis in prepubertal children became popular because it answered a clinical need to treat the explosive behavior component of irritability and the hope that antimanic strategies would be helpful. Poor definition of episodes resulted in mixing chronic and episodic irritability in samples of children with bipolar disorder. The subsequent dramatic increase in neuroleptic use is a testimony to the importance of the problem of irritability and our need to better understand it. Insofar as our use of the term irritability conflates proneness to anger with the subsequent aggressive response, it will again not be clear who is being studied...
July 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923603/neuropeptide-y-affects-thalamic-reticular-nucleus-neuronal-firing-and-network-synchronization-associated-with-suppression-of-spike-wave-discharges
#4
Idrish Ali, Arun Gandrathi, Thomas Zheng, Margaret J Morris, Terence J O'Brien, Chris French
OBJECTIVES: Neuropeptide Y (NPY) potently suppresses spike-wave discharges (SWDs) in a genetic rat model of absence epilepsy (GAERS), but the underlying neurophysiologic mechanisms are not clear. We therefore sought to determine the in vivo effects of NPY on neuronal firing in the cortico-thalamo-cortical network activity, known to play a critical role in the generation of SWDs in these rats. METHODS: NPY was administered intracerebroventricularly (ICV) or in separate experiments locally on the neurons of caudal thalamic reticular nucleus (NRT) by use of juxtacellular iontophoresis in triple-barrel electrodes in male GAERS aged 12-15 weeks, in vivo under neuroleptic anesthesia...
June 20, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911534/rituximab-treated-pemphigus-foliaceus-in-a-schizophrenic-patient-a-challenging-exercise-in-diagnosis-management-and-follow-up
#5
Nicholas A Ross, Miriam L Vega, Matthew S Keller
Dermatology was consulted in the care of a 58-year-old man with a history of paranoid schizophrenia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a positive purified protein derivative test, and a lack of bathing for approximately 4 years who had been admitted to the hospital because of thick, crusted lesions over an increasing portion of his body. Admitted involuntarily, he was disinterested in the history, physical examination, and diagnostic testing. Comorbid schizophrenia presented a unique challenge because he was unable to participate in his care effectively...
2018: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895596/neuroleptic-prescribing-and-monitoring-practices-in-pediatric-inpatient-medical-and-psychiatric-settings
#6
Lan Le, Jolene R Bostwick, Arnold Andreasen, Nasuh Malas
BACKGROUND: Pediatric use of second-generation antipsychotics, or neuroleptics, has increased over the past decade. Neuroleptic use can have significant and lasting adverse neurologic, metabolic, and cardiovascular effects. In the current literature, neuroleptic prescribing and monitoring is described in outpatient settings, with little description of inpatient pediatric practice. In this study, we are the first to explore prescribing and monitoring in inpatient pediatrics, highlighting similarities and differences in practice between pediatric medicine and psychiatry...
June 12, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892970/olanzapine-as-a-cause-of-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-bibliographic-review-following-a-clinical-case
#7
Eva M García-Atienza, José L Agudo-Mena, Encarnación Cuesta-Vizcaíno, Carmen L Val-Jiménez, Miguel A Sáez-Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891098/the-dissemination-of-the-french-school-of-psychiatry-and-its-impact-in-the-world
#8
S Richa, M Masson, S-P Tawil
The French School of Psychiatry has characteristics which are proper to it, and it conveys many notions related to health care, in addition to the accompaniment and the comprehension of mentally ill people and mental illness. These notions are specific to the French culture. Thus, famous French psychiatrists have described many syndromes and discovered the first neuroleptic, chlorpromazine. Among these psychiatrists: Pinel, Esquirol, Janet, Ey, Delay and Deniker. Furthermore, the first World Psychiatry Congress was held in Paris in 1950...
June 8, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866205/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-on-delirium-duration-of-non-intubated-icu-patients-4d-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-trial
#9
Clémence Louis, Thomas Godet, Gérald Chanques, Nathalie Bourguignon, Dominique Morand, Bruno Pereira, Jean-Michel Constantin
BACKGROUND: Delirium during intensive care unit (ICU) stay is frequent and associated with significant morbidity, mortality and healthcare-related costs. International guidelines suggest its prevention. However, curative treatment remains unclearly established. Despite contradictory and ambiguous academic literature, international guidelines suggest the use of second-generation (atypical) antipsychotics over haloperidol. However, haloperidol remains the most widely used neuroleptic worldwide as a first-line treatment of agitation and/or delirium...
June 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864758/electroconvulsive-therapy-general-considerations-and-experience-in-croatia
#10
Alma Mihaljević-Peleš, Maja Bajs Janović, Ana Stručić, Marina Šagud, Milena Skočić HanŽek, Maja Živković, Špiro Janović
Despite controversy, ECT has been recognized as significantly effective for the treatment of mental disorders since 1938, when Cerletti and Bini introduced ECT in clinical psychiatric practice for treatment of schizophrenia. In the next period, indication for ECT switched more toward depression and catatonia. ECT was even banned from psychiatric training in 1960's, due to the anti-psychiatric movement, which were fortified by Oscar winning movie "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest". Due to its robust effectiveness, ECT revived in the early 1980's and today holds its position in clinical psychiatric practices around the world...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790849/-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-antibody-encephalitis-the-janus-faced-disorder
#11
Ildiko Sipos
The recognition of the antibody-mediated encephalitis as a separate entity among the immune disorders of the central nervous system was one of the greatest breakthroughs of the last two decades in neurology. Unlike viral or tumor-related encephalitis, the antibody-mediated form has a good response to immunotherapy, which gives a special clinical importance to the discovery. Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is one of the first fully characterized antibody-mediated encephalitises. This article attempts to summarize the clinical features of this complex neuropsychiatric disorder with the aim to help its early recognition and to report the clinical course and the outcome of our six seropositive anti-NMDAR cases...
March 2018: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786810/-epilepsy-and-comorbid-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#12
Viviann Nordin, Ingrid B Olsson, Torbjörn Tomson
In children and adults with epilepsy, it is important to be aware of and diagnose common comorbidities that may have a large impact on quality of life. Comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders include intellectual disability, autism, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Depression and anxiety are common findings, and also the risk of psychosis is increased. The medication used to treat these comorbidities is found to be effective with little risks of seizure exacerbation, i.e. medication with methylphenidate, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and second generation neuroleptics...
May 22, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776669/-the-role-of-end-of-life-palliative-sedation-medical-and-ethical-aspects-review
#13
REVIEW
Miriam S Menezes, Maria das Graças Mota da Cruz de Assis Figueiredo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Palliative sedation is a medical procedure that has been used for more than 25 years to relieve refractory symptoms not responsive to any previous treatment in patients with no possibility of cure and near the end of life. Many uncertainties persist on the issue regarding definition, indications, decision making, most appropriate place to perform the procedure, most used drugs, need for monitoring, fluids and nutritional support, and possible ethical dilemmas...
May 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747709/polimedication-applicability-of-a-computer-tool-to-reduce-polypharmacy-in-nursing-homes
#14
Tomás M García-Caballero, Juan Lojo, Carlos Menéndez, Roberto Fernández-Álvarez, Raimundo Mateos, Alejandro Garcia-Caballero
ABSTRACTBackground:The risks of polypharmacy can be far greater than the benefits, especially in the elderly. Comorbidity makes polypharmacy very prevalent in this population; thus, increasing the occurrence of adverse effects. To solve this problem, the most common strategy is to use lists of potentially inappropriate medications. However, this strategy is time consuming. METHODS: In order to minimize the expenditure of time, our group devised a pilot computer tool (Polimedication) that automatically processes lists of medication providing the corresponding Screening Tool of Older Persons' potentially inappropriate Prescriptions alerts and facilitating standardized reports...
May 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737920/does-promethazine-shorten-the-length-of-stay-in-the-post-anesthesia-care-unit
#15
Jonathan P Eskander, Yury Rapoport, Elyse Cornett, Sonja Gennuso, Michael Franklin, Alan D Kaye, Charles J Fox
The combination of promethazine and opioids is known to have an opioid-sparing effect, thereby facilitating a reduction in total patient opioid consumption. In recent years, this practice has fallen out of favor in many healthcare facilities, except primarily in the post anesthesia care unit (PACU). The goal of this study was to highlight the potential of promethazine as a direct or indirect adjuvant medication in acute pain management. The present investigation was undertaken with a case series of adult female patients who underwent open total abdominal hysterectomies...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701436/-abnormal-movements-and-internal-medicine-pathologies
#16
Joseph Ghika
Hyperkinesias can be revelaed by an internal medicine pathology. An acute chorea can be found in association with non ketotic hypergycemia, lupus, antiphospholipid syndrome, endocrinopathies, pregnancy or oral contraceptive initiation, or psychostimulant medication. Acute dystonic syndromes are found in association with the initiation of an old generation neuroleptic, metoclopramide, oral contraceptive and pregnancy. It should be differentiated from hyper- or hypo-calcémie tetany. Tremors are found in association with many drugs and hormones...
April 25, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698346/a-mixed-presentation-of-serotonin-syndrome-vs-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome-in-a-12-year-old-boy
#17
Christie Sun, Hannah Sweet, Alicia B Minns, Desiree Shapiro, Willough Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) and serotonin syndrome (SS) are serious medical conditions associated with commonly prescribed psychiatric medications. Although the mechanisms differ, they can be clinically difficult to distinguish. We report a case of a pediatric patient with complicated psychiatric history that developed features of both syndromes in the setting of polypharmacy. CASE: A 12-year-old boy with a history of developmental delay, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder presented to the emergency department with behavior changes consisting of delayed reactions, gait instability, drooling, and slowed movements...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696960/reversible-splenial-lesion-in-neuroleptic-malignant-syndrome
#18
Alessandra Gasparini, Nicola Poloni, Ivano Caselli, Marta Ielmini, Camilla Callegari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674240/the-impact-of-antipsychotics-as-a-risk-factor-for-thromboembolism
#19
REVIEW
Ewa A Ogłodek, Marek J Just, Anna D Grzesińska, Aleksander Araszkiewicz, Adam R Szromek
Patients with schizophrenia are predisposed toward developing cardiovascular disease. Although neuroleptics affect the cardiovascular system, it is also important to consider the consequences of the disease itself such as lower physical activity due to living on disability pension, inadequate nutrition, and/or nicotine addiction, being more common among patients with schizophrenia versus the general population. All these factors combined lead to an increased risk of death caused by cardiovascular conditions in schizophrenic patients...
June 2018: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670504/clozapine-induced-cardiovascular-side-effects-and-autonomic-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#20
Jessica W Y Yuen, David D Kim, Ric M Procyshyn, Randall F White, William G Honer, Alasdair M Barr
Background: Clozapine is the antipsychotic of choice for treatment-resistant schizophrenia and has minimal risk for extrapyramidal symptoms. Therapeutic benefits, however, are accompanied by a myriad of cardiometabolic side-effects. The specific reasons for clozapine's high propensity to cause adverse cardiometabolic events remain unknown, but it is believed that autonomic dysfunction may play a role in many of these. Objective: This systematic review summarizes the literature on autonomic dysfunction and related cardiovascular side effects associated with clozapine treatment...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
4369
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"