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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302729/color-change-after-paramedical-pigmentation-of-the-nipple-areola-complex
#1
Shoichi Tomita, Katsuya Mori, Takeshi Miyawaki
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the nipple-areola complex is the final process in breast reconstruction. Local flaps and paramedical pigmentation is one of the major procedures for this. However, fading after paramedical pigmentation leads to a color difference between the selected pigment and its color in the skin. The aim of this study is to make a proposition in color choice of paramedical pigmentation for nipple-areola complex. METHODS: Our research focused on investigating the color changes over time after unilateral nipple-areola complex reconstruction using paramedical pigmentation in 25 patients to propose suitable color selections...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273932/treatment-of-gigantomastia-using-a-medial-lateral-bipedicle-reduction-mammoplasty-the-role-of-doppler-assisted-preoperative-perforator-identification
#2
Nader Gomaa Elmelegy, Mohamed Saad Sadaka, Ahmed M Hegazy, Doaa E Abdeldaim
The purpose of this study is to introduce a breast reduction technique designed to reduce the incidence of postoperative nipple-areola complex ischemia and necrosis following reduction mammoplasty, while at the same time allowing all the other goals of breast reduction to be realized. This is achieved through preoperative detection of perforating vessels supplying the nipple-areola complex using a hand-held Doppler. The horizontally based parenchymal pedicle is designed to include these perforators whether originating from the internal mammary artery, lateral thoracic artery or both...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234856/modified-island-technique-for-prominent-ears
#3
Horacio F Mayer, Hugo D Loustau
There have been several methods described for the correction of prominent ears, including techniques that excise, bend, suture, score, or cut the auricular cartilage. The Island Technique, proposed by Pitanguy, is based on the creation of a cartilage island to define the antihelix and correct the conchoscaphal angle. Visibility of sharp edges has been the main criticism of this technique. To avoid them, we advise performing an internal bevel incision to round off the edges and achieve a more natural look. Also, sometimes prominent ears are asymmetric with different conchoscaphal angles, determining a residual but protruding upper pole, thus requiring different treatment on each side...
December 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214336/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-early-postoperative-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-for-facial-scars
#4
Seo H Lee, Hyung J Min, Yang W Kim, Young W Cheon
BACKGROUND: Scars widen when the underlying musculature pulls apart suture lines, and scars oriented against relaxed skin tension lines are especially susceptible to these distraction forces. Because botulinum toxin A (BTA) induces complete muscle paralysis, the purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of BTA using both observer-dependent qualitative assessments and quantitative measurements to verify its beneficial effects on facial scarring. METHODS: Patients with vertical forehead lacerations, treated by primary closure, were randomly assigned to two groups: one (n = 15) received BTA injections within 5 days of primary closure and the other (n = 15) received no further treatment...
December 6, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124376/an-alternative-rhinoplasty-technique-rotational-spreader-flap-rabbit-flap
#5
Ali Ahmet Sirin, Ibrahim Erdim, Omer Erdur, Alperen Sirin
BACKGROUND: In modern rhinoplasty, septal cartilage is the most commonly used graft material. It is a big challenge if septal cartilage is insufficient. We present an alternative technique named the "rabbit flap," created from the cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage to show its effectiveness on nasolabial angle, nasal axis deviation, and nasal dorsal line. METHODS: An alternative flap, called a "rabbit flap," is constituted from the cephalic portion of the lower lateral cartilage (LLC)...
November 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106751/fast-na-k-pump-driven-steady-state-transcytolemmal-water-exchange-in-neuronal-tissue-a-study-of-rat-brain-cortical-cultures
#6
Ruiliang Bai, Charles S Springer, Dietmar Plenz, Peter J Basser
PURPOSE: Water homeostasis and transport play important roles in brain function (e.g., ion homeostasis, neuronal excitability, cell volume regulation, etc.). However, specific mechanisms of water transport across cell membranes in neuronal tissue have not been completely elaborated. METHODS: The kinetics of transcytolemmal water exchange were measured in neuronal tissue using simultaneous, real-time fluorescence and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of perfused, active brain organotypic cortical cultures...
November 6, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389724/effectiveness-of-hip-external-rotator-strengthening-exercise-in-korean-postural-bowleg-women
#7
Seong Hoon Park, Jun Won Lee, Joo Hyun Kim, Kyoung Seok Tak, Byeong Ho Lee, In Suck Suh
Postural bowleg is a subclinical entity with both aesthetic and functional outcomes and appears to be common in East Asian countries. Internal rotation of the hip joint is associated with varus alignment at the knee joint of the bowleg. Strengthening exercise for the hip external rotator muscles seems to be effective in improving varus alignment of bowleg, but no standardized exercise program exists. A standardized active resistance strengthening exercise for hip external rotator muscles could improve varus alignment of the lower limb in bowlegged Korean women...
April 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204933/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-transsexual-surgery
#8
REVIEW
M Barone, A Cogliandro, N Di Stefano, V Tambone, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: The aims of our study were to identify studies that evaluated patient satisfaction after transsexual surgery, analyze existing questionnaires, and summarize their development, psychometric properties, and content. METHODS: A systematic review of the English-language literature was performed. Patient-reported outcome measures designed to assess patient satisfaction and quality of life following transsexual surgery were identified. Qualifying instruments were assessed for content and adherence to international guidelines for development and validation...
June 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204931/postero-inferior-pedicle-surgical-technique-for-the-treatment-of-grade-iii-gynecomastia
#9
Sophie Thiénot, Nicolas Bertheuil, Raphaël Carloni, Cécile Méal, Sylvie Aillet, Christian Herlin, Eric Watier
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of Grade III gynecomastia generally utilizes mastectomy techniques and free transplantation of the nipple-areola complex. Moreover, with rising obesity rates and the development of bariatric surgery, an increasing demand for correctional surgery for pseudogynecomastia has been observed, which is comparable to Grade III gynecomastia in terms of its surgical management. Here, we describe an innovative technique to deal with these new demands: fascio-cutaneous flap by postero-inferior pedicle...
June 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160054/a-simple-method-for-international-standardization-of-photographic-documentation-for-aesthetic-plastic-surgery
#10
Seung Chul Rhee
Due to the lack of internationally standardized, objective, and scientific photographic standardization methods, differences in photographic documents have gravely affected the truth of surgical outcomes by visual misperception or illusion, thus hindering the development of plastic surgery clinically and scholastically. Here I suggest a simple method for standardization of facial photographs. The method consists of an imaginary transverse line (tentatively the "PSA line") rather than the Frankfort horizontal plane and uses a white background with black grids and standard RGB with CMYK circles...
April 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035448/lipoinjection-and-multiple-internal-cuts-for-congenital-constriction-bands-a-new-treatment-approach
#11
Yanko Castro-Govea, Amin Vela-Martinez, Luis Alberto Treviño-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Traditional treatment for a congenital constriction band of the limb involves multiple Z-plasties and W-plasties. We propose an alternative surgical procedure for the treatment of congenital constriction bands that obviates the need for Z-plasties and eliminates the constriction band. METHODS: We present the case of a 36-year-old woman with a congenital constriction band of the leg. Using a minimally invasive approach, the skin segment that included the band was dissected from the deep tissues...
April 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#12
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795728/radix-astragali-based-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-oxaliplatin-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Bo Deng, Liqun Jia, Zhiqiang Cheng
Background. Treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) remains a big challenge for oncologists. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Radix Astragali- (RA-) based Chinese herbal medicine in the prevention and treatment of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy, including the incidence and grading of neurotoxicity, effective percentage, and nerve conduction velocity. Methods. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were found using PubMed, Cochrane, Springer, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Database of China Science Periodical Database (CSPD) by keyword search...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766952/the-third-international-genomic-medicine-conference-3rd-igmc-2015-overall-activities-and-outcome-highlights
#14
Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Mourad Assidi, Ashraf Dallol, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Peter Natesan Pushparaj, Gauthaman Kalamegam, Emad Al-Hamzi, Jerry W Shay, Stephen W Scherer, Ashok Agarwal, Bruce Budowle, Mamdooh Gari, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
The Third International Genomic Medicine Conference (3(rd) IGMC) was organised by the Centre of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR) at the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This conference is a continuation of a series of meetings, which began with the first International Genomic Medicine Conference (1(st) IGMC, 2011) followed by the second International Genomic Medicine Conference (2(nd) IGMC, 2013). The 3(rd) IGMC meeting presented as a timely opportunity to bring scientists from across the world to gather, discuss, and exchange recent advances in the field of genomics and genetics in general as well as practical information on using these new technologies in different basic and clinical applications...
October 17, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631547/what-is-the-optimal-range-of-medial-pocket-dissection-in-breast-augmentation-an-anatomical-study-of-chinese-women
#15
Shangshan Li, Chunjun Liu, Dali Mu, Minqiang Xin, Su Fu, Lin Chen, Jie Luan
BACKGROUND: The range of the medial dissection forbidden zone, defined as the no-touch zone in this study, is of great importance in breast augmentation. Currently, 30 mm of the no-touch zone is marked and the pocket dissection does not pass medial to this zone, which lacks anatomical evidence. This study aimed to determine the optimal range of the no-touch zone in breast augmentation by precisely locating relevant anatomical structures. METHODS: Preoperative multidetector-row CT angiography (MDCTA) was performed in 36 Chinese female patients who were to receive breast reconstruction...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586430/economic-evaluation-of-hospital-and-community-pharmacy-services-a-review-of-the-literature-2010-2015
#16
Todd Gammie, Sabine Vogler, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
OBJECTIVE: To review the international body of literature from 2010 to 2015 concerning methods of economic evaluations used in hospital- and community-based studies of pharmacy services in publicly funded health systems worldwide, their clinical outcomes, and economic effectiveness. DATA SOURCES: The literature search was undertaken between May 2, 2015, and September 4, 2015. Keywords included "health economics" and "evaluation" "assessment" or "appraisal," "methods," "hospital" or "community" or "residential care," "pharmacy" or "pharmacy services" and "cost minimisation analysis" or "cost utility analysis" or "cost effectiveness analysis" or "cost benefit analysis...
September 1, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484988/scar-assessment-after-breast-augmentation-surgery-with-axillary-incision-versus-inframammary-fold-incision-long-term-follow-up-in-chinese-patients
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jingjing Sun, Dali Mu, Chunjun Liu, Kai Ji, Lin Chen, Wenyue Liu, Jie Luan
BACKGROUND: The inframammary fold (IMF) incision is widely used in Western countries for breast augmentation surgery, whereas the axillary incision is the dominant approach used in China, because many Chinese surgeons believe that the Asian population has a higher risk of developing hypertrophic scars. However, comparative data of scar assessment through different incisions in Chinese patients are scarce. The aims of the study were as follows: (1) to evaluate the outcomes of scar assessment using the Vancouver scar scale (VSS), combined with patient satisfaction scoring, in the scar assessment after breast augmentation surgery; (2) to compare the long-term cosmetic effects of surgical scars between axillary and IMF incisions...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439536/massive-cerebral-infarction-following-facial-fat-injection
#18
Xiao Shen, Qi Li, Hengshu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Autologous facial fat injection is becoming popular around the world. Semiliquid fat grafts are used for correction of deformities or aesthetic purposes. Fat transfer is a mini-invasive surgical procedure, but causes severe complications occasionally. METHODS: A 30-year-old female patient presented to our hospital with sudden unconsciousness and left limb weakness 8 h after facial fat injection. Brain arteriography (CTA) and venography were performed immediately after her admission...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369840/preservation-of-nostril-morphology-in-nasal-base-reduction
#19
Norihiro Ohba, Mayuko Ohba
BACKGROUND: Asian patients often desire reduction of the base and alar lobules of the Asian mesorrhine nose. Sill excision is commonly used, but may result in an angular or notched nostril rim. METHODS: We developed an internal method of alar base reduction involving triangle flaps for sill resection. This method avoids alar rim notching and teardrop deformity. Cinching sutures and double-layer closure avoid tension on the wound. We categorized the results in 50 patients (4 men, 46 women) who underwent surgery between November 2012 and August 2015 and who could be followed up for more than 3 months...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230819/trifolium-species-the-latest-findings-on-chemical-profile-ethnomedicinal-use-and-pharmacological-properties
#20
REVIEW
Joanna Kolodziejczyk-Czepas
OBJECTIVES: Clovers (Trifolium, Fabaceae) have a long history of use in folk medicine. Furthermore, during last 3 years, a considerable growth in scientific interest in these plants has been observed. This article summarizes and critically reviews an over 3-year progress of knowledge of ethnomedicinal use, phytochemical profile, physiological effects and possible therapeutic action of various clover species. It contains the latest literature (over 80 papers), originated from international databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Science Direct/Elsevier, Springer Link, Wiley Online Library) and reports from other international and local scientific periodicals...
July 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
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