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Trail running

Hannelore Boey, Jeroen Aeles, Kurt Schütte, Benedicte Vanwanseele
Research has focused on parameters that are associated with injury risk, e.g. vertical acceleration. These parameters can be influenced by running on different surfaces or at different running speeds, but the relationship between them is not completely clear. Understanding the relationship may result in training guidelines to reduce the injury risk. In this study, thirty-five participants with three different levels of running experience were recruited. Participants ran on three different surfaces (concrete, synthetic running track, and woodchip trail) at two different running speeds: a self-selected comfortable speed and a fixed speed of 3...
September 5, 2016: Sports Biomechanics
Maria Sanz-de la Garza, Gonzalo Grazioli, Bart H Bijnens, Sebastian I Sarvari, Eduard Guasch, Carolina Pajuelo, Daniel Brotons, Enric Subirats, Ramon Brugada, Emma Roca, Marta Sitges
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to understand and characterize the acute atrial response to endurance exercise and the influence of the amount of exercise performed. BACKGROUND: Endurance exercise seems to be recognized as a risk factor for developing atrial arrhythmia. Atrial geometrical and functional remodeling may be the underlying substrate. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed in 55 healthy adults at baseline and after a 3-stage trail race: a short race (S) (14 km), n = 17; a medium race (M) (35 km), n = 21; and a long race (L) (56 km), n = 17...
August 11, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Roxanne J Larsen, William H Jackson, Daniel Schmitt
The ability to run across uneven terrain with continuous stable movement is critical to the safety and efficiency of a runner. Successful step-to-step stabilization while running may be mediated by minor adjustments to a few key parameters (e.g., leg stiffness, step length, foot strike pattern). However, it is not known to what degree runners in relatively natural settings (e.g., trails, paved road, curbs) use the same strategies across multiple steps. This study investigates how three readily measurable running parameters - step length, foot placement, and foot strike pattern - are adjusted in response to encountering a typical urban obstacle - a sidewalk curb...
October 2016: Human Movement Science
Dennis-Peter Born, Thomas Stöggl, Mikael Swarén, Glenn Björklund
PURPOSE: To 1) investigate the cardiorespiratory and metabolic response of trail running and 2) evaluate whether heart rate (HR) adequately reflects the exercise intensity or whether the tissue saturation index (TSI) could provide a more accurate measure when running in hilly terrain. METHODS: Seventeen competitive runners (female: n=4, V'O2max: 55±6 mL·kg-1·min-1; male: n=13, V'O2max: 68±6 mL·kg-1·min-1) performed a time trial on an off-road trail course...
July 11, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Tessa L Koschel, Jacob Manning, Debra Tacad, Jeffrey Montes, Tanner Elizabeth, Damon McCune, Ashley Tovar, Julie Taylor, John Young, Mark DeBeliso, James Navalta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Elizabeth Tanner, Jacob W Manning, Julie Taylor, Jeffrey Montes, Damon McCune, Tessa Koschel, Debra K Tacad, Ashley Tovar, John C Young, Mark DeBeliso, James W Navalta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Catherine A Hambleton, Jake A Deckert, Philip M Gallagher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Debra K Tacad, Jacob W Manning, Jeffery Montes, Elizabeth Tanner, Damon McCune, Tessa Koschel, Ashley Tovar, Julie Taylor, James W Navalta, Mark DeBeliso, John C Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kurt H Schütte, Jeroen Aeles, Tim Op De Beéck, Babette C van der Zwaard, Rachel Venter, Benedicte Vanwanseele
Despite frequently declared benefits of using wireless accelerometers to assess running gait in real-world settings, available research is limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate outdoor surface effects on dynamic stability and dynamic loading during running using tri-axial trunk accelerometry. Twenty eight runners (11 highly-trained, 17 recreational) performed outdoor running on three outdoor training surfaces (concrete road, synthetic track and woodchip trail) at self-selected comfortable running speeds...
July 2016: Gait & Posture
M Giandolini, N Horvais, J Rossi, G Y Millet, J-B Morin, P Samozino
Minimizing musculo-skeletal damage and fatigue is considered paramount for performance in trail running. Our purposes were to investigate the effects of the foot strike pattern and its variability on (a) muscle activity during a downhill trail run and (b) immediate and delayed neuromuscular fatigue. Twenty-three runners performed a 6.5-km run (1264 m of negative elevation change). Electromyographic activity of lower-limb muscles was recorded continuously. Heel and metatarsal accelerations were recorded to identify the running technique...
June 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Fabrice Vercruyssen, Marcus Tartaruga, Nicolas Horvais, Jeanick Brisswalter
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of footwear and neuromuscular fatigue induced by short distance trail running (TR) on running economy (RE) and biomechanics in well-trained and traditionally shod runners. METHODS: RE, vertical and leg stiffness (Kvert and Kleg), as well as foot strike angle were measured from two 5-min treadmill running stages performed at a speed of 2.5 (with 10% grade, uphill running) and 2.77 m·s (level running) before and after an 18...
October 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Florian Azad Engel, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
BACKGROUND: Runners at various levels of performance and specializing in different events (from 800 m to marathons) wear compression socks, sleeves, shorts, and/or tights in attempt to improve their performance and facilitate recovery. Recently, a number of publications reporting contradictory results with regard to the influence of compression garments in this context have appeared. OBJECTIVES: To assess original research on the effects of compression clothing (socks, calf sleeves, shorts, and tights) on running performance and recovery...
April 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
Marlene Giandolini, Nicolas Horvais, Jérémy Rossi, Guillaume Y Millet, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoît Morin
Trail runners are exposed to a high number of shocks, including high-intensity shocks on downhill sections leading to greater risk of osseous overuse injury. The type of foot strike pattern (FSP) is known to influence impact severity and lower-limb kinematics. Our purpose was to investigate the influence of FSP on axial and transverse components of shock acceleration and attenuation during an intense downhill trail run (DTR). Twenty-three trail runners performed a 6.5-km DTR (1264m of negative elevation change) as fast as possible...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Fabrice Vercruyssen, Mathieu Gruet, Serge Colson, Sabine Ehrstrom, Jeanick Brisswalter
BACKGROUND: Physiological mechanisms behind the use of compression garments (CGs) during off-road running are unknown. PURPOSE: This study investigated the influence of wearing CGs vs. conventional running clothing (CON) on muscle contractile function and running economy before and after a short distance trail running. METHODS: Knee extensors neuromuscular function and running economy assessed from two bouts of 5-min treadmill run (11 km.h-1 and 14 km...
April 15, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Philip von Rosen, Annette I-L M Heijne, Anna Frohm
CONTEXT: In orienteering, the number of injury-registration studies is limited. Most researchers have used a cross-sectional design during specific events and, therefore, have mainly identified acute injuries. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of injuries by registering acute and overuse injuries in adolescent elite orienteerers over 26 weeks and to study the variation of injury prevalence over the season and the potential risk factors. DESIGN: Cohort study...
April 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Ana Jeroncic, Yasin Memari, Graham Rs Ritchie, Audrey E Hendricks, Anja Kolb-Kokocinski, Angela Matchan, Veronique Vitart, Caroline Hayward, Ivana Kolcic, Dominik Glodzik, Alan F Wright, Igor Rudan, Harry Campbell, Richard Durbin, Ozren Polašek, Eleftheria Zeggini, Vesna Boraska Perica
We have whole-exome sequenced 176 individuals from the isolated population of the island of Vis in Croatia in order to describe exonic variation architecture. We found 290 577 single nucleotide variants (SNVs), 65% of which are singletons, low frequency or rare variants. A total of 25 430 (9%) SNVs are novel, previously not catalogued in NHLBI GO Exome Sequencing Project, UK10K-Generation Scotland, 1000Genomes Project, ExAC or NCBI Reference Assembly dbSNP. The majority of these variants (76%) are singletons...
October 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Nasim Mostaghim, Maryam Koushkie Jahromi, Zahra Rojhani, Mohsen Salesi
BACKGROUND: Evaluating the effect of kinesio taping of quadriceps femoris muscle on some physical fitness indices including maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), vertical jump, agility and sprint in healthy collegiate athletes. METHODS: Forty-four (23 male and 21 female) healthy collegiate athletes voluntarily participated in this study. The MVIC of quadriceps muscle (N) of the dominant leg was assessed by digital Dynamometer. vertical jump, agility and sprint was assessed using Sargent vertical jump, shuttle run agility and 30-yard sprint tests, respectively...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Stephanie Pope, Solomon G Zaraa
INTRODUCTION: The number of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIA) has increased in recent years. The safety and efficacy of that treatment are not established in children. This study aims to address this gap of information by studying such treatments in a case series. METHODS: This retrospective chart review of patients identified by the investigators at an academic acute inpatient psychiatric unit included all patients from the past 24 months who required new initial treatment with LAIA...
May 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Raffaele Calabrese, Marco Beltrame, Agostino Accardo
Today, many hospitals have a running enterprise picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and their administrators should have the tools to measure the system activity and, in particular, how much it is used. The information would be valuable for decision-makers to address asset management and the development of policies for its correct utilization and eventually start training initiatives to get the best in resource utilization and operators' satisfaction. On the economic side, a quantitative method to measure the usage of the workstations would be desirable to better redistribute existing resources and plan the purchase of new ones...
March 11, 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Cynthia Atwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
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