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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333675/sharing-innovations-to-enhance-renal-fellow-education-in-dialysis
#1
Laura J Maursetter, Lisa K Prince, Christina M Yuan, James F Simon
Dialysis care is an integral part of the practice of nephrology. Despite this, education of fellows in providing dialysis often remains rudimentary, relying on a combination of didactics and learning through experience. This runs the risk of training nephrologists who can provide dialysis care without truly being experts on the subject. In this article, a collection of novel or innovative teaching methods is presented that are meant to provide training programs with additional tools with which to improve the training of their fellows in dialysis...
January 14, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332470/a-school-based-neuromuscular-training-program-and-sport-related-injury-incidence-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Jane C Khoury, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:   An estimated 40 million school-aged children (age range = 5-18 years) participate annually in sports in the United States, generating approximately 4 million sport-related injuries and requiring 2.6 million emergency department visits at a cost of nearly $2 billion. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effects of a school-based neuromuscular training (NMT) program on sport-related injury incidence across 3 sports at the high school and middle school levels, focusing particularly on knee and ankle injuries...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330149/voluntary-exercise-and-depression-like-behavior-in-rodents-are-we-running-in-the-right-direction
#3
Joram D Mul
Acute or chronic exposure to stress can increase the risk to develop major depressive disorder, a severe, recurrent and common psychiatric condition. Depression places an enormous social and financial burden on modern society. Although many depressed patients are treated with antidepressants, their efficacy is only modest, underscoring the necessity to develop clinically-effective pharmaceutical or behavioral treatments. Exercise training produces beneficial effects on stress-related mental disorders, indicative of clinical potential...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326414/-effect-of-debriefing-based-on-the-clinical-judgment-model-on-simulation-based-learning-outcomes-of-end-of-life-care-for-nursing-students-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Kyung In Jeong, Ja Yun Choi
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify effects of debriefing based on the clinical judgment model for nursing students on their knowledge, skill performance, clinical judgment, self-confidence and learner satisfaction during simulation based end-of-life care (ELC) education. METHODS: Simulation based ELC education was developed in six steps as follows: selection of learning subjects and objects, development of learning tools, a trial run of simulation-based education, students' skill training, and evaluators' training...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324577/physical-fitness-performance-of-young-professional-soccer-players-does-not-change-during-several-training-seasons-in-a-spanish-elite-reserve-team-a-club-study-1996-2013
#5
Asier Los Arcos, Javier Martins
The purpose of the study was to assess the changes in physical fitness performance in young professional soccer players during several training seasons in a Spanish elite reserve team. Physical test values (i.e. vertical jump test, straight line sprint test, and discontinuous and progressive submaximal running test) of 97 young professional soccer players that belonged for at least two consecutive seasons to the reserve team of a Spanish professional team from 1996 to 2013 were analyzed. A distinction was made between the soccer players that were promoted to the Spanish 1/2 Divisions (n = 38) (PFL) and those that were not (n = 59) (non-PFL) (until the end of the 2016/2017 season)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321959/daily-voluntary-exercise-enhances-pilocarpine-induced-saliva-secretion-and-aquaporin-1-expression-in-rat-submandibular-glands
#6
Kentaro Matsuzaki, Naotoshi Sugimoto, Masanori Katakura, Eri Sumiyoshi, Toshiko Hara, Michio Hashimoto, Osamu Shido
Saliva-a water-based fluid containing electrolytes, immunoglobulins, and enzymes-has many functions, including the protection and hydration of mucosal structures within the oral cavity and the initiation of digestion. Aquaporins (AQPs) are proteins that act as water channels through membranes. We have previously reported upregulation of the expression levels of AQP 1 and 5 in the submandibular glands (SMGs) in heat-acclimated rats. In this study, we investigated pilocarpine-induced saliva secretion and AQP expression in rats after voluntary exercise...
January 2018: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319584/physiological-responses-to-overdressing-and-exercise-heat-stress-in-trained-runners
#7
Brett R Ely, Laurie A Blanchard, Jared R Steele, Michael A Francisco, Samuel N Cheuvront, Christopher T Minson
Heat acclimation is the best strategy to improve performance in a hot environment. Many athletes seeking the benefits of heat acclimation lack access to a hot environment for exercise, and thus rely on over-dressing to simulate environmental heat stress. It is currently unknown whether this approach produces the requisite thermoregulatory strain necessary for heat acclimation in trained men and women. PURPOSE: To compare physiological and cellular responses to exercise in a hot environment (HOT; 40°C, 30%rh) with minimal clothing (clo= 0...
January 9, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316273/pilot-project-physiologic-responses-to-a-high-intensity-active-video-game-with-copd-patients-tools-for-home-rehabilitation
#8
Andrée-Anne Parent, Vincent Gosselin-Boucher, Marilyn Houle-Peloquin, Claude Poirier, Alain-Steve Comtois
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a respiratory condition that causes a significant deterioration of the quality of life. However, exercise can improve the quality of life for COPD patients and it is for this reason previous study observed the effects of active video games to increase exercise. Using motion capture devices with short bursts of exercise never been tried with COPD patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to observe the feasibility of using this device safely and easily with COPD patients...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315164/effects-of-strength-training-on-postpubertal-adolescent-distance-runners
#9
Richard C Blagrove, Louis P Howe, Emily J Cushion, Adam Spence, Glyn Howatson, Charles R Pedlar, Philip R Hayes
PURPOSE: Strength training activities have consistently been shown to improve running economy (RE) and neuromuscular characteristics, such as force producing ability and maximal speed, in adult distance runners. However the effects on adolescent (<18 years) runners remains elusive. This randomized control trial aimed to examine the effect of strength training on several important physiological and neuromuscular qualities associated with distance running performance. METHODS: Participants (n=25, 13 female, 17...
January 8, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313237/simians-in-the-shape-school-a-comparative-study-of-executive-attention
#10
Kristin French, Michael J Beran, Kimberly Andrews Espy, David A Washburn
Executive functions (EF) have been studied extensively in children and adults. However, EF tasks for young children can be difficult to administer and interpret. Espy (1997, Developmental Neuropsychology, 13, 495-499) designed the Shape School task to measure inhibition and switching in preschool-aged children. Shape School presents cartoon-like characters that children must flexibly name by their color, their shape, or both, depending on cues that indicate the appropriate rule. Shape School has been found to be age sensitive as well as predictive of performance on other EF tasks...
January 8, 2018: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310617/exercise-training-during-pregnancy-reduces-circulating-insulin-levels-in-overweight-obese-women-postpartum-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-etip-trial
#11
Kirsti K Garnæs, Siv Mørkved, Kjell Å Salvesen, Øyvind Salvesen, Trine Moholdt
BACKGROUND: The primary aim was to investigate if supervised exercise training during pregnancy could reduce postpartum weight retention (PPWR) three months after delivery in overweight and obese women. We also measured circulating markers of cardiometabolic health, body composition, blood pressure, and physical activity level. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial in which 91 women with BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2 were allocated 1:1 to an exercise program or a control group...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304039/establishing-ebola-virus-disease-evd-diagnostics-using-genexpert-technology-at-a-mobile-laboratory-in-liberia-impact-on-outbreak-response-case-management-and-laboratory-systems-strengthening
#12
Philomena Raftery, Orla Condell, Christine Wasunna, Jonathan Kpaka, Ruth Zwizwai, Mahmood Nuha, Mosoka Fallah, Maxwell Freeman, Victoria Harris, Mark Miller, April Baller, Moses Massaquoi, Victoria Katawera, John Saindon, Philip Bemah, Esther Hamblion, Evelyn Castle, Desmond Williams, Alex Gasasira, Tolbert Nyenswah
The 2014-16 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa highlighted the necessity for readily available, accurate and rapid diagnostics. The magnitude of the outbreak and the re-emergence of clusters of EVD cases following the declaration of interrupted transmission in Liberia, reinforced the need for sustained diagnostics to support surveillance and emergency preparedness. We describe implementation of the Xpert Ebola Assay, a rapid molecular diagnostic test run on the GeneXpert platform, at a mobile laboratory in Liberia and the subsequent impact on EVD outbreak response, case management and laboratory system strengthening...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303109/-protocols-related-to-food-allergies-and-intolerances-in-preschools-in-reykjavik-iceland
#13
Adalheidur Ran Thrastardottir, Frida Run Thordardottir, Johanna Torfadottir
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to explore prevalence of food allergies and intolerances among children in preschools in Reykjavik, Iceland. Also, to investigate how well preschools maintain a safe environment for children with food allergies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2014, a questionnaire designed specifically for this study, was sent to 65 preschools. Forty-nine participated (75%) representing a total of 4225 children. Prevalence of food allergy and intolerance was determined based on medical certificates from physi-cians delivered to the preschools...
January 2018: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302585/high-intensity-interval-training-increases-natural-killer-cell-number-and-function-in-obese-breast-cancer-challenged-mice-and-obese-women
#14
Nicole G Barra, Isabella Y Fan, Jenna B Gillen, Marianne Chew, Katarina Marcinko, Gregory R Steinberg, Martin J Gibala, Ali A Ashkar
High intensity interval training (HIIT) boosts natural killer (NK) cell number and activity in normal weight breast cancer patients; however, whether this occurs in obese individuals is not well established. The goal of this study was to determine whether HIIT effectively boosts NK cells as a therapeutic strategy against breast cancer in an obese mouse model and in overweight/obese women. Diet induced female C57Bl/6 obese mice were assigned to undergo HIIT for four weeks or remain sedentary. Female participants were subjected to a six weeks HIIT protocol...
December 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299959/how-to-do-high-quality-clinical-research-1-first-steps
#15
Peter Sandercock, William Whiteley
This is the first paper in a series of five on how to do good quality clinical research. It sets the scene for the four papers that follow. The aims of the series are to: promote reliable clinical research to inform clinical practice; help people new to research to get started (at any stage of their career); create teaching resources for experienced researchers; and help clinicians working in resource-poor settings to conduct research. We set out in this paper the skills clinicians need to run research projects that are relevant to their clinical practice...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298705/motor-modules-during-adaptation-to-walking-in-a-powered-ankle-exoskeleton
#16
Daniel A Jacobs, Jeffrey R Koller, Katherine M Steele, Daniel P Ferris
BACKGROUND: Modules of muscle recruitment can be extracted from electromyography (EMG) during motions, such as walking, running, and swimming, to identify key features of muscle coordination. These features may provide insight into gait adaptation as a result of powered assistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes (module size, module timing and weighting patterns) of surface EMG data during assisted and unassisted walking in an powered, myoelectric, ankle-foot orthosis (ankle exoskeleton)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291421/activation-of-the-cannabinoid-system-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-affects-effort-based-decision-making
#17
Zahra Fatahi, Abbas Haghparast
Effort-based decision making addresses how we make an action choice based on an integration of action and goal values. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is implicated in allowing an animal to overcome effort constraints to obtain greater benefits, and it has been previously shown that cannabis derivatives may affect such processes. Therefore, in this study, we intend to evaluate the involvement of the cannabinoid system in the entire NAc on effort-based decision making. Rats were trained in a T-maze cost-benefit decision making the task in which they could choose either to climb a barrier to obtain a large reward in one arm or run into the other arm without a barrier to obtaining a small reward...
December 29, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291048/toy-trains-loaded-dice-and-the-origin-of-life-dimerization-on-mineral-surfaces-under-periodic-drive-with-gaussian-inputs
#18
Rowena Ball, John Brindley
In a major extension of previous work, we model the putative hydrothermal rock pore setting for the origin of life on Earth as a series of coupled continuous flow units (the toy train). Perfusing through this train are reactants that set up thermochemical and pH oscillations, and an activated nucleotide that produces monomer and dimer monophosphates. The dynamical equations that model this system are thermally self-consistent. In an innovative step that breaks some new ground, we build stochasticity of the inputs into the model...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289844/potential-of-combined-water-sensitive-urban-design-systems-for-salinity-treatment-in-urban-environments
#19
Fatemeh Kazemi, Mahmood Reza Golzarian, Baden Myers
Water sensitive urban design and similar concepts often recommend a 'treatment train' is employed to improve stormwater quality. In this study, the capability of a combined permeable pavement and bioretention basin was examined with a view to developing a permeable pavement reservoir that can supplement the irrigation needs of a bioretention system in semi-arid climates. Salinity was a key study parameter due to published data on salinity in permeable pavement storage, and the potential to harvest water contaminated with de-icing salts...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288804/neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-regulation-of-skeletal-muscle-functional-hyperemia-exercise-training-and-moderate-compensated-heart-failure
#20
Daniel M Hirai, Steven W Copp, Scott K Ferguson, Clark T Holdsworth, K Sue Hageman, David C Poole, Timothy I Musch
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates oxygen delivery-utilization matching in resting and contracting skeletal muscle. Recent reports indicate that neuronal NO synthase (nNOS)-mediated vasoregulation during contractions is enhanced with exercise training and impaired with chronic heart failure (HF). Consequently, we tested the hypothesis that selective nNOS inhibition (S-methyl-l-thiocitrulline; SMTC, 2.1 μmol/kg) would produce attenuated reductions in muscle blood flow during moderate/heavy submaximal exercise in sedentary HF rats compared to their healthy counterparts...
December 27, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
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