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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662741/predictive-factors-for-the-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-spondylolysis-in-young-sporting-individuals
#1
Ujjwal K Debnath, B E Scammell, Brian J C Freeman, Jeffrey R McConnell
Study Design: Retrospective consecutive case series. Objectives: Only few sporting individuals with symptomatic lumbar pars injuries require surgical repair and it is often difficult to predict the outcome following surgery. The factors that predict the outcome after direct repair of lumbar pars defect was evaluated clinically and statistically. The preoperative background variables both subjective and objective as well as radiological evaluation were used in a multiple regression model to find the strong predictors of postoperative outcome as measured by VAS (visual analogue scores), ODI (Oswestry Disability Index) and SF-36 (Short Form)...
April 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656835/trauma-quality-improvement-reducing-triage-errors-by-automating-the-level-assignment-process
#2
David P Stonko, Dillon C O Neill, Bradley M Dennis, Melissa Smith, Jeffrey Gray, Oscar D Guillamondegui
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients are triaged by the severity of their injury or need for intervention while en route to the trauma center according to trauma activation protocols that are institution specific. Significant research has been aimed at improving these protocols in order to optimize patient outcomes while striving for efficiency in care. However, it is known that patients are often undertriaged or overtriaged because protocol adherence remains imperfect. The goal of this quality improvement (QI) project was to improve this adherence, and thereby reduce the triage error...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655364/incidence-and-characteristics-of-low-speed-vehicle-run-over-events-in-rural-and-remote-children-aged-0-14-years-in-queensland-an-11-year-1999-2009-retrospective-analysis
#3
Bronwyn R Griffin, Roy M Kimble, Kerrianne Watt, Linda Shields
INTRODUCTION: The main objective of this study is to describe incidence rates of low-speed vehicle run-over (LSVRO) events among children aged 0-14 years residing in Queensland from 1999 to 2009. A second objective was to describe the associated patterns of injury, with respect to gender, age group, severity, characteristics (host, vehicle and environment), and trends over time in relation to geographical remoteness. Final results are hoped to inform prevention policies. METHODS: In this statewide, retrospective, population-based study, data were collected on LSVRO events that occurred among children aged 0-14 years in Queensland from 1999 to 2009 from all relevant data sources across the continuum of care, and manually linked to obtain the most comprehensive estimate possible of the magnitude and nature of LSVRO events to date...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650521/infographic-the-effect-of-high-speed-running-on-hamstring-strain-injury-risk
#4
Steven John Duhig, Anthony J Shield, David Opar, Tim J Gabbett, Cameron Ferguson, Morgan Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649092/ascorbic-acid-attenuates-multifidus-muscles-injury-and-atrophy-after-posterior-lumbar-spine-surgery-by-suppressing-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-a-rat-model
#5
Pan Tang, Yu Gu, Jia-Ming Gu, Zi-Ang Xie, Jia-Qi Xu, Xiang-De Zhao, Kang-Mao Huang, Ji-Ying Wang, Xue-Sheng Jiang, Shun-Wu Fan, Zhi-Jun Hu
STUDY DESIGN: A rat model of multifidus muscles injury and atrophy after posterior lumbar spine surgery. OBJECTIVE: We determined the effect of ascorbic acid (AA) on the postoperative multifidus muscles in rat model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies show oxidative stress and inflammation are two main molecular mechanisms in multifidus muscle injury and atrophy after posterior lumbar surgery. AA may have a protective effect in postoperative multifidus muscles...
April 11, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649068/is-exercise-the-right-medicine-for-dystrophic-muscle
#6
Hannah R Spaulding, Joshua T Selsby
INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a neuromuscular disease caused by a dystrophin protein deficiency. Dystrophin functions to stabilize and protect the muscle fiber during muscle contraction, thus the absence of functional dystrophin protein leads to muscle injury. DMD patients experience progressive muscle necrosis, loss of function, and ultimately succumb to respiratory failure or cardiomyopathy. Exercise is known to improve muscle health and strength in healthy individuals as well as positively impact other systems...
April 11, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627710/crash-sequence-based-risk-matrix-for-motorcycle-crashes
#7
Kun-Feng Wu, Lekshmi Sasidharan, Craig P Thor, Sheng-Yin Chen
Considerable research has been conducted related to motorcycle and other powered-two-wheeler (PTW) crashes; however, it always has been controversial among practitioners concerning with types of crashes should be first targeted and how to prioritize resources for the implementation of mitigating actions. Therefore, there is a need to identify types of motorcycle crashes that constitute the greatest safety risk to riders - most frequent and most severe crashes. This pilot study seeks exhibit the efficacy of a new approach for prioritizing PTW crash causation sequences as they relate to injury severity to better inform the application of mitigating countermeasures...
April 5, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621810/-secondary-full-title-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-in-plain-and-uphill-regarding-physical-performance
#8
Natalie Marterer, Verena Menz, Martin Burtscher
BACKGROUND:  As the number of HIITs is increasing in competitive and non-competitive sports, the risk of injuries and overload is increasing. There are no scientific data to support specific recommendations in regard to intensity, duration, number of intervals and gradient for HIIT that result in improved muscular parameters in athletes. Therefore the aim of this study was to compare HIIT in plain and uphill exercise, with respect to exercise tolerance and improvements in performance (VO2max and 800 m running time in the plain and uphill)...
April 5, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621163/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-educational-intervention-to-prevent-low-speed-vehicle-run-over-events-lessons-learned
#9
Bronwyn Griffin, Kerrianne Watt, Roy Kimble, Linda Shields
There is a growing body of literature regarding low speed vehicle runover (LSVRO) events among children. To date, no literature exists on evaluation of interventions to address this serious childhood injury. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour regarding LSVROs were assessed via survey at a shopping centre (pre-intervention), then five months later (post-intervention), to investigate the effect of a population level educational intervention in Queensland, Australia. Participants' knowledge regarding frequency of LSVRO events was poor...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617908/mobilization-of-the-anterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-when-firmly-adherent-to-the-petrous-dura-mater-a-technical-nuance-in-retromastoid-transmeatal-vestibular-schwannoma-surgery-3-dimensional-operative-video
#10
Marcos S Tatagiba, Rocío Evangelista-Zamora, Stefan Lieber
The anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) usually runs loosely within the cerebellopontine cistern; in rare cases, however, it is firmly adherent to the petrous dura mater.1,2 Recognizing this variation is particularly important in vestibular schwannoma surgery via the retrosigmoid transmeatal approach to prevent the high morbidity associated with vascular injury. This video demonstrates a surgical technique to effectively mobilize the AICA when firmly adherent to the petrous dura mater. A 39-year-old man presented with a history of progressive right-sided hearing loss without facial weakness or other associated symptoms3...
March 29, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614001/relationships-between-habitual-cadence-footstrike-and-vertical-loadrates-in-runners
#11
Erin E Futrell, Steve T Jamison, Adam S Tenforde, Irene S Davis
Excessive vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) loadrates have been linked with running injuries. Increasing cadence (CAD) has been shown to reduce loadrates; however relationships between habitual cadence and loadrates across a population of runners have not been examined. PURPOSE: To examine the relationships between habitual running cadence and vertical loadrates in healthy and injured runners using habitual footstrike patterns. As CAD increased, we expected vertical loadrates would decrease...
April 2, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610999/quantifying-the-effects-of-different-treadmill-training-speeds-and-durations-on-the-health-of-rat-knee-joints
#12
Jaqueline Lourdes Rios, Kevin Rudi Boldt, James William Mather, Ruth Anne Seerattan, David Arthur Hart, Walter Herzog
BACKGROUND: Walking and running provide cyclical loading to the knee which is thought essential for joint health within a physiological window. However, exercising outside the physiological window, e.g. excessive cyclical loading, may produce loading conditions that could be detrimental to joint health and lead to injury and, ultimately, osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a stepwise increase in speed and duration of treadmill training on knee joint integrity and to identify the potential threshold for joint damage...
April 2, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609792/-the-nurse-and-the-reconstruction-of-military-casualties-through-sport
#13
REVIEW
Marie-Hedwige Boutet-de Basquiat, Anne Paris, Aline Delalande, Lackhéna Sarhok, Aurore Nguyen, Marie Thomas-Pohl
Soldiers are confronted with physical and mental injuries which constitute a social trauma. The French army has put in place tools, notably sports courses, to favour resilience and the reintegration of casualties. Nurses and nurse assistants working in physical medicine and rehabilitation and psychiatry, play a key role using their skills to support this scheme which runs outside the hospital setting.
April 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607462/injury-prevalence-across-sports-a-descriptive-analysis-on-a-representative-sample-of-the-danish-population
#14
A M Bueno, M Pilgaard, A Hulme, P Forsberg, D Ramskov, C Damsted, R O Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in public health, owing to a range of health-related benefits that it provides. Sports-related injuries are known to be an important barrier to continued physical activity. Still, the prevalence of injuries on a general population level has not yet been explored in a descriptive epidemiological investigation. The purpose of the questionnaire-based study, therefore, was to describe the prevalence of injury in a representative sample of the Danish population...
April 2, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606559/the-magnitude-of-translational-and-rotational-head-accelerations-experienced-by-riders-during-downhill-mountain-biking
#15
Howard T Hurst, Stephen Atkins, Ben D Dickinson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the magnitude of translational and rotational head accelerations during downhill mountain biking. DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: Sixteen male downhill cyclists (age 26.4±8.4years; stature 179.4±7.2cm; mass 75.3±5.9kg) were monitored during two rounds of the British Downhill Series. Riders performed two runs on each course wearing a triaxial accelerometer behind the right ear. The means of the two runs for each course were used to determine differences between courses for mean and maximum peak translational (g) and rotational accelerations (rad/s2 ) and impact duration for each course...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605432/an-overview-of-the-american-trauma-system
#16
REVIEW
Jose M Soto, Yilu Zhang, Jason H Huang, Dongxia Feng
The American trauma system is designed to provide an organized response to injury. It draws its foundations from lessons learned from America's involvement in the wars of the 20th century as well as principles developed in urban community hospitals. Although run at the local and state government level, it is guided by national societies and has become a world class example. It also currently faces challenges with declining reimbursement and providing equal access to care for all Americans. Professional societies and legislative bodies are continuing to work together for fair and equitable solutions to these issues...
February 21, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601106/skin-temperature-in-youth-soccer-players-with-functional-equinus-and-non-equinus-condition-after-running
#17
David Rodriguez Sanz, Marta Elena Losa Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa Vallejo, Patricia Palomo Lopez, Hector Beltran Alacreu, Cesar Calvo Lobo, Emmanuel Navarro Flores, Daniel Lopez Lopez
OBJECTIVES: To check how a thermal-IR camera can check skin temperature in Gastrocnemius-soleus Equinus condition and Non-Gastrocnemius-Soleus condition in youth soccer players and thus detect association between the extensibility of the triceps-surae (with Gastrocnemius-Soleus Equinus and Non-Gastrocnemius-Soleus Equinus) and the muscle temperature pattern. DESIGN: A Cross Sectional Study Secundary level of care. METHODS: Sample from an elite soccer academy in Madrid (Spain) 35 healthy male subjects (youth soccer-players) age 12...
March 30, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599878/understanding-trail-runners-activity-on-online-community-forums-an-inductive-analysis-of-discussion-topics
#18
Nadège Rochat, Denis Hauw, Gaëlle Gür, Ludovic Seifert
Recreational trail runners often participate in online community forums where they can freely read posted messages, join discussions and/or introduce new discussion topics. This tool can enhance learning as runners connect with other trail runners and reflect on how they can better organize their own practice. Studying forum activity would provide greater insight into the relationship between field practice and dedicated forums. The aim of this study was therefore to detect the topics discussed online by trail runners in order to understand how they collectively look for solutions that help them adapt to issues that emerge during actual practice...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593563/whole-body-vibrations-associated-with-alpine-skiing-a-risk-factor-for-low-back-pain
#19
Matej Supej, Jan Ogrin, Hans-Christer Holmberg
Alpine skiing, both recreational and competitive, is associated with high rates of injury. Numerous studies have shown that occupational exposure to whole-body vibrations is strongly related to lower back pain and some suggest that, in particular, vibrations of lower frequencies could lead to overuse injuries of the back in connection with alpine ski racing. However, it is not yet known which forms of skiing involve stronger vibrations and whether these exceed safety thresholds set by existing standards and directives...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584497/initial-analysis-of-archived-non-human-primate-frontal-and-rear-impact-data-from-the-biodynamics-data-resource
#20
Ardyn V Olszko, Christine M Beltran, Kimberly B Vasquez, James S McGhee, Valeta C Chancey, Narayan Yoganandan, Frank A Pintar, Jamie L Baisden
OBJECTIVE: The research objective was to conduct an initial analysis of non-human primate (NHP) data from frontal and rear impact events archived in the Biodynamics Data Resource (BDR) records of the Naval Biodynamics Laboratory (NBDL). These rare data, collected between 1973 and 1989, will inform the safety community of upper-end tolerance limits of NHP and may be related to severe crash scenarios. METHODS: Data from frontal and rear acceleration tests to 93 macaque NHP were examined...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
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