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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420780/running-the-numbers-understanding-the-prevalence-of-eye-and-ear-injuries-in-north-carolina
#1
Shana M Geary, Mary E Cox, Scott K Proescholdbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420541/stability-of-lisfranc-injury-fixation-in-thiel-cadavers-is-routine-fixation-of-the-1st-and-3rd-tarsometatarsal-joint-necessary
#2
Alistair I W Mayne, Robert Lawton, Stephen Dalgleish, Fraser Harrold, George Chami
BACKGROUND: There is debate as to whether a home run screw (medial cuneiform to 2nd metatarsal base) combined with k-wire fixation of the 4th & 5th tarsometatarsal joints is sufficient to stabilise Lisfranc injuries or if fixation of the 1st and 3rd tarsometatarsal joints is also required. Unlike the 2nd, 4th and 5th tarsometatarsal joints, stabilisation of the 1st and 3rd requires either intra-articular screw or an extra-articular plate which risk causing chondrolysis and/or osteoarthritis...
April 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414545/modular-use-of-human-body-models-of-varying-levels-of-complexity-validation-of-head-kinematics
#3
William Decker, Bharath Koya, Matthew L Davis, F Scott Gayzik
Objective The significant computational resources required to execute detailed human body finite element models has motivated the development of faster running simplified models (e.g. GHBMC M50-OS). Previous studies have demonstrated the ability to modularly incorporate the validated GHBMC M50-O brain model into the simplified model (GHBMC M50-OS+B), which allows for localized analysis of the brain in a fraction of the computation time required for the detailed model. The objective of this study is to validate the head and neck kinematics of the GHBMC M50-O and M50-OS (detailed and simplified versions of the same model) against human volunteer test data in frontal and lateral loading...
April 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414487/how-much-is-enough-examining-frequency-criteria-for-nssi-disorder-in-adolescent-inpatients
#4
Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Amy M Brausch, Jason J Washburn
OBJECTIVE: To empirically evaluate the diagnostic relevance of the proposed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; APA, 2013) Criterion-A frequency threshold for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) disorder. METHOD: Archival, de-identified, self-reported clinical assessment data from 746 adolescent psychiatric patients (Mage = 14.97; 88% female; 76% White) were used. The sample was randomly split into 2 unique samples for data analyses...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404953/hydrogen-rich-saline-attenuates-spinal-cord-hemisection-induced-testicular-injury-in-rats
#5
Li Ge, Li-Hua Wei, Chang-Qing Du, Guo-Hua Song, Ya-Zhuo Xue, Hao-Shen Shi, Ming Yang, Xin-Xin Yin, Run-Ting Li, Xue-Er Wang, Zhen Wang, Wen-Gang Song
To study how hydrogen-rich saline (HS) promotes the recovery of testicular biological function in a hemi-sectioned spinal cord injury (hSCI) rat model, a right hemisection was performed at the T11-T12 of the spinal cord in Wistar rats. Animals were divided into four groups: normal group; vehicle group: sham-operated rats administered saline; hSCI group: subjected to hSCI and administered saline; HRST group: subjected to hSCI and administered HS. Hind limb neurological function, testis index, testicular morphology, mean seminiferous tubular diameter (MSTD) and seminiferous epithelial thickness (MSET), the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), mitofusin-2 (MFN-2), and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB-1), cell ultrastructure, and apoptosis of spermatogenic cells were studied...
March 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402687/seatbelt-pre-pretensioner-effect-on-child-sized-dummies-during-run-off-road-events
#6
Isabelle Stockman, Katarina Bohman, Lotta Jakobsson
Objective Run-off road events occur frequently and can result in severe consequences. Several potential injury causing mechanisms can be observed in the diverse types of run-off road events. Real world data shows that different types of environments, such as rough terrain, ditch types and whether multiple events occur, may be important contributing factors to the occupant injury. While countermeasures addressing front seat occupants have been presented, studies on rear seat occupant retention in situations such as run-off road events are lacking...
April 12, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398934/pediatric-lawnmower-injuries
#7
Tina S Lee, Jan D Luhmann, Scott J Luhmann, Kimberly S Quayle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate demographics, characteristics, and mechanisms of injuries caused by lawnmowers in children. METHODS: Chart review from 1990 to 2010 at a level I pediatric trauma center identified patients younger than 18 years with lawnmower injuries. Demographics and characteristics of the injuries were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis. RESULTS: The study identified 88 subjects, with 80% males and 42% of the subjects younger than 5 years...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394832/strength-and-conditioning-training-by-the-danish-national-handball-team-prior-to-an-olympic-tournament
#8
Thue Kvorning, Mikkel R B Hansen, Kurt Jensen
The physical demands imposed on national team handball teams during the Olympics imply significant physical preparation in order to improve performance and reduce incidence of injuries. The purpose of the present case report is to describe and analyze the strength and conditioning (S&C) training carried out by the Danish national handball team before the Beijing Olympic Games. Eight weeks of S&C was divided into blocks of 5 weeks emphasizing muscle hypertrophy and long interval running followed by 3 weeks emphasizing strength, power and short interval running...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394816/brain-mri-findings-in-pediatric-patients-post-ecmo
#9
Venessa L Pinto, Sumit Pruthi, Ashly C Westrick, Chevis N Shannon, Brian C Bridges, Truc M Le
Neurologic complications can occur with ECMO due to several factors. Prior studies identified neonates as having unique risk factors and neuro-imaging findings post-ECMO. The aim of this study is to describe brain MRI findings of pediatric patients treated with ECMO. We conducted a retrospective study of non-neonatal pediatric patients who underwent a comprehensive brain MRI after ECMO, between January 2000 and July 2015. We identified 47 pediatric patients in the study cohort with a median age of 8 months (IQR 3-170mo) and a median ECMO run duration of 7...
April 6, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388780/effect-of-footwear-on-dynamic-stability-during-single-leg-jump-landings
#10
Bradley J Bowser, William C Rose, Robert McGrath, Jilian Salerno, Joshua Wallace, Irene S Davis
Barefoot and minimal footwear running has led to greater interest in the biomechanical effects of different types of footwear. The effect of running footwear on dynamic stability is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to compare dynamic stability and impact loading across 3 footwear conditions; barefoot, minimal footwear and standard running shoes. 25 injury free runners (21 male, 4 female) completed 5 single-leg jump landings in each footwear condition. Dynamic stability was assessed using the dynamic postural stability index and its directional components (mediolateral, anteroposterior, vertical)...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388232/increasing-and-decreasing-pain-causes-acute-responses-of-strength-and-running-mechanics-in-patellofemoral-pain
#11
David M Bazett-Jones, Wendy Huddleston, Stephen Cobb, Kristian O'Connor, Jennifer E Earl-Boehm
CONTEXT:   Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is typically exacerbated by repetitive activities that load the patellofemoral joint, such as running. Understanding the mediating effects of changes in pain in individuals with PFP might inform injury progression, rehabilitation, or both. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the effects of changing pain on muscular strength and running biomechanics in those with PFP. DESIGN:   Crossover study. SETTING:   University research laboratory...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382580/the-dynamics-of-cardiovascular-biomarkers-in-non-elite-marathon-runners
#12
Emma Roca, Lexa Nescolarde, Josep Lupón, Jaume Barallat, James L Januzzi, Peter Liu, M Cruz Pastor, Antoni Bayes-Genis
The number of recreational/non-elite athletes participating in marathons is increasing, but data regarding impact of endurance exercise on cardiovascular health are conflicting. This study evaluated 79 recreational athletes of the 2016 Barcelona Marathon (72% men; mean age 39 ± 6 years; 71% ≥35 years). Blood samples were collected at baseline (24-48 h before the race), immediately after the race (1-2 h after the race), and 48-h post-race. Amino-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP, a marker of myocardial strain), ST2 (a marker of extracellular matrix remodeling and fibrosis, inflammation, and myocardial strain), and high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT, a marker of myocyte stress/injury) were assayed...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382217/massive-open-online-courses-for-educating-physiotherapists-about-spinal-cord-injuries-a-descriptive-study
#13
Lisa A Harvey, Joanne V Glinsky, Stephen Muldoon, Harvinder S Chhabra
INTRODUCTION: This was a descriptive study with the primary objective of describing two Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) about the physiotherapy management of spinal cord injuries. We sought to determine the number of participants who registered and then completed the MOOCs, and changes in participants' knowledge. The secondary objective was to determine whether the MOOCs increased usage of www.elearnSCI.org. The setting for this study was global and online. CASE PRESENTATION: Two 5-week MOOCs were run in 2014 and 2016 about physiotherapy management of spinal cord injuries...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380451/effect-on-intensity-of-treadmill-running-on-learning-memory-and-expressions-of-cell-cycle-related-proteins-in-rats-with-cerebral-ischemia
#14
Ya-Ning Zhao, Jian-Min Li, Chang-Xiang Chen, Shu-Xing Li, Cheng-Jing Xue
OBJECTIVE: We discussed the intensity of treadmill running on learning, memory and expression of cell cycle-related proteins in rats with cerebral ischemia. METHOD: Eighty healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, intensity I group and intensity II group, with 20 rats in each group. The four-vessel occlusion method of Pulsinelli (4-VO) was used to induce global cerebral ischemia. Brain neuronal morphology was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining at 3h, 6h, 24h and 48h after modeling, respectively...
March 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366601/identifying-barriers-to-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-after-completion-of-an-accredited-education-program
#15
Chris M Gildea, Wendy M Lantaff, Nicole L Olenik
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify patient-perceived barriers to achieving A1C targets after receiving instruction in an accredited diabetes education program. DESIGN: Qualitative research using semistructured interviews and thematic analyses. SETTING: One pharmacist-run diabetes center located within an independent community pharmacy in a suburban region of southern Indiana. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 17 participants between the ages of 41-78 were interviewed in March and April 2016...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365563/pedestrian-inattention-blindness-while-playing-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-as-an-emerging-health-risk-behavior-a-case-report
#16
Stefania Barbieri, Gianna Vettore, Vincenzo Pietrantonio, Rossella Snenghi, Alberto Tredese, Mauro Bergamini, Sara Previato, Armando Stefanati, Rosa Maria Gaudio, Paolo Feltracco
BACKGROUND: Cases of trauma resulting from the use of mobile phones while driving motor vehicles have become quite common in recent years. Road injuries incurred by people playing video games on mobile phones (or other media devices) while walking have also become a cause for concern. Pokémon Go has been the world's most popular game since it was launched in July 2016, with more than 15 million players trying to catch all Pokémon available in the game; however, the case detailed here is the first reported accident in the medical literature caused by a pedestrian distracted by the game while crossing a street...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360142/do-functional-movement-screen-fms-composite-scores-predict-subsequent-injury-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Robert W Moran, Anthony G Schneiders, Jesse Mason, S John Sullivan
AIM: This paper aims to systematically review studies investigating the strength of association between FMS composite scores and subsequent risk of injury, taking into account both methodological quality and clinical and methodological diversity. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted for the period between their inception and 3 March 2016 using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus, Academic Search Complete, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Health Source and SPORTDiscus...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359588/centrifugal-pumps-and-hemolysis-in-pediatric-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-patients-an-analysis-of-extracorporeal-life-support-organization-elso-registry-data
#18
Ciaran O'Brien, Julie Monteagudo, Christine Schad, Eva Cheung, William Middlesworth
PURPOSE: It is currently unclear whether centrifugal pumps cause more hemolysis than roller pumps in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuits. The aim of this study was to help answer that question in pediatric patients. METHODS: A limited deidentified data set was extracted from the international multicenter Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) registry comprising all reported ECMO runs for patients 18years or younger between 2010 and 2015...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356642/the-effects-of-preceding-exercise-on-myocardial-damage-in-rats
#19
Seung Hee Hyun, Young Mi Kim, Su Jin Park
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise on myocardial injury in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Two groups of rats were trained with either moderate- or high-intensity treadmill running for four weeks. Subsequently, the concentrations of cardiac troponin and the N-terminal of prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were examined following a single bout of prolonged intensive exercise (lasting 3 h). [Subjects and Methods] The study included 40 six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 150-180 g each...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355084/effect-of-nsaids-on-recovery-from-acute-skeletal-muscle-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Kimberly M Morelli, Laura B Brown, Gordon L Warren
BACKGROUND: There is debate as to whether the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is beneficial after acute skeletal muscle injury. Some studies have suggested that NSAID use may be detrimental to injured muscle. PURPOSE: To determine whether NSAID use affects recovery from skeletal muscle injury as assessed by strength loss, soreness, and/or blood creatine kinase level. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: An extensive systematic review was completed searching 16 databases (eg, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE)...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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