keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

endemic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646277/standardization-and-prevalence-of-the-booster-phenomenon-evaluation-using-a-two-step-skin-test-with-43%C3%A2-kda-glycoprotein-in-individuals-from-an-endemic-region-of-paracoccidioidomycosis
#1
Ana Paula C Marques, Sandra Maria V L Oliveira, Grazielli R Rezende, Dayane A Melo, Sonia M Fernandes-Fitts, Elenir Rose J C Pontes, Maria da Glória Bonecini-Almeida, Zoilo P Camargo, Rinaldo P Mendes, Anamaria M M Paniago
BACKGROUND: We estimated the occurrence rate of the booster phenomenon by using an intradermal test with 43 kDa glycoprotein in an endemic area of paracoccidioidomycosis in the central-west region of Brazil. METHODS: Individuals who had a negative result on a survey performed by using an intradermal test with 43 kDa glycoprotein in an endemic area of paracoccidioidomycosis underwent a second intradermal test after 10-15 days to determine the presence or absence of the booster phenomenon...
June 23, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645862/seroprevalence-and-susceptibility-to-hepatitis-a-in-the-european-union-and-european-economic-area-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Paloma Carrillo-Santisteve, Lara Tavoschi, Ettore Severi, Sandro Bonfigli, Michael Edelstein, Emma Byström, Pierluigi Lopalco
Most of the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) is considered a region of very low hepatitis A virus (HAV) endemicity; however, geographical differences exist. We did a systematic review with the aim of describing seroprevalence and susceptibility in the general population or special groups in the EU and EEA. We searched databases and public health national institutes websites for HAV seroprevalence records published between Jan 1, 1975, and June 30, 2014, with no language restrictions. An updated search was done on Aug 10, 2016...
June 20, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645716/guide-to-active-vaccine-safety-surveillance-report-of-cioms-working-group-on-vaccine-safety-executive-summary
#3
U Heininger, K Holm, I Caplanusi, S R Bailey
In 2013, the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) created a Working Group on Vaccine Safety (WG) to address unmet needs in the area of vaccine pharmacovigilance. Generating reliable data about specific vaccine safety concerns is becoming a priority due to recent progress in the development and deployment of new vaccines of global importance, as well as novel vaccines targeting diseases specifically endemic to many resource-limited countries (RLCs), e.g. malaria, dengue. The WG created a Guide to Active Vaccine Safety Surveillance (AVSS) to assist national regulatory authorities and national immunization program officers in RLCs in determining the best course of action with regards to non-routine pharmacovigilance activities, when confronted with a launch of a new vaccine or a vaccine that is new to their country...
June 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645237/homologous-microscopic-agglutinating-antibodies-after-natural-infection-with-leptospires-results-from-a-long-term-follow-up-of-a-cohort-living-in-an-endemic-area
#4
R Vimal Raj, K Vinod Kumar, A P Sugunan, K Natarajaseenivasan, P Vijayachari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644889/evaluation-of-different-serological-assays-for-early-diagnosis-of-leptospirosis-in-martinique-french-west-indies
#5
Christophe Courdurie, Yohann Le Govic, Pascale Bourhy, Dorothee Alexer, Karine Pailla, Rafaelle Theodose, Raymond Cesaire, Jacques Rosine, Patrick Hochedez, Claude Olive
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a potentially life-threatening but curable zoonosis whose prognosis depends on accurate and timely diagnosis. Because of its non-specific clinical presentation, laboratory testing is essential to confirm the diagnosis. Here, we aimed to assess the performance of two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) (ELISA Serion and ELISA-Hb Pasteur) and one immunodot (GenBio) using quantitative PCR (qPCR) as gold standard, instead of the traditional microscopic agglutination test, for the diagnosis of acute leptospirosis in an endemic area...
June 23, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644847/role-of-classic-signs-as-diagnostic-predictors-for-enteric-fever-among-returned-travellers-relative-bradycardia-and-eosinopenia
#6
Takashi Matono, Satoshi Kutsuna, Yasuyuki Kato, Yuichi Katanami, Kei Yamamoto, Nozomi Takeshita, Kayoko Hayakawa, Shuzo Kanagawa, Mitsuo Kaku, Norio Ohmagari
BACKGROUND: The lack of characteristic clinical findings and accurate diagnostic tools has made the diagnosis of enteric fever difficult. We evaluated the classic signs of relative bradycardia and eosinopenia as diagnostic predictors for enteric fever among travellers who had returned from the tropics or subtropics. METHODS: This matched case-control study used data from 2006 to 2015 for culture-proven enteric fever patients as cases. Febrile patients (>38.3°C) with non-enteric fever, who had returned from the tropics or subtropics, were matched to the cases in a 1:3 ratio by age (±3 years), sex, and year of diagnosis as controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644542/the-conservation-significance-of-natural-hybridisation-in-mediterranean-plants-from-a-case-study-on-cyclamen-primulaceae-to-a-general-perspective
#7
John D Thompson, Perrine Gauthier, Guillaume Papuga, Virginie Pons, Max Debussche, Emmanuele Farris
Hybridisation plays a prominent role in plant evolution due to its influence on genetic diversity, fitness and adaptive potential We identify a case of on-going hybrid evolution of floral phenotypes in disjunct populations of Cyclamen balearicum and C. repandum subsp. repandum on Corsica and Sardinia. Hybrid populations on the two islands contain similar patterns of variation in flower colour and size but are probably at different stages in the evolutionary process of hybridisation and differences in the frequency of floral types and flower size suggest hybrid vigour that may contribute to the dynamics and maintenance of hybrid forms...
June 23, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644403/assessment-of-vulnerability-to-coccidioidomycosis-in-arizona-and-california
#8
Jennifer Shriber, Kathryn C Conlon, Kaitlin Benedict, Orion Z McCotter, Jesse E Bell
Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection endemic to the southwestern United States, particularly Arizona and California. Its incidence has increased, potentially due in part to the effects of changing climatic variables on fungal growth and spore dissemination. This study aims to quantify the county-level vulnerability to coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California and to assess the relationships between population vulnerability and climate variability. The variables representing exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity were combined to calculate county level vulnerability indices...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643983/-an-underestimated-cause-of-seizure-in-europe
#9
Chloé Godoffe, Pierrick Le Borgne, Claire Kam, Mihaela Mihalcea-Danciu, Pascal Bilbault, Philippe Kauffmann
Seizures are very common in the Emergency Department (ED). We present here a case of a young woman with neurocysticercosis ; a worldwide and nearly endemic cause of seizure in the southern hemisphere. Clinical manifestations are very different between patients from asymptomatic to life-threatening hydrocephalus. Diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical presentation, neuroimaging (CT and MRI) findings, history of exposure, and serologic testing.
June 14, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643775/zika-virus-pathogenesis-in-rhesus-macaques-is-unaffected-by-pre-existing-immunity-to-dengue-virus
#10
Petraleigh Pantoja, Erick X Pérez-Guzmán, Idia V Rodríguez, Laura J White, Olga González, Crisanta Serrano, Luis Giavedoni, Vida Hodara, Lorna Cruz, Teresa Arana, Melween I Martínez, Mariah A Hassert, James D Brien, Amelia K Pinto, Aravinda de Silva, Carlos A Sariol
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a re-emerging virus that has recently spread into dengue virus (DENV) endemic regions and cross-reactive antibodies (Abs) could potentially affect ZIKV pathogenesis. Using DENV-immune serum, it has been shown in vitro that antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of ZIKV infection can occur. Here we study the effects of pre-existing DENV immunity on ZIKV infection in vivo. We infect two cohorts of rhesus macaques with ZIKV; one cohort has been exposed to DENV 2.8 years earlier and a second control cohort is naïve to flaviviral infection...
June 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643684/-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma-report-of-a-case-in-uruguay
#11
Matilde Boada, Sofía Grille, Andreina Brugnini, Natalia Trias, Cecilia Canesa, Lilián Díaz, Daniela Lens
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma belongs to the group of mature T-cell malignancies according to the WHO classification. It constitutes a rare entity and has a strong association with infection by human T-lymphotropic virus 1. In Uruguay, this viral infection is very infrequent and, to our knowledge, no case of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma has been previously reported. We describe the case of a woman, immigrant from Peru, who presented with persistent lymphocytosis, intestinal parasitic diseases, and skin involvement...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643674/microbiological-and-serological-control-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-in-kindergarten-staff-in-buenos-aires-city-and-suburban-areas
#12
Romina J Fernández-Brando, María Marta Amaral, Andrés E Ciocchini, Leticia V Bentancor, Jorge A Trelles, Marcelo Da Rocha, Martín Landriel, Mariana Ugarte, Gabriel Briones, Cristina Ibarra, Marina S Palermo
Shiga toxin (Stx)-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections are implicated in the development of the life-threatening hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Despite the magnitude of the social and economic problems caused by HUS, no licensed vaccine or effective therapy is currently available for human use. Prevention of STEC infections continues being the most important measure to reduce HUS incidence. This is especially true for Argentina where HUS incidence among children is extremely high and shows an endemic pattern...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643547/rabies%C3%A2-%C3%A2-epidemiology-pathogenesis-public-health-concerns-and-advances-in-diagnosis-and-control-a-comprehensive-review
#13
Rajendra Singh, Karam Pal Singh, Susan Cherian, Mani Saminathan, Sanjay Kapoor, G B Manjunatha Reddy, Shibani Panda, Kuldeep Dhama
Rabies is a zoonotic, fatal and progressive neurological infection caused by rabies virus of the genus Lyssavirus and family Rhabdoviridae. It affects all warm-blooded animals and the disease is prevalent throughout the world and endemic in many countries except in Islands like Australia and Antarctica. Over 60,000 peoples die every year due to rabies, while approximately 15 million people receive rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) annually. Bite of rabid animals and saliva of infected host are mainly responsible for transmission and wildlife like raccoons, skunks, bats and foxes are main reservoirs for rabies...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643413/effects-of-sodium-chloride-on-heat-resistance-oxidative-susceptibility-motility-biofilm-and-plaque-formation-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei
#14
Pornpan Pumirat, Muthita Vanaporn, Usa Boonyuen, Nitaya Indrawattana, Amporn Rungruengkitkun, Narisara Chantratita
Burkholderia pseudomallei is an environmental saprophyte and the causative agent of melioidosis, a severe infectious disease prevalent in tropical areas, including southeast Asia and northern Australia. In Thailand, the highest incidence of melioidosis is in the northeast region, where saline soil and water are abundant. We hypothesized that B. pseudomallei develops an ability to thrive in saline conditions and gains a selective ecological advantage over other soil-dwelling microorganisms. However, little is known about how an elevated NaCl concentration affects survival and adaptive changes in this pathogen...
June 23, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642140/emergence-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-isolated-from-patients-in-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-epidemiology-clinical-profiles-and-outcomes
#15
Fawzia E Alotaibi, Elham E Bukhari, Maha M Al-Mohizea, Taghreed Hafiz, Eman Bin Essa, Yasmeen I AlTokhais
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae have been steadily spreading worldwide during the last decade. Nine patients were identified prospectively and were followed during their hospitalization course to identify the epidemiology, clinical profiles and outcomes. These patients had one or more cultures positive for a CRE isolate, contributing to a total of eleven positive cultures from various sites without including duplicates of isolates obtained from the same site. Isolates from these patients included five Klebseilla pneumoniae, three Escherichia coli, and one Enterobacter aerogenes...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641590/measles-elimination-and-immunisation-national-surveillance-trends-in-japan-2008-2015
#16
S Inaida, S Matsuno, F Kobune
Measles elimination relies on vaccination programmes. In Japan, a major outbreak started in 2007. In response, 5-year two-dose catch-up vaccination programme was initiated in April 2008 for children 13-16-years-old. In this study, we analysed the epidemic curves, incidence rates for each age group, virus genotype, vaccination coverage and ratio of measles gelatin particle agglutination (PA) antibody using surveillance data for 2008-2015. Monthly case counts markedly decreased as vaccination coverage increased...
June 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640968/the-impact-of-andean-patagonian-mycoflora-in-the-search-for-new-lead-molecules
#17
REVIEW
Pedro M Aqueveque, Carlos L Cespedes, Isao Kubo, David S Seigler, Olov Sterner
Secondary metabolites from fungi have become a major source of chemical innovation in programs searching for lead molecules with bioactivities, especially over the last 50 years. In this review, we discuss the fundamental considerations in the discovery of molecules for agricultural and medicinal uses. This group of organisms possesses a strong potential for scientific and industrial communities. Recently, the incorporation of new technologies for the artificial cultivation of fungi and the use of better equipment to isolate and identify active metabolites has allowed the discovery of leading molecules for the design of new and safer drugs and pesticides...
June 22, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640795/progress-toward-containment-of-poliovirus-type-2-worldwide-2017
#18
Nicoletta Previsani, Harpal Singh, Jeanette St Pierre, Liliane Boualam, Jacqueline Fournier-Caruana, Roland W Sutter, Michel Zaffran
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) continues to make progress toward the eradication target. Only one of the three serotypes, wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1 (WPV1), is still circulating, and the numbers of cases and countries with endemic transmission are at record lows. With the certification of wild poliovirus type 2 (WPV2) eradication in 2015 and the global replacement of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) containing Sabin poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 with bivalent OPV containing only Sabin poliovirus types 1 and 3 during April-May 2016, poliovirus type 2 (PV2) is now an eradicated pathogen...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640687/dust-exposure-and-coccidioidomycosis-prevention-among-solar-power-farm-construction-workers-in-california
#19
Gail L Sondermeyer Cooksey, Jason A Wilken, Jennifer McNary, Debra Gilliss, Dennis Shusterman, Barbara L Materna, Duc J Vugia
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if work activities, dust exposure, and protection measures were associated with a 2011 to 2014 coccidioidomycosis outbreak among workers constructing 2 solar farms in California. METHODS: In 2013, we mailed self-administered questionnaires to employees who were onsite at the solar farms where the outbreak occurred to identify cases of clinical coccidioidomycosis and compare with asymptomatic workers by using multivariate logistic regression...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640393/malagasy-cichlids-differentially-limit-impacts-of-body-shape-evolution-on-oral-jaw-functional-morphology
#20
Christopher M Martinez, John S Sparks
Patterns of trait covariation, like integration and modularity, are vital factors that influence the evolution of vertebrate body plans. In functional systems, decoupling of morphological modules buffers functional change in one trait by reducing correlated variation with another. However, for complex morphologies with many-to-one mapping of form to function (MTOM), resistance to functional change may also be achieved by constraining morphological variation within a functionally stable region of morphospace...
June 22, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
keyword
keyword
43673
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"