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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718835/anti-hyperlipidemia-of-garlic-by-reducing-the-level-of-total-cholesterol-and-low-density-lipoprotein-a-meta-analysis
#1
Yue-E Sun, Weidong Wang, Jie Qin
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to understand the impact of garlic on improving blood lipids using a meta-analysis. METHODS: A literature search of the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases was performed using keywords such as "garlic" and "hypercholesterolemia," and the deadline "July 14 (th), 2017." After extracting relevant details, each selected literature was evaluated for quality according to the quality evaluation criteria of bias risk recommended by Cochrane Collaboration recommendations and heterogeneity tests were performed...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712560/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factor-responses-to-a-type-2-diabetes-care-model-including-nutritional-ketosis-induced-by-sustained-carbohydrate-restriction-at-1-year-an-open-label-non-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Nasir H Bhanpuri, Sarah J Hallberg, Paul T Williams, Amy L McKenzie, Kevin D Ballard, Wayne W Campbell, James P McCarter, Stephen D Phinney, Jeff S Volek
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). We recently reported that glycemic control in patients with T2D can be significantly improved through a continuous care intervention (CCI) including nutritional ketosis. The purpose of this study was to examine CVD risk factors in this cohort. METHODS: We investigated CVD risk factors in patients with T2D who participated in a 1 year open label, non-randomized, controlled study...
May 1, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693548/prevalence-and-association-of-clinical-characteristics-and-biochemical-factors-with-complications-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-palestinians-treated-in-primary-healthcare-practice
#3
Ramzi Shawahna, Yousef Shanti, Mutassem Sharabati, Ammar Alawneh, Rakan Shaqu
AIMS: The current study was carried out to examine prevalence of complications related to diabetes mellitus (DM) and to investigate association between clinical variables and biochemical factors with complications of DM in patients treated in primary healthcare settings in the West Bank of Palestine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sociodemographic, clinical, and biochemical variables were collected from 385 patients visiting 17 primary healthcare settings in the West Bank...
April 13, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628368/sebelipase-alfa-improves-atherogenic-biomarkers-in-adults-and-children-with-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency
#4
Don P Wilson, Mark Friedman, Sachin Marulkar, Tyler Hamby, Eric Bruckert
BACKGROUND: Measures of atherogenic cholesterol, with and without concomitant use of lipid-lowering medications (LLMs), are reported with up to 52 weeks of sebelipase alfa treatment in children and adults with lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) participating in the phase 3 Acid Lipase Replacement Investigating Safety and Efficacy study (NCT01757184). OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of sebelipase alfa on levels of atherogenic biomarkers in the Acid Lipase Replacement Investigating Safety and Efficacy study...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621980/modulations-in-the-offspring-gut-microbiome-are-refractory-to-postnatal-synbiotic-supplementation-among-juvenile-primates
#5
Ryan M Pace, Amanda L Prince, Jun Ma, Benjamin D W Belfort, Alexia S Harvey, Min Hu, Karalee Baquero, Peter Blundell, Diana Takahashi, Tyler Dean, Paul Kievit, Elinor L Sullivan, Jacob E Friedman, Kevin Grove, Kjersti M Aagaard
BACKGROUND: We and others have previously shown that alterations in the mammalian gut microbiome are associated with diet, notably early life exposure to a maternal high fat diet (HFD). Here, we aimed to further these studies by examining alterations in the gut microbiome of juvenile Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) that were exposed to a maternal HFD, weaned onto a control diet, and later supplemented with a synbiotic comprised of psyllium seed and Enterococcus and Lactobacillus species...
April 5, 2018: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609929/red-yeast-rice-ryr-supplementation-in-patients-treated-with-second-generation-antipsychotics
#6
Antonio Bruno, Gianluca Pandolfo, Manuela Crucitti, Giulia Maria Troili, Edoardo Spina, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
OBJECTIVE: Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) have a negative impact on metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors for their effects on body weight and on metabolic parameters. Statins are widely used in the treatment of dyslipidemia; less is known on the ability of statins to treat SGAs-induced dyslipidemia, and nutraceutical approaches may represent promising strategies in SGAs-treated patients. Red Yeast Rice (RYR), the fermented product of the Aspergillaceae mold Monascus purpureus (red yeast) grown on white rice, has been shown to have a cholesterol-lowering effect which can be ascribed to monacolin K, although other active compounds may play a role management of hyperlipidemia...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564091/the-effect-of-opuntia-ficus-indica-juice-supplementation-on-oxidative-stress-cardiovascular-parameters-and-biochemical-markers-following-yo-yo-intermittent-recovery-test
#7
Aloui Khouloud, Salma Abedelmalek, Hamdi Chtourou, Nizar Souissi
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a flavonoid-rich fresh fruit juice on cardiovascular, oxidative stress, and biochemical parameters during the yo-yo intermittent recovery test (YYIRT). Twenty-two healthy males subjects participated in this study divided into two groups: An experimental group (EG: n  = 11) who consumed the antioxidant supplement and a control group (CG: n  = 11). All participants performed two test sessions at 07:00 hr before and after 2 weeks of supplementation with Opuntia ficus-indica juice...
March 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533539/cord-blood-lipid-profile-in-healthy-newborns-a-prospective-single-center-study
#8
Elżbieta Pac-Kożuchowska, Anna Rakuś-Kwiatosz, Paulina Krawiec
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis may originate during the fetal period, therefore it is reasonable to identify early risk markers of lifestyle diseases. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between fetal and maternal factors, and the neonatal cord blood lipid profile in term newborns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study group, there were 206 healthy Polish newborns. Newborn characteristics included sex, gestational age at birth, Apgar score, and anthropometric data (weight and length at birth, neonatal ponderal index, head, chest and abdominal circumferences, placenta weight, and placental-fetal weight ratio)...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516696/-effects-of-herbal-cake-separated-moxibustion-on-blood-lipid-protein-levels-and-expression-of-toll-like-receptor-and-nuclear-factor-genes-in-atherosclerotic-plaques-in-hyperglycemia-rabbits
#9
Xue-Na Zheng, Jun Yang, Tao Xie, Bin Guo, Zhi-Qiang Xie, Li-Na Xie, Xue-Fen Wu, Gang-Zhu Hu, Mai-Lan Liu, Zeng-Hui Yue
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of herbal cake-separated moxibustion on blood lipid-apoprotein levels and the expression of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR 2), TLR 4 and nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) mRNAs in atherosclerotic (AS) vulnerable plaques of hyperglycemia rabbits, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of atherosclerosis. METHODS: Sixty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups: control, model, direct moxibustion, herbal-cake-separated moxibustion and medication groups( n =12 rabbits in each group)...
February 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500141/polymorphisms-in-cyp450-genes-and-the-therapeutic-effect-of-atorvastatin-on-ischemic-stroke-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-chinese-population
#10
Chen Peng, Ying Ding, Xin Yi, Yupei Shen, Zhiqiang Dong, Limei Cao, Qiang Li, Haiyan Ren, Lin He, Daizhan Zhou, Xu Chen
PURPOSE: Ischemic stroke (IS) is one of the most common neurologic diseases and is the main cause of death and disability in the Chinese population. This retrospective cohort study was performed to elucidate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in cytochrome P450 genes and the therapeutic effect of atorvastatin. METHODS: A total of 192 cases of IS were enrolled in the study. All patients were treated with atorvastatin, and their lipid levels and proportions were measured...
March 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410303/association-of-leptin-adiponectin-ratio-and-metabolic-risk-markers-in-postmenopausal-women
#11
Vandana Gupta, Sameeksha Mishra, Supriya Mishra, Sandeep Kumar, Vani Gupta
Leptin and adiponectin play an important role in the regulation of body weight and energy homeostasis. The purpose of the present study was to ascertain the relationship between leptin to adiponectin ratio (L:A) and metabolic risk factors in postmenopausal women.This is a cross sectional case-control study. A total of 523 postmenopausal women were recruited for the study 270 postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome and 253 apparently healthy control postmenopausal women without metabolic syndrome. Biochemical and Anthropometrical parameters were measured...
April 2018: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410009/serum-il-1ra-a-novel-biomarker-predicting-olanzapine-induced-hypercholesterolemia-and-hyperleptinemia-in-schizophrenia
#12
Yezhe Lin, Yanmin Peng, Shen He, Jinjie Xu, Yuan Shi, Yousong Su, Cuizhen Zhu, Xinyi Zhang, Rubai Zhou, Donghong Cui
Olanzapine (OLZ) is efficacious whereas leads to adverse metabolic effects thus lead to higher risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) on schizophrenia. Cytokines have been found associated with metabolic disorders. Therefore, pretreatment prediction of OLZ-induced adverse metabolic effects is urgently needed. To investigate if baseline cytokine levels could become biomarkers for pathogenesis of schizophrenia or prediction for OLZ-induced adverse metabolic effects, we recruited 75 participants, including 23 schizophrenia inpatients, who were antipsychotic-free over the past 6 months or first episode and drug-naive and 52 matched health controls, in our prospective cohort study and cross-sectional study...
June 8, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402659/the-effect-of-nutrition-and-sleep-habits-on-predisposition-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-greek-children
#13
Maria Efthymia Katsa, Anastasios Ioannidis, Sofia Zyga, Maria Tsironi, Paraskevas Koutsovitis, Stylianos Chatzipanagiotou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Athanasios Sachlas, Petros Kolovos, Kleopatra Routsi, Anna Maria Pistikou, Dafni Eleni Kougioumtzi Dimoliani, Andrea Paola Rojas Gil
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of lifestyle habits in childhood Metabolic Syndrome (MTS). DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive correlation study with 480 participants (5-12 years old) using a specially designed questionnaire was conducted. Anthropometric and biochemical analyses were performed. RESULTS: Fifteen percent of children exhibited predisposition for MTS. Regarding sleep habits, logistic regression analysis (LRA) showed that hour of sleep -before 22:00- was associated with decreased waist circumference (WC%) (p = ...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401699/the-effect-of-a-leisure-time-physical-activity-intervention-delivered-via-a-workplace-15-month-follow-up-study
#14
Marit Skogstad, Lars-Kristian Lunde, Bente Ulvestad, Hans Christian D Aass, Thomas Clemm, Asgeir Mamen, Øivind Skare
In line with recommendations from both the World Health Organization and the European Union some employers encourage workplace health promotion through physical activity (PA) facilities and leisure time PA-initiatives. The current study describes a 15-month follow-up after an 8-week workplace delivered PA-initiative, investigates if improvements in cardiovascular risk status are sustainable, and elucidates differences according to educational level. One hundred and twenty one employees (43 women) were examined before and after the 8-week PA-initiative and 94 at the 15-month follow-up...
February 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378632/the-effects-of-a-12-week-worksite-physical-activity-intervention-on-anthropometric-indices-blood-pressure-indices-and-plasma-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-university-employees
#15
Duane B Corbett, Curtis Fennell, Kylene Peroutky, J Derek Kingsley, Ellen L Glickman
BACKGROUND: To determine the effectiveness of a low-cost 12-week worksite physical activity intervention targeting a goal of 10,000 steps per day on reducing anthropometric indices, blood pressure indices, and plasma biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among the employees of a major university. METHODS: Fifty university employees (n = 43 female, n = 7 male; mean age = 48 ± 10 years) participated in the 12-week physical activity intervention (60 min, 3 day/week)...
January 29, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371871/effect-of-crocin-a-carotenoid-from-saffron-on-plasma-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-and-lipid-profile-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Ali Javandoost, Asma Afshari, Irandokht Nikbakht-Jam, Mohammad Khademi, Saied Eslami, Mina Nosrati, Mojtaba Foroutan-Tanha, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Shima Tavalaie, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon Ferns, Farzin Hadizadeh, Abolghasem Tabassi, Ahmad Mohajeri
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is defined by insulin resistance and a clustering of other cardiovascular risk factors. Crocin is a carotenoid derived from the stigmas of the saffron flower and had previously been shown to affect lipid profile. However, the mechanism for this function is not well understood. The present trial aimed to investigate the possible effect of crocin on plasma levels of cholesteryl ester transfer protein and lipid profile in individuals with metabolic syndrome...
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368965/consensus-statement-by-the-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-on-the-comprehensive-type-2-diabetes-management-algorithm-2018-executive-summary
#17
Alan J Garber, Martin J Abrahamson, Joshua I Barzilay, Lawrence Blonde, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Michael A Bush, Samuel Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Vivian A Fonseca, Jeffrey R Garber, W Timothy Garvey, George Grunberger, Yehuda Handelsman, Irl B Hirsch, Paul S Jellinger, Janet B McGill, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Paul D Rosenblit, Guillermo E Umpierrez
A1C = hemoglobin A1C; AACE = American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists; ACCORD = Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes; ACCORD BP = Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes Blood Pressure; ACEI = angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; ADVANCE = Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron MR Controlled Evaluation; AGI = alpha-glucosidase inhibitor; apo B = apolipoprotein B; ASCVD = atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; BAS = bile acid sequestrant; BCR-QR = bromocriptine quick release; BMI = body mass index; BP = blood pressure; CCB = calcium channel blocker; CHD = coronary heart disease; CKD = chronic kidney disease; CVD = cardiovascular disease; DASH = Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension; DPP4 = dipeptidyl peptidase 4; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; ER = extended release; FDA = Food and Drug Administration; GLP1 = glucagon-like peptide 1; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; IMPROVE-IT = Improved Reduction of Outcomes: Vytorin Efficacy International Trial; LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-P = low-density lipoprotein particle; Look AHEAD = Look Action for Health in Diabetes; NPH = neutral protamine Hagedorn; OSA = obstructive sleep apnea; RCT = randomized controlled trial; SU = sulfonylurea; SGLT2 = sodium glucose cotransporter-2; SMBG = self-monitoring of blood glucose; T2D = type 2 diabetes; TZD = thiazolidinedione; VADT = Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial...
January 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340242/a-diagnostic-model-for-minimal-change-disease-based-on-biological-parameters
#18
Hanyu Zhu, Qiuxia Han, Dong Zhang, Yong Wang, Jing Gao, Wenjia Geng, Xiaoli Yang, Xiangmei Chen
Background: Minimal change disease (MCD) is a kind of nephrotic syndrome (NS). In this study, we aimed to establish a mathematical diagnostic model based on biological parameters to classify MCD. Methods: A total of 798 NS patients were divided into MCD group and control group. The comparison of biological indicators between two groups were performed with t -tests. Logistic regression was used to establish the diagnostic model, and the diagnostic value of the model was estimated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313223/impact-of-a-population-health-management-intervention-on-disparities-in-cardiovascular-disease-control
#19
Aisha James, Seth A Berkowitz, Jeffrey M Ashburner, Yuchiao Chang, Daniel M Horn, Sandra M O'Keefe, Steven J Atlas
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems use population health management programs to improve the quality of cardiovascular disease care. Adding a dedicated population health coordinator (PHC) who identifies and reaches out to patients not meeting cardiovascular care goals to these programs may help reduce disparities in cardiovascular care. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a program that used PHCs decreased racial/ethnic disparities in LDL cholesterol and blood pressure (BP) control...
April 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227169/descriptive-study-of-the-relationship-between-the-subclinical-carotid-disease-and-biomarkers-carotid-femoral-pulse-wave-velocity-in-patients-with-hypertension
#20
XiaoXiao Zhao, Liujin Bo, Hongwei Zhao, Lihong Li, Yingyan Zhou, Hongyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is a significant early prediction signal for preclinical atherosclerosis. Plasma homocysteine (Hcy) level is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Pulse wave velocity (PWV), an index of arterial stiffness (AS), has showed its value in the evaluation of AS in vascular-related diseases. The data regarding the relationships between cIMT and other indices of vascular damage are limited and partly controversial. We aim to investigate the relationships between cIMT and other indices of vascular damage such as Hcy and carotid femoral PWV (CF-PWV)...
2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
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