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Michael Grabner, Deborah A Winegar, Rajeshwari S Punekar, Ralph A Quimbo, Mark J Cziraky, William C Cromwell
A recent analysis of a commercially insured US population found fewer cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in high-risk patients attaining low levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), as measured by LDL particle number (LDL-P) versus low LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). Here, we investigated the cost effectiveness of LDL-lowering therapy guided by LDL-P. Patients were selected from the HealthCore Integrated Research Database and followed for 12 to 36 months. Patients who achieved LDL-P <1,000 nmol/l were placed into the LDL-P cohort, whereas those without LDL-P tests, but who achieved LDL-C <100 mg/dl, were placed into the LDL-C cohort...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Isam Karam, Ning Ma, Xi-Wang Liu, Xiao-Jun Kong, Xiao-Le Zhao, Ya-Jun Yang, Jian-Yong Li
BACKGROUND: Aspirin and eugenol were esterified to synthesize aspirin eugenol ester (AEE). As a pale yellow and odourless crystal, AEE reduced the gastrointestinal damage of aspirin and vulnerability of eugenol. The study was conducted to evaluate the preventive effects of AEE on blood lipids in rats with high fat diet (HFD). METHODS: Suspensions of AEE and simvastatin were prepared in 5% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium (CMC-Na). In order to observe the intervention effects, the drugs and HFD were administrated at the same time...
November 17, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Vladimir Debelić, Brigita Drnovšek Olup, Bogomir Žižek, Milan Skitek, Aleš Jerin
AIM: To determine whether higher glucose level and systemic oxidative stress decrease mean velocity (MV) index of the central retinal artery (CRA) during flickering light stimulation in type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: The study was performed in the period from 2008 to 2015 at the University Eye Clinic in Ljubljana. 41 patients with T1D and 37 participants without diabetes were included. MV in the CRA was measured using Doppler ultrasound diagnostics in basal conditions and during 8 Hz flickering light irritation...
October 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
Parayil Varghese Christapher, Subramani Parasuraman, Palanimuthu Vasanth Raj, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Murugaiyah Vikneswaran
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antihyperlipidemic, antioxidant, and cytotoxic effect of aqueous and methanol extract of leaves of Polygonum minus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute antihyperlipidemic effect was studied on chemically induced hyperlipidemic rat model. Treated groups received aqueous and methanol extract of leaves of P. minus respectively (1000 mg/kg; oral) whereas standard treated group received atorvastatin (60 mg/kg; oral) for 3 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected at fixed intervals for lipid profile analysis...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Maryam Zaid, Katsuyuki Miura, Akira Fujiyoshi, Robert D Abbott, Takashi Hisamatsu, Aya Kadota, Hisatomi Arima, Sayaka Kadowaki, Sayuki Torii, Naoko Miyagawa, Sentaro Suzuki, Naoyuki Takashima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Akira Sekikawa, Hiroshi Maegawa, Minoru Horie, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima
BACKGROUND: Low-density lipoprotein particle (LDL-P) has recently been found to be a stronger predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C). OBJECTIVES: Whether LDL-P is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, independent of LDL-C, as well as other lipid measures has not been fully examined. We aimed to analyze LDL-P associations with measures of subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: We examined 870 Japanese men randomly selected from Kusatsu City, Shiga, Japan, aged 40-79 years from 2006-2008, free of clinical CVD and not using lipid-lowering medication...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Susan K Raatz, LuAnn K Johnson, Thad A Rosenberger, Matthew J Picklo
The US Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend twice weekly fish intake. Farmed Atlantic salmon is a good source of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids which have positive lipid modifying effects; however, it is unknown whether these responses are dose-dependent. Our primary research objective was to determine the effect of dose-dependent intake of farmed Atlantic salmon on lipoprotein particle (P) size and concentration. We hypothesized that low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-P and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-P size and concentration would increase with salmon intake in a dose-dependent manner...
September 2016: Nutrition Research
S Asker, M Asker, M Ozgokce, B Ozbay
Objective: We hypothesized that the effect of intermittent and continuous hypoxia on carotid and brachial artery intima-media thicknesses (IMTs) may be similar. We aimed to assess the carotid and brachial arteries' IMTs in cases with intermittent [obstructive sleep apnea syndrome] (OSAS) and continuous (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) [COPD] hypoxemia together with other confounding demographic and biochemical factors. Methods: The study was prospectively performed on 197 patients allocated in three groups: 80 patients with severe OSAS, 80 severe COPD patients and 37 healthy controls...
February 12, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Margery A Connelly, Chisato Shimizu, Deborah A Winegar, Irina Shalaurova, Ray Pourfarzib, James D Otvos, John T Kanegaye, Adriana H Tremoulet, Jane C Burns
BACKGROUND: Glycosylation patterns of serum proteins, such as α1-acid glycoprotein, are modified during an acute phase reaction. The response of acute Kawasaki disease (KD) patients to IVIG treatment has been linked to sialic acid levels on native IgG, suggesting that protein glycosylation patterns vary during the immune response in acute KD. Additionally, the distribution and function of lipoprotein particles are altered during inflammation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the potential for GlycA, a marker of protein glycosylation, and the lipoprotein particle profile to distinguish pediatric patients with acute KD from those with other febrile illnesses...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Xiaomin Xing, Yi Han, Xiaojun Zhou, Bo Zhang, Yan Li, Zhongsu Wang, Lin Liao, Lequn Su
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the genetic investigation was to identify the associations of serum lipid levels and DPP-4 variants in Chinese type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: We detected four variants of the DPP4 gene in 190 Chinese individuals with type 2 diabetes and tested for an association with dyslipidemia in 82 selected samples. Data including basic information, HbA1c, FPG, serum lipid parameters were collected. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 13.0 through ANOVA and χ(2) test...
December 2016: Neuropeptides
Michaela-Diana Fitrolaki, Helen Dimitriou, Maria Venihaki, Marianna Katrinaki, Stavroula Ilia, George Briassoulis
Mammalian heat-shock-protein (HSP) 90α rapidly responses to environmental insults. We examined the hypothesis that not only serum HSP72 but also HSP90α is increased in the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), severe-sepsis (SS), and/or sepsis (S) compared to healthy children (H); we assessed HSP90α relation to (a) multiple organ system failure (MOSF) and (b) inflammatory-metabolic response and severity of illness.A total of 65 children with S, SS, or SIRS and 25 H were included. ELISA was used to evaluate extracellular HSP90α and HSP72, chemiluminescence interleukins (ILs), flow-cytometry neutrophil-CD64 (nCD64)-expression...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jacquelyn A Hatch-Stein, Andrea Kelly, Samuel S Gidding, Babette S Zemel, Sheela N Magge
BACKGROUND: The relationship of lipoprotein particle subclasses to visceral adipose tissue area (VAT-area) in obese children has not been examined previously. OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to compare the relationships of VAT-area, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and body mass index (BMI) with lipids and lipoprotein subclasses in obese adolescents and to determine whether these relationships vary by sex. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of obese adolescents (BMI ≥ 95th percentile), aged 12 to 18 years, measured VAT-area by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, BMI, fasting lipids, lipoprotein subclasses, and HOMA-IR...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
C Muñoz-Yáñez, R Pérez-Morales, H Moreno-Macías, E Calleros-Rincón, G Ballesteros, R A González, J Espinosa
Concerning the genetic factors of obesity, no consistent association between populations has been reported, which may be due to the frequency of polymorphisms, the lifestyle of studied populations and its interaction with other factors. We studied a possible association of polymorphisms FTO rs9939609, PPARG rs1801282, and ADIPOQ rs4632532 and rs182052 with obesity phenotypes in 215 Mexican children. Glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL and LDL were measured. In addition, weight, height, waist circumference and triceps skin thickness were recorded...
July 14, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Guohe Song, Chao Xiao, Kai Wang, Yupeng Wang, Jian Chen, Yang Yu, Zhaowen Wang, Guilong Deng, Xing Sun, Lin Zhong, Chongzhi Zhou, Xiaosheng Qi, Shuyun Wang, Zhihai Peng, Xiaoliang Wang
Gene polymorphisms had been found to be associated with increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to assess the association between rs2896019 and rs3810622 in PNPLA3 with the susceptibility to NAFLD in Han Chinese population.A total of 384 NAFLD patients and 384 controls were enrolled in the study. Blood samples collected from each subject were used for biochemical index analysis and DNA extraction. Genotyping analyses of PNPLA3 rs2896019 and rs3810622 were performed by real-time PCR methods...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Saeed Mehrzadi, Bahreh Tavakolifar, Hasan Fallah Huseini, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Mojtaba Heydari
BACKGROUND: Regarding preclinical evidence for antidiabetic effects of Boswellia serrata, we evaluated anti-hyperglycemic and lipid-lowering effects of Boswellia serrate gum resin in type 2 diabetic patients in a double-blind randomized placebo-control trial. METHODS: Fifty-six diabetic patients were randomly allocated to two groups to receive 250 mg of the Boswellia serrate gum resin or placebo twice daily for 8 weeks, in addition to their routine antidiabetic treatments...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Theodoros Karantanos, Styliani Karanika, Gretchen Gignac
Metabolic abnormalities including hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia have been associated with worse prognosis of prostate cancer (PCa), but there are limited data regarding their impact on the prognosis of castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and the response of novel antiandrogens, namely abiraterone acetate (AA) and enzalutamide. Retrospective analysis of 61 patients with CRPC on AA or enzalutamide, treated at the Boston Medical Center, was performed. We evaluated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), HDL, LDL, Triglycerides and BMI within 2months before the initiation of treatment with AA or enzalutamide and progression-free survival (PFS) under this treatment...
September 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
Sanjiv Kumar Bansal, Rakhee Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Hypothyroidism is one of the most common metabolic disorders associated with dyslipidemia which poses a higher risk of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) in such patients. Biochemical markers which can pick up the risk promptly are becoming imperative now-a-days and thus the assessment beyond the conventional lipid profile is the need of the hour. AIMS: To assess the association of non-conventional lipid parameters like small dense Low Density Lipoprotein (sd LDL), oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein (ox LDL), Apolipoprotein A (Apo A1), Apolipoprotein B (Apo B) and Lipoprotein (a) {Lp(a)} in hypothyroid patients and compare their values with the conventional lipid parameters such as Total Cholesterol (TC), Triglyceride (TG), Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) and High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C)...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Teresinha C Mesquita, Thamires G O Martin, Eduardo R Alves, Marcia B C Mello, Andreia F Nery, Luciano T Gomes, Cor Jesus F Fontes
Although serum lipids are known to be altered in Plasmodium falciparum-induced malaria, little is known about such changes due to Plasmodium vivax infection. This cohort study assessed serum concentrations of triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in 164 patients in the acute phase of malaria caused by P. vivax and characterized these changes in the convalescent phase after treatment with chloroquine and primaquine. Compared to reference values, serum total cholesterol, LDL, and HDL levels were lower and triglyceride levels were higher in the acute phase...
November 2016: Acta Tropica
Ghada Al-Kafaji, Ghazi Al-Mahroos, Haifa Abdulla Al-Muhtaresh, Cristina Skrypnyk, Mohamed Abdalla Sabry, Ahmad R Ramadan
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been proposed as promising biomarkers for multiple diseases. miR-126 is reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), diabetic nephropathy (DN) and end stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of circulating miR-126 and to assess its potential as a blood-based biomarker for DN in T2D patients. In 52 patients with T2D without history of DN (with noromoalbuminuria), 50 patients with T2D and DN (29 with microalbuminuria and 21 with macroalbuminuria), and 50 non-diabetic healthy controls, the expression of circulating miR-126 in peripheral whole blood was evaluated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
C Muñoz-Yáñez, R Pérez-Morales, H Moreno-Macías, E Calleros-Rincón, G Ballesteros, R A González, J Espinosa
Concerning the genetic factors of obesity, no consistent association between populations has been reported, which may be due to the frequency of polymorphisms, the lifestyle of studied populations and its interaction with other factors. We studied a possible association of polymorphisms FTO rs9939609, PPARG rs1801282, and ADIPOQ rs4632532 and rs182052 with obesity phenotypes in 215 Mexican children. Glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL and LDL were measured. In addition, weight, height, waist circumference and triceps skin thickness were recorded...
July 14, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Yun-Hua Yue, Xu-Dong Bai, Hui-Jun Zhang, You-Mei Li, Liang Hu, Ling-Yun Liu, Jie-Ping Mao, Xiao-Ying Yang, Na-Mu Dila
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of the present study is to investigate whether the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in lipid metabolism related genes would affect the effectiveness of atorvastatin in both Han and Uighur populations. METHODS: 200 ischemic stroke patients were treated with atorvastatin. The differences of blood lipid level and their ratios were measured. Six lipid related genes, HMGCR, APOA5, LPL, CETP, LDLR and PCSK9 were selected as candidate genes...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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