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Osteoblasts allograft

Mathieu Maisani, Daniele Pezzoli, Olivier Chassande, Diego Mantovani
Tissue engineering is a promising alternative to autografts or allografts for the regeneration of large bone defects. Cell-free biomaterials with different degrees of sophistication can be used for several therapeutic indications, to stimulate bone repair by the host tissue. However, when osteoprogenitors are not available in the damaged tissue, exogenous cells with an osteoblast differentiation potential must be provided. These cells should have the capacity to colonize the defect and to participate in the building of new bone tissue...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Kasım Kilicarslan, Nadir Yalcin, Vedat Bicici, Elif Ozdemir, Izzet Bingol, Seyda Turkolmez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the viability and integrity of fresh frozen bulk femoral head allografts obtained from the institutional bone bank that were used to reconstruct severe acetabular defects and to validate the SPECT/CT method which gives both anatomical and functional data for this purpose. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 9 patients (6 female, 3 male; mean age 63.6 years). Preoperative and postoperative leg lengths, existence of the Trendelenburg sign, range of motion of the hip, visual analogue score (VAS), Harris Hip Score (HHS) and any complication were assesed at each follow-up...
June 2, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Gabriela Fernandes, Shuying Yang
Presently, there is a high paucity of bone grafts in the United States and worldwide. Regenerating bone is of prime concern due to the current demand of bone grafts and the increasing number of diseases causing bone loss. Autogenous bone is the present gold standard of bone regeneration. However, disadvantages like donor site morbidity and its decreased availability limit its use. Even allografts and synthetic grafting materials have their own limitations. As certain specific stem cells can be directed to differentiate into an osteoblastic lineage in the presence of growth factors (GFs), it makes stem cells the ideal agents for bone regeneration...
2016: Bone Research
Xiao-Yi Zhou, Xi-Ming Xu, Sui-Yi Wu, Fei Wang, Yi-Lin Yang, Ming Li, Xian-Zhao Wei
Few studies have investigated the role calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays in the process of spinal fusion. The aim of the present study is to observe the temporal and spatial changes of CGRP induced by experimental fusion surgery in rats and elucidate the role of CGRP in spinal fusion. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the study and the specimens were collected on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th day, respectively. Then, histological and immunohistochemical analysis were applied to evaluate the fusion mass and spatiotemporal changes of CGRP chronologically...
2016: BioMed Research International
Fateme Shamekhi Amiri, Mohammad Reza Khatami
Fibroblast growth factor 23 is likely to be the most important regulator of phosphate homeostasis, which mediates its functions through fibroblast growth factor receptors and the coreceptor Klotho. In addition to reducing expression of the sodium-phosphate cotransporters NPT2a and NPT2c in the proximal tubules, fibroblast growth factor 23 inhibits renal 1α-hydroxylase and stimulates 24-hydroxylase and appears to reduce parathyroid hormone secretion in short-term studies. Fibroblast growth factor 23 synthesis and secretion by osteocytes and osteoblasts are upregulated through 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and through an increased dietary phosphate intake...
December 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Jehan J El-Jawhari, Elena Jones, Peter V Giannoudis
Key events occurring during the bone healing include well-orchestrated and complex interactions between immune cells, multipotential stromal cells (MSCs), osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Through three overlapping phases of this physiological process, innate and adaptive immune cells, cytokines and chemokines have a significant role to play. The aim of the escalating immune response is to achieve an osseous healing in the shortest time and with the least complications facilitating the restoration of function. The uninterrupted progression of these biological events in conjunction with a favourable mechanical environment (stable fracture fixation) remains the hallmark of successful fracture healing...
November 2016: Injury
Blair T Stocks, Analise B Thomas, Sydney K Elizer, Yuantee Zhu, Andrew F Marshall, Christopher S Wilson, Daniel J Moore
Overcoming the immune response to establish durable immune tolerance in type 1 diabetes remains a substantial challenge. The ongoing effector immune response involves numerous immune cell types but is ultimately orchestrated and sustained by the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niche. We therefore hypothesized that tolerance induction also requires these pluripotent precursors. In this study, we determined that the tolerance-inducing agent anti-CD45RB induces HSC mobilization in nonautoimmune B6 mice but not in diabetes-prone NOD mice...
January 2017: Diabetes
Surena Vahabi, Maryam Torshabi, Azadeh Esmaeil Nejad
Predictable regeneration of alveolar bone defects has always been a challenge in implant dentistry. Bone allografts are widely used bone substitutes with controversial osteoinductive activity. This in vitro study aimed to assess the osteogenic potential of some commercially available freeze-dried bone allografts supplemented with human recombinant platelet-derived growth factor-BB and transforming growth factor beta-1. Cell viability, mineralization, and osteogenic gene expression of MG-63 osteoblast-like cells were compared among the allograft alone, allograft/platelet-derived growth factor-BB, allograft/transforming growth factor beta-1, and allograft/platelet-derived growth factor-BB/transforming growth factor beta-1 groups...
December 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Benoit Schaller, Yufeng Zhang, Umadevi Kandalam, Maria Hernandez, Richard J Miron
OBJECTIVES: Recently, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 9 (rhBMP9) has been characterized as one of the most osteogenic growth factors among the 15 human BMPs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of rhBMP9 in comparison to the clinically utilized rhBMP2 on in vitro cell behavior when combined with two bone graft materials including demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBAs) and biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The absorption and release kinetics of rhBMPs from DFDBA and BCP were investigated by ELISA...
October 22, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Saeed Reza Motamedian, Fahimeh Sadat Tabatabaei, Fahimeh Akhlaghi, Maryam Torshabi, Parisan Gholamin, Arash Khojasteh
Different degrees of clinical success have been reported for synthetic, allograft, and xenograft bone substitutes in human trials. Although these substitutes have been clinically investigated, their in vitro effects on cell differentiation remain unclear. Proliferation, differentiation, and attachment of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) to β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA), and deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) were compared in this study. MTT assay, measurement of total DNA, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction were performed...
August 24, 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Alberto Monje, Francisco O'Valle, Florencio Monje-Gil, Inmaculada Ortega-Oller, Francisco Mesa, Hom-Lay Wang, Pablo Galindo-Moreno
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare solvent dehydrated human allograft (SDHA; Puros Allograft) and freeze-dried human allograft (FDHA; MinerOss) in order to determine if the allogeneic bone preservation process influences the amount of remaining particles and newly formed bone in maxillary sinus augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects requiring maxillary lateral sinus augmentation with ridge height < 5 mm were included in this study. Maxillary sinuses were randomly assigned to be grafted with a 1:1 ratio of cortical and cancellous bone, either SDHA or FDHA...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Huibo Li, Shui Sun, Haili Liu, Hua Chen, Xin Rong, Jigang Lou, Yunbei Yang, Yi Yang, Hao Liu
Articular cartilage defects are a major clinical burden worldwide. Current methods to repair bone defects include bone autografts, allografts and external fixation. In recent years, the repair of bone defects by tissue engineering has emerged as a promising approach. The present study aimed to assess a novel method using a biological reactor with platelet-rich plasma to construct tissue-engineered bone. Beagle bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were isolated and differentiated into osteoblasts and chondroblasts using platelet-rich plasma and tricalcium phosphate scaffolds cultured in a bioreactor for 3 weeks...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Giacomo Tommasi, Stefano Perni, Polina Prokopovich
Currently, the technique which provides the best chances for a successful bone graft, is the use of bone tissue from the same patient receiving it (autograft); the main limitations are the limited availability and the risks involved in removing living bone tissue, for example, explant site pain and morbidity. Allografts and xenografts may overcome these limitations; however, they increase the risk of rejection. For all these reasons the development of an artificial bone graft material is particularly important and hydrogels are a promising alternative for bone regeneration...
June 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Samuel Porfirio Xavier, Thiago de Santana Santos, Felipe Perraro Sehn, Erick Ricardo Silva, João de Andrade Garcez-Filho, Paulo Ricardo Saquete Martins-Filho
We evaluated histologically and tomographically the effects of fresh frozen bone allograft (FFB) or bovine bone mineral (BBM) in maxillary sinus floor augmentations. In total, 30 maxillary sinuses from 30 patients (mean age = 51.17 ± 10.86 years) underwent sinus augmentation. Patients were divided in two test groups (15 sinuses each). The first group was grafted with allograft bone, and the second group received bovine bone mineral. After 6 months, bone samples from each group were collected for histological examination...
June 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Eva Johanna Kubosch, Anke Bernstein, Laura Wolf, Tobias Fretwurst, Katja Nelson, Hagen Schmal
BACKGROUND: Our study aim was to compare allogeneic cancellous bone (ACB) and synthetic or highly-processed xenogeneic bone substitutes (SBS) in the treatment of skeletal defects in orthopedic surgery. METHODS: 232 patients treated for bony lesions with ACB (n = 116) or SBS (n = 116) within a 10-year time period were included in this case-control study. Furthermore, both materials were seeded with human osteoblasts (hOB, n = 10) and analyzed by histology, for viability (AlamarBlue®) and protein expression activity (Luminex®)...
February 13, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Ximing Xu, Fei Wang, Yahong Yang, Xiaoyi Zhou, Yajun Cheng, Xianzhao Wei, Ming Li
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been found to accelerate spinal fusion. Type H microvessels are found in close relation with bone development. We analyzed the role of type H vessels in rat spinal fusion model intervened by LIPUS. It was found LIPUS could significantly accelerate bone fusion rate and enlarge bone callus. Osteoblasts were specifically located on the bone meshwork of the allograft, and were surrounded by type H microvessels. LIPUS could significantly increase the quantity of osteoblasts during spine fusion, which process was coupled with elevated angiogenesis of type H microvessels...
February 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
Richard J Miron, Qiao Zhang, Anton Sculean, Daniel Buser, Benjamin E Pippenger, Michel Dard, Yoshinori Shirakata, Fatiha Chandad, Yufeng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) aims to predictably restore missing bone that has been lost due to trauma, periodontal disease or a variety of systemic conditions. Critical to this procedure is the ability of a bone grafting material to predictably serve as a 3-dimensional scaffold capable of inducing cell and bone tissue in-growth at the material surface. Although all bone grafts are osteoconductive to bone-forming osteoblasts, only a small number of commercially available bone grafts with FDA approval are osteoinductive including demineralized freeze-dried bone allographs (DFDBA) and scaffolds containing bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs)...
November 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Arash Khojasteh, Saeed Reza Motamedian, Maryam Rezai Rad, Mehrnoosh Hasan Shahriari, Nasser Nadjmi
AIM: To evaluate adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) on four commercially available scaffold biomaterials. METHODS: hDPSCs were isolated from human dental pulp tissues of extracted wisdom teeth and established in stem cell growth medium. hDPSCs at passage 3-5 were seeded on four commercially available scaffold biomaterials, SureOss (Allograft), Cerabone (Xenograft), PLLA (Synthetic), and OSTEON II Collagen (Composite), for 7 and 14 d in osteogenic medium...
November 26, 2015: World Journal of Stem Cells
Richard J Miron, Anton Sculean, Yang Shuang, Dieter D Bosshardt, Reinhard Gruber, Daniel Buser, Fatiha Chandad, Yufeng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Since the original description of osteoinduction in the early 20th century, the study and development of innovative biomaterials has emerged. Recently, novel synthetic bone grafts have been reported with potential to form ectopic bone in vivo. However, their full characterization in comparison with other leading bone grafts has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to determine the osteoinductive potential of bone grafts by comparing autogenous bone grafts, demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBA), a commonly utilized natural bone mineral (NBM) from bovine origin (Bio-Oss), and a newly developed biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP)...
June 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Victor Barro, Roberto Velez, Daniel Pacha, Jordi Giralt, Isabel Roca, Marius Aguirre
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant tumour of bone. The oncologic surgery of a proximal femur osteosarcoma affecting the hip joint can be very challenging. We present an 8-year-old boy with a 5-month history of right hip pain. Radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a lytic lesion of the proximal femur extending 13 cm to the diaphysis. Histological evaluation was consistent with high-grade osteoblastic osteosarcoma. After completing chemotherapy we performed an extra-articular resection of the hip...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
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