Read by QxMD icon Read

Osteoblasts cell matrix

Delfo D'Alessandro, Giuseppe Perale, Mario Milazzo, Stefania Moscato, Cesare Stefanini, Gianni Pertici, Serena Danti
The ideal scaffold for bone regeneration is required to be highly porous, non-immunogenic, biostable until the new tissue formation, bioresorbable and osteoconductive. This study aimed at investigating the process of new bone formation in patients treated with granular SmartBone(®) for sinus augmentation, providing an extensive histologic analysis. Five biopsies were collected at 4-9 months post SmartBone(®) implantation and processed for histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. Histomorphometric analysis was performed...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Xuan Zhou, Wei Zhu, Margaret Nowicki, Shida Miao, Haitao Cui, Benjamin Holmes, Robert I Glazer, Lijie Grace Zhang
Metastasis is one of the deadliest consequences of breast cancer, with bone being one of the primary sites of occurrence. Insufficient 3D biomimetic models currently exist to replicate this process in vitro. In this study, we developed a biomimetic bone matrix using 3D bioprinting technology to investigate the interaction between breast cancer (BrCa) cells and bone stromal cells (fetal osteoblasts and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)). A tabletop stereolithography 3D bioprinter was employed to fabricate a series of bone matrices consisting of osteoblasts/MSCs encapsulated in gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) hydrogel with nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (nHA)...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ana Marina Ferreira, Piergiorgio Gentile, Sotiria Toumpaniari, Gianluca Ciardelli, Mark A Birch
Bone cell interaction with extracellular matrix (ECM) microenvironment is of critical importance when engineering surface interfaces for bone regeneration. In this work layer-by-layer films of type I collagen (coll), the major constituent of bone ECM, and heparin (hep), a glycosaminoglycan, were assembled on poly(L-lactide acid) (PLLA) substrates to evaluate the impact of the biomacromolecular coating on cell activity. The surface modification of PLLA demonstrated that the hep/coll multi-layer is stable after 10 bilayers (confirmed by contact angle, infrared spectroscopy and morphological analysis)...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kai Hu, Bjorn R Olsen
Vascular Endothelial Growth factor A (VEGF) is a critical regulator of vascular development, postnatal angiogenesis and homeostasis, and it is essential for bone development and repair. Blood vessels serve both as structural templates for bone formation and they provide essential cells, growth factors and minerals needed for synthesis and mineralization, as well as turnover, of the extracellular matrix in bone. Through its regulation of angiogenesis, VEGF contributes to coupling of osteogenesis to angiogenesis, and it directly controls the differentiation and function of osteoblasts and osteoclasts...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
Caroline Reynaud, Laura Ferreras, Paola Di Mauro, Casina Kan, Martine Croset, Edith Bonnelye, Floriane Pez, Clémence Thomas, Géraldine Aimont, Antoine E Karnoub, Marie Brevet, Philippe Clezardin
Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is a secreted copper-dependent amine oxidase whose primary function is to drive collagen crosslinking and extracellular matrix stiffness. LOX in colorectal cancer (CRC) synergizes with hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1alpha to promote tumor progression. Here we investigated whether LOX/HIF1 endows CRC cells with full competence for aggressive colonization in bone. We show that a high LOX expression in primary tumors from CRC patients was associated with poor clinical outcome, irrespective of HIF-1...
October 14, 2016: Cancer Research
Harumi Kawaki, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa
The quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction or real-time PCR has become a routine technique for the detection and comparison of amounts of specific mRNA transcripts, done by measuring amplified levels of specific cDNAs. In this chapter, we provide our real-time RT-PCR experimental procedure using SYBR Green I for the quantitative analysis of CCN family gene expression. Especially, we describe the extraction and purification steps for RNA derived from mesenchymal cells, such as chondrocytes and osteoblasts that produce a large amount of extracellular matrix in detail...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Monique Ae Schoeman, Angela E Oostlander, Karien E de Rooij, Edward R Valstar, Rob Ghh Nelissen
During the process of aseptic loosening of prostheses, particulate wear debris induces a continuous inflammatory-like response resulting in the formation of a layer of fibrous peri-prosthetic tissue at the bone-prosthesis interface. The current treatment for loosening is revision surgery which is associated with a high morbidity rate, especially in old patients. Therefore, less invasive alternatives are necessary. One approach could be to re-establish osseointegration of the prosthesis by inducing osteoblast differentiation in the peri-prosthetic tissue...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Mehmet Isyar, Seyit Ali Gumustas, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Duygu Yasar Sirin, Hacı Bayram Tosun, Mahir Mahirogullari
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test the necessity of using expensive and unaccesible pharmacological-chemical agents in the proliferation of bone tissue cultures and in the induction of mineralized matrix formation to increase the osteogenic effect. METHODS: For this purpose, human primary cell cultures were prepared and then divided into two groups. Whereas the cells in group I were fed with an osteoblast stimulator medium containing Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) and β-glycerophosphate, the cells in group II were fed with DMEM containing dexamethasone and 2-phospho-L-ascorbic acid trisodium salt...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Pablo H Cutini, María B Rauschemberger, Marisa J Sandoval, Virginia L Massheimer
In this work we investigate whether, despite the procalcific action of alendronate on bone, the drug would be able to regulate in vitro the main cellular events that take part in atherosclerotic lesion generation. Using endothelial cell cultures we showed that Alendronate (1-50μM) acutely enhances nitric oxide production (10-30min). This stimulatory action of the bisphosphonate involves the participation of MAPK signaling transduction pathway. Under inflammatory stress, the drug reduces monocytes and platelets interactions with endothelial cells induced by lipopolysaccharide...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Zhaojun Jia, Peng Xiu, Pan Xiong, Wenhao Zhou, Yan Cheng, Shicheng Wei, Yufeng Zheng, Tingfei Xi, Hong Cai, Zhongjun Liu, Cai-Mei Wang, Wei-Ping Zhang, Zhi-Jiang Li
Restoring large-scale bone defects, where osteogenesis is slow while infections lurk, with biomaterials represents a formidable challenge in orthopedic clinics. Here, we propose a scaffold-based multipurpose anti-infection and bone repairing strategy to meet such restorative needs. To do this, personalized multifunctional titanium meshes were produced through an advanced additive manufacturing process and dual "TiO2‒poly(dopamine)/Ag (nano)" post modifications, yielding macroporous constructs with micro/nanoporous walls and nanosilver bullets immobilized/embedded therein...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Michael Pujari-Palmer, Shiuli Pujari-Palmer, Xi Lu, Thomas Lind, Håkan Melhus, Thomas Engstrand, Marjam Karlsson-Ott, Hakan Engqvist
Pyrophosphate is a potent mitogen, capable of stimulating proliferation in multiple cell types, and a critical participant in bone mineralization. Pyrophosphate can also affect the resorption rate and bioactivity of orthopedic ceramics. The present study investigated whether calcium pyrophosphate affected proliferation, differentiation and gene expression in early (MC3T3 pre-osteoblast) and late stage (SAOS-2 osteosarcoma) osteoblasts. Pyrophosphate stimulated peak alkaline phosphatase activity by 50% and 150% at 100μM and 0...
2016: PloS One
Yoshikazu Hayashi, Tomoyo Kawakubo-Yasukochi, Akiko Mizokami, Hiroshi Takeuchi, Seiji Nakamura, Masato Hirata
Serum levels of osteocalcin (OC), a bone matrix non-collagenous protein secreted by osteoblasts, are correlated with pathological bone remodeling such as the bone metastasis of cancer, as well as physiological bone turnover. The pathological roles in prostate cancer growth of the two existing types of serum OC, γ-carboxylated (GlaOC) and lower- (or un-) carboxylated (GluOC), have not yet been discriminatively examined. In the present study, we demonstrate that normal prostate epithelial cell growth was promoted by both types of OC, while growth of cancer cells in the prostate was accelerated by GlaOC but suppressed by GluOC...
2016: Journal of Cancer
Jiajia Shi, Jie Sun, Wen Zhang, Hui Liang, Qin Shi, Xiaoran Li, Yanyan Chen, Yan Zhuang, Jianwu Dai
The reconstruction of bone usually depends on substitute transplantation, which has drawbacks including the limited bone substitutes available, comorbidity, immune rejection, and limited endogenous bone regeneration. Here, we constructed a functionalized bone substitute by combining application of the demineralized bone matrix (DBM) and collagen-binding stromal-cell-derived factor-1α (CBD-SDF-1α). DBM was a poriferous and biodegradable bone substitute, derived from bovine bone and consisting mainly of collagen...
October 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Arkady Rutkovskiy, Kåre-Olav Stensløkken, Ingvar Jarle Vaage
Ossification is a tightly regulated process, performed by specialized cells called osteoblasts. Dysregulation of this process may cause inadequate or excessive mineralization of bones or ectopic calcification, all of which have grave consequences for human health. Understanding osteoblast biology may help to treat diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta, calcific heart valve disease, osteoporosis, and many others. Osteoblasts are bone-building cells of mesenchymal origin; they differentiate from mesenchymal progenitors, either directly or via an osteochondroprogenitor...
September 26, 2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Mian Wang, Pelagie Favi, Xiaoqian Cheng, Negar H Golshan, Katherine S Ziemer, Michael Keidar, Thomas J Webster
: Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a new fabrication method for tissue engineering which can precisely control scaffold architecture at the micron-scale. However, scaffolds not only need 3D biocompatible structures that mimic the micron structure of natural tissues, they also require mimicking of the nano-scale extracellular matrix properties of the tissue they intend to replace. In order to achieve this, the objective of the present in vitro study was to use cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) as a quick and inexpensive way to modify the nano-scale roughness and chemical composition of a 3D printed scaffold surface...
September 22, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Qian Wang, Wei Yu, Tao Huang, Yan Zhu, Changshan Huang
Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) was first identified as a transcription factor to play an important role in different biological processes of osteoblast and chondrocyte, including differentiation and migration. Recently, RUNX2 has been implicated in promigratory/proinvasive behavior in different human malignancies. In the present study, we demonstrated that the RUNX2 mRNA and protein expression were both increased significantly in HCC tissues and cell lines. High RUNX2 expression was correlated obviously with poor clinicopathological characteristics including multiple tumor nodes, high histological grading, venous infiltration and advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage...
September 19, 2016: Oncology Reports
Ugo Ripamonti, Raquel Duarte, Ruqayya Parak, Caroline Dickens, Therese Dix-Peek, Roland M Klar
The soluble osteogenic molecular signals of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) supergene family are the molecular bases of the induction of bone formation and postnatal bone tissue morphogenesis with translation into clinical contexts. The mammalian TGF-β3 isoform, a pleiotropic member of the family, controls a vast array of biological processes including the induction of bone formation. Recombinant hTGF-β3 induces substantial bone formation when implanted with either collagenous bone matrices or coral-derived macroporous bioreactors in the rectus abdominis muscle of the non-human primate Papio ursinus...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Karan M Shah, Matt M Stern, Amber R Stern, Janak L Pathak, Nathalie Bravenboer, Astrid D Bakker
The aim of this paper is to present several popular methods for in vitro culture of osteocytes and osteocyte cell lines. Osteocytes are located extremely suitably within the calcified bone matrix to sense mechanical signals, and are equipped with a multitude of molecular features that allow mechanosensing. However, osteocytes are more than specialized mechanosensing cells. Several signaling molecules are preferentially produced by osteocytes, and osteocytes hold a tight reign over osteoblast and osteoclast formation and activity, but also have a role as endocrine cell, communicating with muscles or organs as remote as the kidneys...
2016: BoneKEy Reports
Noriko Goto, Katsumi Fujimoto, Sakiko Fujii, Hiroko Ida-Yonemochi, Hayato Ohshima, Takeshi Kawamoto, Mitsuhide Noshiro, Chisa Shukunami, Katsuyuki Kozai, Yukio Kato
Msh homeobox 1 (MSX1) encodes a transcription factor implicated in embryonic development of limbs and craniofacial tissues including bone and teeth. Although MSX1 regulates osteoblast differentiation in the cranial bone of young animal, little is known about the contribution of MSX1 to the osteogenic potential of human cells. In the present study, we investigate the role of MSX1 in osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells isolated from deciduous teeth. When these cells were exposed to osteogenesis-induction medium, runt-related transcription factor-2 (RUNX2), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2), alkaline phosphatase (ALPL), and osteocalcin (OCN) mRNA levels, as well as alkaline phosphatase activity, increased on days 4-12, and thereafter the matrix was calcified on day 14...
2016: Stem Cells International
Katsuhiro Hiranuma, Atsushi Yamada, Tamaki Kurosawa, Ryo Aizawa, Dai Suzuki, Yoshiro Saito, Ryo Nagahama, Mikiko Ikehata, Masayuki Tsukasaki, Naoko Morimura, Daichi Chikazu, Koutaro Maki, Tatsuo Shirota, Masamichi Takami, Matsuo Yamamoto, Takehiko Iijima, Ryutaro Kamijo
The extracellular matrix protein nephronectin (Npnt), also called POEM, is considered to play critical roles as an adhesion molecule in development and functions of various tissues, such as the kidneys, liver, and bone. In the present study, we examined the molecular mechanism of Npnt gene expression and found that vitamin D3 (1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3,VD 3) strongly enhanced Npnt mRNA expression in MC3T3-E1 cells from a mouse osteoblastic cell line. The VD 3-induced increase in Npnt expression is both time- and dose-dependent and is mediated by the vitamin D receptor (VDR)...
September 2016: FEBS Open Bio
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"