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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331299/the-regulatory-roles-of-notch-in-osteocyte-differentiation-via-the-crosstalk-with-canonical-wnt-pathways-during-the-transition-of-osteoblasts-to-osteocytes
#1
Jin Shao, Yinghong Zhou, Yin Xiao
Osteocytes comprise more than 90% of the cells in bone and are differentiated from osteoblasts via an unknown mechanism. Recently, it was shown that Notch signaling plays an important role in osteocyte functions. To gain insights into the mechanisms underlying the functions of Notch in regulating the transition of osteoblasts to osteocytes, we performed a luciferase assay by cloning the proximal E11 and dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (DMP1) promotor regions into pGluc-Basic 2 vectors, which were subsequently transfected into the IDG-SW3 (osteocytes), MC3T3 (osteoblasts) and 293T (non-osteoblastic cells) cell lines...
January 10, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329077/nano-hydroxyapatite-blasted-titanium-surface-creates-a-biointerface-able-to-govern-src-dependent-osteoblast-metabolism-as-prerequisite-to-ecm-remodeling
#2
Célio J C Fernandes, Fábio Bezerra, Marcel R Ferreira, Amanda F C Andrade, Thais Silva Pinto, Willian F Zambuzzi
Over the last several years, we have focused on the importance of intracellular signaling pathways in dynamically governing the biointerface between pre-osteoblast and surface of biomaterial. Thus, this study investigates the molecular hallmarks involved in the pre-osteoblast relationship with different topography considering Machined (Mc), Dual Acid-Etching (DAE), and nano hydroxyapatite-blasted (nHA) groups. There was substantial differences in topography of titanium surface, considering Atomic Force Microscopy and water contact angle (Mc = 81...
December 28, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328483/mir%C3%A2-98%C3%A2-5p-promotes-osteoblast-differentiation-in-mc3t3%C3%A2-e1-cells-by-targeting-ckip%C3%A2-1
#3
Qiliang Liu, Yong Guo, Yang Wang, Xianqiong Zou, Zhixiong Yan
Casein kinase 2-interacting protein 1 (CKIP-1) is a negative regulator for bone formation. Previously, using bioinformatics analysis, CKIP‑1 has been predicted to serve the role of target gene of miR‑98‑5p. In the present study, the potential role of miR‑98‑5p in regulating osteoblast differentiation through CKIP‑1 was investigated. Following pre‑treatment with microRNA (miR)‑98‑5p agomir or miR‑98‑5p antagomir, MC3T3‑E1 cells were cultured in an osteoinductive medium. Subsequently, the expression of miR‑98‑5p, CKIP‑1 and levels of osteoblast differentiation markers, including alkaline phosphatase, matrix mineralization, osteocaicin, collagen type I, runt‑related transcription factor 2 and osteopontin were assayed...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318958/a-cell-engineered-small-intestinal-submucosa-based-bone-mimetic-construct-for-bone-regeneration
#4
Mei Li, Chi Zhang, Yuxing Mao, Yi Zhong, Jiyuan Zhao
Extracellular matrix (ECM)-ornamented biomaterials have attracted attention due to their high potential to improve the bio-functionality of original materials. It is thought that ECM with a bone mimetic microenvironment generated by the specific induction of osteoblasts would be more beneficial for bone regeneration than regular ECM. In this study, we developed an osteogenic and mineralized ECM construct (Os/M-ECM-SIS) under the guidance of osteoblasts on a small intestinal submucosa (SIS) scaffold co-treated with icariin and calcium...
January 10, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316238/composite-porous-scaffold-of-polyethylene-glycol-peg-polylactic-acid-pla-support-improved-bone-matrix-deposition-in-vitro-compared-to-pla-only-scaffolds
#5
Birru Bhaskar, Robert Owen, Hossein Bahmaee, Zena Wally, Parcha Sreenivasa Rao, Gwendolen C Reilly
Controllable pore size and architecture are essential properties for tissue-engineering scaffolds to support cell ingrowth colonization. To investigate the effect of PEG addition on porosity and bone-cell behavior, porous Polylactic acid (PLA)-Polyethylene glycol (PEG) scaffolds were developed with varied weight ratios of PLA-PEG (100/0, 90/10, 75/25) using solvent casting and porogen leaching. Sugar 200-300 µm in size was used as a porogen. To assess their suitability for bone tissue engineering, MLO-A5 murine osteoblast cells were cultured and cell metabolic activity, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and bone-matrix production determined (alizarin red S staining for calcium, direct red 80 staining for collagen)...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316231/osteogenic-cellular-activity-around-onlaid-octacalcium-phosphate-gelatin-composite-onto-rat-calvaria
#6
Ryosuke Iwama, Takahisa Anada, Yukari Shiwaku, Kaori Tsuchiya, Tetsu Takahashi, Osamu Suzuki
The activity and the distribution of osteogenic cells around octacalcium phosphate (OCP) granules combined with gelatin matrix (OCP/Gel) onlaid on rat calvaria were analyzed histomorphometrically and immunohistochemically during vertical bone augmentation under mechanical or non-mechanical environment until 8 weeks. OCP/Gel disk was placed in subperiosteal pocket on the calvaria with or without polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) support. The latter is a non-mechanical stress model to alleviate the mechanical stress from the subcutaneous tissues...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315214/chitosan-cellulose-multifunctional-hydrogel-beads-design-characterization-and-evaluation-of-cytocompatibility-with-breast-adenocarcinoma-and-osteoblast-cells
#7
Poonam Trivedi, Tiina Saloranta-Simell, Uroš Maver, Lidija Gradišnik, Neeraj Prabhakar, Jan-Henrik Smått, Tamilselvan Mohan, Martin Gericke, Thomas Heinze, Pedro Fardim
Cytocompatible polysaccharide-based functional scaffolds are potential extracellular matrix candidates for soft and hard tissue engineering. This paper describes a facile approach to design cytocompatible, non-toxic, and multifunctional chitosan-cellulose based hydrogel beads utilising polysaccharide dissolution in sodium hydroxide-urea-water solvent system and coagulation under three different acidic conditions, namely 2 M acetic acid, 2 M hydrochloric acid, and 2 M sulfuric acid. The effect of coagulating medium on the final chemical composition of the hydrogel beads is investigated by spectroscopic techniques (ATR-FTIR, Raman, NMR), and elemental analysis...
January 9, 2018: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314250/inhibition-of-camkk2-enhances-fracture-healing-by-stimulating-indian-hedgehog-signaling-and-accelerating-endochondral-ossification
#8
Justin N Williams, Anuradha Valiya Kambrath, Roshni B Patel, Kyung Shin Kang, Elsa Mével, Yong Li, Ying-Hua Cheng, Austin J Pucylowski, Mariah A Hassert, Michael J Voor, Melissa A Kacena, William R Thompson, Stuart J Warden, David B Burr, Matthew R Allen, Alexander G Robling, Uma Sankar
Approximately ten percent of all bone fractures do not heal, resulting in patient morbidity and healthcare costs. However, no pharmacological treatments are currently available to promote efficient bone healing. Inhibition of Ca2+ /calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) reverses age-associated loss of trabecular and cortical bone volume and strength in mice. In the current study, we investigated the role of CaMKK2 in bone fracture healing and show that its pharmacological inhibition using STO-609 accelerates early cellular and molecular events associated with endochondral ossification, resulting in a more rapid and efficient healing of the fracture...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314205/cdc42-is-essential-for-both-articular-cartilage-degeneration-and-subchondral-bone-deterioration-in-experimental-osteoarthritis
#9
Xinhua Hu, Xing Ji, Mengting Yang, Shihao Fan, Jirong Wang, Meiping Lu, Wei Shi, Liu Mei, Chengyun Xu, Xueying Fan, Musaddique Hussain, Jingyu Du, Junsong Wu, Ximei Wu
Cdc42, a member of Rho family small GTPases, is critical for cartilage development. We investigated the roles of Cdc42 in osteoarthritis and explored the potential mechanism underlying Cdc42-mediated articular cartilage degeneration and subchondral bone deterioration. Cdc42 is highly expressed in both articular cartilage and subchondral bone in a mouse osteoarthritis model with surgical destabilisation of the medial meniscus (DMM) in the knee joints. Specifically, genetic disruption of Cdc42, knockdown of Cdc42 expression, or inhibition of Cdc42 activity robustly attenuates the DMM-induced destruction, hypertrophy, high expression of matrix metallopeptidase-13 and collagen X, and activation of Stat3 in articular cartilages...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304315/osteocytogenesis-roles-of-physicochemical-factors-collagen-cleavage-and-exogenous-molecules
#10
Xuening Chen, Lichen Wang, Kaitao Zhao, Hongjun Wang
Osteocytes, the most abundant cell type in mammalian bone, are generally considered as the terminally differentiated cells of osteoblasts that are progressively self-buried or passively embedded in bone matrix. Emerging evidence reveals the essential functions of osteocytes in bone homeostasis and mechanotransduction. However, our knowledge on osteocytes, especially their formation, remains scarce. In this regard, the current review mainly focuses on several key factors that drive the osteocytic differentiation of osteoblasts, that is, osteocytogenesis...
January 5, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304115/effects-of-a-self-assembling-peptide-as-a-scaffold-on-bone-formation-in-a-defect
#11
Kei Ando, Shiro Imagama, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Satoshi Tanaka, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Koji Nishida, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
Spinal fusion and bone defect after injuries, removal of bone tumors, and infections need to be repaired by implantation. In an aging society, recovery from these procedures is often difficult. In this study, we found that injection of SPG-178 leads to expression of several bone marker genes and mineralization in vitro, and revealed a significantly higher degree of newly formed bone matrix with use of SPG-178 in vivo. MC3T3-E1 cells were used to evaluate osteoblast differentiation promoted by SPG-178. To analyze gene expression, total RNA was isolated from MC3T3-E1 cells cultured for 7 and 14 days with control medium or SPG-178 medium...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301038/gaucher-disease-ipsc-derived-osteoblasts-have-developmental-and-lysosomal-defects-that-impair-bone-matrix-deposition
#12
Leelamma M Panicker, Manasa P Srikanth, Thiago Castro-Gomes, Diana Miller, Norma W Andrews, Ricardo A Feldman
Gaucher disease (GD) is caused by bi-allelic mutations in GBA1, the gene that encodes acid β-glucocerebrosidase (GCase). Individuals affected by GD have hematologic, visceral and bone abnormalities, and in severe cases there is also neurodegeneration. To shed light on the mechanisms by which mutant GBA1 causes bone disease, we examined the ability of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) derived from patients with types 1, 2 and 3 GD, to differentiate to osteoblasts and carry out bone deposition. Differentiation of GD iPSC to osteoblasts revealed that these cells had developmental defects and lysosomal abnormalities that interfered with bone matrix deposition...
January 2, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297551/bioactive-glass-particles-in-two-dimensional-and-three-dimensional-osteogenic-cell-cultures
#13
Luciana B Alves, Sérgio L S de Souza, Mario Taba, Arthur B Novaes, Paulo T de Oliveira, Daniela B Palioto
This study aimed to investigate the influence of a three-dimensional cell culture model and bioactive glass (BG) particles on the expression of osteoblastic phenotypes in rat calvaria osteogenic cells culture. Cells were seeded on two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) collagen with BG particles for up to 14 days. Cell viability and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was performed. Cell morphology and immunolabeling of noncollagenous bone matrix proteins were assessed by epifluorescence and confocal microscopy...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295862/perturbed-bone-composition-and-integrity-with-disorganized-osteoblast-function-in-zinc-receptor-gpr39-deficient-mice
#14
Milena Jovanovic, Felix N Schmidt, Gali Guterman-Ram, Hanifeh Khayyeri, Sahar Hiram-Bab, Ayelet Orenbuch, Svetlana Katchkovsky, Anastasia Aflalo, Hanna Isaksson, Björn Busse, Katharina Jähn, Noam Levaot
Changes in bone matrix composition are frequently found with bone diseases and may be associated with increased fracture risk. Bone is rich in the trace element zinc. Zinc was established to play a significant role in the growth, development, and maintenance of healthy bones; however, the mechanisms underlying zinc effects on the integrity of the skeleton are poorly understood. Here, we show that the zinc receptor (ZnR)/Gpr39 is required for normal bone matrix deposition by osteoblasts. Initial analysis showed that Gpr39-deficient (Gpr39-/- ) mice had weaker bones as a result of altered bone composition...
January 2, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287979/an-evaluation-of-the-biocompatibility-and-osseointegration-of-novel-glass-fiber-reinforced-composite-implants-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#15
Ya-Hui Chan, Wei-Zhen Lew, Emily Lu, Thomas Loretz, Luke Lu, Che-Tong Lin, Sheng-Wei Feng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro biocompatibility and in vivo osseointegration of three novel bioactive glass fiber reinforced composite (GFRC) implants and to compare these with metal (Ti6Al4V) implants. METHODS: The surfaces of these experimental substrates were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), a 2D profilometer and by contact angle measurement. In vitro biological performance was assessed using MG-63 human osteoblast-like cell morphology, cell proliferation assays and the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity testing...
December 26, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285162/enhancing-effects-of-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-and-fibronectin-on-osteoblast-adhesion-to-bone-scaffolds-for-bone-tissue-engineering-through-extracellular-matrix-integrin-pathway
#16
Li Feng, Yehong Li, Wenchao Zeng, Bo Xia, Dongsheng Zhou, Jing Zhou
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and fibronectin (FN) on adhesion of osteoblasts seeded into bio-derived bone scaffolds. Rat calvarial osteoblasts were separated and their osteogenic phenotypes were determined by staining for alkaline phosphatase as well as alizarin red staining. The bio-derived bone scaffolds were prepared from the metaphysis of porcine femur and their physicochemical properties were assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284363/preparation-mechanical-properties-and-in-vitro-cytocompatibility-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-poly-etheretherketone-nanocomposites
#17
Jianfei Cao, Yue Lu, Hechun Chen, Lifang Zhang, Chengdong Xiong
Desired bone repair material must have excellent biocompatibility and high bioactivity. Moreover, mechanical properties of biomaterial should be equivalent to those of human bones. For developing an alternative biocomposite for load-bearing orthopedic application, combination of bioactive fillers with polymer matrix is a feasible approach. In this study, a series of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/poly(etheretherketone) (PEEK) bioactive nanocomposites were prepared by a novel coprecipitation-compounding and injection-molding process...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280310/osteogenic-stimulation-of-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-using-a-fungal-metabolite-that-suppresses-the-polycomb-group-protein-ezh2
#18
Rebekah M Samsonraj, Amel Dudakovic, Bushra Manzar, Buer Sen, Allan B Dietz, Simon M Cool, Janet Rubin, Andre J van Wijnen
Strategies for musculoskeletal tissue regeneration apply adult mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) that can be sourced from bone marrow- and lipo-aspirates. Adipose tissue-derived MSCs are more easily harvested in the large quantities required for skeletal tissue-engineering approaches, but are generally considered to be less osteogenic than bone marrow MSCs. Therefore, we tested a new molecular strategy to improve their osteogenic lineage-differentiation potential using the fungal metabolite cytochalasin D (CytoD)...
December 27, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280261/deproteinized-bovine-bone-matrix-induces-osteoblast-differentiation-via-macrophage-polarization
#19
Miusi Shi, Can Wang, Yulan Wang, Cuizhu Tang, Richard J Miron, Yufeng Zhang
Bone grafts are widely used in bone regeneration to increase the speed and quality of new bone formation. While they are routinely characterized based on their biocompatible and bioactive properties, they also exert a profound impact on host immune responses, which in turn can display a significant effect on the healing and repair process. In this study, we investigated the role of macrophage behavior on deproteinized bovine bone matrix (DBBM, BioOss) to investigate their impact on creating either a pro- or anti-inflammatory micro-environment for tissue integration...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275854/edta-treatment-for-sodium-hypochlorite-treated-dentin-recovers-disturbed-attachment-and-induces-differentiation-of-mouse-dental-papilla-cells
#20
Kentaro Hashimoto, Nobuyuki Kawashima, Shizuko Ichinose, Keisuke Nara, Sonoko Noda, Takashi Okiji
INTRODUCTION: The disturbance of cellular attachment to dentin by sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) may hamper pulp tissue regeneration. The aims of this study were to examine the recovering effect of EDTA on the attachment/differentiation of stemlike cells and to address the mechanisms of EDTA-induced recovery under the hypothesis that attachment to the exposed dentin matrix and the subsequent activation of integrin/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling play a crucial role. METHODS: Mouse dental papilla (MDP) cells were cultured on bovine dentin disks treated with NaOCl (0%, 1...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
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