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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682014/neurosurgical-interventions-for-occipital-encephalocele
#1
Lal Rehman, Ghulam Farooq, Irum Bukhari
Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to find the outcome of repair and resection of the occipital encephalocele. Study Design: Case series. Materials and Methods: The clinical data of fifty consecutive occipital encephalocele patients were retrieved from medical records including operative notes, postoperative follow-up visits, and postsurgical complications were noted for analysis from November 2009 to November 2013 at the Department of Neurosurgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681956/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedure-8-year-experience-of-one-medical-centre
#2
Bogumiła Strumiłło, Andrzej Jóźwiak, Anna Pałka, Krzysztof Szaflik, Anna Piaseczna-Piotrowska
Introduction: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare anomaly. The mechanisms and the time at which the abnormality develops are still unclear. The malformation is characterized by the presence of single large or multiple but smaller cysts. Aim: To present the experience of our medical centre, the Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital - Research Institute. Material and methods: We analysed the medical records of 32 neonates hospitalized in 2008-2017 at the Department of Paediatric Surgery and Urology ICZMP due to pre- or postnatally diagnosed congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation...
March 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678964/technology-enabled-examinations-of-cardiac-rhythm-optic-nerve-oral-health-tympanic-membrane-gait-and-coordination-evaluated-jointly-with-routine-health-screenings-an-observational-study-at-the-2015-kumbh-mela-in-india
#3
Pratik Shah, Gregory Yauney, Otkrist Gupta, Vincent Patalano Ii, Mrinal Mohit, Rikin Merchant, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: Technology-enabled non-invasive diagnostic screening (TES) using smartphones and other point-of-care medical devices was evaluated in conjunction with conventional routine health screenings for the primary care screening of patients. DESIGN: Dental conditions, cardiac ECG arrhythmias, tympanic membrane disorders, blood oxygenation levels, optic nerve disorders and neurological fitness were evaluated using FDA-approved advanced smartphone powered technologies...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678596/evaluation-of-acute-skin-toxicity-of-breast-radiotherapy-using-thermography-results-of-a-prospective-single-centre-trial
#4
O Maillot, N Leduc, V Atallah, P Escarmant, A Petit, S Belhomme, P Sargos, V Vinh-Hung
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy is a common adjuvant treatment of breast cancer. Acute radiation-induced dermatitis is a frequent side effect. We hypothesized whether it is possible to capture the increase of local temperature as a surrogate of the inflammatory state induced by radiotherapy. We designed a prospective, observational, single-centre study to acquire data on temperature rise in the treated breast during the course of radiotherapy, establish a possible association with the occurrence of dermatitis and investigate the predictive value of temperature increase in future occurrences of radiation-induced dermatitis...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675083/neuroimaging-in-menkes-disease
#5
Molla I Ahmed, Nahin Hussain
Menkes disease (MD) is a rare infantile onset neurodegenerative disorder due to mutations in the X linked ATP7A gene. These patients can present with failure to thrive, severe psychomotor retardation, seizures and hypopigmented hair, which is characteristic of this condition. A number of neuro-radiological findings have been reported in this condition. We report the spectrum of neuro-radiological findings in three affected boys being treated at our centre. We suggest that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and, in particular magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) when taken in the context of the clinical presentation may be helpful in making an early diagnosis of this devastating condition...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673811/endovascular-aortic-repair-follow-up-protocol-based-on-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-is-safe-and-effective
#6
Emiliano Chisci, Linda Harris, Azzurra Guidotti, Angelica Pecchioli, Clara Pigozzi, Enrico Barbanti, Leonardo Ercolini, Stefano Michelagnoli
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define the safety and effectiveness of a contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) based follow up for endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) surveillance at a mid-term period (4 years). METHODS: At the tertiary referral centre EVAR surveillance was based on plain abdominal radiograph and duplex ultrasound (CDU), with computed tomography angiography (CTA) reserved for any non-diagnostic imaging during the period 1999-2011 (Group A)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672466/a-comparative-study-of-quantitative-assessment-with-fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-and-endoscopic-ultrasound-in-oesophageal-cancer
#7
Aditya Borakati, Abdul Razack, Chris Cawthorne, Rajarshi Roy, Sharjeel Usmani, Najeeb Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the correlation between PET/CT and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) parameters in patients with oesophageal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who had complete PET/CT and EUS staging performed for oesophageal cancer at our centre between 2010 and 2016 were included. Images were retrieved and analysed for a range of parameters including tumour length, volume and position relative to the aortic arch. RESULTS: Seventy patients were included in the main analysis...
April 18, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669371/need-for-quantitative-measurement-methods-for-posterior-uveitis-comparison-of-dual-fa-icga-angiography-edi-oct-choroidal-thickness-and-sun-vitreous-haze-evaluation-in-stromal-choroiditis
#8
Filippo Fabro, Carl P Herbort
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Quantitative methods for posterior uveitis are necessary for precise appraisal and follow-up of inflammation in practice and in clinical trials. The aim of this study was to assess fluorescein angiography (FA), indocanine green angiography (ICGA), and enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography choroidal thickness (EDI-OCT CT) in two stromal choroiditis entities, birdshot retinochoroiditis (BRC), and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH), as well as to determine (1) disease patterns, (2) respective response to therapy, and (3) their potential utility in clinical trials in comparison to vitreous haze, the present standard outcome used in clinical trials...
April 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666701/beyond-weight-loss-establishing-a-postbariatric-surgery-patient-support-group-what-do-patients-want
#9
Saira Hameed, Victoria Salem, Tricia M Tan, Alma Collins, Krishna Shah, Samantha Scholtz, Ahmed R Ahmed, Harvinder Chahal
Purpose: There are limited resources for long-term specialist follow-up after bariatric surgery. In selected centres, patients can access a postoperative support group, but there is no clear evidence to guide their delivery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of bariatric surgery patients ( n  = 152) who had been discharged from specialist follow-up (mean time since surgery 5.5 years), covering weight history, physical and psychosocial comorbidities, and the need for a postoperative bariatric support group...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663330/multicentre-phase-ii-trial-of-near-infrared-imaging-in-elective-colorectal-surgery
#10
F Ris, E Liot, N C Buchs, R Kraus, G Ismael, V Belfontali, J Douissard, C Cunningham, I Lindsey, R Guy, O Jones, B George, P Morel, N J Mortensen, R Hompes, R A Cahill
BACKGROUND: Decreasing anastomotic leak rates remain a major goal in colorectal surgery. Assessing intraoperative perfusion by indocyanine green (ICG) with near-infrared (NIR) visualization may assist in selection of intestinal transection level and subsequent anastomotic vascular sufficiency. This study examined the use of NIR-ICG imaging in colorectal surgery. METHODS: This was a prospective phase II study (NCT02459405) of non-selected patients undergoing any elective colorectal operation with anastomosis over a 3-year interval in three tertiary hospitals...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662560/impact-of-68-ga-dota-peptide-pet-ct-on-the-management-of-gastrointestinal-neuroendocrine-tumour-gi-net-malaysian-national-referral-centre-experience
#11
Teik Hin Tan, Ching Yeen Boey, Boon Nang Lee
Purpose: The National Cancer Institute is the only referral centre in Malaysia that provides 68 Ga-DOTA-peptide imaging. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of 68 Ga-DOTA-peptide PET/CT on the management of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumours (GI-NET). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed to review the impact of 68 Ga-DOTA-peptide (68 Ga-DOTATATE or 68 Ga-DOTATOC) PET/CT on patients with biopsy-proven GI-NET between January 2011 and December 2015...
April 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659784/left-atrial-geometry-and-outcome-of-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-results-from-the-multicentre-lago-af-study
#12
Felipe Bisbal, Francisco Alarcón, Angel Ferrero-de-Loma-Osorio, Juan Jose González-Ferrer, Concepción Alonso, Marta Pachón, Helena Tizón, Pilar Cabanas-Grandío, Manuel Sanchez, Eva Benito, Albert Teis, Ricardo Ruiz-Granell, Julián Pérez-Villacastín, Xavier Viñolas, Miguel Angel Arias, Ermengol Vallés, Enrique García-Campo, Ignacio Fernández-Lozano, Roger Villuendas, Lluís Mont
Aims: Left atrial (LA) remodelling is a key determinant of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation outcome. Optimal methods to assess this process are scarce. LA sphericity is a shape-based parameter shown to be independently associated to procedural success. In a multicentre study, we aimed to test the feasibility of assessing LA sphericity and evaluate its capability to predict procedural outcomes. Methods and results: This study included consecutive patients undergoing first AF ablation during 2013...
April 12, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656303/spondylodiscitis-following-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-imaging-perspectives-from-a-single-centre-s-experience
#13
Ramin Mandegaran, Christopher S W Tang, Erlick A C Pereira, Ali Zavareh
OBJECTIVE: Very few reports have previously described spondylodiscitis as a potential complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). We present to our knowledge the first case series of spondylodiscitis following EVAR based on our institution's experience over an 11-year period. Particular attention is paid to the key imaging features and challenges encountered when performing spinal imaging in this complex patient group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1,847 patients who underwent EVAR at our institution between January 2006 and January 2017, a total of 9 patients were identified with imaging features of spondylodiscitis (0...
April 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653242/effect-of-combined-flexion-and-external-rotation-on-measurements-of-the-proximal-femur-from-anteroposterior-pelvic-radiographs
#14
J O'Connor, M Rutherford, J Hill, D Beverland, N Dunne, A Lennon
INTRODUCTION: Fixed flexion and external rotation contractures are common in patients with hip osteoarthritis and in particular before total hip replacement (THR). We aimed to answer the following question: how does combined flexion and external rotation of the femur influence the radiographic assessment of 1) femoral offset (FO) 2) neck-shaft angle (NSA) and 3) distance (parallel to the femoral axis) from greater trochanter to femoral head centre (GT-FHC)? HYPOTHESIS: Combined flexion and external rotation impact the accuracy of two-dimensional (2D) proximal femur measurements...
April 10, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652779/is-the-current-management-of-patients-presenting-with-spinal-trauma-to-district-general-hospitals-fit-for-purpose-our-experience-of-delivering-a-spinal-service-using-an-electronic-referral-platform-in-a-large-district-general-teaching-hospital-without-onsite
#15
Daniel S Hill, Hans Marynissen
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the provision of a spinal service using an electronic platform to direct management from an external spinal unit, and quantify time taken to obtain definitive management plans whilst under prescribed spinal immobilization. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Most attending district general hospitals following spinal trauma will have stable injuries and normal neurology, with only a small proportion requiring urgent transfer to a specialist centre...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651771/remote-brain-microhaemorrhages-may-predict-haematoma-in-glioma-patients-treated-with-radiation-therapy
#16
Augustin Lecler, Frédérique Charbonneau, Dimitri Psimaras, Marie-Astrid Metten, Antoine Gueguen, Khe Hoang Xuan, Loic Feuvret, Julien Savatovsky
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of cerebral remote microhaemorrhages (RMH) and remote haematomas (RH) using magnetic resonance susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) among patients treated for gliomas during follow-up. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective single centre longitudinal study on 58 consecutive patients treated for gliomas from January 2009 through December 2010. Our institutional review board approved this study. We evaluated the presence and number of RMH and RH found outside the brain tumour on follow-up MR imaging...
April 12, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651607/detecting-inflammation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-how-does-ultrasound-compare-to-magnetic-resonance-enterography-using-standardised-scoring-systems
#17
Joy L Barber, Alexsandra Zambrano-Perez, Øystein E Olsen, Fevronia Kiparissi, Mila Baycheva, Daniela Knaflez, Neil Shah, Tom A Watson
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is the current gold standard for imaging in inflammatory bowel disease, but ultrasound (US) is a potential alternative. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether US is as good as MRE for the detecting inflamed bowel, using a combined consensus score as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in children and adolescents <18 years with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at a tertiary and quaternary centre...
April 13, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651604/patterns-and-frequency-of-renal-abnormalities-in-fanconi-anaemia-implications-for-long-term-management
#18
Vijaya Sathyanarayana, Beth Lee, Neville B Wright, Rui Santos, Denise Bonney, Robert Wynn, Leena Patel, Kate Chandler, Ed Cheesman, Detlev Schindler, Nicholas J A Webb, Stefan Meyer
BACKGROUND: Fanconi anaemia (FA) is an inherited disease with bone marrow failure, variable congenital and developmental abnormalities, and cancer predisposition. With improved survival, non-haematological manifestations of FA become increasingly important for long-term management. While renal abnormalities are recognized, detailed data on patterns and frequency and implications for long-term management are sparse. METHODS: We reviewed clinical course and imaging findings of FA patients with respect to renal complications in our centre over a 25-year period to formulate some practical suggestions for guidelines for management of renal problems associated with FA...
April 12, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651545/extracardiac-18-f-florbetapir-imaging-in-patients-with-systemic-amyloidosis-more-than-hearts-and-minds
#19
T Wagner, J Page, M Burniston, A Skillen, J C Ross, R Manwani, D McCool, P N Hawkins, Ashutosh D Wechalekar
PURPOSE: 18 F-Florbetapir has been reported to show cardiac uptake in patients with systemic light-chain amyloidosis (AL). This study systematically assessed uptake of 18 F-florbetapir in patients with proven systemic amyloidosis at sites outside the heart. METHODS: Seventeen patients with proven cardiac amyloidosis underwent 18 F-florbetapir PET/CT imaging, 15 with AL and 2 with transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR). Three patients had repeat scans. All patients had protocolized assessment at the UK National Amyloidosis Centre including imaging with 123 I-serum amyloid P component (SAP)...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629868/computed-tomography-identified-factors-that-preclude-living-kidney-donation
#20
Katerina Mastrocostas, Christina M Chingkoe, Kenneth T Pace, Joseph J Barfett, Anish Kirpalani, Gevork N Mnatzakanian, Paraskevi A Vlachou, Errol Colak
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the variety and prevalence of renal and non-renal abnormalities detected on multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) that precluded patients from donating a kidney. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained and the requirement for informed consent was waived. A retrospective, single-centre review of 701 patients (444 female, 257 male; age range 18-86 years; mean age 43.2±11.9 years) that underwent renal donor protocol MDCT was conducted...
April 6, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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