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Stuttering in adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421786/speaker-and-observer-perceptions-of-physical-tension-during-stuttering
#1
Seth Tichenor, Paula Leslie, Susan Shaiman, J Scott Yaruss
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathologists routinely assess physical tension during evaluation of those who stutter. If speakers experience tension that is not visible to clinicians, then judgments of severity may be inaccurate. This study addressed this potential discrepancy by comparing judgments of tension by people who stutter and expert clinicians to determine if clinicians could accurately identify the speakers' experience of physical tension. METHOD: Ten adults who stutter were audio-video recorded in two speaking samples...
February 8, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421268/high-prevalence-of-pineal-cysts-in-adults-who-stutter
#2
Richard M Arenas, Jody M Shoemaker, John Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394325/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-over-left-inferior-frontal-cortex-improves-speech-fluency-in-adults-who-stutter
#3
Jennifer Chesters, Riikka Möttönen, Kate E Watkins
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental condition affecting 5% of children, and persisting in 1% of adults. Promoting lasting fluency improvement in adults who stutter is a particular challenge. Novel interventions to improve outcomes are of value, therefore. Previous work in patients with acquired motor and language disorders reported enhanced benefits of behavioural therapies when paired with transcranial direct current stimulation. Here, we report the results of the first trial investigating whether transcranial direct current stimulation can improve speech fluency in adults who stutter...
January 31, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378280/speech-disfluency-dependent-amygdala-activity-in-adults-who-stutter-neuroimaging-of-interpersonal-communication-in-mri-scanner-environment
#4
Akira Toyomura, Tetsunoshin Fujii, Koichi Yokosawa, Shinya Kuriki
Affective states, such as anticipatory anxiety, critically influence speech communication behavior in adults who stutter. However, there is currently little evidence regarding the involvement of the limbic system in speech disfluency during interpersonal communication. We designed this neuroimaging study and experimental procedure to sample neural activity during interpersonal communication between human participants, and to investigate the relationship between the amygdala activity and speech disfluency. Participants were required to engage in live communication with a stranger of the opposite sex in the MRI scanner environment...
January 25, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299745/an-evaluation-of-g-protein-coupled-membrane-estrogen-receptor-1-level-in-stuttering
#5
Nagihan Bilal, Ergül Belge Kurutas, Israfil Orhan
OBJECTIVE: Stuttering is a widespread but little understood disease. There has been a recent increase in neuropathophysiological, genetic, and biochemical studies related to the etiopathogenesis. As developmental stuttering continues in adult males, hormonal factors are thought to have an effect. In this study, an evaluation was made for the first time of serum GPER-1 level in patients with a stutter. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 30 patients with a stutter, aged < 18 years, and 35 age-matched children as the control group...
January 3, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280401/spectral-coefficient-analyses-of-word-initial-stop-consonant-productions-suggest-similar-anticipatory-coarticulation-for-stuttering-and-nonstuttering-adults
#6
Santosh Maruthy, Yongqiang Feng, Ludo Max
A longstanding hypothesis about the sensorimotor mechanisms underlying stuttering suggests that stuttered speech dysfluencies result from a lack of coarticulation. Formant-based measures of either the stuttered or fluent speech of children and adults who stutter have generally failed to obtain compelling evidence in support of the hypothesis that these individuals differ in the timing or degree of coarticulation. Here, we used a sensitive acoustic technique-spectral coefficient analyses-that allowed us to compare stuttering and nonstuttering speakers with regard to vowel-dependent anticipatory influences as early as the onset burst of a preceding voiceless stop consonant...
March 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228195/structural-connectivity-of-right-frontal-hyperactive-areas-scales-with-stuttering-severity
#7
Nicole E Neef, Alfred Anwander, Christoph Bütfering, Carsten Schmidt-Samoa, Angela D Friederici, Walter Paulus, Martin Sommer
A neuronal sign of persistent developmental stuttering is the magnified coactivation of right frontal brain regions during speech production. Whether and how stuttering severity relates to the connection strength of these hyperactive right frontal areas to other brain areas is an open question. Scrutinizing such brain-behaviour and structure-function relationships aims at disentangling suspected underlying neuronal mechanisms of stuttering. Here, we acquired diffusion-weighted and functional images from 31 adults who stutter and 34 matched control participants...
December 8, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223687/effect-of-control-samples-and-listener-attributes-on-speech-naturalness-ratings-of-people-who-stutter
#8
Brenda Carey, Shane Erickson, Susan Block
PURPOSE: Speech restructuring treatment can effectively reduce stuttering but the resultant speech may sound unnatural. Martin et al. (1984) speech naturalness scale is widely used by clinicians and researchers, yet little is known about whether including normally fluent speech samples alters the judgement of the naturalness of speech samples of people who stutter, and whether attributes of listeners - specifically training and sex - influence ratings. METHODS: In this study 20 untrained listeners (male and female) and 19 speech language pathology students (female only) rated either the naturalness of 21 speech samples from adults who stutter obtained post-treatment, or the same 21 post-treatment samples randomly mixed with samples of 21 samples from normally fluent speakers matched for age and sex...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195626/effects-of-emotion-on-the-acoustic-parameters-in-adults-who-stutter-an-exploratory-study
#9
Kim R Bauerly, Jessica Paxton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195625/the-experience-of-stuttering-among-ultra-orthodox-and-secular-traditional-jews
#10
Debora Freud, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Nitza Katz-Bernstein, Leah Fostick
PURPOSE: This groundbreaking research compares the experience of stuttering among adult male People Who Stutter (PWS) from the ultra-Orthodox (UO) Jewish community in Israel to those from Secular/Traditional (ST) backgrounds. METHODS: Participants were 32 UO and 31 ST PWS, aged 18-67 years. Self-report questionnaires utilized: Perceived Stuttering Severity (PSS); Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering (OASES-A); Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS); Situation Avoidance Behavior Checklist (SABC)...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195624/self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-who-stutter
#11
Alice Carter, Lauren Breen, J Scott Yaruss, Janet Beilby
PURPOSE: Self-efficacy has emerged as a potential predictor of quality of life for adults who stutter. Research has focused primarily on the positive relationship self-efficacy has to treatment outcomes, but little is known about the relationship between self-efficacy and quality of life for adults who stutter. The purpose of this mixed- methods study is to determine the predictive value of self-efficacy and its relationship to quality of life for adults who stutter. METHOD: The Self-Efficacy Scale for Adult Stutterers and the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience with Stuttering were administered to 39 adults who stutter, aged 18- 77...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195623/clinical-utility-of-self-disclosure-for-adults-who-stutter-apologetic-versus-informative-statements
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Courtney T Byrd, Robyn Croft, Zoi Gkalitsiou, Elizabeth Hampton
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the clinical utility of self-disclosure, particularly, whether disclosing in an informative manner would result in more positive observer ratings of the speaker who stutters than either disclosing in an apologetic manner or choosing not to self-disclose at all. METHOD: Observers (N=338) were randomly assigned to view one of six possible videos (i.e., adult male informative self-disclosure, adult male apologetic self-disclosure, adult male no self-disclosure, adult female informative self-disclosure, adult female apologetic self-disclosure, adult female no self-disclosure)...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186179/nonword-repetition-in-adults-who-stutter-the-effects-of-stimuli-stress-and-auditory-orthographic-cues
#13
Geoffrey A Coalson, Courtney T Byrd
PURPOSE: Adults who stutter (AWS) are less accurate in their immediate repetition of novel phonological sequences compared to adults who do not stutter (AWNS). The present study examined whether manipulation of the following two aspects of traditional nonword repetition tasks unmask distinct weaknesses in phonological working memory in AWS: (1) presentation of stimuli with less-frequent stress patterns, and (2) removal of auditory-orthographic cues immediately prior to response. METHOD: Fifty-two participants (26 AWS, 26 AWNS) produced 12 bisyllabic nonwords in the presence of corresponding auditory-orthographic cues (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169049/stuttering-adults-lack-of-pre-speech-auditory-modulation-normalizes-when-speaking-with-delayed-auditory-feedback
#14
Ayoub Daliri, Ludo Max
Auditory modulation during speech movement planning is limited in adults who stutter (AWS), but the functional relevance of the phenomenon itself remains unknown. We investigated for AWS and adults who do not stutter (AWNS) (a) a potential relationship between pre-speech auditory modulation and auditory feedback contributions to speech motor learning and (b) the effect on pre-speech auditory modulation of real-time versus delayed auditory feedback. Experiment I used a sensorimotor adaptation paradigm to estimate auditory-motor speech learning...
November 13, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160112/the-human-right-to-communicate-and-our-need-to-listen-learning-from-people-with-a-history-of-childhood-communication-disorder
#15
Jane McCormack, Elise Baker, Kathryn Crowe
PURPOSE: In 2013, the Australian Government Senate formed a committee for inquiry and report into the prevalence of speech, language, and communication disorders and speech pathology services in Australia. Submissions were sought from individuals and organisations. In this paper, submissions made by individuals with a history of childhood communication disorder were examined to explore their life experiences and the impact on their lives when the right to communicate could not be enacted...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157667/a-case-of-multiple-system-atrophy-parkinsonian-type-with-stuttering-and-palilalia-like-dysfluencies-and-putaminal-atrophy
#16
Yoshikazu Kikuchi, Toshiro Umezaki, Taira Uehara, Hiroo Yamaguchi, Koji Yamashita, Akio Hiwatashi, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Kazuo Adachi, Yumi Yamaguchi, Daisuke Murakami, Jun-Ichi Kira, Takashi Nakagawa
Both developmental and acquired stuttering are related to the function of the basal ganglia-thalamocortical loop, which includes the putamen. Here, we present a case of stuttering- and palilalia-like dysfluencies that manifested as an early symptom of multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian type (MSA-P) and bilateral atrophy of the putamen. The patient was a 72-year-old man with no history of developmental stuttering who presented with a stutter for consultation with our otorhinolaryngology department. The patient was diagnosed with MSA-P based on parkinsonism, autonomic dysfunction, and bilateral putaminal atrophy revealed by T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129311/speech-disfluencies-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#17
Kurt Eggers, Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh
PURPOSE: Speech and language development in individuals with Down syndrome is often delayed and/or disordered and speech disfluencies appear to be more common. These disfluencies have been labeled over time as stuttering, cluttering or both. FINDINGS: were usually generated from studies with adults or a mixed age group, quite often using different methodologies, making it difficult to compare findings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze and describe the speech disfluencies of a group, only consisting of children with Down Syndrome between 3 and 13 years of age...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111141/self-stigma-and-its-associations-with-stress-physical-health-and-health-care-satisfaction-in-adults-who-stutter
#18
Michael P Boyle, Alison N Fearon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify potential relationships between self-stigma (stigma awareness and stigma application) and stress, physical health, and health care satisfaction among a large sample of adults who stutter. It was hypothesized that both stigma awareness and stigma application would be inversely related to measures of physical health and health care satisfaction, and positively related to stress. Furthermore, it was anticipated that stress mediated the relationship between self-stigma and physical health...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089147/mood-state-sub-types-in-adults-who-stutter-a-prospective-study
#19
Yvonne Tran, Elaine Blumgart, Ashley Craig
PURPOSE: Many adults who stutter have elevated negative mood states like anxiety and depressive mood. Little is known about how mood states change over time. The purpose of this study was to determine the trajectories or sub-types of mood states in adults who stutter over a 6 month period, and establish factors that contribute to these sub-types. METHOD: Participants included 129 adults who stutter who completed an assessment regimen at baseline, including a measure of mood states (Symptom Checklist-90-Revised)...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064318/comparing-the-performance-of-people-who-stutter-and-people-who-do-not-stutter-on-the-test-of-everyday-attention
#20
Silviya Doneva, Steve Davis, Penny Cavenagh
INTRODUCTION: Compelling findings into the relationship between stuttering and attentional ability have started to emerge, with some child and adult studies indicating poorer attentional ability among people who stutter (PWS). The purpose of the present research was to provide a more complete picture of the attentional abilities of PWS, as well as to gather insights into their individual attentional performance. METHOD: We compared the attentional ability of PWS to that of people who do not stutter (PWNS) by using the Test of Everyday Attention (TEA)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
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