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Influenza in pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437536/influenza-vaccination-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Alberto Donzelli, Alessandro Schivalocchi, Alessandro Battaggia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437533/influenza-vaccination-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Brian S Hooker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437530/influenza-vaccination-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-reply
#3
Ousseny Zerbo, Nicola P Klein, Lisa A Croen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433705/maternal-immunisation-collaborating-with-mother-nature
#4
REVIEW
Arnaud Marchant, Manish Sadarangani, Mathieu Garand, Nicolas Dauby, Valerie Verhasselt, Lenore Pereira, Gordean Bjornson, Christine E Jones, Scott A Halperin, Kathryn M Edwards, Paul Heath, Peter J Openshaw, David W Scheifele, Tobias R Kollmann
Maternal immunisation has the potential to substantially reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases after birth. The success of tetanus, influenza, and pertussis immunisation during pregnancy has led to consideration of additional maternal immunisation strategies to prevent group B streptococcus and respiratory syncytial virus infections, among others. However, many gaps in knowledge regarding the immunobiology of maternal immunisation prevent the optimal design and application of this successful public health intervention...
April 19, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433704/pertussis-and-influenza-immunisation-during-pregnancy-a-landscape-review
#5
REVIEW
Bahaa Abu Raya, Kathryn M Edwards, David W Scheifele, Scott A Halperin
Immunisation during pregnancy is a relatively new strategy, and is currently limited to tetanus, pertussis, and influenza vaccines. None of these vaccines were developed specifically for use in pregnancy, but they provide an effective method of protecting mothers and young infants. In response to increases in pertussis morbidity and mortality among young infants, several countries have recommended universal tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis immunisation during pregnancy. Similarly, many countries recommend influenza immunisation during pregnancy to reduce the risk of disease for mother and infant...
April 19, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418800/predictors-of-breastfeeding-initiation-and-maintenance-in-an-integrated-healthcare-setting
#6
Michelle L Henninger, Stephanie A Irving, Tia L Kauffman, Samantha K Kurosky, Kathryn Rompala, Mark G Thompson, Leslie Z Sokolow, Lyndsay Ammon Avalos, Sarah W Ball, Pat Shifflett, Allison L Naleway
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding to age 6 months. Although breastfeeding rates in the United States have been increasing over time, further improvements are needed to meet Healthy People 2020 targets. Research aim: This study examined predictors of breastfeeding initiation and maintenance among a population of insured pregnant women. METHODS: Participants were 1,149 pregnant women enrolled in the Pregnancy and Influenza Project in two Kaiser Permanente regions in 2010-2011...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404574/parasitic-infections-in-pregnancy-decrease-placental-transfer-of-anti-pneumococcal-antibodies
#7
Noah D McKittrick, David M Vu, Indu Malhotra, Charles H King, Francis Mutuku, A Desiree LaBeaud
Many factors can influence maternal placental antibody transfer to the fetus, which confers important immune protection to the newborn infant. However, little is known about the effect of maternal parasitic infection on placental antibody transfer. To investigate this, we selected, from a parent study of 576 pregnant Kenyan women, four groups of women with term deliveries (≥37 weeks), including uninfected women (N=30) and women with solo infections of malaria (N=30), hookworm (N=30), or schistosomiasis (N=10)...
April 12, 2017: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398678/maternal-immunization
#8
Helen Y Chu, Janet A Englund
Pregnant women, neonates, and infants are at higher risk for severe infections due to vaccine-preventable diseases. Very young infants rarely respond well to vaccination due to poor immunogenicity and interference from maternal antibody. Maternal immunization protects the mother and fetus from disease and protects the infant through transplacental antibody transfer through the first 6 months of life. Currently, immunizations routinely recommended during pregnancy include inactivated influenza, tetanus toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccines...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369198/contribution-of-serology-assays-in-the-evaluation-of-influenza-virus-infection-rates-and-vaccine-efficacy-in-pregnant-women-report-from-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Shabir A Madhi, Marta Nunes, Adriana Weinberg, Locadiah Kuwanda, Andrea Hugo, Stephanie Jones, Nadia van Niekerk, Justin R Ortiz, Kathleen M Neuzil, Keith P Klugman, Eric A F Simoes, Clare L Cutland
Background: The utility of serological testing to evaluate vaccine efficacy of seasonal inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) is controversial. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of IIV against serologically-diagnosed influenza infection (SDI), and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction confirmed influenza illness (PCR-CI) in women vaccinated during pregnancy. Methods: We undertook a post-hoc analysis of two randomized clinical trials evaluating IIV efficacy among HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected pregnant women...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352303/paediatric-virology-a-rapidly-increasing-educational-challenge
#10
Ioannis N Mammas, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Prakash Thiagarajan, Sharryn Gardner, Georgia Papaioannou, Angeliki Melidou, Maria Koutsaki, Georgia Kostagianni, Vassilis Achtsidis, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Marcos Calachanis, Apostolos Zaravinos, Anne Greenough, Demetrios A Spandidos
The '2nd Workshop on Paediatric Virology', which took place on Saturday the 8th of October 2016 in Athens, Greece, provided an overview on recent views and advances on Paediatric Virology. Emphasis was given to HIV-1 management in Greece, a country under continuous financial crisis, hepatitis B vaccination in Africa, treatment options for hepatitis C virus in childhood, Zika virus in pregnancy and infancy, the burden of influenza on childhood, hand-foot-mouth disease and myocarditis associated with Coxsackie viruses...
February 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348786/haemophilus-influenzae-type-a-as-a-cause-of-paediatric-septic-arthritis
#11
Joelle Thorgrimson, Marina Ulanova
INTRODUCTION: Incidence rates of invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype b disease have decreased significantly since the introduction of the Hib vaccine; however, the rates in indigenous populations remain disproportionately high, specifically in the paediatric population. Additionally, with the decline of type b invasive infections, there has been a rebound in the incidence of invasive infections caused by other strains of H. influenzae, particularly serotype a. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a paediatric case of septic arthritis caused by H...
October 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343772/report-of-the-who-technical-consultation-on-the-effect-of-maternal-influenza-and-influenza-vaccination-on-the-developing-fetus-montreal-canada-september-30-october-1-2015
#12
Deshayne B Fell, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Ruth A Karron, Marian Knight, Michael S Kramer, Arnold S Monto, Geeta K Swamy, Justin R Ortiz, David A Savitz
In 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) released a position paper on influenza vaccination recommending that pregnant women have the highest priority for seasonal vaccination in countries where the initiation or expansion of influenza immunization programs is under consideration. Although the primary goal of the WHO recommendation is to prevent influenza illness in pregnant women, the potential benefits of maternal immunization in protecting young infants are also recognized. The extent to which maternal influenza vaccination may prevent adverse birth outcomes such as preterm birth or small-for-gestational-age birth, however, is unclear as available studies are in disagreement...
March 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341114/measuring-maternal-tdap-and-influenza-vaccination-rates-comparison-of-two-population-based-methods
#13
Ruth Koepke, Stephanie L Schauer, Jeffrey P Davis
Pregnant women are routinely recommended to receive Tdap and influenza vaccines to prevent disease and complications among mothers and newborns. Monitoring population trends in maternal vaccination is important in order to evaluate the implementation of these recommendations and to identify pockets of need. We present two methods for measuring maternal vaccination among a state population and discuss the strengths and drawbacks of each method. First, we matched maternal information from records of Wisconsin births during 2013-2015 with maternal vaccination records in the Wisconsin Immunization Registry...
March 21, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327032/newborns-not-at-raised-risk-if-flu-drugs-taken-in-pregnancy
#14
(no author information available yet)
There is no evidence to suggest an increased risk to newborns whose mothers take drugs to prevent or treat influenza during pregnancy, research suggests.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279344/pregnancy-related-immune-adaptation-promotes-the-emergence-of-highly-virulent-h1n1-influenza-virus-strains-in-allogenically-pregnant-mice
#15
Géraldine Engels, Alexandra Maximiliane Hierweger, Julia Hoffmann, René Thieme, Swantje Thiele, Stephanie Bertram, Carola Dreier, Patricia Resa-Infante, Henning Jacobsen, Kristin Thiele, Malik Alawi, Daniela Indenbirken, Adam Grundhoff, Svenja Siebels, Nicole Fischer, Violeta Stojanovska, Damián Muzzio, Federico Jensen, Khalil Karimi, Hans-Willi Mittrücker, Petra Clara Arck, Gülsah Gabriel
Pregnant women are at high risk for severe influenza disease outcomes, yet insights into the underlying mechanisms are limited. Here, we present models of H1N1 infection in syngenic and allogenic pregnant mice; infection in the latter mirrors the severe course of 2009 pandemic influenza in pregnant women. We found that the anti-viral immune response in the pregnant host was significantly restricted as compared to the non-pregnant host. This included a reduced type I interferon response as well as impaired migration of CD8(+) T cells into the lung...
March 8, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278407/influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-pregnant-indigenous-women-in-the-northern-territory-of-australia
#16
Sarah A Moberley, Jolie Lawrence, Vanessa Johnston, Ross M Andrews
Pregnant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are at particular risk of severe illness and high attack rates of influenza infection. In Australia, routine seasonal influenza vaccination is currently strongly recommended for all pregnant women and women planning pregnancy, and is provided free of charge for all pregnant women. We sought to determine vaccination coverage, describe the trends and characteristics associated with influenza vaccine uptake and determine the validity of self-reported influenza vaccination in a population of Indigenous pregnant women who were participants of a vaccine trial, prior to and during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254223/seropositivity-of-influenza-a-h1ni-in-mothers-and-infants-following-maternal-vaccination-with-trivalent-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-after-the-2009-pandemic
#17
An-Shine Chao, Yao-Lung Chang, Anne Chao, Ting-Shu Wu, Lan-Yan Yang, Reyin Lian, Yhu-Chering Huang
OBJECTIVE: To assess H1N1 antibody titers between vaccinated and nonvaccinated maternal and cord blood sera after the 2009 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antibody titers were measured in maternal blood and cord sera from three groups of pregnant women in this prospective study. Group 1 comprised women who received a trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine before conception, Group 2 comprised women who received a single injection of monovalent H1N1 vaccine during pregnancy, and Group 3 comprised women who were nonvaccinated...
February 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252630/-pharmacoepidemiological-study-of-the-course-of-influenza-and-other-acute-respiratory-viral-infections-in-risk-groups
#18
V A Bulgakova, A A Poromov, A I Grekova, N Yu Pshenichnaya, E P Selkova, N I Lvov, I A Leneva, I V Shestakova, V V Maleev
AIM: To identify risk factors (RFs) for the development of bacterial complications and the prolonged course of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections (ARVIs) among inpatients treated in Russian healthcare facilities in the post-pandemic period; to determine the clinical presentation of the disease (flu-like syndrome) in risk-group people and to evaluate the efficacy of antiviral therapy with arbidol (umifenovir). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The investigators retrospectively analyzed randomly selected medical records of inpatients with influenza and other ARVI in 88 hospitals from 50 regions of the Russian Federation: those of 3532 and 1755 patients in the 2010-2011 and 2014-2015 seasons, respectively, by applying parametric and nonparametric statistical methods...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223865/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-barriers-associated-with-the-uptake-of-influenza-vaccine-among-pregnant-women
#19
Ahmed Y Mayet, Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Hazem M Al-Mandeel, Nada A Alsaleh, Amani F Hamad
Objective: The purpose of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and factors associated with the uptake of the influenza (flu) vaccination in women within Saudi Arabia during their pregnancy period. Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey was conducted on 1085 pregnant women at the antenatal clinic over a period of 6 weeks with the provision of influenza vaccination. The questionnaire collected demographic and other data; it included 12 questions on their general knowledge and assessed their attitude toward influenza vaccination, and their awareness of vaccine risk and the potential benefits during pregnancy...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216380/a-population-based-analysis-of-predictors-of-influenza-vaccination-uptake-in-pregnant-women-the-effect-of-gestational-and-calendar-time
#20
Luz Maria Vilca, Aman Verma, David Buckeridge, Magda Campins
Pregnant women are vaccinated against influenza less frequently than other high-risk groups. To design effective vaccination strategies, we must understand how decisions regarding vaccination may vary by trimester and over vaccination campaigns. We used a Cox model indexed by calendar time to estimate the effect of gestational trimester and other factors on vaccination uptake in a large cohort of pregnant women in Catalonia (Spain) during 2008-09 to 2012-13 influenza vaccination campaigns. We analyzed 247,316 pregnancies...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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