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"Leg Length"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741029/subtrochanteric-femoral-shortening-osteotomy-combined-with-cementless-total-hip-replacement-for-crowe-type-iv-developmental-dysplasia-a-retrospective-study
#1
Giuseppe Rollo, Giuseppe Solarino, Giovanni Vicenti, Girolamo Picca, Massimiliano Carrozzo, Biagio Moretti
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement for high dislocation of the hip presents some difficulties, considering patients' young ages, the abnormal hip anatomy and the high rate of complications. In this study, we present our experience in terms of clinical and radiological results in the treatment of Crowe type IV hips with subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy and cementless total hip replacement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients with Crowe type IV hip dysplasia (two bilateral cases for a total of 17 hips) treated with cementless total hip replacement associated with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomies (nine transversal and eight Z-shape osteotomies) between March 2000 to February 2006...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735589/growth-meat-and-feed-efficiency-traits-of-lambs-born-to-ewes-submitted-to-energy-restriction-during-mid-gestation
#2
L Piaggio, G Quintans, R San Julián, G Ferreira, J Ithurralde, S Fierro, A S C Pereira, F Baldi, G E Banchero
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the energy restriction of gestation of adult ewes from day 45 to day 115 on lamb live performance parameters, carcass and meat traits. In experiment I, dietary energy was restricted at 70% of the metabolizable energy (ME) requirements, after which ewes were re-fed ad libitum until lambing. In experiment II, dietary energy was restricted at 60% of the ME requirements, and ewes were re-fed to ME requirements until lambing. All ewes grazed together from the end of the restriction periods to weaning...
July 24, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714773/impact-of-martial-arts-judo-karate-and-kung-fu-on-bone-mineral-density-gains-in-adolescents-of-both-genders-9-month-follow-up-martial-arts-and-bone-density
#3
Igor H Ito, Han C G Kemper, Ricardo R Agostinete, Kyle R Lynch, Diego G D Christofaro, Enio R Ronque, Rômulo A Fernandes
PURPOSE: To compare bone mineral density gains in adolescents of both genders stratified according to different martial art styles in a 9-month follow-up study. METHODS: The longitudinal study consisted of 29 adolescents of both genders and age between 11 and 17 years stratified into control group ([CG] not engaged in any sport) and 50 fighters (Kung-fu / karate-KF / KT, n = 29; Judo, n = 21). All 79 subjects underwent anthropometric measures (weight, height, leg length and height set), dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (Bone Mineral Density [BMD], in g/cm(2)) at two moments, baseline and nine months later...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704523/leg-length-change-after-opening-wedge-and-closing-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-a-meta-analysis
#4
Jun-Ho Kim, Hyun-Jung Kim, Dae-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Theoretical considerations suggest that leg length increases after opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and decreases after closing wedge HTO; however, in vivo studies have yielded conflicting results. This meta-analysis therefore assessed changes in leg length after opening wedge and closing wedge HTO. METHODS: All studies comparing pre- and postoperative leg length in patients who underwent opening and/or closing wedge HTO were included. Two reviewers independently recorded data from each study in terms of sample size as well as preoperative and postoperative leg length of open wedge and/or closed wedge HTO groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704303/gain-of-length-loss-of-strength-alteration-in-muscle-strength-after-femoral-leg-lengthening-in-young-patients-a-prospective-longitudinal-observational-study
#5
Andreas H Krieg, Sebastian Gehmert, Olivia L Neeser, Xaver Kaelin, Bernhard M Speth
This study aimed to determine the alteration in maximum isokinetic torque in patients after intramedullary femoral leg lengthening. Thirty patients with a median leg-length discrepancy of 3.0 cm underwent femoral limb lengthening with an intramedullary motorized device. Maximum isokinetic, concentric torque of the extensors, and flexors of the knee was measured before (n=30) and 2 years after surgery (n=21). Postoperatively, a significant difference remained for the maximum isokinetic torque of the extensors (22%) between the lengthened and the normal leg, which might have been caused by muscle response to the distraction procedure itself in the form of higher stiffness, less immediate displacement, and inconsistent force relaxation properties...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704299/slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-in-children-younger-than-10-years-old-clinical-characteristics-and-efficacy-of-physeal-sparing-procedures
#6
Mi Hyun Song, Woo Young Jang, Moon Seok Park, Won Joon Yoo, In Ho Choi, Tae-Joon Cho
We aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) in patients aged less than 10 years and identify the efficacy of physeal-sparing procedures in this age group. Demographic data of 18 SCFE patients aged less than 10 years were compared with those of 71 older patients to investigate the clinical characteristics. The efficacy of physeal-sparing procedures (n=5) was investigated compared with that of in-situ screw fixation (n=13). Obese children were noticeably more common among SCFE patients aged less than 10 years (P=0...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692359/prevention-of-limb-length-discrepancy-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Babar Kayani, Jurek Pietrzak, Fahad S Hossain, Sujith Konan, Fares S Haddad
Total hip arthroplasty is a highly effective and cost-efficient procedure but postoperative limb length discrepancy is a common source of patient dissatisfaction and litigation. This article provides a systematic, stepwise approach for identifying and proactively managing risk factors associated with limb length discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty. This review explores preoperative history taking, clinical examination, radiological templating, implant positioning, soft tissue balancing, and intraoperative surgical techniques for minimizing leg length discrepancy while maintaining stability and restoring mechanical function following total hip arthroplasty...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674737/systematic-review-of-the-outcome-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-sequelae-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease
#8
Sammy A Hanna, Khaled M Sarraf, Manoj Ramachandran, Pramod Achan
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with sequelae of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCP) is technically demanding because of the disease related deformities occuring in the proximal femur and/or the multiplanar deformities secondary to corrective osteotomies in childhood. Little is known about the long-term outcome of the procedure in this challenging group of patients. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of the literature to determine the functional outcome, complications and revision rate of THA in patients with sequelae of LCP disease...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665226/is-a-long-leg-a-risk-for-hip-or-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Kaj Tallroth, Leena Ristolainen, Mikko Manninen
Background and purpose - 7% of the asymptomatic population has leg-length inequality (LLI) greater than 12 mm. It has been proposed that LLI of >5 mm can be associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee and hip. We studied a possible association between LLI and OA of the knee and hip joint. Patients and methods - We followed 193 individuals (97 women, 96 men) for 29 years. The initial mean age of the participants was 43 (34-54) years, and they had no clinical histories or signs of leg symptoms...
June 30, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663391/equalisation-of-leg-lengths-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-crowe-type-iv-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-classification-and-management
#10
Y Li, X Zhang, Q Wang, X Peng, Q Wang, Y Jiang, Y Chen
AIMS: There is no consensus about the best method of achieving equal leg lengths at total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with Crowe type-IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). We reviewed our experience of a consecutive series of patients who underwent THA for this indication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 78 patients (86 THAs) with Crowe type-IV DDH, including 64 women and 14 men, with a minimum follow-up of two years. The mean age at the time of surgery was 52...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658827/neck-circumference-and-leg-length-as-surrogate-markers-of-coronary-artery-disease-simplifying-cardiac-risk-stratification
#11
Ram S Kaulgud, Adhishesh Kaul, B S Arun, P B Vijayalaxmi
INTRODUCTION: Coronary angiography is the gold standard for quantification of coronary atherosclerosis. But, being invasive, it has inherent complications. Hence, we examined the accuracy of prediction of coronary angiography using simple anthropometric indices. AIM: To identify a patient friendly method to predict coronary artery disease using simple anthropometric parameters, by testing their correlation with coronary artery disease severity scoring system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on patients undergoing elective coronary angiography...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643081/distraction-osteogenesis-reconstruction-of-large-segmental-bone-defects-after-primary-tumor-resection-pitfalls-and-benefits
#12
REVIEW
Jan Lesensky, Daniel E Prince
Successful cure is achieved in almost 70% of patients with primary bone sarcomas with currently available therapies. Some soft tissue sarcomas require wide bone resection in order to achieve appropriate margins for cure of disease, and patients undergoing these procedures need durable reconstruction. Biological reconstruction has been shown to provide patients with superior long-term results over other alternatives. Distraction osteogenesis is well studied in the correction of deformities as well as in addressing some congenital musculoskeletal pathologies...
August 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640899/normative-3d-opto-electronic-stereo-photogrammetric-posture-and-spine-morphology-data-in-young-healthy-adult-population
#13
Moreno D'Amico, Edyta Kinel, Piero Roncoletta
Observational cross-sectional study. The current study aims to yield normative data: i.e., the physiological standard for 30 selected quantitative 3D parameters that accurately capture and describe a full-skeleton, upright-standing attitude. Specific and exclusive consideration was given to three distinct categories: postural, spine morphology and pelvic parameters. To capture such 3D parameters, the authors selected a non-ionising 3D opto-electronic stereo-photogrammetric approach. This required the identification and measurement of 27 body landmarks, each specifically tagged with a skin marker...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634093/total-hip-arthroplasty-after-transtrochanteric-rotational-osteotomy-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-a-mean-10-year-follow-up
#14
Yusuke Osawa, Taisuke Seki, Daigo Morita, Yasuhiko Takegami, Toshiaki Okura, Naoki Ishiguro
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to investigate clinical, quality of life, and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) after transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). METHODS: We performed a case-control study. The participants were 29 patients (34 hips) who underwent THA after TRO (TRO group). These patients had a mean age at surgery of 51.6 years (range, 30-72 years) and underwent postoperative follow-up for a mean period of 10...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631024/the-use-of-tibial-tuberosity-trochlear-groove-indices-based-on-joint-size-in-lower-limb-evaluation
#15
Peter Wilhelm Ferlic, Armin Runer, Florian Dirisamer, Peter Balcarek, Johannes Giesinger, Rainer Biedermann, Michael Christian Liebensteiner
PURPOSE: The correlation between tibial tuberosity-trochlear groove distance (TT-TG) and joint size, taking into account several different parameters of knee joint size as well as lower limb dimensions, is evaluated in order to assess whether TT-TG indices should be used in instead of absolute TT-TG values. METHODS: This study comprised a retrospective analysis of knee CT scans, including 36 cases with patellofemoral instability (PFI) and 30 controls. Besides TT-TG, five measures of knee joint size were evaluated in axial CT slices: medio-lateral femur width, antero-posterior lateral condylar height, medio-lateral width of the tibia, width of the patella and the proximal-distal joint size (TT-TE)...
June 19, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630729/acetabular-rim-length-an-anatomical-study-to-determine-reasonable-graft-sizes-for-labral-reconstruction
#16
Michael R Karns, Sunny H Patel, Jensen Kolaczko, Raymond W Liu, Richard C Mather, Brian J White, Shane J Nho, Michael J Salata
The purpose of this article is to determine normative values for the length of the acetabular rim and detect differences between gender, age, ethnicity, height and leg length. Six measurements were taken on the acetabular rim of 143 cadaveric skeleton specimens (286 acetabula) using a coordinate-measuring device: circumferential (excluding acetabular notch), anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)-anterior, AIIS-posterior, 12-3 o'clock, 12-9 o'clock and 11-5 o'clock. Museum specimen height data and leg length data from a previous study were recorded for 109 of 143 specimens...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625687/can-surgeons-reduce-the-risk-for-dislocation-after-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-performed-using-the-posterolateral-approach
#17
Kurt G Seagrave, Anders Troelsen, Bjørn G Madsen, Henrik Husted, Thomas Kallemose, Kirill Gromov
BACKGROUND: Hip dislocation is one of the most common postoperative complications after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Potential contributors include patient- and surgical-related factors. We performed a retrospective cohort study to identify risk factors for postoperative dislocation in patients receiving THA via the posterolateral approach. METHODS: We assessed 1326 consecutive primary THAs performed between 2010 and 2015. Patient information was documented, and plain radiographic films were used to evaluate cup positioning, hip offset, and hip length change...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623889/surgical-accuracy-function-and-quality-of-life-of-simultaneous-versus-staged-bilateral-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#18
Seung-Chan Kim, Young-Wook Lim, Woo-Lam Jo, Dong-Chul Park, Jin-Woo Lee, Won-Woo Kang, Yong-Sik Kim
BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical option for patients requiring bilateral hip replacement remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare surgical accuracy; functional outcome and health-related quality of life; and prosthetic-related complications and revision surgery of a simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) with those of a staged bilateral THA with an interval between procedures <12 months. METHODS: A total of 123 unselected consecutive patients (mean age, 43...
June 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622842/two-stage-knee-arthrodesis-with-a-modular-intramedullary-nail-due-to-septic-failure-of-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-extensor-mechanism-deficiency
#19
Max J Friedrich, Jan Schmolders, Matthias D Wimmer, Andreas C Strauss, Milena M Ploeger, Dieter C Wirtz, Sascha Gravius, Thomas M Randau
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection is a serious complication and reconstruction after failed revision total knee arthroplasty with significant bone loss and compromised soft-tissues can be challenging. Objective of this study was to assess clinical and functional results, implant survival and infection recurrence rates in patients treated with two-stage arthrodesis after failed revision TKA with extensor mechanism deficiencies due to PJI, and to identify the factors that affect outcomes after surgery...
June 13, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612981/congenital-telangiectatic-und-pigmented-lesions-associated-with-lymphedema-difference-in-leg-length-and-scoliosis
#20
Patricia Convalexius, Thomas A Luger, Markus Böhm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
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