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"Leg Length"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439312/validation-of-the-multiplier-method-for-leg-length-predictions-on-a-large-european-cohort-and-an-assessment-of-the-effect-of-physiological-age-on-predictions
#1
J J Aird, C L Cheesman, A T Schade, F P Monsell
PURPOSE: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) prospective cohort was used to determine the accuracy of the Paley multiplier method for predicting leg length. Using menarche as a proxy, physiological age was then used to increase the accuracy of the multiplier. METHODS: Chronological age was corrected in female patients over the age of eight years with documented date of first menses. Final sub-ischial leg length and predicted final leg length were predicted for all data points...
2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431451/-experience-with-the-hind-foot-relaxation-boot
#2
Hans Zwipp, Michael Borrmann, Eberhard Walter
The goal of this paper is to report our experience with hindfoot fractures using our specially developed boot, with a follow-up of 557 cases. This boot works like the well-known Allgöwer-Röck ortheses (ARO), but is a hybrid between a boot and an orthesis. It allows full weightbearing without using crutches and completely protects an acutely operated hind foot fracture, hind foot arthrodesis or a hind foot fracture which is suitable for conservative treatment. In its first generation, this boot was custom made and used in 408 cases, from March 1999 to February 2011...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428035/evaluation-of-the-external-fixator-truelok-hexapod-system-for-tibial-deformity-correction-in-children
#3
Sébastien Pesenti, Christopher A Iobst, Franck Launay
BACKGROUND: Tibial deformities are common in paediatric orthopaedic practice. Correcting multiplanar tibial deformities associated with lower limb length discrepancycan be challenging. Hexapod external fixation with gradual correction has been proven effective in this situation. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical and radiological outcomes of gradual tibial deformity correction using the external fixator TL-HEX(TM)(Orthofix) in children. HYPOTHESIS: TL-HEX™ is effective in correcting tibial deformities in children...
April 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427725/association-of-mild-leg-length-discrepancy-and-degenerative-changes-in-the-hip-joint-and-lumbar-spine
#4
Kelvin J Murray, Tom Molyneux, Michael R Le Grande, Aurora Castro Mendez, Franz K Fuss, Michael F Azari
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between mild leg length discrepancy (LLD) and degenerative joint disease (DJD) or osteoarthritis. METHODS: We evaluated standard postural lumbopelvic radiographs from 255 adults (121 women and 134 men) who had presented with spinal pain for chiropractic care. Symmetry of femoral head diameters was used to exclude magnification errors. Pearson's partial correlation was used to control for age and derive effect sizes for LLD on DJD in the hip and lower lumbar motion segments...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424851/vascularized-fibular-medialization-for-reconstruction-of-the-tibial-defects-following-tumour-excision
#5
Abed El-Negery, Nabil Ahmed Elmoghazy, Mohamed Serry Abd-Ellatif, Adham Elgeidi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and oncologic results of fibular medialization when used alone as a single-stage reconstructive technique after wide excision of malignant tumours of the proximal, middle, or distal tibia. METHODS: Between December 2010 and May 2015, 14 patients (six males and eight females) with primary malignant tumours of the tibia (eight proximal, four diaphyseal, two distal) were treated by wide excision. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 23...
April 19, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421784/assessment-of-anthropometric-indicators-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-according-to-the-type-of-motor-dysfunction-and-reference-standard
#6
Jorge Abraham García Iñiguez, Edgar Manuel Vásquez-Garibay, Andrea García Contreras, Enrique Romero-Velarde, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán
AIM: The study aimed to demonstrate that the assessment of the anthropomorphic measurements of children with cerebral palsy (CP) varies according to the type of motor dysfunction and references standard used for comparison. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, 108 children 2 to 16 years were classified according to the type of motor dysfunction by gender and age group. Weight, mid-upper-arm-circumference (MUAC), and alternative measures for height were performed...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416826/-surgical-technique-and-early-clinical-outcomes-of-direct-anterior-approach-to-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
M Lv, J Q Zhang, X S Wang, Y Huang, W Li, C Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique of direct anterior approach to total hip arthroplasty and to report the early clinical outcomes. METHODS: A series of 100 consecutive, unselected patients who had 116 primary total hip arthroplasty surgeries (16 bilateral) done through direct anterior approach from March 11 2015 to June 21 2016 was reviewed. There were 50 male patients and 50 female patients. The average patient age was 51 years, and the average body mass index was 24...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411445/comparison-of-the-classifier-oriented-gait-score-and-the-gait-profile-score-based-on-imitated-gait-impairments
#8
Christian Josef, Kröll Josef, Schwameder Hermann
Common summary measures of gait quality such as the Gait Profile Score (GPS) are based on the principle of measuring a distance from the mean pattern of a healthy reference group in a gait pattern vector space. The recently introduced Classifier Oriented Gait Score (COGS) is a pathology specific score that measures this distance in a unique direction, which is indicated by a linear classifier. This approach has potentially improved the discriminatory power to detect subtle changes in gait patterns but does not incorporate a profile of interpretable sub-scores like the GPS...
April 5, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408083/masquelet-technique-versus-ilizarov-bone-transport-for-reconstruction-of-lower-extremity-bone-defects-following-posttraumatic-osteomyelitis
#9
Kai Tong, Ziyi Zhong, Yulan Peng, Chuangxin Lin, Shenglu Cao, YunPing Yang, Gang Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study was to compare the effectiveness of Masquelet technique versus Ilizarov bone transport in the treatment of lower extremity bone defects following posttraumatic osteomyelitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 39 patients who had been treated at our department for lower extremity bone defects following posttraumatic osteomyelitis. They were 30 males and 9 females with a mean age of 39.18 (range, 12-63 years). The infected bone defects involved 26 tibias and 13 femurs...
April 4, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394688/distance-between-the-malleoli-and-the-grounda-new-clinical-method-to-measure-leg-length-discrepancy
#10
Estela Gomez Aguilar, Águeda Gómez Domínguez, Carolina Peña-Algaba, José M Castillo-López
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to introduce a useful method for the clinical diagnosis of leg-length inequality: distance between the malleoli and the ground (DMG). METHODS: A transversal observational study was performed on 17 patients with leg-length discrepancy. Leg-length inequality was determined with different clinical methods: with a tape measure in a supine position from the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) to the internal and external malleoli, as the difference between the iliac crests when standing (pelvimeter), and as asymmetry between ASISs (PALpation Meter [PALM]; A&D Medical Products Healthcare, San Jose, California)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392634/a-new-concept-for-measuring-leg-length-discrepancy
#11
Sam Khamis, Eli Carmeli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391517/preoperative-digital-planning-versus-postoperative-outcomes-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-calcar-guided-short-stem-frequent-valgization-can-be-avoided
#12
Karl Philipp Kutzner, Joachim Pfeil, Mark Predrag Kovacevic
INTRODUCTION: Modern total hip arthroplasty is largely dependent on the successful preservation of hip geometry. Thus, a successful implementation of the preoperative planning is of great importance. The present study evaluates the accuracy of anatomic hip reconstruction predicted by 2D digital planning using a calcar-guided short stem of the newest generation. METHODS: A calcar-guided short stem was implanted in 109 patients in combination with a cementless cup using the modified anterolateral approach...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389837/use-of-internal-lengthening-nails-in-post-traumatic-sequelae
#13
REVIEW
Hamza M Alrabai, Martin G Gesheff, Janet D Conway
External fixators are a well-established modality for treating fractures with bone defects, leg-length discrepancy, malunion, nonunion and other post-traumatic consequences. However, use of internal lengthening rods has remarkably increased recently for post-traumatic conditions. The main advantage of internal lengthening rods is eliminating pin-site complications. Internal lengthening rods are also associated with less pain. Motorised internal lengthening rods show promising performance in post-traumatic cases...
April 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387142/preece-baines-model-1-to-estimate-height-and-knee-height-growth-in-boys-and-girls-from-merida-mexico
#14
Sudip Datta Banik, Sedigheh Mirzaei Salehabadi, Federico Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Height and body segments in children have differential pubertal growth characteristics. Lower leg length is a sensitive indicator of child's nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate differential timing and tempo of height and knee height (KH) growth in 9- to 17-year-old boys (n = 475) and girls (n = 500) from Merida, Mexico. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the Preece-Baines growth curves-model 1 (PB 1) was fitted to the anthropometric data for height and KH...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383619/stature-estimation-from-lower-limb-anthropometry-using-linear-regression-analysis-a-study-on-the-malaysian-population
#15
S N Abu Bakar, A Aspalilah, I AbdelNasser, A Nurliza, M J Hairuliza, M Swarhib, S Das, F Mohd Nor
INTRODUCTION: Stature is one of the characteristics that could be used to identify human, besides age, sex and racial affiliation. This is useful when the body found is either dismembered, mutilated or even decomposed, and helps in narrowing down the missing person's identity. AIM: The main aim of the present study was to construct regression functions for stature estimation by using lower limb bones in the Malaysian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 87 adult individuals (81 males, 6 females) aged between 20 to 79 years...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381429/long-term-effects-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-on-lung-function-in-malawian-children-a-cohort-study
#16
Natasha Lelijveld, Marko Kerac, Andrew Seal, Emmanuel Chimwezi, Jonathan C Wells, Robert S Heyderman, Moffat J Nyirenda, Janet Stocks, Jane Kirkby
Early nutritional insults may increase risk of adult lung disease. We aimed to quantify the impact of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) on spirometric outcomes 7 years post-treatment and explore predictors of impaired lung function.Spirometry and pulse oximetry were assessed in 237 Malawian children (median age: 9.3 years) who had been treated for SAM and compared with sibling and age/sex-matched community controls. Spirometry results were expressed as z-scores based on Global Lung Function Initiative reference data for the African-American population...
April 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381356/blocking-screws-for-alignment-control-in-intramedullary-limb-lengthening
#17
Julian Fürmetz, Stefan Bösl, James Schilling, Florian Wolf, Nikolaus Degen, Peter H Thaller
Simultaneous deformity correction in the frontal and sagittal plane becomes more and more an important part of intramedullary lengthening to avoid further operative procedures. Such as in fracture treatment blocking screws can be used for alignment control if osteotomy is performed in the metaphyseal bone. 31 intramedullary lengthening procedures between 2009 and 2011 were retrospectively analysed for precision of simultaneous deformity correction. The average planned correction to the HKA was 2.4° (0.1°-8...
March 31, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377642/computer-navigation-and-distal-femoral-reconstruction-in-the-oncologic-patient
#18
Brian T Palumbo, Eric Henderson, Justin Rizer, Douglas G Letson, David Cheong
OBJECTIVES: As adjuvant treatments for musculoskeletal malignancies improve expectations of preserved function increase. We questioned whether computer navigation for distal femoral reconstruction would improve outcomes. METHODS: Twenty oncology patients were reviewed after distal femoral reconstruction using navigation. Outcomes included local recurrence, implant revision, patient function, patellofemoral complications and leg-length inequality. RESULTS: Implant survivorship was 85% at 26 months...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362382/video-movement-analysis-using-smartphones-vimas-a-pilot-study
#19
Monica J Finkbiner, Kira M Gaina, Marie C McRandall, Megan M Wolf, Vicky M Pardo, Kristina Reid, Brian Adams, Sujay S Galen
The use of smartphones in clinical practice is steadily increasing with the availability of low cost/freely available "apps" that could be used to assess human gait. The primary aim of this manuscript is to test the concurrent validity of kinematic measures recorded by a smartphone application in comparison to a 3D motion capture system in the sagittal plane. The secondary aim was to develop a protocol for clinicians on the set up of the smartphone camera for video movement analysis. The sagittal plane knee angle was measured during heel strike and toe off events using the smart phone app and a 3D motion-capture system in 32 healthy subjects...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362143/stance-foot-alignment-and-hand-positioning-alter-star-excursion-balance-test-scores-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability-what-are-we-really-assessing
#20
Mutlu Cuğ
OBJECTIVE: The literature has consistently shown that the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) is a reliable and valid tool to anticipate the risk of lower extremity injury, assess dynamic postural control differences among groups, and assess the effectiveness of balance training programs in both healthy individuals and people with lower extremity injuries. However, there is no standard administration technique for the SEBT in research, clinical practice, or performance settings. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to compare six different combinations (3 different foot alignments × 2 hand positions) on the SEBT performance in those with chronic ankle instability (CAI)...
March 31, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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