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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915816/cramp-deficiency-leads-to-a-pro-inflammatory-phenotype-and-impaired-phagocytosis-after-exposure-to-bacterial-meningitis-pathogens
#1
Eugenia Kress, Julika Merres, Lea-Jessica Albrecht, Sven Hammerschmidt, Thomas Pufe, Simone C Tauber, Lars-Ove Brandenburg
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial peptides are important components of the host defence with a broad range of functions including direct antimicrobial activity and modulation of inflammation. Lack of cathelin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) was associated with higher mortality and bacterial burden and impaired neutrophil granulocyte infiltration in a model of pneumococcal meningitis. The present study was designed to characterize the effects of CRAMP deficiency on glial response and phagocytosis after exposure to bacterial stimuli...
September 16, 2017: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914180/symptoms-based-phenotypes-among-women-with-dysmenorrhea-a-latent-class-analysis
#2
Chen X Chen, Susan Ofner, Giorgos Bakoyannis, Kristine L Kwekkeboom, Janet S Carpenter
Dysmenorrhea is highly prevalent and may increase women's risk for developing other chronic pain conditions. Although it is highly variable, symptom-based dysmenorrhea phenotypes have not been identified. The aims of the study were to identify symptom-based dysmenorrhea phenotypes and examine their relationships with demographic and clinical characteristics. In a cross-sectional study, 762 women with dysmenorrhea rated severity of 14 dysmenorrhea-related symptoms. Using latent class analysis, we identified three distinctive phenotypes...
September 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912947/friction-massage-versus-kinesiotaping-for-short-term-management-of-latent-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Marzieh Mohamadi, Soraya Piroozi, Iman Rashidi, Saeed Hosseinifard
BACKGROUND: Latent trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle may disrupt muscle movement patterns and cause problems such as cramping and decreased muscle strength. Because latent trigger points may spontaneously become active trigger points, they should be addressed and treated to prevent further problems. In this study we compared the short-term effect of kinesiotaping versus friction massage on latent trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS: Fifty-eight male students enrolled with a stratified sampling method participated in this single-blind randomized clinical trial (Registration ID: IRCT2016080126674N3) in 2016...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910482/an-outbreak-investigation-report-and-lessons-learned-by-multinational-coalition-forces-october-2016-baghdad-iraq
#4
Stanley A Gorzelnik, Laura N Kephart, Wendy E Miklos
BACKGROUND: Public health personnel from the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, conducted an outbreak investigation in response to many local cases of gastrointestinal (GI) illness presenting to U.S. medical facilities. The investigation was conducted to identify the source of the illness, assess the extent of cases, and make recommendations to prevent similar outbreaks. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For this retrospective cohort study, medical records and patient outbreak questionnaires were reviewed...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906575/prevalence-correlates-and-impact-of-pain-and-cramps-in-anti-mag-neuropathy-a-multicentre-european-study
#5
Yusuf A Rajabally, Emilien Delmont, Fu Liong Hiew, Anne-Catherine Aubé-Nathier, Aude-Marie Grapperon, Julien Cassereau, Shahram Attarian
BACKGROUND: The frequency of pain and cramps is uncertain in anti-MAG (Anti-myelin associated glycoprotein antibody) neuropathy. Whether these symptoms may affect function/quality of life is unknown. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of the prevalence, correlates and impact of pain, pain subtypes and cramps, their severity, frequency and anatomical distribution, in 55 clinically stable patients with anti-MAG neuropathy. RESULTS: Pain of any type was reported by 80% of subjects...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905389/the-first-reported-case-of-concurrent-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-induced-immune-hemolytic-anemia-and-thrombocytopenia
#6
Yevgeniy A Linnik, Edison W Tsui, Isabella W Martin, Zbigniew M Szczepiorkowski, Gregory A Denomme, Jerome L Gottschall, John M Hill, Nancy M Dunbar
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia (DIIHA) and drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia (DIIT) are rare but dangerous complications of pharmacotherapy that may be underrecognized in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients due to overlap of signs and symptoms with those of more common disease processes. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old woman with NK-cell deficiency and GATA-2-associated myelodysplastic syndrome, status post-recent allogeneic HSCT (Day +58), presented with 3 days of acute-onset severe back pain, muscle cramps, and increasingly dark urine...
September 14, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904937/effect-of-magnesium-supplement-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-randomized-control-trial
#7
Elaheh Zarean, Amal Tarjan
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral required to regulate body temperature, nucleic acid, and protein synthesis with an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. It may reduce fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia as well as increase birth weight. This study aimed to assess the effects of consuming Mg supplementation during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial with three sixty populated groups of pregnant women...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904473/surgical-interventions-for-task-specific-dystonia-writer-s-dystonia
#8
Paresh K Doshi, Raghvendra Vijay Ramdasi, Bharati Karkera, Dilraj B Kadlas
OBJECTIVES: Writer's cramp is a focal dystonia producing abnormal postures during selective motor activities. Thalamotomy or globus pallidus internus deep brain stimulation (GPi DBS) has been used as a surgical treatment in patients not responding to medical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients (all men, age 16-47 years) with refractory focal hand dystonia underwent either ventrooralis (Vo) thalamotomy (seven patients) or GPi DBS (one patient) using stereotactic techniques...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904049/use-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-tests-for-identifying-primary-hypothyroidism-in-family-medicine-patients
#9
Elizabeth Birk-Urovitz, M Elisabeth Del Giudice, Christopher Meaney, Karan Grewal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) tests for identifying primary hypothyroidism in 2 academic family medicine settings. DESIGN: Descriptive study involving a retrospective electronic chart review of family medicine patients who underwent TSH testing. SETTING: Two academic family practice sites: one site is within a tertiary hospital in Toronto, Ont, and the other is within a community hospital in Newmarket, Ont...
September 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901963/underlying-chronic-disease-medication-use-history-of-running-injuries-and-being-a-more-experienced-runner-are-independent-factors-associated-with-exercise-associated-muscle-cramping-a-cross-sectional-study-in-15778-distance-runners
#10
Martin P Schwellnus, Sonja Swanevelder, Esme Jordaan, Wayne Derman, Dina C Janse Van Rensburg
BACKGROUND: Exercise-associated muscle cramping (EAMC) is a significant medical complication in distance runners, yet factors associated with EAMC are poorly documented. OBJECTIVE: To document risk factors associated with EAMC in runners. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two ocean races (21.1 km, and 56 km). PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen thousand seven hundred seventy-eight race entrants. METHODS: Participants completed a prerace medical history screening tool including: training, cardiovascular disease (CVD), risk factors for, and symptoms of CVD, history of diseases affecting major organ systems, cancer, allergies, medication use, and running injury...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900560/building-a-better-gluteal-bridge-electromyographic-analysis-of-hip-muscle-activity-during-modified-single-leg-bridges
#11
B J Lehecka, Michael Edwards, Ryan Haverkamp, Lani Martin, Kambry Porter, Kailey Thach, Richard J Sack, Nils A Hakansson
BACKGROUND: Gluteal strength plays a role in injury prevention, normal gait patterns, eliminating pain, and enhancing athletic performance. Research shows high gluteal muscle activity during a single-leg bridge compared to other gluteal strengthening exercises; however, prior studies have primarily measured muscle activity with the active lower extremity starting in 90 ° of knee flexion with an extended contralateral knee. This standard position has caused reports of hamstring cramping, which may impede optimal gluteal strengthening...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899521/summertime-blues-a-re-examination-of-the-seasonality-of-web-searches-for-restless-legs-and-leg-cramps
#12
Shaun T O'Keeffe
OBJECTIVE: Studies that examined Internet searches for restless legs and leg cramps have found a strong seasonal effect with peaks in summer and troughs in winter months. The present study used an econometric approach to examine the seasonality of such searches in greater detail. METHODS: Monthly relative search volumes for 'restless legs' and 'leg cramps' from 2004 to March 2017 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Australia were obtained from Google Trends. Average percentage change from winter to summer months was examined...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886613/-acute-monkshood-intoxication-requiring-acute-resuscitation-in-suicidal-intent
#13
Michael Stetzenbach, Boris Schnorbus, Ingo Sagoschen, Werner Bleser, Dominik Legner, Andreas Stürer
We report about an acute monkshood intoxication requiring acute resuscitation in suicidal intent in a 56-year-old patient. The Blue Monkshood (Aconitum napellus) is considered to be the most toxic plant in Europe. All plant parts contain the highly toxic alkonoid aconitin. The lethal dose in adults is 2 - 6 mg. Intoxications are often fatal. Asymptomatic patients with suspected monkshood intoxication should also be monitored on an ICU. First signs of intoxication are paraesthesia in the mouth and throat area, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and severe pain in skeletal muscle...
September 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884992/new-therapeutic-approach-by-sirolimus-for-enteropathy-treatment-in-patients-with-lrba-deficiency
#14
G Azizi, H Abolhassani, R Yazdani, S Mohammadikhajehdehi, N Parvaneh, B Negahdari, J Mohammadi, A Aghamohammadi
Purpose. To report the successful use of sirolimus for management of enteropathy in four patients with LPS-responsive beige-like anchor protein (LRBA) deficiency. Methods. Case series. Results. sirolimus therapy led to a complete improvement of symptoms including decrease in frequency and severity of diarrhea, as well as patients' weight gain. No signs of abdominal cramps and anorexia were also detected during the follow up period after treatment. Conclusions. sirolimus with its potential efficacy and immunomodulatory properties may be recommended for the treatment of severe enteropathy refractory to conventional therapy in patients with LRBA deficiency...
September 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884454/prevalence-of-patient-reported-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-agreement-with-clinician-toxicity-assessments-in-radiation-therapy-for-anal-cancer
#15
Ashlyn Tom, Antonia V Bennett, Diana Rothenstein, Ethel Law, Karyn A Goodman
PURPOSE: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms pose a significant burden to patients receiving chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for anal cancer; however, the impact of symptoms from the patient perspective has not been quantified. This retrospective study examined and compared patient and clinician reports of acute GI toxicity during CRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated with definitive RT using intensity-modulated radiation therapy for anal cancer between 9/09 and 11/12 were reviewed...
September 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881227/test-retest-reliability-and-smallest-detectable-change-of-the-bristol-impact-of-hypermobility-bioh-questionnaire
#16
S Palmer, S Manns, F Cramp, R Lewis, E M Clark
OBJECTIVE: The Bristol Impact of Hypermobility (BIoH) questionnaire is a patient-reported outcome measure developed in conjunction with adults with Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS). It has demonstrated strong concurrent validity with the Short Form-36 (SF-36) physical component score but other psychometric properties have yet to be established. This study aimed to determine its test-retest reliability and smallest detectable change (SDC). DESIGN: A test-retest reliability study...
August 24, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880351/-refeeding-syndrome-during-alcohol-detoxification
#17
J J S Rutten, H Post, G H de Weert-van Oene, V J A Buwalda
Refeeding syndrome (RS) can occur when malnourished patients are reintroduced to carbohydrates. The symptoms are caused by a combination of electrolyte shifts and fluid retention. Symptoms are wide-ranging; some patients may suffer from harmless muscle cramps, others from more severe neurological and cardiological symptoms that can even lead to death. Although alcohol dependence is a risk factor for the development of RS, little attention is being given to this problem in addiction treatment. In this article we report a case of RS that occurred during alcohol detoxification...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876558/parathyroid-adenoma-with-concurrent-toxic-thyroid-adenoma-a-rare-combination
#18
I I Sardiwalla, A Mokhtari, Y Sardiwalla
BACKGROUND: Hypercalcemia in association with hyperthyroidism is a well-recognized phenomenon. Primary hyperparathyroidism due to parathyroid adenoma in association with thyroid adenoma is extremely rare. These cases can present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the treating physician as the patient may present with symptoms of either disease. CASE SUMMARY: A 47-year-old female patient presented with non-specific complaints including fatigue and muscle cramps...
March 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869940/severe-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-a-hemodialysis-patient-a-case-report-from-mongolia
#19
Saruultuvshin Adiya, Khurtsbayar Damdinsuren, Chuluuntsetseg Dorj
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) occurs in patients with chronic renal failure complicated with renal bone disease and soft tissue/vascular calcification. In dialysis patients with severe SHPT, medical treatment may fail and parathyroidectomy (PTX) is indicated for definitive treatment. Severe hypocalcemia from hungry bone disease or postoperative hypoparathyroidism may occur during the postoperative period. We report here a case of severe SHPT in a hemodialysis patient treated with phosphate binders, calcitriol, and calcimimetics but who still required PTX...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857066/hypoparathyroidism
#20
REVIEW
Michael Mannstadt, John P Bilezikian, Rajesh V Thakker, Fadil M Hannan, Bart L Clarke, Lars Reijnmark, Deborah M Mitchell, Tamara J Vokes, Karen K Winer, Dolores M Shoback
Hypoparathyroidism is a disease characterized by inadequately low circulating concentrations of parathyroid hormone (PTH) resulting in low calcium levels and increased phosphate levels in the blood. Symptoms of the disease result from increased neuromuscular irritability caused by hypocalcaemia and include tingling, muscle cramps and seizures. The most common cause of the disease is inadvertent removal of, or injury to, the parathyroid glands during neck surgery, followed by genetic, idiopathic and autoimmune aetiologies...
August 31, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
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