keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cramps

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445695/neural-correlates-of-evoked-phantom-limb-sensations
#1
J Andoh, M Diers, C Milde, C Köppe, D Kleinböhl, H Flor
Previous work showed the existence of changes in the topographic organization within the somatosensory cortex (SI) in amputees with phantom limb pain, however, the link between nonpainful phantom sensations such as cramping or tingling or the percept of the limb and cortical changes is less clear. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in a highly selective group of limb amputees who experienced inducible and reproducible nonpainful phantom sensations. A standardized procedure was used to locate body sites eliciting phantom sensations in each amputee...
April 23, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437833/transient-receptor-potential-trp-channels-and-exercise-associated-muscle-cramping-eamc-a-tale-of-multiple-complexities
#2
EDITORIAL
M P Schwellnus, M D Hoffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436534/a-novel-trpa1-variant-is-associated-with-carbamazepine-responsive-cramp-fasciculation-syndrome
#3
M J Nirenberg, R Chaouni, T M Biller, R M Gilbert, C Paisán-Ruiz
Cramp-fasciculation syndrome (CFS) is a rare muscle hyperexcitability syndrome that presents with muscle cramps, fasciculations, and stiffness, as well as pain, fatigue, anxiety, hyperreflexia, and paresthesias. Although familial cases have been reported, a genetic etiology has not yet been identified. We performed whole-exome sequencing followed by validation and cosegregation analyses on a father-son pair with CFS. Both subjects manifested other hypersensitivity-hyperexcitability symptoms, including asthma, gastroesophageal reflux, migraine, restless legs syndrome, tremor, cold hyperalgesia, and cardiac conduction defects...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434158/physical-performance-in-newly-diagnosed-hypothyroidism-a-pilot-study
#4
D Gallo, E Piantanida, G Veronesi, A Lai, L Sassi, V Lombardi, E Masiello, P Premoli, E Bianconi, C Cusini, S Rosetti, M L Tanda, A Toniolo, M Ferrario, L Bartalena
OBJECTIVE: Hypothyroidism is complicated by neuromuscular symptoms (myalgias, slowness of movements, and tiredness) and signs (easy fatigability and cramps), which may have a negative impact on general well-being and quality of life. In a pilot, prospective, controlled study, we investigated the features of muscle dysfunction in hypothyroidism by disease questionnaire, biochemical measures, and physical performance tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven consecutive patients with newly diagnosed hypothyroidism were enrolled, 27 subclinical (S-Hypo) and 30 overt (O-Hypo)...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432791/immediate-versus-delayed-postpartum-insertion-of-contraceptive-implant-for-contraception
#5
REVIEW
Jen Sothornwit, Yuthapong Werawatakul, Srinaree Kaewrudee, Pisake Lumbiganon, Malinee Laopaiboon
BACKGROUND: The spacing of pregnancies has a positive impact on maternal and newborn health. The progestin contraceptive implant, which is a long-acting, reversible method of contraception, has a well-established low failure rate that is compatible with tubal sterilization. The standard provision of contraceptive methods on the first postpartum visit may put some women at risk of unintended pregnancy, either due to loss to follow-up or having sexual intercourse prior to receiving contraception...
April 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427169/therapeutic-role-of-glutamine-in-management-of-radiation-enteritis-a-meta-analysis-of-13-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
De-Dong Cao, Hui-Lin Xu, Min Xu, Xiang-Yun Qian, Zhu-Cheng Yin, Wei Ge
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of glutamine in treating radiation enteritis in cancer patients treated with radiotherapy. METHODS: Electronic databases including Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane library, and CNKI were systematically searched, until April 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) of glutamine in the treatment of radiation enteritis in cancer patients were searched, and RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 13 RCTs were included, involving 979 patients...
February 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424899/a-polysomnographic-study-in-parkinsonian-patients-treated-with-intestinal-levodopa-infusion
#7
Maurizio Zibetti, Alberto Romagnolo, Aristide Merola, Lorenzo Priano, Elisa Montanaro, Serena Angrisano, Antonella Tribolo, Alessandro Cicolin, Leonardo Lopiano
Sleep disorders are very common in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a significant negative impact on the quality of life of patients. Questionnaire-based studies suggest that sleep quality might improve following levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) infusion. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of LCIG infusion and subsequent oral medication changes on polysomnography (PSG) and sleep symptoms in advanced PD patients. Eleven PD patients underwent PSG at baseline and after 3.8 ± 1...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420517/ileocecal-endometriosis-diagnosis-and-management
#8
Ana López Carrasco, Alicia Hernández Gutiérrez, Paula A Hidalgo Gutiérrez, Roberto Rodríguez González, José L Marijuán Martín, Ignacio Zapardiel, Javier de Santiago García
OBJECTIVE: Ileocecal endometriosis is rare. Symptoms range from no symptoms, cramps, vomiting, to acute intestinal obstruction. Our objective was to review our cases, clarify, and resume its most appropriate management focusing on the factors to determine diagnosis. This is a retrospective study by revision of medical charts of all ileal endometriosis cases of our unit from 2006 to 2014. CASE REPORT: Seven cases were found; three (43%) had previous endometriosis laparoscopic diagnosis, four (57%) had partial bowel obstruction episodes, three (43%) had chronic pelvic pain, and one developed acute intestinal obstruction in postoperative ileostomy closure...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420175/a-new-input-device-for-spastics-based-on-strain-gauge
#9
Niels Buchhold, Christian Baumgartner
This article presents a new sensor for use by people with spastic disorders and similar conditions and enables them to steer and control medical devices such as electric powered wheelchairs. As spastic patients often suffer from cramping of their extremities, which can then no longer be controlled, using a standard joystick while operating a powered wheelchair can lead to dangerous situations. To prevent this, we designed a sensor based on strain gauges, which is shaped like a flat disc that can be operated using any body part...
April 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414161/metabolism-of-okadaic-acid-by-nadph-dependent-enzymes-present-in-human-or-rat-liver-s9-fractions-results-in-different-toxic-effects
#10
Franziska Kolrep, Kathleen Rein, Alfonso Lampen, Stefanie Hessel
The lipophilic marine biotoxin okadaic acid (OA) represents a natural contaminant produced by algae accumulating in seafood. Acute intoxications result in diarrhetic shellfish poisoning causing symptoms like nausea, vomiting and abdominal cramps. OA was preincubated with liver enzymes present in S9 fractions from humans, rats and rats pretreated with enzyme inducers in the presence or absence of the cofactor NADPH to investigate hepatic metabolism. Cytotoxicity was examined in HepG2 cells and metabolites of OA were determined by LC-MS/MS...
April 14, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413421/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-plus-vitamin-d-on-leg-cramps-in-pregnant-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ameneh Mansouri, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi, Moslem Najafi
BACKGROUND: This study intended to determine the effects of Vitamin D and calcium-Vitamin D in treating leg cramps in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial on 126 participants, 18-35-year-old pregnant women with a minimum of two leg cramps per week who were referred to health-care centers in Tabriz-Iran in 2013. The participants were allocated to three 42 member groups using a randomized block design...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408004/development-of-the-diary-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptoms-to-assess-treatment-benefit-in-clinical-trials-foundational-qualitative-research
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sheri E Fehnel, Claire M Ervin, Robyn T Carson, Gianna Rigoni, Jeffrey M Lackner, Stephen Joel Coons
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain and alterations in bowel habits. Three subtypes are defined on the basis of stool patterns: diarrhea-predominant IBS, constipation-predominant IBS, and alternating or mixed IBS. OBJECTIVES: To develop patient-reported outcome measures for qualification by the Food and Drug Administration to support product approvals and labeling in IBS; the article focuses on the qualitative research that provided the foundation for the new measures...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406887/hospitalizations-for-crohn-s-disease-united-states-2003-2013
#13
Christopher A Malarcher, Anne G Wheaton, Yong Liu, Sujay F Greenlund, Suraj J Greenlund, Hua Lu, Janet B Croft
In 2009, an estimated 565,000 Americans had Crohn's disease (1), an inflammatory bowel disorder that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms include persistent diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, constipation leading to bowel obstruction, and rectal bleeding.* Symptoms sometimes intensify in severity and require hospitalization and surgeries of the small intestine, colon, or rectum (2). Hospital discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) were used to estimate U...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393050/how-do-the-virulence-factors-of-shigella-work-together-to-cause-disease
#14
REVIEW
Emily Mattock, Ariel J Blocker
Shigella is the major cause of bacillary dysentery world-wide. It is divided into four species, named S. flexneri, S. sonnei, S. dysenteriae, and S. boydii, which are distinct genomically and in their ability to cause disease. Shigellosis, the clinical presentation of Shigella infection, is characterized by watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever. Shigella's ability to cause disease has been attributed to virulence factors, which are encoded on chromosomal pathogenicity islands and the virulence plasmid...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388071/structural-and-mechanistic-differences-in-mixed-linker-zeolitic-imidazolate-framework-synthesis-by-solvent-assisted-linker-exchange-and-de-novo-routes
#15
Krishna C Jayachandrababu, David S Sholl, Sankar Nair
Mixed-linker zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) are a subclass of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) amenable to significant property tuning by altering the functional groups on the imidazolate linkers. Solvent assisted linker exchange (SALE) and de novo synthesis of mixed-linker ZIFs have been demonstrated, but the differences in structural properties-most importantly the linker distributions-and synthesis mechanisms of these two different types of hybrid ZIFs are unknown. In this work, a combination of (1)H NMR combined rotation and multiple pulse spectroscopy (CRAMPS), water adsorption, and nitrogen measurements reveal distinct differences in linker mixing between SALE and de novo ZIF-8-90 hybrids...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387536/case-study-hydration-intervention-improves-pre-game-hydration-status-in-female-collegiate-soccer-players
#16
Neele R Hoerner, Kirsten Domnik, Karsten Koehler, Wilhelm Schaenzer, Hans Braun
Little is known about whether athletes follow hydration guidelines. The objective of the present study was to assess fluid status in female soccer players in a hot and humid environment, and to assess the effect of an intervention aimed at preventing players from exercising in a dehydrated state. We hypothesized that following the intervention, players would exhibit improved hydration status, as indicated by greater voluntary fluid intake and improved hydration markers. Ten female collegiate soccer players (20±1yrs...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373772/infection-does-not-increase-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis-treated-with-corticosteroids
#17
Ashwin D Dhanda, Ashish Sinha, Vicky Hunt, Sarah Saleem, Matthew E Cramp, Peter L Collins
AIM: To determine whether infection in patients with acute severe alcoholic hepatitis (AAH) treated with corticosteroids is associated with increased mortality. METHODS: Consecutive patients with AAH were treated with steroids and recruited to the study. Clinically relevant infections (body temperature > 38 °C or < 36 °C for more than 4 h, ascitic neutrophil count > 0.25 ×10(9)/L, consolidation on chest radiograph or clinically relevant positive microbiological culture of bodily fluid) were recorded prospectively...
March 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366522/diagnostic-yield-of-lumbosacral-magnetic-resonance-imaging-requested-by-paediatric-urology-consultations
#18
M Fernández-Ibieta, J Rojas Ticona, V Villamil, M J Guirao Piñera, A López García, G Zambudio Carmona
OBJECTIVES: In the historical series, the diagnostic yield of lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging to rule out occult spinal dysraphism (or occult myelodysplasia), requested by paediatric urology, ranged from 2% to 15%. The aim of this study was to define our cost-effectiveness in children with urinary symptoms and to define endpoints that increase the possibility of finding occult spinal dysraphism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A screening was conducted on patients with urinary dysfunction for whom an magnetic resonance imaging was requested by the paediatric urology clinic, for persistent symptoms after treatment, voiding dysfunction or other clinical or urodynamic findings...
March 30, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363614/acute-symptomatic-hypocalcemia-from-immune-checkpoint-therapy-induced-hypoparathyroidism
#19
Myint Aung Win, Kyaw Zin Thein, Aiham Qdaisat, Sai-Ching Jim Yeung
BACKGROUND: Ipilimumab (a monoclonal antibody against CTLA-4) and nivolumab (a humanized antibody against PD-1) target these immune checkpoint pathways and are used for treatment of melanoma and an increasing number of other cancers. However, they may cause immune-related adverse effects (IRAEs). Although many endocrinopathies are known to be IRAEs, primary hypoparathyroidism with severe hypocalcemia has never been reported. This is the first case of hypoparathyroidism as an IRAE presenting to an Emergency Department with acute hypocalcemia...
February 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348764/first-reported-case-of-campylobacter-lanienae-enteritis-in-a-human
#20
Simon Lévesque, Frédéric Lemay, Sadjia Bekal, Eric H Frost, Sophie Michaud
INTRODUCTION: Campylobacters are the most frequently identified bacteria causing diarrhoea in humans worldwide. Campylobacter lanienae was isolated for the first time in 2000 from faecal samples of two asymptomatic abattoir workers in Switzerland during a routine hygiene screen, but has never been associated with human disease. CASE PRESENTATION: At hospital admission, the patient reported diarrhoea, lower abdominal cramps, nausea, one episode of bilious vomiting and low-grade fever of 38 °C...
June 2016: JMM Case Reports
keyword
keyword
43634
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"