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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100140/human-rights-and-dignity-behind-bars
#1
Tina Maschi, Marina Richter
Death and dying in prisons constitute a topic of growing importance across the globe. Based on the contributions made in this special issue, we reflect on current debates and outline recommendations for dialogue and practice. Scientific dialogue across the Atlantic, and across the globe, provides insights into different national carceral systems and their ways of dealing with end of life behind bars. At the same time, the comparison also helps to identify basic needs and practices that can work in various settings...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096009/perceptions-of-dying-well-and-distressing-death-by-acute-care-nurses
#2
Christine A Becker, Greg Wright, Kristen Schmit
AIM: This study aims to identify perceptions of nurses practicing in four adult inpatient units regarding their actions to provide quality end of life care for dying patients, their definitions of dying well, and their symptoms of distress and actions they took for relief. BACKGROUND: Nurses caring for patients who are dying want them to have the best death possible; however, many nurses are not prepared for every death which may occur. METHODS: Qualitative questionnaire data were collected from 49 nurses on four adult inpatient nursing units to analyze nurse perceptions of distressing death and dying well...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004169/comparison-of-inversion-flipping-rates-among-different-port-designs-a-single-center-experience
#3
Vahid Etezadi, Scott O Trerotola
PURPOSE: To compare incidence of port inversion among different types of implantable venous access devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of patients who underwent imaging-guided subcutaneous port placement without port fixation between July 2001 and April 2015 were reviewed with use of a quality assurance database. 1930 patients with complete follow-up (death or explant) were included in the study. Collected data included date and indication for port placement, port type, venous access site, immediate and long-term complications, indication for removal, and total number of catheter days...
December 21, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931842/quality-end-of-life-cancer-care-an-overdue-imperative
#4
REVIEW
Guy B Faguet
This review assesses the current status of end-of-life care based on large-scale, multiyear nationwide surveys of treatment modality, setting, and cost of care during terminal patients' last months of life. It shows that end-of-life care goals often remain suboptimal. Contributing factors include prioritized life preservation, uneven commitment to palliative care, few palliative care specialists, and perverse financial incentives that encourage costly interventions. Although not determinant per se, these factors coupled to doubts about what constitutes end-of-life can lead to overextended disease treatment and a late implementation of palliative care...
December 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888715/making-a-case-for-controlled-organ-donation-after-cardiac-death-the-story-of-italy-s-first-experience
#5
Marco Vergano, Emma Magavern, Francesca Baroncelli, Valeria Frisenda, Alessia Fonsato, Diego Artusio, Carlo Alberto Castioni, Maria Elena De Piero, Massimo Abelli, Elena Ticozzelli, Sergio Livigni
Donation after circulatory death (DCD) is a valuable option for the procurement of organs for transplantation. In Italy, organ procurement after controlled DCD is legally and ethically conceivable within the current legislative framework. However, although formal impediments do not exist, the health care team is faced with many obstacles that may hinder the implementation of such programs. We report the case of Italy's first controlled DCD, specifically discussing the role of the patient's family in the shared decision-making process...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833177/dignity-reevaluated-a-theological-examination-of-human-dignity-and-the-role-of-the-church-in-bioethics-and-end-of-life-care
#6
Quentin I T Genuis
Predominant among the terminological ambiguities that plague contemporary bioethics is confusion attending the meaning of the term "human dignity," particularly as it applies to so-called end-of-life discussions. This study surveys current trends in treatment of the concept of dignity, examining relevant thinkers who see dignity as redundant or as capability-dependent. These inadequate views are contrasted with an attitude, based theologically in Mark 5, that understands human dignity to represent an absolute characteristic that is donated graciously to all bearers of imago Dei...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770068/death-with-dignity-in-washington-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#7
Leo H Wang, Michael A Elliott, Lily Jung Henson, Elba Gerena-Maldonado, Susan Strom, Sharon Downing, Jennifer Vetrovs, Paige Kayihan, Piper Paul, Kate Kennedy, Joshua O Benditt, Michael D Weiss
OBJECTIVES: To describe the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients who sought medication under the Washington State Death with Dignity (DWD) Act since its inception in 2009. METHODS: Chart review at 3 tertiary medical centers in the Seattle/Puget Sound region and comparison to publicly available data of ALS and all-cause DWD cohorts from Washington and Oregon. RESULTS: In Washington State, 39 patients with ALS requested DWD from the University of Washington, Virginia Mason, and Swedish Medical Centers beginning in 2009...
November 15, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763399/vsed-death-with-dignity-or-without
#8
Mark Corbett
Conceivably, in an ideal world, all patients with a life-limiting illness would receive optimal hospice and palliative care so that no one would ever wish to hasten their own death. The reality, however, is that despite provision of optimal hospice and palliative care, individuals with terminal illness experience suffering, loss of meaning, or deterioration in quality of life to the extent where they express the desire to expedite the dying process. While there has been extensive discussion surrounding physician-assisted death (PAD), there has been less attention paid to the practice of voluntary stopping eating and drinking (VSED) near the end of life...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741348/the-rights-of-the-dying-child-and-the-duties-of-healthcare-providers-the-trieste-charter
#9
Franca Benini, Roberta Vecchi, Pierina Lazzarin, Momcilo Jankovic, Luciano Orsi, Luca Manfredini, Paola Drigo, Valentina Sellaroli, Michele Gangemi, Marco Spizzichino, Marcello Orzalesi
PURPOSE: The death of a child is a devastating and tragic event for all those involved. This charter aims to help healthcare workers and people assisting terminally ill children to recognize some important rights of the child, with some related suggestions. We consider it important to have a trace of this process, based on the skillfulness of long-lasting experts. METHODS: In September 2012, a group of professionals working with children affected by incurable illness in Italy launched a project to formulate the charter...
October 8, 2016: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709454/death-with-dignity-from-the-confucian-perspective
#10
Yaming Li, Jianhui Li
Death with dignity is a significant issue in modern bioethics. In modern healthcare, the wide use of new technologies at the end of life has caused heated debate on how to protect human dignity. The key point of contention lies in the different understandings of human dignity and the dignity of death. Human dignity has never been a clear concept in Western ethical explorations, and the dignity of death has given rise to more confusions. Although there is no such term as "dignity" in Confucian ethics, there are discussions of a number of ideas related to human dignity and the dignity of death...
October 5, 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680766/patients-perspectives-on-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-peritonitis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-a-semi-structured-interview-study
#11
Denise J Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Mudge, Fiona G Brown, Germaine Wong, Allison Tong
♦ BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is recommended for adults with residual kidney function and without significant comorbidities. However, peritonitis is a serious and common complication that is associated with hospitalization, pain, catheter loss, and death. This study aims to describe the beliefs, needs, and experiences of PD patients about peritonitis, to inform the training, support, and care of these patients. ♦ METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 29 patients from 3 renal units in Australia who had previous or current experience of PD...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522539/-the-meaning-of-dying-with-dignity-from-caregivers-perspective-a-phenomenological-study
#12
Olivia Ibáñez-Masero, Ángela M Ortega-Galán, M Inés Carmona-Rega, M Dolores Ruiz-Fernández, José Cabrera-Troya, Rogelio García-Cisneros, Fernando Relinque Medina
OBJECTIVE: To explore the meaning of dying with dignity from the perspective of the direct witnesses who have accompanied this process in dying people from Andalusia. METHOD: Phenomenological study conducted in different centres, which including analysing the transcriptions of the dialogues from discussion groups with 40 participants in five provinces in Southern Spain. The data was analysed using the Van Manen proposal and Atlas Ti 7.0 program was applied as a software tool...
November 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437529/water-and-sanitation-standards-in-humanitarian-action
#13
REVIEW
Murat Ersel
The right to water and sanitation is an inextricable human right. Water and sanitation are critical determinants for survival in the initial stages of a disaster. An adequate amount of safe water is necessary to prevent death from dehydration, to reduce the risk of water-related disease and to provide for consumption, cooking and personal and domestic hygienic requirements. The main objective of WASH - (Water supply, Sanitation and Hygenie promotion) programmes in disasters is to reduce the transmission of faeco-oral diseases and exposure to disease-bearing vectors through the promotion of: good hygiene practices, the provision of safe drinking water, the reduction of environmental health risks, the conditions that allow people to a healthy life with dignity, comfort and security...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417106/reconnecting-with-oneself-while-struggling-between-life-and-death-the-phenomenon-of-recovery-as-experienced-by-persons-at-risk-of-suicide
#14
Linda Sellin, Margareta Asp, Tuula Wallsten, Lena Wiklund Gustin
The body of knowledge regarding health and recovery as experienced by patients at risk of suicide is limited. More research is needed into the meaning of recovery and what strengthens the desire to live. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of recovery in a context of nursing care as experienced by persons at risk of suicide. In line with a reflective lifeworld research approach, 14 patients from a psychiatric clinic in Sweden participated in phenomenon-oriented interviews. Data were analyzed to describe the essence of the phenomenon...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399006/opinions-of-members-of-the-national-civil-family-proceedings-and-criminal-courts-in-withholding-or-withdrawing-of-life-support-situations-in-pediatrics
#15
Jorge O Selandari, María S Ciruzzi, Adriel J Roitman, Fernanda Ledesma, Célica Menéndez, Hernán O García
INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child...
August 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355820/statement-of-the-declaration-of-istanbul-custodian-group-regarding-payments-to-families-of-deceased-organ-donors
#16
Alexander Morgan Capron, Francis L Delmonico, Beatriz Dominguez-Gil, Dominique Elizabeth Martin, Gabriel M Danovitch, Jeremy Chapman
Governmental and private programs that pay next of kin who give permission for the removal of their deceased relative's organs for transplantation exist in a number of countries. Such payments, which may be given to the relatives or paid directly for funeral expenses or hospital bills unrelated to being a donor, aim to increase the rate of donation. The Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group-in alignment with the World Health Organization Guiding Principles and the Council of Europe Convention Against Trafficking in Human Organs-has adopted a new policy statement opposing such practices...
September 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348826/healthcare-in-australia
#17
Sally Dalton-Brown
No single issue has dominated health practitioners' ethical debates in 2014 in Australia, but a controversial decision on gene patenting and the media focus on "Dr. Death," euthanasia campaigner Dr. Philip Nitschke, have given new life to these two familiar (and global) debates. Currently a dying with dignity bill, drafted by the Australian Green Party, is under examination. The Senate inquiry into the bill received more than 663 submissions, with 57% opposed and 43% in support of the bill, which has now been referred to a Senate committee...
July 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27304422/from-advance-euthanasia-directive-to-euthanasia-stable-preference-in-older-people
#18
Eva E Bolt, H Roeline W Pasman, Dorly J H Deeg, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether older people with advance directive for euthanasia (ADEs) are stable in their advance desire for euthanasia in the last years of life, how frequently older people with an ADE eventually request euthanasia, and what factors determine this. DESIGN: Mortality follow-back study nested in a cohort study. SETTING: The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Proxies of deceased members of a cohort representative of Dutch older people (n = 168) and a cohort of people with advance directives (n = 154)...
August 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274205/typology-of-end-of-life-priorities-in-saudi-females-averaging-analysis-and-q-methodology
#19
Muhammad M Hammami, Safa Hammami, Hala A Amer, Nesrine A Khodr
BACKGROUND: Understanding culture-and sex-related end-of-life preferences is essential to provide quality end-of-life care. We have previously explored end-of-life choices in Saudi males and found important culture-related differences and that Q-methodology is useful in identifying intraculture, opinion-based groups. Here, we explore Saudi females' end-of-life choices. METHODS: A volunteer sample of 68 females rank-ordered 47 opinion statements on end-of-life issues into a nine-category symmetrical distribution...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233143/spiritual-needs-of-families-with-bereavement-and-loss-of-an-infant-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-qualitative-study
#20
Narges Sadeghi, Marzieh Hasanpour, Mohamad Heidarzadeh, Aliakbar Alamolhoda, Elisha Waldman
CONTEXT: The hospital is a place full of distress and questions about the meaning of life. The death of a child can cause a spiritual struggle and crisis. Therefore, it is necessary for health care providers in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to assess the spiritual needs of families that have lost a child. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the spiritual needs of families in Iran at the end of their baby's life and through bereavement in the NICU...
July 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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