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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766728/-euthanasia-legal-comparison-in-selected-european-countries
#1
Adam Doležal
This article deals with the subject of euthanasia (all its forms) and other end-of-life decisions, such as assisted suicide, withdrawing and whithholding life-sustaining treatments. Among other things, the article will also deal with the issue of the offense of Homicide by the Victims Request. Based on an empirical historical method, the article compares the various selected legal orders. From this analysis, it draws some conclusions that have an impact on ethical discourse. First of all, the terminology is defined in the article, which is very important in this area...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757007/a-community-based-qualitative-assessment-of-knowledge-barriers-and-promoters-of-communicating-about-family-cancer-history-among-african-americans
#2
Anne F Rositch, Rebkha Atnafou, Melinda Krakow, Gypsyamber D'Souza
Family cancer history (FCH) can shape prevention and early detection behaviors to decrease cancer risk. However, many individuals are unaware of increased risk for cancers based on family patterns. For some African-American communities, communication about FCH is rare and barriers have not been well studied. To optimize the use of FCH, it is crucial to understand how patients gather and share FCH with relatives and healthcare providers. We conducted four focus groups (n = 40) and seven key informant interviews (n = 9) to investigate knowledge, experiences, and barriers/promoters of FCH in the East Baltimore African-American community...
May 14, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742044/end-of-life-decision-making-in-palliative-care-and-recommendations-of-the-council-of-europe-qualitative-secondary-analysis-of-interviews-and-observation-field-notes
#3
Sandra Martins Pereira, Emília Fradique, Pablo Hernández-Marrero
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decisions (ELDs) are embedded in clinical, sociocultural, political, economic, and ethical concerns. In 2014, the Council of Europe (CoE) through its Committee on Bioethics launched the "Guide on the decision-making process regarding medical treatment in end-of-life situations," aiming at improving decision-making processes and empowering professionals in making ELDs. OBJECTIVE: To analyze if end-of-life decision making in palliative care (PC) is consistent with this Guide and to identify if disputed/controversial issues are part of current ELDs...
May 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698261/death-with-dignity
#4
Jackie S
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698260/death-with-dignity
#5
Lisa V S
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668791/spirituality-in-palliative-care-experiences-of-an-interdisciplinary-team
#6
Isabel Cristina de Oliveira Arrieira, Maira Buss Thofehrn, Adrize Rutz Porto, Pedro Márlon Martter Moura, Caroline Lemos Martins, Michelle Barboza Jacondino
Objective To understand the experience of spirituality in the daily routine of a palliative care interdisciplinary team. Method A qualitative study was conducted with an oncological palliative care team in southern Brazil. The data was collected through phenomenological interviews in 2014, and interpreted using a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Results Six professionals participated in the study. Spiritually-related activities, such as prayer and providing comprehensive care, were useful therapeutic resources for offering comfort, survival with dignity and humanization of death, in addition to helping the team and patients understand the end-of-life process and search for meaning in the suffering caused by illness...
2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573054/relational-ethics-of-delirium-care-findings-from-a-hospice-ethnography
#7
David Kenneth Wright, Susan Brajtman, Mary Ellen Macdonald
Delirium, a common syndrome in terminally ill people, presents specific challenges to a good death in end-of-life care. This paper examines the relational engagement between hospice nurses and their patients in a context of end-of-life delirium. Ethnographic fieldwork spanning 15 months was conducted at a freestanding residential hospice in eastern Canada. A shared value system was apparent within the nursing community of hospice; patients' comfort and dignity were deemed most at stake and therefore commanded nurses' primary attention...
March 24, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564473/-palliative-medicine-in-emergency-medical-services
#8
REVIEW
M Roessler, N Eulitz
The scope of emergency calls for emergency medical services staffed by an emergency physician (EMS-EP) includes calls to patients with life-limiting diseases. Symptom exacerbation as well as psychosocial overburdening of caring relatives are the most frequent reasons for activation of an EMS-EP. Pain crises, acute dyspnea, massive bleeding and/or an impending or overt cardiac arrest are the most frequent symptom exacerbations. Under the conditions of a prehospital emergency physician mission, particular challenges are the evaluation of the overall situation, the prognosis and the presumed will of the patient...
March 21, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512420/advanced-cancer-patients-perceptions-of-dignity-the-impact-of-psychologically-distressing-symptoms-and-preparatory-grief
#9
Sotiria Kostopoulou, Efi Parpa, Eleni Tsilika, Stylianos Katsaragakis, Irene Papazoglou, Anna Zygogianni, Antonis Galanos, Kyriaki Mystakidou
PURPOSE: The present study assesses the relationship between patient dignity in advanced cancer and the following variables: psychological distress, preparatory grief, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: The sample consisted of 120 patients with advanced cancer. The self-administered questionnaires were as follows: the Preparatory Grief in Advanced Cancer Patients (PGAC), the Patient Dignity Inventory-Greek (PDI-Gr), the Greek Schedule for Attitudes toward Hastened Death (G-SAHD), and the Greek version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (G-HADS)...
April 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482542/matters-to-address-prior-to-introducing-new-life-support-technology-in-japan-three-serious-ethical-concerns-related-to-the-use-of-left-ventricular-assist-devices-as-destination-therapy-and-suggested-policies-to-deal-with-them
#10
Atsushi Asai, Sakiko Masaki, Taketoshi Okita, Aya Enzo, Yasuhiro Kadooka
BACKGROUND: Destination therapy (DT) is the permanent implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in patients with end-stage, severe heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. DT improves both the quality of life and prognosis of patients with end-stage heart failure. However, there are also downsides to DT such as life-threatening complications and the potential for the patient to live beyond their desired length of life following such major complications...
February 27, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470226/death-with-dignity-and-love
#11
Laurie Barkin
A nurse takes on a challenging new role at her ailing father's request.
March 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458082/beyond-pain-nurses-assessment-of-patient-suffering-dignity-and-dying-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#12
Amanda Su, Lindsay Lief, David Berlin, Zara Cooper, Daniel Ouyang, John Holmes, Renee Maciejewski, Paul K Maciejewski, Holly G Prigerson
CONTEXT: Deaths in the intensive care unit (ICU) are increasingly common in the U.S., yet little is known about patients' experiences at the end of life in the ICU. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine nurse assessment of symptoms experienced, and care received by ICU patients in their final week, and their associations with nurse-perceived suffering and dignity. METHODS: From September 2015 to March 2017, nurses who cared for 200 ICU patients who died were interviewed about physical and psychosocial dimensions of patients' experiences...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450455/oregon-s-death-with-dignity-act-reply
#13
Charles Blanke, Lee Ellis, Frank Meyskens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450451/oregon-s-death-with-dignity-act
#14
Sarah K Sperling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421848/characterization-conservation-and-loss-of-dignity-at-the-end-of-life-in-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-protocol
#15
Cayetano Fernández-Sola, José Granero-Molina, María Del Mar Díaz-Cortés, Francisca Rosa Jiménez-López, Pablo Roman-López, Encarnación Saez-Molina, Cayetano José Aranda-Torres, José María Muñoz-Terrón, María Paz García-Caro, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla
AIMS: To explore and understand the experiences of terminally ill patients and their relatives regarding dignity during end-of-life care in the emergency department. BACKGROUND: The respect given to the concept of dignity is significantly modifying the clinical relationship and the care framework involving the end-of-life patient in palliative care units, critical care units, hospices and their own homes. This situation is applicable to in-hospital emergency departments, where there is a lack of research which takes the experiences of end-of-life patients and their relatives into account...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412256/parliamentary-debates-on-death-with-dignity-in-argentina-the-rights-of-terminal-patients-on-the-legislative-agenda-1996-2012
#16
Juan Pedro Alonso, Agustina Villarejo, Eugenia Brage
This article examines the regulation on terminal patients' rights in Argentina at two points in time: the first attempts to regulate end-of-life rights (1996), and the "death with dignity" law passed by the National Congress (2011-2012). Comparative analysis allows us to observe variations among the individuals and situations included in the legislation, as well as in the conceptualization of autonomy and the interventions that is considered lawful refuse. The political context and the differential way that "death with dignity" entered the legislative agenda in each period determined the public's construction of the problem and thus the extent and result of the debates...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384746/day-to-day-issues-in-the-forensic-identification-practice-related-to-illegal-immigration-in-italy
#17
V Pinchi, M Focardi, F Pradella, R Grifoni, M Palandri, G A Norelli
The migratory flows to Europe from the African countries, Asia and Middle East, have hugely intensified in the recent years. In 2016, more than 98,000 out of a total of 260,000 migrants across the Mediterranean Sea arrived in Italy and in May 2017, the trend of arrivals is: Italy +576%; Greece -39% compared to previous years. Some migrants die before touching the sole of the European continent, during the crossing, often afforded with ships, made available by unscrupulous smugglers or criminal organizations, which are unsuitable for this type of transportation...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336907/a-palliative-approach-to-falls-in-advanced-dementia
#18
REVIEW
Andrea Iaboni, Karen Van Ooteghem, Meghan N Marcil, Amy Cockburn, Alastair J Flint, Daphna Grossman, Ron Keren
Falls are viewed as a preventable cause of injury, functional loss, and death in older adults with dementia, and have been used as a marker of quality of care in long-term care facilities. Despite intensive intervention around fall prevention in these settings, falls and injury remain frequent, particularly among residents in the advanced stages of dementia. In this clinical review, we consider the common challenges and pitfalls in both the management of falls and the provision of palliative care in advanced dementia...
April 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301481/public-awareness-of-palliative-care-in-sweden
#19
Caroline Westerlund, Carol Tishelman, Inger Benkel, Carl Johan Fürst, Ulla Molander, Birgit H Rasmussen, Sylvia Sauter, Olav Lindqvist
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the awareness of palliative care (PC) in a general Swedish population. DESIGN: We developed an e-survey based on a similar study conducted in Northern Ireland, consisting of 10 questions. Closed questions were primarily analyzed using descriptive statistics. Open questions were subject to inductive qualitative analysis. SUBJECTS: The study utilized a population sample of 7684 persons aged 18-66, of which 2020 responded, stratified by gender, age and region...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281562/moral-frames-for-lives-worth-living-managing-the-end-of-life-with-dementia
#20
Natashe Lemos Dekker
Narratives that frame the end of life with dementia as undignified reveal moral claims on which lives are considered worth living. These claims are deeply rooted in the medicalization of death and its appeal to dignity. Drawing from ethnographic fieldwork in nursing homes for people with dementia in The Netherlands, I demonstrate how the end of life with dementia is managed through such moral frames. Specifically, I elaborate on the production of lives (not) worth living and explore how family members welcomed the death of a loved one with dementia...
May 2018: Death Studies
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