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Horizontal violence

Yves Lafort, Letitia Greener, Faustino Lessitala, Sophie Chabeda, Ross Greener, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sally Griffin, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
OBJECTIVES: To enhance uptake of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services by female sex workers (FSWs), we conducted an implementation study in which we piloted and tested context-specific 'diagonal' interventions, combining vertical, targeted interventions with horizontally improved access to the general health services, in three cities in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We collected indicators of SRH service uptake through face-to-face interviews with approximately 400 FSWs, pre- and post-intervention, in Durban, South Africa; Tete, Mozambique; and Mombasa, Kenya, recruited by respondent-driven sampling...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Aline Almeida Bentes, Cibele Comini César, César Coelho Xavier, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Fernando Augusto Proietti
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is the general perception of an individual's own health and a key indicator to measure health in population-based studies. Few studies have examined the association between perceived urban violence and SRH among young adults. There were an estimated 475,000 deaths in 2012 as a result of homicide on the world. Sixty percent of these deaths occurred among males aged 15-44 years, making homicide the third leading cause of death for this population group...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Nonkosi Selanto-Chairman, Daniel Ter Goon, Gerry Boon, Yusimi Ordaz Fuentes, George Justus Hofmeyr, Gordana Avramovic, Craig Carty, John Lambert
OBJECTIVES: Drawing from a baseline sample of a cohort study, the study examines the extent and correlates of serostatus non-disclosure to sex partners and family members, and reasons for non-disclosure among HIV-infected pregnant women in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study recruited 1709 pregnant women living with HIV who attended three of the largest maternity centres in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, for delivery between September 2015 and May 2016...
2017: PloS One
Poliana Cristina Rocha, Dálian Cristina Rocha, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To investigate the association between functional health literacy and sociodemographic factors, quality of life, self-perception of health, and perception of contexts of violence in adolescents in state schools in Belo Horizonte. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical observational study with a probabilistic sample of 384 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old. Data collection was carried out in schools and included self-reporting questionnaires to assess the functional health literacy, socioeconomic classification, self-perceived health, and quality of life...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
Rosemary A Taylor, Steven S Taylor
AIM: To suggest an alternative approach to improving recognition of horizontal violence using enactor types identified in a study exploring nurses' perceptions of horizontal violence. BACKGROUND: Horizontal violence is an umbrella term used to describe a range of aggressive behaviours between nurse colleagues. It is suggested that nurses do not recognize the phenomenon when they witness or experience it, contributing to its perpetuation. DESIGN: This was a qualitative, descriptive study undertaken to inform theory development and the design of future interventions to address horizontal violence...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Raquel Batista Dantas, Graziella Lage Oliveira, Andréa Maria Silveira
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale to identify risk of domestic violence against older adults in Brazil. METHODS: The instrument was adapted and validated in a sample of 151 older adults from a geriatric reference center in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, in 2014. We collected sociodemographic, clinical, and abuse-related information, and verified reliability by reproducibility in a sample of 55 older people, who underwent re-testing of the instrument seven days after the first application...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
Branko Gabrovec
Violence toward nursing staff occurs frequently, particularly in intensive care units and closed or intensive psychiatric facilities, which have been studied previously. However, violence toward community nurses has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to explore the frequency of violence toward community nurses in Slovenia. More than 56% of study respondents were verbally abused by their patients during the past year. More than 42% of all cases of horizontal violence were directed at community nurses...
November 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
Nico B Volz, Ryan Fringer, Bradford Walters, Terry Kowalenko
INTRODUCTION: Horizontal violence (HV) is malicious behavior perpetrated by healthcare workers against each other. These include bullying, verbal or physical threats, purposeful disruptive behavior, and other malicious behaviors. This pilot study investigates the prevalence of HV among emergency department (ED) attending physicians, residents, and mid-level providers (MLPs). METHODS: We sent an electronic survey to emergency medicine attending physicians (n=67), residents (n=25), and MLPs (n=24) in three unique EDs within a single multi-hospital medical system...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Alexis Crabtree, Nicole Latham, Lorna Bird, Jane Buxton
BACKGROUND: Drug users' organizations have made progress in recent years in advocating for the health and human rights of people who use illicit drugs but have historically not emphasized the needs of people who drink alcohol. METHODS: This paper reports on a qualitative participatory needs assessment with people who use illicit substances in British Columbia, Canada. We held workshops in 17 communities; these were facilitated by people who use illicit drugs, recorded with ethnographic fieldnotes, and analyzed using critical theory...
December 9, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Joy Longo, Linda Cassidy, Rose Sherman
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Manjunath Maruti Pol, K Shiv Krishna Prasad, Vishant Deo, Madhur Uniyal
Penetrating cardiac injury (PCI) is gradually increasing in developing countries owing to large-scale manufacturing of illegal country-made weapons. These injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Logistically it is difficult to have all organ-based specialists arrive together and attend every critically injured patient round-the-clock in developing countries. It is therefore important for doctors (physicians, surgeons and anaesthetists) to be trained for adequate management of critically injured patients following trauma...
September 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Donna Brown, Brendan McCormack
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore holistic facilitation as an approach to enable the healthcare team to critically analyse practice and enhance patient care. BACKGROUND: Globally, the challenge of changing healthcare practices for enhanced patient care is the focus of much attention. Facilitation is emerging as an important approach to assist healthcare teams to explore and improve their practice. Within the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework, which has been tested in an international arena, facilitation is a key element of operationalising collaborative changes in practice...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Stefano Bambi, Enrico Lumini, Giovanni Becattini, Alberto Lucchini, Laura Rasero
INTRODUCTION: Bullying and horizontal violence are particular features of workplace violence, currently under the attention of professional organizations in the nursing world. OBJECTIVE: To highlight the spread of the phenomenon, the characteristics, consequences and possible solutions. METHODS: Literature review through Medline and CINAHL databases using the following keywords: "lateral", "horizontal", "hostility", "bullying", "workplace bullying," "violence" "nursing"...
January 2016: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Michela Luciani, Valentina Spedale, Monica Romanenghi, Candida Ester Villa, Davide Ausili, Stefania Di Mauro
UNLABELLED: Violence towards nurses is a widespread phenomenon in Italy about which statistics are lacking. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of violence towards nurses in a health care structure in the north of Italy. METHOD: An observational cross-sectional study. Data were collected anonymously with a questionnaire developed by Zampieron et al. (2010) on a stratified sample of 198 nurses working in a major Italian Hospital in the Lombardy Region...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Karen M Parker, Ann Harrington, Charlene M Smith, Kathleen F Sellers, Linda Millenbach
Horizontal violence (HV) is prevalent in nursing. However, few strategies are identified to address this phenomenon that undermines communication and patient safety. Nurses at an acute care hospital implemented multiple interventions to address HV resulting in increased knowledge of hospital policies regarding HV, and significantly (p < .05) less HV prevalence than was reported by nurses in other organizations throughout New York State. With the aid and oversight of nursing professional development specialists, evidence-based interventions to address HV were developed including policies, behavioral performance reviews, and staff/manager educational programs...
March 2016: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
Gina Myers, Denise Côté-Arsenault, Priscilla Worral, Roberta Rolland, Denise Deppoliti, Elizabeth Duxbury, Martiel Stoecker, Kathleen Sellers
AIM: To explore nurses' experiences of horizontal violence (HV) in three diverse non-affiliated organisations within a single city in the USA. BACKGROUND: Horizontal violence, also called workplace bullying or lateral violence, is a long-standing nursing issue. METHOD: Content analysis was used to analyse open-format textual responses from 126 registered nurses. RESULTS: A powerful collective story emerged from nurses' shared experiences with HV, describing the characters and the setting in which HV and its consequences exist...
July 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
Hossein Ebrahimi, Hadi Hassankhani, Reza Negarandeh, Carol Jeffrey, Azim Azizi
BACKGROUND: Ethical studies in nursing are very important topics, and it is particularly crucial with vulnerable populations such as new graduated nurses. Neglecting ethical principles and violence toward graduates can lead to their occupational burnout, job dissatisfaction, and leaving the nursing profession. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed with the aim of understanding the experience of Iranian experienced nurses' use of lateral and horizontal violence against new graduated nurses...
September 2017: Nursing Ethics
Judith M Horrigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Evidence-based Nursing
Daiana Elias Rodrigues, Cibele Comini César, César Coelho Xavier, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Fernando Augusto Proietti
The aim of this study was to determine and quantify the association between one's perception of the place of residence and self-rated health. 4,048 adult residents of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, participated in the study in 2008 and 2009. Ordinal logistic regression was used to estimate the magnitude of the association. Health was rated as good or very good, fair, or poor or very poor by 65.7%, 27.8%, and 6.5% of the subjects, respectively. Better self-rated health was associated with the following neighborhood characteristics: positive evaluation of aesthetics and mobility, better quality of public services, less physical and social disorder...
November 2015: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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