keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nasality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922579/evaluating-real-time-effects-of-topical-1-1000-epinephrine-in-endoscopic-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-on-hemodynamic-parameters-through-intraoperative-arterial-line-monitoring
#1
Michael T Yim, Omar G Ahmed, Masayoshi Takashima
BACKGROUND: Administration of topical 1:1000 epinephrine is commonly used in practice to achieve vasoconstriction during endoscopic sinus surgery and skull-base surgery; however, real-time effects on cardiovascular changes from systemic absorption have not been well studied. METHODS: Twenty-six patients undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary lesion at a single institution were included into the study. Following arterial line placement by anesthesiology, 6 cottonoid pledgets soaked in 1:1000 epinephrine were placed into the bilateral nasal passages...
September 18, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922332/evaluation-of-corneal-neovascularization-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-limbal-stem-cell-deficiency
#2
Yoshinori Oie, Kohji Nishida
PURPOSE: Detection of the exact area of corneal neovascularization using slit-lamp photography is often difficult. Thus, we evaluated corneal neovascularization in patients with limbal stem cell deficiency using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Five patients with 5 eyes showing partial or total limbal stem cell deficiency were enrolled. Three eyes had severe corneal scarring. Five 6- × 6-mm images (frontal, upper, lower, nasal, and temporal) were obtained by OCTA...
September 14, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922269/extubation-failure-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-following-first-stage-single-ventricle-reconstruction-operation
#3
Thomas Scodellaro, Jane M McKenzie, Yves d'Udekem, Warwick Butt, Siva P Namachivayam
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence, causes, risk factors, and outcomes associated with extubation failure following first stage single ventricle reconstruction surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of neonates who underwent a first stage single ventricle reconstruction operation. Extubation failure was defined as endotracheal reintubation within 48 hours of first extubation attempt. SETTING: The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922249/impact-of-septoplasty-on-eustachian-tube-functions
#4
Metin Yüksel Akyildiz, Ömer Afşin Özmen, Uygar Levent Demir, Fikret Kasapoğlu, Hamdi Hakan Coşkun, Oğuz Ibrahim Basut, Deniz Siğirli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of nasal septum deviation (NSD) and septoplasty on eustachian tube (ET) functions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective controlled study and conducted in a tertiary referral center. A study group of 25 patients who were scheduled for septoplasty for NSD; and a control group of 25 healthy individuals having no ear or nose symptoms were formed. Tympanometric analysis of ET function, subjective and objective analysis of nasal functions with acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry were performed...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922060/risk-factors-for-nasal-colonization-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococci-in-healthy-humans-in-professional-daily-contact-with-companion-animals-in-portugal
#5
Ana Catarina Rodrigues, Adriana Belas, Cátia Marques, Luís Cruz, Luís T Gama, Constança Pomba
Methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS), namely Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP), are opportunistic agents of great importance in human and veterinary medicine. The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency, persistence, and risk factors associated with nasal colonization by MRS in people in daily contact with animals in Portugal. Seventy-nine out of 129 (61.2%) participants were found to be colonized by, at least, one methicillin-resistant (MR) staphylococci species (MR Staphylococcus epidermidis [n = 68], MRSA [n = 19], MR Staphylococcus haemolyticus [n = 7], MRSP [n = 2], and other coagulase-negative staphylococci [n = 4])...
September 18, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922056/secondary-defects-detected-by-transmission-electron-microscopy-in-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-diagnostics
#6
Mellisa Dixon, Amelia Shoemark
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is predominantly an autosomal recessively inherited condition that affects ~1 in 15,000 people. Diagnosis of PCD can be complex and is ordinarily based on the results of multiple investigations. These investigations include nasal nitric oxide, high-speed video microscopy, genotyping, and electron microscopy analysis of ciliary ultrastructure. A diagnosis is ultimately confirmed by the presence of a hallmark defect identified by transmission electron microscopy or biallelic variants in a known PCD gene...
September 18, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921849/effects-of-pre-surgical-nasoalveolar-moulding-on-maxillary-arch-and-nasal-form-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-before-lip-surgery
#7
T Fuchigami, N Kimura, T Kibe, M Tezuka, M S Amir, H Suga, Y Takemoto, M Hashiguchi, A Maeda-Iino, N Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of pre-surgical nasoalveolar moulding (PNAM) on the maxillary arch and nasal form in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: This is a retrospective case series study. The subjects were infants with complete UCLP who were treated with PNAM (n = 18) at Kagoshima University Medical and Dental Hospital (Japan) between 2006 and 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Maxillary dental casts and facial photographs were taken at the time of the first visit and immediately prior to lip surgery to evaluate the maxillary arch and nasal form changes...
September 18, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921617/re-traser-an-innovative-device-for-the-treatment-of-nasal-telangiectasias-lasers-in-surgery-and-medicine-2017-49-6-625-631
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921537/nasotracheal-intubation-over-a-bougie-vs-non-bougie-intubation-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial-in-older-children-and-adults-using-videolaryngoscopy
#9
R O Abrons, M B Zimmerman, Y M S El-Hattab
Conventionally, nasotracheal intubation has consisted of blind nasal passage and external manipulation of the tube through the glottis ('conventional technique'), a technique associated with a high incidence of nasal trauma. We evaluated a novel technique for routine asleep (i.e. post-induction) nasotracheal intubation using a bougie ('bougie technique'), which uses a nasopharyngeal airway to guide a paediatric bougie nasotracheally for use as a Seldinger tracheal intubation guide. Two hundred and fifty-seven older children (> 8 years) and adults were randomly assigned to videolaryngoscopy-assisted nasotracheal intubation using either the conventional or the bougie technique...
September 15, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921034/does-nasal-congestion-have-a-role-in-decreased-resistance-to-regular-cpap-usage
#10
Ayşe İriz, Mehmet Düzlü, Oğuz Köktürk, Yusuf Kemal Kemaloğlu, Fakih Cihat Eravcı, Mehmet Ekrem Zorlu, Recep Karamert
Nasal obstruction is known to cause resistance to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In this paper, short- and long-term nasal congestion in OSAS patients receiving CPAP treatment were evaluated with acoustic rhinometry (AR). A total of 36 patients with moderate-to-severe OSAS, diagnosed with polysomnography were included in the study. Ten healthy subjects without OSAS constituted the control group. Pre-treatment nasal patency were measured with AR in all participants...
September 18, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919709/puerarin-transport-across-rat-nasal-epithelial-cells-and-the-influence-of-compatibility-with-peoniflorin-and-menthol
#11
Lin Zhang, Shou-Ying Du, Yang Lu, Chang Liu, Hui-Chao Wu, Zhi-Hao Tian, Min Wang, Chang Yang
Nose-to-brain transport can provide an excellent pathway for drugs of the central nervous system. Consequently, how to make full use of this pathway in practical applications has become a focus of drug design. However, many aspects affecting drug delivery from the nose to the brain remain unclear. This study aimed to more deeply investigate the transport of puerarin and to explore the mechanism underlying the influence of compatible drugs on puerarin permeability in a primary cell model simulating the nasal mucosa...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918998/convex-bone-deformity-after-closed-reduction-of-nasal-bone-fracture
#12
Hiroshi Nishioka, Shoji Kondoh, Shunsuke Yuzuriha
BACKGROUND: Nasal fracture is the most common type of facial fracture treated by plastic surgeons. Here, we clarify the postoperative deformities that frequently remain after closed reduction of fresh nasal bone fracture by three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT). METHODS: Hundred consecutive cases of fresh nasal bone fracture in patients treated between May 2010 and January 2016 were examined. After closed reduction, the overall appearance of the arch formed by the nasal bone and maxillary process was evaluated as 'Excellent', 'Good' or 'Fair'...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918644/anti-ige-and-anti-il5-biologic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-nasal-polyposis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Alexander Rivero, Jonathan Liang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of biologic therapy on sinonasal symptoms and objective outcomes in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). METHODS: PubMed, OVID MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central were reviewed from 2000 to 2015. Inclusion criteria included English-language studies containing original data on biologic therapy in CRSwNP patients with reported outcome measures. Two investigators independently reviewed all manuscripts and performed quality assessment and quantitative meta-analysis using validated tools...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917988/a-comprehensive-screening-platform-for-aerosolizable-protein-formulations-for-intranasal-and-pulmonary-drug-delivery
#14
Martina Röhm, Stefan Carle, Frank Maigler, Johannes Flamm, Viktoria Kramer, Chrystelle Mavoungou, Otmar Schmid, Katharina Schindowski
Aerosolized administration of biopharmaceuticals to the airways is a promising route for nasal and pulmonary drug delivery, but - in contrast to small molecules - little is known about the effects of aerosolization on safety and efficacy of biopharmaceuticals. Proteins are sensitive against aerosolization-associated shear stress. Tailored formulations can shield proteins and enhance permeation, but formulation development requires extensive screening approaches. Thus, the aim of this study was to develop a cell-based in vitro technology platform that includes screening of protein quality after aerosolization and transepithelial permeation...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917968/the-effect-of-fennel-essential-oil-in-combination-with-antibiotics-on-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-isolated-from-carriers
#15
Paweł Kwiatkowski, Magdalena Mnichowska-Polanowska, Agata Pruss, Helena Masiuk, Małgorzata Dzięcioł, Stefania Giedrys-Kalemba, Monika Sienkiewicz
An increase in the number of staphylococcal infections and carriers among medical staff has forced us to seek more and more effective antibacterial agents. Bacteria from the Staphylococcus genus possessing different mechanisms of resistance are the cause of nosocomial infections. The objective of our investigations was susceptibility of S. aureus strains isolated from nasal vestibule of medical students to fennel essential oil. The GC-MS analysis of fennel essential oil revealed eleven constituents among which a majority of trans-anethole (80%) was found...
September 13, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917718/olfactory-toxicity-in-rats-following-manganese-chloride-nasal-instillation-a-pilot-study
#16
Melanie L Foster, Deepa B Rao, Taylor Francher, Samantha Traver, David C Dorman
Following inhalation, manganese travels along the olfactory nerve from the olfactory epithelium (OE) to the olfactory bulb (OB). Occupational exposure to inhaled manganese is associated with changes in olfactory function. This pilot study evaluated two related hypotheses: (a) intranasal manganese administration increases OE and OB manganese concentrations; and (b) intranasal manganese exposure impairs performance of previously trained rats on a go-no-go olfactory discrimination (OD) task. Male Fischer 344 rats were trained to either lever press ("go") in response to a positive conditioned stimulus (CS+: vanillin) or to do nothing ("no go") when a negative conditioned stimulus (CS-: amyl acetate) was present...
September 13, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917475/interdomal-sutures-for-nasal-tip-refinement-and-reduced-wound-size
#17
C Helen Malone, Joshua P Hays, Will E Tausend, Richard F Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917415/bilateral-corneal-epithelial-macrocysts-following-hyperopic-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#18
Mahmoud O Jaroudi, Carole G Cherfan, Shady T Awwad
A 27-year-old woman had microkeratome-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for moderate bilateral hyperopia. The preoperative ophthalmologic examination was unremarkable except for minimal lissamine green staining bilaterally on the nasal conjunctiva. On the first postoperative day, the uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/20 bilaterally and the corneas were clear. Four days later, the patient presented with mild blur in both eyes. Examination showed diffuse bilateral epithelial cysts encompassing the central 6...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917002/comparison-on-effectiveness-of-trans-septal-suturing-versus-nasal-packing-after-septoplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Wei-Wei Wang, Bao-Cheng Dong
This systematic review applied meta-analytic procedures to evaluate the curative effect of trans-septal suturing versus nasal packing after septoplasty. Computerized search of the published literature in PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, WANFANG, CNKI databases. Randomized trials investigating trans-septal suturing versus nasal packing following septoplasty in patients with deviated nasal septum. Adhesion, septal hematoma, bleeding, septal perforation, infection, pain, headache, or residual septal deviation per randomized patients...
September 15, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916414/nasal-care-in-intensive-care-unit-patients
#20
Orhan Ozturan, Erol Senturk, Meryem Iraz, Ayse Nur Ceylan, Kadir Idin, Remzi Doğan, Yavuz Selim Yıldırım
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate nasal hygiene in intensive care patients and improve patient care using isotonic saline nasal spray. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study group, over a period of tendays saline nasal spray was administered four times daily. Nasal treatment was not given to the control group. Each patient was examined with a flexible nasopharyngoscope before and after the treatment and a nasal culture was taken. RESULTS: In the study group, the secretion score (1- absent; 2- serosal; 3- seropurulent and 4- purulent) mean value improved from 1...
September 12, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
keyword
keyword
43618
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"