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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342937/molecular-epidemiology-of-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-colonization-among-patients-and-their-parents-guardian-in-an-iranian-referral-hospital
#1
Babak Pourakbari, Mahmoud Khodabandeh, Shima Mahmoudi, Farah Sabouni, Alireza Aziz-Ahari, Abbas Bahador, Sepideh Keshavarz Valian, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Setareh Mamishi
INTRODUCTION: Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in the nose appears to play a key role in the epidemiology and pathogenesis of infection. It is important to investigate the genetic relatedness of S. aureus and MRSA clones in different geographic regions. The aim of this study was to assess the nasal carriage rate of S. aureus, including MRSA strains in both hospitalized children and general adult population (parents/guardian). In addition, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and molecular diversity of S...
March 22, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342743/measurement-of-ion-fluxes-across-epithelia
#2
REVIEW
Miroslaw Zajac, Krzysztof Dolowy
Epithelial tissues line all wet surfaces of vertebrate bodies. Their major function is directional transport of ions and water. Cells forming an epithelial layer are bound together by a tight junction that forms a barrier to ion flux. Ions and water are transported via specialized molecules. The presence of a defect in a single ion channel molecule leads to cystic fibrosis - the most common, fatal, human genetic disease. The paper describes ion transport data obtained by means of different experimental techniques...
March 22, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342555/use-of-thudichum-nasal-speculum-for-retraction-during-insertion-of-dental-implants
#3
Ashwant Kumar Vadepally, Ramen Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340303/epidemiology-and-patterns-of-facial-fractures-due-to-road-traffic-accidents-in-taiwan-a-15%C3%A2-years-retrospective-study
#4
Cheng-San Yang, Solomon Chih-Cheng Chen, Yung-Cheng Yang, Li-Chung Huang, How-Ran Guo, Hsin-Yi Yang
OBJECTIVE: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions...
March 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339745/chronic-nasal-staphylococcus-aureus-carriage-identifies-a-subset-of-newly-diagnosed-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-patients-with-high-relapse-rate
#5
Anna Salmela, Niels Rasmussen, Jan Willem Cohen Tervaert, David R W Jayne, Agneta Ekstrand
Objective.: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether chronic nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is related to relapses in patients with newly diagnosed ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). Methods.: In two clinical trials (n = 200), for early systemic (n = 83) and generalized (n = 117) AAV, nasal swabs were obtained monthly and at the time of a relapse. Chronic nasal SA carriage (CNSAC) was defined as ⩾ 75% of cultures being SA positive, with non-carriers being SA negative in all cultures and remaining patients being intermittent carriers...
February 20, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339502/histological-and-anatomical-structure-of-the-nasal-cavity-of-bama-minipigs
#6
Jingjing Yang, Lei Dai, Qinghua Yu, Qian Yang
OBJECTIVE: The nasal mucosa is equipped with abundant lymphatic tissues, serving as the first line of defense against invasion by microorganisms. In this study, we characterized the features of the nasal mucosa of Bama minipigs (Sus scrofa domestica) via histological analysis. METHODS: Five cross sections (I, II, III, IV, and V) were obtained from the distal end of the nasal cavity toward the pharynx (along the cavity axis) and examined. Specifically, CD3+ T cells, immunoglobulin A (IgA)+ cells, and M cells were detected by immunohistochemistry, while dendritic cells (DCs) were detected by immunofluorescence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339443/clinical-outcome-of-augmentation-enterocystoplasty-for-patients-with-ketamine-induced-cystitis
#7
Yu Khun Lee, Jia-Fong Jhang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
BACKGROUND: Ketamine abuse has become a global phenomenon in recent years. Ketamine-induced cystitis (KC) is a new clinical syndrome which can result in severely inflamed bladder and intractable bladder pain. Currently there is no guideline for managing patients with KC. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical outcome of patients with KC managed with augmentation enterocystoplasty (AE). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective interventional study. SETTING: A tertiary teaching hospital, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339297/long-term-effect-of-panretinal-photocoagulation-on-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-measurements-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#8
Haeng-Jin Lee, Tae-Seen Kang, Baek-Soo Kwak, Young-Joon Jo, Jung-Yeul Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of panretinal photocoagulation on spectral domain optical coherence tomography measurements in diabetic retinopathy by comparing the thicknesses of the central macula, retinal nerve fiber layer, and ganglion cell layer, we used a Cirrus HD OCT® (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA, USA) in normal and diabetic retinopathy cohorts. METHODS: We analyzed patients who visited our retinal clinic between May 2013 and July 2014. The patients were classified into four groups: normal (Group A), diabetes without diabetic retinopathy (Group B), severe nonproliferative or proliferative diabetic retinopathy (Group C), and at least 3 years after panretinal photocoagulation treatment (Group D)...
March 24, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339165/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sodium-citrate-spray-for-non-conductive-olfactory-disorders
#9
Carl Philpott, Sally Erskine, Allan Clark, Alexander Leeper, Mahmoud Salam, Rishi Sharma, George Murty, Thomas Hummel
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that sodium citrate improves hyposmia by decreasing mucus calcium levels in the nose. This study aimed to confirm or refute this effect in a single application and assess potential side effects. METHODOLOGY: Study design was a randomised double-blind controlled trial of sodium citrate nasal spray (intervention) versus sterile water (control) in a tertiary care clinic. Fifty-five patients with non-conductive olfactory loss were randomised to receive the intervention or placebo...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337893/adjuvant-treatment-with-a-symbiotic-in-patients-with-inflammatory-non-allergic-rhinitis
#10
M Gelardi, C De Luca, S Taliente, M L Fiorella, N Quaranta, C Russo, A Ciofalo, A Macchi, M Mancini, P Rosso, V Seccia, F Guagnini, G Ciprandi
Inflammatory non-allergic rhinitis (INAR) is characterized by the presence of an inflammatory infiltrate and a non-IgE-mediated pathogenesis. This retrospective, controlled, multicentre study investigated whether a symbiotic, containing Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM, Bifidobacterium lactis, and fructo-oligosaccharides (Pollagen®, Allergy Therapeutics, Italy), prescribed as adjunctive therapy to a standard pharmacological treatment, was able to reduce symptom severity, endoscopic features, and nasal cytology in 93 patients (49 males and 44 females, mean age 36...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337534/intermediate-osteotomies-in-rhinoplasty-a-new-perspective
#11
Diogo Pereira Nunes, Catarina Tinoco, Diogo Oliveira E Carmo, João Paço
The nasal dorsum framework plays a major role in nasal and facial harmony. This study presents a new approach to an already known technique, intermediate osteotomies, which can be used routinely in patients with cosmetically unpleasant changes in eyebrow-tip line features, allowing the acquisition of a natural, aesthetically agreeable and harmonious dorsum contour, while preserving nasal function. The approach was evaluated retrospectively in 50 consecutive patients at a tertiary referral hospital. Patients were asked to complete a survey to rate their satisfaction with the cosmetic outcome on a 5-point visual analog scale (VAS) and to compare the impact of nasal obstruction on their quality of life, pre- and postoperatively, by completing the validated Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale...
March 23, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337489/antibiotic-resistance-profiling-and-microbiota-of-the-upper-respiratory-tract-of-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-ibadan-south-west-nigeria
#12
Oluwafemi Babatunde Daodu, Elizabeth Adesola Amosun, Daniel Oladimeji Oluwayelu
BACKGROUND: Rearing of dogs and other pets has become increasingly popular in modern society. Bacterial flora resides within the nasal and oral cavities of dogs and when chanced, can be pathogenic. Certain similarities between humans and dogs portends dangerous behavioral habits that could lead to zoonotic disease transmission. This study was aimed at isolation, identification and antibiotic profiling of bacteria from nasal swabs of apparently healthy dogs. The zoonotic risk was also considered...
2017: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337445/rapid-chondrocyte-isolation-for-tissue-engineering-applications-the-effect-of-enzyme-concentration-and-temporal-exposure-on-the-matrix-forming-capacity-of-nasal-derived-chondrocytes
#13
Srujana Vedicherla, Conor Timothy Buckley
Laboratory based processing and expansion to yield adequate cell numbers had been the standard in Autologous Disc Chondrocyte Transplantation (ADCT), Allogeneic Juvenile Chondrocyte Implantation (NuQu®), and Matrix-Induced Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation (MACI). Optimizing cell isolation is a key challenge in terms of obtaining adequate cell numbers while maintaining a vibrant cell population capable of subsequent proliferation and matrix elaboration. However, typical cell yields from a cartilage digest are highly variable between donors and based on user competency...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337418/a-three-dimensional-photogrammetric-analysis-of-the-facial-esthetics-of-the-miss-korea-pageant-contestants
#14
Kab Soo Jang, Mohamed Bayome, Jae Hyun Park, Ki-Ho Park, Hong-Beom Moon, Yoon-Ah Kook
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to measure and compare the facial dimensions of the Miss Korea pageant contestants and a selected group of women from the general population by using three-dimensional (3D) image analysis, as well as to compare various facial ratios to the golden ratio within each group. METHODS: Three-dimensional images of 52 Miss Korea pageant contestants (MK group) and 41 young female adults selected from the general population (GP group) were acquired...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337382/a-new-t-staging-system-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-based-on-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-results-from-a-prospective-multicentric-clinical-study
#15
Min Kang, Pingting Zhou, Tingting Wei, Tingting Zhao, Jianxiong Long, Guisheng Li, Haolin Yan, Guosheng Feng, Meilian Liu, Jinxian Zhu, Rensheng Wang
PURPOSE: This prospective multicentric study aimed to establish a new clinical T staging standard for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) based on intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between January 2006 and December 2009, four hundred and ninety-two NPC patients undergoing IMRT were staged according to the seventh edition of the UICC/AJCC staging system. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates, and the log-rank test was used to compare survival differences...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337115/hplc-dad-analysis-antinociceptive-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-the-ethanolic-extract-of-hyptis-umbrosa-in-mice
#16
Klécia S Dos Anjos, Heitor G Araújo-Filho, Marcelo C Duarte, Vicente C O Costa, Josean F Tavares, Marcelo S Silva, Jackson R G S Almeida, Nathália A C Souza, Larissa A Rolim, Irwin R A Menezes, Henrique D M Coutinho, Jullyana S S Quintans, Lucindo J Quintans-Júnior
Hyptis umbrosa (syn. Mesosphaerum sidifolium) (Lamiaceae Family) has been used to treat several conditions such as gastrointestinal disorders, skin infections, nasal congestion, fever and cramps. The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition, analgesic and anti-inflammatory profiles of ethanol extract from leaves of Hyptis umbrosa (EEB). HPLC-DAD was used to determine the fingerprint chromatogram of the extract. Male Swiss mice were orally pretreated with EEB (100, 200 or 400 mg/kg; 60 min before initiating algesic stimulation) and antinociceptive activity was assessed using the acetic acid-induced writhing model, formalin test and hyperalgesia induced by glutamate or capsaicin...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336674/interchangeability-and-reliability-of-macular-perfusion-parameter-measurements-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#17
Jing Dong, Ya-Ding Jia, Qiang Wu, Suhua Zhang, Yali Jia, David Huang, Xiaogang Wang
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the interchangeability and reliability of macular perfusion measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional observational study. Healthy adult Chinese subjects were recruited. Macular perfusion parameters were automatically analysed by software included in a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography system. The vessel density (VD) of the whole, parafovea, superior-hemi, inferior-hemi, fovea, temporal, superior, nasal and inferior quadrants as well as the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and choroidal capillary VD (CCVD) were quantified...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336541/unilateral-nasal-obstruction-affects-motor-representation-development-within-the-face-primary-motor-cortex-in-growing-rats
#18
Yasunori Abe, Chiho Kato, Karin Harumi Uchima Koecklin, Hidemasa Okihara, Takayoshi Ishida, Koichi Fujita, Tadachika Yabushita, Satoshi Kokai, Takashi Ono
Postnatal growth is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Nasal obstruction during growth alters the electromyographic activity of orofacial muscles. The facial primary motor area represents muscles of the tongue and jaw, which are essential in regulating orofacial motor functions, including chewing and jaw opening. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of chronic unilateral nasal obstruction during growth on the motor representations within the face primary motor cortex (M1). Seventy-two 6-day-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control (n = 36) and experimental (n = 36) groups...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336472/comparison-of-strategies-for-grading-retinal-images-of-premature-infants-for-referral-warranted-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#19
David L Rogers, Don L Bremer, Rae R Fellows, Agnieshka Baumritter, Ebenezer Daniel, Max Pastilli, Gui-Shang Ying, Graham E Quinn
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of identifying referral-warranted retinopathy of prematurity (RW-ROP, defined as any zone I ROP, stage 3 or worse, or plus disease) from retinal image sets using three grading protocols: a single optic disk-centered image, a set of 3 horizontal images, and a 5-image set. METHODS: In this secondary analysis of images from the e-ROP study, a weighted sample of 250 image sets from 250 infants (125 with RW-ROP and 125 without RW-ROP) was randomly selected...
March 20, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336281/-optic-disc-changes-by-optical-coherence-tomography-in-optic-disc-edema-in-lom%C3%A3
#20
M A K Santos, K Vonor, D K Ayena, K R Kuaovi, K P Balo
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of optic disc edema (ODE) on the dimensions of the disc and the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in Lomé. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study which took place in a general ophthalmology office in the city. Twenty-six eyes were examined for ODE (cases) between January 2013 and May 2015, and 26 healthy eyes (control group) were considered in this study. The control group was recruited taking age into account with a variation not exceeding 5 years compared to the ODE cases...
March 20, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
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