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Cytokine dynamics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427167/dynamic-changes-in-serum-cytokine-levels-and-their-clinical-significance-in-predicting-acute-gvhd
#1
Chunyan Zhang, Wenrong Huang, Pengjun Zhang, Qingyi Zhang, Guanghong Guo, Feng Gu, Hua Yang, Yurong Wang, Xueliang Huang, Qian Jia, Yaping Tian
To explore the clinical significance of cytokines and biochemical tests in acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), we detected the concentrations of 8 cytokines and 19 conventional biochemical markers in the sera of aGVHD and non-GVHD patients throughout the process of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and the onset of aGVHD. Predictive models were then established using the 27 indices, and models were verified by a prospective trial. The 27 indices showed significant differences between aGVHD patients and non-GVHD control subjects (two-tailed p<0...
February 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423329/the-dynamic-cytokine-niche
#2
Frank P Assen, Michael Sixt
Immune cells communicate using cytokine signals, but the quantitative rules of this communication aren't clear. In this issue of Immunity, Oyler-Yaniv et al. (2017) suggest that the distribution of a cytokine within a lymphatic organ is primarily governed by the local density of cells consuming it.
April 18, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423120/primary-cultures-of-mouse-small-intestinal-epithelial-cells-using-the-dissociating-enzyme-type-i-collagenase-and-hyaluronidase
#3
H J Ren, C L Zhang, R D Liu, N Li, X G Li, H K Xue, Y Guo, Z Q Wang, J Cui, L Ming
The epithelium is a highly dynamic system, which plays a crucial role in the homeostasis of the intestinal tract. However, studies on the physiological and pathophysiological functions of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) have been hampered due to lack of normal epithelial cell models. In the present study, we established a reproducible method for primary culture of mouse IECs, which were isolated from the viable small intestinal crypts of murine fetuses (on embryonic day 19), using type I collagenase and hyaluronidase in a short span of time (≤20 min)...
April 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411047/immunodepression-after-cpb-cytokine-dynamics-and-clinics-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-trial
#4
Georgia Justus, Christoph Walker, Lisa-Maria Rosenthal, Felix Berger, Oliver Miera, Katharina Rose Luise Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Corrective surgery for congenital heart defects is known to trigger a severe immune reaction. There has been extensive research on the effects of inflammation after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Interestingly, monocytes are observed to be non-responsive to stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) under these conditions, indicating a state of immunodepression, which lays the ground for second hit infections after cardiosurgery with CPB. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to analyze immunodepression after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass and to differentiate the effects of monocytic anergy on postoperative outcome...
April 11, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410195/antagonistic-effects-of-selenium-on-lead-induced-autophagy-by-influencing-mitochondrial-dynamics-in-the-spleen-of-chickens
#5
Yujing Han, Chunqiu Li, Mingjun Su, Zhihui Wang, Ning Jiang, Dongbo Sun
Lead (Pb) may damage the immune function in human and animal. Selenium (Se) has antagonistic effects on Pb. In our study, brown layer chickens were randomly allocated to control group, Se group (1 mg/kg Se), Se+Pb group (1 mg/kg Se and 350 mg/kg Pb), and Pb group (350 mg/kg Pb). The chickens were sacrificed on the 90th day; spleen tissues were subjected to observation of ultrastructure and detection of spleen-related indexes. The results revealed that in the Pb group, expression levels of the cytokines IL-1 and TNF-α significantly increased, and expression levels of IL-2 and INF-γ significantly decreased; activities of antioxidant enzyme GPX, SOD and CAT significantly decreased, and expression level of malondialdehyde (MDA) significantly increased; expression levels of mitochondrial fission-related genes (Mff and Drp1) significantly increased, and expression levels of mitochondrial fusion-related genes (Opa1, Mfn1 and Mfn2) significantly decreased; expression of autophagy-related genes (Beclin 1, Dynein, Atg 5, LC3-I and LC-II) was upregulated, while expression of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) was downregulated...
March 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408906/cellular-and-molecular-dynamics-of-th17-differentiation-and-its-developmental-plasticity-in-the-intestinal-immune-response
#6
REVIEW
Suniti Bhaumik, Rajatava Basu
After emerging from the thymus, naive CD4 T cells circulate through secondary lymphoid tissues, including gut-associated lymphoid tissue of the intestine. The activation of naïve CD4 T cells by antigen-presenting cells offering cognate antigen initiate differentiation programs that lead to the development of highly specialized T helper (Th) cell lineages. Although initially believed that developmental programing of effector T cells such as T helper 1 (Th1) or T helper 2 (Th2) resulted in irreversible commitment to a fixed fate, subsequent studies have demonstrated greater flexibility, or plasticity, in effector T cell stability than originally conceived...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402555/deregulation-of-the-endometrial-stromal-cell-secretome-precedes-embryo-implantation-failure
#7
Ruban Rex Peter Durairaj, Asma Aberkane, Lukasz Polanski, Yojiro Maruyama, Miriam Baumgarten, Emma S Lucas, Siobhan Quenby, Jerry K Y Chan, Nick Raine-Fenning, Jan J Brosens, Hilde Van de Velde, Yie Hou Lee
STUDY QUESTION: Is implantation failure following ART associated with a perturbed decidual response in endometrial stromal cells (EnSCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Dynamic changes in the secretome of decidualizing EnSCs underpin the transition of a hostile to a supportive endometrial microenvironment for embryo implantation; perturbation in this transitional pathway prior to ART is associated with implantation failure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Implantation is the rate-limiting step in ART, although the contribution of an aberrant endometrial microenvironment in IVF failure remains ill defined...
April 10, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400477/il-4-primes-the-dynamics-of-breast-cancer-progression-via-dusp4-inhibition
#8
Miriam Gaggianesi, Alice Turdo, Aurora Chinnici, Elisa Lipari, Tiziana Apuzzo, Antonina Benfante, Isabella Sperduti, Simone Di Franco, Serena Meraviglia, Elena Lo Presti, Francesco Dieli, Valentina Caputo, Gabriella Militello, Salvatore Vieni, Giorgio Stassi, Matilde Todaro
The tumor microenvironment supplies pro-inflammatory cytokines favoring a permissive milieu for cancer cell growth and invasive behavior. Here we show how breast cancer progression is facilitated by IL-4 secreted by adipose tissue and estrogen receptor-positive and triple-negative breast cancer cell types. Blocking autocrine and paracrine IL-4 signaling with the IL-4Rα antagonist IL-4DM compromised breast cancer cell proliferation, invasion and tumor growth by downregulating MAPK pathway activity. IL-4DM reduced numbers of CD44+/CD24- cancer stem-like cells and elevated expression of the dual specificity phosphatase DUSP4 by inhibiting NF-kB...
April 11, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397763/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-homeostasis-in-reproductive-physiology-and-pathology
#9
REVIEW
Elif Guzel, Sefa Arlier, Ozlem Guzeloglu-Kayisli, Mehmet Selcuk Tabak, Tugba Ekiz, Nihan Semerci, Kellie Larsen, Frederick Schatz, Charles Joseph Lockwood, Umit Ali Kayisli
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), comprises 60% of the total cell membrane and interacts directly or indirectly with several cell organelles i.e., Golgi bodies, mitochondria and proteasomes. The ER is usually associated with large numbers of attached ribosomes. During evolution, ER developed as the specific cellular site of synthesis, folding, modification and trafficking of secretory and cell-surface proteins. The ER is also the major intracellular calcium storage compartment that maintains cellular calcium homeostasis...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397056/dynamic-changes-of-phenotypes-and-secretory-functions-during-the-differentiation-of-pre-dcs-to-mature-dcs
#10
Jing Wang, Li-Bo Zhao, Sheng Chang, Chang-Sheng Ming, Jun Yang, Nian-Qiao Gong
The dynamic expression of cytokines and phenotypes during the differentiation process of dendritic cell precursors (pre-DCs) to mature dendritic cells (DCs) was investigated, and the effects of inflammatory stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on DCs differentiation were understood. The differentiation of bone marrow cells isolated from Balb/c mice was induced to DCs in an 8-day cell culture system with RPMI-1640 complete culture medium containing 10% FBS, 20 ng/mL recombinant mouse granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rmGM-CSF) and 10 ng/mL recombinant mouse interleukin-4 (rmIL-4)...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396000/measuring-signaling-and-rna-seq-in-the-same-cell-links-gene-expression-to-dynamic-patterns-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation
#11
Keara Lane, David Van Valen, Mialy M DeFelice, Derek N Macklin, Takamasa Kudo, Ariel Jaimovich, Ambrose Carr, Tobias Meyer, Dana Pe'er, Stéphane C Boutet, Markus W Covert
Signaling proteins display remarkable cell-to-cell heterogeneity in their dynamic responses to stimuli, but the consequences of this heterogeneity remain largely unknown. For instance, the contribution of the dynamics of the innate immune transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) to gene expression output is disputed. Here we explore these questions by integrating live-cell imaging approaches with single-cell sequencing technologies. We used this approach to measure both the dynamics of lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-κB activation and the global transcriptional response in the same individual cell...
April 4, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394333/a-heart-brain-kidney-network-controls-adaptation-to-cardiac-stress-through-tissue-macrophage-activation
#12
Katsuhito Fujiu, Munehiko Shibata, Yukiteru Nakayama, Fusa Ogata, Sahohime Matsumoto, Koji Noshita, Shingo Iwami, Susumu Nakae, Issei Komuro, Ryozo Nagai, Ichiro Manabe
Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome characterized by insufficient cardiac function. In addition to abnormalities intrinsic to the heart, dysfunction of other organs and dysregulation of systemic factors greatly affect the development and consequences of heart failure. Here we show that the heart and kidneys function cooperatively in generating an adaptive response to cardiac pressure overload. In mice subjected to pressure overload in the heart, sympathetic nerve activation led to activation of renal collecting-duct (CD) epithelial cells...
April 10, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386537/revealing-a-novel-otubain-like-enzyme-from-leishmania-infantum-with-deubiquitinating-activity-toward-k48-linked-substrate
#13
Clênia S Azevedo, Bruna C Guido, Jhonata L Pereira, Diego O Nolasco, Rafael Corrêa, Kelly G Magalhães, Flávia N Motta, Jaime M Santana, Philippe Grellier, Izabela M D Bastos
Deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) play an important role in regulating a variety of eukaryotic processes. In this context, exploring the role of deubiquitination in Leishmania infantum could be a promising alternative to search new therapeutic targets for leishmaniasis. Here we present the first characterization of a DUB from L. infantum, otubain (OtuLi), and its localization within parasite. The recombinant OtuLi (rOtuLi) showed improved activity on lysine 48 (K48)-linked over K63-linked tetra-ubiquitin (Ub) and site-directed mutations on amino acids close to the catalytic site (F82) or involved in Ub interaction (L265 and F182) caused structural changes as shown by molecular dynamics, resulting in a reduction or loss of enzyme activity, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385539/th1-th2-balance-in-the-liver-and-hepatic-lymph-nodes-of-vaccinated-and-unvaccinated-sheep-during-acute-stages-of-infection-with-fasciola-hepatica
#14
I L Pacheco, N Abril, N Morales-Prieto, M J Bautista, R Zafra, A Escamilla, M T Ruiz, A Martínez-Moreno, J Pérez
The expression of IFNγ and IL4 was quantified using q-PCR in the liver and hepatic lymph nodes (HLN) of sheep during early stages of infection with Fasciola hepatica (1, 3, 9 and 18days post-infection, dpi). A group of animals (Group 1) were vaccinated with Fasciola hepatica recombinant cathepsin L1 (FhCL1) in montanide 70 VG prior to infection, a second group (group 2) was used as infected control and a third (group 3) was used as uninfected control. To study vaccine efficacy three additional groups were sacrificed 19 weeks post-infection (group 4 immunized with CL1, group 5 with the adjuvant and group 6 was used as infected control)...
March 25, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378639/predictive-role-of-serum-and-urinary-cytokines-in-invasion-and-recurrence-of-bladder-cancer
#15
Nitu Kumari, Usha Agrawal, Ashwani Kumar Mishra, Anup Kumar, Pawan Vasudeva, Nayan Kumar Mohanty, Sunita Saxena
Urothelial cancer patients are prone to recurrence, and there is no marker to predict which cases become refractory to the immunotherapy given to these patients. Tumour behaviour is decided by the dynamics between the pro- and anti-tumorigenic cytokines. In this study, 27 cytokines were estimated in serum and urine of 72 urothelial cancer patients and 42 healthy volunteer controls. Serum cytokines IL-1RA, IL-4 and RANTES were in significantly higher concentration in serum of patients compared to controls, while IL-2 was significantly less in concentration...
April 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372329/dynamics-of-the-complement-cytokine-and-chemokine-systems-in-the-regulation-of-synaptic-function-and-dysfunction-relevant-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Shanya Jiang, Kiran Bhaskar
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia affecting nearly 45 million people worldwide. However, the etiology of AD is still unclear. Accumulations of amyloid-β plaques and tau tangles, neuroinflammation, and synaptic and neuronal loss are the major neuropathological hallmarks of AD, with synaptic loss being the strongest correlating factor with memory and cognitive impairment in AD. Many of these pathological hallmarks influence each other during the onset and progression of the disease...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371736/on-demand-dissolution-of-modular-synthetic-extracellular-matrix-reveals-local-epithelial-stromal-communication-networks
#17
Jorge Valdez, Christi D Cook, Caroline Chopko Ahrens, Alex J Wang, Alexander Brown, Manu Kumar, Linda Stockdale, Daniel Rothenberg, Kasper Renggli, Elizabeth Gordon, Douglas Lauffenburger, Forest White, Linda Griffith
Methods to parse paracrine epithelial-stromal communication networks are a vital need in drug development, as disruption of these networks underlies diseases ranging from cancer to endometriosis. Here, we describe a modular, synthetic, and dissolvable extracellular matrix (MSD-ECM) hydrogel that fosters functional 3D epithelial-stromal co-culture, and that can be dissolved on-demand to recover cells and paracrine signaling proteins intact for subsequent analysis. Specifically, synthetic polymer hydrogels, modified with cell-interacting adhesion motifs and crosslinked with peptides that include a substrate for cell-mediated proteolytic remodeling, can be rapidly dissolved by an engineered version of the microbial transpeptidase Sortase A (SrtA) if the crosslinking peptide includes a SrtA substrate motif and a soluble second substrate...
June 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371099/finding-the-cure-for-primary-biliary-cholangitis-still-waiting
#18
Atsushi Tanaka, M Eric Gershwin
The introduction of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA)may well have contributed to some of the improvements in morbidity and mortality of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Yet nearly 40% of PBC patients are unresponsive to UDCA. Further the data on UDCA is confounded by the changes in the goepidemiology and particularly the earlier diagnosis of PBC. In this regard we welcome the addition of obeticholic acid (OCA) as an alternative therapeutic option forthe treatment of PBC in those patients refractory to UDCA. However, OCA is intellectually disappointing...
April 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370480/pop1-might-be-recruiting-its-type-ia-interface-for-nlrp3-mediated-pyd-pyd-interaction-insights-from-md-simulation
#19
Jitendra Maharana, Ashutosh Vats, Santwana Gautam, Bibhu Prasad Nayak, Sushil Kumar, Jasobanta Sendha, Sachinandan De
Inflammasomes are multiprotein caspase-activating complexes that enhance the maturation and release of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and IL-18) in response to the invading pathogen and/or host-derived cellular stress. These are assembled by the sensory proteins (viz NLRC4, NLRP1, NLRP3, and AIM-2), adaptor protein (ASC), and effector molecule procaspase-1. In NLRP3-mediated inflammasome activation, ASC acts as a mediator between NLRP3 and procaspase-1 for the transmission of signals. A series of homotypic protein-protein interactions (NLRP3(PYD) :ASC(PYD) and ASC(CARD) :CASP1(CARD) ) propagates the downstream signaling for the production of proinflammatory cytokines...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365213/alternative-activation-skewed-microglia-macrophages-promote-hematoma-resolution-in-experimental-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#20
Che-Feng Chang, Jieru Wan, Qiang Li, Stephen C Renfroe, Nicola M Heller, Jian Wang
Microglia/macrophages (MMΦ) are highly plastic phagocytes that can promote both injury and repair in diseased brain through the distinct function of classically activated and alternatively activated subsets. The role of MMΦ polarization in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is unknown. Herein, we comprehensively characterized MMΦ dynamics after ICH in mice and evaluated the relevance of MMΦ polarity to hematoma resolution. MMΦ accumulated within the hematoma territory until at least 14days after ICH induction...
March 30, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
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