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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587396/identification-of-the-mirna-target-gene-regulatory-network-in-intracranial-aneurysm-based-on-microarray-expression-data
#1
Kezhen Wang, Xinmin Wang, Hongzhu Lv, Chengzhi Cui, Jiyong Leng, Kai Xu, Guosong Yu, Jianwei Chen, Peiyu Cong
Intracranial aneurysm (IA) remains one of the most devastating neurological conditions. However, the pathophysiology of IA formation and rupture still remains unclear. The purpose of the present study was to identify the crucial microRNA (miRNA/miR) and genes involved in IAs and elucidate the mechanisms underlying the development of IAs. In the present study, novel miRNA regulation activities in IAs were investigated through the integration of public gene expression data of miRNA and mRNA using the Gene Expression Omnibus database, combined with bioinformatics prediction...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459827/circulating-micrornas-in-patients-with-intracranial-aneurysms
#2
John A L Meeuwsen, Femke N G van T Hof, Wouter van Rheenen, Gabriel J E Rinkel, Jan H Veldink, Ynte M Ruigrok
INTRODUCTION: We compared circulating microRNA (miRNA) levels in plasma of patients with intracranial aneurysms (IA) to those of controls as a first step towards finding potential biomarkers for individuals at high risk of IA development and its subsequent rupture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a PCR array we measured 370 miRNAs in plasma of 15 patients with prior aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), of whom 11 had an additional unruptured IA (UIA), and of 15 controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442458/circulating-micrornas-in-delayed-cerebral-infarction-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#3
Gang Lu, Man Sze Wong, Mark Zhi Qiang Xiong, Chi Kwan Leung, Xian Wei Su, Jing Ye Zhou, Wai Sang Poon, Vera Zhi Yuan Zheng, Wai Yee Chan, George Kwok Chu Wong
BACKGROUND: Delayed cerebral infarction (DCI) is a major cause of morbidities after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and typically starts at day 4 to 7 after initial hemorrhage. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in posttranscriptional gene expression control, and distinctive patterns of circulating miRNA changes have been identified for some diseases. We aimed to investigate miRNAs that characterize SAH patients with DCI compared with those without DCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Circulating miRNAs were collected on day 7 after SAH in healthy, SAH-free controls (n=20), SAH patients with DCI (n=20), and SAH patients without DCI (n=20)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431866/circulating-micrornas-signature-correlates-with-positive-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-patients-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#4
Audrey Courtois, Betty Nusgens, Nancy Garbacki, Roland Hustinx, Pierre Gomez, Jean-Olivier Defraigne, Alain C Colige, Natzi Sakalihasan
BACKGROUND: Prediction of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture is a challenging issue. Small noncoding microRNAs (miRNAs) are potent regulators of gene expression and are considered as valuable circulating biomarkers. Recently, [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake detected by positron emission tomography (PET) in AAA was correlated with cellular and molecular alterations involved in wall instability and its potential rupture. Our study aimed at identifying circulating miRNAs correlated with a positive PET that could help discriminate patients at high risk of rupture...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357407/role-of-microrna-103a-targeting-adam10-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#5
Tong Jiao, Ye Yao, Bo Zhang, Da-Cheng Hao, Qing-Feng Sun, Jing-Bo Li, Chao Yuan, Bao Jing, Yun-Peng Wang, Hai-Yang Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are deregulated in various vascular ailments including abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). MiR-103 is involved in vascular, metabolic, and malignant diseases, but whether it participates in the pathogenesis of AAA remains elusive. ADAM10 plays a vital role in the formation of aneurysm, but whether miRs modulate its activity during AAA formation is totally unknown. In this study, we detected the significantly increased protein expression of ADAM10 in angiotensin II induced murine AAA specimens, while the mRNA expression of ADAM10 was similar between AAA and control, suggesting the posttranscriptional regulation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347473/a-systematic-review-investigating-the-association-of-micrornas-with-human-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#6
REVIEW
Vikram Iyer, Sophie Rowbotham, Erik Biros, John Bingley, Jonathan Golledge
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is increasing interest in identifying novel methods for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diagnosis. Non-coding RNA molecules such as microRNAs (miRNAs) are stable within the circulation and may serve as biomarkers for AAA. This systematic review aimed to identify miRNAs associated with a diagnosis of human AAA based on currently published original research. METHODS: A systematic search of the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases identified studies assessing miRNA expression in abdominal aortic tissue or circulating blood from human AAA cases compared to non-aneurysmal controls...
June 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338184/microrna-370-3p-inhibits-human-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-via-targeting-kdr-akt-signaling-pathway-in-cerebral-aneurysm
#7
W-Z Hou, X-L Chen, W Wu, C-H Hang
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral aneurysm is a common vascular disease with high morbidity and mortality. Vascular smooth muscle deletion or dysplasia is an important reason for the development of cerebral aneurysm. MiRNAs participate in a variety of biological functions through inhibiting target gene translation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of miRNAs in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MiRNA and mRNA expressions were tested by Real-time PCR...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288890/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-associated-microrna-516a-5p-regulates-expressions-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-tissue-inhibitor-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-1-in-human-abdominal-aortic-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#8
Crystal Yin Tung Chan, Bernice Lai Yee Cheuk, Stephen Wing Keung Cheng
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) have been highlighted to be involved in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with the emergence of recent miRNA microarray profiling studies. miR-516a-5p has been shown to be significantly overexpressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from human AAA tissues from our previous microarray study, suggesting its crucial association with AAA. In addition, further bioinformatics analysis predicted methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), which regulates homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism and is proposed to be a risk gene for AAA formation and to be the downregulation target of miR-516a-5p...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214880/mir-29b-downregulation-induces-phenotypic-modulation-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-implication-for-intracranial-aneurysm-formation-and-progression-to-rupture
#9
Liqian Sun, Manman Zhao, Jingbo Zhang, Ming Lv, Youxiang Li, Xinjian Yang, Aihua Liu, Zhongxue Wu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our previous microarray results identified numerous microRNAs (miRNAs), including miR-29b, that were differentially expressed in the serum of intracranial aneurysm (IA) patients. The current study aimed to investigate whether miR-29b downregulation in IA could promote the phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) involved in the pathogenesis of aneurysm by activating ATG14-mediated autophagy. METHODS: First, the levels of miR-29b and autophagy related genes (ATGs) between IA patients and normal subjects were compared...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214350/upregulation-of-microrna-15a-contributes-to-pathogenesis-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-aaa-by-modulating-the-expression-of-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-2b-cdkn2b
#10
Peng Gao, Jiyuan Si, Bin Yang, Jixiang Yu
BACKGROUND The objective of the present study was to identify the association between miR-15a-5p and CDKN2B, and their roles in regulating the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). MATERIAL AND METHODS We searched the miRNA database online (www.mirdb.org) and used a luciferase reporter assay system to study the regulatory relationship between miR-15a-5p and CDKN2B. We also conducted real-time PCR and Western blot analysis to study the mRNA and protein expression level of CDKN2B among different patient groups (participants with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and normal controls) or cells treated with scramble control, miR-15a-5p mimics, CDKN2B siRNA, and miR-15a-5p inhibitors...
February 18, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939432/regulation-of-microrna-expression-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-by-mrtf-a-and-actin-polymerization
#11
Azra Alajbegovic, Karolina M Turczyńska, Tran Thi Hien, Pilar Cidad, Karl Swärd, Per Hellstrand, Alessandro Della Corte, Amalia Forte, Sebastian Albinsson
The dynamic properties of the actin cytoskeleton in smooth muscle cells play an important role in a number of cardiovascular disease states. The state of actin does not only mediate mechanical stability and contractile function but can also regulate gene expression via myocardin related transcription factors (MRTFs). These transcriptional co-activators regulate genes encoding contractile and cytoskeletal proteins in smooth muscle. Regulation of small non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) by actin polymerization may mediate some of these effects...
December 8, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824808/aberrant-expression-of-microrna-9-contributes-to-development-of-intracranial-aneurysm-by-suppressing-proliferation-and-reducing-contractility-of-smooth-muscle-cells
#12
Jing Luo, Hengwei Jin, Yuhua Jiang, Huijian Ge, Jiwei Wang, Youxiang Li
BACKGROUND MiR-9 is reportedly involved with many diseases, such as acute myeloid leukemia and liver oncogenesis. In the present study we investigated the molecular mechanism, including the potential regulator and signaling pathways, of MYOCD, which is the gene that in humans encodes the protein myocardin. MATERIAL AND METHODS We searched the online miRNA database (www.mirdb.org) with the "seed sequence" located within the 3'-UTR of the target gene, and then validated MYOCD to be the direct gene via luciferase reporter assay system, and further confirmed it in cultured cells by using Western blot analysis and realtime PCR...
November 8, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751926/identification-of-a-long-noncoding-rna-associated-competing-endogenous-rna-network-in-intracranial-aneurysm
#13
Hao Li, Wen Wang, Lu Zhang, Qing Lan, Jiangfei Wang, Yong Cao, Jizong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a cerebrovascular disorder characterized by an abnormally bulged artery in the brain and subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by IA rupture with a high ratio of fatality and morbidity. However, the genetic cause of IA remains largely unknown. METHODS: A dysregulated long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) -associated competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network was constructed by using sample-matched microRNA (miRNA), lncRNA, and messenger (mRNA) expression profiles in 12 saccular IA samples and paired control arteries...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698769/microrna-129-5p-inhibits-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-wnt5a
#14
Yiming Zhang, Zhao Liu, Min Zhou, Changjian Liu
Aberrant smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play important roles in the formation of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Although the molecular mechanism of AAA formation has been investigated, there is a lack of understanding concerning the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in AAA, which the current study aimed to address. Firstly, miRNA array analysis was performed in order to compare the miRNA profiles in a mouse model of AAA with those in normal control mice, and differentially expressed miRNAs were identified. miR-129-5p was selected for further analysis, and was used to transfect human SMCs...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585857/mir-29c-3p-is-an-effective-biomarker-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery
#15
Sabina Licholai, Wojciech Szczeklik, Marek Sanak
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is usually asymptomatic and mostly diagnosed incidentally. Aortic dilatation progresses along with the wall weakening and eventually leads to a life-threatening rupture. Currently, there are no effective screening biomarkers for AAA. MicroRNAs, a class of small noncoding RNA molecules, offer great potential as biomarkers because of their stability in the bloodstream and expression profile specific for different diseases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the circulating miR-29c-3p as a potential biomarker of AAA and to elucidate the biological functions of miR-29c-3p in terms of pathogenesis of aneurysms...
2016: MicroRNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429962/prospective-and-therapeutic-screening-value-of-non-coding-rna-as-biomarkers-in-cardiovascular-disease
#16
REVIEW
Albert Busch, Suzanne M Eken, Lars Maegdefessel
Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is a class of genetic, epigenetic and translational regulators, containing short and long transcripts with intriguing abilities for use as biomarkers due to their superordinate role in disease development. In the past five years many of these have been investigated in cardiovascular diseases (CVD), mainly myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure. To extend this view, we summarize the existing data about ncRNA as biomarker in the whole entity of CVDs by literature-based review and comparison of the identified candidates...
June 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128592/mirna-expression-profiling-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#17
Stanley S Stylli, Alexios A Adamides, Rachel M Koldej, Rodney B Luwor, David S Ritchie, James Ziogas, Andrew H Kaye
OBJECTIVE MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression and therefore play important roles in many physiological and pathological processes. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility of extraction and subsequent profiling of miRNA from CSF samples in a pilot population of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients and establish if there is a distinct CSF miRNA signature between patients who develop cerebral vasospasm and those who do not. METHODS CSF samples were taken at various time points during the clinical management of a subset of SAH patients (SAH patient samples without vasospasm, n = 10; SAH patient samples with vasospasm, n = 10)...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918470/microrna-and-gene-expression-changes-in-unruptured-human-cerebral-aneurysms
#18
Kimon Bekelis, Joanna S Kerley-Hamilton, Amy Teegarden, Craig R Tomlinson, Rachael Kuintzle, Nathan Simmons, Robert J Singer, David W Roberts, Manolis Kellis, David A Hendrix
OBJECTIVE The molecular mechanisms behind cerebral aneurysm formation and rupture remain poorly understood. In the past decade, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be key regulators in a host of biological processes. They are noncoding RNA molecules, approximately 21 nucleotides long, that posttranscriptionally inhibit mRNAs by attenuating protein translation and promoting mRNA degradation. The miRNA and mRNA interactions and expression levels in cerebral aneurysm tissue from human subjects were profiled...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26675167/circulating-microrna-132-3p-and-324-3p-profiles-in-patients-after-acute-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
Xian Wei Su, Anna Ho Yin Chan, Gang Lu, Marie Lin, Johnny Sze, Jing Ye Zhou, Wai Sang Poon, Qiang Liu, Vera Zhi Yuan Zheng, George Kwok Chu Wong
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a highly morbid and fatal condition with high rate of cognitive impairment and negative impact in quality of life among survivors. Delayed cerebral infarction (DCI) is one the major factors for these negative outcomes. In this study we compared the circulating microRNA profiles of SAH patients and healthy individuals, and the circulating microRNA profiles of SAH patients with and without DCI. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples on Day 7 after the onset of SAH were subjected to microarray analysis with Affymetrix miRNA 3...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663183/micrornas-in-cerebrovascular-disease
#20
REVIEW
Ondřej Volný, Linda Kašičková, Dominika Coufalová, Petra Cimflová, Jan Novák
Cardiovascular diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Cerebrovascular diseases, especially stroke, represent major burden of disability and economy impact. Major advances in primary and secondary prevention and therapy are needed in order to tackle this public health problem. Our better understanding of pathophysiology is essential in order to develop novel diagnostic and therapeutic tools and strategies. microRNAs are a family of important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression and their involvement in the pathophysiology of cerebrovascular diseases has already been reported...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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