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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195773/cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorders-implications-for-emotion
#1
REVIEW
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075143/suicidality-in-sleep-disorders-prevalence-impact-and-management-strategies
#2
REVIEW
Christopher W Drapeau, Michael R Nadorff
Sleep disturbances are associated with suicide-related thoughts and behaviors, and the incidence of sleep concerns and suicide has increased recently in the US. Most published research exploring the sleep-suicidality relation is focused on select sleep disorders, with few reviews offering a comprehensive overview of the sleep-suicidality literature. This narrative review broadly investigates the growing research literature on sleep disorders and suicidality, noting the prevalence of suicide ideation and nonfatal and fatal suicide attempts, the impact of several sleep disorders on suicide risk, and potential sleep-disorder management strategies for mitigating suicide risk...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871936/xanthoma-like-skin-changes-in-an-elderly-woman-with-a-normal-lipid-profile
#3
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832598/netlang-a-software-for-the-linguistic-analysis-of-corpora-by-means-of-complex-networks
#4
Lluís Barceló-Coblijn, Diego Serna Salazar, Gustavo Isaza, Luis F Castillo Ossa, Manuel G Bedia
To date there is no software that directly connects the linguistic analysis of a conversation to a network program. Networks programs are able to extract statistical information from data basis with information about systems of interacting elements. Language has also been conceived and studied as a complex system. However, most proposals do not analyze language according to linguistic theory, but use instead computational systems that should save time at the price of leaving aside many crucial aspects for linguistic theory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739561/smartphone-based-monitoring-of-objective-and-subjective-data-in-affective-disorders-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going-systematic-review
#5
Ezgi Dogan, Christian Sander, Xenija Wagner, Ulrich Hegerl, Elisabeth Kohls
BACKGROUND: Electronic mental health interventions for mood disorders have increased rapidly over the past decade, most recently in the form of various systems and apps that are delivered via smartphones. OBJECTIVE: We aim to provide an overview of studies on smartphone-based systems that combine subjective ratings with objectively measured data for longitudinal monitoring of patients with affective disorders. Specifically, we aim to examine current knowledge on: (1) the feasibility of, and adherence to, such systems; (2) the association of monitored data with mood status; and (3) the effects of monitoring on clinical outcomes...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480041/risk-of-qt-prolongation-and-torsade-de-pointes-associated-with-exposure-to-hydroxyzine-re-evaluation-of-an-established-drug
#6
Anne-Françoise Schlit, Annie Delaunois, Aurore Colomar, Branderley Claudio, Luca Cariolato, Rossen Boev, Jean-Pierre Valentin, Christopher Peters, Victor S Sloan, Jürgen W G Bentz
Several noncardiac drugs have been linked to cardiac safety concerns, highlighting the importance of post-marketing surveillance and continued evaluation of the benefit-risk of long-established drugs. Here, we examine the risk of QT prolongation and/or torsade de pointes (TdP) associated with the use of hydroxyzine, a first generation sedating antihistamine. We have used a combined methodological approach to re-evaluate the cardiac safety profile of hydroxyzine, including: (1) a full review of the sponsor pharmacovigilance safety database to examine real-world data on the risk of QT prolongation and/or TdP associated with hydroxyzine use and (2) nonclinical electrophysiological studies to examine concentration-dependent effects of hydroxyzine on a range of human cardiac ion channels...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353223/multiplexing-biomarker-methods-proteomics-and-considerations-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Renã A S Robinson, Bushra Amin, Paul C Guest
Biomarker research for Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been growing rapidly over recent years especially as the number of persons affected by this disease is nearing approximately 46 million worldwide. Single biomarker assays are challenging to establish since AD is multifactorial and complex. In addition to the classic signs of diminished cognition and memory, AD patients can also exhibit symptoms which may be confused with some psychiatric disorders, such as depression. No molecular biomarkers have been established or translated into clinical tools although recent efforts have resulted in addition of molecular biomarker profiles to the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke and Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association criteria for research purposes...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319248/cyclic-tensile-strain-enhances-human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-smad-2-3-activation-and-tenogenic-differentiation-in-anisotropic-collagen-glycosaminoglycan-scaffolds
#8
W G Grier, A S Moy, B A Harley
Stem cell research arose from the need to explore new therapeutic possibilities for intractable and lethal diseases. Although musculoskeletal disorders are basically nonlethal, their high prevalence and relative ease of performing clinical trials have facilitated the clinical application of stem cells in this field. However, few reliable clinical studies have been published, despite the plethora of in vitro and preclinical studies in stem cell research for regenerative medicine in the musculoskeletal system...
March 20, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266690/clinical-use-of-stem-cells-in-orthopaedics
#9
REVIEW
G-I Im
Stem cell research arose from the need to explore new therapeutic possibilities for intractable and lethal diseases. Although musculoskeletal disorders are basically nonlethal, their high prevalence and relative ease of performing clinical trials have facilitated the clinical application of stem cells in this field. However, few reliable clinical studies have been published, despite the plethora of in vitro and preclinical studies in stem cell research for regenerative medicine in the musculoskeletal system...
February 21, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246891/prefrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-as-treatment-for-major-depression-study-design-and-methodology-of-a-multicenter-triple-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-depressiondc
#10
Frank Padberg, Ulrike Kumpf, Ulrich Mansmann, Ulrich Palm, Christian Plewnia, Berthold Langguth, Peter Zwanzger, Andreas Fallgatter, Jana Nolden, Max Burger, Daniel Keeser, Rainer Rupprecht, Peter Falkai, Alkomiet Hasan, Silvia Egert, Malek Bajbouj
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed as novel treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD) based on clinical pilot studies as well as randomized controlled monocentric trials. The DepressionDC trial is a triple-blind (blinding of rater, operator and patient), randomized, placebo controlled multicenter trial investigating the efficacy and safety of prefrontal tDCS used as additive treatment in MDD patients who have not responded to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). At 5 study sites, 152 patients with MDD receive a 6-weeks treatment with active tDCS (anode F3 and cathode F4, 2 mA intensity, 30 min/day) or sham tDCS add-on to a stable antidepressant medication with an SSRI...
December 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216720/biostatistics-series-module-7-the-statistics-of-diagnostic-tests
#11
Avijit Hazra, Nithya Gogtay
Crucial therapeutic decisions are based on diagnostic tests. Therefore, it is important to evaluate such tests before adopting them for routine use. Although things such as blood tests, cultures, biopsies, and radiological imaging are obvious diagnostic tests, it is not to be forgotten that specific clinical examination procedures, scoring systems based on physiological or psychological evaluation, and ratings based on questionnaires are also diagnostic tests and therefore merit similar evaluation. In the simplest scenario, a diagnostic test will give either a positive (disease likely) or negative (disease unlikely) result...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131199/first-reported-cases-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-in-vietnamese-adolescents-and-adults
#12
Mai Nguyen Thi Hoang, Phu Nguyen Hoan, Tan Le Van, Angela McBride, Nghia Ho Dang Trung, Thanh Tran Tan, Hong Nguyen Thi Thu, Dorothee Heemskerk, Jeremy Day, Angela Vincent, Chau Nguyen Van Vinh, Guy Thwaites
INTRODUCTION: Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is increasingly recognised as an important differential diagnosis in patients with encephalitis of unknown aetiology. We report the first case series of patients diagnosed in Vietnam. METHODS: Samples of CSF from patients with presumed encephalitis but negative microbiological investigations, who exhibited dyskinesia, autonomic instability or psychosis were tested for antibodies against the NR1 subunit of the glutamate (type-NMDA) receptor using an indirect immunofluorescence assay...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991834/caregiver-treatment-preferences-for-children-with-a-new-versus-existing-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis
#13
Susan dosReis, Alex Park, Xinyi Ng, Emily Frosch, Gloria Reeves, Charles Cunningham, Ellen M Janssen, John F P Bridges
OBJECTIVES: Parental experiences with managing their child's attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can influence priorities for treatment. This study aimed to identify the ADHD management options caregivers most prefer and to determine if preferences differ by time since initial ADHD diagnosis. METHODS: Primary caregivers (n = 184) of a child aged 4-14 years old in care for ADHD were recruited from January 2013 through March 2015 from community-based pediatric and mental health clinics and family support organizations across the state of Maryland...
April 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711956/-psycho-oncologic-care-by-a-consultation-liaison-service-differences-between-oncologic-patients-with-and-without-psychiatric-comorbidity
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Juan Valdes-Stauber, Susanne Bachthaler
Background: Psycho-oncologic consultation and liaison services (CLS) are mainly psychosomatic oriented teams in acute care hospitals. Their interventions are electively, setting-related or universal like in accredited centers. Objectives: We investigated whether clinical and care-related differences between cancer patients with and without psychiatric comorbidity exist as well as between patients treated in oncologic centers and aside thereof. We also investigated possible differences according to psychiatric as well as to oncologic diagnoses...
November 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545710/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-nail-disorders
#15
Uwe Wollina, Pietro Nenoff, Gunter Haroske, Holger A Haenssle
BACKGROUND: Nail disorders can arise at any age. About half of all nail disorders are of infectious origin, 15% are due to inflammatory or metabolic conditions, and 5% are due to malignancies and pigment disturbances. The differential diagnosis of nail disorders is often an area of uncertainty. METHODS: This review is based on publications and guidelines retrieved by a selective search in PubMed, including Cochrane reviews, meta-analyses, and AWMF guidelines. RESULTS: Nail disorders are a common reason for derma - tologic consultation...
July 25, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126549/the-complex-metabolism-of-trimethylamine-in-humans-endogenous-and-exogenous-sources
#16
REVIEW
Jyoti Chhibber-Goel, Anamika Gaur, Varsha Singhal, Neeraj Parakh, Balram Bhargava, Amit Sharma
Trimethylamine (TMA) is a tertiary amine with a characteristic fishy odour. It is synthesised from dietary constituents, including choline, L-carnitine, betaine and lecithin by the action of microbial enzymes during both healthy and diseased conditions in humans. Trimethylaminuria (TMAU) is a disease typified by its association with the characteristic fishy odour because of decreased TMA metabolism and excessive TMA excretion. Besides TMAU, a number of other diseases are associated with abnormal levels of TMA, including renal disorders, cancer, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and neuropsychiatric disorders...
April 29, 2016: Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27067391/a-unified-analytic-framework-for-prioritization-of-non-coding-variants-of-uncertain-significance-in-heritable-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#17
Eliseos J Mucaki, Natasha G Caminsky, Ami M Perri, Ruipeng Lu, Alain Laederach, Matthew Halvorsen, Joan H M Knoll, Peter K Rogan
BACKGROUND: Sequencing of both healthy and disease singletons yields many novel and low frequency variants of uncertain significance (VUS). Complete gene and genome sequencing by next generation sequencing (NGS) significantly increases the number of VUS detected. While prior studies have emphasized protein coding variants, non-coding sequence variants have also been proven to significantly contribute to high penetrance disorders, such as hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC). We present a strategy for analyzing different functional classes of non-coding variants based on information theory (IT) and prioritizing patients with large intragenic deletions...
April 11, 2016: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055460/variants-of-plcxd3-are-not-associated-with-variant-or-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-in-a-large-international-study
#18
Rubika Balendra, James Uphill, Claire Collinson, Ronald Druyeh, Gary Adamson, Holger Hummerich, Inga Zerr, Pierluigi Gambetti, John Collinge, Simon Mead
BACKGROUND: Human prion diseases are relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorders which include sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) and variant CJD (vCJD). Aside from variants of the prion protein gene (PRNP) replicated association at genome-wide levels of significance has proven elusive. A recent association study identified variants in or near to the PLCXD3 gene locus as strong disease risk factors in multiple human prion diseases. This study claimed the first non-PRNP locus to be highly significantly associated with prion disease in genomic studies...
April 7, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025129/-place-remaxol-as-a-hepatoprotector-in-intensive-therapy-of-pervasive-peritonitis
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yu P Orlov, V N Lukach, N V Govorova, A V Gluschenko, O D Dmitriva
UNLABELLED: PERPOSE OF RESEARCH: to evaluate the effectiveness of Remaxol in patients with pervasive peritonitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: assessed the effectiveness of a balanced infusion of the drug (Remaxol) in the treatment of 44 patients agedfrom 18 to 50 years. Patients were devided into 2 groups by the method of envelopes. All patients received a comprehensive differential therapy: 21 patient 1 group consisting of infusion therapy in the postoperative period received Remaxol at a dose of 800 mg/day for 7 days...
November 2015: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013961/sensitization-and-interoception-as-key-neurological-concepts-in-osteopathy-and-other-manual-medicines
#20
REVIEW
Giandomenico D'Alessandro, Francesco Cerritelli, Pietro Cortelli
Historically, approaches used in manual medicine to explain patient reported symptoms have been focused on the so-called exteroceptive paradigm. Arguably, this mindset lacks an appropriate "reading system" able to interpret musculoskeletal disorders from a different perspective, where the properties of the nervous system are embraced into a more holistic and functional-related context. Interestingly, if the underpinning mechanisms of a given treatment scenario/effect are taking into account, the majority of research outcomes focuses on a proprioceptive/exteroceptive explanation, leaving ting aside the additional or even central role of interoception...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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