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Ming-Dong Zhang, Jie Su, Csaba Adori, Valentina Cinquina, Katarzyna Malenczyk, Fatima Girach, Changgeng Peng, Patrik Ernfors, Peter Löw, Lotta Borgius, Ole Kiehn, Masahiko Watanabe, Mathias Uhlén, Nicholas Mitsios, Jan Mulder, Tibor Harkany, Tomas Hökfelt
Painful signals are transmitted by mutisynaptic glutamatergic pathways. Their first synapse between primary nociceptors and excitatory spinal interneurons gates sensory load. Glutamate release herein is orchestrated by Ca2+ sensor proteins with neuronal calcium-binding protein 2 (NECAB2) being particularly abundant. However, neither the importance of NECAB2+ neuronal contingents in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord nor function-determination by NECAB2 has been defined. A combination of histochemistry and single-cell RNA-seq showed NECAB2 in small/medium-sized C- and Aδ D-hair low threshold mechanoreceptors in DRG, as well as in protein kinase γ-positive excitatory spinal interneurons...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Mikkel H Møller, Clemens Glombitza, Mark A Lever, Longhui Deng, Yuki Morono, Fumio Inagaki, Mechthild Doll, Chin-Chia Su, Bente A Lomstein
We investigated the impact of temperature on the microbial turnover of organic matter (OM) in a hydrothermal vent system in Guaymas Basin, by calculating microbial bio- and necromass turnover times based on the culture-independent D:L-amino acid model. Sediments were recovered from two stations near hydrothermal mounds (<74°C) and from one cold station (<9°C). Cell abundance at the two hydrothermal stations dropped from 108 to 106 cells cm-3 within ∼5 m of sediment depth resulting in a 100-fold lower cell number at this depth than at the cold site where numbers remained constant at 108 cells cm-3 throughout the recovered sediment...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Stephanie W Lo, Rebecca A Gladstone, Andries J van Tonder, Paulina A Hawkins, Brenda Kwambana-Adams, Jennifer E Cornick, Shabir A Madhi, Susan A Nzenze, Mignon du Plessis, Rama Kandasamy, Philip E Carter, Özgen Köseoglu Eser, Pak Leung Ho, Naima Elmdaghri, Sadia Shakoor, Stuart C Clarke, Martin Antonio, Dean B Everett, Anne von Gottberg, Keith P Klugman, Lesley McGee, Robert F Breiman, Stephen D Bentley
A newly recognized pneumococcal serotype 35D, which differs from the 35B polysaccharide in structure and serology by not binding to factor serum 35a, was recently reported. The genetic basis for this distinctive serology is due to the presence of an inactivating mutation in wciG , which encodes an O-acetyltransferase responsible for O-acetylation of a galactofuranose. Here, we assessed the genomic data of a worldwide pneumococcal collection to identify serotype 35D isolates and understand their geographical distribution, genetic background and invasiveness potential...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
X J Zhang, X M Cui, R Y Chen, H T Sun, J J Zhou, L D Jiang
Objective: to investigate the clinical characteristics and disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with hyperuricemia. Method: Laboratory tests, magnetic resonance imaging, disease activity and functional index of AS patients from Fudan University Zhongshan Hospital were collected. T test, square test were applied to investigate the difference between AS patients with hyperuricemia and AS patients with normal serum uric acid in clinical characteristics and disease activity in AS patients. Result: Among all the AS patients, 23...
April 3, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Julia Martín, María Del Mar Orta, Santiago Medina-Carrasco, Juan Luis Santos, Irene Aparicio, Esteban Alonso
In this work, the removal of different types of emerging pollutants (four perfluoroalkyl compounds, two preservatives, three surfactants and nine pharmaceutical compounds) from aqueous solution by adsorption onto two novel synthetic clays, a high-charge swelling mica (Na-Mica-4) and an organo-functionalized mica (C18 -Mica-4), was evaluated. Na-Mica-4 and C18 -Mica- 4 were prepared and characterized by X-Ray diffraction, Zeta potential, specific surface area, thermogravimetric analysis and transmission electron microscopy, before and after adsorption experiments...
July 2018: Environmental Research
Sonia Iurian, Elena Dinte, Cristina Iuga, Cătălina Bogdan, Iuliana Spiridon, Lucian Barbu-Tudoran, Andreea Bodoki, Ioan Tomuţă, Sorin E Leucuţa
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the funtion of fenugreek seed mucilage (FSM) as potential matrix forming agent for orodispersible pharmaceutical lyophilisates. The FSM was isolated and characterized. FSM colloidal dispersions were prepared and the rheological evaluation was performed. Oral lyophilisates (OLs) with different FSM concentrations, containing meloxicam as model drug were prepared by freeze drying method. The OLs were characterized and compared to gelatin containing tablets, prepared under the same conditions...
December 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Yang Lv, Xueni Li, Lin Zhang, Yutao Shi, Linxiao DU, Binying Ding, Yongqing Hou, Joshua Gong, Tao Wu
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is primary pathogenic bacteria of piglet diarrhea, over two thirds of piglets diarrhea caused by ETEC are resulted from STa-producing ETEC strains. This experiment was conducted to construct the recombinant E. coli expressing STa and study the injury and mechanism of recombinant E. coli expressing STa on 7 days old piglets colon. Twenty-four 7 days old piglets were allotted to four treatments: control group, STa group (2 × 109 CFU E. coli LMG194-STa), LMG194 group (2 × 109 CFU E...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Tobias Getzin, Marcus May, Martina Schmidbauer, Marcel Gutberlet, Petros Martirosian, Reinhard Oertel, Frank Wacker, Christoph Schindler, Katja Hueper
The purpose of this study was to evaluate contrast-media-free arterial spin labeling, a technique of functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), for assessment of kidney perfusion in a clinical study. We examined renal perfusion by arterial spin labeling in 15 healthy adults using a clinical 1.5-T MRI system, twice under baseline conditions and 60 minutes after a single oral dose of 50 mg captopril. Data evaluation included assessment of interstudy and interrater reproducibility in addition to the pharmacological effect of captopril on kidney perfusion and a sample size calculation for potential application of the technique in pharmacological intervention studies...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Jooho Park, Jeong Uk Choi, Kwangmeyung Kim, Youngro Byun
The development of highly funtional and orally available nanoparticles is the ultimate goal in nanoparticle delivery. Various functional nanoparticles have been studied to that end but there has yet to be an oral nanoparticle that can be successfully applied. Here, we describe for the first time a novel bile acid conjugated nanoparticle that can be selectively absorbed by bile acid transporters in the small intestine. The bile acid conjugate nanoparticles that were first treated with enterocytes were successfully attached to the cell surface and then internalized inside the cells...
September 18, 2017: Biomaterials
Lei Chen, Mingpeng Wang, Li Huang, Zhaojie Zhang, Fanghua Liu, Guangtao Lu
BACKGROUND: The phytopathogenic Xanthomonas campestris pv.campestris is a gram-negative bacterium and the causal agent of black-rot disease of cruciferous crops. Many gram-negative bacteria possess a family of proteins, called Dsbs, which are involved in disulfide bond formation in certain periplasmic proteins. In our preliminary screening of the virulence to the plants we identified that gene XC_0531 which annotated gene dsbD of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is related to the virulence to the host plants...
June 27, 2017: BMC Microbiology
L Duan, Y X Lu, W J Shen, X Liu, J X Liu, Y H Zhang, J Ge, Y Zhao, K Niu, W Y Wang
Objective: To assess the long-term effectiveness of the transvaginal high uterosacral ligament suspension (HUS) in women suffering from advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Methods: A retrospective review of records identified 118 women who underwent transvaginal HUS with or without additional concomitant anterior and (or) posterior repairs from June 2003 to August 2009 in the First Affiliated Hospital, General Hospital of People's Liberation Army. Of 118 women, 104 women completed the follow-up during study period; these 104 women were analysed...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Chada Raji Reddy, Ravi Ranjan, Santosh Kumar Prajapti, Kamalkishor Warudikar
Harnessing of Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) carbonates of acetylenic aldehydes as handy synthons has allowed a facile synthesis of azaspirocyclohexadienones by sequential DABCO-promoted sulfonamidation/ICl-mediated ipso-iodocyclization reactions. A variety of MBH-carbonates having aryl or heteroaryl groups on the alkyne functionality fruitfully participated in the one-pot ipso-annulation reaction to provide the corresponding 3-iodo spirocyclohexadienones. The sulphonamide functionality was further utilized to construct the tricyclic fused-sultam framework...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Marcelo L Merli, Brenda A Cirulli, Simón M Menéndez-Bravo, Julia A Cricco
Trypanosoma cruzi , the causative agent of Chagas disease, presents a complex life cycle and adapts its metabolism to nutrients' availability. Although T. cruzi is an aerobic organism, it does not produce heme. This cofactor is acquired from the host and is distributed and inserted into different heme-proteins such as respiratory complexes in the parasite's mitochondrion. It has been proposed that T. cruzi's energy metabolism relies on a branched respiratory chain with a cytochrome c oxidase-type aa 3 (C c O) as the main terminal oxidase...
June 27, 2017: Biochemical Journal
Mirele B Pinto, Antonio Lenito Soares, Andy Mella Orellana, Hélio A Duarte, Heitor A De Abreu
Different polymorphs of Nb2 O5 can be obtained depending on the pressure and temperature of calcination leading to different catalytic properties. Two polymorphs of niobia, T-Nb2 O5 and B-Nb2 O5 , have been investigated by means of density functional/plane waves method. The equation of state predicted that B-Nb2 O5 phase is more stable than the T-Nb2 O5 at low temperature; however at high pressure both phases are stable. These results are in good agreement with the available experimental data. The calculated cohesive energies of 6...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Qiyao Luo, Liang Zhao, Jianxing Hu, Hongwei Jin, Zhenming Liu, Liangren Zhang
Target fishing often relies on the use of reverse docking to identify potential target proteins of ligands from protein database. The limitation of reverse docking is the accuracy of current scoring funtions used to distinguish true target from non-target proteins. Many contemporary scoring functions are designed for the virtual screening of small molecules without special optimization for reverse docking, which would be easily influenced by the properties of protein pockets, resulting in scoring bias to the proteins with certain properties...
2017: PloS One
M Riedel, N Sabir, F W Scheller, W J Parak, F Lisdat
The combination of the biocatalytic features of enzymes with the unique physical properties of nanoparticles in a biohybrid system provides a promising approach for the development of advanced bioelectrocatalytic devices. This study describes the construction of photoelectrochemical signal chains based on CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD) modified gold electrodes as light switchable elements, and low molecular weight redox molecules for the combination with different biocatalysts. Photoelectrochemical and photoluminescence experiments verify that electron transfer can be achieved between the redox molecules hexacyanoferrate and ferrocene, and the QDs under illumination...
February 3, 2017: Nanoscale
Roman A Romanov, Alán Alpár, Tomas Hökfelt, Tibor Harkany
Hormonal responses to acute stress rely on the rapid induction of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) production in the mammalian hypothalamus, with subsequent instructive steps culminating in corticosterone release at the periphery. Hypothalamic CRH neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus are therefore considered as 'stress neurons'. However, significant morphological and functional diversity among neurons that can transiently produce CRH in other hypothalamic nuclei has been proposed, particularly as histochemical and molecular biology evidence associates CRH to both GABA and glutamate neurotransmission...
March 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
Ananthan Alagumalai, Munavvar Fairoos M K, Punitharasu Vellimalai, Manik Chandra Sil, Jayaraj Nithyanandhan
Squaraine dyes are promising chromophores to harvest visible and near-infrared (NIR) photons. A series of indoline-based unsymmetrical squaraine (SQ) dyes that contain alkyl chains at sp(3) C- and N- atoms of indoline moieties with a carboxylic acid anchoring group were synthesized. The optical and electrochemical properties of the SQ dyes in solution were nearly identical as there was no change in the D-A-D SQ framework; however, remarkable changes with respect to the power conversion efficiencies (PCE) were observed depending upon the position of alkyl groups in the dye...
December 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Li Qi, Zhong Lu, Yong-Hong Sun, Hai-Tao Song, Wei-Kang Xu
Prostate carcinoma is a devastating disease which is characterized by insidious early symptoms, rapid progression and a poor prognosis. Tripartite motif-containing protein 16 (TRIM16) was identified as an estrogen- and antiestrogen-regulated gene in epithelial cells stably expressing estrogen receptors. The protein encoded by this gene contains two B-box domains and a coiled-coiled region that are characteristic of the B-box zinc finger protein family. Proteins belonging to this family have been reported to be involved in a variety of biological processes including cell growth, differentiation and pathogenesis...
December 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Sofía Jerez, Héctor Araya, Roman Thaler, M Cristine Charlesworth, Remigio López-Solís, Alexis M Kalergis, Pablo F Céspedes, Amel Dudakovic, Gary S Stein, Andre J van Wijnen, Mario Galindo
Osteosarcomas are the most prevalent bone tumors in pediatric patients, but can also occur later in life. Bone tumors have the potential to metastasize to lung and occasionally other vital organs. To understand how osteosarcoma cells interact with their micro-environment to support bone tumor progression and metastasis, we analyzed secreted proteins and exosomes from three human osteosarcoma cell lines. Exosome isolation was validated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and immuno-blotting for characteristic biomarkers (CD63, CD9, and CD81)...
February 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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