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Pediatric ingestion

Donna L Seger, Justin K Loden
CONTEXT: Following clonidine ingestion, naloxone is seldom administered as it is considered ineffective in reversing somnolence, bradycardia, or hypotension. However, this conclusion has been based on administration of small doses (2 mg or less) of naloxone. The somnolence is frequently treated with endotracheal intubation (ETI), a procedure with significant morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine if naloxone administration reversed the effects of clonidine or caused any adverse effects...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
L O Gonçalves, M M Lopes, E R Rezende, G Rs Segundo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the incidence of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in childhood. The study aim is to determine the incidence of EoE in pediatric patients submitted to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE), with analysis of epidemiological data regarding sex, age, symptomatology, the frequency of atopy and endoscopic and histological findings. METHODS: A retrospective, observational and analytical study performed with an evaluation of medical records of patients aged 0 to 14 years who underwent to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in a tertiary hospital from January 2004 to January 2014...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Veronika Hammer, Katharina Hammer, Nima Memaran, Wolf-Dietrich Huber, Karin Hammer, Johann Hammer
BACKGROUND: Limited valid data are available regarding the association of fructose-induced symptoms, fructose malabsorption, and clinical symptoms. AIM: To develop a questionnaire for valid symptom assessment before and during a carbohydrate breath test and to correlate symptoms with fructose breath test results in children/adolescents with functional abdominal pain. METHODS: A Likert-type questionnaire assessing symptoms considered relevant for hydrogen breath test in children was developed and underwent initial validation...
March 7, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Jason M Kane, Jeffrey D Colvin, Allison H Bartlett, Matt Hall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There has been a rapid increase in the rate of pediatric opioid-related hospitalizations. It is unknown how this increase has impacted the use of pediatric critical care. Our objective in this study was to assess the trends in pediatric hospitalization for opioid ingestions in a cohort of US children's hospitals and, specifically, to evaluate the impact on pediatric critical care resource use. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of the Pediatric Health Information System was performed to identify hospitalizations for opioid ingestions from 2004 to 2015...
March 5, 2018: Pediatrics
Mohammed H El Fahar
Oral chemical burn injuries induce more damage to the underlying tissues with extensive scarring. It is very well known that alkali causes severe liquefaction necrosis and injury to the deeper tissues. Pediatric facial burns must be managed thoroughly and always require complex reconstruction, which is a challenging process. So, any reconstructive surgeon must be aware of all the deformities that may have significant functional and aesthetic impact on the burn survivors especially children. Few medical studies addressed pediatric microsurgical reconstruction for oral burn injuries induced by chemical materials...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
B J A Smarius, C H A L Guillaume, G Jonker, A B Mink van der Molen, C C Breugem
OBJECTIVES: Throat packs are commonly used to prevent ingestion or aspiration of blood and other debris during cleft lip/palate surgery. However, dislodgement or (partial) retainment after extubation could have serious consequences. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of omitting pharyngeal packing during cleft lip/palate surgery on the incidence of early postoperative complications in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on all children who underwent cleft lip/palate surgery at the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Abilash Srinivasa Murthy, Siddhartha Das, Srinivas Bheemanathi Hanuman
Hydrocarbons are volatile substances that are used in routine life activities for cooking or as automobile fuel. Diesel is one of the commonly used automobile fuels obtained from crude oil. Death due to poisoning by diesel is rarely reported. Most commonly affected is the respiratory system either after aspiration or ingestion. The most common presentation is chemical pneumonitis or aspiration pneumonitis from which patient usually recovers. Gas chromatography techniques help in the detection of volatile substances like diesel...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Justin Godbout, Stephen A Harding, Silas W Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Suzanne S Puentes, Michele Dunstan
Escherichia coli is a bacterium that is an important part of the intestinal tract; however, it has the potential to become pathogenic. Shiga toxin-producing E coli (STEC) is a leading cause of E coli infections and has led to outbreaks in North America. Transmission is through ingestion of contaminated food sources, and via infected humans and animals. Young children infected with STEC are at high risk for developing hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). HUS is a clinical syndrome characterized by macroangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure...
March 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
Osei Boadu, Grace Y Gombolay, Verne S Caviness, Chadi M El Saleeby
Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. In young children, there are relatively few reports in the literature of acute marijuana intoxication. Here, we describe the case of a previously healthy 2-year-old girl who presented with clinical seizures. A urine toxicology screen showed elevated levels of tetrahydrocannabinol. The source of the drug was not identified. After a short stay in the hospital, the patient fully recovered with only supportive measures. In this report, we also summarize all domestic and international cases of marijuana intoxication in children younger than 6 years, in conjunction with the number of exposures in children of similar age identified by the US National Poison Data System...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
M Fuger, C Desmoulins, N Khen Dunlop, F Gobbo, P Blakime, G Chéron
Foreign body ingestion is a common pediatric complaint. Most foreign bodies pass spontaneously through the gastrointestinal tract, but bowel obstruction is a rare complication that can occur. We report a case of a 14-month-old infant with complete bowel obstruction due to ingestion of a polymer bead used for botanical arrangements. A laparotomy was performed to remove the object, resolving the symptoms. Polymer beads are brightly coloured and are of a size that is easy to swallow by very young children, increasing the risk of accidental ingestion...
January 27, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
M E Capra, N G De Paulis, M Montagni, S Peveri, E Savi, G Biasucci
Anakinra, one of the novel biological agents, is a recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist. It is preferred as an alternative drug for familial Mediterranean fever cases where colchicine is not sufficient or cannot be used due to its side effects. Like all other biologics, hypersensitivity reactions to anakinra are quite rare. This is the first case which was successfully desensitized with anakinra after a severe immediate-type hypersensitivity reaction. We report a case of WDEIA in an asthmatic boy admitted to our Unit with suspected mushroom acute toxicity...
November 23, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
R Francavilla, F Cristofori, L Verzillo, A Gentile, S Castellaneta, C Polloni, V Giorgio, E Verduci, E D'Angelo, S Dellatte, F Indrio
OBJECTIVES: Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms that are related to the ingestion of gluten in subjects who are not affected by either celiac disease (CD) or wheat allergy (WA). In this multicenter study, we aim for the first time to evaluate the prevalence of NCGS in pediatric subjects with chronic functional gastrointestinal symptoms associated with gluten ingestion using a double-blind placebo-controlled (DBPC) gluten challenge with crossover...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Katarzyna Pawłowska, Rafał Seredyński, Wioleta Umławska, Barbara Iwańczak
Introduction: Lactose malabsorption arises from lactase deficiency and may lead to lactose intolerance - gastrointestinal symptoms after lactose ingestion. Occurrence and severity of the symptoms are influenced by many factors, including the dose of lactose and the intensity of its colonic fermentation to short chain fatty acids and gases. Material and methods: The hydrogen breath test (HBT) after 30 g or 50 g of lactose was performed in 387 children. Further analysis included children who had a positive HBT result...
January 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Sultan Alghadeer, Manal Alrohaimi, Abeer Althiban, Nora A Kalagi, Bander Balkhi, Anas A Khan
Introduction: Although the majority of poisoning-related cases can be managed in home settings, reduction of hospital visits and admissions are still important challenge. Thousands of interventions are involved and the appropriate management of poisoning is therefore a major task and burden to any institution. Therefore, the present study was aimed to identify the most common classes of toxic substances and route of poisoning in children and to investigate the pattern of drug and chemical poisoning in suspected case fatalities, the subsequent need for hospital admission and arrival time to hospital...
January 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Gloria Ríos, Lorena Rodríguez, Yalda Lucero, Isabel Miquel, María Eugenia Arancibia, Francisco Alliende
BACKGROUND: Ingested button batteries (BB) can cause corrosive damage of digestive mucosa within minutes. Immediate endoscopic removal of esophageal BB has been clearly established, but the management of BB located in the stomach is still controversial. AIM: To describe demographic, clinical, radiologic, and endoscopic characteristics of a series of pediatric patients evaluated for BB ingestion. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical charts belonging to children younger than 15 years, who underwent endoscopic removal of BB at Clínica Alemana of Santiago, between November 2007 and November 2011...
January 23, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ágnes Varga, Tamás Kovács, Amulya K Saxena
AIM: Button battery ingestion (BBI) in children may cause severe complications. This analysis is a literature review of complications after pediatric BBI. METHODS: Literature was searched on PubMed (1995-2015) using the terms "button battery," "ingestion," and "children." End points were age, type and diameter of battery, complications, affected organ, and fatality. RESULTS: A total of 31 publications were analyzed...
January 23, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Nicole Lubcke, Kevin Van Camp
Crizotinib is an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor, approved by the FDA in 2011, for use in anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive, metastatic, non-small cell lung cancer. Crizotinib inhibits oncogenic protein expression and impairs cellular proliferation in tumors with an overexpressed anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene. Currently used most frequently in the adult patient population, pediatric use is becoming more prominent, specifically in disease states exhibiting anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive, metastatic disease, such as neuroblastoma...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Josephine Misun Jung, Radhika Peddinti
Lead toxicity is the result of lead ingestion, one of the most common ingestions in the pediatric population. Nationwide and statewide efforts to recognize and curtail this epidemic have led to declining rates of toxicity. In patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), lead toxicity can be an elusive diagnosis due to overlapping symptom profiles, and inconsistent follow-up with a primary care physician can make the diagnosis even more difficult. In this article, two illustrative cases of lead toxicity in patients with SCD are described...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Hazwani Binte Hamzah, Vigil James, Suraj Manickam, Sashikumar Ganapathy
OBJECTIVE: Foreign body ingestion is a common problem for which children present to the emergency department. The most common ingested foreign bodies among children are coins. Metal detector is an equipment, which measures a change in inductance of a coil when an electroconductive material is placed near it and produces an audio-visual signal. The present study was conducted to determine the effectiveness and feasibility of HMD in the local Pediatric population. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in the pediatric emergency department among children presenting with history of foreign body ingestion...
January 4, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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