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Marlene Pereira Galdino, Luiz Fernando Longuim Pegoraro, Laura Olalla Saad, David Grodberg, Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Autism Mental Status Examination (AMSE) in a Brazilian sample of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A sample of 260 children and adolescents, comprising 56 (21.5%) females and 204 (78.5%) males, was assessed. The participants were submitted to both the childhood autism rating scale (CARS-BR) and the AMSE. The CARS-BR was used to estimate ASD severity and the cutoff point on the AMSE. Spearman's correlation test was employed to determine the correlation between the AMSE and CARS-BR scales...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Kai Feng, Zhi-Sheng Xu, Jie-Xia Liu, Jing-Wen Li, Feng Wang, Ai-Sheng Xiong
This study showed that a galactosyltransferase, AgUCGalT1, is involved in anthocyanin galactosylation in purple celery. Celery is a well-known vegetable because of its rich nutrients, low calories, and medicinal values. Its petioles and leaf blades are the main organs acting as nutrient sources. UDP-galactose: cyanidin 3-O-galactosyltransferase can transfer the galactosyl moiety from UDP-galactose to the 3-O-position of cyanidin through glycosylation. This process enhances the stability and water solubility of anthocyanins...
March 8, 2018: Planta
S Sarshar, J Sendker, X Qin, F M Goycoolea, M R Asadi Karam, M Habibi, S Bouzari, U Dobrindt, A Hensel
Fruits from Apium graveolens (Celery) are used traditionally in Persian and European medicine for the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections. No data are available on A. graveolens extract on the interplay between uropathogenic E. coli and the eukaryotic host cells and on quorum sensing of the bacteria. The present study aimed to characterize an antiadhesive and anti quorum sensing effect of a characterized A. graveolens extract by specific in vitro assays and to correlate these effects with in vivo data obtained by an animal infection model...
February 26, 2018: Fitoterapia
Siska Siska, Abdul Mun Im, Anton Bahtiar, Franciscus D Suyatna
Apium graveolens (celery) is an edible and traditionally medicinal plant that is used worldwide, among others for the treatment of hypertension. Combining celery with antihypertensive drugs can affect the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the latter drugs. The aim of the study is to assess the effects of administrating the celery extract on captopril pharmacokinetics. Sprague-Dawley strain rats were divided into two groups ( n = 6). Group I was given captopril (10 mg/kg Body Weight (BW)) orally, while Group II was pretreated with celery extract orally (40 mg/kg BW) an hour before administration of captopril...
February 16, 2018: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Yusni Yusni, Hendra Zufry, Firdalena Meutia, Krishna W Sucipto
To analyze the effect of celery leaf extract on blood glucose and plasma insulin levels in elderly pre-diabetics. Methods: This study was conducted between March and November 2014 at the Faculty of Medicine, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest with a control group was conducted with elderly pre-diabetic volunteers. The subjects included 16 elderly pre-diabetics older than 60 (6 males and 10 females). The subjects were randomly divided into 2 groups: a control group (placebo-treated) and a treatment group (celery-treated)...
February 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Xiaomin Xu, Lingyun Li, Xiaodong Huang, Huan Lin, Guangyang Liu, Donghui Xu, Jianhui Jiang
The present study investigated the concentrations of residues of four groups of pesticides in the People's Republic of China: organophosphorus, carbamate, pyrethroid, and triazine pesticides. Twenty-six pesticides were examined using gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in 2,169 samples of 12 typical vegetables collected from 15 provinces in China. The results showed that 908 (41.9%) samples were positive, with 133 (6.1%) samples exceeding the limit legal in China...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Mohamed F Azzazy
A palynological study of samples collected from the Tell el-Daba'a (Avaris) archaeological site, the capital of the Hyksos located in the Northeastern Nile Delta, Egypt, was conducted. A range of samples were analyzed for pollen content: mudbricks from tomb walls dating from the Middle (cal. 2124-1778 BC) and New Kingdom ages (cal. 1550-1750 BC), kitchen remains dating from the Middle Kingdom, kitchen middens from the 19th Dynasty (cal. 1750-1058 BC), and tomb offering jars from the Late Period (cal.1000-600 BC)...
2018: PloS One
Steven J Lehotay, Lijun Han, Yelena Sapozhnikova
In routine monitoring of foods, reduction of analyzed test portion size generally leads to higher sample throughput, less labor, and lower costs of monitoring, but to meet analytical needs, the test portions still need to accurately represent the original bulk samples. With the intent to determine minimal fit-for-purpose sample size, analyses were conducted for up to 93 incurred and added pesticide residues in 10 common fruits and vegetables processed using different sample comminution equipment. The commodities studied consisted of apple, banana, broccoli, celery, grape, green bean, peach, potato, orange, and squash...
February 6, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Ko-Eun Hwang, Tae-Kyung Kim, Hyun-Wook Kim, Dong-Ho Seo, Young-Boong Kim, Ki-Hong Jeon, Yun-Sang Choi
Objective: The effect of pre-converted nitrites from natural sources (spinach, lettuce, celery, and red beet) on color development in raw and cooked pork sausage was investigated in this study. Methods: The pork sausage was manufactured with six treatments: NC (negative control, nitrite free), PC (positive control, 150 ppm sodium nitrite), FS (3.0% fermented spinach extracts), FL (3.0% fermented lettuce extracts), FC (3.0% fermented celery extracts), and FR (3.0% fermented red beet extracts)...
January 26, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
S Dölle, S Welter, E Ruppel, K Lehmann, D Schwarz, E Jensen-Jarolim, P Zieglmayer, P Franken, M Worm
BACKGROUND: Celery (Apium graveolens L.) is a vegetable consumed worldwide. Celery stalks and celeriac roots are often ingredients in convenient food products like spice blends and soups. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the allergenicity of distinct celeriac cultivars. METHODS: Sixteen celery allergic patients were identified using a double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC). Ten different celeriac cultivars were used for skin prick testing in the patients...
January 25, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Rui Li, De-Wang Li, Ai-Lan Yan, Chun-Lai Hong, Hui-Ping Liu, Le-Hua Pan, Ming-Yi Song, Zhi-Xi Dai, Ming-Li Ye, Huan-Xin Weng
Biofortification of crops with exogenous iodine is a novel strategy to control iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). The bioaccessibility of iodine (BI) in the biofortified vegetables in the course of soaking, cooking and digestion, were examined. Under hydroponics, the concentration of iodine in leafstalks of the celery and pakchoi increased with increasing exogenous iodine concentration, 54.8-63.9% of the iodine absorbed by pakchoi was stored in the soluble cellular substance. Being soaked in water within 8 h, the iodine loss rate of the biofortified celery was 3...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
M Akbarian-Tefaghi, E Ghasemi, M Khorvash
This study evaluated the supplementation effects of three herbal plants (thyme [THY], eucalyptus [EUC] and celery [CEL]), a commercial phytogenic additive ‎containing essential oils (PFA-EO, Digestarom® P.E.P.) and monensin (MON) in calf starter on performance, rumen fermentation and blood metabolites during pre- (days 3-55) and post-weaning (days 56-70). Sixty-six Holstein dairy calves (3 days of age, 41.2 ± 3 kg of BW) were allocated to one of six starters supplemented with: (i) no additives (CON), (ii) MON (30 mg/kg), (iii) THY (23 g/kg), (iv) CEL (23 g/kg), (v) EUC (23 g/kg) and (vi) PFA-EO (3 g/kg)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Nuray Bayar Muluk, Cemal Cingi
OBJECTIVES: To review oral allergy syndrome (OAS). METHODS: We searched several medical literature data bases with the following key words: "oral allergy syndrome," "OAS," "pollen-food allergy syndrome," "PFAS," "allergy," "diagnosis," "treatment." RESULTS: Oral allergy syndrome (OAS), also called "pollen-food allergy syndrome," is a type of food allergy brought about by flavors, nuts, raw fruit, and vegetables...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Hanna Rose, Edgar Maiss
The complete genome sequence of a German isolate of celery mosaic virus (CeMV, a potyvirus) from Quedlinburg (DSMZ PV-1003) was determined (MF962880). This represents the second fully sequenced genome of this virus, along with a Californian isolate (HQ676607.1). The positive-sense single-stranded RNA is 10,000 nucleotides in length and shows the typical organization of potyviruses but has a shorter PIPO than CeMV California. In comparison to CeMV isolates from different origins, CeMV-Quedlinburg and isolates from the Netherlands (AF203531...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Virology
Azar Babaei, Mohsen Zeeb, Ali Es-Haghi
BACKGROUND: Magnetic graphene oxide nanocomposite has been proposed as promising and sustainable sorbent for the extraction and separation of target analytes from food matrices. Sample preparation based on nanocomposite presents several advantages such as desired efficiency, reasonable selectivity and high surface area-to-volume ratio. RESULTS: A new graphene oxide/Fe3 O4 @polythionine (GO/Fe3 O4 @PTh) nanocomposite sorbent was introduced for magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction (MDSPE) and flame atomic absorption spectrometric (FAAS) detection of zinc (II) in water, flour, celery and egg...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Kaoru Hida, Efstathia Papafragkou, Michael Kulka
The development of rapid and sensitive detection methods for human noroviruses (HuNoV) in produce items is critical, especially with the recent rise in outbreaks associated with this food commodity. In this study, 50-g portions of various produce items linked to a norovirus outbreak (celery, cucumber, lettuce, grapes, and radish) were artificially inoculated with murine norovirus (MNV-1) and concentrated either by ultracentrifugation or polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation after elution with an alkaline Tris-glycine-beef extract buffer supplemented with pectinase...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
Raquel Godinho Hokama Dos Santos, Eloisa Helena Rubelo Valler Celeri
OBJECTIVE: To study the applicability of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ 2,4-p) as a screening tool for mental health problems in preschoolers, in the context of Primary Health Care; to evaluate the mental health problems of the sample, comparing data from SDQ (2,4-p) and from the Child Behavior Check List (CBCL 1½-5 years). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study with a convenience sample of 31-50-month-old children, whose caretakers provided informational reports...
December 7, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Adam Kowalczyk, Agnieszka Bodalska, Marta Miranowicz, Katarzyna Karłowicz-Bodalska
Flavonoids, naturally occuring derivatives of 2-phenyl-benzo-γ-pyrone, are widespread in plants as coloring substances. Apigenin (4',5,7,-trihydroxyflavone (5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one), molecular formula C₁₅H₁₀O⁵, is a flavonoid present in many fruits and vegetables, primarily in citrus fruits, apples, parsley and celery leaves. It is also found in some medicinal plants, including chamomile flowers, thyme, oregano, peppermint, lemon balm and yarrow, as a 7-O-glycoside with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Shuyan Li, Jijin Li, Bangxi Zhang, Danyang Li, Guoxue Li, Yangyang Li
The effect of chicken manure after different disposal methods (water-logged composting, GOF; anaerobic digestion, BR; thermophilic composting, ROF) on vegetable growth and environmental risk was investigated under the tomato-celery-tomato field. Results showed that organic fertilizers significantly increased vegetable yield and quality, but with inappropriate application may cause serious environmental risk such as nitrate pollution. Maximum vegetable yield of 80.9, 68.3, 112.7 t·ha-1 (first, second and third rotation crop, respectively) with best vegetable quality was obtained in ROF treatment...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mark A Blankestijn, André C Knulst, Edward F Knol, Thuy-My Le, Heike Rockmann, Henny G Otten, Rob J B Klemans
Background: The extent of co-sensitization within and between food protein families in an adult population is largely unknown. This study aimed to identify the most frequently recognized components in the PR-10 and storage protein family, as well as patterns in (co-)sensitization, in a birch-endemic area. Methods: Results of ImmunoCAP ISAC, performed during routine care in Dutch adult outpatients suspected of food allergy, were collected. Results: A total of 305 patients were selected, aged 16-79 years (median 32 years)...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
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