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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317720/non-destructive-determination-and-visualisation-of-insoluble-and-soluble-dietary-fibre-contents-in-fresh-cut-celeries-during-storage-periods-using-hyperspectral-imaging-technique
#1
Ling Yan, Chuanwu Xiong, Hao Qu, Changhong Liu, Wei Chen, Lei Zheng
The feasibility of using hyperspectral imaging technique to non-destructively determine insoluble dietary fibre (IDF) and soluble dietary fibre (SDF) contents in fresh-cut celeries and visualise their spatial distribution during 28-day storage periods was investigated. Genetic synergy interval partial least square (GA-Si-PLS) algorithm was developed to establish calibration model, which, superior to the PLS and Si-PLS developed models, achieved the prediction performance with Rp of 0.9638 and 0.9756, and RMSEP of 1...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285420/fosfomycin-and-comparator-activity-against-select-enterobacteriaceae-pseudomonas-and-enterococcus-urinary-tract-infection-isolates-from-the-united-states-in-2012
#2
Tiffany R Keepers, Marcela Gomez, Chris Celeri, Kevin M Krause, Donald Biek, Ian Critchley
INTRODUCTION: Fosfomycin is a broad-spectrum cell wall active agent that inhibits the MurA enzyme involved in peptidoglycan synthesis and is FDA-approved for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis in women. Data regarding the susceptibility of recent UTI isolates to fosfomycin are limited. METHODS: This study compared the fosfomycin susceptibility of 658 US UTI isolates with susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, nitrofurantoin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT)...
March 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284123/the-impact-of-high-hydrostatic-pressure-on-the-functionality-and-consumer-acceptability-of-reduced-sodium-naturally-cured-wieners
#3
Z Pietrasik, N J Gaudette, S P Johnston
The effects of high pressure processing (HPP; 600MPa for 3min at 8°C) on the quality and shelf life of reduced sodium naturally-cured wieners was studied. HPP did not negatively impact processing characteristics and assisted in extending shelf life of all wiener treatments up to a 12week storage period. At week 8, HPP wieners received higher acceptability scores, indicating HPP can effectively extend the sensory quality of products, including sodium reduced formulations containing natural forms of nitrite...
February 24, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253398/otogenic-temporomandibular-arthritis-in-children
#4
Alice Burgess, Charlotte Celerier, Sylvain Breton, Thierry Van den Abbeele, Natacha Kadlub, Nicolas Leboulanger, Noël Garabedian, Vincent Couloigner
Importance: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a very rare but potentially severe complication of pediatric middle ear infections because it presents risks of TMJ ankylosis. Objective: To describe the clinical, radiological, biological, and microbiological characteristics and evolution of SATMJ complicating middle ear infections (otogenic SATMJ) in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter retrospective study included all children younger than 18 years referred between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015, for otogenic SATMJ or for TMJ ankylosis that occurred a few months to a few years after an acute mastoiditis...
March 2, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225319/cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-histological-evaluations-of-a-straight-electrode-array-positioning-in-temporal-bones
#5
Isabelle Mosnier, Charlotte Célérier, Jean-Loup Bensimon, Daniele de Seta, Olivier Sterkers, Yann Nguyen, Daniele Bernardeschi
CONCLUSION: CBCT allows a precise evaluation of the dimensions and of the shape of the cochlear duct that is of primary importance for the choice of the length and the design of the electrode array. This radio-histological study confirms that CBCT is a reliable tool to be used in clinical studies to evaluate the position of straight electrode arrays within the cochlear scala. OBJECTIVE: To validate the reliability of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the evaluation of cochlear anatomy and positioning of a straight electrode array, by comparing radiological images to histological analysis of cochlear implanted temporal bones...
March 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224908/comparison-of-multivariate-curve-resolution-strategies-in-quantitative-lcxlc-application-to-the-quantification-of-furanocoumarins-in-apiaceous-vegetables
#6
Daniel W Cook, Mackenzie L Burnham, David C Harmes, Dwight R Stoll, Sarah C Rutan
Comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography (LC × LC) has been gaining popularity for the analysis of complex samples in a wide range of fields including metabolomics, environmental analysis, and food analysis. While LC × LC can provide greater chromatographic resolution than one-dimensional LC (1D-LC), overlapping peaks are often still present in separations of complex samples, a problem that can be alleviated by chemometric curve resolution techniques such as multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS)...
April 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223753/five-cases-of-phytophotodermatitis-caused-by-fig-leaves-and-relevant-literature-review
#7
Jin-Hwa Son, Hyunju Jin, Hyang-Suk You, Woo-Haing Shim, Jeong-Min Kim, Gun-Wook Kim, Hoon-Soo Kim, Hyun-Chang Ko, Moon-Bum Kim, Byung-Soo Kim
Phytophotodermatitis is a condition caused by sequential exposure to photosensitizing substances present in plants followed by ultraviolet light. Several plants (e.g., limes, celery, fig, and wild parsnip) contain furocoumarin compounds (psoralens). It is important for dermatologists to be aware of phytophotodermatitis because it may be misdiagnosed as cellulitis, tinea, or allergic contact dermatitis. We present five patients with a sharply defined erythematous swollen patch with bullae on both feet. They described soaking their feet in a fig leaves decoction to treat their underlying dermatologic diseases...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221987/quantifying-bacterial-cross-contamination-rates-between-fresh-cut-produce-and-hands
#8
Dane A Jensen, Michelle D Danyluk, Linda J Harris, Donald W Schaffner
This study quantifies the cross-contamination rates between fresh-cut produce and hands using a nalidixic acid-resistant nonpathogenic Enterobacter aerogenes and cocktails of rifampin-resistant Salmonella or Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains. Volunteers performed the E. aerogenes experiments (n = 20), and one of the authors performed the Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 experiments multiple times (n =15 and n =10, respectively). Each participant handled 25 g of fresh-cut carrots, celery, or cantaloupe in two different scenarios...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212313/chemoprevention-of-rat-mammary-carcinogenesis-by-apiaceae-spices
#9
Farrukh Aqil, Jeyaprakash Jeyabalan, Radha Munagala, Srivani Ravoori, Manicka V Vadhanam, David J Schultz, Ramesh C Gupta
Scientific evidence suggests that many herbs and spices have medicinal properties that alleviate symptoms or prevent disease. In this study, we examined the chemopreventive effects of the Apiaceae spices, anise, caraway, and celery seeds against 17β-estrogen (E2)-mediated mammary tumorigenesis in an ACI (August-Copenhagen Irish) rat model. Female ACI rats were given either control diet (AIN 93M) or diet supplemented with 7.5% (w/w) of anise, caraway, or celery seed powder. Two weeks later, one half of the animals in each group received subcutaneous silastic implants of E2...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160212/phthalides-distribution-in-nature-chemical-reactivity-synthesis-and-biological-activity
#10
Alejandra León, Mayela Del-Ángel, José Luis Ávila, Guillermo Delgado
Phthalides are a relatively small group of natural compounds confined to several plant families and some genera of fungi and liverworts. They are divided into two structural groups, the monomeric and dimeric phthalides, and known mainly as bioactive constituents of different plant species used traditionally for medicinal purposes in Asia, Europe, and North America.The first reports on the chemistry of phthalides appeared at the end of the nineteenth century, in which they were identified as the odor constituents of the essential oil of celery (Apium graveolens) by Ciamician and Silber (1897)...
2017: Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159293/determination-of-pesticide-residues-in-leafy-vegetables-at-parts-per-billion-levels-by-a-chemometric-study-using-gc-ecd-in-cameron-highlands-malaysia
#11
Yang Farina, Md Pauzi Abdullah, Nusrat Bibi, Wan Mohd Afiq Wan Mohd Khalik
A simple and sensitive analytical method has been developed employing gas chromatography coupled with electron capture detector (GC-ECD), and validated for screening and quantification of 15 pesticide residues at trace levels in cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, lettuce, celery, spinach, and mustard. The method consists of two steps, first, to determine the significance of each factor by Pareto chart followed by optimization of these significant factors using central composite design (CCD). Minitab statistical software was used for these multivariate experiments for the generation of 2(4-1) design and CCD matrices...
June 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143892/activation-of-trpv4-by-dietary-apigenin-antagonizes-renal-fibrosis-in-deoxycorticosterone-acetate-doca-salt-induced-hypertension
#12
Xing Wei, Peng Gao, Yunfei Pu, Qiang Li, Tao Yang, Hexuan Zhang, Shiqiang Xiong, Yuanting Cui, Li Li, Xin Ma, Daoyan Liu, Zhiming Zhu
Hypertension-induced renal fibrosis contributes to the progression of chronic kidney disease, and apigenin, an anti-hypertensive flavone that is abundant in celery, acts as an agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4). However, whether apigenin reduces hypertension-induced renal fibrosis, as well as the underlying mechanism, remain elusive. In this study, the deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertension model was established in male Sprague-Dawley rats that were treated with apigenin or vehicle for 4 weeks...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109505/results-of-vsb-implantation-at-the-short-process-of-the-incus-in-children-with-ear-atresia
#13
Charlotte Célérier, Briac Thierry, Cyrille Coudert, Marion Blanchard, Natalie Loundon, Erea Noel Garabédian, Françoise Denoyelle
OBJECTIVE(S): To describe a new and more simple surgical procedure for implanting the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) on the short process of the incus in children with ear atresia and atretic plate and present the audiometric results. METHODS: Since 2014, pre- and post-operative audiometric tests with tonal and vocal audiometryat the maximal follow up, respectively 33, 22 and 12 months were performed after VSB implantation at the ENT department, Necker Enfants Malades Hospital, Paris, France...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101244/celery-extract-inhibits-mouse-cyp2a5-and-human-cyp2a6-activities-via-different-mechanisms
#14
Xiao Deng, Qianghong Pu, Erhao Wang, Chao Yu
Human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A6 participates in the metabolism of nicotine and precarcinogens, thus the deliberate inhibition of CYP2A6 may reduce cigarette consumption and therefore reduce the risk of developing the types of cancer associated with smoking. The inhibitory effects and mechanisms of celery (Apium graveolens) extract on mouse CYP2A5 and human CYP2A6 activity remain unclear. These effects were investigated in mouse and human liver microsomes using coumarin 7-hydroxylation in a probe reaction. Celery extract reduced CYP2A5 and CYP2A6 activities in vitro in a dose-dependent manner...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087440/an-overlooked-horticultural-crop-smyrnium-olusatrum-as-a-potential-source-of-compounds-effective-against-african-trypanosomiasis
#15
Riccardo Petrelli, Farahnaz Ranjbarian, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Fabrizio Papa, Romilde Iannarelli, Stephane L Ngahang Kamte, Sauro Vittori, Giovanni Benelli, Filippo Maggi, Anders Hofer, Loredana Cappellacci
Among natural products, sesquiterpenes have shown promising inhibitory effects against bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei, the protozoan parasite causing human African trypanosomiasis (HAT). Smyrnium olusatrum (Apiaceae), also known as Alexanders or wild celery, is a neglected horticultural crop characterized by oxygenated sesquiterpenes containing a furan ring. In the present work we explored the potential of its essential oils obtained from different organs and the main oxygenated sesquiterpenes, namely isofuranodiene, germacrone and β-acetoxyfuranoeudesm-4(15)-ene, as inhibitors of Trypanosoma brucei...
April 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053955/role-of-apigenin-in-cancer-prevention-via-the-induction-of-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#16
REVIEW
Bokyung Sung, Hae Young Chung, Nam Deuk Kim
Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid commonly found in many fruits and vegetables such as parsley, chamomile, celery, and kumquats. In the last few decades, recognition of apigenin as a cancer chemopreventive agent has increased. Significant progress has been made in studying the chemopreventive aspects of apigenin both in vitro and in vivo. Several studies have demonstrated that the anticarcinogenic properties of apigenin occur through regulation of cellular response to oxidative stress and DNA damage, suppression of inflammation and angiogenesis, retardation of cell proliferation, and induction of autophagy and apoptosis...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938244/races-of-the-celery-pathogen-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-apii-are-polyphyletic
#17
Lynn Epstein, Sukhwinder Kaur, Peter L Chang, Noelia Carrasquilla-Garcia, Guiyun Lyu, Douglas R Cook, Krishna V Subbarao, Kerry O'Donnell
Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) isolates were obtained from celery with symptoms of Fusarium yellows between 1993 and 2013 primarily in California. Virulence tests and a two-gene dataset from 174 isolates indicated that virulent isolates collected before 2013 were a highly clonal population of F. oxysporum f. sp. apii race 2. In 2013, new highly virulent clonal isolates, designated race 4, were discovered in production fields in Camarillo, California. Long-read Illumina data were used to analyze 16 isolates: six race 2, one of each from races 1, 3, and 4, and seven genetically diverse FOSC that were isolated from symptomatic celery but are nonpathogenic on this host...
April 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916506/quantification-of-biologically-active-o-prenylated-and-unprenylated-phenylpropanoids-in-dill-anethum-graveolens-anise-pimpinella-anisum-and-wild-celery-angelica-archangelica
#18
Vito Alessandro Taddeo, Salvatore Genovese, Philippe de Medina, Roberta Palmisano, Francesco Epifano, Serena Fiorito
An analytical strategy based on different extraction methodologies and HPLC with spectrophotometric (UV-vis) detection has been developed to investigate the presence of and to quantitate biologically active selected unprenylated and O-prenylated phenylpropanoids, namely umbelliferone, 4'-geranyloxyferulic acid, 7-isopentenyloxycoumarin, auraptene, and umbelliprenin in dill (Anethum graveolens L.), anise (Pimpinella anisum L.), and wild celery (Angelica archangelica L.). Absolute ethanol or 7:3 water/ethanol mixtures were seen to be the most powerful extraction solvents to perform "classic" maceration or ultrasound-assisted one in terms of yields in secondary metabolites...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863797/stabilization-of-pb-ii-accumulated-in-biomass-through-phosphate-pretreated-pyrolysis-at-low-temperatures
#19
Saijun Li, Tao Zhang, Jianfa Li, Lingna Shi, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Jinhong Lü, Yimin Li
The remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soil and water using plant biomass is considered to be a green technological approach, although the harmless disposal of biomass accumulated with heavy metals remains a challenge. A potential solution to this problem explored in this work involves combining phosphate pretreatment with pyrolysis. Pb(II) was accumulated in celery biomass with superior sorption capacity and also in ordinary wood biomass through biosorption. The Pb(II)-impregnated biomass was then pretreated with phosphoric acid or calcium dihydrogen phosphate (CaP) and pyrolyzed at 350 or 450°C...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862988/isolation-purification-and-identification-of-the-main-phenolic-compounds-from-leaves-of-celery-apium-graveolens-l-var-dulce-mill-pers
#20
Guoyan Liu, Linwu Zhuang, Dandan Song, Chunliang Lu, Xin Xu
We developed a simple and meaningful preparative method for the separation and purification of the main phenolic compounds from the leaves of celery (Apium graveolens L. var. dulce Mill./Pers.) and we established an accurate and specific analytical method for the identification of the main phenolic compounds from celery leaves. The crude extract from celery leaves was prefractioned by polyamide resin to enrich the phenolic compounds. They were then purified further by preparative high-performance liquid chromatography, and seven main phenolic compounds were obtained: including chlorogenic acid, luteolin 7-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside, luteolin 7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside, apiin, chrysoeriol 7-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside, luteolin 7-O-[β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-(6''-O-malonyl)]-β-d-glucopyranoside, and apigenin 7-O-[β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-(6''-O-malonyl)]-β-d-glucopyranoside...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
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