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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515063/learning-to-like-vegetables-during-breastfeeding-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-lactating-mothers-and-infants
#1
Julie A Mennella, Loran M Daniels, Ashley R Reiter
Background: What lactating mothers eat flavors breast milk and, in turn, modifies their infants' acceptance of similarly flavored foods.Objective: We sought to determine the effects of the timing and duration of eating a variety of vegetables during breastfeeding on the liking of vegetables in both members of the dyad.Design: We conducted a randomized controlled study of 97 mother-infant dyads. Lactating mothers drank vegetable, beet, celery, and carrot juices for 1 mo beginning at 0.5, 1.5, or 2.5 mo postpartum or for 3 mo beginning at 0...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514440/extreme-hydrothermal-conditions-at-an-active-plate-bounding-fault
#2
Rupert Sutherland, John Townend, Virginia Toy, Phaedra Upton, Jamie Coussens, Michael Allen, Laura-May Baratin, Nicolas Barth, Leeza Becroft, Carolin Boese, Austin Boles, Carolyn Boulton, Neil G R Broderick, Lucie Janku-Capova, Brett M Carpenter, Bernard Célérier, Calum Chamberlain, Alan Cooper, Ashley Coutts, Simon Cox, Lisa Craw, Mai-Linh Doan, Jennifer Eccles, Dan Faulkner, Jason Grieve, Julia Grochowski, Anton Gulley, Arthur Hartog, Jamie Howarth, Katrina Jacobs, Tamara Jeppson, Naoki Kato, Steven Keys, Martina Kirilova, Yusuke Kometani, Rob Langridge, Weiren Lin, Timothy Little, Adrienn Lukacs, Deirdre Mallyon, Elisabetta Mariani, Cécile Massiot, Loren Mathewson, Ben Melosh, Catriona Menzies, Jo Moore, Luiz Morales, Chance Morgan, Hiroshi Mori, Andre Niemeijer, Osamu Nishikawa, David Prior, Katrina Sauer, Martha Savage, Anja Schleicher, Douglas R Schmitt, Norio Shigematsu, Sam Taylor-Offord, Damon Teagle, Harold Tobin, Robert Valdez, Konrad Weaver, Thomas Wiersberg, Jack Williams, Nick Woodman, Martin Zimmer
Temperature and fluid pressure conditions control rock deformation and mineralization on geological faults, and hence the distribution of earthquakes. Typical intraplate continental crust has hydrostatic fluid pressure and a near-surface thermal gradient of 31 ± 15 degrees Celsius per kilometre. At temperatures above 300-450 degrees Celsius, usually found at depths greater than 10-15 kilometres, the intra-crystalline plasticity of quartz and feldspar relieves stress by aseismic creep and earthquakes are infrequent...
May 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463701/influence-of-root-components-of-celery-on-pyrene-bioaccessibility-soil-enzymes-and-microbial-communities-in-pyrene-and-pyrene-diesel-spiked-soils
#3
Jing Wei, Xinying Zhang, Xiaoyan Liu, Xia Liang, Xueping Chen
Though phytoremediation is deemed as a promising approach to restore polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) contaminated sites, studies about how the biodegradation of PAHs is enhanced still remains incomprehensive. Effects of root components on pyrene bioaccessibility, soil enzymes and microbial communities were explored in the paper, and their interactions in simulated pyrene and pyrene-diesel spiked microcosms were tried to give a reasonable explanation. Results indicated that root components enhanced the pyrene removal of bioaccessible and adsorbed fractions by 16...
April 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458701/is-herbal-therapy-safe-in-obesity-a-case-of-apium-graveolens-celery-induced-hyperthyroidism
#4
Hojjat Rouhi-Boroujeni, Masih Hosseini, Mojgan Gharipour, Hamid Rouhi-Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Apium graveolens is one of the well-known herbs used for the treatment of different; however, allergic reactions have been reported after its use. This report aimed to demonstrate the A. graveolens induced hyperthyroidism after its oral consumption for weight loss. CASE REPORT: Mr. A, 48-year-old, with no history of any thyroid diseases, was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism due to daily consumption of 4 g of dried celery leaves for 45 days. After cessation of consumption and treatment with methimazole, the symptoms remitted...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452497/enhancing-the-charging-power-of-quantum-batteries
#5
Francesco Campaioli, Felix A Pollock, Felix C Binder, Lucas Céleri, John Goold, Sai Vinjanampathy, Kavan Modi
Can collective quantum effects make a difference in a meaningful thermodynamic operation? Focusing on energy storage and batteries, we demonstrate that quantum mechanics can lead to an enhancement in the amount of work deposited per unit time, i.e., the charging power, when N batteries are charged collectively. We first derive analytic upper bounds for the collective quantum advantage in charging power for two choices of constraints on the charging Hamiltonian. We then demonstrate that even in the absence of quantum entanglement this advantage can be extensive...
April 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448889/studies-on-the-metabolites-difference-of-psoralen-isopsoralen-in-human-and-six-mammalian-liver-microsomes-in-vitro-by-uhplc-ms-ms
#6
Aihong Yang, Junxiu Chen, Yetao Ma, Lili Wang, Yaowen Fan, Xin He
Psoralen and isopsoralen are found in many fruits, vegetables and traditional Chinese medicines (TCM), such as Ficus carica L., Celery, Fructus Psoraleae etc. Modern pharmacological studies found that psoralen and isopsoralen can show estrogen-like activity, antitumor, and antibacterial activities etc. However, some research results also show some liver damage associated with the use of psoralen/isopsoralen or related medicines in human. Many studies focus on the pharmacological activities of psoralen/isopsoralen, while it is important to choose the suitable pharmacological models which are relevant to human in drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic process...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431083/repellent-effects-of-different-celery-varieties-in-bemisia-tabaci-hemiptera-aleyrodidae-biotype-q
#7
Hongtao Tu, Yuchuan Qin
Y-tube olfactometer and net cages experiments were used to investigate the repellent effects of different celery varieties in biotype Q of sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), on cucumber, Cucumis sativus L. (Cucurbitaceae). Y-tube olfactometer tests showed that whiteflies have strong repellent behavior to different celery varieties. Intercropping different celery varieties with cucumbers had significant repellent effects and oviposition deterrent effects in whiteflies...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426177/an-efficient-cleanup-method-coupled-with-gas-chromatography-and-mass-spectrometry-for-multi-pesticides-residue-analysis-in-complex-plant-matrices
#8
Xinquan Wang, Peipei Qi, Xiangyun Wang, Qian Zhang, Zhiwei Wang, Xiahong Xu, Hao Xu, Hu Zhang, Qiang Wang
We aimed to develop an efficient cleanup method for multi-pesticides residue analysis in complex plant matrices, shallot, ginger, garlic, onion, leek and celery. Column chromatography was used as the cleanup method and fabricated with florisil and graphitized carbon black as the adsorbents. The amount of the graphitized carbon black adsorbent and the choice of the elution solvent were systematically investigated for exploring the best combination. The target pesticides covered organochlorine, pyrethroid and organophosphorus pesticides, and were 38 in total...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423952/advances-in-the-research-of-celery-an-important-apiaceae-vegetable-crop
#9
Meng-Yao Li, Xi-Lin Hou, Feng Wang, Guo-Fei Tan, Zhi-Sheng Xu, Ai-Sheng Xiong
Celery (Apium graveolens L.), one of the most important vegetables in Apiaceae family, is cultivated worldwide and utilized in food and cosmetic industries because it is an excellent source of vitamins, phenolic compounds, volatile oils and other nutrients. Celery extracts possess various medicinal properties, such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and lowering blood glucose and serum lipid levels. With the rapid advancements in molecular biology and sequencing technology, studies on celery have been performed...
April 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390603/velopharyngeal-insufficiency-managed-by-autologous-fat-grafting-in-patients-with-aberrant-courses-of-internal-carotid-arteries
#10
Emilie Bois, Charlotte Celerier, Kahina Belhous, Michel Maulet, Nicolas Leboulanger, Noël Garabedian, Françoise Denoyelle
INTRODUCTION: Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is usually managed, besides speech therapy, by performing a velopharyngoplasty. An alternative approach is autologous fat grafting (AFG) of the posterior pharyngeal wall. About 5% of the population has internal carotid arteries (ICA) with an aberrant course. This anatomic variation can be responsible for surgical difficulties while when performing a velopharyngoplasty, and therefore lead surgeons to only consider a speech reeducation of VPI...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376348/cadmium-in-edible-plants-from-silesia-poland-and-its-implications-for-health-risk-in-populations
#11
Grzegorz Dziubanek, Renata Baranowska, Małgorzata Ćwieląg-Drabek, Anna Spychała, Agata Piekut, Monika Rusin, Ilona Hajok
The health risk associated with cadmium exposure through consumption of edible plants cultivated in different parts of the Silesia administration area inhabitants has been estimated. The impact of the arable soils acidity on the BCF (bioconcentration factor) has been also analyzed. The concentration of cadmium in arable soils and in 118 samples of vegetables - carrots, beets, potato, celery (tuber), parsley (root) were determined. The cadmium content in examined soil samples were in the range from >0.5-68...
August 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368017/risk-assessment-of-candidatus-liberibacter-solanacearum-transmission-by-the-psyllids-bactericera-trigonica-and-b-tremblayi-from-apiaceae-crops-to-potato
#12
C A Antolinez, A Fereres, A Moreno
Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (Lso) is bacterium transmitted by psyllids to Solanaceae and Apiaceae plants. So far, Lso is found in Europe affecting Apiaceae. In the Mediterranean region, Bactericera trigonica is the only known vector of Lso, but the leek-onion psyllid Bactericera tremblayi is another widespread psyllid and potential vector of Lso. Commonly, carrot, leek and potato are cultivated in the same zones and it is uncertain if these psyllid species are able to transmit Lso to potato plants...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366571/evaluation-of-direct-analysis-in-real-time-for-the-determination-of-highly-polar-pesticides-in-lettuce-and-celery-using-modified-quick-polar-pesticides-extraction-method
#13
Francisco J Lara, Danny Chan, Michael Dickinson, Antony S Lloyd, Stuart J Adams
Direct analysis in real time (DART) was evaluated for the determination of a number of highly polar pesticides using the Quick Polar Pesticides Extraction (QuPPe) method. DART was hyphenated to high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) in order to get the required selectivity that allows the determination of these compounds in complex samples such as lettuce and celery. Experimental parameters such as desorption temperature, scanning speed, and distances between the DART ion source and MS inlet were optimized...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365346/efficient-removal-of-lead-from-solution-by-celery-derived-biochars-rich-in-alkaline-minerals
#14
Tao Zhang, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Lingna Shi, Jianfa Li, Saijun Li, Jinhong Lü, Yimin Li
Biochars were produced from celery biomass by slow pyrolysis at 350 and 500°C, and featured by high content of alkaline minerals namely salts of alkali and alkaline earth metals. The biochars' efficiency on removing Pb(2+) from solution was investigated, and two biochars derived from celery stalk (StC350 and StC500) showed higher Pb(2+) sorption capacity (288 and 304mg/g) than most biochars reported previously. The sorption mechanisms involving precipitation, cation exchange and surface complexation are related to three biochar fractions namely water-soluble matter, acid-soluble substances and insoluble organic carbon...
March 22, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337767/impact-of-drying-and-micronization-on-the-physico-chemical-properties-and-antioxidant-activities-of-celery-stalk
#15
Karna Ramachandraiah, Koo Bok Chin
BACKGROUND: The influence of convective drying and ball-mill treatment of celery stalk on particle size distribution, physicochemical properties, bioactive compounds and antioxidant activities were analyzed in this study. RESULTS: Ball-milling of celery stalk dried at the temperatures of 50, 75 and 100 °C resulted in decreasing average particle sizes of 48.8, 10.5 and 7.2 µm, respectively. Bulk density was increased with reduced particle size. Darker (L*) and reddish (a*) powders were formed at higher temperatures while ball-milling increased greenness (-a*) of powders dried at 50 and 75 °C...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317720/non-destructive-determination-and-visualisation-of-insoluble-and-soluble-dietary-fibre-contents-in-fresh-cut-celeries-during-storage-periods-using-hyperspectral-imaging-technique
#16
Ling Yan, Chuanwu Xiong, Hao Qu, Changhong Liu, Wei Chen, Lei Zheng
The feasibility of using hyperspectral imaging technique to non-destructively determine insoluble dietary fibre (IDF) and soluble dietary fibre (SDF) contents in fresh-cut celeries and visualise their spatial distribution during 28-day storage periods was investigated. Genetic synergy interval partial least square (GA-Si-PLS) algorithm was developed to establish calibration model, which, superior to the PLS and Si-PLS developed models, achieved the prediction performance with Rp of 0.9638 and 0.9756, and RMSEP of 1...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285420/fosfomycin-and-comparator-activity-against-select-enterobacteriaceae-pseudomonas-and-enterococcus-urinary-tract-infection-isolates-from-the-united-states-in-2012
#17
Tiffany R Keepers, Marcela Gomez, Chris Celeri, Kevin M Krause, Donald Biek, Ian Critchley
INTRODUCTION: Fosfomycin is a broad-spectrum cell wall active agent that inhibits the MurA enzyme involved in peptidoglycan synthesis and is FDA-approved for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis in women. Data regarding the susceptibility of recent UTI isolates to fosfomycin are limited. METHODS: This study compared the fosfomycin susceptibility of 658 US UTI isolates with susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, nitrofurantoin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT)...
March 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284123/the-impact-of-high-hydrostatic-pressure-on-the-functionality-and-consumer-acceptability-of-reduced-sodium-naturally-cured-wieners
#18
Z Pietrasik, N J Gaudette, S P Johnston
The effects of high pressure processing (HPP; 600MPa for 3min at 8°C) on the quality and shelf life of reduced sodium naturally-cured wieners was studied. HPP did not negatively impact processing characteristics and assisted in extending shelf life of all wiener treatments up to a 12week storage period. At week 8, HPP wieners received higher acceptability scores, indicating HPP can effectively extend the sensory quality of products, including sodium reduced formulations containing natural forms of nitrite...
July 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253398/otogenic-temporomandibular-arthritis-in-children
#19
Alice Burgess, Charlotte Celerier, Sylvain Breton, Thierry Van den Abbeele, Natacha Kadlub, Nicolas Leboulanger, Noël Garabedian, Vincent Couloigner
Importance: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a very rare but potentially severe complication of pediatric middle ear infections because it presents risks of TMJ ankylosis. Objective: To describe the clinical, radiological, biological, and microbiological characteristics and evolution of SATMJ complicating middle ear infections (otogenic SATMJ) in children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter retrospective study included all children younger than 18 years referred between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015, for otogenic SATMJ or for TMJ ankylosis that occurred a few months to a few years after an acute mastoiditis...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225319/cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-histological-evaluations-of-a-straight-electrode-array-positioning-in-temporal-bones
#20
Isabelle Mosnier, Charlotte Célérier, Jean-Loup Bensimon, Daniele de Seta, Olivier Sterkers, Yann Nguyen, Daniele Bernardeschi
CONCLUSION: CBCT allows a precise evaluation of the dimensions and of the shape of the cochlear duct that is of primary importance for the choice of the length and the design of the electrode array. This radio-histological study confirms that CBCT is a reliable tool to be used in clinical studies to evaluate the position of straight electrode arrays within the cochlear scala. OBJECTIVE: To validate the reliability of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the evaluation of cochlear anatomy and positioning of a straight electrode array, by comparing radiological images to histological analysis of cochlear implanted temporal bones...
March 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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