Read by QxMD icon Read


Riccardo Petrelli, Farahnaz Ranjbarian, Stefano Dall'Acqua, Fabrizio Papa, Romilde Iannarelli, Stephane L Ngahang Kamte, Sauro Vittori, Giovanni Benelli, Filippo Maggi, Anders Hofer, Loredana Cappellacci
Among natural products, sesquiterpenes have showed promising inhibitory effects against bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei, the protozoan parasite causing the human African trypanosomiasis (HAT). Smyrnium olusatrum (Apiaceae), also known as Alexanders or wild celery, is a neglected horticultural crop characterized by oxygenated sesquiterpenes containing a furan ring. In the present work we explored the potential of its essential oils obtained from different organs and the main oxygenated sesquiterpenes, namely isofuranodiene, germacrone and β-acetoxyfuranoeudesm-4(15)-ene, as inhibitors of Trypanosoma brucei...
January 10, 2017: Parasitology International
Bokyung Sung, Hae Young Chung, Nam Deuk Kim
Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a flavonoid commonly found in many fruits and vegetables such as parsley, chamomile, celery, and kumquats. In the last few decades, recognition of apigenin as a cancer chemopreventive agent has increased. Significant progress has been made in studying the chemopreventive aspects of apigenin both in vitro and in vivo. Several studies have demonstrated that the anticarcinogenic properties of apigenin occur through regulation of cellular response to oxidative stress and DNA damage, suppression of inflammation and angiogenesis, retardation of cell proliferation, and induction of autophagy and apoptosis...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
Lynn Epstein, Sukhwinder Kaur, Peter L Chang, Noelia Carrasquilla-Garcia, Guiyun Lyu, Douglas R Cook, Krishna V Subbarao, Kerry O'Donnell
Fusarium oxysporum species complex (FOSC) isolates were obtained from celery with symptoms of Fusarium yellows between 1993 and 2013 primarily in California. Virulence tests and a two-gene dataset from 174 isolates indicated that virulent isolates collected before 2013 were a highly clonal population of F. oxysporum f. sp. apii (Foa) race 2. In 2013, new highly virulent clonal isolates, designated race 4, were discovered in production fields in Camarillo, California. Long-read Illumina data was used to analyze 16 isolates: six race 2, one of each from races 1, 3 and 4, and seven genetically diverse FOSC that were isolated from symptomatic celery but are nonpathogenic on this host...
December 12, 2016: Phytopathology
Vito Alessandro Taddeo, Salvatore Genovese, Philippe de Medina, Roberta Palmisano, Francesco Epifano, Serena Fiorito
An analytical strategy based on different extraction methodologies and HPLC with spectrophotometric (UV-vis) detection has been developed to investigate the presence of and to quantitate biologically active selected unprenylated and O-prenylated phenylpropanoids, namely umbelliferone, 4'-geranyloxyferulic acid, 7-isopentenyloxycoumarin, auraptene, and umbelliprenin in dill (Anethum graveolens L.), anise (Pimpinella anisum L.), and wild celery (Angelica archangelica L.). Absolute ethanol or 7:3 water/ethanol mixtures were seen to be the most powerful extraction solvents to perform "classic" maceration or ultrasound-assisted one in terms of yields in secondary metabolites...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Saijun Li, Tao Zhang, Jianfa Li, Lingna Shi, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Jinhong Lü, Yimin Li
The remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soil and water using plant biomass is considered to be a green technological approach, although the harmless disposal of biomass accumulated with heavy metals remains a challenge. A potential solution to this problem explored in this work involves combining phosphate pretreatment with pyrolysis. Pb(II) was accumulated in celery biomass with superior sorption capacity and also in ordinary wood biomass through biosorption. The Pb(II)-impregnated biomass was then pretreated with phosphoric acid or calcium dihydrogen phosphate (CaP) and pyrolyzed at 350 or 450°C...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Guoyan Liu, Linwu Zhuang, Dandan Song, Chunliang Lu, Xin Xu
We developed a simple and meaningful preparative method for the separation and purification of the main phenolic compounds from the leaves of celery (Apium graveolens L. var. dulce Mill./Pers.) and we established an accurate and specific analytical method for the identification of the main phenolic compounds from celery leaves. The crude extract from celery leaves was prefractioned by polyamide resin to enrich the phenolic compounds. They were then purified further by preparative high-performance liquid chromatography, and seven main phenolic compounds were obtained: including chlorogenic acid, luteolin 7-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside, luteolin 7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside, apiin, chrysoeriol 7-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-d-glucopyranoside, luteolin 7-O-[β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-(6''-O-malonyl)]-β-d-glucopyranoside, and apigenin 7-O-[β-d-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-(6''-O-malonyl)]-β-d-glucopyranoside...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Ping Zou
Despite the lack of English literature about Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) food therapy, there is abundant Chinese literature about the application of food therapy for hypertension control. This paper summarizes basic concepts of TCM, the principles of food therapy and its application for hypertension control according to Chinese literature. In TCM, food is conceptualized according to both nutritional and functional aspects, and can be used to treat illnesses. Four principles of TCM food therapy including light eating, balancing the "hot" and "cold" nature of food, the harmony of the five flavors of food, and consistency between dietary intake and different health conditions, can be used to facilitate hypertension control...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Hsien-Yi Chen, Howard Horng, Freda Rowley, Craig Smollin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
Damien Magne, Vincent Mauchamp, Stéphane Célérier, Patrick Chartier, Thierry Cabioc'h
The role of the surface groups T (T = OH, O or F) in the chemical bonding in two-dimensional Ti3C2Tx MXene is directly evidenced combining electron energy-loss spectroscopy in a transmission electron microscope and simulations based on density functional theory. By focusing on the 1s core electrons excitations of the C and (F, O) atoms, the site projected electronic structure is resolved. The Electron Energy-Loss Near Edge Structures (ELNES) at the C-K edge are shown to be sensitive to the chemical nature and the location of the T-groups on the MXene's surface and thereby allow for the characterization of the MXene's functionalization on the nanometre scale...
November 16, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
J Dobson, C Ondhia, A-M Skellett, R Coelho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Amilton Dos Santos-Júnior, Mariana Leite Tamascia, Raquel Lorenzetti, Osmar Henrique Della Torre, Lúcia Arisaka Paes, Thiago Salum Fontana, Adriana Perez Ferreira-Neto, Taciane Barbosa Henriques, Stephen Hyslop, Maricilda Palandi de Mello, Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri, Paulo Dalgalarrondo, Gil Guerra-Júnior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Ding Tang, Keli Chen, Luqi Huang, Juan Li
Apigenin, a natural flavone, is widely distributed in plants such as celery, parsley and chamomile. It is present principally as glycosylated in nature. Higher intake of apigenin could reduce the risk of chronic diseases. It has gained particular interest in recent years as a beneficial, health-promoting agent with low intrinsic toxicity. Areas covered: This review summarizes and the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) properties of apigenin, and drug-drug interaction of apigenin. Expert opinion: Since apigenin is a bioactive plant flavone and is widely distributed in common food, its consumption through the diet is recommended...
October 21, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
François Simon, Charlotte Celerier, Erea-Noël Garabedian, Françoise Denoyelle
OBJECTIVE: Cryptotia is one of the most common malformations of the upper auricle with aesthetic and functional consequences, however there is no standard treatment. We present the surgical technique and results of a kite flap procedure which can be used in the different cryptotia subtypes. METHODS: We reviewed all patients treated in our department from 2010 to 2015, using a mastoid fascia kite flap technique. The incision of this local flap follows the retro-auricular sulcus along the rim of the helix superiorly and drawing a skin paddle inferiorly...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Menghua Li, Juntao Wang, Caina Jiao, Chun Wang, Qiuhua Wu, Zhi Wang
1,4-Phenyldiboronic acid (1,4-PDBA) linked graphene oxide framework (GOF) was prepared via an one-step, catalyst-free and hydrothermal route. To evaluate its adsorption performance, the prepared GOF was served as an adsorbent for solid phase extraction of phenylurea herbicides (PUHs) from water and celery samples prior to their determination by high performance liquid chromatography. The results indicated that GOF exhibited excellent adsorption capacity for the target PUHs. Under the optimum conditions, the method showed high recoveries ranged from 86...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Jun Zhao, Jianuo Liu, Enquan Xu, Yunlin Liu, Anmu Xie, Huangui Xiong
AIMS: Methamphetamine (Meth) abuse causes neural injury in the brain. There are no efficacious therapies available to treat Meth-induce neural injury. The present study intended to test the therapeutic potential of dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP), a chemical compound extracted originally from the seeds of Chinese Celery, in the amelioration and prevention of Meth-induced neural injury. MAIN METHODS: Experiments were carried out on SH-SY5Y cells. Neuronal injury and apoptotic cell death were detected by MTT assay and analysis of nuclear morphology...
November 15, 2016: Life Sciences
Wei Huang, Guang-Long Wang, Hui Li, Feng Wang, Zhi-Sheng Xu, Ai-Sheng Xiong
Ascorbic acid (AsA) is an important nutrient in the human body and performs various healthy functions. With considerable medicinal properties, celery (Apium graveolens L.) could be a good source of AsA for human health. However, the biosynthetic, recycling, and degradation pathways of AsA in celery have yet to be characterized. To study the metabolic pathways involved in AsA, the genes involved in AsA biosynthesis, recycling, and degradation were isolated from celery, and their expression profiles and AsA levels were analyzed in the leaf blades and petioles of two celery varieties at three different growth stages...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Alan D Steinman, Mary E Ogdahl
We studied the phosphorus dynamics in a former wetland, which had been converted to a celery farm, and now consists of two shallow, flooded ponds that are being proposed for aquatic habitat restoration. However, like many agricultural areas, this site is plagued by phosphorus legacy issues. Proposed restoration includes hydrologic reconnection of these ponds to its adjacent stream, which are now isolated from one another by an earthen berm, to create a wetland complex. One of the two flooded ponds was partially dredged, whereas the other one has remained undredged...
August 24, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Rachelle El Khoury, Ali Atoui, Carol Verheecke, Richard Maroun, Andre El Khoury, Florence Mathieu
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin, mainly produced on grapes by Aspergillus carbonarius, that causes massive health problems for humans. This study aims to reduce the occurrence of OTA by using the ten following essential oils (E.Os): fennel, cardamom, anise, chamomile, celery, cinnamon, thyme, taramira, oregano and rosemary at 1 µL/mL and 5 µL/mL for each E.O.As a matter of fact, their effects on the OTA production and the growth of A. carbonarius S402 cultures were evaluated, after four days at 28 °C on a Synthetic Grape Medium (SGM)...
2016: Toxins
Viktorija Eisinaite, Rimante Vinauskiene, Pranas Viskelis, Daiva Leskauskaite
The aim of this study was to compare the chemical composition of freeze-dried vegetable powders: celery, celery juice, parsnip and leek. The effect of different freeze-dried vegetables onto the ripening process and the properties of dry fermented sausages was also evaluated. Vegetable products significantly (p < 0.05) differed in their chemical composition: celery products contained higher amounts of nitrates, total phenolic compounds and lower amounts of sucrose, parsnip had higher concentration of proteins, leek was rich in fat...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science
Joseph E Munyaneza, Tariq Mustafa, Tonja W Fisher, Venkatesan G Sengoda, David R Horton
'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (Lso) is a phloem-limited bacterium that severely affects important Solanaceae and Apiaceae crops, including potato, tomato, pepper, tobacco, carrot and celery. This bacterium is transmitted to solanaceous species by potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli, and to Apiaceae by carrot psyllids, including Trioza apicalis and Bactericera trigonica. Five haplotypes of Lso have so far been described, two are associated with solanaceous species and potato psyllids, whereas the other three are associated with carrot and celery crops and carrot psyllids...
2016: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"