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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619057/polysaccharide-compositions-of-collenchyma-cell-walls-from-celery-apium-graveolens-l-petioles
#1
Da Chen, Philip J Harris, Ian M Sims, Zoran Zujovic, Laurence D Melton
BACKGROUND: Collenchyma serves as a mechanical support tissue for many herbaceous plants. Previous work based on solid-state NMR and immunomicroscopy suggested collenchyma cell walls (CWs) may have similar polysaccharide compositions to those commonly found in eudicotyledon parenchyma walls, but no detailed chemical analysis was available. In this study, compositions and structures of cell wall polysaccharides of peripheral collenchyma from celery petioles were investigated. RESULTS: This is the first detailed investigation of the cell wall composition of collenchyma from any plant...
June 15, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604577/pain-after-cochlear-implantation-an-unusual-complication
#2
Charlotte Celerier, Isabelle Rouillon, Marion Blanchard, Marine Parodi, Françoise Denoyelle, Natalie Loundon
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical signs and better define the underestimated long-term pain after implantation, to discuss etiological hypothesis, and to propose our department treatment algorithm and results. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review of children implanted with complaints of atypical pain in the area of device implantation, not in the immediate postoperative period, more than or equal to 4 on the Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAPS: 0-10) in the ENT pediatric department of Trousseau and Necker Enfants Malades Hospitals between 1998 and 2015...
June 9, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603044/relaxation-of-isolated-guinea-pig-trachea-by-apigenin-a-constituent-of-celery-via-inhibition-of-phosphodiesterase
#3
Junn-Lain Chen, Wun-Chang Ko
Apigenin, was reported to have vasodilatory effects by inhibiting Ca(2+) influx through both voltage- and receptor-operated calcium channels, but not by inhibiting cAMP- or cGMP-phosphodiesterases (PDEs) in rat thoracic aorta. However, apigenin was reported to inhibit PDE1, 2 and 3 in guinea-pig lung and heart. The aim of this study was to clarify that guinea-pig tracheal relaxation by apigenin whether via PDE inhibition. We isometrically recorded the tension of isolated guinea-pig tracheal segments on a polygraph...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597655/identification-and-characterization-of-3-epi-rotundone-a-novel-stereoisomer-of-rotundone-in-several-kinds-of-fruits
#4
Akira Nakanishi, Makiko Ito, Keisuke Yoshikawa, Tomoko Maeda, Susumu Ishizaki, Yoshiko Kurobayashi
A novel stereoisomer of rotundone, 3-epi-rotundone, was identified in the aroma of grapefruit, orange, apple, and mango. 3-epi-Rotundone was prepared by the isomerization of rotundone, and its structural elucidation was confirmed by comparing the 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance and nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy spectra with those of rotundone. The odor thresholds of rotundone and 3-epi-rotundone in water were determined by a triangle test as 5 and 19100 ng/kg, respectively. The odor of 3-epi-rotundone was evaluated as woody, spicy, peppery, citrus, grapefruit-like, powdery, and celery-like, which was a greater range of odor characteristics than that for rotundone...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592969/corrigendum-to-pharmacogenetics-of-risperidone-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Amilton Dos Santos-Júnior, Taciane Barbosa Henriques, Maricilda Palandi de Mello, Osmar Henrique Della Torre, Lúcia Arisaka Paes, Adriana Perez Ferreira-Neto, Letícia Esposito Sewaybricker, Thiago Salum Fontana, Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri, Gil Guerra-Júnior, Paulo Dalgalarrondo
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/5872423.].
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572957/effect-of-spices-formulations-on-the-physicochemical-and-sensory-properties-of-nnam-gon-a-cameroonian-dish-prepared-with-cucurbitaceae-seeds
#6
Josiane E Manejo Djiogue, Richard M Nguimbou, Leopold N Tatsadjieu, Yannick D Mang, Nicolas Y Njintang
Nnam gon, a cake made by steam cooking a mixture of Cucurbitaceae seeds paste and others ingredients specially spices, is a highly prized dish in Central African region. A preliminary investigation conducted as part of this study highlighted that formulations used in the processing of Nnam gon vary according to the spices used. This study was carried out to determine the best formulation for the preparation of this dish. For this purpose, Nnam gon samples were produced from four formulations which differ according to the number of spices used: F0 (no spices); F1 (0...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515063/learning-to-like-vegetables-during-breastfeeding-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-lactating-mothers-and-infants
#7
Julie A Mennella, Loran M Daniels, Ashley R Reiter
Background: What lactating mothers eat flavors breast milk and, in turn, modifies their infants' acceptance of similarly flavored foods.Objective: We sought to determine the effects of the timing and duration of eating a variety of vegetables during breastfeeding on the liking of vegetables in both members of the dyad.Design: We conducted a randomized controlled study of 97 mother-infant dyads. Lactating mothers drank vegetable, beet, celery, and carrot juices for 1 mo beginning at 0.5, 1.5, or 2.5 mo postpartum or for 3 mo beginning at 0...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514440/extreme-hydrothermal-conditions-at-an-active-plate-bounding-fault
#8
Rupert Sutherland, John Townend, Virginia Toy, Phaedra Upton, Jamie Coussens, Michael Allen, Laura-May Baratin, Nicolas Barth, Leeza Becroft, Carolin Boese, Austin Boles, Carolyn Boulton, Neil G R Broderick, Lucie Janku-Capova, Brett M Carpenter, Bernard Célérier, Calum Chamberlain, Alan Cooper, Ashley Coutts, Simon Cox, Lisa Craw, Mai-Linh Doan, Jennifer Eccles, Dan Faulkner, Jason Grieve, Julia Grochowski, Anton Gulley, Arthur Hartog, Jamie Howarth, Katrina Jacobs, Tamara Jeppson, Naoki Kato, Steven Keys, Martina Kirilova, Yusuke Kometani, Rob Langridge, Weiren Lin, Timothy Little, Adrienn Lukacs, Deirdre Mallyon, Elisabetta Mariani, Cécile Massiot, Loren Mathewson, Ben Melosh, Catriona Menzies, Jo Moore, Luiz Morales, Chance Morgan, Hiroshi Mori, Andre Niemeijer, Osamu Nishikawa, David Prior, Katrina Sauer, Martha Savage, Anja Schleicher, Douglas R Schmitt, Norio Shigematsu, Sam Taylor-Offord, Damon Teagle, Harold Tobin, Robert Valdez, Konrad Weaver, Thomas Wiersberg, Jack Williams, Nick Woodman, Martin Zimmer
Temperature and fluid pressure conditions control rock deformation and mineralization on geological faults, and hence the distribution of earthquakes. Typical intraplate continental crust has hydrostatic fluid pressure and a near-surface thermal gradient of 31 ± 15 degrees Celsius per kilometre. At temperatures above 300-450 degrees Celsius, usually found at depths greater than 10-15 kilometres, the intra-crystalline plasticity of quartz and feldspar relieves stress by aseismic creep and earthquakes are infrequent...
May 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463701/influence-of-root-components-of-celery-on-pyrene-bioaccessibility-soil-enzymes-and-microbial-communities-in-pyrene-and-pyrene-diesel-spiked-soils
#9
Jing Wei, Xinying Zhang, Xiaoyan Liu, Xia Liang, Xueping Chen
Though phytoremediation is deemed as a promising approach to restore polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) contaminated sites, studies about how the biodegradation of PAHs is enhanced still remains incomprehensive. Effects of root components on pyrene bioaccessibility, soil enzymes and microbial communities were explored in the paper, and their interactions in simulated pyrene and pyrene-diesel spiked microcosms were tried to give a reasonable explanation. Results indicated that root components enhanced the pyrene removal of bioaccessible and adsorbed fractions by 16...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458701/is-herbal-therapy-safe-in-obesity-a-case-of-apium-graveolens-celery-induced-hyperthyroidism
#10
Hojjat Rouhi-Boroujeni, Masih Hosseini, Mojgan Gharipour, Hamid Rouhi-Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Apium graveolens is one of the well-known herbs used for the treatment of different; however, allergic reactions have been reported after its use. This report aimed to demonstrate the A. graveolens induced hyperthyroidism after its oral consumption for weight loss. CASE REPORT: Mr. A, 48-year-old, with no history of any thyroid diseases, was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism due to daily consumption of 4 g of dried celery leaves for 45 days. After cessation of consumption and treatment with methimazole, the symptoms remitted...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452497/enhancing-the-charging-power-of-quantum-batteries
#11
Francesco Campaioli, Felix A Pollock, Felix C Binder, Lucas Céleri, John Goold, Sai Vinjanampathy, Kavan Modi
Can collective quantum effects make a difference in a meaningful thermodynamic operation? Focusing on energy storage and batteries, we demonstrate that quantum mechanics can lead to an enhancement in the amount of work deposited per unit time, i.e., the charging power, when N batteries are charged collectively. We first derive analytic upper bounds for the collective quantum advantage in charging power for two choices of constraints on the charging Hamiltonian. We then demonstrate that even in the absence of quantum entanglement this advantage can be extensive...
April 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448889/studies-on-the-metabolites-difference-of-psoralen-isopsoralen-in-human-and-six-mammalian-liver-microsomes-in-vitro-by-uhplc-ms-ms
#12
Aihong Yang, Junxiu Chen, Yetao Ma, Lili Wang, Yaowen Fan, Xin He
Psoralen and isopsoralen are found in many fruits, vegetables and traditional Chinese medicines (TCM), such as Ficus carica L., Celery, Fructus Psoraleae etc. Modern pharmacological studies found that psoralen and isopsoralen can show estrogen-like activity, antitumor, and antibacterial activities etc. However, some research results also show some liver damage associated with the use of psoralen/isopsoralen or related medicines in human. Many studies focus on the pharmacological activities of psoralen/isopsoralen, while it is important to choose the suitable pharmacological models which are relevant to human in drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic process...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431083/repellent-effects-of-different-celery-varieties-in-bemisia-tabaci-hemiptera-aleyrodidae-biotype-q
#13
Hongtao Tu, Yuchuan Qin
Y-tube olfactometer and net cages experiments were used to investigate the repellent effects of different celery varieties in biotype Q of sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), on cucumber, Cucumis sativus L. (Cucurbitaceae). Y-tube olfactometer tests showed that whiteflies have strong repellent behavior to different celery varieties. Intercropping different celery varieties with cucumbers had significant repellent effects and oviposition deterrent effects in whiteflies...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426177/an-efficient-cleanup-method-coupled-with-gas-chromatography-and-mass-spectrometry-for-multi-pesticides-residue-analysis-in-complex-plant-matrices
#14
Xinquan Wang, Peipei Qi, Xiangyun Wang, Qian Zhang, Zhiwei Wang, Xiahong Xu, Hao Xu, Hu Zhang, Qiang Wang
We aimed to develop an efficient cleanup method for multi-pesticides residue analysis in complex plant matrices, shallot, ginger, garlic, onion, leek and celery. Column chromatography was used as the cleanup method and fabricated with florisil and graphitized carbon black as the adsorbents. The amount of the graphitized carbon black adsorbent and the choice of the elution solvent were systematically investigated for exploring the best combination. The target pesticides covered organochlorine, pyrethroid and organophosphorus pesticides, and were 38 in total...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423952/advances-in-the-research-of-celery-an-important-apiaceae-vegetable-crop
#15
Meng-Yao Li, Xi-Lin Hou, Feng Wang, Guo-Fei Tan, Zhi-Sheng Xu, Ai-Sheng Xiong
Celery (Apium graveolens L.), one of the most important vegetables in Apiaceae family, is cultivated worldwide and utilized in food and cosmetic industries because it is an excellent source of vitamins, phenolic compounds, volatile oils and other nutrients. Celery extracts possess various medicinal properties, such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and lowering blood glucose and serum lipid levels. With the rapid advancements in molecular biology and sequencing technology, studies on celery have been performed...
April 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390603/velopharyngeal-insufficiency-managed-by-autologous-fat-grafting-in-patients-with-aberrant-courses-of-internal-carotid-arteries
#16
Emilie Bois, Charlotte Celerier, Kahina Belhous, Michel Maulet, Nicolas Leboulanger, Noël Garabedian, Françoise Denoyelle
INTRODUCTION: Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is usually managed, besides speech therapy, by performing a velopharyngoplasty. An alternative approach is autologous fat grafting (AFG) of the posterior pharyngeal wall. About 5% of the population has internal carotid arteries (ICA) with an aberrant course. This anatomic variation can be responsible for surgical difficulties while when performing a velopharyngoplasty, and therefore lead surgeons to only consider a speech reeducation of VPI...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376348/cadmium-in-edible-plants-from-silesia-poland-and-its-implications-for-health-risk-in-populations
#17
Grzegorz Dziubanek, Renata Baranowska, Małgorzata Ćwieląg-Drabek, Anna Spychała, Agata Piekut, Monika Rusin, Ilona Hajok
The health risk associated with cadmium exposure through consumption of edible plants cultivated in different parts of the Silesia administration area inhabitants has been estimated. The impact of the arable soils acidity on the BCF (bioconcentration factor) has been also analyzed. The concentration of cadmium in arable soils and in 118 samples of vegetables - carrots, beets, potato, celery (tuber), parsley (root) were determined. The cadmium content in examined soil samples were in the range from >0.5-68...
August 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368017/risk-assessment-of-candidatus-liberibacter-solanacearum-transmission-by-the-psyllids-bactericera-trigonica-and-b-tremblayi-from-apiaceae-crops-to-potato
#18
C A Antolinez, A Fereres, A Moreno
Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (Lso) is bacterium transmitted by psyllids to Solanaceae and Apiaceae plants. So far, Lso is found in Europe affecting Apiaceae. In the Mediterranean region, Bactericera trigonica is the only known vector of Lso, but the leek-onion psyllid Bactericera tremblayi is another widespread psyllid and potential vector of Lso. Commonly, carrot, leek and potato are cultivated in the same zones and it is uncertain if these psyllid species are able to transmit Lso to potato plants...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366571/evaluation-of-direct-analysis-in-real-time-for-the-determination-of-highly-polar-pesticides-in-lettuce-and-celery-using-modified-quick-polar-pesticides-extraction-method
#19
Francisco J Lara, Danny Chan, Michael Dickinson, Antony S Lloyd, Stuart J Adams
Direct analysis in real time (DART) was evaluated for the determination of a number of highly polar pesticides using the Quick Polar Pesticides Extraction (QuPPe) method. DART was hyphenated to high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) in order to get the required selectivity that allows the determination of these compounds in complex samples such as lettuce and celery. Experimental parameters such as desorption temperature, scanning speed, and distances between the DART ion source and MS inlet were optimized...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365346/efficient-removal-of-lead-from-solution-by-celery-derived-biochars-rich-in-alkaline-minerals
#20
Tao Zhang, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Lingna Shi, Jianfa Li, Saijun Li, Jinhong Lü, Yimin Li
Biochars were produced from celery biomass by slow pyrolysis at 350 and 500°C, and featured by high content of alkaline minerals namely salts of alkali and alkaline earth metals. The biochars' efficiency on removing Pb(2+) from solution was investigated, and two biochars derived from celery stalk (StC350 and StC500) showed higher Pb(2+) sorption capacity (288 and 304mg/g) than most biochars reported previously. The sorption mechanisms involving precipitation, cation exchange and surface complexation are related to three biochar fractions namely water-soluble matter, acid-soluble substances and insoluble organic carbon...
July 2017: Bioresource Technology
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