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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136795/a-regenerative-and-selective-electrochemical-aptasensor-based-on-copper-oxide-nanoflowers-single-walled-carbon-nanotubes-nanocomposite-for-chlorpyrifos-detection
#1
Guoli Xu, Danqun Huo, Changjun Hou, Yanan Zhao, Jing Bao, Mei Yang, Huanbao Fa
Chlorpyrifos is a commonly used organophosphorus pesticide in agriculture. However, its neurotoxicity poses a huge threat to human health. To detect trace amounts of chlorpyrifos, we herein developed a regenerative electrochemical aptasensor for the sensitive detection of chlorpyrifos. The nanocomposite consisting of copper oxide nanoflowers (CuO NFs) and carboxyl-functionalized single walled carbon nanotubes (c-SWCNTs) was prepared to improve the sensing performance for chlorpyrifos detection. Various characterization methods such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) were used to demonstrate the successful fabrication of biosensor...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108230/apigenin-enhances-skeletal-muscle-hypertrophy-and-myoblast-differentiation-by-regulating-prmt7
#2
Young Jin Jang, Hyo Jeong Son, Yong Min Choi, Jiyun Ahn, Chang Hwa Jung, Tae Youl Ha
Apigenin, a natural flavone abundant in various plant-derived foods including parsley and celery, has been shown to prevent inflammation and inflammatory diseases. However, the effect of apigenin on skeletal muscle hypertrophy and myogenic differentiation has not previously been elucidated. Here, we investigated the effects of apigenin on quadricep muscle weight and running distance using C57BL/6 mice on an accelerating treadmill. Apigenin stimulated mRNA expression of MHC (myosin heavy chain) 1, MHC2A, and MHC2B in the quadricep muscles of these animals...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068710/efficacy-of-combination-treatment-with-sodium-metasilicate-and-sodium-hypochlorite-for-inactivation-of-norovirus-on-fresh-vegetables
#3
Ji-Hyoung Ha, Sung Hyun Kim, Hee-Min Lee, Su-Ji Kim, Hae-Won Lee
In recent years, fresh vegetables have frequently been associated with the foodborne transmission of enteric viruses, such as human norovirus (NoV). Therefore, several studies have focused on developing methods to inactivate foodborne viruses for preventing outbreaks of foodborne illnesses. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is commonly used as a disinfectant, but results in undesirable effects on the appearance and taste of foods and can generate toxic byproducts when it exceeds the allowable concentration. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of a range of NaOCl concentrations (50-1000 ppm) for reducing the amounts of human NoV (NoV GII...
October 25, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067578/transanal-versus-abdominal-low-rectal-dissection-for-rectal-cancer-long-term-results-of-the-bordeaux-randomized-trial
#4
Quentin Denost, Paula Loughlin, Remy Chevalier, Bertrand Celerier, Romain Didailler, Eric Rullier
AIM: The aim of the current study is to report long-term outcomes after transanal low rectal dissection compared with the conventional laparoscopic approach within the context of the Bordeaux' randomized trial. Results from this randomized trial have indicated that transanal approach was more effective than laparoscopic dissection regarding the rate of negative circumferential resection margin (CRM). Despite a high number of publications regarding the transanal approach for TME, there were no long-term data on survival and local recurrence which are now required...
October 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054752/esophageal-lesions-following-button-battery-ingestion-in-children-analysis-of-causes-and-proposals-for-preventive-measures
#5
J Lahmar, C Célérier, E N Garabédian, V Couloigner, N Leboulanger, F Denoyelle
OBJECTIVES: To study recent cases of esophageal injury due to button-battery ingestion in children presenting in pediatric ENT emergency departments of the Paris area of France (Île-de-France region), in order to propose appropriate preventive measures. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective descriptive single-center study included all children under 15 years of age, presenting in pediatric ENT emergency departments between January 2008 and April 2014 for button-battery ingestion with esophageal impaction requiring emergency removal...
October 17, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992517/application-of-next-generation-sequencing-toward-sensitive-detection-of-enteric-viruses-isolated-from-celery-samples-as-an-example-of-produce
#6
Zhihui Yang, Mark Mammel, Efstathia Papafragkou, Kaoru Hida, Christopher A Elkins, Michael Kulka
Next generation sequencing (NGS) holds promise as a single application for both detection and sequence identification of foodborne viruses; however, technical challenges remain due to anticipated low quantities of virus in contaminated food. In this study, with a focus on data analysis using several bioinformatics tools, we applied NGS toward amplification-independent detection and identification of norovirus at low copy (<10(3) copies) or within multiple strains from produce. Celery samples were inoculated with human norovirus (stool suspension) either as a single norovirus strain, a mixture of strains (GII...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990110/effects-of-butylphthalide-on-cognitive-decline-in-diabetic-rats
#7
Zhiyan Tian, Jinhua Wang, Yan Wang, Miao Zhang, Yuying Zhou
Butylphthalide, a component extracted from seeds of Chinese celery, is an effective neuroprotective agent used for the treatment of ischemic stroke and dementia. Diabetes may cause central nervous system damage, and diabetes is closely associated with dementia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of butylphthalide on cognitive impairment in a streptozotocin‑induced diabetic rat model, and the underlying mechanisms of action. A total of 30 healthy male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following 2 groups: Normal control (NC; n=10) and diabetes model (DM) groups (n=20)...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985183/the-effect-of-celery-apium-graveolens-l-on-fertility-a-systematic-review
#8
Wesam Kooti, Maryam Moradi, Khadijeh Peyro, Maedeh Sharghi, Fatima Alamiri, Milad Azami, Mohammad Firoozbakht, Mehri Ghafourian
Background Fertility and infertility problems are among the complex issues in medicine. The use of herbal products in the treatment of fertility has been considered as an alternative to synthetic drugs. Celery containing known compounds can have an impact on the fertility rate. The aim of this study was to do a systematic review on conducted studies in conjunction with the celery and reproduction. Methods Required papers were searched from databases like Science direct, PubMed, Scopus, and Springer. Keywords used in this study were "Apium graveolens L...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955638/cloning-of-a-functional-mannose-6-phosphate-reductase-m6pr-gene-homolog-from-egyptian-celery-plants-apium-graveolens-overexpression-in-non-mannitol-producing-plants-resulted-in-mannitol-accumulation-in-transgenic-individuals
#9
Shaimaa R M Khalil, Amr S Ibrahim, Basita A Hussien, Ebtissam A Hussien, Mohamed S Tawfik
Salinity is a major limiting factor affecting crops production, survival and distribution worldwide. Engineering dehydration stress tolerance in commercial crops is a trait of economic importance, especially in saline-affected areas. In this work, we are reporting the cloning of the M6PR gene homolog (encoding a key enzyme, mannose-6-phosphate reductase, for mannitol biosynthesis in celery) from Egyptian celery plants. Using RACE technique, the full-length Egyptian-M6PR gene (1333 bp) was cloned into pRI-201AN plant expression vector...
October 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946294/the-use-of-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-as-a-curing-process-for-canned-ground-ham
#10
Juri Lee, Kyung Jo, Yubong Lim, Hee Joon Jeon, Jun Ho Choe, Cheorun Jo, Samooel Jung
This study investigated the potential use of atmospheric pressure plasma (APP) treatment as a curing process for canned ground ham. APP treatment for 60min while mixing increased the nitrite content in the meat batters from 0.64 to 60.50mgkg(-1) while the pH and the total content of aerobic bacteria in the meat batters were unchanged. The canned ground hams cured by the APP treatment for 30min displayed no difference in their physicochemical qualities, such as nitrosyl hemochrome, color, residual nitrite, texture, lipid oxidation, and protein oxidation, compared with those of canned ground hams cured with sodium nitrite or celery powder at 42mgkg(-1) of nitrite...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946100/effects-of-target-ph-value-on-organic-acids-and-methane-production-in-two-stage-anaerobic-digestion-of-vegetable-waste
#11
Padma Priya Ravi, Jonas Lindner, Hans Oechsner, Andreas Lemmer
Vegetable waste is one of the major organic residues available for sustainable bioenergy production. The aim of this work is to study the influence of pH-value on process stability, hydrolysis, degradation degree and methane production in two-stage anaerobic system. A mixture of vegetable wastes with carrot mousse, carrots, celery, cabbage and potatoes was treated in two-stage system at target pH-values 5.5 and 6 in acidification reactor (AR). At pH 6, high concentrations of organic acids were recorded whereas high amount of hydrolysate was produced at pH 5...
September 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940850/sensitisation-to-fungi-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients-older-14-years-of-age-and-the-relation-to-the-occurrence-of-food-hypersensitivity-reactions
#12
J Čelakovská, J Bukač, K Ettler, J Vaneckova, I Krcmova, K Ettlerova
The aim of this study is the evaluation, if there is some relation between the sensitisation to fungi and the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions in atopic dermatitis patients aged 14 years and older. The complete dermatological and allergological examinations were perfomed in all included patients; the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions was recorded and the sensitisation to mixture of fungi was examined (skin prick test, specific IgE). The statistical evaluation of the relation between the sensitisation to fungi and the occurrence of food hypersensitivity reactions was performed; 331 patients were included in the study, 110 men and 221 women, the average age 26...
September 22, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939233/automatic-single-step-quick-easy-cheap-effective-rugged-and-safe-sample-preparation-devices-for-analysis-of-pesticide-residues-in-foods
#13
Jishi Wang, Zeying He, Lu Wang, Yaping Xu, Yi Peng, Xiaowei Liu
In this research, the manual two-step QuEChERS approach has been streamlined and automated into a one-step method using a cleanup tube fitted within an extraction tube. A novel automatic QuEChERS combination have been developed to simplify the QuEChERS procedures and improve sample preparation efficiency. This combination integrates QuEChERS procedures into a single run via the use of a vortex vibration-centrifuge device and a centrifuge filtration tube. To validate the efficiency of our automatic QuEChERS device, 270 pesticides were analyzed in plant origined foods including celery, tomatoes, leeks, eggplants, grapes, corn, green tea, and soybean oil using this automatic platform...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926441/paine-s-celery-compound-celery-seed-bracer-or-cocaine-elixir
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910714/nitrogen-discharge-pathways-in-vegetable-production-as-non-point-sources-of-pollution-and-measures-to-control-it
#15
Ju Min, Weiming Shi
Discharge of nitrogen (N) from fertilizers applied to vegetables is becoming a serious environmental problem. In a field experiment involving a celery-tomato-fallow-lettuce rotation, leaching was the primary pathway of N loss (56.1±0.4% of the total), followed, in descending order, by runoff (11.7±0.3%), N2O emissions (1.6±0.1%), and volatilization of ammonia (0.5±0.1%). Decreasing the traditional dose of N by 40% in each growth season decreased N leaching by 22.3±4.5, 39.8±6.7, 40.3±2.9 and 27.4±3...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862791/efficacy-of-the-volatile-oil-from-water-celery-helosciadium-nodiflorum-apiaceae-against-the-filariasis-vector-culex-quinquefasciatus-the-housefly-musca-domestica-and-the-african-cotton-leafworm-spodoptera-littoralis
#16
Giovanni Benelli, Roman Pavela, Massimo Ricciutelli, Giulio Lupidi, Filippo Maggi
Water celery (Helosciadium nodiflorum, Apiaceae), is a common and invasive hydrophyte occurring in rivers and slow waters of Europe. In the past, it was consumed as a vegetable and spices, but currently it has mostly been abandoned. As a result, this plant produces an unexploited biomass occluding rivers and slow waters. With the aim to valorise water celery as an important biomass source for the development of botanical insecticides, in this work we investigated the inhibitory effects of the essential oil hydro-distilled from its aerial parts against larvae of the filariasis vector Culex quinquefasciatus, adults of the housefly Musca domestica, and larvae of the African cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis...
September 1, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856586/tio2-nanowired-delivery-of-dl-3-n-butylphthalide-dl-nbp-attenuates-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-brain-edema-formation-and-neuronal-damages-following-concussive-head-injury
#17
Lianyuan Feng, Aruna Sharma, Feng Niu, Yin Huang, José Vicente Lafuente, Dafin Fior Muresanu, Asya Ozkizilcik, Z Ryan Tian, Hari Shanker Sharma
DL-3-n-butylphthalide (DL-NBP) is one of the constituents of Chinese celery extract that is used to treat stroke, dementia, and ischemic diseases. However, its role in traumatic brain injury is less well known. In this investigation, neuroprotective effects of DL-NBP in concussive head injury (CHI) on brain pathology were explored in a rat model. CHI was inflicted in anesthetized rats by dropping a weight of 114.6 g from a height of 20 cm through a guide tube on the exposed right parietal bone inducing an impact of 0...
August 30, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825548/development-of-a-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-method-combined-with-uv-visible-spectrophotometry-for-determination-of-trace-aluminum-iii-in-water-wastewater-food-biological-and-pharmaceutical-samples
#18
Nasrin Taghipour Birgani, Shahla Elhami
A simple and sensitive method was proposed for the preconcentration of trace levels of Al(III) prior to its determination by spectrophotometry, based on dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction. The complexation of the Al(III) was performed by chelation with Eriochrome Cyanine R (ECR). In this method, cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) as a dispersant was dissolved in chloroform as an extractant solvent, and then the solution was rapidly injected by a syringe into the samples containing Al(III), which had already been complexed by ECR at optimized pH...
January 1, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818381/agfns-overexpression-increase-apigenin-and-decrease-anthocyanins-in-petioles-of-transgenic-celery
#19
Guo-Fei Tan, Jing Ma, Xin-Yue Zhang, Zhi-Sheng Xu, Ai-Sheng Xiong
Apigenin and anthocyanin biosyntheses share common precursors in plants. Flavone synthase (FNS) converts naringenin into apigenin in higher plants. Celery is an important edible and medical vegetable crop that contains apigenin in its tissues. However, the effect of high AgFNS gene expression on the apigenin and anthocyanins contents of purple celery remains to be elucidated. In this study, the AgFNS gene was cloned from purple celery ('Nanxuan liuhe purple celery') and overexpressed in this purple celery to determine its influence on anthocyanins and apigenin contents...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798681/dl-3-n-butylphthalide-treatment-enhances-hemodynamics-and-ameliorates-memory-deficits-in-rats-with-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#20
Zhilin Xiong, Weibiao Lu, Lihui Zhu, Ling Zeng, Changzheng Shi, Zhen Jing, Yonghui Xiang, Wenxian Li, Chi Kwan Tsang, Yiwen Ruan, Li'an Huang
Our previous study has revealed that chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) activates a compensatory vascular mechanism attempting to maintain an optimal cerebral blood flow (CBF). However, this compensation fails to prevent neuronal death and cognitive impairment because neurons die prior to the restoration of normal CBF. Therefore, pharmacological invention may be critical to enhance the CBF for reducing neurodegeneration and memory deficit. Dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) is a compound isolated from the seeds of Chinese celery and has been proven to be able to prevent neuronal loss, reduce inflammation and ameliorate memory deficits in acute ischemic animal models and stroke patients...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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