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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377937/pumpkin-seed-bezoar-causing-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#1
Fredy Nehme, Kyle Rowe, Imad Nassif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367773/influence-of-pumpkin-seed-cake-and-extruded-linseed-on-milk-production-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-in-alpine-goats
#2
Z Klir, J M Castro-Montoya, J Novoselec, J Molkentin, M Domacinovic, B Mioc, U Dickhoefer, Z Antunovic
The aim was to determine the effect of substituting pumpkin seed cake (PSC) or extruded linseed (ELS) for soya bean meal in goats' diets on milk yield, milk composition and fatty acids profile of milk fat. In total, 28 dairy goats were divided into three groups. They were fed with concentrate mixtures containing soya bean meal (Control; n=9), ELS (n=10) or PSC (n=9) as main protein sources in the trial lasting 75 days. Addition of ELS or PSC did not influence milk yield and milk gross composition in contrast to fatty acid profile compared with Control...
April 3, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290292/novel-edible-oil-sources-microwave-heating-and-chemical-properties
#3
Seyed Mohammad Bagher Hashemi, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Mohamed Koubaa, Jaime Lopez-Cervantes, Seyed Hossein Asadi Yousefabad, Seyedeh Fatemeh Hosseini, Masoumeh Karimi, Azam Motazedian, Samira Asadifard
The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of various microwave heating times (1, 3, 5, 10, and 15min) on the chemical properties of novel edible oil sources, including Mashhadi melon (Cucumis melo var. Iranians cv. Mashhadi), Iranian watermelon (Citrullus lanatus cv. Fire Fon), pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo var. Styriaca), and yellow apple (Malus domestica cv. Golden Delicious) seed oils. The evaluated parameters were peroxide value (PV), conjugated diene (CD) and triene (CT) values, carbonyl value (CV), p-anisidine value (AnV), oil stability index (OSI), radical scavenging activity (RSA), total tocopherols, total phenolics, as well as chlorophyll and carotenoid contents...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158900/biochemical-proximates-of-pumpkin-cucurbitaeae-spp-and-their-beneficial-effects-on-the-general-well-being-of-poultry-species
#4
REVIEW
M C Achilonu, I C Nwafor, D O Umesiobi, M M Sedibe
There is a growing need to increase productivity in poultry. Growth hormones and antibiotics have the ability to improve health, weight gain and feed efficiency in meat-producing animals. The growth-promoting antibiotics are administered to poultry to improve the general performance of the chicken. However, the use of the xenobiotic drugs in food-producing animals has been a concern and a sensitive issue of debate for several decades in the EU and many other regional blocks of the world. Consequently, the use of hormones in animal production has been banned in Italy, Denmark and Germany for over 4-5 decades, while Belgium and Greece had never permitted its use for livestock fattening purposes...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126432/ige-mediated-anaphylactic-shock-caused-by-pumpkin-seed-in-an-adult
#5
Rayna Doll, John Johnson, Brian P Peppers, Haig Tcheurekdjian, Robert Hostoffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122663/the-possible-protective-role-of-pumpkin-seed-oil-in-an-animal-model-of-acid-aspiration-pneumonia-light-and-electron-microscopic-study
#6
Nesreen Moustafa Omar, Nahla Reda Sarhan
Aspiration pneumonitis is a common problem occurring in many clinical disorders. Pumpkin seed oil (PO) is a rich source of antioxidants. This work aimed to assess the effect of PO on the lung histopathological changes induced by acid aspiration. Forty male albino rats assigned to four groups were used. Rats of control group were instilled intratracheally with normal saline 2mL/kg. HCL group instilled with 2mL/kg of HCL 0.1N, pH 1.25. PO group received pumpkin seed oil (PO) orally (∼1375mg/kgbw/day) for 7days...
March 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115898/optimization-of-pumpkin-oil-recovery-by-using-aqueous-enzymatic-extraction-and-comparison-of-the-quality-of-the-obtained-oil-with-the-quality-of-cold-pressed-oil
#7
Iwona Konopka, Beata Roszkowska, Sylwester Czaplicki, Małgorzata Tańska
The study was carried out to optimize pumpkin oil recovery in the process of aqueous extraction preceded by enzymatic maceration of seeds, as well as to compare the quality of the obtained oil to the quality of cold-pressed pumpkin seed oil. Hydrated pulp of hulless pumpkin seeds was macerated using a 2% (by mass) cocktail of commercial pectinolytic, cellulolytic and proteolytic preparations (Rohapect(®) UF, Rohament(®) CL and Colorase(®) 7089). The optimization procedure utilized response surface methodology based on Box- -Behnken plan of experiment...
December 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114838/antioxidative-activities-and-phenolic-compounds-of-pumpkin-cucurbita-pepo-seeds-and-amaranth-amaranthus-caudatus-grain-extracts
#8
Pier Giorgio Peiretti, Giorgia Meineri, Francesco Gai, Erica Longato, Ryszard Amarowicz
Phenolic compounds were extracted from pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) seed and amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus) grain into 80% (v/v) methanol. The extracts obtained were characterised by the contents of total phenolic compounds (TPC), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and antiradical activity against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH(·)) radical. The content of individual phenolic compounds was determined by HPLC-DAD method. Pumpkin seeds showed the higher content of TPC than that from amaranth...
January 23, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054163/genetic-variation-and-population-structure-of-cucumber-green-mottle-mosaic-virus
#9
Li-Xia Rao, Yushuang Guo, Li-Li Zhang, Xue-Ping Zhou, Jian Hong, Jian-Xiang Wu
Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) is a single-stranded, positive sense RNA virus infecting cucurbitaceous plants. In recent years, CGMMV has become an important pathogen of cucurbitaceous crops including watermelon, pumpkin, cucumber and bottle gourd in China, causing serious losses to their production. In this study, we surveyed CGMMV infection in various cucurbitaceous crops grown in Zhejiang Province and in several seed lots purchased from local stores with the dot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (dot-ELISA), using a CGMMV specific monoclonal antibody...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968979/death-of-embryos-from-2300-year-old-quinoa-seeds-found-in-an-archaeological-site
#10
Hernán Pablo Burrieza, Agustín Sanguinetti, Catalina Teresa Michieli, Héctor Daniel Bertero, Sara Maldonado
In the 1970s, during excavations at Los Morrillos, San Juan, Argentina, quinoa seeds were found within ancient pumpkin crocks protected from the light and high temperatures, and preserved in the very dry conditions of the region. The radiocarbon dates confirmed the age of these seeds at around 2300 years. Sectioning of some of these seeds showed reddish-brown embryos, different from the white embryos of recently harvested quinoa seeds. The ancient seeds did not germinate. The structure of the embryo cells was examined using light and transmission electron microscopy; proteins were analyzed by electrophoresis followed by Coomassie blue and periodic acid Schiff staining and fatty acids by gas chromatography...
December 2016: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904410/involvement-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol-isomers-from%C3%A2-pumpkin-cucurbita-pepo-l-seed-oil-or-oil-mixtures-in%C3%A2-the-biphasic-dpph%C3%AB-disappearance-kinetics
#11
Dalibor Broznić, Gordana Čanadi Jurešić, Čedomila Milin
The antioxidant activity of three types of pumpkin seed oil or oil mixtures (cold- -pressed, produced from roasted seed paste and salad) produced in the northern part of Croatia and the kinetics of their behaviour as free radical scavengers were investigated using DPPH˙. In addition, the involvement of oil tocopherol isomers (α-, γ- and δ-) in different steps of DPPH˙ disappearance and their impact on the rate of reaction were analysed. The kinetics of DPPH˙ disappearance is a two-step process. In the first step, rapid disappearance of DPPH˙ occurs during the first 11 min of the reaction, depending on the oil type, followed by a slower decline in the second step...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882891/a-comparative-mass-spectrometric-study-of-fatty-acids-and-metals-in-some-seed-extracts
#12
Sonia Niculina Suvar, R Bleiziffer, P Podea, A Iordache, C Voica, R Zgavarogea, M Culea
A major cause of cardiovascular diseases and cancer is diet content, so the optimization of micronutrients in food is very important. Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation for patients had beneficial effects on subjective global assessment score and metabolic profiles. Fatty acids content and the metal ions in different seeds (e.g. linseed, poppy, grape, hemp, nuts, pumpkin, sesame, watermelon, chia) recommended as food supplements, purchased on the Romanian market, were compared. Gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used as an excellent technique for fatty acids identification and quantitation, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) for analytical measurements of metals...
2016: European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789625/ovary-derived-precursor-gibberellin-a9-is-essential-for-female-flower-development-in-cucumber
#13
Maria João Pimenta Lange, Theo Lange
Gibberellins (GAs) are hormones that control many aspects of plant development, including flowering. It is well known that stamen is the source of GAs that regulate male and bisexual flower development. However, little is known about the role of GAs in female flower development. In cucumber, high levels of GA precursors are present in ovaries and high levels of bioactive GA4 are identified in sepals/petals, reflecting the expression of GA 20-oxidase and 3-oxidase in these organs, respectively. Here, we show that the biologically inactive precursor GA9 moves from ovaries to sepal/petal tissues where it is converted to the bioactive GA4 necessary for female flower development...
December 1, 2016: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743330/biodiesel-from-plant-seed-oils-as-an-alternate-fuel-for-compression-ignition-engines-a-review
#14
REVIEW
C Vijayakumar, M Ramesh, A Murugesan, N Panneerselvam, D Subramaniam, M Bharathiraja
The modern scenario reveals that the world is facing energy crisis due to the dwindling sources of fossil fuels. Environment protection agencies are more concerned about the atmospheric pollution due to the burning of fossil fuels. Alternative fuel research is getting augmented because of the above reasons. Plant seed oils (vegetable oils) are cleaner, sustainable, and renewable. So, it can be the most suitable alternative fuel for compression ignition (CI) engines. This paper reviews the availability of different types of plant seed oils, several methods for production of biodiesel from vegetable oils, and its properties...
December 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730610/isolation-of-protein-storage-vacuoles-and-their-membranes
#15
Tomoo Shimada, Ikuko Hara-Nishimura
Protein-storage vacuoles (PSVs) are specialized vacuoles that sequester large amounts of storage proteins. During seed development, PSVs are formed de novo and/or from preexisting lytic vacuoles. Seed PSVs can be subdivided into four distinct compartments: membrane, globoid, matrix, and crystalloid. In this chapter, we introduce easy methods for isolation of PSVs and their membranes from pumpkin seeds. These methods facilitate the identification and characterization of PSV components.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688889/comparative-analysis-of-cucurbita-pepo-metabolism-throughout-fruit-development-in-acorn-squash-and-oilseed-pumpkin
#16
Lindsay E Wyatt, Susan R Strickler, Lukas A Mueller, Michael Mazourek
Both the fruit mesocarp and the seeds of winter squash can be used for consumption, although the focus of breeding efforts varies by cultivar. Cultivars bred for fruit consumption are selected for fruit mesocarp quality traits such as carotenoid content, percent dry matter, and percent soluble solids, while these traits are essentially ignored in oilseed pumpkins. To compare fruit development in these two types of squash, we sequenced the fruit transcriptome of two cultivars bred for different purposes: an acorn squash, 'Sweet REBA', and an oilseed pumpkin, 'Lady Godiva'...
2016: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598135/evaluation-of-anthelmintic-activity-and-composition-of-pumpkin-cucurbita-pepo-l-seed-extracts-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#17
Maciej Grzybek, Wirginia Kukula-Koch, Aneta Strachecka, Aleksandra Jaworska, Andrew M Phiri, Jerzy Paleolog, Krzysztof Tomczuk
UNLABELLED: A significant number of studies report growing resistance in nematodes thriving in both humans and livestock. This study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo anthelmintic efficiency of Curcubita pepo (C. pepo) L. hot water extract (HWE), cold water extract (CWE) or ethanol extract (ETE) on two model nematodes: Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) and Heligmosoides bakeri (H. bakeri). METHODS: Raman, IR and LC-MS spectroscopy analyses were performed on the studied plant material to deliver qualitative and quantitative data on the composition of the obtained extracts: ETE, HWE and CWE...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505990/consumption-of-baked-nuts-or-seeds-reduces-dental-plaque-acidogenicity-after-sucrose-challenge
#18
Xiaoling Wang, Chuoyue Cheng, Chunling Ge, Bing Wang, Ye-Hua Gan
PURPOSE: To assess the acidogenic potential of eight different types of baked nuts or seeds eaten alone and after a sucrose challenge using in-dwelling electrode telemetry. METHODS: Six participants wearing a mandibular partial prosthesis incorporated with a miniature glass pH electrode were enrolled. The plaque pH was measured after 5 or 6 days of plaque accumulation. To establish a control, the subjects were instructed to rinse with sucrose, without any subsequent treatment, at the first visit...
June 2016: American Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377091/the-role-of-cucurbita-pepo-in-the-management-of-patients-affected-by-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-due-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Rocco Damiano, Tommaso Cai, Paolo Fornara, Corrado Antonio Franzese, Rosario Leonardi, Vincenzo Mirone
OBJECTIVE: Phytotherapeutic compounds are largely used in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) due to low side-effect profiles and costs, high level of acceptance by patients and a low rate of dropout. Here, we aimed to analyze all available evidence on the role of Cucurbita pepo in the treatment of LUTS-BPH. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In May 2016 a systematic search was carried out thorough National Library of Medicine Pubmed, Scopus database and the ISI Web of Knowledge official website in order to identify all published studies on Cucurbita pepo and BPH...
July 4, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352915/food-combination-based-on-a-prehispanic-mexican-diet-decreases-metabolic-and-cognitive-abnormalities-and-gut-microbiota-dysbiosis-caused-by-a-sucrose-enriched-high-fat-diet-in-rats
#20
Avila-Nava Azalia, Noriega Lg, Tovar Ar, Granados O, Perez-Cruz C, Pedraza-Chaverri José, Torres Nimbe
SCOPE: There is few information about the possible health effects of a food combination based on a prehispanic Mexican diet (PMD). This diet rich in fiber, polyphenols, a healthy ratio of omega 6/omega 3 fatty acids, and vegetable protein could improve carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, gut microbiota and cognitive function. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the effect of a PMD in a sucrose enriched high-fat model. The PMD contains corn, beans, tomato, nopal, chia and pumpkin seeds in dehydrated form...
June 29, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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