Read by QxMD icon Read

pumpkin seeds

C Vijayakumar, M Ramesh, A Murugesan, N Panneerselvam, D Subramaniam, M Bharathiraja
The modern scenario reveals that the world is facing energy crisis due to the dwindling sources of fossil fuels. Environment protection agencies are more concerned about the atmospheric pollution due to the burning of fossil fuels. Alternative fuel research is getting augmented because of the above reasons. Plant seed oils (vegetable oils) are cleaner, sustainable, and renewable. So, it can be the most suitable alternative fuel for compression ignition (CI) engines. This paper reviews the availability of different types of plant seed oils, several methods for production of biodiesel from vegetable oils, and its properties...
October 15, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Tomoo Shimada, Ikuko Hara-Nishimura
Protein-storage vacuoles (PSVs) are specialized vacuoles that sequester large amounts of storage proteins. During seed development, PSVs are formed de novo and/or from preexisting lytic vacuoles. Seed PSVs can be subdivided into four distinct compartments: membrane, globoid, matrix, and crystalloid. In this chapter, we introduce easy methods for isolation of PSVs and their membranes from pumpkin seeds. These methods facilitate the identification and characterization of PSV components.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Lindsay E Wyatt, Susan R Strickler, Lukas A Mueller, Michael Mazourek
Both the fruit mesocarp and the seeds of winter squash can be used for consumption, although the focus of breeding efforts varies by cultivar. Cultivars bred for fruit consumption are selected for fruit mesocarp quality traits such as carotenoid content, percent dry matter, and percent soluble solids, while these traits are essentially ignored in oilseed pumpkins. To compare fruit development in these two types of squash, we sequenced the fruit transcriptome of two cultivars bred for different purposes: an acorn squash, 'Sweet REBA', and an oilseed pumpkin, 'Lady Godiva'...
2016: Horticulture Research
Maciej Grzybek, Wirginia Kukula-Koch, Aneta Strachecka, Aleksandra Jaworska, Andrew M Phiri, Jerzy Paleolog, Krzysztof Tomczuk
UNLABELLED: A significant number of studies report growing resistance in nematodes thriving in both humans and livestock. This study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo anthelmintic efficiency of Curcubita pepo (C. pepo) L. hot water extract (HWE), cold water extract (CWE) or ethanol extract (ETE) on two model nematodes: Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) and Heligmosoides bakeri (H. bakeri). METHODS: Raman, IR and LC-MS spectroscopy analyses were performed on the studied plant material to deliver qualitative and quantitative data on the composition of the obtained extracts: ETE, HWE and CWE...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiaoling Wang, Chuoyue Cheng, Chunling Ge, Bing Wang, Ye-Hua Gan
PURPOSE: To assess the acidogenic potential of eight different types of baked nuts or seeds eaten alone and after a sucrose challenge using in-dwelling electrode telemetry. METHODS: Six participants wearing a mandibular partial prosthesis incorporated with a miniature glass pH electrode were enrolled. The plaque pH was measured after 5 or 6 days of plaque accumulation. To establish a control, the subjects were instructed to rinse with sucrose, without any subsequent treatment, at the first visit...
June 2016: American Journal of Dentistry
Rocco Damiano, Tommaso Cai, Paolo Fornara, Corrado Antonio Franzese, Rosario Leonardi, Vincenzo Mirone
OBJECTIVE: Phytotherapeutic compounds are largely used in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) due to low side-effect profiles and costs, high level of acceptance by patients and a low rate of dropout. Here, we aimed to analyze all available evidence on the role of Cucurbita pepo in the treatment of LUTS-BPH. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In May 2016 a systematic search was carried out thorough National Library of Medicine Pubmed, Scopus database and the ISI Web of Knowledge official website in order to identify all published studies on Cucurbita pepo and BPH...
2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Avila-Nava Azalia, Noriega Lg, Tovar Ar, Granados O, Perez-Cruz C, Pedraza-Chaverri José, Torres Nimbe
SCOPE: There is few information about the possible health effects of a food combination based on a prehispanic Mexican diet (PMD). This diet rich in fiber, polyphenols, a healthy ratio of omega 6/omega 3 fatty acids, and vegetable protein could improve carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, gut microbiota and cognitive function. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the effect of a PMD in a sucrose enriched high-fat model. The PMD contains corn, beans, tomato, nopal, chia and pumpkin seeds in dehydrated form...
June 29, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Eman M Khalaf, Manish N Raizada
BACKGROUND: Endophytes are microbes that colonize plant internal tissues without causing disease. In particular, seed-associated endophytes may be vectors for founder microbes that establish the plant microbiome, which may subsequently contribute beneficial functions to their host plants including nutrient acquisition and promotion of plant growth. The Cucurbitaceae family of gourds (e.g., cucumbers, melons, pumpkin, squash), including its fruits and seeds, is widely consumed by humans...
2016: BMC Microbiology
A Patel, S L Bahna
Several seeds have been increasingly incorporated in various food items, with consequent risk of hypersensitivity reactions that are often severe. Identification of the specific seed as the culprit is often not explored or is difficult to verify. In this article, we reviewed the English literature from January 1930 to March 2016 using PubMed and Google Scholar searching for publications relevant to hypersensitivity to common edible seeds, namely sesame, sunflower seed, poppy seed, pumpkin seed, flaxseed, and mustard seed...
October 2016: Allergy
Xiu-Ju Zhao, Yu-Lian Chen, Bing Fu, Wen Zhang, Zhiguo Liu, Hexian Zhuo
BACKGROUND: Understanding the metabolic and transcription basis of pumpkin seed oil (PSO) intervention on metabolic disease (MD) is essential to daily nutrition and health. RESULTS: Here, we analyzed the liver metabolic variations from Wistar rats with normal diet (CON), high fat diet (HFD) and high fat plus PSO diet (PSO) to establish the relationship between the liver metabolite compositions/transcript profile and the effects of PSO on MD. By using proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy accompanied with multivariate data analysis, we found that compared with CON, the HFD rats showed clear dysfunctions of choline metabolism, glucose metabolism, nucleotide and amino acid metabolisms...
June 13, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Sana Bardaa, Nihed Ben Halima, Fatma Aloui, Riadh Ben Mansour, Hazem Jabeur, Mohamed Bouaziz, Zouheir Sahnoun
BACKGROUND: Increasing natural drug demand for pharmaceutical uses has encouraged scientifics all over the world to explore medicinal plants recognized as efficient remedies. In this context, extracted oil from pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita pepo L.) is an interesting target, as it is composed with prominent pharmacological properties to possible wound healing treatments. METHODS: The composition and content of certain bioactive constituents of the cold pressed oil obtained from pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita pepo L...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Jorge Moreda-Piñeiro, Paloma Herbello-Hermelo, Raquel Domínguez-González, Pilar Bermejo-Barrera, Antonio Moreda-Piñeiro
Bioavailability of essential and toxic metals in edible nuts and seeds has been assessed by using an in vitro dialyzability approach. The samples studied included walnuts, Brazil nuts, Macadamia nuts, pecans, hazelnuts, chestnuts, cashews, peanuts, pistachios and seeds (almond, pine, pumpkin and sunflower). Metals were measured by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry in dialyzates and also in samples after a microwave assisted acid digestion pre-treatment. Low dialyzability percentages were found for Al, Fe and Hg; moderate percentages were found for Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cu, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, P, Pb, Se, Sr, Tl and Zn; and high dialyzability ratios were found for As, Cr and Ni...
August 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
Svjetlana Medjakovic, Stefanie Hobiger, Karin Ardjomand-Woelkart, Franz Bucar, Alois Jungbauer
Pumpkin seeds have been known in folk medicine as remedy for kidney, bladder and prostate disorders since centuries. Nevertheless, pumpkin research provides insufficient data to back up traditional beliefs of ethnomedical practice. The bioactivity of a hydro-ethanolic extract of pumpkin seeds from the Styrian pumpkin, Cucurbita pepo L. subsp. pepo var. styriaca, was investigated. As pumpkin seed extracts are standardized to cucurbitin, this compound was also tested. Transactivational activity was evaluated for human androgen receptor, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor with in vitro yeast assays...
April 2016: Fitoterapia
Betsabé Hernández-Santos, Jesús Rodríguez-Miranda, Erasmo Herman-Lara, Juan G Torruco-Uco, Roselis Carmona-García, José M Juárez-Barrientos, Rubí Chávez-Zamudio, Cecilia E Martínez-Sánchez
The effects of amplitude and time of ultrasound-assisted extraction on the physicochemical properties and the fatty acid profile of pumpkin seed oil (Cucurbita pepo) were evaluated. Ultrasound time (5-30 min) and the response variables amplitude (25-100%), extraction yield, efficiency, oxidative stability in terms of the free fatty acids (FFA) of the plant design comprising two independent experiments variables, peroxide (PV), p-anisidine (AV), totox value (TV) and the fatty acid profile were evaluated. The results were analyzed by multiple linear regression...
July 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Zhao-Yun Yu, Bao-de Zhang, Jun-ya Ning, Yuan-yuan Wang, Wen-ying Yuan
Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunity cellular parasite, related to the infection of various animals and human beings and severely impairing agriculture and human health. Because of the complexity of T. gondii life cycle, its different biological characteristics, and multifarious pathogenesis, there are no specific treatment and preventive medicines at present. Chinese herbal medicine can balance "yin-yang" and regulate the immunity and its side-effect is slight. Now, it has been a hot topic of the research on effective and secure medicines in anti-toxoplasmosis...
October 2015: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Alexander G Volkov, Eunice K Nyasani, Clayton Tuckett, Esther A Greeman, Vladislav S Markin
Leon Chua, the discoverer of a memristor, theoretically predicted that voltage gated ion channels can be memristors. We recently found memristors in different plants such as the Venus flytrap, Mimosa pudica, Aloe vera, apple fruits, and in potato tubers. There are no publications in literature about the existence of memristors in seeds. The goal of this work was to discover if pumpkin seeds might have memristors. We selected Cucurbita pepo L., cv. Cinderella, Cucurbita maxima L. cv Warty Goblin, and Cucurbita maxima L...
2016: Plant Signaling & Behavior
Munagapati Venkata Subbaiah, Dong-Su Kim
Present research discussed the utilization of aminated pumpkin seed powder (APSP) as an adsorbent for methyl orange (MO) removal from aqueous solution. Batch sorption experiments were carried to evaluate the influence of pH, initial dye concentration, contact time, and temperature. The APSP was characterized by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The experimental equilibrium adsorption data were fitted using two two-parameter models (Langmuir and Freundlich) and two three-parameter models (Sips and Toth)...
June 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Xiaobo Chen, Yu Chen, Changhao Zhong, Yunxiang Zeng, Weizhan Luo, Shiyue Li
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of the airway foreign body removal by balloon catheter via flexible bronchoscope in children. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed of 26 cases of airway foreign body removal in children by balloon catheter via flexible bronchoscope in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University between December 2006 and December 2014. RESULTS: There were 14 males and 12 females, aging between 1 and 12 years (median age: 25 months)...
March 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Narayan Chandra Paul, Jian Xin Deng, Hyang Burm Lee, Seung-Hun Yu
In the course of survey of endophytic fungi from Bangladesh pumpkin seeds in 2011~2012, two strains (CNU111042 and CNU111043) with similar colony characteristics were isolated and characterized by their morphology and by molecular phylogenetic analysis of the internal transcribed spacer, glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gpd), and Alternaria allergen a1 (Alt a1) sequences. Phylogenetic analysis of all three sequences and their combined dataset revealed that the fungus formed a subclade within the A...
December 2015: Mycobiology
Somaieh Aghaie, Hossein Nikzad, Javad Amini Mahabadi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Abolfazl Azami-Tameh, Aliakbar Taherian, Seyyed Mohammad Sajjad Sajjadian, Mehran Kamani
Reproductive toxicity is one of the side effects of cyclophosphamide (CP) in cancer treatment. Pumpkin seeds and Zingiber officinale are natural sources of antioxidants. We investigated the possible protective effect of combined pumpkin seed and Zingiber officinale extracts on sperm characteristics, epididymal histology and biochemical parameters of CP-treated rats. Male adult Wistar rats were divided randomly into six groups. Group 1, as a control, received an isotonic saline solution injection intraperitoneally (IP)...
September 2016: Anatomical Science International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"