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acetylcarnitine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326943/analgesia-induced-by-the-epigenetic-drug-l-acetylcarnitine-outlasts-the-end-of-treatment-in-mouse-models-of-chronic-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain
#1
Serena Notartomaso, Giada Mascio, Matteo Bernabucci, Cristina Zappulla, Pamela Scarselli, Milena Cannella, Tiziana Imbriglio, Roberto Gradini, Giuseppe Battaglia, Valeria Bruno, Ferdinando Nicoletti
Background L-acetylcarnitine, a drug marketed for the treatment of chronic pain, causes analgesia by epigenetically up-regulating type-2 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu2) receptors in the spinal cord. Because the epigenetic mechanisms are typically long-lasting, we hypothesized that analgesia could outlast the duration of L-acetylcarnitine treatment in models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Results A seven-day treatment with L-acetylcarnitine (100 mg/kg, once a day, i.p.) produced an antiallodynic effect in the complete Freund adjuvant mouse model of chronic inflammatory pain...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287417/the-effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-formula-mkg-on-allergic-asthma-by-regulating-lung-and-plasma-metabolic-alternations
#2
Meng Yu, Hong-Mei Jia, Feng-Xia Cui, Yong Yang, Yang Zhao, Mao-Hua Yang, Zhong-Mei Zou
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airway and is characterized by airway remodeling, hyperresponsiveness, and shortness of breath. Modified Kushen Gancao Formula (mKG), derived from traditional Chinese herbal medicines (TCM), has been demonstrated to have good therapeutic effects on experimental allergic asthma. However, its anti-asthma mechanism remains currently unknown. In the present work, metabolomics studies of biochemical changes in the lung tissue and plasma of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma mice with mKG treatment were performed using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195849/detection-and-alterations-of-acetylcarnitine-in-human-skeletal-muscles-by-1h-mrs-at-7-t
#3
Radka Klepochová, Ladislav Valkovič, Martin Gajdošík, Thomas Hochwartner, Harald Tschan, Michael Krebs, Siegfried Trattnig, Martin Krššák
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to detect the acetylcarnitine resonance line at 2.13 ppm in the human vastus lateralis and soleus muscles, assess T1 and T2 relaxation times, and investigate the diurnal and exercise-related changes in absolute concentration noninvasively, using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 7 T. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All measurements were performed on a 7 T whole-body Magnetom MR system with a 28-channel knee coil. Five healthy, moderately trained volunteers participated in the assessment of the detectability, repeatability, and relaxation times of acetylcarnitine...
February 10, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122782/a-metabolomic-study-of-biomarkers-of-meat-and-fish-intake
#4
William Cheung, Pekka Keski-Rahkonen, Nada Assi, Pietro Ferrari, Heinz Freisling, Sabina Rinaldi, Nadia Slimani, Raul Zamora-Ros, Milena Rundle, Gary Frost, Helena Gibbons, Eibhlin Carr, Lorraine Brennan, Amanda J Cross, Valeria Pala, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Tilman Kühn, Rudolf Kaaks, Heiner Boeing, Anna Floegel, Francesca Mancini, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Laura Baglietto, Antonia Trichopoulou, Androniki Naska, Philippos Orfanos, Augustin Scalbert
BACKGROUND: Meat and fish intakes have been associated with various chronic diseases. The use of specific biomarkers may help to assess meat and fish intake and improve subject classification according to the amount and type of meat or fish consumed. OBJECTIVE: A metabolomic approach was applied to search for biomarkers of meat and fish intake in a dietary intervention study and in free-living subjects from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026116/hyperpolarized-13-c-acetate-to-acetylcarnitine-imaging-correction-of-acetate-transport-into-mitochondria
#5
Ulrich Koellisch, Concetta V Gringeri, Rolf F Schulte, Axel Haase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956466/plasma-amino-acid-levels-are-elevated-in-young-healthy-low-birth-weight-men-exposed-to-short-term-high-fat-overfeeding
#6
Amalie Ribel-Madsen, Lars I Hellgren, Charlotte Brøns, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Christopher B Newgard, Allan A Vaag
Low birth weight (LBW) individuals exhibit a disproportionately increased, incomplete fatty acid oxidation and a decreased glucose oxidation, compared with normal birth weight (NBW) individuals, and furthermore have an increased risk of developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. We hypothesized that changes in amino acid metabolism may occur parallel to alterations in fatty acid and glucose oxidation, and could contribute to insulin resistance. Therefore, we measured fasting plasma levels of 15 individual or pools of amino acids in 18 LBW and 25 NBW men after an isocaloric control diet and after a 5-day high-fat, high-calorie diet...
December 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898008/research-on-the-relationships-between-endogenous-biomarkers-and-exogenous-toxic-substances-of-acute-toxicity-in-radix-aconiti
#7
Haonan Zhou, Pengjie Zhang, Zhiguo Hou, Jiabin Xie, Yuming Wang, Bin Yang, Yanyan Xu, Yubo Li
Radix Aconiti, a classic traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been widely used throughout China for disease treatment due to its various pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic, and analgesic effects. However, improper use of Radix Aconiti often generated severe acute toxicity. Currently, research on the toxic substances of Radix Aconiti is not rare. In our previous study, acute toxic biomarkers of Radix Aconiti have been found. However, few studies were available to find the relationships between these endogenous biomarkers and exogenous toxic substances...
November 25, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895387/retention-of-acetylcarnitine-in-chronic-kidney-disease-causes-insulin-resistance-in-skeletal-muscle
#8
Yasunori Miyamoto, Teruo Miyazaki, Akira Honda, Homare Shimohata, Kouichi Hirayama, Masaki Kobayashi
Insulin resistance occurs frequently in patients with chronic kidney disease. However, the mechanisms of insulin resistance associated with chronic kidney disease are unclear. It is known that an increase in the mitochondrial acetyl-CoA (AcCoA)/CoA ratio causes insulin resistance in skeletal muscle, and this ratio is regulated by carnitine acetyltransferase that exchanges acetyl moiety between CoA and carnitine. Because excess acetyl moiety of AcCoA is excreted in urine as acetylcarnitine, we hypothesized that retention of acetylcarnitine might be a cause of insulin resistance in chronic kidney disease patients...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851872/hyperpolarized-13-c-acetate-to-acetylcarnitine-imaging-correction-of-acetate-transport-into-mitochondria
#9
Ulrich Koellisch, Concetta V Gringeri, Rolf F Schulte, Axel Haase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591119/efficacy-of-bezafibrate-on-fibroblasts-of-glutaric-acidemia-type-ii-patients-evaluated-using-an-in-vitro-probe-acylcarnitine-assay
#10
Kenji Yamada, Hironori Kobayashi, Ryosuke Bo, Jamiyan Purevsuren, Yuichi Mushimoto, Tomoo Takahashi, Yuki Hasegawa, Takeshi Taketani, Seiji Fukuda, Seiji Yamaguchi
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the effects of bezafibrate (BEZ) on β-oxidation in fibroblasts obtained from patients with glutaric acidemia type II (GA2) of various clinical severities using an in vitro probe (IVP) assay. METHODS: Cultured fibroblasts from 12 patients with GA2, including cases of the neonatal-onset type both with and without congenital anomalies (the prenatal- and neonatal-onset forms, respectively), the infantile-onset, and the myopathic forms, were studied...
January 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530300/inflammation-in-adult-women-with-a-history-of-child-maltreatment-the-involvement-of-mitochondrial-alterations-and-oxidative-stress
#11
Christina Boeck, Alexandra Maria Koenig, Katharina Schury, Martha Leonie Geiger, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Sarah Wilker, Christiane Waller, Harald Gündel, Jörg Michael Fegert, Enrico Calzia, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
The experience of maltreatment during childhood is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation in adulthood. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this pro-inflammatory phenotype remain unclear. Mitochondria were recently found to principally coordinate inflammatory processes via both inflammasome activation and inflammasome-independent pathways. To this end, we hypothesized that alterations in immune cell mitochondrial functioning and oxidative stress might be at the interface between the association of maltreatment experiences during childhood and inflammation...
September 2016: Mitochondrion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471436/treatment-of-lean-and-diet-induced-obesity-dio-mice-with-a-novel-stable-obestatin-analogue-alters-plasma-metabolite-levels-as-detected-by-untargeted-lc-ms-metabolomics
#12
Elaine Cowan, Praveen Kumar, Kerry J Burch, David J Grieve, Brian D Green, Stewart F Graham
INTRODUCTION: Obestatin is a controversial gastrointestinal peptide purported to have metabolic actions. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether treatment with a stable obestatin analogue (PEG-OB(Cys(10), Cys(13))) changed plasma metabolite levels firstly in lean and subsequently in diet-induced obesity (DIO) C57BL6/J mice. METHODS: Untargeted LC-HRMS metabolomics experiments were carried out in ESI + mode with plasma extracts from both groups of animals...
2016: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240302/quantitative-analysis-of-amino-acids-and-acylcarnitines-combined-with-untargeted-metabolomics-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-and-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#13
Cynthia Roy, Pierre-Yves Tremblay, Jean-François Bienvenu, Pierre Ayotte
Metabolomics is an "omic" technique being increasingly used in epidemiological and clinical studies. We developed a method combining untargeted metabolomics with the quantitative determination of eight amino acids (AA) and eight acylcarnitines (AC) in plasma using ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC), electrospray ionization (ESI) and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (QTOFMS). Separation of metabolites is performed by ion-pair reverse phase UHPLC using a HSS T3 column (2.1×100mm, 100Å, 1...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236897/-study-on-serum-metabolite-profiling-in-pi-deficiency-rats-based-on-lc-ms-technique
#14
Lian-qun Jia, Bi-xian Zhen, Xu Ying, Guan-lin Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore metabolite profiling changes in serum of rats with pi-qi deficiency syndrome (PQDS) and pi-yang deficiency syndrome (PYDS) based on liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer (LC-MS) technique, and to explore the essence of Pi-deficiency syndrome (PDS) from small molecule metabolite level. METHODS: Totally 21 male SD rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into three groups, the normal control group, the PQDS group, and the PYDS group, 7 in each group...
March 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216769/quantification-of-2-methylcitric-acid-in-dried-blood-spots-improves-newborn-screening-for-propionic-and-methylmalonic-acidemias
#15
Osama Y Al-Dirbashi, Nathan McIntosh, Pranesh Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening for propionic acidemia and methylmalonic acidurias using the marker propionylcarnitine (C3) is neither sensitive nor specific. Using C3 to acetylcarnitine (C3/C2) ratio, together with conservative C3 cut-offs, can improve screening sensitivity, but the false positive rate remains high. Incorporating the marker 2-methylcitric acid has been suggested, to improve the positive predictive value for these disorders without compromising the sensitivity. METHODS: Between July 2011 and December 2012 at the Newborn Screening Ontario laboratory, all neonatal dried blood spot samples that were reported as screen positive for propionic acidemia or methylmalonic acidurias based on elevated C3 and C3/C2 ratio were analyzed for 2-methylcitric acid, using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry...
May 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187037/effect-of-simvastatin-coenzyme-q10-resveratrol-acetylcysteine-and-acetylcarnitine-on-mitochondrial-respiration
#16
Z Fišar, J Hroudová, N Singh, A Kopřivová, D Macečková
Some therapeutic and/or adverse effects of drugs may be related to their effects on mitochondrial function. The effects of simvastatin, resveratrol, coenzyme Q10, acetylcysteine, and acetylcarnitine on Complex I-, Complex II-, or Complex IV-linked respiratory rate were determined in isolated brain mitochondria. The protective effects of these biologically active compounds on the calcium-induced decrease of the respiratory rate were also studied. We observed a significant inhibitory effect of simvastatin on mitochondrial respiration (IC50 = 24...
2016: Folia Biologica (Praha)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27150735/measuring-changes-in-substrate-utilization-in-the-myocardium-in-response-to-fasting-using-hyperpolarized-1-13-c-butyrate-and-1-13-c-pyruvate
#17
Jessica A M Bastiaansen, Matthew E Merritt, Arnaud Comment
Cardiac dysfunction is often associated with a shift in substrate preference for ATP production. Hyperpolarized (HP) (13)C magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has the unique ability to detect real-time metabolic changes in vivo due to its high sensitivity and specificity. Here a protocol using HP [1-(13)C]pyruvate and [1-(13)C]butyrate is used to measure carbohydrate versus fatty acid metabolism in vivo. Metabolic changes in fed and fasted Sprague Dawley rats (n = 36) were studied at 9.4 T after tail vein injections...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112275/the-impact-of-altered-carnitine-availability-on-acylcarnitine-metabolism-energy-expenditure-and-glucose-tolerance-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#18
Marieke G Schooneman, Riekelt H Houtkooper, Carla E M Hollak, Ronald J A Wanders, Frédéric M Vaz, Maarten R Soeters, Sander M Houten
AIM: Acylcarnitines are fatty acid oxidation (FAO) intermediates, which have been implicated in diet-induced insulin resistance. Elevated acylcarnitine levels are found in obese, insulin resistant humans and rodents, and coincide with lower free carnitine. We hypothesized that increasing free carnitine levels by administration of the carnitine precursor γ-butyrobetaine (γBB) could facilitate FAO, thereby improving insulin sensitivity. METHODS: C57BL/6N mice were fed with a high fat or chow diet with or without γBB supplementation (n=10 per group)...
August 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998483/carnitine-and-or-acetylcarnitine-deficiency-as-a-cause-of-higher-levels-of-ammonia
#19
Cecilia Maldonado, Natalia Guevara, Cecilia Queijo, Raquel González, Pietro Fagiolino, Marta Vázquez
Blood carnitine and/or acetylcarnitine deficiencies are postulated in the literature as possible causes of higher ammonia levels. The aim of this study was to investigate if the use of valproic acid, the age of the patients, or certain central nervous system pathologies can cause carnitine and/or acetylcarnitine deficiency leading to increased ammonia levels. Three groups of patients were studied: (A) epileptic under phenytoin monotherapy (n = 31); (B) with bipolar disorder under valproic acid treatment (n = 28); (C) elderly (n = 41)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988915/to-treat-or-not-to-treat-metabolomics-reveals-biomarkers-for-treatment-indication-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-patients
#20
Jaroslaw Piszcz, Emily G Armitage, Alessia Ferrarini, Francisco J Rupérez, Agnieszka Kulczynska, Lukasz Bolkun, Janusz Kloczko, Adam Kretowski, Alina Urbanowicz, Michal Ciborowski, Coral Barbas
In chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), the clinical course of patients is heterogeneous. Some present an aggressive disease onset and require immediate therapy, while others remain without treatment for years. Current disease staging systems developed by Rai and Binet may be useful in forecasting patient survival time, but do not discriminate between stable and progressive forms of the disease in the early stages. Recently ample attention has been directed towards identifying new disease prognostic markers capable of predicting clinical aggressiveness at diagnosis...
April 19, 2016: Oncotarget
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