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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431588/chiva-a-prospective-study-of-a-vein-sparing-technique-for-the-management-of-varicose-vein-disease
#1
Marta Zmudzinski, Pierre Malo, Christine Hall, Allen Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Varicose vein disease (VVD) affects approximately one third of adults. Cure Conservatrice et Hémodynamique de l'Insuffisance Veineuse en Ambulatoire (CHIVA) is a minimally invasive, vein sparing technique that is emerging as an alternative to ablative techniques for treating VVD. METHODS: This prospective study assessed the rate of recurrence of venous reflux with CHIVA. We evaluated 150 primary procedures with clinical and duplex ultrasound examinations pre and post operatively...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426695/a-comparative-study-of-pediatric-open-pyeloplasty-laparoscopy-assisted-extracorporeal-pyeloplasty-and-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#2
Sang Hoon Song, Chanwoo Lee, Jaeyoon Jung, Sung Jin Kim, Sungchan Park, Hyungkeun Park, Kun Suk Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of open pyeloplasty (OP), laparoscopy-assisted extracorporeal (LEXP), and robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RALP) for ureteropelvic junction obstruction in pediatric patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the age-matched cohort of 30 children who underwent OP, 30 who underwent LEXP, and 10 who underwent RALP at a single institution, from 1996 to 2014. Pre- and post-operative variables including success rate were compared among surgical groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425068/analysis-of-cervical-sagittal-alignment-change-following-correction-of-thoracic-and-thoracolumbar-scheuermann-s-kyphosis
#3
Luigi Aurelio Nasto, Saggah Tarek Shalabi, Ana Belen Perez-Romera, Samiul Muquit, Amir Reza Ghasemi, Hossein Mehdian
PURPOSE: To analyse pre-operative and post-operative changes of cervical sagittal alignment (CSA) in Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK) patients. METHODS: 64 SK and 33 control patients were retrospectively reviewed. Whole spine X-rays obtained at pre-op, 3 months post-op and at latest follow-up were reviewed and ten separate CSA radiological parameters were measured. Patients were divided in three groups: thoracic SK (TK group, apex T6-T9, n = 40), thoracolumbar SK (TLK group, apex T10-T12, n = 24), and controls...
April 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424092/analyzing-the-association-between-fish-consumption-and-osteoporosis-in-a-sample-of-chinese-men
#4
Xia Li, Tao Lei, Zihui Tang, Jingcheng Dong
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of this study was to estimate the associations between frequency of fish food consumption and osteoporosis (OP) in general Chinese men. METHODS: We conducted a large-scale, community-based, cross-sectional study to investigate the associations by using self-report questionnaire to access frequency of fish food intake. A total of 1092 men were available for data analysis in this study. Multiple regression models controlling for confounding factors to include frequency of fish food consumption variable were performed to investigate the relationships for OP...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422273/a-survey-of-women-s-awareness-of-and-reasons-for-lack-of-postfracture-osteoporotic-care
#5
Denise M Boudreau, Onchee Yu, Akhila Balasubramanian, Heidi Wirtz, Andreas Grauer, Daria B Crittenden, Delia Scholes
OBJECTIVES: To identify women's beliefs and other factors associated with lack of osteoporosis (OP) pharmacotherapy (OP-RX) during the 6 months after a fragility fracture, including the woman's perspective on fracture risk, OP, and treatment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Group Health Cooperative, a mixed-model delivery system. PARTICIPANTS: Female Group Health Cooperative enrollees aged 55 and older with an OP-related fracture according to diagnostic and procedure codes from January 1, 2013, to March 30, 2014 (N = 985)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420923/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-early-outcomes-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#6
Ghulam Hussain, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig, Abdul Ghaffar, Sara Zaheer, Hafiz Muhammad Azam Raheel, Sehrish Khalid
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of body mass index on early outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting in terms of morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective comparative study was conducted at Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology, Multan, Pakistan, and comprised data of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting from December 2007 to December 2015. Analysis of variance and chi-square test were used for analysis of groups formed on the basis of body mass index...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409377/laparoscopic-radical-antegrade-modular-pancreatosplenectomy-for-left-sided-pancreatic-cancer-using-the-ligament-of-treitz-approach
#7
Yusuke Ome, Kazuki Hashida, Mitsuru Yokota, Yoshio Nagahisa, Okabe Michio, Kazuyuki Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (Lap-DP) for benign lesions or those with low malignant potential has been proven safe and effective, and its performance is now widespread [1-3]. Lap-DP for left-sided pancreatic cancer (PC) is also being increasingly performed. According to some reports, Lap-DP has superior short-term outcomes (blood loss, postoperative hospital stay) and comparable oncological outcomes and overall survival with those of open distal pancreatectomy (Op-DP) [4-6]...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406525/an-improved-radiosynthesis-of-o-2-18-f-fluoroethyl-o-p-nitrophenyl-methylphosphonate-a-first-in-class-cholinesterase-pet-tracer
#8
Kiel D Neumann, Charles M Thompson, Joseph E Blecha, John M Gerdes, Henry F VanBrocklin
O-(2-Fluoroethyl)-O-(p-nitrophenyl) methylphosphonate 1 is an organophosphate (OP) cholinesterase inhibitor, which creates a phosphonyl-serine covalent adduct at the enzyme active site blocking cholinesterase activity in vivo. The corresponding radiolabeled O-(2-[(18) F]fluoroethyl)-O-(p-nitrophenyl) methylphosphonate, [(18) F]1, has been previously prepared and found to be an excellent positron emission tomography (PET) imaging tracer for assessment of cholinesterases in live brain, peripheral tissues and blood...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404526/stereospecific-cholinesterase-inhibition-by-o-s-diethylphenylphosphonothioate
#9
Ahmed Mohammed, Jennifer Sneathen, Sara Glazier Frojen, Louis Kuo, Cynthia M Dupureur
The inhibition kinetics and stereospecificity of the chiral nerve agent derivative O,S-diethylphenylphosphonothioate (DEPP) were examined for two forms of acetylcholinesterase (human and eel) and equine butyrylcholinesterase. Both S- and R-DEPP are poor inhibitors of eel AChE (IC50 150μM), consistent with a large, nondiscriminatory binding interaction in the active site of this enzyme. However, S-DEPP is active against human and equine AChE with low μM IC50s. DEPP stereospecificities (S/R) toward these enzymes are moderate (20) relative to other cholinesterase-organophosphate (OP) systems...
March 30, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401383/gallstone-disease-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-an-asian-population-what-proportion-of-gallstones-actually-becomes-symptomatic
#10
Muhammed Yaser Hasan, Davide Lomanto, Lee Leng Loh, Jimmy Bok Yan So, Asim Shabbir
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence on gallstone disease after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), there is an existing lack of consensus on practice guidelines, i.e., surveillance and stone-lowering prophylaxis. Available evidence also has a racial bias as western reports predominate current data. Considering the growing popularity of LSG in Asia and the unique Asian anthropometrics, we have attempted to provide a regional perspective by reviewing our LSG database to investigate the epidemiology of this complication...
April 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398151/assessing-bone-type-of-implant-recipient-sites-by-stereomicroscopic-observation-of-bone-core-specimens-a-comparison-with-the-assessment-using-dental-radiography
#11
Min-Wen Fu, E-Chin Shen, Earl Fu, Fu-Gong Lin, Tian-You Wang, Hsien-Chung Chiu
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine if bone quality evaluation of surgically obtained bone core specimens using a stereomicroscope is reliable for determining bone quality at implant recipient sites. METHODS: Bone quality was pre-surgically assessed in 122 edentulous ridges obtained from 62 patients using periapical radiographs and categorized according to the Lekholm and Zarb classification. During surgery, bone specimens were trephined, and bone types were immediately classified using a stereomicroscope...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394909/depression-in-breast-cancer-patients-who-have-undergone-mastectomy-a-national-cohort-study
#12
Min-Su Kim, So Young Kim, Jin-Hwan Kim, Bumjung Park, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of post-operative depression in breast cancer patients who have undergone mastectomy with the incidence of post-operative depression in non-breast cancer participants (controls). METHODS: Using data from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA), we selected 2,130 patients with breast cancer who have undergone mastectomy for this national cohort study and matched these patients 1:4 with 8,520 control participants according to age, sex, income, region, and pre-operative depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392800/cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-effects-of-acephate-on-human-sperm
#13
M A Thamali Dhanushka, L Dinithi C Peiris
Extensive use of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) could alter semen quality and sperm DNA at different stages of spermatogenesis. Acephate is a highly toxic extensively used OP and, therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of acephate on human semen quality and sperm DNA integrity. Sperm collected from healthy males were exposed to 0, 50, 100, and 200 μg/mL of acephate and incubated for 1 h, 2 h, and 3 h. Subsequently, sperm motility, vitality, functional integrity of plasma membrane, sperm capacitation, and DNA damage were examined...
2017: Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391376/evolving-disparities-in-the-epidemiology-of-oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-cancers
#14
Pardis Javadi, Arun Sharma, Whitney E Zahnd, Wiley D Jenkins
Incidence rates of head and neck cancers (HNC) associated with human papillomavirus (HPVa) infection are increasing while non-HPV-associated (non-HPVa) HNC cancer rates are decreasing. As nearly all sexually active individuals will acquire an HPV infection, it is important to understand epidemiologic trends of HNCs associated with this sexually transmitted disease. We analyzed SEER 9 (1973-2012) and 18 data (2000-2012) for HPVa HNCs (oropharynx area; OP) and non-HPVa (oral cavity area; OC). Incidence rates were examined by gender, race, rurality, geographic location, and time...
April 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384595/clinical-outcomes-from-maximum-safe-resection-of-primary-and-metastatic-brain-tumors-using-awake-craniotomy
#15
Anastasia Groshev, Devang Padalia, Sephalie Patel, Rosemarie Garcia-Getting, Solmaz Sahebjam, Peter A Forsyth, Frank D Vrionis, Arnold B Etame
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze outcomes in patients undergoing awake craniotomies for tumor resection at our institution in terms of extent of resection, functional preservation and length of hospital stay. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All cases of adults undergoing awake-craniotomy from September 2012-February 2015 were retrospectively reviewed based on an IRB approved protocol. Information regarding patient age, sex, cancer type, procedure type, location, hospital stay, extent of resection, and postoperative complications was extracted...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382627/volumetric-changes-of-grafted-volumes-and-the-schneiderian-membrane-after-transcrestal-and-lateral-sinus-floor-elevation-procedures-a-clinical-pilot-study
#16
Andy Temmerman, Jeroen Vandessel, Simone Cortellini, Reinhilde Jacobs, Wim Teughels, Marc Quirynen
AIM: To investigate the influence of various surgical techniques for sinus augmentation on the volumetric changes of graft, membrane and the post-operative discomfort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients in need of bilateral sinus floor elevation (SFE) were assigned to lateral SFE, transcrestal SFE and Intralift procedures. CBCT images taken at baseline, 1week and 6 weeks were analysed for volumetric changes in graft and Schneiderian membrane. Questionnaires were used to analyse post-op discomfort...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378137/hip-external-rotation-strength-predicts-hop-performance-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Paul W Kline, Jeremy Burnham, Michael Yonz, Darren Johnson, Mary Lloyd Ireland, Brian Noehren
PURPOSE: Quadriceps strength and single-leg hop performance are commonly evaluated prior to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, few studies have documented potential hip strength deficits after ACLR, or ascertained the relative contribution of quadriceps and hip strength to hop performance. METHODS: Patients cleared for return to sports drills after ACLR were compared to a control group. Participants' peak isometric knee extension, hip abduction, hip extension, and hip external rotation (HER) strength were measured...
April 4, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376842/pattern-of-acute-organophosphorus-poisoning-at-university-of-gondar-teaching-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#18
Getnet Mequanint Adinew, Assefa Belay Asrie, Eshetie Melese Birru
BACKGROUND: Despite the apparent benefits of organophosphate compounds (OPCs) acute organophosphate (OP) pesticide poison is an increasing problem worldwide. In a country like Ethiopia, where agriculture is a major component of the economy, these compounds are readily available to the general public. There is paucity of evidence from Ethiopia showing the pattern of organophosphate poisoning (OPP) in healthcare facilities. The objective of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the pattern of acute OPP at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital in northwest Ethiopia, during September 2010 through December 2014 was conducted...
April 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373666/effects-of-four-kinds-of-electromagnetic-fields-emf-with-different-frequency-spectrum-bands-on-ovariectomized-osteoporosis-in-mice
#19
Tao Lei, Feijiang Li, Zhuowen Liang, Chi Tang, Kangning Xie, Pan Wang, Xu Dong, Shuai Shan, Juan Liu, Qiaoling Xu, Erping Luo, Guanghao Shen
Electromagnetic fields (EMF) was considered as a non-invasive modality for treatment of osteoporosis while the effects were diverse with EMF parameters in time domain. In present study, we extended analysis of EMF characteristics from time domain to frequency domain, aiming to investigate effects of four kinds of EMF (LP (1-100 Hz), BP (100-3,000 Hz), HP (3,000-50,000 Hz) and AP (1-50,000 Hz)) on ovariectomized (OVX) osteoporosis (OP) in mice. Forty-eight 3-month-old female BALB/c mice were equally assigned to Sham, OVX, OVX + LP, OVX + BP, OVX + HP and OVX + AP groups (n = 8)...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372940/clonidine-use-in-the-outpatient-management-of%C3%A2-severe-secondary-dystonia
#20
C Sayer, D E Lumsden, M Kaminska, J-P Lin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy and effective dosage of clonidine in the outpatient (OP) management of secondary dystonia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of children and young people (CAYP) prescribed clonidine in an OP clinic between January 2011 and November 2013 for dystonia management. Of 224 children receiving clonidine, 149/224 did not have a movement disorder and 12/224 had no data leaving 63 movement disorder cases, 15/63 managed as in-patients, 15/48 suffered from tics leaving 33/63 for OP evaluation...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
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