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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823143/stent-thrombosis-and-optimal-duration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-after-coronary-stenting-in-contemporary-practice
#1
Min Soo Cho, Duk-Woo Park
The introduction of drug-eluting stents (DES) in the practice of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has substantially reduced angiographic and clinical restenosis but is associated with an increasing propensity for very late stent thrombosis (ST). Among several clinical, lesion, or procedure-related predictors of ST, early discontinuation of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is the most important factor for DES-associated late thrombosis; therefore, the optimal duration of DAPT is a major issue to be critically considered in the current DES era...
August 22, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823102/the-etiology-of-primary-hyperhidrosis-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Moshe Hashmonai, Alan E P Cameron, Cliff P Connery, Noel Perin, Peter B Licht
PURPOSE: Primary hyperhidrosis is a pathological disorder of unknown etiology, affecting 0.6-5% of the population, and causing severe functional and social handicaps. As the etiology is unknown, it is not possible to treat the root cause. Recently some differences between affected and non-affected people have been reported. The aim of this review is to summarize these new etiological data. METHODS: Search of the literature was performed in the PubMed/Medline Database and pertinent articles were retrieved and reviewed...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823074/single-anastomosis-duodeno-ileal-switch-sadis-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#3
Saeed Shoar, Lauren Poliakin, Rebecca Rubenstein, Alan A Saber
BACKGROUND: Owing to the possibility of weight regain after the long-term follow-up of gastric bypass patients and because of the high morbidity of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal switch (SADIS) has emerged as a rescue procedure in bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize the literature data on SADIS. SETTING: University Hospital, NY. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed through October 2016 to identify English studies on SADIS performed in human subjects...
August 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823062/treatment-of-retinal-artery-occlusion-using-transluminal-nd-yag-laser-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Vitaly Man, Idan Hecht, Michal Talitman, Assaf Hilely, Mohamad Midlij, Zvia Burgansky-Eliash, Asaf Achiron
AIMS: To review clinical experience, efficacy, and safety of transluminal Nd:YAG laser embolectomy/embolysis (TYE) for retinal artery occlusion. METHODS:  Electronic databases were searched for all published clinical studies and case-reports reporting on TYE in central (CRAO) or branch (BRAO) retinal artery occlusion. Individual patient data was evaluated in a weighted pooled analysis. RESULTS: Sixty-one cases were reported, 47 with BRAO and 14 with CRAO...
August 19, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823022/long-term-bisphosphonate-therapy-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#5
REVIEW
A Biggin, C F Munns
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic bone disorder resulting in bone fragility. It has a heterogeneous phenotype which typically includes reduced bone mass, multiple fractures, deformity, and chronic disability. Bisphosphonate treatment remains the first-line medical management, but there is still debate on aspects of its effectiveness. This review summarizes current knowledge about long-term bisphosphonate use in OI with recommendations on clinical application...
August 19, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823010/the-reliability-of-rifampicin-resistance-as-a-proxy-for-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review-of-studies-from-iran
#6
REVIEW
M J Nasiri, S Zamani, A Pormohammad, M M Feizabadi, H R Aslani, M Amin, R Halabian, A A Imani Fooladi
In Iran, patients showing rifampicin (RIF) resistance detected by the Xpert® MTB/RIF assay are considered as candidates for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment. Despite the fact that RIF resistance has been used as a proxy for MDR-TB, little is known about the proportion of isoniazid (INH) resistance patterns in RIF-resistant TB. We systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, and other databases up to March 2017 for studies addressing the proportion of INH resistance patterns in RIF-resistant TB in Iran...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822982/evaluation-of-aortic-regurgitation-with-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
James C Lee, Kelley R Branch, Christian Hamilton-Craig, Eric V Krieger
This review summaries the utility, application and data supporting use of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to evaluate and quantitate aortic regurgitation. We systematically searched Medline and PubMed for original research articles published since 2000 that provided data on the quantitation of aortic regurgitation by CMR and identified 11 articles for review. Direct aortic measurements using phase contrast allow quantitation of volumetric flow across the aortic valve and are highly reproducible and accurate compared with echocardiography...
August 19, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822787/global-regional-and-national-deaths-prevalence-disability-adjusted-life-years-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#8
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are common diseases with a heterogeneous distribution worldwide. Here, we present methods and disease and risk estimates for COPD and asthma from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 study. The GBD study provides annual updates on estimates of deaths, prevalence, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a summary measure of fatal and non-fatal disease outcomes, for over 300 diseases and injuries, for 188 countries from 1990 to the most recent year...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822781/inpatient-versus-outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-therapy-at-home-for-acute-infections-in-children-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Penelope A Bryant, Naomi T Katz
Inpatient management is necessary in many situations, but medical and allied-health treatments are increasingly being used on an outpatient basis to allow patients who would traditionally have been admitted to hospital to remain at home. Home-based clinical management has many potential benefits, including reduced hospital-acquired infections, cost savings, and patient and family satisfaction. Studies in adults provide evidence for the benefits of home-based versus hospital-based intravenous antibiotics, but few studies inform practice in home-based intravenous antibiotic therapy for children...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822709/the-influence-of-antidepressants-on-restless-legs-syndrome-and-periodic-limb-movements-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Bhanu Prakash Kolla, Meghna P Mansukhani, J Michael Bostwick
Restless legs syndrome is commonly co-morbid with medical conditions that are treated with antidepressant medications, such as depression, anxiety, fibromyalgia, and chronic insomnia disorder. Evidence from case reports and cross-sectional studies suggests that antidepressants may induce or worsen restless legs syndrome and increase periodic limb movements. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to identify and collate all prospective studies that measured restless legs syndrome symptoms and/or periodic limb movements following the introduction of an antidepressant...
June 15, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822682/a-systematic-review-of-digital-interventions-for-improving-the-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-adolescents
#11
REVIEW
Taylor Rose, Mary Barker, Chandni Maria Jacob, Leanne Morrison, Wendy Lawrence, Sofia Strömmer, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, David Farrell, Hazel Inskip, Janis Baird
Many adolescents have poor diet and physical activity behaviors, which can lead to the development of noncommunicable diseases in later life. Digital platforms offer inexpensive means of delivering health interventions, but little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review was conducted to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of digital interventions to improve diet quality and increase physical activity in adolescents, to effective intervention components and to assess the cost-effectiveness of these interventions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822680/outcomes-of-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-in-octogenarians-meta-analysis-and-systemic-review
#12
REVIEW
Y Han, S Zhang, J Zhang, C Ji, H-H Eckstein
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis and systematic review aimed to highlight the results of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to assess safety and effectiveness in patients older than 80 years of age compared with younger patients. METHODS: PRISMA guidelines were used; quality was appraised, and data were extracted and analysed following the Cochrane collaboration. The MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched on December 31, 2016...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822664/laparoscopic-ligation-of-inferior-mesenteric-artery-for-the-treatment-of-type-ii-endoleak-after-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#13
REVIEW
Konstantinos Spanos, Nikolaos Tsilimparis, Axel Larena-Avellaneda, Athanasios D Giannoukas, Sebastian E Debus, Tilo Kölbel
OBJECTIVE: Type II endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is frequently caused by persistent flow from the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). The aim of this study was to assess the perioperative and midterm efficacy of laparoscopic ligation of the IMA for treatment of endoleak. METHODS: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane databases and key references were searched with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology for studies reporting on laparoscopic ligation of the IMA for treatment of type II endoleak after EVAR...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822657/a-systematic-review-of-muscle-morphology-and-function-in-intermittent-claudication
#14
REVIEW
Amy E Harwood, Stephanie King, Joshua Totty, George E Smith, Natalie Vanicek, Ian C Chetter
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent claudication (IC) is frequently associated with deterioration in walking capacity and physical function, and it can often result in an impairment in balance. Whereas supervised exercise is recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence as the first-line treatment, the mechanism behind walking improvement is poorly understood. The existing literature suggests that there may be some physiologic change to the skeletal muscle contributing to the functional impairment, but these data are conflicting...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822600/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-participation-in-adults-with-chronic-cervical-spine-pain-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Michael Mansfield, Michael Thacker, Nicolas Spahr, Toby Smith
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with physical activity participation in adults with chronic cervical spine pain. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted including searches of PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE and CINAHL from inception to June 12th, 2016. Grey literature and reference checking was also undertaken. Quantitative studies including factors related to physical activity participation in adults with chronic cervical spine pain were included. Two independent authors conducted the searches, extracted data and completed methodological quality assessment...
February 13, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822564/regenerative-endodontic-treatment-or-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-apical-plug-in-teeth-with-necrotic-pulps-and-open-apices-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Mahmoud Torabinejad, Ali Nosrat, Prashant Verma, Oyoyo Udochukwu
INTRODUCTION: A mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apical plug (MAP) and regenerative endodontic treatment (RET) have shown acceptable clinical outcomes. However, comparative studies are scarce. The aims of this study were to examine the level of evidence for both treatments, conduct a systematic review of the literature on MAP and RET, and run a meta-analysis on the survival and success rates of teeth treated with these procedures. METHODS: Electronic searches were performed in MEDLINE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822540/life-threatening-complications-and-mortality-of-minimally-invasive-pectus-surgery
#17
André Hebra, Robert E Kelly, Marcelo M Ferro, Mustafa Yüksel, Jose Ribas M Campos, Donald Nuss
The prevalence and type of life-threatening complications related to the minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) and bar removal are unknown and underreported. The purpose of this communication is to make surgeons aware of the risk of these life threatening complications as well as the modifications which have been developed to prevent them. METHODS: Data related to life-threatening complications of Pectus Excavatum (PE) patients was obtained from four sources: 1. A survey of Chest Wall International Group (CWIG) surgeons who specialize in repairing congenital chest wall malformations, 2...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822477/spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review
#18
Jean Théroux, Norman Stomski, Christine Dominique Losco, Christelle Khadra, Hubert Labelle, Sylvie Le May
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of clinical trials of spinal manipulative therapy for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Search strategies were developed for PubMed, CINHAL, and CENTRAL databases. Studies were included through June 2016 if they were prospective trials that evaluated spinal manipulative therapy (eg, chiropractic, osteopathic, physical therapy) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Data were extracted and assessed by 2 independent reviewers...
July 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822457/-meta-analysis-of-clinical-safety-and-efficacy-evaluation-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-who-accepted-bypass-surgery-or-endovascular-therapy
#19
S K Shen, D M Wu, C G Wang, L K Zhang, Q W Gang
Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of peripheral arterial disease patients with critical limb ischemia who accepted BSX or EVT. Methods: According to the requirements of systematic review, we searched MEDLINE (1980-2014), Emabse (1980-2014), Journals @ Ovid Full Text (1980-2014) databases, selected literature and extracted data, meta-analysis was performed through STATA11.2. Results: A total of 17 studies (3 RCTs, 14 non-randomized studies) and 5 515 patients (BSX group: 2 454, EVT group: 2 769) were deemed eligible...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822389/mammographic-screening-at-age-40-or-45-what-difference-does-it-make-the-potential-impact-of-american-cancer-society-mammography-screening-guidelines
#20
Crystal E Fancher, Anthony Scott, Ahkeel Allen, Paul Dale
this is a 10-year retrospective chart review evaluating the potential impact of the most recent American Cancer Society mammography screening guidelines which excludes female patients aged 40 to 44 years from routine annual screening mammography. Instead they recommend screening mammography starting at age 45 with the option to begin screening earlier if the patient desires. The institutional cancer registry was systematically searched to identify all women aged 40 to 44 years treated for breast cancer over a 10-year period...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
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