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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031185/diet-quality-and-depression-risk-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#1
REVIEW
Marc Molendijk, Patricio Molero, Felipe Ortuño Sánchez-Pedreño, Willem Van der Does, Miguel Angel Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: It has been claimed that the quality of a diet is associated with the incidence of depressive disorders. We sought to investigate the evidence for this claim. METHODS: Systematic searches were performed up to March 6th, 2017 in order to identify prospective cohort studies that reported on exposure to dietary patterns or food groups and the incidence of depression/depressive symptoms. Data from 24 independent cohorts (totalling 1,959,217 person-years) were pooled in random-effects meta-analyses...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031080/endovascular-therapy-for-vasospasm-secondary-to-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Zhong Yao, Xin Hu, Chao You
Endovascular therapy has been used as an alternative treatment for vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage. The effectiveness and safety of endovascular therapy are still controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify any advantage of endovascular therapy over traditional medical treatment. We systematically reviewed related English publications by searching PubMed, Ovid, Cochrane library, and Web of Science up to May 2017.The risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were synthesized with fixed effect model...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029311/use-of-colchicine-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Praveen L Indraratna, Sohaib Virk, Divya Gurram, Richard O Day
Objectives: Colchicine is an anti-inflammatory agent used in the treatment of several rheumatological conditions. The use of colchicine in pregnancy is controversial. The current study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyse the existing data in the literature regarding the safety of colchicine in pregnancy. Methods: A systematic review was carried out using six electronic databases, identifying all relevant studies where colchicine was administered to pregnant women, and where pregnancy-related outcomes were measured...
September 23, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029294/cardiovascular-events-in-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#4
Eline Houben, Erik L Penne, Alexandre E Voskuyl, Joost W van der Heijden, René H J Otten, Maarten Boers, Tiny Hoekstra
Objectives: Several chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with cardiovascular disease, but the risk in ANCA-associated vasculitis is poorly quantified. The aim of the present study was to review the evidence for an increased cardiovascular risk, including ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular accidents and peripheral arterial disease, in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis. Methods: A comprehensive systematic review was conducted in accordance with guidelines of preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
September 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029105/comparative-performance-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-in-valve-implantation-versus-conventional-surgical-redo-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-degenerated-aortic-valve-bioprostheses-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Miroslaw Gozdek, Giuseppe Maria Raffa, Piotr Suwalski, Michalina Kolodziejczak, Lech Anisimowicz, Jacek Kubica, Eliano Pio Navarese, Mariusz Kowalewski
The objective of this report was to directly compare, by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis, redo surgical aortic valve replacement (re-sAVR) with valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (ViV TAVI) for patients with failed degenerated aortic bioprostheses. Multiple databases were screened for all available reports comparing ViV TAVI with re-sAVR in patients with failing degenerated aortic bioprostheses. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality determined from the longest available survival data...
September 8, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029060/metagenomics-novel-enzymes-from-nonculturable-microbes
#6
Francesca Berini, Carmine Casciello, Giorgia Letizia Marcone, Flavia Marinelli
In the transition to the post-petroleum economy, there is a growing demand for novel enzymes with high process performances to replace traditional chemistry with a more 'green' approach. To date, microorganisms encompass the richest source of industrial biocatalysts, but the Earth-living microbiota remains largely untapped by using traditional isolation and cultivation methods. Metagenomics, which is culture-independent, represents a powerful tool for discovering novel enzymes from unculturable microorganisms...
October 4, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029012/heterogeneity-of-studies-in-anesthesiology-systematic-reviews-a-meta-epidemiological-review-and-proposal-for-evidence-mapping
#7
B Umberham, R Hedin, B Detweiler, L Kollmorgen, C Hicks, M Vassar
Heterogeneity among the primary studies included in a systematic review (SR) is one of the most challenging considerations for systematic reviewers. Current practices in anaesthesiology SRs have not been evaluated, but traditional methods may not provide sufficient information to evaluate the true nature of these differences. We address these issues by examining the practices for evaluating heterogeneity in anesthesiology reviews. Also, we propose a mapping method for presenting heterogeneous aspects of the primary studies in SRs...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028957/long-term-mortality-and-disability-in-cryptococcal-meningitis-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Estelle Pasquier, John Kunda, Pierre De Beaudrap, Angela Loyse, Elvis Temfack, Síle F Molloy, Thomas S Harrison, Olivier Lortholary
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is the primary cause of meningitis in HIV-infected adults and an emerging disease in HIV-seronegative individuals. No literature review has studied the long-term outcome of CM. We performed a systematic review on the long-term (≥3 months) impact of CM (C. neoformans and C. gattii) on mortality and disability in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected adults. Though the quality of current evidence is limited, the long-term impact of CM on survival and disability appears to be high. One-year mortality ranged from 13% in an Australian non-HIV C...
October 4, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028882/enzymatic-methods-for-genome-wide-profiling-of-protein-binding-sites
#9
Robert A Policastro, Gabriel E Zentner
Genome-wide mapping of protein-DNA interactions is a staple approach in many areas of modern molecular biology. Genome-wide profiles of protein-binding sites are most commonly generated by chromatin immunoprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq). Although ChIP-seq has played a central role in studying genome-wide protein binding, recent work has highlighted systematic biases in the technique that warrant technical and interpretive caution and underscore the need for orthogonal techniques to both confirm the results of ChIP-seq studies and uncover new insights not accessible to ChIP...
October 6, 2017: Briefings in Functional Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028865/clinical-ethics-in-the-context-of-deep-brain-stimulation-for-movement-disorders
#10
Cynthia S Kubu, Paul J Ford
Objective: Discuss common clinical ethical challenges encountered in working with patients who are candidates for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: The relevant literature is reviewed and supplemented by descriptive, ethically challenging cases stemming from decades of combined experience working on DBS teams. We outline ethical arguments and provide pragmatic recommendations to assist neuropsychologists working in movement disorder teams...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028791/is-diacerein-an-alternative-for-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis
#11
Anselmo Alegría, Sebastián Irarrázaval
INTRODUCTION: Among the possibilities for the management of osteoarthritis, different pharmacological alternatives have been proposed, being diacerein one of them due to its anti-inflammatory effect. However, diacerein clinical utility is not clear. METHODS: To answer this question, we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others...
October 12, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028764/the-prognostic-value-of-mri-in-moderate-and-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Hourmazd Haghbayan, Amélie Boutin, Mathieu Laflamme, François Lauzier, Michèle Shemilt, Lynne Moore, Ryan Zarychanski, Vincent Douville, Dean Fergusson, Alexis F Turgeon
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic brain injury is a major cause of death and disability, yet many predictors of outcome are not precise enough to guide initial clinical decision-making. Although increasingly used in the early phase following traumatic brain injury, the prognostic utility of MRI remains uncertain. We thus undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the predictive value of acute MRI lesion patterns for discriminating clinical outcome in traumatic brain injury...
October 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028742/intraoperative-esmolol-as-an-adjunct-for-perioperative-opioid-and-postoperative-pain-reduction-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#13
Amanda M Gelineau, Michael R King, Karim S Ladha, Sara M Burns, Timothy Houle, T Anthony Anderson
BACKGROUND: Esmolol is an ultrashort β-1 receptor antagonist. Recent studies suggest a role for esmolol in pain response modulation. The authors performed a meta-analysis to determine if the intraoperative use of esmolol reduces opioid consumption or pain scores. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, pubget, and Google Scholar were searched. Studies were included if they were randomized, placebo- or opioid-controlled trials written in English, and performed on patients 18 years of age or older...
October 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028681/polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-concentrations-in-human-breast-milk-specimens-worldwide
#14
Jiyan Zhang, Lu Chen, Lin Xiao, Fengxiu Ouyang, Qing-Ying Zhang, Zhong-Cheng Luo
BACKGROUND: Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a class of flame retardants of ubiquitous presence in numerous consumer products. PBDEs may impair neurodevelopment in infants. There is a lack of meta-analysis on PBDE concentrations in human breast milk worldwide. We aimed to summarize global research data on PBDE concentrations in human breast milk specimens in recent years. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review through PubMed search of original studies on PBDE concentrations in human individual breast milk specimens collected in the general population over the recent 15-year period (2000-2015) worldwide...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028651/endoscopic-conduit-harvest-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-an-ismics-systematic-review-and-consensus-conference-statements
#15
Francis D Ferdinand, John K MacDonald, Husam H Balkhy, Gianluigi Bisleri, Ho Young Hwang, Patricia Northrup, Richard H J Trimlett, Lai Wei, Bob B Kiaii
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this consensus conference was to develop and update evidence-informed consensus statements and recommendations on harvesting saphenous vein and radial artery via an open as compared with endoscopic technique by systematically reviewing and performing a meta-analysis of randomized and nonrandomized clinical trials. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials and nonrandomized controlled trials included in the first the International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery Consensus Conference and Statements, in 2005 up to November 30, 2015, were included in a systematic review and meta-analysis...
October 13, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028641/postoperative-care-after-tonsillectomy-what-s-the-evidence
#16
Patrick Carpenter, Daniel Hall, Jeremy D Meier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to evaluate the current literature regarding postoperative management after tonsillectomy in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Controversy remains regarding the ideal medication regimen to manage pain after tonsillectomy. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen are routinely used, although concerns of more severe postoperative hemorrhage with ibuprofen remain. Narcotics are prescribed commonly, but with extreme caution in children with severe obstructive sleep apnea...
October 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028610/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-dropout-rates-in-individual-psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Elon Gersh, David J Hallford, Simon M Rice, Nikolaos Kazantzis, Hannah Gersh, Benji Gersh, Carolyn A McCarty
BACKGROUND: Despite being a relatively prevalent and debilitating disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is the second least studied anxiety disorder and among the most difficult to treat. Dropout from psychotherapy is concerning as it is associated with poorer outcomes, leads to service inefficiencies and can disproportionately affect disadvantaged populations. No study to date has calculated a weighted mean dropout rate for GAD and explored associated correlates. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PsycINFO, Medline and Embase databases, identifying studies investigating individual psychotherapies for adults with GAD...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028445/return-to-sport-specific-performance-after-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#18
Nicholas G Mohtadi, Denise S Chan
BACKGROUND: Physicians counseling athletes on the prognosis of sport-specific performance outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) depend on the published literature. However, critical appraisal of the validity and biases in these studies is required to understand how ACLR affects an athlete's ability to return to sport, the athlete's sport-specific performance, and his or her ability to achieve preinjury levels of performance. PURPOSE: This review identifies the published prognostic studies evaluating sport-specific performance outcomes after ACLR...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028436/pain-management-after-hip-arthroscopy-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-cohort-studies
#19
Jason J Shin, Chris L McCrum, Craig S Mauro, Dharmesh Vyas
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is often associated with significant postoperative pain and opioid-associated side effects. Effective pain management after hip arthroscopy improves patient recovery and satisfaction and decreases opioid-related complications. PURPOSE: To collect, examine, and provide a comprehensive review of the available evidence from randomized controlled trials and comparative studies on pain control after hip arthroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028376/interprofessional-pulmocheck-care-pathway-an-innovative-approach-to-managing-pediatric-asthma-care-in-the-netherlands
#20
J M J E Meuwissen, J Heynens, T Dauven, L Crasborn, F W J M Smeenk, T van der Weijden, J W M Muris
OBJECTIVES: Under-diagnosis and suboptimal asthma control in children persists. An innovative care pathway was developed by a hospital department of pediatrics with the aim to detect pulmonary problems in children and provide appropriate treatment possibilities through systematic feedback towards the referring primary care physician. Primary care physicians can use this pathway to refer children with asthma-like symptoms for a one-day assessment. Goals are to measure the usage of the pathway by primary care general practitioners (GPs), the outcomes in terms of new diagnoses of asthma, the reduction in regular referrals, generated recommendations/therapy and the adequacy of asthma follow-up...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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