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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551933/-recommendations-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-acute-gastroenteritis-in-israel-update-2017
#1
Firas Rinawi, Shai Ashkenazi, Michael Wilschanski, Eli Somekh, Raanan Shamir
AIMS: The aim of these guidelines is to update and extend evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in Israel, based on new data and the recently published European update. METHODS: The recommendations, which are based on a systematic review of the literature, were graded by the level of evidence. The guidelines were endorsed by the Israeli societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Pediatric Infectious Diseases and the Israeli Association of Pediatrics...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551858/cost-effectiveness-of-drug-treatments-for-advanced-melanoma-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Darío Rubio-Rodríguez, Silvia De Diego Blanco, Maite Pérez, Carlos Rubio-Terrés
BACKGROUND: Until recently, advanced melanoma (unresectable and metastatic) has had a poor prognosis and has been treated with chemotherapy. The introduction of new treatments (BRAF and MEK inhibitors and immunotherapy) has improved overall survival and progression-free survival of some patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the published evidence on the cost-effectiveness of pharmacological treatments for advanced melanoma. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted, without date or language restrictions, in PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence databases and the Health Technology Assessment journal...
May 27, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551836/does-exercise-training-augment-improvements-in-quality-of-life-induced-by-energy-restriction-for-obese-populations-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Daniel J van den Hoek, Clint T Miller, Steve F Fraser, Steve E Selig, John B Dixon
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is associated with a decline in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), while weight loss and exercise training have a positive influence. The aim of this systematic review was to compare the effects of energy restriction (ER) alone intervention to diet and exercise intervention on HRQOL. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases were searched for randomised controlled trials examining HRQOL through lifestyle interventions which examined ER and energy restriction plus exercise in obese adults...
May 27, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551823/indirect-comparisons-of-the-efficacy-of-biological-agents-in-patients-with-active-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Patompong Ungprasert, Patricia J Erwin, Matthew J Koster
Patients with ankylosing (AS) often do not have a satisfactory response to, or could not tolerate, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Several biologic agents are available for such patients. However, the comparative efficacy of these treatments remains unknown as head-to-head randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are not available. RCTs examining the efficacy of biologic agents in patients with AS who had inadequate response to, or could not tolerate, NSAIDs were identified. If at least two RCTs were available for a given biologic agent, the pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of achieving 20% improvement according to the Ankylosing Spondylitis Assessment Study group response criteria 20 (ASAS20) across trials were calculated...
May 28, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551751/modelling-autistic-features-in-mice-using-quantitative-genetic-approaches
#5
Remco T Molenhuis, Hilgo Bruining, Martien J Kas
Animal studies provide a unique opportunity to study the consequences of genetic variants at the behavioural level. Human studies have identified hundreds of risk genes for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that can lead to understanding on how genetic variation contributes to individual differences in social interaction and stereotyped behaviour in people with ASD. To develop rational therapeutic interventions, systematic animal model studies are needed to understand the relationships between genetic variation, pathogenic processes and the expression of autistic behaviours...
2017: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551750/modelling-autistic-neurons-with-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#6
Annie Kathuria, Carlo Sala, Chiara Verpelli, Jack Price
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects more than 1% of children per current estimates. It has been characterised by the following two core behavioural phenotypes: (1) deficits in social interaction and communication and (2) repetitive behaviours, restricted interests and activities. Due to the complex nature of ASD, there are currently no effective treatments. The reason behind this is the clinical and genetic heterogeneity between affected individuals on the one hand and the lack of understanding of the underpinning pathophysiological mechanisms on the other hand...
2017: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551729/use-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-regenerative-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Richard J Miron, Giovanni Zucchelli, Michael A Pikos, Maurice Salama, Samuel Lee, Vincent Guillemette, Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Mark Bishara, Yufeng Zhang, Hom-Lay Wang, Fatiha Chandad, Cleopatra Nacopoulos, Alain Simonpieri, Alexandre Amir Aalam, Pietro Felice, Gilberto Sammartino, Shahram Ghanaati, Maria A Hernandez, Joseph Choukroun
OBJECTIVES: Research across many fields of medicine now points towards the clinical advantages of combining regenerative procedures with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). This systematic review aimed to gather the extensive number of articles published to date on PRF in the dental field to better understand the clinical procedures where PRF may be utilized to enhance tissue/bone formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Manuscripts were searched systematically until May 2016 and separated into the following categories: intrabony and furcation defect regeneration, extraction socket management, sinus lifting procedures, gingival recession treatment, and guided bone regeneration (GBR) including horizontal/vertical bone augmentation procedures...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551712/extracardiac-imaging-of-infective-endocarditis
#8
REVIEW
Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review analyzes recent studies evaluating the diagnostic and therapeutic impacts of systematic extracardiac imaging techniques in patients with suspected or proven infective endocarditis. RECENT FINDINGS: Extracardiac imaging techniques are more and more frequently used to establish infective endocarditis (IE) diagnosis in doubtful situations. They also help in evaluating the risk-benefit balance of therapeutic strategies and particularly valvular surgery which is performed in approximately 50% of patients...
July 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551616/measuring-intragastric-tumor-markers-in-gastric-cancer-patients-a-systematic-literature-review-on-significance-and-reliability
#9
REVIEW
Edoardo Virgilio, Antonella Proietti, Rosaria D'Urso, Patrizia Cardelli, Enrico Giarnieri, Monica Montagnini, Maria Rosaria Giovagnoli, Paolo Mercantini, Genoveffa Balducci, Marco Cavallini
As of 2017, no serum tumor marker has shown high levels of sensitivity or specificity for early detection, classification, staging, prediction and prognosis of patients affected by gastric cancer. In this regard, since 1975 several authors have investigated the gastric juice or gastric lavage of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma in order to determine the concentrations of intragastric tumor markers and discover the perfect antigen for this cancer. To date, however, a systematic review of the literature on intragastric tumor markers is still unreported...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551615/targeted-therapy-in-ovarian-cancer-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-literature
#10
REVIEW
Yasser Diab, Mustafa Zelal Muallem
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to identify the most effectual groups of targeted therapies for ovarian cancer in recent clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review has been gathered on an inventive study design that comprises of five steps. This involves search for pertinent publications from 2010 to date in various accessible medical data bases, usage of inclusion and exclusion, appraisal of quality of the studies included, abstraction of the relevant data and intelligible amalgamation of the data abridged in an evocative and narrative style...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551485/spontaneous-submental-hematoma-a-pseudo-ludwig-s-phenomenon-in-101-year-old-patient-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Uthman Alamoudi, Yasser Alsallumi, Matthew H Rigby, S Mark Taylor, Jonathan R B Trites, Robert D Hart
OBJECTIVE: Submental hematoma or pseudo-Ludwig's phenomenon, is a rare entity seen in anticoagulated patients and can precipitate upper airway obstruction. Our objective is to present a rare case of spontaneous submental hematoma due to poorly controlled hypertension in elderly patient and to perform a literature review. CASE REPORT: 101-year-old female presented to emergency room with sudden painful swelling in the floor of mouth and slurred speech. Not on anticoagulation and no history of trauma or known allergies...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551473/heart-failure-with-myocardial-recovery-the-patient-whose-heart-failure-has-improved-what-next
#12
REVIEW
Petra Nijst, Pieter Martens, Wilfried Mullens
In an important number of heart failure (HF) patients substantial or complete myocardial recovery occurs. In the strictest sense, myocardial recovery is a return to both normal structure and function of the heart. HF patients with myocardial recovery or recovered ejection fraction (EF; HFrecEF) are a distinct population of HF patients with different underlying etiologies, demographics, comorbidities, response to therapies and outcomes compared to HF patients with persistent reduced (HFrEF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
May 24, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551460/barriers-and-facilitators-to-disclosing-sexual-abuse-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Charlotte Lemaigre, Emily P Taylor, Claire Gittoes
Children and young people often choose not to disclose sexual abuse, thus preventing access to help and allowing perpetrators to continue undetected. A nuanced understanding of the barriers (and facilitators) to disclosure is therefore of great relevance to practitioners and researchers. The literature was systematically searched for studies related to child and adolescent disclosures of sexual abuse. Thirteen studies were reviewed and assessed for methodological quality. Results of the review illustrate the heterogeneous nature of these empirical studies...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551458/maternal-substance-use-and-child-protection-a-rapid-evidence-assessment-of-factors-associated-with-loss-of-child-care
#14
REVIEW
Martha Canfield, Polly Radcliffe, Sally Marlow, Marggie Boreham, Gail Gilchrist
This article reviews the literature on the factors associated with mothers who use substances losing care of their children. A rapid evidence assessment was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses. Medline and PsycINFO databases were searched to identify primary research studies published in English during January 2000-September 2016. Studies were included if they presented individual, formal support (e.g., receiving substance use treatment) or informal support (e...
May 25, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551401/imaging-workup-of-suspected-classical-paraneoplastic-neurological-syndromes-a-systematic-review-and-retrospective-analysis-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct
#15
Benedikt Sundermann, Jens-Burchard Schröder, Tobias Warnecke, Walter Heindel, Michael Schäfers, Matthias Weckesser, Boris Buerke
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the clinical efficacy of positron emission tomography (PET) or combined PET-computed tomography (CT) with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) for whole-body cancer screening in patients with suspected paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS). The following main research questions were addressed: What is the percentage of positive findings to be expected in whole-body FDG-PET-CT in adult patients with PNS? How many false positives can be expected as assessed by clinical and histopathological workup? Are there patients who present with a tumor despite initially negative findings? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a systematic review of the literature and retrospective analysis of FDG-PET-CT and clinical follow-up data from 45 consecutive patients (age: 56...
May 24, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551068/therapeutic-targets-in-the-management-of-striae-distensae-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Adam Hague, Ardeshir Bayat
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae are permanent dermal lesions that can cause significant psychosocial distress. A detailed understanding of the numerous treatment modalities available is essential to ensuring optimal patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate and summarize the different treatment methods for striae distensae by linking their proposed modes of action with the histopathogenesis of the condition to guide patient treatment. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed with no limits placed on publication date...
May 24, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550996/web-based-health-interventions-for-family-caregivers-of-elderly-individuals-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Marina B Wasilewski, Jennifer N Stinson, Jill I Cameron
BACKGROUND: For the growing proportion of elders globally, aging-related illnesses are primary causes of morbidity causing reliance on family members for support in the community. Family caregivers experience poorer physical and mental health than their non-caregiving counterparts. Web-based interventions can provide accessible support to family caregivers to offset declines in their health and well-being. Existing reviews focused on web-based interventions for caregivers have been limited to single illness populations and have mostly focused on the efficacy of the interventions...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550904/analgesic-effect-of-intraperitoneal-local-anesthetic-in-surgery-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#18
James K Hamill, Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal local anesthetic (IPLA) reduces postoperative pain as shown by previous systematic reviews. The purpose of this review was to compare the efficacy of IPLA between different types of procedure and to formulate GRADE recommendations for the use of IPLA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search for systematic reviews of the effect of IPLA, versus no IPLA or placebo, on pain after any surgical procedure. Databases included in the study were MEDLINE, EMBASE, CDSR, and DARE...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550824/-analysis-of-the-cochrane-review-topical-treatments-for-scalp-psoriasis-cochrane-database-syst-rev-2016-2-cd009687
#19
Catarina Soares Queirós, Gonçalo Silva Duarte, João Costa, António Vaz-Carneiro
Regardless the psoriasis subtype, up to 79% of people with this skin condition present scalp involvement, which is often the first site to show symptoms of the disease. In addition to being itchy, the red and scaly lesions are usually easy to see, and may be embarrassing. Topical therapy is usually the first line of treatment; however the wide array of available interventions can make the choice difficult, and may even lead to an inadequate treatment. The objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical treatments for scalp psoriasis...
March 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550770/laparoscopic-versus-open-radical-nephrectomy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Gang Liu, Yulei Ma, Shouhua Wang, Xiancheng Han, Dianjun Gao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to summarize and quantify the current evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) compared with open radical nephrectomy (ORN) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a meta-analysis. METHODS: Data were collected by searching Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and ScienceDirect for reports published up to September 26, 2016. Studies that reported data on comparisons of therapeutic efficacy of LRN and ORN were included...
May 24, 2017: Translational Oncology
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