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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655176/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-nudging-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-choice
#1
Valérie J V Broers, Céline De Breucker, Stephan Van den Broucke, Olivier Luminet
Background: Nudging refers to interventions that organize the choice architecture in order to alter people's behaviour in a predictable way without forbidding any options or significantly changing their economic incentives. As a strategy to encourage healthy behaviour, nudging can serve as a complement to health education. However, the empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of nudging as a way to influence food choice remains contradictory. To address this issue, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to test the effects of nudging to encourage people to select more fruit and vegetables...
June 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655142/systematic-reviews-guidance-relevant-for-studies-of-older-people
#2
Susan D Shenkin, Jennifer K Harrison, Tim Wilkinson, Richard M Dodds, John P A Ioannidis
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are increasingly common. This article aims to provide guidance for people conducting systematic reviews relevant to the healthcare of older people. An awareness of these issues will also help people reading systematic reviews to determine whether the results will influence their clinical practice. It is essential that systematic reviews are performed by a team which includes the required technical and clinical expertise. Those performing reviews for the first time should ensure they have appropriate training and support...
June 24, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655117/the-overall-5-year-survival-rate-of-breast-cancer-among-iranian-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-published-studies
#3
Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Maryam Jalali, Ahmad Maghsoudi, Ali Mohammad Mokhtari, Soheil Hassanipour Azgomi, Seyedeh Leila Dehghani
INTRODUCTION: Breast Cancer (BC) is the most prevalent cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death among Iranian women. A valid estimation of the 5-year survival rate can improve the current BC treatment programs. The present study aimed to assess the 5-year survival rate through a systematic review of published studies. METHODS: A systematic search of Medline/PubMed, Scopus, and Science direct as well as Iranian databases was conducted to identify the original articles evaluating the 5-year survival rate of BC among women in Iran...
June 23, 2017: Breast Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655027/zolpidem-for-the-treatment-of-neurologic-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
Martin N Bomalaski, Edward S Claflin, Whitney Townsend, Mark D Peterson
Importance: Given its selective action on the ω1 subtype of the γ-aminobutyric acid A receptor, zolpidem tartrate presents a potential treatment mechanism for other neurologic disorders. Objective: To synthesize studies that used zolpidem to treat neurologic disorders. Evidence Review: Eligibility criteria included any published English-language article that examined the use of zolpidem for noninsomnia neurologic disorders in humans for all dates up to March 20, 2015...
June 26, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654986/association-between-initial-use-of-e-cigarettes-and-subsequent-cigarette-smoking-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Samir Soneji, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Thomas A Wills, Adam M Leventhal, Jennifer B Unger, Laura A Gibson, JaeWon Yang, Brian A Primack, Judy A Andrews, Richard A Miech, Tory R Spindle, Danielle M Dick, Thomas Eissenberg, Robert C Hornik, Rui Dang, James D Sargent
Importance: The public health implications of e-cigarettes depend, in part, on whether e-cigarette use affects the risk of cigarette smoking. Objective: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies that assessed initial use of e-cigarettes and subsequent cigarette smoking. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, the 2016 Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco 22nd Annual Meeting abstracts, the 2016 Society of Behavioral Medicine 37th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions abstracts, and the 2016 National Institutes of Health Tobacco Regulatory Science Program Conference were searched between February 7 and February 17, 2017...
June 26, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654845/alcohol-related-cognitions-in-children-aged-2-10-and-how-they-are-shaped-by-parental-alcohol-use-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Carmen Voogt, Miriam Beusink, Marloes Kleinjan, Roy Otten, Rutger Engels, Koen Smit, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to summarize the evidence of the impact of parental alcohol use on the acquisition of children's alcohol-related cognitions (alcohol-related knowledge, alcohol-related norms, alcohol expectancies) in the developmental period from age two to ten. METHODS: A computer-assisted systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, PsychINFO, ERIC, and EMBASE. Overall, 20 out of the 3406 unique articles identified in the first screening were included...
June 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654814/an-overview-of-the-outcomes-and-impact-of-specialist-and-advanced-nursing-and-midwifery-practice-on-quality-of-care-cost-and-access-to-services-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Mary Casey, Laserina O'Connor, Andrew Cashin, Rita Smith, Denise O'Brien, Emma Nicholson, Denise O'Leary, Gerard Fealy, Martin McNamara, Mary Ellen Glasgow, Diarmuid Stokes, Claire Egan
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the results of a systematic rapid review and narrative synthesis of the literature of the outcomes and impact of specialist and advanced nursing and midwifery practice regarding quality of care, cost and access to services. DESIGN: A rapid review was undertaken of the relevant national and international literature, regulatory and policy documents relating to the establishment and definition of nurses' and midwives' specialist and advanced practice roles...
June 17, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654785/global-incidence-of-oral-and-oropharynx-cancer-in-patients-younger-than-45-years-versus-older-patients-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Aisha A Hussein, Marco N Helder, Jan G de Visscher, C René Leemans, Boudewijn J Braakhuis, Henrica C W de Vet, Tymour Forouzanfar
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is typically regarded as a disease of elderly people. However, increasing numbers of patients worldwide with HNSCC at younger age (defined as <45 years old) have been reported in recent years. To assess geographical variations and trends worldwide in incidence of oral and oropharyngeal cancer in young patients, a systematic review was conducted in PubMed and Google scholar databases from 1975 to June 2016. Seventy-eight studies were selected for further study...
June 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654768/a-systematic-review-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-content-in-nursing-curricula
#9
Joyce Cappiello, Leah Coplon, Holly Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether and to what extent pre-licensure nursing programs include sexual and reproductive health (SRH) content in their curricula. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases, including CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and CAB Direct were searched for relevant literature. We also reviewed the reference lists of all studies, nursing organization Web sites, and the personal files of the authors. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria were studies focused on SRH content in pre-licensure nursing education, written in English, and published between January 1990 and November 2016...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654627/effect-of-programmed-exercise-on-insulin-sensitivity-in-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Juan Bueno-Notivol, Julia Calvo-Latorre, Vanesa Alonso-Ventura, Vinay Pasupuleti, Adrian V Hernandez, Faustino R Pérez-López
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of programmed exercise for at least 12 weeks, in postmenopausal women on insulin sensitivity-related outcomes (ISROs), including fasting insulin, C-peptide, insulin growth factor (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP-3), Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and anthropometric variables. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PubMed-Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library from inception through May 3, 2016, for studies published in all languages...
June 26, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654579/detection-of-high-risk-histologic-features-and-tumor-upstaging-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancers-on-debulk-analysis-a-quantitative-systematic-review
#11
Babu Singh, Adriana Dorelles, Nellie Konnikov, Bichchau M Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Histologic analysis of tumor debulks from Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) or wide local excision may lead to the detection of adverse features missed on initial biopsy. OBJECTIVE: Determine the incidence of (1) high-risk features on debulk analysis compared with initial biopsy and (2) upstaging of tumors on debulk analysis according to the American Joint Committee of Cancer-7th Edition (AJCC-7) and the Brigham and Women's Alternative (BWH) staging criteria...
June 23, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654540/chest-wall-resection-for-recurrent-breast-cancer-in-the-modern-era-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Elliot Wakeam, Sergio A Acuna, Shaf Keshavjee
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on chest wall resection for recurrent breast cancer and evaluate overall survival (OS) and quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes. BACKGROUND: Full-thickness chest wall resection for recurrent breast cancer is controversial, as historically these recurrences have been thought as a harbinger of systemic disease. METHODS: A systematic search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL identified 48 eligible studies, all retrospective, accounting for 1305 patients...
June 26, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654478/research-design-options-for-intervention-studies
#13
Michele A Lobo, Sarah H Kagan, John D Corrigan
PURPOSE: To review research designs for rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Single-case, observational, and qualitative designs are highlighted in terms of recent advances and ability to answer important scientific questions about rehabilitation. STATEMENT OF CONCLUSIONS: Single-case, observational, and qualitative designs can be conducted in a systematic and rigorous manner that provides important information that cannot be acquired using more common designs, such as randomized controlled trials...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654323/metabolite-measurement-pitfalls-to-avoid-and-practices-to-follow
#14
Wenyun Lu, Xiaoyang Su, Matthias S Klein, Ian A Lewis, Oliver Fiehn, Joshua D Rabinowitz
Metabolites are the small biological molecules involved in energy conversion and biosynthesis. Studying metabolism is inherently challenging due to metabolites' reactivity, structural diversity, and broad concentration range. Herein, we review the common pitfalls encountered in metabolomics and provide concrete guidelines for obtaining accurate metabolite measurements, focusing on water-soluble primary metabolites. We show how seemingly straightforward sample preparation methods can introduce systematic errors (e...
June 20, 2017: Annual Review of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654308/does-parenteral-nutrition-increase-the-risk-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Nicole Clare Gavin, Elise Button, Samantha Keogh, David McMillan, Claire Rickard
BACKGROUND: Central venous access devices (CVADs) are used for parenteral nutrition (PN) delivery. We systematically reviewed research-based publications that reported comparative rates of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in patients with CVADs who received PN vs those who did not receive PN therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature search included the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PubMed up to July 14, 2015, to identity studies that compared patients with a CVAD who did and did not have PN therapy...
June 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654201/long-acting-beta2-agonists-versus-long-acting-muscarinic-antagonists-in-patients-with-stable-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Wang-Chun Chen, Chi-Hsien Huang, Chau-Chyun Sheu, Inn-Wen Chong, Kuo-An Chu, Yung-Che Chen, Jong-Rung Tsai, Cheng-Hung Lee, Yu-Feng Wei
Several long-acting bronchodilators have been developed and are widely used as first-line treatment in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the initial choice of therapy is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical efficacy and safety of long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) and long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA) in patients with stable COPD. We searched several databases and manufacturers' websites to identify relevant randomized clinical trials for meta-analysis...
June 27, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654197/allergic-risks-of-consuming-edible-insects-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
José Carlos Ribeiro, Luís Miguel Cunha, Bernardo Sousa-Pinto, João Fonseca
The expected future demand for food and animal-derived protein will require environment-friendly novel food sources with high nutritional value. Insects may be one of such novel food sources. However, there needs to be an assessment of the risks associated with their consumption, including allergic risks. Therefore, we performed a systematic review aiming to analyse current data available regarding the allergic risks of consuming insects. We reviewed all reported cases of food allergy to insects, and studied the possibility of cross-reactivity and co-sensitisation between edible insects, crustaceans and house dust mites...
June 27, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654193/serotonin-transporter-gene-polymorphisms-and-ssri-tolerability-review-of-pharmacogenetic-evidence
#18
Jing Zhu, Michele Klein-Fedyshin, James M Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are first-line pharmacotherapy for mood and anxiety disorders. The common mechanism of drugs in this class is antagonism of the serotonin transporter. Within the serotonin transporter gene SLC6A4, two polymorphic sites termed 5-HTTLPR and STin2 are proposed to have functional consequences and thus have been attractive candidates for pharmacogenetic studies of SSRI efficacy and tolerability studies. OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes approximately 15 years of study of these polymorphisms as they relate to SSRI tolerability phenotypes...
June 27, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654173/rocuronium-vs-succinylcholine-for-rapid-sequence-intubation-a%C3%A2-cochrane-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
D T T Tran, E K Newton, V A H Mount, J S Lee, C Mansour, G A Wells, J J Perry
This systemic review was performed to determine whether rocuronium creates intubating conditions comparable to those of succinylcholine during rapid sequence intubation of the trachea. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2015, Issue 2), MEDLINE (1966 to February Week 2 2015), and EMBASE (1988 to February 14 2015) for any randomised controlled trials or controlled clinical trials that reported intubating conditions comparing rocuronium and succinylcholine for rapid or modified rapid sequence intubation...
June 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654159/acute-alcohol-exposure-and-risk-of-mortality-of-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Qiuping Ding, Zhuo Wang, Meifen Shen, Zhongzhou Su, Liang Shen
After traumatic brain injury (TBI), patients usually live with significant disability and socioeconomic burdens. Acute exposure to alcohol is considered a major risk factor for TBI. Numerous studies have examined whether alcohol exposure is related to the risk of mortality in patients with TBI, yet the results remain inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to assess whether acute alcohol exposure affects the mortality rate of TBI patients. We searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to November 2015 for relevant studies...
June 27, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
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