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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906794/development-of-a-hybrid-course-on-wheelchair-service-provision-for-clinicians-in-international-contexts
#1
Yohali Burrola-Mendez, Mary Goldberg, Rachel Gartz, Jon Pearlman
INTRODUCTION: Wheelchair users worldwide are at high risk of developing secondary health conditions and premature death due to inappropriate wheelchair provision by untrained providers. The International Society of Wheelchair Professionals (ISWP) has developed a Hybrid Course based on the World Health Organization's Wheelchair Service Training Package-Basic Level. The Hybrid Course leverages online modules designed for low-bandwidth internet access that reduces the in-person training exposure from five to three and a half days, making it less expensive and more convenient for both trainees and trainers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906710/a-meta-analysis-of-cytokine-concentrations-in-eating-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Bethan Dalton, Savani Bartholdy, Lauren Robinson, Marco Solmi, Mohammad A A Ibrahim, Gerome Breen, Ulrike Schmidt, Hubertus Himmerich
Cytokines are signalling molecules, which play an important role in both immune system function and brain development and function, and subsequently mental states and behaviour. Cytokines have been implicated in eating disorders (EDs) due to their role in psychological health, body weight and appetite regulation. This meta-analysis examined cross-sectional and longitudinal studies measuring concentrations of cytokines in individuals with EDs. Using PRISMA guidelines, we systematically reviewed relevant articles in PubMed, Web of Science, and MEDLINE...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906707/comorbid-depression-and-associated-factors-in-pnes-versus-epilepsy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Sean Walsh, Liat Levita, Markus Reuber
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to contrast levels, manifestations and associations of depression in patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) and those with epilepsy. METHODS: ScienceDirect and Web of Science were searched for primary research reports describing quantitative studies involving separate epilepsy and PNES samples (age 16+) and using a validated measure of depression. RESULTS: While 34 studies were identified, most were of low quality and had small sample sizes...
May 24, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906699/causes-of-mortality-in-early-infantile-epileptic-encephalopathy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Graciane Radaelli, Francisco de Souza Santos, Wyllians Vendramini Borelli, Leonardo Pisani, Magda Lahorgue Nunes, Fulvio Alexandre Scorza, Jaderson Costa da Costa
INTRODUCTION: Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy syndrome (EIEE), also known as Ohtahara syndrome, is an age-dependent epileptic encephalopathy syndrome defined by clinical features and electroencephalographic findings. Epileptic disorders with refractory seizures beginning in the neonatal period and/or early infancy have a potential risk of premature mortality, including sudden death. We aimed to identify the causes of death in EIEE and conducted a literature survey of fatal outcomes...
June 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906697/epilepsy-misconceptions-and-stigma-reduction-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Mark Kaddumukasa, Martin N Kaddumukasa, William Buwembo, Ian G Munabi, Carol Blixen, Samden Lhatoo, Nelson Sewankambo, Elly Katabira, Martha Sajatovic
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review identified papers that described epilepsy misconceptions or stigma in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and research interventions focused on reducing these misconceptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Publications in the English language from January 2000 to October 2017 that described original research conducted in SSA on misconceptions about epilepsy were utilized. RESULTS: Twenty-three publications were identified. Studies were from Nigeria (N = 4), Cameroon (N = 4), Uganda (N = 3), Zambia (N = 2), Ethiopia (N = 2), Tanzania (N = 2), Kenya (N = 2), Ghana, Zimbabwe, Benin, and Mali (N = 1 each)...
June 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906626/a-systematic-review-on-the-use-of-time-series-data-in-the-study-of-antimicrobial-consumption-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-resistance
#6
REVIEW
Christos I Athanasiou, Angeliki Kopsini
INTRODUCTION: In the field of antimicrobial resistance, the number of studies that use time series data has increased recently. The purpose of this study is the systematic review of all studies on antibacterial consumption and on Pseudomonas aeruginosa resistance in healthcare settings, that have used time series data. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature till June 2017 was conducted. All the studies that have used time series data and have examined the inhospital antibiotic consumption and Ps...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906616/anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-people-with-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Michael F Knox, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun, Rick J Romero, Paul W M Marshall
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Despite altered anticipatory (APAs) and compensatory postural adjustments (CPAs) being hypothesized to contribute to the onset and persistence of low back pain (LBP), results from studies comparing people with and without LBP are conflicting. PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to determine whether anticipatory (APAs) or compensatory postural adjustments (CPAs) are altered in the presence of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP). STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of studies was carried out...
June 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906531/association-between-matrix-metalloproteinase-family-gene-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-29-studies
#8
REVIEW
Shubham Misra, Pumanshi Talwar, Amit Kumar, Pradeep Kumar, Ram Sagar, Deepti Vibha, Awadh K Pandit, Arti Gulati, Suman Kushwaha, Kameshwar Prasad
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is a complex and devastating vascular disease that has become one of the leading causes of disability and mortality worldwide. Several studies have shown the association between matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family gene polymorphisms and IS. However, the results have been indecisive. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between Matrix Metalloproteinase gene polymorphisms and risk of IS. METHODS: A literature search for eligible candidate gene studies published before, 28 June 2017, was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases...
June 12, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906469/the-potential-risk-of-toxoplasmosis-for-traffic-accidents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Shaban Gohardehi, Mehdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini, Afsaneh Amouei, Abdolsattar Pagheh, Mitra Sadeghi, Ahmad Daryani
Toxoplasmosis is a prevalent infectious disease. Although most people infected by Toxoplasma gondii are asymptomatic, evidence has suggested that this disease might affect some aspects of a host's behavior and associate with schizophrenia, suicide attempt, changes in various aspects of personality, and poor neurocognitive performance. These associations may play roles in increasing the risk of a number of incidents, such as traffic accidents, among infected people. In this regard, this study aimed to provide summary estimates for the available data on the potential risk of toxoplasmosis for traffic accidents...
June 12, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906381/points-pearls-management-of-multiply-injured-pediatric-trauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Andria Tatem, Rupa Kapoor, Bryan Wilson
Management of the child with multiple traumatic injuries can be challenging, and important injuries may not be readily recognized. Early recognition of serious injuries, initiation of appropriate diagnostic studies, and rapid stabilization of injuries are key to decreasing morbidity and mortality in the multiply injured pediatric trauma patient. The differential diagnosis for these patients is wide, and treatment is targeted to the specific injuries. In this issue, a systematic approach to the multiply injured pediatric patient will be reviewed, with specific attention to commonly missed injuries and those injuries that may cause significant morbidity or mortality...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906277/can-ultrasound-measures-of-intrinsic-foot-muscles-and-plantar-soft-tissues-predict-future-diabetes-related-foot-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
Troy Morrison, Sara Jones, Ryan S Causby, Kerry Thoirs
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with hyperglycaemia and advanced glycosylation end-products. In the foot, the consequences of chronic or uncontrolled diabetes are micro and macrovascular disease, neuropathy, reduced joint mobility and structural and soft tissue changes that increase the risk of ulcer development and amputation. Diabetes foot assessment currently includes a comprehensive history, neurological and vascular assessments and examination focussed on dermatological and musculoskeletal abnormalities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906191/rotator-cuff-matrix-augmentation-and-interposition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
James R Bailey, Christopher Kim, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Donald T Kirkendall, Leila Ledbetter, Dean C Taylor, Alison P Toth, Grant E Garrigues
BACKGROUND: Surgical management of rotator cuff tears is controversial and complex, ranging from nonoperative management to reverse shoulder arthroplasty. PURPOSE: To systematically review and evaluate the outcomes of graft augmentation or interposition versus rotator cuff repair (RCR) alone and evaluate via meta-analysis whether the use of a graft leads to superior outcomes versus RCR alone. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905899/efficacy-and-safety-of-aripiprazole-for-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#13
REVIEW
Esther Letícia Amorim Ribeiro, Tácio de Mendonça Lima, Marcio Eduardo Bergamini Vieira, Sílvia Storpirtis, Patricia Melo Aguiar
PURPOSE: To conduct an overview to summarize the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole for the treatment of schizophrenia. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, LILACS, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, for articles published until March 31, 2017. We included systematic reviews with meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy, and/or the safety of aripiprazole, for patients with schizophrenia...
June 15, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905856/effective-factors-in-implementation-and-development-of-health-promoting-hospitals-a-systematic-review
#14
Maryam Yaghoubi, Mazyar Karamali, Mohammadkarim Bahadori
One of the requirements for the implementation of Health Promoting Hospitals (HPHs) is comprehensive integration of health promotion (HP) activities and programs in hospital quality management system. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted utilizing a comprehensive European Foundation for Quality Managment (EFQM) model to determine appropriate criteria for the implementation and development of HPH. This systematic review considered the published literature on factors affecting the implementation and development of HPH during 1997-2016...
June 13, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905785/healthcare-services-for-syrian-refugees-in-jordan-a-systematic-review
#15
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905641/surgical-treatment-of-diplopia-in-graves-orbitopathy-patients
#16
Anja Eckstein, Joachim Esser, Michael Oeverhaus, Peerooz Saeed, Hinke Marijke Jellema
PURPOSE: To review the authors' current understanding of motility dysfunction in patients with thyroid eye disease and to summarize appropriate evaluation and available management options. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a systematic search of the literature. RESULTS: Diplopia is one of the most disabling symptoms for Graves orbitopathy patients. It occurs in moderate-to-severe Graves orbitopathy stages and does not respond well to available anti-inflammatory treatment...
June 13, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905515/diagnosis-of-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-an-official-american-thoracic-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#17
Adam J Shapiro, Stephanie D Davis, Deepika Polineni, Michele Manion, Margaret Rosenfeld, Sharon D Dell, Mark A Chilvers, Thomas W Ferkol, Maimoona A Zariwala, Scott D Sagel, Maureen Josephson, Lucy Morgan, Ozge Yilmaz, Kenneth N Olivier, Carlos Milla, Jessica E Pittman, M Leigh Anne Daniels, Marcus Herbert Jones, Ibrahim A Janahi, Stephanie M Ware, Sam J Daniel, Matthew L Cooper, Lawrence M Nogee, Billy Anton, Tori Eastvold, Lynn Ehrne, Elena Guadagno, Michael R Knowles, Margaret W Leigh, Valery Lavergne
BACKGROUND: This document presents the American Thoracic Society clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). TARGET AUDIENCE: Clinicians investigating adult and pediatric patients for possible PCD. METHODS: Systematic reviews and, when appropriate, meta-analyses were conducted to summarize all available evidence pertinent to our clinical questions. Evidence was assessed using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach for diagnosis and discussed by a multidisciplinary panel with expertise in PCD...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905514/epidemiology-of-central-nervous-system-infectious-diseases-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-with-implications-for-neurosurgeons-worldwide
#18
Faith C Robertson, Jacob R Lepard, Rania A Mekary, Matthew C Davis, Ismaeel Yunusa, William B Gormley, Ronnie E Baticulon, Muhammad Raji Mahmud, Basant K Misra, Abbas Rattani, Michael C Dewan, Kee B Park
OBJECTIVE Central nervous system (CNS) infections cause significant morbidity and mortality and often require neurosurgical intervention for proper diagnosis and treatment. However, neither the international burden of CNS infection, nor the current capacity of the neurosurgical workforce to treat these diseases is well characterized. The objective of this study was to elucidate the global incidence of surgically relevant CNS infection, highlighting geographic areas for targeted improvement in neurosurgical capacity...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905423/answers-on-comments-on-adapted-physical-activity-and-stroke-a-systematic-review
#19
Patrizia Belfiore, Alessandra Miele, Giorgio Liguori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905389/mortality-in-bullous-pemphigoid-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-standardized-mortality-ratios
#20
Khalaf Kridin, Naama Schwartz, Arnon D Cohen, Shira Zelber-Sagi
There are inconsistent data on mortality rates in patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP). Trends in mortality in BP throughout the years are yet to be established. The aim of the present study was to study the mortality in BP patients relative to the general population and to estimate trends in standardized mortality over the past 30 years. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies in Medline, Embase and Scopus (1823-2017). Reference lists of included studies were also searched for eligible studies...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
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