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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236354/how-comprehensive-are-research-studies-investigating-the-efficacy-of-technology-enhanced-learning-resources-in-anatomy-education-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Lauren Clunie, Neil P Morris, Viktoria C T Joynes, James D Pickering
Anatomy education is at the forefront of integrating innovative technologies into its curricula. However, despite this rise in technology numerous authors have commented on the shortfall in efficacy studies to assess the impact such technology-enhanced learning (TEL) resources have on learning. To assess the range of evaluation approaches to TEL across anatomy education, a systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE, the Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC), Scopus, and Google Scholar, with a total of 3,345 articles retrieved...
December 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236344/association-between-urologic-malignancies-and-end-stage-renal-disease-a-meta-analysis
#2
Panagiotis Kompotiatis, Charat Thongprayoon, Sandhya Manohar, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Maria L Gonzalez Suarez, Iasmina M Craici, Michael A Mao, Sandra M Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested a higher incidence of urologic malignancies in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. However, incidence trends of urologic malignancies in ESRD patients remain unclear. The study's aims were 1) to investigate the pooled incidence/incidence trends and 2) to assess the risk of urologic malignancies in ESRD patients. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database from inception through April 2017...
December 13, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236278/head-and-neck-surgical-reconstruction-in-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-afghanistan-a-systematic-review
#3
Samantha J Mikals, Joshua M Jabaut, Art A Ambrosio
Historically, head and neck injuries constituted 16 to 20% of all nonfatal combat injuries. However, advances in body and vehicle armor in the context of the use of ambushes and improvised explosive devices by enemy combatants have resulted in fewer fatalities from head and neck wounds, and thus the incidence of nonfatal head and neck injuries has risen to as high as 52%. Despite this increase, data regarding specific injury distributions, surgical cases, and approaches to repair are lacking in the current literature...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236202/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-and-management-of-regional-lymph-nodes-in-melanoma-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-and-society-of-surgical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#4
Sandra L Wong, Mark B Faries, Erin B Kennedy, Sanjiv S Agarwala, Timothy J Akhurst, Charlotte Ariyan, Charles M Balch, Barry S Berman, Alistair Cochran, Keith A Delman, Mark Gorman, John M Kirkwood, Marc D Moncrieff, Jonathan S Zager, Gary H Lyman
PURPOSE: To update the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)-Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) guideline for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy in melanoma. METHODS: An ASCO-SSO panel was formed, and a systematic review of the literature was conducted regarding SLN biopsy and completion lymph node dissection (CLND) after a positive sentinel node in patients with melanoma. RESULTS: Nine new observational studies, two systematic reviews and an updated randomized controlled trial (RCT) of SLN biopsy, as well as two randomized controlled trials of CLND after positive SLN biopsy, were included...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236171/uterine%C3%A2-fibroid-size-modifications-during-pregnancy-and-puerperium-evidence-from-the-first-systematic-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Amerigo Vitagliano, Marco Noventa, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Gabriele Saccone, Salvatore Gizzo, Shara Borgato, Salvatore Giovannni Vitale, Antonio Simone Laganà, Giovanni Battista Nardelli, Pietro Salvatore Litta, Carlo Saccardi
PURPOSE: The influence of pregnancy on uterine fibroid size still remains an unsolved dilemma. Basing on current knowledge, physicians are not able to inform patients about the likelihood of uterine fibroids to modify their size during pregnancy. Study aim was to summarize available evidence concerning the size modifications of uterine fibroids during each trimester of pregnancy and during puerperium. METHODS: The review was reported following the PRISMA guidelines and registered in PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42017071117)...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236138/-inflammatory-and-infectious-abdominal-peritoneal-and-mesenterial-processes
#6
REVIEW
A G Schreyer
BACKGROUND: Mesenterial and peritoneal inflammation represents a major clinical challenge regarding differential diagnosis. In this review article, a systematic overview of the most common causes such as autoimmune reaction, infarction with consecutive necrosis and infection caused by protozoa or bacteria is provided. RESULTS: The common clinical features of all inflammatory peritoneal and mesenterial diseases are the nonspecific abdominal symptoms. Even in radiological imaging an overlap of imaging features such as lymphadenopathy and nodular mesenteric structures is typical...
December 13, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236085/performance-evaluation-of-bluetooth-low-energy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jacopo Tosi, Fabrizio Taffoni, Marco Santacatterina, Roberto Sannino, Domenico Formica
Small, compact and embedded sensors are a pervasive technology in everyday life for a wide number of applications (e.g., wearable devices, domotics, e-health systems, etc.). In this context, wireless transmission plays a key role, and among available solutions, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) is gaining more and more popularity. BLE merges together good performance, low-energy consumption and widespread diffusion. The aim of this work is to review the main methodologies adopted to investigate BLE performance. The first part of this review is an in-depth description of the protocol, highlighting the main characteristics and implementation details...
December 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236060/the-use-of-poly-d-l-lactic-acid-pdlla-devices-for-bone-augmentation-techniques-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Marco Annunziata, Livia Nastri, Gennaro Cecoro, Luigi Guida
Poly-d,l-lactic acid (PDLLA) has been proposed in dentistry for regenerative procedures in the form of membranes, screws, and pins. The aim of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of bone augmentation techniques using PDLLA devices. A literature search was carried out by two independent and calibrated reviewers. All interventional and observational studies assessing the efficacy of bone augmentation techniques using PDLLA devices were included. Six studies were included. The relevant variability of design and methods impeded any qualitative or quantitative comparison...
December 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235986/managing-diabetes-in-people-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#9
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Chris Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions that coexist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia and diabetes may be at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemic episodes because they are less able to manage their diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key features or mechanisms of programmes that aim to improve the management of diabetes in people with dementia and to identify areas needing further research...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235942/the-process-of-adaptation-following-a-new-diagnosis-of-type-1-diabetes-in-adulthood-a-meta-synthesis
#10
Mette Due-Christensen, Vibeke Zoffmann, Ingrid Willaing, David Hopkins, Angus Forbes
While Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is generally associated with childhood, half of all cases occur in adulthood. The adaptive strategies individuals employ during the initial adaptive phase may have an important impact on their risk of future diabetes complications and their psychosocial well-being. We conducted a systematic review of six databases and included nine qualitative studies in a meta-synthesis, the aims of which were to develop a better understanding of how adults newly diagnosed with T1D experience the diagnosis and the phenomena associated with the early process of adaptation to life with diabetes...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235930/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-current-evidence-on-the-socket-shield-technique-a-systematic-review
#11
Amit S Gharpure, Neel B Bhatavadekar
We have done our best to provide a scientifically accurate picture of the current evidence on the socket-shield technique in our systematic review paper. The text of the original paper in our opinion is clear and self-explanatory and presents an unbiased assessment of this technique. We have satisfactorily addressed all the points raised by our colleagues and have supported our responses with adequate citations. We strongly feel that the evidence supporting this technique is extremely weak at the moment. As researchers of the healthcare profession, we require concrete evidence on proposed clinical techniques before they can be routinely used for patients...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235882/early-warning-systems-for-the-management-of-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-literature-review-of-cost-effectiveness-models
#12
Fernando Albuquerque de Almeida, Maiwenn Al, Ron Koymans, Kadir Caliskan, Ankie Kerstens, Johan L Severens
Introduction Describing the general and methodological characteristics of decision-analytical models used in the economic evaluation of early warning systems for the management of chronic heart failure patients and performing a quality assessment of their methodological characteristics is expected to provide concise and useful insight to inform the future development of decision-analytical models in the field of heart failure management. Areas covered The literature on decision-analytical models for the economic evaluation of early warning systems for the management of chronic heart failure patients was systematically reviewed...
December 13, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235615/-music-therapy-as-a-non-pharmacological-treatment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
N Garcia-Casares, R M Moreno-Leiva, J A Garcia-Arnes
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease which involves, among other manifestations, a progressive deterioration of memory and language, as well as behavioral disorders. In addition to non-curative pharmacological therapies, for the last years, music therapy has been developed as an effective non-pharmacological therapy in order to relieve many of these manifestations. AIM: To analyze the recent scientific evidence about the effect of music therapy on cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235561/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#14
REVIEW
Tayebeh Mottaghi, Farzad Amirabdollahian, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies investigating the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and cognitive function have produced inconclusive findings. The aim of this review was to systematically investigate if increased fruit and vegetable consumption is linked with decreased risk of cognitive impairment (CI). METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search using four databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus) in October 2016 and identified cohort and cross-sectional studies, which estimated the risk of CI for fruit and vegetable consumption...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235436/bioprosthetic-aortic-valve-leaflet-thrombosis-detected-by-multidetector-computed-tomography-is-associated-with-adverse-cerebrovascular-events-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#15
Hashrul N Rashid, Robert P Gooley, Nitesh Nerlekar, Abdul R Ihdayhid, Liam M McCormick, Arthur Nasis, James D Cameron, Adam J Brown
AIMS: Leaflet thrombosis (LT) has become increasingly recognised following transcatheter and surgical aortic ABV replacement and can be reliably identified by MDCT. However, it is ongoing debate whether MDCT-defined LT is associated with adverse cerebrovascular outcomes. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the incidence and clinical outcomes associated with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)-defined leaflet thrombosis following aortic bioprosthetic valve (ABV) replacement...
December 12, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235235/review-article-best-practice-management-of-common-ankle-and-foot-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-part-2-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#16
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Ankle and foot injuries are the most common musculoskeletal injuries presenting to Australian EDs and are associated with a large societal and economic impact. The quality of ED care provided to patients with ankle and foot fractures or soft tissue injuries is critical to ensure the best possible outcomes for the patient. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of common ankle and foot injuries in the ED. Databases including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites, were searched in 2017...
December 13, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235205/the-effect-of-surface-treatment-on-shear-bond-strength-between-y-tzp-and-veneer-ceramic-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Caroline Cantieri de Mello, Sandro Basso Bitencourt, Daniela Micheline Dos Santos, Aldiéris Alves Pesqueira, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer, Marcelo Coelho Goiato
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to evaluate surface treatment in yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal ceramic (Y-TZP) on the shear bond strength (SBS) values between Y-TZP (core ceramic) and veneer ceramic, compared to untreated specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review was registered at PROSPERO platform under the number CRD42016036493. The systematic review of the extracted publications was performed to compare the effect of surface treatment on SBS between Y-TZP ceramic and veneering ceramic...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235200/concise-review-the-cellular-conspiracy-of-als
#18
REVIEW
Andrea Serio, Rickie Patani
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is incurable and devastating. A dearth of therapies has galvanized experimental focus onto the cellular and molecular mechanisms that both initiate and subsequently drive motor neuron (MN) degeneration. A traditional view of ALS pathogenesis posits that disease-specific injury to a subtype of neurons is mechanistically cell-autonomous. This "neuron-centric" view has biased past research efforts. However, a wealth of accumulating evidence now strongly implicates non-neuronal cells as being major determinants of ALS...
December 13, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235189/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Felix Naughton, Michael Ussher
AIM: To identify factors found in the research literature to be associated with smoking cessation in pregnancy. METHODS: Electronic searches of the bibliographic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Elsevier, Scopus and ISI Web of Science were conducted to April 2017. All studies reporting factors associated with smoking cessation or continuing smoking during pregnancy were included and systematically reviewed, irrespective of study design. The Newcastle Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to assess the study quality...
December 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235181/fuzheng-huayu-capsule-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-hbv-related-cirrhosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Tao Wang, Xuelin Zhou, Honghong Liu, Jiabo Wang, Ping Zhang, Yun Zhu, Kun Li, Shizhang Wei, Haotian Li, Lifu Wang, Ruilin Wang, Yanling Zhao
Fuzheng Huayu (FZHY) capsule, a formulated traditional Chinese medicine product with 6 Chinese herbs, is widely used for HBV-related cirrhosis as an adjuvant treatment. However, the efficacy of FZHY capsule for HBV-induced cirrhosis did not be comprehensively proved by systematic analysis. Our current analysis was aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of FZHY capsule by an evidence-based method. Databases, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wangfang, VIP medicine information system, Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library, were searched, and the randomized controlled trials of FZHY capsule were used for the treatment of HBV-associated liver cirrhosis...
December 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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