keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Food poisoning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535116/is-mannitol-the-treatment-of-choice-for-patients-with-ciguatera-fish-poisoning
#1
Michael E Mullins, Robert S Hoffman
CONTEXT: Ciguatera fish poisoning arises primarily from consumption of carnivorous reef fish caught in tropical and sub-tropical waters. Ciguatoxins, a class of tasteless, heat-stable, polycyclic toxins produced by dinoflagellates, accumulate through the food chain and concentrate in various carnivorous fish, such as groupers, barracudas, wrasses, amberjack, kingfishes, and eels. Characteristics of ciguatera fish poisoning include early nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea in the first one to two days post ingestion, followed by the appearance of sensory disturbances...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529502/effect-of-rocket-eruca-sativa-extract-on-mrsa-growth-and-proteome-metabolic-adjustments-in-plant-based-media
#2
Agapi I Doulgeraki, Georgios Efthimiou, Spiros Paramithiotis, Katherine M Pappas, Milton A Typas, George-John Nychas
The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in food has provoked a great concern about the presence of MRSA in associated foodstuff. Although MRSA is often detected in various retailed meat products, it seems that food handlers are more strongly associated with this type of food contamination. Thus, it can be easily postulated that any food could be contaminated with this pathogen in an industrial environment or in household and cause food poisoning. To this direction, the effect of rocket (Eruca sativa) extract on MRSA growth and proteome was examined in the present study...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524037/-clinical-analysis-of-53-patients-with-clostridium-botulinum-food-poisoning
#3
Peng Zhang, Jianguang Dong, Lili Bai, Zewu Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiologic data of patients with Clostridium botulinum food poisoning, and to improve the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of food borne botulism. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Fifty-three patients with Clostridium botulinum food poisoning admitted to Chinese PLA Center of Poisoning and Treatment from January 2009 to December 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups according to the severity of disease...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521335/spotlight-on-bacillus-cereus-and-its-food-poisoning-toxins
#4
Per Einar Granum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521063/effective-message-elements-for-disclosures-about-chemicals-in-cigarette-smoke
#5
Dannielle E Kelley, Marcella H Boynton, Seth M Noar, Jennifer C Morgan, Jennifer R Mendel, Kurt M Ribisl, Irina Stepanov, Leena A Nylander-French, Noel T Brewer
Introduction: Cigarette smoke contains at least 93 chemicals or "constituents" that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has identified as harmful or potentially harmful to human health. Our study sought to identify which constituent disclosure message elements are most effective in discouraging people from smoking. Methods: Three hundred eighty-eight current smokers ages 18 and older completed an online survey in February 2015. We randomized participants to respond to one of two sets of 13 toxic products that contain cigarette constituents and 25 health effects associated with cigarette constituents...
May 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491823/comparative-proteomics-reveals-differences-in-host-pathogen-interaction-between-infectious-and-commensal-relationship-with-campylobacter-jejuni
#6
Nieves Ayllón, Ángeles Jiménez-Marín, Héctor Argüello, Sara Zaldívar-López, Margarita Villar, Carmen Aguilar, Angela Moreno, José De La Fuente, Juan J Garrido
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading food-borne poisoning in industrialized countries. While the bacteria causes disease in humans, it merely colonizes the gut in poultry or pigs, where seems to establish a commensal relationship. Until now, few studies have been conducted to elucidate the relationship between C. jejuni and its different hosts. In this work, a comparative proteomics approach was used to identify the underlying mechanisms involved in the divergent outcome following C. jejuni infection in human and porcine host...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484137/identification-of-datura-species-involved-in-a-food-poisoning-case-using-lc-ms-ms-and-dna-barcording
#7
Atsuko Ushiyama, Chie Akaboshi, Nobuhiko Ohsawa, Tomomi Shimizu, Yuki Matsushima, Hideaki Shimizu, Shigeki Hashiguchi
A food-poisoning case due to eating the roots of Datura occurred in Kawasaki City, Japan in 2014. The Datura plant was mistakenly collected instead of burdock in a domestic garden. The roots of these plants are quite similar to each other. We presumed that the specimen was the root of Datura, but it was difficult to classify it only from the morphology. Using LC-MS/MS, we detected atropine and scopolamine from the remaining plant specimen. Therefore, we applied the DNA barcoding method. The results showed that the specimen was classified into Solanaceae family, but not Asteraceae family...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476768/the-effect-of-high-pressure-on-bacillus-licheniformis-spore-germination-and-inactivation
#8
Kristina Borch-Pedersen, Hilde Mellegård, Kai Reineke, Preben Boysen, Robert Sevenich, Toril Lindbäck, Marina Aspholm
Bacillus and Clostridium species form spores, which pose a challenge to the food industry due to their ubiquitous nature and extreme resistance. Pressurization at <300 MPa triggers spore germination by activating germination receptors (GRs), while pressurization at >300 MPa likely triggers germination by opening DPA channels present in the spores inner membrane. In this work we expose spores of Bacillus licheniformis, a species associated with food spoilage and occasionally with food poisoning, to high-pressures (HP) for holding times up to 2 h...
May 5, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475927/a-novel-typing-method-for-listeria-monocytogenes-using-high-resolution-melting-analysis-hrma-of-tandem-repeat-regions
#9
Chihiro Ohshima, Hajime Takahashi, Ai Iwakawa, Takashi Kuda, Bon Kimura
Listeria monocytogenes, which is responsible for causing food poisoning known as listeriosis, infects humans and animals. Widely distributed in the environment, this bacterium is known to contaminate food products after being transmitted to factories via raw materials. To minimize the contamination of products by food pathogens, it is critical to identify and eliminate factory entry routes and pathways for the causative bacteria. High resolution melting analysis (HRMA) is a method that takes advantage of differences in DNA sequences and PCR product lengths that are reflected by the disassociation temperature...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473917/mesenteric-venous-thrombosis-precipitated-by-foodborne-gastrointestinal-illness
#10
Amy L Wojciechowski, Rajinder Ps Bajwa, Bala Thatigotla
Foodborne illnesses are common and are usually considered as part of the differential diagnosis when a patient presents with gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea and fever. The majority of foodborne illness is transient and self-limited, while life threatening complications are rare. Here, we describe a case of a patient presenting with inflammatory diarrhea after consumption of undercooked seafood. She developed mesenteric and portal venous thrombosis and small bowel infarction requiring surgical intervention and resection of gangrenous small bowel...
March 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469451/pesticide-residues-in-commercial-lettuce-onion-and-potato-samples-from-bolivia-a-threat-to-public-health
#11
REVIEW
Marlene Skovgaard, Susana Renjel Encinas, Olaf Chresten Jensen, Jens Hinge Andersen, Guido Condarco, Erik Jørs
Bolivia does not have a surveillance program for pesticide residues in food. The few published studies have suggested that pesticide contamination in food may present a public health problem. Data are lacking for all foods except tomatoes and breast milk. In this study 10 potato, 10 onion, and 10 lettuce samples from La Paz were sampled on August 15, 2015 at a local market and screened for 283 pesticides. Residues of cypermethrin, chlorpyrifos, difenoconazol, or/and λ-cyhalothrin were detected in 50% of the lettuce samples, whereas no pesticides were found in potatoes and onions...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469449/obstacles-and-opportunities-for-diffusion-of-integrated-pest-management-strategies-reported-by-bolivian-small-scale-farmers-and-agronomists
#12
REVIEW
Erik Jørs, Antonio Aramayo, Omar Huici, Flemming Konradsen, Gabriel Gulis
Integrated pest management (IPM) with an increased used of ecological farming methods and less and safer use of pesticides offers solutions to reduce risks of developing pest resistance, human poisoning, and environmental pollution. Despite being promoted by Food and Agriculture Organization and others, it has not spread readily in low-income countries. This article presents the opinions of Bolivian farmers and agronomists on perceived obstacles and opportunities for a diffusion of IPM. Focus group discussions revealed an increased workload without certainty of higher yields or better prices for products grown with IPM compared with traditional agriculture being hindrances for a spread of IPM...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467517/anti-cancer-stemness-and-anti-invasive-activity-of-bitter-taste-receptors-tas2r8-and-tas2r10-in-human-neuroblastoma-cells
#13
Yoona Seo, Yoo-Sun Kim, Kyung Eun Lee, Tai Hyun Park, Yuri Kim
Neuroblastoma (NB) originates from immature neuronal cells and currently has a poor clinical outcome. NB cells possess cancer stem cells (CSCs) characteristics that facilitate the initiation of a tumor, as well as its metastasis. Human bitter taste receptors, referred to as TAS2Rs, are one of five types of basic taste receptors and they belong to a family of G-protein coupled receptors. The recent finding that taste receptors are expressed in non-gustatory tissues suggest that they mediate additional functions distinct from taste perception...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467445/oils-extracted-from-eupatorium-adenophorum-leaves-show-potential-to-control-phythium-myriotylum-in-commercially-grown-ginger
#14
Xiaoman Liu, Dongdong Yan, Canbin Ouyang, Dongsheng Yang, Qiuxia Wang, Yuan Li, Meixia Guo, Aocheng Cao
Oils extracted from the leaves of Eupatorium adenophorum were tested in vitro and in vivo against the soilborne pathogen Pythium myriotylum which causes soft rot, a devastating disease of commercial ginger production in China. Twelve compounds accounting for 99.15% of the total oil composition were identified by GC-MS. The major components were 10Hβ-9-oxo-agerophorone (37.03%), 10Hα-9-oxo-agerophorone (37.73%) and 9-oxo-10, 11-dehydro-agerophorone (23.41%). Antifungal activity was tested by the poisoned food technique against P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467187/evaluation-of-two-standard-and-two-chromogenic-selective-media-for-optimal-growth-and-enumeration-of-isolates-of-16-unique-bacillus-species
#15
M Shahjahan Kabir, Ying-Hsin Hsieh, Steven Simpson, Khalil Kerdahi, Irshad M Sulaiman
The genus Bacillus is a group of gram-positive endospore-forming bacteria that can cause food poisoning and diarrheal illness in humans. A wide range of food products have been linked to foodborne outbreaks associated with these opportunistic pathogens. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends (in their Bacteriological Analytical Manual) the use of Bacara or mannitol egg yolk polymyxin (MYP) agar plates and the most-probable-number (MPN) method for enumeration and confirmation of Bacillus cereus and related species isolated from foods, sporadic cases, outbreaks, and routine environmental surveillance samples...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457442/synthesis-of-hybrid-paper-sheets-with-enhanced-air-barrier-and-antimicrobial-properties-for-food-packaging
#16
Magda A El-Samahy, Salah A A Mohamed, Mona H Abdel Rehim, Maysa E Mohram
Paper sheets made from bagasse pulp have been modified using nanocellulose (NC) obtained from the same raw material. Modification of paper sheets have been carried out either through loading of paper with different concentrations of NC and antibacterial agent, Chitosan (Ch) during making sheets, or by surface coating of the paper. Crystals of NC extracted using concentrated sulfuric acid from bagasse pulp were found to have crystallinity index (CrI) 90%. Morphology of obtained NC has been confirmed by TEM and images revealed formation of NC crystals with large size distribution ranges from 4 to 60nm...
July 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454589/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-staphylococcus-in-dairy-farms-abattoir-and-humans-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#17
Takele Beyene, Halefom Hayishe, Fikru Gizaw, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Fufa Abunna, Bedaso Mammo, Dinka Ayana, Hika Waktole, Reta Duguma Abdi
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus species cause mastitis and wound infection in livestock and food poisoning in humans through ingestion of contaminated foods, including meat and dairy products. They are evolving pathogens in that they readily acquire drug resistance, and multiple drug-resistant (MDR) isolates are increasing in human and veterinary healthcare. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of Staphylococci and their drug resistance in dairy farms and abattoir settings of Addis Ababa...
April 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450142/pan-genome-analysis-of-clostridium-botulinum-reveals-unique-targets-for-drug-development
#18
Tulika Bhardwaj, Pallavi Somvanshi
Clostridium botulinum, a formidable pathogen is responsible for the emerging cause of food poisoning cases on the global canvas. The endemicity of bacterium Clostridium botulinum is reflected by the sudden hospital outbreaks and increased resistance towards multiple drugs. Therefore, a combined approach of in-silico comparative genomic analysis with statistical analysis was applied to overcome the limitation of bench-top technologies. Owing to the paucity of genomic data available by the advent of third generation sequencing technologies, several 'omics' technologies were applied to understand the underlying evolutionary pattern and lifestyle of the bacterial pathogen using phylogenomics...
April 24, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444877/identification-and-measurement-of-staphylococcal-enterotoxin-m-sem-from-staphylococcus-aureus-isolate-associated-with-staphylococcal-food-poisoning
#19
Yanying Zhao, Anni Zhu, Junni Tang, Cheng Tang, Juan Chen
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) produces a wide variety of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs, SEA to SEX), which are responsible for staphylococcal food poisoning. This study is aimed to establish a system to detect SEM protein in food matrixes. In the present study, sem gene was characterized in a S. aureus isolate H4 associated with food poisoning. The amino acid sequence of the deduced SEM protein was same as that of previously identified SEM from S. aureus 04-02981. Subsequently, mature SEM protein was expressed in E...
April 26, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443378/toxicity-resulting-from-exposure-to-oven-cleaners-as-reported-to-the-uk-national-poisons-information-service-npis-from-2009-to-2015
#20
Rachael C Day, Sally M Bradberry, Euan A Sandilands, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Oven cleaning products contain corrosive substances, typically sodium or potassium hydroxide. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reported toxicity from exposure to oven cleaning products. METHODS: Telephone enquiries to the UK National Poisons Information Service regarding oven cleaning products were analysed retrospectively for the period January 2009 to December 2015. RESULTS: There were 796 enquiries relating to 780 patients...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
keyword
keyword
43574
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"