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Francesca Malvano, Luigi Maritato, Giovanni Carapella, Pasquale Orgiani, Roberto Pilloton, Marisa Di Matteo, Donatella Albanese
Due to their interesting ferroelectric, conductive and dielectric properties, in recent years, perovskite-structured materials have begun to attract increasing interest in the biosensing field. In this study, a strontium titanate perovskite layer (SrTiO₃) has been synthesized on a platinum electrode and exploited for the development of an impedimetric label-free immunosensor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 detection. The electrochemical characterization of the perovskite-modified electrode during the construction of the immunosensor, as well as after the interaction with different E...
March 16, 2018: Biosensors
Walid M Al-Rousan, Amin N Olaimat, Tareq M Osaili, Anas A Al-Nabulsi, Radwan Y Ajo, Richard A Holley
The objective of the current study was to evaluate the antimicrobial action of different concentrations of acetic (0.3% and 0.4%) or citric (1% and 1.4%) acids and their combinations (1% citric acid plus 0.4% acetic acid and 1.4% citric acid plus 0.3% acetic acid) against Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Staphylococcus aureus in tabbouleh salad stored at 21, 10 and 4 °C. Acetic acid was more inhibitory toward S. Typhimurium and E. coli O157:H7 than citric acid at 21 °C; S. Typhimurium and E...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Marilyn C Erickson, Jye-Yin Liao, Mussie Y Habteselassie, Jennifer L Cannon
Field workers often wear gloves harvesting ready-to-eat produce; however, fields are not sterile environments and gloves may become contaminated numerous times during a working shift. This study explored the potential for inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella when contaminated gloves were washed in levulinic acid (LV) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) solutions. Washing nitrile gloves with increasing concentrations of LV above 1.0% led to a decreased prevalence of glove contamination by Salmonella (P = 0...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Dong Han, Yen-Con Hung, Luxin Wang
The goals of this study were to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of Neutral electrolyzed oxidizing (NEO) water on E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Enteritidis and Yersinia enterocolitica in both pure culture and on inoculated pork chops and skin samples, and to investigate the formation of viable but nonculturable (VBNC) pathogens after treatments. Both the plate count method and flow cytometry were used to evaluate antimicrobial efficacy on pure cultures. Different concentrations of NEO water were prepared by diluting the original NEO water (100%) with sterilized deionized water...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Lin Lin, Yulin Zhu, Baskar Thangaraj, Mohamed A S Abdel-Samie, Haiying Cui
The objective of this study was to investigate the preparation of the freeze-dried ε-polylysine (ε-PLY)-coated thyme essential oil (TEO) liposome, and its application in vegetable juices to control the Escherichia coli O157:H7 growth. Firstly, the solid liposomes (SLP) were obtained via freeze-drying in the presence of β-cyclodextrins as cryoprotectant under different ratios of β-cyclodextrin: lipid (w/w) (2:1, 4:1, 6:1 and 8:1). The ultraviolet visible and fourier transformed infrared spectrograms results indicated the presence of TEO and ε-PLY in SLPs...
May 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
De-Mei Meng, Yu-Jie Lv, Jing-Fang Zhao, Qing-Yan Liu, Lin-Yue Shi, Jun-Ping Wang, Yong-Hai Yang, Zhen-Chuan Fan
VpDef is a novel defensin isolated from the clam Venerupis philippinarum. Previously it was expressed in Escherichia coli; however, the E. coli-derived recombinant VpDef did not show effective antimicrobial activity against Staphyloccocus aureus or the Gram-negative bacteria tested. As such, the goal of this study was to design, express, and purify a recombinant VpDef (rVpDef) in Pichia pastoris and to determine its antibacterial potency and stability. A 6.9 KDa rVpDef was successfully expressed as a secreted peptide in P...
March 6, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
Shane W Rogers, Carrie E Shaffer, Tom A Langen, Michael Jahne, Rick Welsh
The purpose of this study was to investigate genetic biomarkers of zoonotic enteric pathogens and antibiotic-resistant genes (ARGs) in the feces of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) as related to proximity of deer to land that receives livestock manure or human waste biosolid fertilizers. Deer feces were collected in the St. Lawrence River Valley and Adirondack State Park of New York. Campylobacter spp. 16S rDNA was detected in 12 of 232 fecal samples (8 of 33 sites). Salmonellae were cultivated from 2 of 182 fecal samples (2 of 29 sites)...
March 9, 2018: EcoHealth
Shanshan Fu, Xiangning Bai, Ruyue Fan, Hui Sun, Yanmei Xu, Yanwen Xiong
Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is increasingly recognized as an important enteric foodborne pathogen. The hallmark of the disease is the production of Shiga toxins; however, there are other virulence factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of STEC. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and genetic diversity of the enterohaemolysin gene, ehxA, among non-O157 STEC strains from human, animal, and food sources. The ehxA gene was amplified from 138 (31.8%) of 434 non-O157 STEC strains, among which 36 unique ehxA sequences were identified...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bin Yang, Shaomeng Wang, Jianxiao Huang, Zhiqiu Yin, Lingyan Jiang, Wenqi Hou, Xiaomin Li, Lu Feng
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major human enteric pathogen capable of causing large outbreaks of severe infections that induce bloody diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Its genome contains 177 unique O islands (OIs) including those carrying the main virulence elements, Shiga toxin-converting phages (OI-45 and OI-93) and locus for enterocyte effacement (OI-148). However, many of these islands harbor only genes of unknown function. Here, we demonstrate that OI-29 encodes a newly discovered transcriptional activator, Z0639 (named GmrA), that is required for motility and flagellar synthesis in O157:H7...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
M Giles, S A Cawthraw, M AbuOun, C M Thomas, D Munera, M K Waldor, R M La Ragione, J M Ritchie
Objectives: To assess stability and contribution of a large ESBL-encoding IncI1 plasmid to intestinal colonization by Escherichia coli O104:H4 in two different mammalian hosts. Methods: Specific-pathogen-free 3-4-day-old New Zealand White rabbits and conventionally reared 6-week-old weaned lambs were orally infected with WT E. coli O104:H4 or the ESBL-plasmid-cured derivative, and the recovery of bacteria in intestinal homogenates and faeces monitored over time...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Satoshi Nakano, Miki Nagao, Tomomi Yamasaki, Hiroyuki Morimura, Natsuki Hama, Yoshio Iijima, Hiroto Shinomiya, Michio Tanaka, Masaki Yamamoto, Yasufumi Matsumura, Shiro Miyake, Satoshi Ichiyama
The early detection of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is important for early diagnosis and preventing the spread of STEC. Although the confirmatory test for STEC should be based on the detection of Shiga toxin using molecular analysis, isolation permits additional characterization of STEC using a variety of methods, including O:H serotyping. The conventional slide agglutination O-antigen serogrouping used in many clinical laboratories is laborious and time-consuming. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based immunosensors are commonly used to investigate a large variety of bio-interactions such as antibody/antigen, peptide/antibody, DNA/DNA, and antibody/bacteria interactions...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Lingxian Ye, Guangying Zhao, Wenchao Dou
A sensitive Point-of-Care Testing (POCT) with Au-Pt bimetallic nanoparticles (Au@Pt) functionalized silica nanoparticle (SiO2 NPs) and Fe3 O4 magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3 O4 NPs) was designed for the quantitative detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (E. coli O157:H7). The poly-(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) (PSSMA) as a negatively charged polyelectrolyte can be easily coated on surface of the amino group modified SiO2 NPs via electrostatic force. PSSMA is also a good stabilizer for water-soluble bimetallic nanostructures...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
Kevin Mclean, Javier Palarea-Albaladejo, Carol G Currie, Lisa H J Imrie, Erin D T Manson, Douglas Fraser-Pitt, Frank Wright, Colin J Alexander, Kevin G J Pollock, Lesley Allison, Mary Hanson, David G E Smith
Whole cell MALDI is regularly used for the identification of bacteria to species level in clinical Microbiology laboratories. However, there remains a need to rapidly characterize and differentiate isolates below the species level to support outbreak management. We describe the implementation of a modified preparative approach for MALDI-MS combined with a custom analytical computational pipeline as a rapid procedure for subtyping Shigatoxigenic E. coli (STEC) and accurately identifying strain-specifying biomarkers...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
J D Tanaro, L A Pianciola, B A D'Astek, M C Piaggio, M L Mazzeo, G Zolezzi, M Rivas
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 is a worldwide concern. Cattle are their main reservoir and may contaminate watercourses through manure. We characterized a collection of 38 STEC O157:H7 strains isolated from surface water in feedlots areas (puddles inside pens formed after the rainfall or by spill around drinking troughs, and small water courses and lagoons, formed by runoff). Nineteen (50.0%) strains harbored stx2a /stx2c genes, 18 (47.4%) stx2c and one stx1a /stx2c . All strains harbored eae, ehxA, rfbO157 , and fliCH 7 genes, and the putative virulence determinants ECSP_0242, ECSP_2687 and ECSP_3620...
March 3, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Ximena Blanco Crivelli, María P Bonino, Paula Von Wernich Castillo, Armando Navarro, Osvaldo Degregorio, Adriana Bentancor
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) are pathovars of E. coli that impact human health by causing childhood diseases. In this work, 118 synanthropic rodents of the genus Rattus from Buenos Aires, Argentina were evaluated as EPEC and STEC carriers. Rectal swab samples from captured animals were evaluated by conventional PCR to detect the presence of the eae , stx 1, stx 2, and rfb O157 genes. Twenty-one isolates were obtained (17 EPEC isolates from seven animals and four STEC isolates from the same animal)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Deborah Wilson, Gayle Dolan, Heather Aird, Shirley Sorrell, Timothy J Dallman, Claire Jenkins, Lucy Robertson, Russell Gorton
Fifteen cases of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 infection were associated with the consumption of contaminated food from two related butchers' premises in the north-east of England. Ten cases were admitted to hospital and seven cases developed haemolytic uraemic syndrome. A case control study found a statistically significant association with the purchase of raw and/or ready-to-eat (RTE) food supplied by the implicated butchers' shops. Isolates of STEC O157 were detected in two raw lamb burgers taken from one of the butchers' premises...
February 28, 2018: Microbial Genomics
Solmaz Alborzi, Luis J Bastarrachea, Qiao Ding, Rohan V Tikekar
An antimicrobial effect of benzoic acid (BA) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) was evaluated as a potential antimicrobial treatment against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria innocua. A 30 min exposure to the combination of 15 mM BA and 1 mM EDTA at 22 °C resulted in approximately 3 logarithmic reductions in stationary phase E. coli O157:H7. Logarithmic phase E. coli O157:H7 was more sensitive (P < 0.05) to the treatment and 1 mM EDTA alone caused more than 5 logarithmic reductions. L. innocua was also sensitive to a treatment with 15 mM BA alone, which induced 5 logarithmic reductions...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Eun Hee Lee, Imran Khan, Deog-Hwan Oh
The current study aimed to fabricate nisin-loaded chitosan (N-CS) nanoparticles through ionic interactions between positive amino groups of chitosan and negatively charged tripolyphosphate ions in the presence of nisin and to evaluate their efficacy against foodborne pathogens in orange juice. The synthesized nanoparticles were sphere-shaped and homogenous with an average size of 64.34 ± 2.1 and 147.93 ± 2.9 for chitosan and N-CS nanoparticles, respectively. The encapsulation efficiency of nisin into nanoparticles was 67...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Adriana Albanese, Flavia Sacerdoti, E Abril Seyahian, Maria Marta Amaral, Gabriela Fiorentino, Romina Fernandez Brando, Daniel A Vilte, Elsa C Mercado, Marina S Palermo, Angel Cataldi, Elsa Zotta, Cristina Ibarra
E. coli O157:H7 is a foodborne pathogen responsible for bloody diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). The objective of the present work was to evaluate the ability of colostral IgG obtained from Stx2-immunized cows to prevent against E. coli O157:H7 infection and Stx2 cytotoxicity. Hyperimmune colostrum (HC) was obtained from cows intramuscularly immunized with inactivated Stx2 or vehicle for controls. Colostral IgG was purified by affinity chromatography. Specific IgG antibodies against Stx2 and bovine lactoferrin (bLF) levels in HC and the corresponding IgG (HC-IgG/bLF) were determined by ELISA...
February 23, 2018: Vaccine
Yingfeng Wang, Maoli Yin, Zhiguang Li, Ying Liu, Xuehong Ren, Tung-Shi Huang
N-halamine polymers have been successfully attached surfaces of mesoporous materials. The modified mesoporous materials have been applied on the modification of cotton. Soaking in household bleach, the coated cotton shows good antimicrobial efficacy against S. aureus and E. coli O157:H7. The chlorinated samples could completely inactivate 100% S. aureus within 10 min, and 99.99% E. coli O157:H7 within 30 min. The chlorinated sample had better platelet adhesion and red blood cell cohesion than the control sample...
February 20, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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