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Traditional Chinese Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934273/novel-derivative-of-paeonol-paeononlsilatie-sodium-alleviates-behavioral-damage-and-hippocampal-dendritic-injury-in-alzheimer-s-disease-concurrent-with-cofilin1-phosphorylated-cofilin1-and-rac1-cdc42-alterations-in-rats
#1
Fei Han, Ting-Ting Zhuang, Jing-Jing Chen, Xiu-Ling Zhu, Ya-Fei Cai, Ya-Ping Lu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a typical hippocampal amnesia and the most common senile dementia. Many studies suggest that cognitive impairments are more closely correlated with synaptic loss than the burden of amyloid deposits in AD progression. To date, there is no effective treatment for this disease. Paeonol has been widely employed in traditional Chinese medicine. This compound improves learning behavior in an animal model; however, the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, Paeononlsilatie sodium (Pa), a derivative of Paeonol, attenuated D-galactose (D-gal) and AlCl3-induced behavioral damages in rats based on evaluations of the open field test (OFT), elevated plus maze test (EPMT), and Morris water maze test (MWMT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933300/cancer-treatment-by-using-traditional-chinese-medicine-probing-active-compounds-in-anti-multidrug-resistance-during-drug-therapy
#2
Jian-Shu Lou, Ping Yao, Karl W K Tism
The main tackle of cancer treatment is multidrug resistance during chemotherapy. Cancer cell can evade cell death during every round of orthodox chemotherapy drugs, consequently being resistance after several rounds of standard drug treatment. One of the regimens to address this multidrug resistance problem is by drug combination. However, synthetic drugs always have problems of strong side effects and toxicity. Natural compounds deriving from traditional Chinese medicine are known to have low toxicity and genuine promising effects in reversing multidrug resistance, either induced by orthodox chemotherapeutic or targeted therapy drugs...
September 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933130/-research-progress-on-breeding-standard-of-medicinal-animals-and-discussion-on-several-key-problems
#3
Yi-Quan Zhou, Xian-You Qu, Guang Yang, Jun-de Li, Yan Su, Ying Li
Medicinal animal breeding standards is regarded as the law to normalize relevant production that can guarantee the quality of traditional Chinese medicine of animal category. The article summarized the medicinal animal resources in our country and the present condition of medicinal animal breeding standards. It considered the current animal breeding standards system was in adequate, not only the quantity of breeding standards, the standard content and index were also uncomprehensive, which is not conducive to the scientific and orderly development and utilization of medicinal animal resources...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933128/-effects-of-processing-on-toxic-components-of-pinellia-rhizoma-and-its-detoxification-mechanism
#4
Hai-Jian Yuan, Xiao-Bin Jia, Wen-Jing Yin, Hui Wang, Hong-Juan Wang, Wei Li
Pinellia Rhizoma is one of the most commonly used medicinal herbs in clinic, but its toxicity couldn't be ignored. Processing is a detoxification method before the toxic traditional Chinese medicine were given to the patients, and mainly impacted the amount of relevant components in Chinese medicinal herbs (increase or decrease). Although there were still some disputes about the toxic components in Pinelliae Rhizoma (mainly referring to the alkaloid substances), more literatures reported that needle-like calcium oxalate crystals and lectin protein in Pinelliae Rhizoma were the main toxic components, and had a significant effect on inflammation and irritation caused by Pinellia Rhizoma...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933127/-bencao-literature-investigation-of-polygonum-multiflorum-heshouwu
#5
Li Liang, Jin-Sheng Zheng, Zhong-Zhen Zhao
Heshouwu, derived from the root of Polygonum multiflorum (=Fallopia multiflora), is widely used in the Chinese medicine market as a traditional tonic. The emergence of heshouwu material with a human shape reflects a pursuit of its supplementing effects. However, reports of Heshouwu toxicity have repeatedly surfaced in recent years, attracting widespread concern. To clarify the situation surrounding the safety and efficacy of Heshouwu, this research utilizes a systematic review of the text and illustrations in historical bencao (materia medica) literature to investigate the origin, botanical characteristics, actions and processing of Heshouwu, as well as the origin and historical evolution of Baishouwu ("white Heshouwu")...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933125/-analysis-of-diemailing-kudiezi-injection-use-in-real-world-in-7-189-patients-with-cerebral-infarction
#6
Xing Liao, Yin Zhang, Yan-Ming Xie, Yan Liu, Dan-Hui Yi, Yi-Li Zhang, Feng Chen
This is a study based on hospital intensive monitoring to explore medication use of Diemailing Kudiezi injection(one Chinese herbal medicine injection) in real word in the patients with cerebral infarction. The active monitoring model was adopted and hospital intensive monitoring on safety of 7 189 cases of patients with cerebral infarction was conducted to obtain the drug use information of Diemailing injection. The results were analyzed by using statistical description and association rule method. The statistical description and association rule analysis were conducted based on patients' basic demographic characteristics, use of Diemailing injection and combined use of drugs...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933122/-hepatotoxicity-of-emodin-based-on-ugt1a1-enzyme-mediated-bilirubin-in-liver-microsomes
#7
Qi Wang, Zhong Dai, Yu-Jie Zhang, Shuang-Cheng Ma
To study the hepatotoxicity of emodin based on bilirubin metabolism mediated by glucuronidation of UGT1A1 enzyme. In this study, three different incubation systems were established by using RLM, HLM, and rUGT1A1, with bilirubin as the substrate. Different concentrations of bilirubin and emodin were added in the incubation systems. The double reciprocal Michaelis equation was drawn based on the total amount of bilirubin glucuronidation. The apparent inhibition constant Ki was then calculated with the slope curve to predict the hepatotoxicity...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933119/-research-on-rat-models-of-acute-liver-injury-with-syndrome-of-liver-depression-and-spleen-deficiency
#8
Na-Na Huang, Xiao-Qian Sun, Qian Yang, Xiao-Yu Li, Rong Sun
This paper aimed to establish animal models which are suitable for the activity found, efficacy evaluation of herbs resistant to acute liver injury with syndrome of liver depression and spleen deficiency and new drug research and development based on corresponding of formula and syndrome. The symptoms that are suitable for evaluating the rat models of acute liver injury with syndrome of liver depression and spleen deficiency were extracted according to the evolution rule of the etiology and pathogenesis in traditional Chinese medicine and the modern pathological mechanism...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933115/-rancidness-of-armeniacae-semen-amarum-involving-bianzhuang-lunzhi
#9
Jian-Ting Gong, Li-Ying Zhao, Bauer Rudolf, Wen-Juan Mi, Yang Li, Jia-Hui Li, Zhi-Yu Ren, Dong Xu, Ting Zhao, Yong-Hong Yan
This article aims to compare the qualities of Armeniacae Semen Amarum before and after rancidness, in order to study the rancidness of Armeniacae Semen Amarum. In the experiment, content of fatty oil, acid value and peroxide value were determined before and after rancidness,respectively. Meanwhile, HPLC, GC-MS were utilized to analyze laetrile and fatty acid components. Besides, colorimeter and e-nose were introduced to quantify and compare "color and odor". A correlation analysis was conducted on the above results...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933106/-review-for-sedative-and-hypnotic-mechanism-of-sedative-traditional-chinese-medicine-and-relative-active-components-on-neurotransmitters
#10
REVIEW
Fei-Yan Zhang, Jing-Jing Li, Ying Zhou, Xiao-Yu Xu
The sedative traditional Chinese medicine has a long history of clinical experience in treating insomnia. The main pharmacological effects of sedative agents are sedation, hypnosis, antianxiety and antidepression which might be related to certain neurotransmitters and cytokines and so on. This review summarized the mechanism of sedative traditional Chinese medicine and its active monomers based on neurotransmitters, including GABA, Glu, 5-HT, DA, NE and their metabolites 5-HIAA, HVA, DOPAC. The results showed that the most research about the sedative medicine at present was throught serotonergic and GABA ergic system...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933105/-nrf2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-axes-epigenetic-regulation-and-traditional-chinese-medicine-natural-medicine-to-treat-type-2-diabetes
#11
REVIEW
Chun-Mei Zhai, Bo-Yu Jia, Zhi-Bin Wang, Xue Huai, Zhi-Chao Ma, Zhen-Kun Tian, Yong-Hai Meng
Diabetes mellitus is a characterized by high blood sugar metabolic disease, is a lifelong disease with a high incidence of major hazards. Prevention and treatment of diabetes and its complications has become a serious challenge and arduous task facing the world pharmaceutical researchers. Oxidative stress, Nfr2-NF-κB signaling axis related epigenomic genes have the apparent close relationship with type 2 diabetes,those have become one of the key focus and effective way to explore its pathogenesis, mechanism and drug screening...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933102/-resources-industrialization-channels-and-strategies-of-active-polysaccharide-from-lycii-fructus-based-on-analysis-of-domestic-and-foreign-intellectual-properties
#12
REVIEW
Fang Zhang, Sheng Guo, Da-Wei Qian, Xia Zhang, Xiao-Chun Yang, Yong-Jing Li, Jin-Ao Duan
Lycii Fructus is a traditional medicinal and edible herb, with the function of liver and kidney nourishing, blood and eyesight replenishing. As the most important active substance in the fruits of Lycium barbarum, Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) have been demonstrated to play multiple pharmacological activities, with broad prospects for development and utilization. Based on the comprehensive deep analysis of global LBP patent output, the current patent LBP features were explored from the perspective of development trend, technology field distribution, time dimension, technology life curve and patent applicant...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933101/-discussion-on-relevant-theories-of-qi-blood-shen-and-formula-implication-of-guan-xin-jing-capsule
#13
Rui-Ping Li, Guo-Hua Yu, Jun-Fang Li, Shi-Huan Tang
In the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the definition of "Shen" contains a broad concept and a narrow concept. Broad "Shen" is the dominator and administrator of human vital movement,while narrow "Shen" means spirit, consciousness, thinking and emotions of human. "Shen" originates from innate essence of parents, and survives on acquired essence of water and food as well as the nutrition of its metaplastic Qi-Blood-Body fluid. Qi-Blood,the most precious asset of human body, is a quite important section of one person and the central material basis of "Shen-Zhi"...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933100/-decipherment-of-ancient-literature-about-danshen
#14
Ai-Ping Deng, Lan-Ping Guo, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Lu-Qi Huang
Danshen has a long history in China as a commen traditional Chinese medicine, but many other members of the Salvia family is also used as Danshen in particular regions. The name of Danshen were analyzed according to the color, efficacity and etc. To investigate the real origin of Danshen, the stalk, leaf, flower and radix in chronicle and pictures of ancient literature were deciphered. It showed that in the past dynasties, Salvia miltiorrhiza was the most likely plant used as Danshen. The rigin and quality evaluation of Danshen were also summerized, provided new insight and proof for the development and utilization of Danshen...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933098/-reevaluation-for-systematic-reviews-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-injections-for-coronary-disease
#15
Xiu-Ping Yin, Yan-Ming Xie, Xing Liao, Man Luo
To reevaluate the systematic reviews for traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) injections for treating coronary disease, data in four Chinese databases and PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wed of Science OVID from inception until May 2016 were searched. We extracted data according to the AMSTAR and PRISMA checklists to evaluate the methodological quality and reporting characteristics of included literatures. A total of 69 systematic reviews were included, involving 24 TCM injections, which showed certain efficacy in treating coronary disease, and whose main outcome indexes included alleviation of symptoms of angina pectoris and electrocardiogram...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933092/-comparison-of-4-types-of-coronary-heart-disease-model-of-qi-deficiency-and-blood-stasis-syndrome-in-rats
#16
Shuo Huang, Jian-Xun Liu, Lei Li, Bin Yang, Qing Xu, Qiong Wang
This paper was aimed to establish a method for coronary heart disease in rats with Qi-deficiency and blood stasis of the stable by comparing different model establishment methods (L group: ligation of coronary artery, EL group: exercise fatigue combine ligation of coronary artery, DL group: diet combine ligation of coronary artery, DEL group: diet, exercise fatigue combine ligation of coronary artery). After 6 weeks postoperatively, both the method of L (ligation of coronary artery) and DL, EL, DEL (multi-originated information complex) could be successfully established by coronary heart disease model of Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome type in rats...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933081/-recent-advances-of-synthetic-biology-for-production-of-functional-ingredients-in-chinese-materia-medica
#17
Xin-Yao Su, Jian-Ping Xue, Cai-Xia Wang
The functional ingredients in Chinese materia medica are the main active substance for traditional Chinese medicine and most of them are secondary metabolites derivatives. Until now,the main method to obtain those functional ingredients is through direct extraction from the Chinese materia medica. However, the income is very low because of the high extraction costs and the decreased medicinal plants. Synthetic biology technology, as a new and microbial approach, can be able to carry out large-scale production of functional ingredients and greatly ease the shortage of traditional Chinese medicine ingredients...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933076/-strategies-of-elucidation-of-biosynthetic-pathways-of-natural-products
#18
Li-Qiu Zou, Xue-Jun Kuang, Chao Sun, Shi-Lin Chen
Elucidation of the biosynthetic pathways of natural products is not only the major goal of herb genomics, but also the solid foundation of synthetic biology of natural products. Here, this paper reviewed recent advance in this field and put forward strategies to elucidate the biosynthetic pathway of natural products. Firstly, a proposed biosynthetic pathway should be set up based on well-known knowledge about chemical reactions and information on the identified compounds, as well as studies with isotope tracer...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933074/-genomic-research-of-traditional-chinese-medicines-in-vivo-metabolism
#19
Shui-Ming Xiao, Rui Bai, Xiao-Yan Zhang
Gene is the base of in vivo metabolism and effectiveness for traditional Chinese medicines (TCM), and the gene expression, regulation and modification are used as the research directions to perform the TCM multi-component, multi-link and multi-target in vivo metabolism studies, which will improve the research on TCM metabolic proecess, effect target and molecular mechanism. Humans are superorganisms with 1% genes inherited from parents and 99% genes from various parts of the human body, mainly coming from the microorganisms in intestinal flora...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933073/-research-strategy-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-proteomics
#20
Liang Le, Bao-Ping Jiang, Jiang Xu, Ke-Ping Hu, Shi-Lin Chen
The application of proteomics in the research of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is very extensive, and there have been many successful cases. In this paper, the previous studies on the complex system of TCM by using proteomics technology were reviewed, and the authors proposed to set up a special subject on proteomics in TCM, which is called TCM proteomics. In this paper, the research strategies and the future research directions of TCM proteomics were reviewed and discussed, which may provide some ideas for the researchers of TCM proteomics...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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