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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149693/near-infrared-spectroscopy-based-monitoring-of-extraction-processes-of-raw-material-with-the-help-of-dynamic-predictive%C3%A2-modeling
#1
Haixia Wang, Tongchuan Suo, Xiaolin Wu, Yue Zhang, Chunhua Wang, Heshui Yu, Zheng Li
The control of batch-to-batch quality variations remains a challenging task for pharmaceutical industries, e.g., traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) manufacturing. One difficult problem is to produce pharmaceutical products with consistent quality from raw material of large quality variations. In this paper, an integrated methodology combining the near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and dynamic predictive modeling is developed for the monitoring and control of the batch extraction process of licorice. With the spectra data in hand, the initial state of the process is firstly estimated with a state-space model to construct a process monitoring strategy for the early detection of variations induced by the initial process inputs such as raw materials...
November 10, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148594/metabolic-study-of-paeoniflorin-and-total-paeony-glucosides-from-paeoniae-radix-rubra-in-rats-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-sequential-mass-spectrometry-uplc-esi-ms-n
#2
Lijun Zhu, Shanshan Sun, Yanxi Hu, Yufeng Liu
A clear understanding of the metabolism of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is extremely important in their rational clinical application and effective material foundation research. A novel and reliable strategy was performed to find more metabolites of paeoniflorin, determine the metabolites of total paeony glucosides (TPG) by means of determining those metabolites of paeoniflorin, and compare the metabolism differences between paeoniflorin and TPG by intragastric administration. This strategy was characterized as follows: firstly, the rats were divided into two groups (the paeoniflorin group and the TPG group) to find different metabolism mechanism between paeoniflorin and TPG; secondly, UPLC-FT-ICR MS and UPLC-Q-TOF MS(2) were applied to obtain accurate molecular weight and structural information respectively; thirdly, the metabolites were tentatively identified by a combination of data-processing methods including mass defect screening, characteristic neutral loss screening and product ion screening; finally, a comparative study was employed in the metabolism of paeoniflorin and TPG...
November 17, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147938/-application-of-a%C3%A2-new-pain-balm-based-on-tcm
#3
P Groene, J Eisenlohr, A Reither
In the context of an unsuccessful treatment over several years of existing knee pain after various sports injuries, a young, healthy female patient was treated with a novel pain balm based on traditional Chinese medicine. This resulted in a significant improvement in the stimulation and pain conditions without any recognizable local and systemic side effects.
November 16, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147652/identification-of-potent-chloride-intracellular-channel-protein-1-inhibitors-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-through-structure-based-virtual-screening-and-molecular-dynamics-analysis
#4
Wei Wang, Minghui Wan, Dongjiang Liao, Guilin Peng, Xin Xu, Weiqiang Yin, Guixin Guo, Funeng Jiang, Weide Zhong, Jianxing He
Chloride intracellular channel 1 (CLIC1) is involved in the development of most aggressive human tumors, including gastric, colon, lung, liver, and glioblastoma cancers. It has become an attractive new therapeutic target for several types of cancer. In this work, we aim to identify natural products as potent CLIC1 inhibitors from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) database using structure-based virtual screening and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. First, structure-based docking was employed to screen the refined TCM database and the top 500 TCM compounds were obtained and reranked by X-Score...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140496/association-between-use-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-herbal-therapy-and-survival-outcomes-in-patients-with-stage-ii-and-iii-colorectal-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Yun Xu, Jun J Mao, Lingyun Sun, Lin Yang, Jie Li, Yingxu Hao, Huashan Li, Wei Hou, Yuping Chu, Yu Bai, Xiaoqiang Jia, Jinwan Wang, Lin Shen, Ying Zhang, Jianbin Wang, Jianping Liu, Yufei Yang
Background: Chinese cancer patients often use Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbal medicine during or after active cancer treatments. However, little is known about how TCM herbal medicine impacts cancer outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the association between TCM herbal therapy and survival outcomes in patients with stage II or III colorectal cancer. Methods: We conducted an eight-center prospective cohort study in China among patients who had undergone radical resection for stage II and III colorectal cancer...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140491/validation-and-application-of-the-md-anderson-symptom-inventory-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-mdasi-tcm
#6
Zhandong Li, Qiuling Shi, Meng Liu, Liqun Jia, Bin He, Yufei Yang, Jie Liu, Hongsheng Lin, Huei-Kai Lin, Pingping Li, Xin Shelley Wang
Background: The MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) is a brief, yet thorough, patient-reported outcomes measure for assessing the severity of common cancer-related symptoms and their interference with daily functioning. We report the development of an MDASI version tailored for use with Traditional Chinese Medicine in China (the MDASI-TCM). Methods: Chinese-speaking patients with mixed cancer types (n = 317) participated in the study. The development and validation process included four steps: 1) identify candidate TCM-specific items, with input from patients, oncologists, and TCM specialists; 2) eliminate candidate TCM items lacking relevance, based on patient report; 3) psychometrically examine the MDASI-TCM's validity and reliability in cancer patients receiving TCM-based care; and 4) cognitively debrief patients to assess the MDASI-TCM's relevance, understandability, and acceptability...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140413/comparison-of-chemical-constituents-in-scrophulariae-radix-processed-by-different-methods-based-on-uflc-ms-combined-with-multivariate-statistical-analysis
#7
Shengnan Wang, Yujiao Hua, Lisi Zou, Xunhong Liu, Ying Yan, Hui Zhao, Yiyuan Luo, Juanxiu Liu
Scrophulariae Radix is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Primary processing of Scrophulariae Radix is an important link which closely related to the quality of products in this TCM. The aim of this study is to explore the influence of different processing methods on chemical constituents in Scrophulariae Radix. The difference of chemical constituents in Scrophulariae Radix processed by different methods was analyzed by using ultra fast liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry coupled with principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139254/-clinical-analysis-of-cervus-and-cucumis-polypeptide-injection-for-lumbar-vertebrae-diseases-based-on-real-world-hospital-information-system
#8
Ming-Yue Gao, Yan-Ming Xie, Yuan-Yuan Li, Yin Zhang, Yan Zhuang
To analyze the clinical drug use characteristics and medication rules of cervus and cucumis polypeptide injection (CCP injection) for the patients with lumbar vertebra diseases. Based on the electronic medical data of 6 990 patients with CCP injection for lumbar vertebra diseases from 25 first-class hospitals over the whole country from 2004, statistical analysis was conducted for their general information, diagnostic information, orders information, laboratory test information and treatment results. The results showed that the age distribution was highest in patients aged 45 to 64 (3 883, 55...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139249/-clinical-features-analysis-of-qingkailing-injection-for-adolescent-patients-based-on-real-world-his
#9
Li-Zhen Chen, Yan-Ming Xie, Lian-Xin Wang, Yin Zhang, Qun Wang, Ping-Ping Jia, Bo Feng
To explore the clinical application features of Qingkailing injection for adolescent patients. This study was based on the information from the hospitalized patients in 1998-2011 in HIS (hospital information system) of 16 tertiary hospitals in China. 615 adolescent patients with Qingkailing injection were used to investigate the clinical characteristics of Qingkailing injection. Apriori algorithm was adopted to establish the model, and Clementine 12.0 was used for correlation analysis. The results showed that male patients (355 cases) were more than female patients (243 cases); the age of the most patients was under 14 years old, with an average age of 9...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138646/the-characteristics-of-tcm-clinical-trials-a-systematic-review-of-clinicaltrials-gov
#10
REVIEW
Junchao Chen, Jihan Huang, Jordan V Li, Yinghua Lv, Yingchun He, Qingshan Zheng
Objective: The aim of this review is to characterize current status of global TCM clinical trials registered in ClinicalTrials.gov. Methods: We examined all the trials registered within ClinicalTrials.gov up to 25 September 2015, focusing on study interventions to identify TCM-related trials, and extracted 1,270 TCM trials from the data set. Results: Overall, 691 (54.4%) trials were acupuncture, and 454 (35.8%) trials were herbal medicines...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138518/predicted-molecular-targets-and-pathways-for-germacrone-curdione-and-furanodiene-in-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer-using-a-bioinformatics-approach
#11
Qi Kong, Yong Ma, Jie Yu, Xiuping Chen
Germacrone, curdione, and furanodiene have been shown to be useful in the treatment of breast cancer but the pharmacological mechanism of action is unclear. In this paper, we explored a new method to study the molecular network and function of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) herbs and their corresponding ingredients with bioinformatics tools, including PubChem Compound Database, BATMAN-TCM, SystemsDock, Coremine Medical, Gene ontology, and KEGG. Eleven targeted genes/proteins, 4 key pathways, and 10 biological processes were identified to participate in the mechanism of action in treating breast cancer with germacrone, curdione, and furanodiene...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138445/inhibition-activity-of-a-traditional-chinese-herbal-formula-huang-lian-jie-du-tang-and-its-major-components-found-in-its-plasma-profile-on-neuraminidase-1
#12
Xuelin Zhou, Haotian Li, Zhilong Shi, Sijia Gao, Shizhang Wei, Kun Li, Jiabo Wang, Jianyu Li, Ruilin Wang, Man Gong, Yanling Zhao, Xiaohe Xiao
Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT), a traditional formula with four TCM herbs, has been used for hundred years for different diseases. The current study aimed to assess the inhibitory activity of HLJDT against H1N1 neuraminidase (NA-1), and identify potent NA-1 inhibitors from its plasma profile. The in vitro NA-1 study has shown that the water extract of HLJDT potently inhibited NA-1 (IC50 = 112.6 μg/ml; Ki = 55.6 μg/ml) in a competitive mode. The IC50 values of the water extracts of its four herbs were as follows: Coptidis Rhizoma, 96...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138340/phase-i-study-of-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-cells-in-patients-with-egfr-positive-advanced-biliary-tract-cancers
#13
Yelei Guo, Kai-Chao Feng, Yang Liu, Zhiqiang Wu, Hanren Dai, Qing-Ming Yang, Yao Wang, Hejin Jia, Weidong Han
PURPOSE: This study is an expanded and parallel clinical trial of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-specific chimeric antigen receptor-engineered autologous T (CART) cell immunotherapy (NCT01869166) to assess the safety and activity of CART-EGFR cell therapy in EGFR-positive advanced unresectable, relapsed/metastatic biliary tract cancers (BTCs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with EGFR-positive (>50%) advanced unresectable, relapsed/metastatic BTCs were enrolled...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137227/re-balance-of-memory-t-cell-subsets-in-peripheral-blood-from-patients-with-cml-after-tki-treatment
#14
Danlin Yao, Ling Xu, Jiaxiong Tan, Yikai Zhang, Shuai Lu, Mingde Li, Sichun Lu, Lijian Yang, Shaohua Chen, Jie Chen, Jing Lai, Yuhong Lu, Xiuli Wu, Xianfeng Zha, Yangqiu Li
T cell immune surveillance is considered an important host protection process for inhibiting carcinogenesis. The full capacity of T cell immune surveillance is dependent on T cell homeostasis, particularly for central memory T (TCM) cells and stem cell memory T (TSCM) cells. In this study, distribution of T cell subsets in peripheral blood from 12 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and 12 cases with CML in complete remission (CR) was analyzed using a multicolor flow cytometer, and 16 samples from healthy individuals (HIs) served as control...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136777/anti-hypertensive-and-vasodilatory-effects-of-amended-banxia-baizhu-tianma-tang
#15
Chu Shan Tan, Yean Chun Loh, Chiew Hoong Ng, Yung Sing Ch'ng, Mohd Zaini Asmawi, Mariam Ahmad, Mun Fei Yam
Although Banxia Baizhu Tianma Tang (BBT) has been long administered for hypertensive treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the ratio of the herbal components that makes up the formulation has not been optimized with respect to the anti-hypertensive effect that it inherently possesses. A newly amended BBT (ABBT) formulation was developed using the evidence-based approach of orthogonal stimulus-response compatibility model. The ABBT showed enhanced therapeutic effect while maintaining its traditional theoretical approach rooted in TCM...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131246/study-on-the-distribution-of-cd8-memory-t-cell-subsets-and-ifn-%C3%AE-level-during-the-spontaneous-clearance-of-hepatitis-b-virus-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#16
X-J Ma, X-F Chen, W-L Chen, R Chen, J Huang, X-D Luo, J-Y Liao, X-P Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the alteration of CD8+ memory T cell subsets under different immune statuses during the spontaneous clearance of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Chinese patients with chronic HBV infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed Chinese patients with chronic HBV infection including 10 patients with Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg) spontaneous seroconversion, 25 patients with Hepatitis B virus e Antigen (HBeAg) spontaneous seroconversion, 25 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and 25 chronic HBV carriers...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129322/effects-of-replacing-soybean-meal-with-canola-meal-or-treated-canola-meal-on-ruminal-digestion-omasal-nutrient-flow-and-performance-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#17
E M Paula, G A Broderick, M A C Danes, N E Lobos, G I Zanton, A P Faciola
Extrusion treated canola meal (TCM) was produced in an attempt to increase the rumen-undegraded protein fraction of canola meal (CM). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of replacing soybean meal (SBM) with CM or TCM on ruminal digestion, omasal nutrient flow, and performance in lactating dairy cows. To assess performance, 30 multiparous Holstein cows averaging (mean ± SD) 119 ± 23 d in milk and 44 ± 7 kg of milk/d and 15 primiparous cows averaging 121 ± 19 d in milk and 34 ± 6 kg of milk/d were blocked in a randomized complete block design with a 2-wk covariate period and 12-wk experimental period (experiment 1)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128782/evaluation-of-the-triple-code-model-of-numerical-processing-reviewing-past-neuroimaging-and-clinical-findings
#18
REVIEW
Julia Siemann, Franz Petermann
This review reconciles past findings on numerical processing with key assumptions of the most predominant model of arithmetic in the literature, the Triple Code Model (TCM). This is implemented by reporting diverse findings in the literature ranging from behavioral studies on basic arithmetic operations over neuroimaging studies on numerical processing to developmental studies concerned with arithmetic acquisition, with a special focus on developmental dyscalculia (DD). We evaluate whether these studies corroborate the model and discuss possible reasons for contradictory findings...
November 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127135/traditional-chinese-medicine-facilitated-treatments-may-relieve-anxiety-symptoms-during-drug-switching-from-methadone-to-buprenorphine-naloxone-for-treating-opioid-dependence
#19
Kai-Chiang Yu, Han-Ting Wei, Yuh-Hsiang Yeh, Chung-Hua Hsu
This study investigated a 51-year-old married man with a history of heroin dependence who underwent methadone maintenance treatment for 7 years. He received traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)-facilitated treatments and switched from methadone to buprenorphine/naloxone. Strong anxiety symptoms were observed during the initial stage; therefore, we prescribed a combination of Chaihu-Shugan-San, Zhi Bai Di Huang and Chin-Gin-Kuan-Ming decoction as the major herbal synergic regimen to relieve the symptoms of opioid withdrawal, anxiety and insomnia...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126014/evaluation-on-the-concentration-change-of-paeoniflorin-and-glycyrrhizic-acid-in-different-formulations-of-shaoyao-gancao-tang-by-the-tri-level-infrared-macro-fingerprint-spectroscopy-and-the-whole-analysis-method
#20
Aoxue Liu, Jingjuan Wang, Yizhen Guo, Yao Xiao, Yue Wang, Suqin Sun, Jianbo Chen
As a kind of common prescriptions, Shaoyao-Gancao-Tang (SGT) contains two Chinese herbs with four different proportions which have different clinical efficacy because of their various components. In order to investigate the herb-herb interaction mechanisms, we used the method of tri-level infrared macro-fingerprint spectroscopy to evaluate the concentration change of active components of four SGTs in this research. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Second derivative infrared spectroscopy (SD-IR) can recognize the multiple prescriptions directly and simultaneously...
October 31, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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