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Kyung Jin Yun, Hye Ji Kim, Mee Kyoung Kim, Hyuk Sang Kwon, Ki Hyun Baek, Young Jung Roh, Ki Ho Song
BACKGROUND: Some patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) do not develop diabetic kidney disease (DKD) despite the presence of advanced diabetic retinopathy (DR). We aimed to investigate the presence of DKD and its risk factors in patients with T2DM and advanced DR. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 317 patients with T2DM and advanced DR. The phenotypes of DKD were divided into three groups according to the urine albumin/creatinine ratio (uACR, mg/g) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, mL/min/1...
September 20, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
Ellen F Carney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Giuseppina T Russo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Pacilli, Antonio Ceriello, Stefano Genovese, Pietro Guida, Carlo Giorda, Domenico Cucinotta, Roberto Pontremoli, Paola Fioretto
OBJECTIVE: Despite the achievement of blood glucose, blood pressure, and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) targets, the risk for diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains high among patients with type 2 diabetes. This observational retrospective study investigated whether diabetic dyslipidemia-that is, high triglyceride (TG) and/or low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels-contributes to this high residual risk for DKD. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Among a total of 47,177 patients attending Italian diabetes centers, 15,362 patients with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1...
October 4, 2016: Diabetes Care
Roberto Pecoits-Filho
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most frequent and dangerous complications of DM2, affecting about one-third of the patients. DKD results in increased hospitalizations and mortality rates, especially due to cardiovascular complications. This high burden of kidney disease is mainly due to the increasing complexity of in- outpatient care for patients with DM. There is a strikingly complex interaction of kidney dysfunction with many aspects of diabetes care, such as redefinition of targets of treatment, interactions of traditional and non-traditional risk factors, and pharmacological issues related to pharmacokinetic and side effects of drugs ...
October 4, 2016: Panminerva Medica
Xiu Hong Yang, Yu Pan, Xiao Li Zhan, Bao Long Zhang, Li Li Guo, Hui Min Jin
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), extracted from green tea, has been shown to have antioxidative activity. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of EGCG on the kidney function in db/db mice and also tried to investigate the underlying mechanism of the renoprotective effects of EGCG in both animals and cells. EGCG treatment could decrease the level of urinary protein, 8-iso-PGF2a, and Ang II. Moreover, EGCG could also change the level of several parameters associated with oxidative stress. In addition, the protein expression levels of AT-1R, p22-phox, p47-phox, p-ERK1/2, p-p38 MAPK, TGF-β1, and α-SMA in diabetic db/db mice were upregulated, and all of these symptoms were downregulated with the treatment of EGCG at 50 and 100 mg/kg/d...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Yuying Wang, Wen Peng, Xiaoxue Zhang, Huibo Qiao, Li Wang, Zhigang Xu, Chenguang Wu
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the associations between the insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphisms in the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene and susceptibility to diabetic kidney disease (DKD); and the efficacy of valsartan in reducing the urine protein in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 128 T2DM patients in this study, including 54 cases with DKD (DKD+) and 74 controls (DKD-). The ACE polymorphism was assayed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the genotype distribution and allele frequency were analyzed...
July 2016: Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System: JRAAS
Lea Duvnjak, Matea Nikolac Perković, Kristina Blaslov
AIMS: The inability of kidneys to prevent urinary protein leakage represents the earliest sign of renal damage in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Recent data suggest the possible nephroprotective role of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. We aimed to investigate whether serum DPP-4 activity is associated with urine albumin excretion (UAE) in patients with type 1 diabetes (type 1 DM). METHODS: DPP-4 activity and UAE measurement were performed in 113 patients with type 1 DM and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) within normal range...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Petter Bjornstad, Marko Škrtić, Yuliya Lytvyn, David M Maahs, Richard J Johnson, David Z I Cherney
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. A major challenge in preventing DKD is the difficulty in identifying high-risk patients at an early, pre-clinical stage. Albuminuria and eGFR as measures of renal function in DKD research and clinical practice are limited by regression of one-third of patients with microalbuminuria to normoalbuminuria and eGFR is biased and imprecise in the normal-elevated range. Moreover, existing methods that are used to assess renal function do not give detailed insight into the location of the renal hemodynamic effects of pharmacological agents at the segmental level...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Sarah J Glastras, Hui Chen, Rachel Teh, Rachel T McGrath, Jason Chen, Carol A Pollock, Muh Geot Wong, Sonia Saad
Multiple rodent models have been used to study diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The purpose of the present study was to compare models of diabetes and obesity-induced metabolic syndrome and determine differences in renal outcomes. C57BL/6 male mice were fed either normal chow or high fat diet (HFD). At postnatal week 8, chow-fed mice were randomly assigned to low-dose streptozotocin (STZ, 55 mg/kg/day, five consecutive days) or vehicle control, whereas HFD-fed mice were given either one high-dose of STZ (100 mg/kg) or vehicle control...
2016: PloS One
Raimund Pichler, Maryam Afkarian, Brad P Dieter, Katherine R Tuttle
Increasing incidences of obesity and diabetes have made diabetic kidney disease (DKD) the leading cause of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease worldwide. Despite current pharmacological treatments, including strategies for optimizing glycemic control and inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system, DKD still makes up almost half of all cases of end-stage renal disease in the United States. Compelling and mounting evidence has clearly demonstrated that immunity and inflammation play a paramount role in the pathogenesis of DKD...
August 24, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Nancy Helou, Andrew Dwyer, Maya Shaha, Anne Zanchi
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of diabetes poses significant challenges to healthcare systems around the world. Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is becoming a global health concern because it is a progressive disease associated with major health complications and increased health costs. The treatment goals for DKD are to slow the progression of the renal disease and prevent cardiovascular events. Accordingly, patients are expected to adhere to prescribed treatments and manage a wide range of daily self-care activities...
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Chih-Hung Lin, Yi-Cheng Chang, Lee-Ming Chuang
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most common diabetic complications, as well as the leading cause of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease around the world. To prevent the dreadful consequence, development of new assays for diagnostic of DKD has always been the priority in the research field of diabetic complications. At present, urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) are the standard methods for assessing glomerular damage and renal function changes in clinical practice...
July 25, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
Brad P Dieter, Sterling M McPherson, Maryam Afkarian, Ian H de Boer, Rajnish Mehrotra, Robert Short, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Radica Z Alicic, Rick L Meek, Katherine R Tuttle
AIMS: To determine if serum levels of serum amyloid A (SAA) predict death and end-stage renal disease in a cohort of people with diabetic kidney disease. METHODS: In a longitudinal cohort study of 135 participants with type 2 diabetes and diabetic kidney disease, serum samples were assayed for SAA. Censored time-to-event analyses in Cox-proportional hazard models were utilized to assess SAA as a predictor of the primary outcome of death and end-stage renal disease...
November 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Usha Panchapakesan, Carol Pollock
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is escalating and is the major cause of end stage kidney failure. There is increasing evidence to support the role of epigenetic factors and metabolic memory in linking the environmental and genetic causes of this disease. Although our understanding of this disease has improved, there has been no significant efficacious therapeutic translation in the last decade. Current sequencing technology has allowed interrogation of the human transcriptome. It is evident that although approximately 80% of the genome is transcribed, only 1-2% is read and coded into protein...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Adriana Klimentová, Ivana Ságová, Dana Prídavková, Daniela Kantárová, Pavol Makovický, Jurina Sadloňová, Marián Mokáň
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is the most common cause of end stage kidney disease in the developed countries. Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) develops with deteriorating of the renal functions. Diabetic patients on hemodialysis are characterized by low bone turnover, higher prevalence of severe and progressive vascular calcification with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The main factor which causes vascular calcification in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is poor glycemic control...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Sanaa Eissa, Marwa Matboli, Rowaida Aboushahba, Miram M Bekhet, Yasser Soliman
BACKGROUND: A potential approach adopted in the current study is to design a panel based on in silico retrieval of novel miRNAs related to diabetic kidney disease and to evaluate its usefulness in disease diagnosis. PATIENT AND METHODS: In the current study, we measured the differential expression of a 6 miRNA panel in urine pellet and exosome in an initial screening group using syber green-based PCR array. Also, we performed pathway enrichment analysis of the key target genes of these miRNAs...
November 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Hugo Abensur, Carolina C R Betônico, Alisson Diego Machado, Erika B Parente, Márcia Queiroz, João Eduardo Nunes Salles, Silvia Titan, Sergio Vencio
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) globally affects 18-20 % of adults over the age of 65 years. Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most frequent and dangerous complications of DM2, affecting about one-third of the patients with DM2. In addition to the pancreas, adipocytes, liver, and intestines, the kidneys also play an important role in glycemic control, particularly due to renal contribution to gluconeogenesis and tubular reabsorption of glucose. METHODS: In this review article, based on a report of discussions from an interdisciplinary group of experts in the areas of endocrinology, diabetology and nephrology, we detail the relationship between diabetes and kidney disease, addressing the care in the diagnosis, the difficulties in achieving glycemic control and possible treatments that can be applied according to the different degrees of impairment...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Renu Regunathan-Shenk, Farah N Hussain, Anjali Ganda
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are growing public health issues associated with significant morbidity and mortality around the world. In the United States, Black and Hispanic minorities suffer higher rates of CKD and ESRD, mostly attributed to Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD). DKD is the leading cause of both CKD and ESRD in the developed world and disproportionately affects minority populations such as African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Aboriginal Americans in comparison with Whites...
July 29, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Xin Yang, Bingxuan Zhang, Xiaoguang Lu, Meihua Yan, Yumin Wen, Tingting Zhao, Ping Li
BACKGROUND: Tangshen Formula (TSF) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) is expressed in various tissues, including the kidney, where it is known as urinary L-FABP. Other studies demonstrated that urinary L-FABP may be a useful biomarker for monitoring DKD. This post-hoc analysis and cross-sectional study evaluated the changes in urinary L-FABP in DKD patients treated with TSF and conventional medicine...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Pamela Piscitelli, Carlo Giorda, Antonio Ceriello, Stefano Genovese, Giuseppina Russo, Pietro Guida, Paola Fioretto, Roberto Pontremoli
OBJECTIVE: Antihypertensive treatment and blood pressure (BP) reduction are known to retard the progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) but long-term real-life clinical data on the incidence of DKD are lacking. In this observational, prospective cohort study, we investigated the association between achievement and maintenance of recommended BP values and the incidence of DKD and its components over a 4-year follow-up in patients with T2DM and hypertension from the Italian Medical Diabetologists registry...
October 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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