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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045956/-co-morbidity-of-vasovagal-syncope-and-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-with-allergic-diseases-in-children
#1
Y Liao, Q Y Zhang, H X Li, Y L Wang, P Liu, J B DU
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics of the co-morbidity of vasovagal syncope (VVS) and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) with allergic diseases in children. METHODS: A re-trospective analysis was launched to summarize the clinical data of children with VVS and POTS. They were divided into allergic group and non-allergic group according to the history of allergic diseases. The participants' clinical characteristics were compared between allergic group and non-allergic group using independent sample t test or rank sum test; composition comparisons were completed by Chi-square test...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045952/-progress-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-syncope-in-children
#2
W R Xu, Y Liao, H F Jin, Q Y Zhang, C S Tang, J B DU
Syncope is a common emergency of children and adolescents, which has serious influence on the quality of life. Neurally-mediated syncope, including postural tachycardia syndrome, vasovagal syncope, orthostatic hypotension and orthostatic hypertension, is the main cause of syncope in children and adolescents. The main manifestations of neurally-mediated syncope are diverse, such as dizziness, headache, chest tightness, chest pain, pale complexion, fatigue, pre-syncope and syncope. Although the clinical manifestations are similar, each subtype of syncope has its hemodynamic feature and optimal treatment option...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045469/incident-experience-predicts-freezing-like-responses-in-firefighters
#3
Verena Ly, Linsey Roijendijk, Hans Hazebroek, Clemon Tonnaer, Muriel A Hagenaars
Freezing is a defensive response to acute stress that is associated with coping and alterations in attentional processing. However, it remains unclear whether individuals in high risk professions, who are skilled at making rapid decisions in emergency situations, show altered threat-induced freezing. Here we investigated the effect of incident experience in a high risk profession on freezing. Additionally, we explored whether any effect of incident experience on freezing would be different for profession-related and -unrelated threat...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044479/the-strategies-to-reduce-injuries-and-develop-confidence-in-elders-intervention-falls-risk-factor-assessment-and-management-patient-engagement-and-nurse-co-management
#4
David B Reuben, Priscilla Gazarian, Neil Alexander, Katy Araujo, Dorothy Baker, Jonathan F Bean, Chad Boult, Peter Charpentier, Pamela Duncan, Nancy Latham, Rosanne M Leipzig, Lisa M Quintiliani, Thomas Storer, Siobhan McMahon
In response to the epidemic of falls and serious falls-related injuries in older persons, in 2014, the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) and the National Institute on Aging funded a pragmatic trial, Strategies to Reduce Injuries and Develop confidence in Elders (STRIDE) to compare the effects of a multifactorial intervention with those of an enhanced usual care intervention. The STRIDE multifactorial intervention consists of five major components that registered nurses deliver in the role of falls care managers, co-managing fall risk in partnership with patients and their primary care providers (PCPs)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042214/synthetic-cannabinoid-am2201-induces-seizures-involvement-of-cannabinoid-cb1-receptors-and-glutamatergic-transmission
#5
Masahiko Funada, Mika Takebayashi-Ohsawa
Abuse of synthetic cannabinoids is a serious social problem worldwide. Intentional ingestion of synthetic cannabinoids can cause severe toxicity, including seizures. Here we investigated the effects of acute administration of synthetic cannabinoids on the induction of epileptic seizures by monitoring electroencephalographic activity in freely moving mice. The synthetic cannabinoid, AM2201, induced abnormal, high-amplitude (>2-fold baseline amplitude), sharp-wave activity. The abnormal spike-wave discharges were accompanied by epileptiform behavior: rigid posture, tail extension, rearing with forepaws extended, jumping, and intermittent tonic-clonic jerking movements...
October 14, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042171/development-of-a-computerized-adaptive-testing-system-of-the-functional-assessment-of-stroke
#6
Gong-Hong Lin, Yi-Jing Huang, Shih-Chieh Lee, Sheau-Ling Huang, Ching-Lin Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: To develop a computerized adaptive testing system of the Functional Assessment of Stroke (CAT-FAS) to assess upper- and lower-extremity (UE/LE) motor function, postural control, and basic activities of daily living (BADL) with optimal efficiency and without sacrificing psychometric properties in patients with stroke. DESIGN: Simulation study using the data from a previous study. Participants were assessed with the UE/LE subscales of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (UE-FM/LE-FM), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke patients (PASS), and Barthel Index (BI) at 14- and 30-day after stroke...
October 14, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041501/measurement-of-spectacle-lenses-using-wavefront-aberration-in-real-view-condition
#7
Zhigang Jia, Kai Xu, Fengzhou Fang
A wavefront aberration analysis method for measuring spectacle lenses in real-view condition is proposed and verified using experimental apparatus based on the eye-rotation model. Two strategies-feedback positioning and posture adjustment of incident beams and Hartmann-Shack wavefront-aberration sensor calibration at each measurement subarea-are applied to improve measurement accuracy. By simulating the real-view condition, wavefront aberration and user power on the vertex sphere can be obtained. Comparison experiments demonstrate the validity and accuracy of the proposed method and experimental apparatus...
September 4, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040225/validation-of-a-novel-device-to-measure-and-provide-feedback-on-sedentary-behavior
#8
Jason M R Gill, Nabeha S A Hawari, Douglas J Maxwell, David Louden, Nikos Mourselas, Christopher Bunn, Cindy M Gray, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Kate Hunt, Anne Martin, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie
PURPOSE: Pedometers, which enable self-monitoring of step counts, are effective in facilitating increases in physical activity. Similar devices which provide real-time feedback on sedentary (sitting) behavior are limited. This study aimed to develop and validate a novel device - the SitFIT - which could accurately measure and provide feedback on sedentary behavior and physical activity. METHODS: The SitFIT is a tri-axial accelerometer, developed by PAL Technologies, which is worn in the front trouser pocket...
October 16, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039597/whole%C3%A2-genome-scale-identification-of-methylation-markers-specific-for-cerebral-palsy-in-monozygotic-discordant-twins
#9
Zhe Jiao, Zhimei Jiang, Jingtao Wang, Hui Xu, Qiang Zhang, Shuang Liu, Ning Du, Yuanyuan Zhang, Hongbin Qiu
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a severe type of brain disease affecting movement and posture. Although CP has strong genetic and environmental components, considerable differences in the methylome between monozygotic (MZ) twins discordant for CP implicates epigenetic contributors as well. In order to determine the differences in methylation in patients with CP without interference of the interindividual genomic variation, four pairs of MZ twins discordant for CP were profiled for DNA methylation changes using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing on the genomic‑scale...
October 17, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037796/salivary-cortisol-levels-predict-therapeutic-response-to-a-sleep-promoting-method-in-children-with-postural-tachycardia-syndrome
#10
Jing Lin, Huacai Zhao, Jie Shen, Fuyong Jiao
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of salivary cortisol concentrations in predicting the efficacy of sleep-promoting treatment in children with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS). STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study involved 40 children with POTS and 20 healthy children (controls). POTS was diagnosed using the head-up or head-up tilt test. Patients with POTS received a sleep-promoting treatment: >8 hours of sleep every night and a midday nap in an appropriate environment; no drinking water or exercising before bedtime; and urination before bedtime...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037786/changes-in-postural-sway-after-a-single-global-postural-reeducation-session-in-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Carlos Lozano-Quijada, Emilio J Poveda-Pagán, José V Segura-Heras, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, María J Prieto-Castelló
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a single session of global postural reeducation (GPR) in postural sway in young adult university students who use data visualization screens. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with 2 parallel groups was performed. Sixty-four subjects were randomized in the experimental group (12 men and 20 women) who underwent the GPR session, and a control group (13 men and 19 women) that did not receive any intervention was included...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037657/procedures-of-assessment-on-the-quantification-of-thoracic-kyphosis-and-lumbar-lordosis-by-radiography-and-photogrammetry-a-literature-review
#12
Alessandra Beggiato Porto, Victor Hugo Alves Okazaki
The quantification of thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis can be assessed in different ways; among them radiography and photogrammetry. However, the assessment procedures are not consistent in the literature for either method. The objective of this study was to conduct a literature review about postural assessment through radiography and photogrammetry, for delineating the procedures for both methods. In total 38 studies were selected by an online search in the MEDLINE and LILACS databases with the keywords: radiograph and posture, postural alignment, photogrammetry or photometry or biophotogrammetry...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037645/postural-insoles-on-gait-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-randomized-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#13
Hugo Pasin Neto, Luanda André Collange Grecco, Luis Alfredo Braun Ferreira, Natália Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Manuela Galli, Claudia Santos Oliveira
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of postural insoles on gait performance in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Twenty four children between four and 12 years of age were randomly allocated either the control group (n = 12) or experimental group (n = 12). The control group used placebo insoles and the experimental group used postural insoles. Three-dimensional gait analysis was performed under three conditions: barefoot, in shoes and in shoes with insoles. Three evaluations were carried out: 1)immediately following placement of the insoles; 2)after three months of insole use; and 3)one month after suspending insole use...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037642/rebound-boots-change-lower-limb-muscle-activation-and-kinematics-during-different-fitness-exercises
#14
Mateus Rossato, Rodolfo André Dellagrana, Juliane Cristine Lopes Dos Santos, Felipe P Carpes, Rodrigo Ghedini Gheller, De Angelys de Ceselles Seixas da Silva, Ewertton de Souza Bezerra, João Otacílio Libardoni Dos Santos
The purpose of this study was to evaluate electromyography and kinematic parameters of the lower limbs using rebound boots (RB) and barefoot during a gym workout. This information can be helpful to practitioners to schedule rehabilitation and training programs. Ten women (25 ± 9 years) volunteered for the study; inclusion criteria were as follows: subjects must have experienced the use of RB and the analyzed exercises for at least 6 months, and have no previous injuries in the lower limbs. Seven exercises were performed for 30 s with the RB and subsequently barefoot...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037631/the-acute-effect-of-bowen-therapy-on-pressure-pain-thresholds-and-postural-sway-in-healthy-subjects
#15
Gonçalo J S Félix, Lisa Black, Mário Rodrigues, Anabela G Silva
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to determine the immediate effect of Bowen Therapy in pressure pain threshold and postural sway of healthy individuals. DESIGN: Crossover, randomized, and double blinded study. SETTING: University. PARTICIPANTS: Participants aged 18 years old or over, naïve to Bowen therapy were recruited among university students. An a priori sample size calculation determined that 34 participants were needed...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037628/attention-demand-effects-on-respiration-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#16
Babak Goosheh, Majid Ravanbakhsh, Mahyar Salavati, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Behnam Akhbari, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
Increasing attention is being drawn towards the involvement of systems other than the musculoskeletal one in the presence of low back pain (LBP). Recent evidence suggests both cognitive and respiratory functions to be affected in LBP patients. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of performance of a cognitive task on the respiratory function in LBP patients with that in control participants. Capnography and spirometry parameters of 48 participants (24 in each group) were assessed under 3 cognitive loading conditions (no, easy and difficult cognitive task)...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037412/re-evaluating-the-diets-of-morotopithecus-bishopi-and-afropithecus-turkanensis-an-anterior-dentognathic-perspective
#17
Andrew S Deane
Afropithecus turkanensis (17-17.5 Ma; Kalodirr, Buluk, Locherangan, Moruorot, Nabwal Hills; Kenya) and Morotopithecus bishopi (20.6 Ma; Moroto II; Uganda) are both large-bodied catarrhines from the early Miocene of eastern Africa with relatively primitive cranial and postcanine dental morphology. They are primarily differentiated by a temporal separation of ∼3.6 million years and by postcranial samples suggesting that M. bishopi was capable of orthograde postures and below-branch arboreality, while A. turkanensis was most likely a pronograde quadruped...
November 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037379/thermoregulatory-behavior-and-orientation-preference-in-bearded-dragons
#18
Ian R G Black, Glenn J Tattersall
The regulation of body temperature is a critical function for animals. Although reliant on ambient temperature as a heat source, reptiles, and especially lizards, make use of multiple voluntary and involuntary behaviors to thermoregulate, including postural changes in body orientation, either toward or away from solar sources of heat. This thermal orientation may also result from a thermoregulatory drive to maintain precise control over cranial temperatures or a rostrally-driven sensory bias. The purpose of this work was to examine thermal orientation behavior in adult and neonatal bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps), to ascertain its prevalence across different life stages within a laboratory situation and its interaction with behavioral thermoregulation...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037369/ambient-temperature-and-humidity-modulate-the-behavioural-thermoregulation-of-a-small-arboreal-mammal-callicebus-bernhardi
#19
Karine G D Lopes, Júlio César Bicca-Marques
Maintaining a constant body temperature is critical to the proper functioning of metabolic reactions. Behavioural thermoregulation strategies may minimize the cost of energetic balance when an animal is outside its thermoneutral zone. We investigated whether ambient temperature and relative air humidity influence the use of behavioural strategies by a group of Prince Bernhard's titi monkeys (Callicebus bernhardi) living in a forest fragment. We monitored a social group composed of four individuals (an adult couple and two juveniles) for 1010h from March to September 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037335/-catatonia-and-delirium-syndromes-that-may-converge-in-the-neuropsychiatric-patient
#20
Andrés Felipe Pérez-González, Mariana Espinola-Nadurille, Jesús Ramírez-Bermúdez
INTRODUCTION: Catatonia and delirium are two different and independent syndromes. Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome associated with a variety of diseases of different medical causes and is characterised by lack of activity, induction of passive postures against gravity, opposition or absence of response to external stimuli, waxy flexibility, stereotypies, mannerisms and echophenomena. Delirium is characterised by consciousness and cognitive alterations, mainly attention and orientation and usually of acute onset, which tend to fluctuate during the day and with evidence that the alteration is a direct physiological consequence of a disease, intoxication or substance withdrawal...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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