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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341395/health-of-southern-tasmanian-4-to-6-year-old-children-in-out-of-home-care-compared-to-peers
#1
Marie Rauter, Anagha Jayakar, Tom Clemens, Zaharenia Galanos, Louise Newbery, Andrew Whelan
AIM: To compare the health of 4- to 6-year-old children in out-of-home care (OOHC) in Southern Tasmania with their peers. METHODS: Demographic and health data collection and prospective health assessment of all 4- to 6-year olds in OOHC in Southern Tasmania on 30 August 2011 was undertaken. Data were compared to Tasmanian and/or Australian peers. RESULTS: A total of 109 of 129 children aged 4 to 6 years were included in the study. Time in OOHC was on average 38 (range 0-76) months...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341385/biological-and-behavioral-correlates-of-body-weight-status-among-rural-northeast-brazilian-schoolchildren
#2
Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, Marcos André Moura Dos Santos, Marcelus Brito Almeida, Isabele Goes Nobre, Gabriela Goes Nobre, Wylla Tatiana Ferreira E Silva, Thayse Natacha Gomes, José António Ribeiro Maia, Carol Góis Leandro
OBJECTIVES: The increase in the prevalence of overweight/obesity in youth is a public health problem worldwide; however, few studies have investigated its prevalence and correlates in children from the Brazilian Northeast region rural zone. The purpose of this study was (1) to estimate the prevalence of children's weight status according to sex, age, and birth weight categories; and (2) to investigate the links between biological and behavioral factors and weight categories. METHODS: The sample comprises 501 children (248 girls), aged 7-10 years, classified as low weight, normal weight, overweight, and obese using body mass index cut-points...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341046/reduced-growth-hormone-secretion-is-associated-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-obese-children
#3
Shuang Liang, Zhen Yu, Xiaobo Song, Yu Wang, Meng Li, Jiang Xue
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between arginine-levodopa-induced growth hormone (GH) secretion and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese children. This study includes a total of 84 obese and 43 normal weight children. The obese subjects are divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of NAFLD. Clinical examination, anthropometric and laboratory examinations, and liver ultrasonography are assessed for all participants. The obese group had significantly lower peak stimulated GH (p<0...
January 16, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340906/an-exploratory-study-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-obesity-and-dieting-proneness
#4
Elizabeth A Claydon, Keith J Zullig, Christa L Lilly, Stephanie C Zerwas, Danielle M Davidov, Lesley Cottrell, Marney A White
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research exploring individuals' memories of parental dieting behavior, engagement in "fat talk", or criticism of weight or eating behavior in childhood. This exploratory study utilized a community sample to further characterize the retrospective report of parenting dieting behavior. METHODS: A total of 507 participants (78.1% females; 20.7% males; and 1.2% transgender) were recruited to participate in an online, self-administered survey...
January 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339565/a-home-visiting-parenting-program-and-child-obesity-a-randomized-trial
#5
Monica Roosa Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Margaret L Holland, Arietta Slade, Nancy Close, Linda C Mayes
BACKGROUND: Young children living in historically marginalized families are at risk for becoming adolescents with obesity and subsequently adults with increased obesity-related morbidities. These risks are particularly acute for Hispanic children. We hypothesized that the prevention-focused, socioecological approach of the "Minding the Baby" (MTB) home visiting program might decrease the rate of childhood overweight and obesity early in life. METHODS: This study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study in which we include data collected during 2 phases of the MTB randomized controlled trial...
January 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338950/sugar-sweetened-beverage-and-water-intake-in-relation-to-diet-quality-in-u-s-children
#6
Cindy W Leung, S Gemma DiMatteo, Wendi A Gosliner, Lorrene D Ritchie
INTRODUCTION: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major contributor to children's added sugar consumption. This study examines whether children's SSB and water intakes are associated with diet quality and total energy intake. METHODS: Using data on children aged 2-18 years from the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, linear regression models were used to analyze SSB and water intake in relation to Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) scores and total energy intake...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338753/examining-within-and-across-day-relationships-between-transient-and-chronic-stress-and-parent-food-related-parenting-practices-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population-stress-types-and-food-related-parenting-practices
#7
Jerica M Berge, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Angela Fertig, Scott Crow, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Michael Miner
BACKGROUND: Although prior research suggests that stress may play a role in parent's use of food-related parenting practices, it is unclear whether certain types of stress (e.g., transient, chronic) result in different food-related parenting practices. Identifying whether and how transient (i.e., momentary; parent/child conflict) and chronic (i.e., long-term; unemployment >6 months) sources of stress are related to parent food-related parenting practices is important with regard to childhood obesity...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337407/insufficient-sleep-syndrome-an-unrecognized-but-important-clinical-entity
#8
Jun Kohyama, Yuki Anzai, Makoto Ono, Ai Kishino, Keita Tamanuki, Kazuma Takada, Kento Inoue, Maho Horiuchi, Yoshiho Hatai
BACKGROUND: In the Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Centre, a sleep clinic for adults and children was established in August 2012. As few sleep clinics are available in Japan that are specifically for children, this clinic provides the opportunity to provide data on child patients who have been suffering from sleep problems and who visited the sleep clinic. METHODS: Records of patients who visited the sleep clinic at the Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Centre at the age of 20 years or younger on their first visit were retrospectively examined, and their initial and final diagnoses were examined...
January 16, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337278/effects-of-hunger-state-on-the-brain-responses-to-food-cues-across-the-life-span
#9
L Charbonnier, F van Meer, A M Johnstone, D Crabtree, W Buosi, Y Manios, O Androutsos, A Giannopoulou, M A Viergever, P A M Smeets
The abundant exposure to food cues in our environment is one of the main drivers of overconsumption. Food evaluation is important for the regulation of food intake by the brain and it's interaction with hunger state. Children are especially susceptible to food cues. Understanding the mechanisms behind this regulation in healthy individuals across the life span can help to elucidate the mechanisms underlying overconsumption and aid the development of future obesity prevention strategies. Few functional neuroimaging studies have been done in children and elderly...
January 11, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336003/prevalence-of-pre-school-children-for-overweight-obesity-in-turkey
#10
Fatih Santas, Gulcan Santas
BACKGROUND: Most of the studies and interventions are targeted to address undernutrition, but childhood obesity has become a silent killer among children. Developing countries, including Turkey, could recognize the importance of the issue now and have begun to discuss the necessity of studies on this subject. Therefore, this study aims to examine the prevalence of obesity among pre-school children in Turkey. METHODS: The data source of this study is the Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS)-2013...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335612/wrist-circumference-is-associated-with-increased-systolic-blood-pressure-in-children-with-overweight-obesity
#11
Simona Zampetti, Giuseppe Campagna, Federica Lucantoni, Lidia Marandola, Luca D'Onofrio, Claudio Chiesa, Lucia Pacifico, Andrea Vania, Raffaella Buzzetti, Gaetano Leto
Wrist circumference is a clinical marker for insulin-resistance in overweight/obese children and adolescents. Insulin resistance is considered a major determinant of increased vascular resistance and hypertension. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between wrist circumference and systolic (S) and diastolic (D) blood pressure (BP) in a population of overweight/obese children and adolescents. A population of 1133 overweight/obese children and adolescents (n = 1133) were consecutively enrolled...
January 15, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334983/an-individually-tailored-family-centered-intervention-for-pediatric-obesity-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-type-ii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-raising-healthy-children-study
#12
Justin D Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C Atkins, Shrikanth S Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J Grimm, Thomas J Dishion, Anne M Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K Meachum, Emily Winslow, Meg M Bruening
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the possibility of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Family-based behavioral interventions are an underutilized, evidence-based approach that have been found to significantly prevent excess weight gain and obesity in children and adolescents. Poor program availability, low participation rates, and non-adherence are noted barriers to positive outcomes...
January 15, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334972/community-readiness-assessment-for-obesity-research-pilot-implementation-of-the-healthier-families-programme
#13
Leah A Teeters, William J Heerman, David Schlundt, Dawn Harris, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the development of a systematic approach to assess for community readiness prior to implementation of a behavioural intervention for childhood obesity. Using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), we developed research tools to evaluate local community centres' organisational readiness and their capacity to implement the intervention. METHODS: Four community Parks and Recreation centres from different states expressed interest in piloting an approach for dissemination and implementation of an evidence-based obesity prevention program for families with young children (Healthier Families)...
January 15, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334960/arsenic-exposure-and-risk-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-among-u-s-adolescents-and-adults-an-association-modified-by-race-ethnicity-nhanes-2005-2014
#14
Jennifer K Frediani, Eric A Naioti, Miriam B Vos, Janet Figueroa, Carmen J Marsit, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: While associated with obesity, the cause of the rapid rise in prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children, which is highest among Hispanics, is not well understood. Animal experiments have demonstrated that arsenic exposure contributes to liver injury. Our objective was to examine the association between arsenic exposure and NAFLD in humans and to determine if race/ethnicity modifies the association. METHODS: Urinary inorganic arsenic concentrations among those ≥12 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2014 were used to assess the cross-sectional association with serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, a marker of liver dysfunction...
January 15, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334705/-gestational-weight-gain-and-optimal-ranges-in-chinese-mothers-giving-singleton-and-full-term-births-in-2013
#15
J Wang, Y F Duan, X H Pang, S Jiang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze the status of gestational weight gain (GWG) among Chinese mothers who gave singleton and full-term births, and to look at optimal GWG ranges. Methods: In 2013, using the multi-stage stratified and population proportional cluster sampling method, we investigated 8 323 mother-child pairs at their 0-24 months postpartum from 55 counties (cities/districts) of 30 provinces (except Tibet) in mainland China. Questionnaire was used to collect data on body weight before pregnancy and delivery, diseases during gestation, hemorrhage or not at postpartum, child birth weight and length, and other information about pregnant outcomes...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333826/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-pediatric-clinical-practice
#16
Gustavo Cediel, Johanna Pacheco-Acosta, Carlos CastiUo-Durdn
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D research suggests it has a role in disorders other than bone metabolism. OBJECTIVE: To update the information on vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in pediatric clinical disorders. METHODS: Search in virtual libraries, giving priority to clinical and longitudinal studies and meta-analyses on VDD in the pediatric age group published in the past 20 years. The terms "vitamin D deficiency", "children and adolescents" (both in Spanish and English) were used as search descriptors...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333817/anthropometric-and-biochemical-assessment-of-nutritional-status-and-dietary-intake-in-school-children-aged-6-14-years-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina
#17
Lorena Lázaro Cuesta, Analía Rearte, Sergio Rodríguez, Melina Niglia, Horacio Scipioni, Diego Rodríguez, Rosalía Salinas, Claudia Sosa, Stella Rasse
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic. School age and adolescence are critical stages for the implementation of eating and lifestyle habits. OBJECTIVE: To assess anthropometric and biochemical assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake in children, their relationship with socioeconomic factors and georeferencing. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in schoolchildren aged 6-14 years from the District of General Pueyrredon, during August-November 2013...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333813/body-composition-and-energy-expenditure-in-a-population-of-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele
#18
Carolina Caminiti, Carola Saure, Julieta Weglinski, Fernanda de Castro, Liliana Campmany
INTRODUCTION: Myelomeningocele is a congenital defect that occurs when the neural tube fails to close completely. It causes body composition alterations and a high prevalence of obesity. It is difficult to detect the most adequate indicator for a nutritional diagnosis due to the impossibility of recording accurate anthropometric measurements. OBJECTIVE: To describe body composition, resting energy expenditure and metabolic disorders in a population of patients with myelomeningocele managed at "Hospital Garrahan" by comparing obese patients with myelomeningocele and a control population with multifactorial obesity...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#19
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333644/school-lunch-consumption-among-3-food-service-providers-in-new-orleans
#20
Melanie Canterberry, Samantha Francois, Taslim van Hattum, Lindsey Rudov, Thomas W Carton
BACKGROUND: Louisiana has one of the highest rates of overweight and obese children in the United States. The Healthy School Food Collaborative (HSFC) was created to allow New Orleans's schools to select their own healthy school Food Service Provider (FSP) with requirements for higher nutritional standards than traditional options. The goal of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether HSFC membership was associated with lunch consumption rates in elementary school children. METHODS: An 8-week plate waste study examining 18,070 trays of food among fourth and fifth graders was conducted...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
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