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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531776/the-nutritional-value-of-food-service-meals-ordered-by-hospitalized-children
#1
Jeannie S Huang, Stanford Chun, Christopher Cheung, Linda Poon, Laura Terrones
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: US hospitals routinely provide food to hospitalized children. The nutritional content of provided foods has not been evaluated. We performed our study to examine meal orders of hospitalized youth and determine whether the nutritional contents of ordered meals meet dietary guidelines. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation among hospitalized youth ≥1 y receiving all nutritional intake by mouth and not on a clear liquid diet. Meal orders from hospitalized youth were analyzed for nutritional content...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531774/clinical-assessment-underestimates-fat-mass-and-overestimates-resting-energy-expenditure-in-children-with-neuromuscular-diseases
#2
Salesa Barja, Regina Pérez
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems are frequent among patients with neuromuscular diseases, who consequently need an adequate evaluation. OBJECTIVE: to describe nutritional assessment and to estimate and measure body composition and energy requirement in children with neuromuscular diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed anthropometry, skinfold measurement and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) for estimate and measure, respectively, fat mass (FM)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531613/lifestyle-determinants-of-childhood-obesity-results-from-the-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-program-national-action-for-children-s-health-2013-2014
#3
Maria Maraki, Michael Georgoulis, Glykeria Psarra, Konstantinos Tambalis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Labros Sidossis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531589/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-obesity-insulin-resistance-and-vitamin-d-insufficiency-in-prepubertal-school-aged-children
#4
Christina Filippou, George Moschonis, Anna Katsadoura, Katerina Sarapi, Yannis Μanios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531588/investigation-of-dietary-habits-and-obesity-rates-of-thessaloniki-primary-school-children-aged-6-to-12-and-surveying-the-parents-opinions-about-their-children-s-eating-behaviour
#5
Eleni Giannakidou, Nikolaos Rigopoulos, Antonios Koutelidakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531585/predictive-validity-of-core-index-in-predicting-obesity-in-a-national-representative-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-in-greece
#6
Alexandra Georgiou, Elpida Vlachopapadopoulou, George Moschonis, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Fotini Karachaliou, Dimitra Koutsouki, Grigoris Bogdanis, Vilelmini Karagianni, Anastasia Papadopoulou, Yannis Manios, Aggelos Chatzakis, Stefanos Michalakos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531580/obesity-rates-and-correlation-to-nutritional-habits-in-a-sample-of-children-aged-9-12-in-primary-schools-of-lemnos
#7
Spyridoula Tsiliou, Nikolaos Rigopoulos, Antonios Koutelidakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#8
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531113/retrospective-evaluation-of-metformin-and-or-metformin-plus-a-new-polysaccharide-complex-in-treating-severe-hyperinsulinism-and-insulin-resistance-in-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Stefano Stagi, Franco Ricci, Martina Bianconi, Maria Amina Sammarco, Giovanna Municchi, Sonia Toni, Lorenzo Lenzi, Alberto Verrotti, Maurizio de Martino
Background: Pharmacological treatment of obesity and glucose-insulin metabolism disorders in children may be more difficult than in adults. Thus, we evaluate the effects of metformin in comparison with metformin plus a polysaccharide complex (Policaptil Gel Retard(®), PGR) on body weight and metabolic parameters in obese children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Patients and methods: We retrospectively collected 129 children and adolescents (67 girls, 62 boys; median age 12.6 years) treated for a minimum of two years with metformin and low glycemic index (LGI) diet...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529017/proatherogenic-lipid-profile-in-early-childhood-association-with-weight-status-at-4-years-and-parental-obesity
#10
Isolina Riaño-Galán, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Cristina Rodríguez-Dehli, Damaskini Valvi, Martine Vrijheid, Adonina Tardón
OBJECTIVES: To determine lipid profiles in early childhood and evaluate their association with weight status at 4 years of age. Additionally, we evaluated whether the risk of overweight or having an altered lipid profile was associated with parental weight status. STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred eighty two mothers and their 4-year-old children from 2 Spanish population-based cohorts were studied. Weight status in children at 4 years of age was classified as overweight or obese using the International Obesity Task Force criteria...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#11
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527867/association-of-neck-circumference-and-pulmonary-function-in-children
#12
Onur Akın, Mutluay Arslan, Cem Haymana, Erdem Karabulut, Bulent Hacihamdioglu, Suleyman Tolga Yavuz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity leads to many complications including impaired respiratory function. There are various anthropometric parameters related to obesity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between anthropometric indices and pulmonary function test results in children without asthma. METHODS: Children without any respiratory disorders were enrolled in this study. Anthropometric measurements, such as height, weight, neck circumference (NC), and waist circumference, were obtained from the enrollees and body mass index was calculated...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#13
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527122/effects-of-cigarette-smoke-exposure-during-suckling-on-food-intake-fat-mass-hormones-and-biochemical-profile-of-young-and-adult-female-rats
#14
Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Patricia Novaes Soares, Thamara Cherem Peixoto, Janaine Cavalcanti Carvalho, Camila Calvino, Vanessa Silva Tavares Rodrigues, Dayse Nascimento Bernardino, Viviane Younes-Rapozo, Alex Christian Manhães, Elaine de Oliveira, Egberto Gaspar de Moura
PURPOSE: Children from smoking mothers have a higher risk of developing obesity and associated comorbidities later in life. Different experimental models have been used to assess the mechanisms involved with this increased risk. Using a rat model of neonatal nicotine exposure via implantation of osmotic minipumps in lactating dams, we have previously shown marked sexual dimorphisms regarding metabolic and endocrine outcomes in the adult progeny. Considering that more than four thousand substances are found in tobacco smoke besides nicotine, we then studied a rat model of neonatal tobacco smoke exposure: adult male offspring had hyperphagia, obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, secondary hyperthyroidism and lower adrenal hormones...
May 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526669/development-of-an-evidence-informed-blog-to-promote-healthy-eating-among-mothers-use-of-the-intervention-mapping-protocol
#15
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Simone Lemieux, Annie Lapointe, Véronique Provencher, Julie Robitaille, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Low adherence to dietary guidelines and a concurrent rise of obesity-related chronic diseases emphasize the need for effective interventions to promote healthy eating. There is growing recognition that behavior change interventions should draw on theories of behavior change. Online interventions grounded in theory lead to increased effectiveness for health behavior change; however, few theory-driven social media-based health promotion interventions have been described in the literature...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526378/association-between-prepregnancy-obesity-and-metabolic-risk-in-chilean-premenopausal-women-10%C3%A2-y-postpartum
#16
Maria Luisa Garmendia, Carolina Zamudio, Marcela Araya, Juliana Kain
OBJECTIVES: One of every four pregnant women in Chile is obese. Gestational obesity is associated with maternal metabolic complications in pregnancy (e.g., gestational diabetes, preeclampsia), but to our knowledge, there is little evidence on relationships with future metabolic risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between prepregnancy obesity (prepregnancy body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2)) or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG; according to the 2009 recommendations from the Institute of Medicine), and maternal metabolic complications 10 y postpartum in premenopausal Chilean women...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526006/cardiometabolic-profile-of-obese-children-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo, Olivier Koki Ndombo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabolic complications associated with childhood obesity at the early phase of the management of obese children in a reference center in Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted from November 2013 to September 2014 and based on World Health Organization (WHO) classification of Obesity (BMI > 3SD under 5 years and BMI > 2SD from 5 and above), we included children aged 3 to 17 years who were being followed up for obesity at the pediatric endocrinology unit of the Mother and Child Center of the Chantal BIYA Foundation in Yaounde, Cameroon...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525800/what-is-the-association-between-healthy-weight-in-4-5-year-old-children-and-spatial-access-to-purposefully-constructed-play-areas
#18
Robin Poole, Graham Moon
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global issue. Understanding associated factors is essential in designing interventions to reduce its prevalence. There are knowledge gaps concerning the leptogenic potential of play areas for very young children and particularly whether there is an association between levels of childhood obesity and play area quality. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to investigate whether spatial access to play areas had an association with healthy weight status of 4-5-year-old children...
May 15, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525438/slowing-bmi-growth-trajectories-in-elementary-school-aged-children-the-northeast-iowa-food-and-fitness-initiative
#19
Loren L Toussaint, Kristin Housholder, Katelyn Janssen, Ann Mansfield, Brian A Lynch
This project examines the Northeast Iowa Food and Fitness Initiative, a policy-, community-, and school-based effort to slow children's body mass index (BMI) growth over 6 years. Kindergarteners (K) to fifth graders (5) from 10 different school districts participated (N = 4101). Students with 0 to 1 years of initiative exposure showed greater growth in BMI compared with children who had 2 to 6 years of exposure, resulting in K-5 BMI savings of 1.5 points (6 lb) for median-height boys and girls. Results suggest that changes to policies, communities, and schools may provide effective obesity reduction in children...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525355/does-body-fat-percentage-predict-post-exercise-heart-rate-response-in-non-obese-children-and-adolescents
#20
Tatjana Jezdimirovic, Valdemar Stajer, Sasa Semeredi, Julio Calleja-Gonzalez, Sergej M Ostojic
BACKGROUND: A correlation between adiposity and post-exercise autonomic regulation has been established in overweight and obese children. However, little information exists about this link in non-obese youth. The main purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the relationship between body fat percentage (BFP) and heart rate recovery after exercise [post-exercise heart rate (PEHR)], a marker of autonomic regulation, in normal-weight children and adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the body composition of 183 children and adolescents (age 15...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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