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Pedro H T Q de Almeida, Joy C MacDermid, Tatiana Barcelos Pontes, Clarissa Cardoso Dos Santos-Couto-Paz, Licia Maria H da Mota, João Paulo C Matheus
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent musculoskeletal disease in the adult and older adult populations. The use of orthoses to stabilize the thumb's articular complex is one of the most common conservative management strategies. Despite substantial research about this topic, there is insufficient evidence about the optimal use of orthoses to inform clinical practice, contributing to practice variations within and across health professionals...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Marion Marrel, Ulla Jörn Good, Miriam Marks, Daniel B Herren, Jörg Goldhahn
STUDY DESIGN: Bench research-biomechanical study. INTRODUCTION: Static progressive orthotic devices are efficient in treating contractures. However, current outriggers are unable to keep force transmission and the force application angle (FAA) constant. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the biomechanical performance of the Isoforce outrigger, a novel extension orthosis. METHODS: A hand model was used to measure the required force at the outrigger and FAA, while simulating resolution of different contracture angles...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Geeta Shroff, Dipin Thakur, Varun Dhingra, Deepak Singh Baroli, Deepanshu Khatri, Rahul Dev Gautam
BACKGROUND: The major complication faced by patients with chronic static spinal cord injury (SCI) is the loss of mobilization. With the aim to rehabilitate SCI patients, physiotherapy is performed worldwide. However, it only helps the patients to live with their disabilities. An interdisciplinary management involving human embryonic stem cell (hESC) therapy along with physiotherapy as a supportive therapy offers regenerative treatment of the patients with SCI. MAIN BODY: The present study focuses on the role of physiotherapy in the mobilization of patients with SCI (paraplegic 136; tetraplegics 90) undergoing hESC therapy...
December 2016: Clinical and Translational Medicine
Young Hak Roh, Beom Koo Lee, Min Ho Park, Jung Ho Noh, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. INTRODUCTION: Patient comprehension of their injury, its treatment, and health care provider's instructions plays an important role in health management and recovery from trauma. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study investigates the effects of health literacy (the ability to obtain, process, and understand health information needed to make appropriate health decisions) on treatment outcomes and satisfaction in patients with mallet finger injuries...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Douglas W Powell, Samantha Andrews, Cris Stickley, D S Blaise Williams
: High- (HA) and low-arched athletes (LA) experience distinct injury patterns. These injuries are the result of the interaction of structure and biomechanics. A suggested mechanism of patellofemoral pain pertains to frontal plane knee moments which may be exaggerated in LA athletes. We hypothesize that LA athletes will exhibit greater peak knee abduction moments than high-arched athletes. METHODS: Twenty healthy female recreational athletes (10HA and 10LA) performed five over-ground barefoot walking and five barefoot running trials at a self-selected velocity while three-dimensional kinematics and ground reaction forces were recorded...
October 13, 2016: Human Movement Science
Maijke van Bloemendaal, Sicco A Bus, Charlotte E de Boer, Frans Nollet, Alexander C H Geurts, Anita Beelen
BACKGROUND: Many stroke survivors suffer from paresis of lower limb muscles, resulting in compensatory gait patterns characterised by asymmetries in spatial and temporal parameters and reduced walking capacity. Functional electrical stimulation has been used to improve walking capacity, but evidence is mostly limited to the orthotic effects of peroneal functional electrical stimulation in the chronic phase after stroke. The aim of this study is to investigate the therapeutic effects of up to 10 weeks of multi-channel functional electrical stimulation (MFES)-assisted gait training on the restoration of spatiotemporal gait symmetry and walking capacity in subacute stroke patients...
October 1, 2016: Trials
Mehmet E Tezcan, Berna Goker, Roy Lidtke, Joel A Block
BACKGROUND: Lateral wedge insoles have been used for the treatment of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and have been shown to reduce loading of the medial compartment of the knee. However, as the entire lower extremity acts as a single kinetic chain, altering the biomechanics of the knee may also have significant effects at the ankles or hips. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lateral wedge orthotics on ankle and hip joints, compared to neutral orthotics, by assessing the changes in joint space width (JSW) during 36 months of continuous use...
September 21, 2016: Gait & Posture
H Salmani Nodooshan, S Koohi Booshehri, H Daneshmandi, A R Choobineh
BACKGROUND: In Iranian orthotic and prosthetic workshops, the majority of activities are carried out by manpower and the tasks are labor-intensive. In these workshops, ergonomic aspects of working conditions are seldom considered. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted in orthotic and prosthetic workshops with the objectives of determination of prevalence rate of MSDs among employees and assessment of ergonomics working conditions. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all employees (n = 42; 29 males and 13 females) in 11 active orthotic and prosthetic production centers of Shiraz city participated...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Charlotte Lanhers, Laura Boutevillain, Bruno Pereira, Emmanuel Coudeyre
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the place of lumbar support in the management of nonspecific low back pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review with the following databases: Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Science Direct and Pedro. The search strategy used the keywords low back pain; lumbar orthosis; lumbar belt; back support; lumbar support; lumbar brace. To be included, studies needed to have one or more keywords selected. The search was limited to French and English articles...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Johann Beaudreuil, Jean Marie Coudreuse, Christelle N Guyen, Philippe Deat, Aurore Chabaud, Bruno Pereira, Alain Lorenzo, Frédéric Sailhan, François Rannou, Emmanuel Coudeyre
OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm to help orthosis prescription for knee osteoarthritis patients. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Systematic review of the literature using a qualitative analysis on Pubmed databases, Cochrane Library and Pedro from 1966 to 2015, using the keywords "knee osteoarthritis", "orthosis" with recommendations and highest quality trials. Development of a preliminary version of the algorithm using data from the literature and taking into account experience of different health professionals involved in the management of osteoarthritis patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Brian W Lee, Dona Rani C Kathirithamby, Cesar Colasante, Kyle Menze, Kyle Silva, Louis Dizon, Jared R Levin, Edward Alexeev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
K Valdes, Nancy Naughton, Lori Algar
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review outcome measures used for assessment of orthotic intervention in the conservative management of thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis to determine if they characterize International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) components. The determinants of patient satisfaction regarding the orthotic intervention were also extracted from the studies...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Jessica C Rivera, Paul F Pasquina
Recent military combat operations have resulted in a high burden of extremity-related long-term disability due to limb amputation and persistent deficits despite limb reconstruction. The US Army amputee care programs, established at focused centers with interdisciplinary care teams, have redefined the standard of how rehabilitation following limb loss is undertaken as the limb reconstruction is just one part of the entire patient's restoration of wellness and reintegration. Inspired by this approached, comprehensive rehabilitation programs designed for patients with limb reconstruction have also excelled rehabilitation following a spectrum of severe limb trauma...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Amy F Bailes, Cailee Caldwell, Mike Clay, Melissa Tremper, Kari Dunning, Jason Long
PURPOSE: To evaluate the immediate orthotic, total and therapeutic effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) neuroprosthesis use on clinic based measures of gait and function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. METHODS: Eleven children (mean 9 years 11 months) participated in an FES neuroprosthesis (Ness L300) intervention (4 week accommodation period followed by 12 weeks of daily use) and were assessed at baseline and post in stimulation off and stimulation on conditions...
September 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Melissa M White, Olivia N Morejon, Shijing Liu, Mei Y Lau, Chang S Nam, David B Kaber
Strokes are the leading cause of major adult disability with up to 85% of U.S. survivors experiencing hemiparesis. Physical characteristics of upper-extremity exoskeletal orthotics, used in stroke rehabilitation, were evaluated in terms of performance of activities of daily living (ADL), perceived exertion, and muscle load. Simulated orthotic weight distributions, with total extremity loads of 0.81 kg, 1.25 kg and 2.27 kg, were evaluated along with a 0 kg control condition. Response measures included average shoulder/elbow muscle surface electromyography (sEMG) signal amplitude, quality of task completion and total rest time during performance, and Borg CR-10 scale ratings...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Amir A Zadpoor, Jos Malda
The introduction of additive manufacturing (AM), often referred to as three-dimensional (3D) printing, has initiated what some believe to be a manufacturing revolution, and has expedited the development of the field of biofabrication. Moreover, recent advances in AM have facilitated further development of patient-specific healthcare solutions. Customization of many healthcare products and services, such as implants, drug delivery devices, medical instruments, prosthetics, and in vitro models, would have been extremely challenging-if not impossible-without AM technologies...
September 8, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
E López-Gavito, P Parra-Téllez, J Vázquez-Escamilla
Diabetes mellitus is a major chronic degenerative disease, which currently is taking on alarming proportions in the population of our country. Neuropathic arthropathy is one of the most interesting degenerative joint disorders and increasingly common within the orthopedic pathology. It is defined as a progressive degenerative arthropathy, chronic and affecting one or more peripheral joints, and develops as a result of the lack of sensory perception normal in the innervation of joints. As a result the joints of the feet are subjected to trauma and repetitive injury causing a neurotraumatic effect with progressive damage to the joints of the hindfoot, midfoot and forefoot...
January 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Elisa S Arch, Bretta L Fylstra
The large, late-stance energy generated by the ankle is believed to be critical during gait. However, the distal foot absorbs/dissipates a considerable amount of energy during the same phase. Thus, the energy generated by the combined ankle-foot system is more modest, which raises questions regarding the necessity of such a large ankle power and the interplay between foot and ankle energetics. This study aimed to evaluate our conservation of energy hypothesis, which predicted if distal foot energy absorption/dissipation was reduced, less energy would be generated at the ankle and thus the same combined ankle-foot energetics would be achieved...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Hwan Choi, Tishya Anne Leong Wren, Katherine Muterspaugh Steele
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with cerebral palsy wear ankle foot orthoses during daily life. Orthoses influence joint motion, but how they impact muscle remains unclear. In particular, the gastrocnemius is commonly stiff in cerebral palsy. Understanding whether orthoses stretch or shorten this muscle during daily life may inform orthosis design and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the impact of different ankle foot orthoses on gastrocnemius operating length during walking in children with cerebral palsy...
September 9, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Pedro Henrique Tq de Almeida, Joy MacDermid, Tatiana Barcelos Pontes, Clarissa Cardoso Dos Santos-Couto-Paz, João Paulo Chieregato Matheus
BACKGROUND: Orthoses are a well-known intervention for the treatment of thumb osteoarthritis; however, there is a multitude of orthotic designs and not enough evidence to support the efficacy of specific models. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of different orthoses on pain, hand strength, and hand function of patients with thumb osteoarthritis. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: A scoping literature review of 14 publications reporting orthotic interventions for patients with thumb osteoarthritis was conducted...
September 9, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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