Read by QxMD icon Read


Kristina Stanković, Brian G Booth, Femke Danckaers, Fien Burg, Philippe Vermaelen, Saartje Duerinck, Jan Sijbers, Toon Huysmans
Background: Foot morphology has received increasing attention from both biomechanics researches and footwear manufacturers. Usually, the morphology of the foot is quantified by 2D footprints. However, footprint quantification ignores the foot's vertical dimension and hence, does not allow accurate quantification of complex 3D foot shape. Methods: The shape variation of healthy 3D feet in a population of 31 adult women and 31 adult men who live in Belgium was studied using geometric morphometric methods...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Aoife Healy, Sybil Farmer, Anand Pandyan, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Assistive products are items which allow older people and people with disabilities to be able to live a healthy, productive and dignified life. It has been estimated that approximately 1.5% of the world's population need a prosthesis or orthosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically identify and review the evidence from randomized controlled trials assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prosthetic and orthotic interventions...
2018: PloS One
Gitendra Uswatte, Edward Taub, Mary H Bowman, Adriana Delgado, Camille Bryson, David M Morris, Staci Mckay, Joydip Barman, Victor W Mark
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of an expanded form of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (eCIMT) that renders CIMT, originally designed for treating mild-to-moderate upper-extremity hemiparesis, suitable for treating severe hemiparesis. METHODS: Twenty-one adults ≥1 year after stroke with severe upper-extremity hemiparesis (with little or no capacity to make movements with the more-affected hand) were randomly assigned to eCIMT (n = 10), a placebo-control procedure (n = 4), or usual care (n = 7)...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Takuya Hada, Ryo Momosaki, Masahiro Abo
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of leg orthotic therapy for improving activities of daily living after spinal cord injury. SETTING: Participating acute care and rehabilitation hospitals across Japan. METHODS: We retrospectively identified individuals with spinal cord injury admitted to eight participating hospitals in 2015-2016 from the Japan Rehabilitation Database. Data for 293 individuals were analyzed...
March 7, 2018: Spinal Cord
Shuichi Chida, Hitoshi Suzuki, Moto Kobayashi, Tsutomu Sakuraba, Hideji Kura, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Yoichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: We reconstructed a chronically ruptured Achilles tendon and the associated scar tissue using braided polyblend polyethylene sutures (FiberWire; Arthrex Inc.; Naples, FL, USA) and anchors. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old Japanese man, who was being treated for right Achilles tendinosis, felt pain in his Achilles tendon when walking and started to find plantar flexion of his ankle joint difficult. As his symptoms persisted, he visited us after 4 weeks...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Jeannette Østergaard Penny, Merete Brink Speedtsberg, Thomas Kallemose, Jesper Bencke
The study sought to investigate whether an orthotic stiletto could modulate the pressure and comfort under the forefoot, arch and heel that stiletto wearers experience. Twenty-two women participated. We measured the peak pressure and pressure-time integral for orthotic stilettos with built-in metatarsal pad, heel cup and arch support; standard stilettos without inlays; and trainers. Comfort was recorded during 3x3 working days. The orthotic stiletto exhibited lower metatarsal head1 (MTH) and MTH2+3 and heel pressures than the standard stiletto (p < ...
March 2, 2018: Ergonomics
Anthony L Logli, Brian J Bear, Edric G Schwartz, Kenneth J Korcek, Brian J Foster
PURPOSE: To determine if any significant differences exist in patient-reported or clinical outcomes among 3 different postoperative orthotic regimens: no orthosis, removable orthosis, and plaster nonremovable orthosis-following miniopen carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery for symptomatic isolated carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: A total of 249 patients received a miniopen CTR and were subsequently randomized into 1 of 3 orthotic regimens: 80, no orthosis; 83, removable orthosis; and 86, nonremovable orthosis-to be removed at the first postoperative visit 10 to 14 days later...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Aharon S Finestone, Eran Tamir, Guy Ron, Itay Wiser, Gabriel Agar
Background: Diabetic foot ulcers are frequently related to elevated pressure under a bony prominence. Conservative treatment includes offloading with orthopaedic shoes and custom made orthotics or plaster casts. While casting in plaster is usually effective in achieving primary closure of foot ulcers, recurrence rates are high. Minimally invasive surgical offloading that includes correction of foot deformities has good short and long term results. The surgery alleviates the pressure under the bony prominence, thus enabling prompt ulcer healing, negating the patient's dependence on expensive shoes and orthotics, with a lower chance of recurrence...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Basak Mansiz Kaplan, Gulseren Akyuz, Serdar Kokar, Ilker Yagci
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare different conservative treatments in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). STUDY DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled study. METHODS: Patients (n = 169) diagnosed with mild or moderate CTS were screened; 110 met study requirements. The patients were randomized into 3 groups. The control (CON) comparison provided to all patients was a fabricated night orthotic which held the wrist in a neutral position...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Benjamin Masserano, Albert S Woo, Gary B Skolnick, Sybill D Naidoo, Mark R Proctor, Matthew D Smyth, Kamlesh B Patel
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative temporal expansion in patients treated with fronto-orbital advancement or endoscopy-assisted craniectomy with cranial orthotic therapy. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, multicenter cohort study of patients with unilateral coronal craniosynostosis (UCS). SETTING: Computed tomographic (CT) scans were drawn from UCS patients treated at Boston Children's Hospital or St Louis Children's Hospital. PATIENTS: The study included 56 patients with UCS after fronto-orbital advancement (n = 32) or endoscopic repair (n = 24) and 10 age-matched controls...
March 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Nagaraj Hegde, Ting Zhang, Gitendra Uswatte, Edward Taub, Joydip Barman, Staci McKay, Andrea Taylor, David M Morris, Angi Griffin, Edward S Sazonov
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of nonprogressive neuro-developmental conditions occurring in early childhood that causes movement disorders and physical disability. Measuring activity levels and gait patterns is an important aspect of CP rehabilitation programs. Traditionally, such programs utilize commercially available laboratory systems, which cannot to be utilized in community living. In this study, a novel, shoe-based, wearable sensor system (pediatric SmartShoe) was tested on 11 healthy children and 10 children with CP to validate its use for monitoring of physical activity and gait...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Sabri Batin, Firat Ozan, Kaan Gurbuz, Semmi Koyuncu, Fatih Vatansever, Erdal Uzun
Background: Hip fracture is a worldwide public health problem that primarily affects osteoporotic individuals and the elderly. A second hip fracture can occur in elderly patients who have already suffered an initial hip fracture. The aim of this study was to investigate possible risk factors for second hip fractures in elderly patients with hip fractures. Methods: Between 2010 and 2014, 230 patients who underwent uncemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures were retrospectively analyzed...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Clint Hansen, Florian Gosselin, Khalil Ben Mansour, Pierre Devos, Frederic Marin
Exoskeletons are progressively reaching homes and workplaces, allowing interaction with virtual environments, remote control of robots, or assisting human operators in carrying heavy loads. Their design is however still a challenge as these robots, being mechanically linked to the operators who wear them, have to meet ergonomic constraints besides usual robotic requirements in terms of workspace, speed, or efforts. They have in particular to fit the anthropometry and mobility of their users. This traditionally results in numerous prototypes which are progressively fitted to each individual person...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos, Olga D Savvidou, Panagiotis Koutsouradis, George D Chloros, Ioanna K Bolia, Vasileios I Sakellariou, Vasileios A Kontogeorgakos, Ioannis I Mavrodontis, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Panos Diamantopoulos
New 3-dimensional digital technologies are revolutionizing orthopedic clinical practice, allowing structures of any complexity to be manufactured in just hours. Such technologies can make surgery for complex cases more precise, more cost-effective, and possibly easier to perform. Applications include pre-operative planning, surgical simulation, patient-specific instrumentation and implants, bioprinting, prosthetics, and orthotics. The basic principles of 3- dimensional technologies, including imaging, design, numerical simulation, and printing, and their current applications in orthopedics are reviewed...
January 1, 2018: Orthopedics
Eva Swinnen, Nina Lefeber, Amber Werbrouck, Yelena Gesthuizen, Lisa Ceulemans, Sofie Christiaens, Lise De Wael, Ronald Buyl, Stephan Ilsbroukx, Johan Van Nieuwenhoven, Marc Michielsen, Christophe Lafosse, Eric Kerckhofs
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Because user-satisfaction and acceptance may partly determine the grade of compliance to an orthotic device (OD), the aim of this multicentre observational study was to inquire the reasons for acceptance and the user-satisfaction of an OD of the lower limb in male and female central neurological movement disorders (CNMD) patients. METHODS: Persons with CNMD having at least one prescribed OD of the lower limb were included. Two questionnaires were used: the MIRAD-ACCORT-II (reasons for acceptance) and a modified version of the D-QUEST 2...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
Matthew Quigley, Michael P Dillon, Stefania Fatone
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making is a consultative process designed to encourage patient participation in decision making by providing accurate information about the treatment options and supporting deliberation with the clinicians about treatment options. The process can be supported by resources such as decision aids and discussion guides designed to inform and facilitate often difficult conversations. As this process increases in use, there is opportunity to raise awareness of shared decision making and the international standards used to guide the development of quality resources for use in areas of prosthetic/orthotic care...
February 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Katherine M Edenfield
The midfoot and forefoot are the regions of the foot distal to the talus and calcaneus and are critical to weight bearing and movement. They help support the arch of the foot, provide shock absorption, and convert vertically oriented forces into horizontal forward and propulsive movement. A spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic conditions in these regions can cause pain and decreased function. A thorough history and physical examination should include foot and leg biomechanics, alignment, and posture in addition to palpation of painful areas...
February 2018: FP Essentials
Jonathan S Goodwin, Robert A Creighton, Brian G Pietrosimone, Jeffery T Spang, J Troy Blackburn
CONTEXT: Orthotic devices such as medial unloader knee braces and lateral heel wedges may limit cartilage loading following trauma or surgical repair. However, little is known regarding their effects on gait biomechanics in young, healthy individuals who are at risk of cartilage injury during physical activity due to greater athletic exposure compared to older adults. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effect of medial unloader braces and lateral heel wedges on lower extremity kinematics and kinetics in healthy, young adults...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sean Noah, Cynthia Gibson-Horn, Jennifer L Vincenzo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that there were 29 million falls and 7 million injuries in 2014 in the United States. Falls, decreased balance, and mobility disability are common in older adults and often result in loss of independence. Finding interventions to address these issues is important, as this age group is growing exponentially. Prior studies indicate balance and mobility can be improved by the balance-based torso-weighting (BBTW) assessment implemented through wear of a balance orthotic (BO)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Eda Cinar, Shikha Saxena, Fatma Uygur
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at estimating the effectiveness of two commonly used modalities-extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT)-each combined with usual care (exercises and orthotic supports) in comparison to only usual care to relieve pain in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). METHODS: Participants with PF were randomly allocated into 3 groups: ESWT (n = 25), LLLT (n = 24), and control (n = 17). All participants received a home exercise program with orthotic support...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"