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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122474/predicting-individual-risk-for-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-navy-recruits
#1
Cameron Garnock, Jeremy Witchalls, Phil Newman
OBJECTIVES: Quantifying individual risk for medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is valuable due to the high prevalence, substantial financial and service costs, and lengthy recovery time of the condition. Identification of those at risk is a key first step in prevention of the condition. This study aimed to test a suite of best evidence risk factors in a cohort of Navy recruits and to develop a predictive model for individuals at risk of MTSS. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of Navy recruits undergoing initial training METHODS: A prospective cohort design, this study screened recruits by assessing gender, MTSS history, years of running experience, orthotic use, BMI, navicular drop, ankle plantarflexion and hip external rotation at the beginning of basic training...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108487/a-clinically-meaningful-training-effect-in-walking-speed-using-functional-electrical-stimulation-for-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Tamsyn Street, Christine Singleton
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the presence of a training effect for rehabilitation of walking function in motor-incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) through daily use of functional electrical stimulation (FES). SETTING: A specialist FES outpatient centre Participants: Thirty-five participants (mean age 53, SD 15, range 18-80; mean years since diagnosis 9, range 5 months - 39 years) with drop foot and motor-incomplete SCI (T12 or higher, ASIA Impairment Scale C and D) able to ambulate 10 metres with the use of a walking stick or frame...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102346/is-functional-electrical-stimulation-an-alternative-for-orthotics-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Sam Khamis, Talia Herman, Sima Krimus, Barry Danino
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a well-known intervention used during walking to improve walking abilities and correct gait deviations by facilitating the proper muscle group at the appropriate timing in the gait cycle. Our aim was to study the types of surface FES currently used in a cerebral palsy (CP) population and examine the evidence of its ability to improve gait deviations, functional ability and therapeutic effects. METHODS: A computerized database search was conducted from inception until 6/2016...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090022/prevalence-impact-and-care-of-foot-problems-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-united-kingdom-based-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Oonagh Wilson, Sarah Hewlett, James Woodburn, Jon Pollock, John Kirwan
BACKGROUND: Foot symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) derive from a combination of inflammation, altered foot mechanics, deformity and secondary skin lesions. Guidelines recommend regular review of patients' feet, but the extent to which the general population of RA patients report foot symptoms and access foot care has not been established. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence, impact and care of foot problems in all patients with RA in one geographical area and identify factors associated with accessing foot care...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089196/immediate-effect-of-a-functional-wrist-orthosis-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-or-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha Lannin, Claire Galea
STUDY DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Upper limb orthoses worn during functional tasks are commonly used in pediatric neurologic rehabilitation, despite a paucity of high-level evidence. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to investigate if a customized functional wrist orthosis, when placed on the limb, leads to an immediate improvement in hand function for children with cerebral palsy or brain injury...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072026/functional-outcomes-of-kinesio-taping-versus-standard-orthotics-in-the-management-of-shin-splint
#6
Shaji J Kachanathu, Fahad S Algarni, Shibili Nuhmani, Aqeel M Alenazi, Ashraf R Hafez, Abdulrahman D Algarni
BACKGROUND: Exercise-related or lower-limb overuse injury characterized by pain located between the knee and the ankle that occurs during activity is commonly referred to as shin splint. Hyperpronation is considered the ultimate culprit in the development of overuse injuries such as shin splint. This study endeavors to compare the functional outcomes of the most commonly used anti-pronation techniques, kinesio taping and standard orthotics. METHODS: A total of 40 subjects (mean age, 24...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068968/isolated-intraorbital-frontosphenoidal-synostosis
#7
Paul A Mittermiller, Kristen W Yeom, Robert M Menard
Unilateral anterior plagiocephaly is most commonly the result of deformational plagiocephaly or unilateral coronal synostosis, a premature fusion of the frontoparietal suture. However, other sutures within the coronal ring have been implicated in producing anterior cranial asymmetries. These fusions can occur in isolation or in concert with adjacent sutures. The frontosphenoidal suture is one such suture within the coronal ring that has been involved both concomitantly with and independently of frontoparietal suture fusion...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053750/middle-aged-individuals-with-thalidomide-embryopathy-have-undergone-few-surgical-limb-procedures-and-demonstrate-a-high-degree-of-physical-independence
#8
Shadi A Ghassemi Jahani, Aina Danielsson, Jon Karlsson, Helena Brisby
BACKGROUND: Thalidomide is known to have induced thalidomide embryopathy (TE) in more than 10,000 live-born children worldwide between 1957-1962. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the need for orthopaedic surgery and limb orthosis in relation to function and physical independence in middle-aged individuals with TE. METHODS: 13 women/18 men with a mean age of 45.8 (SD 1.1) years were included. Information about limb surgery, the use of orthotic devices, jobs, accommodation, disability adjustments and personal assistants was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040141/proof-of-concept-study-for-the-design-manufacturing-and-testing-of-a-patient-specific-shape-memory-device-for-treatment-of-unicoronal-craniosynostosis
#9
Alessandro Borghi, Will Rodgers, Silvia Schievano, Allan Ponniah, Owase Jeelani, David Dunaway
Treatment of unicoronal craniosynostosis is a surgically challenging problem, due to the involvement of coronal suture and cranial base, with complex asymmetries of the calvarium and orbit. Several techniques for correction have been described, including surgical bony remodeling, early strip craniotomy with orthotic helmet remodeling and distraction. Current distraction devices provide unidirectional forces and have had very limited success. Nitinol is a shape memory alloy that can be programmed to the shape of a patient-specific anatomy by means of thermal treatment...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028621/combining-valgus-knee-brace-and-lateral-foot-wedges-reduces-external-forces-and-moments-in-osteoarthritis-patients
#10
Amir Ali Jafarnezhadgero, Anderson S Oliveira, Seyed Hamed Mousavi, Morteza Madadi-Shad
Osteoarthritis progression can be related to the external knee adduction and flexion moments during walking. Lateral foot wedges and knee braces have been used as treatment for osteoarthritis, but little is known about their influence on knee joint moments generated in the sagittal and frontal planes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was determine the effects of the isolated and combined use of valgus knee brace and lateral wedge foot orthotic on peak forces and moments during gait in knee osteoarthritis patients...
October 5, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026813/immediate-nerve-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-peroneal-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-an-intraneural-ganglion-case-report-and-review
#11
I Ratanshi, T A Clark, Jennifer L Giuffre
Intraneural ganglion cysts that occur within the common peroneal nerve are a rare cause of foot drop. The current standard of treatment for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve involves (1) cyst decompression and (2) ligation of the articular nerve branch to prevent recurrence. Nerve transfers are a time-dependent strategy for recovering ankle dorsiflexion in cases of high peroneal nerve palsy; however, this modality has not been performed for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019642/spine-conditions-occupational-spine-conditions
#12
Marc A Childress
Neck and back conditions have significant effects on employee health and productivity. More than $7 billion in lost revenue in the United States annually can be attributed to workplace back pain among employees ages 40 to 65 years. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2012 back pain was the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition resulting in workplace absenteeism. The incidence of these conditions is higher among individuals in certain professions, such as bus drivers, police officers, and correctional officers...
October 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955166/comparison-between-two-types-of-abduction-orthotics-in-treating-congenital-clubfoot
#13
Luiz Carlos Ribeiro Lara, Bruno Leite Gil, Lucio Carlos de Azevedo Torres, Tarsila Pagnan Silva Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze and compare the effectiveness of two types of abduction orthotics used for the feet, the Denis-Browne type (traditional) and the Dobbs type (dynamic), with regard to maintenance of deformity correction and prevention of recurrence . METHOD: In this comparative retrospective case study, information was collected from the medical records of children with idiopathic congenital clubfoot (CCF). We evaluated a total of 43 feet in 28 patients, which were divided into two groups...
July 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953180/interventions-for-gait-training-in-children-with-spinal-cord-impairments-a-scoping-review
#14
Sarah E Funderburg, Hannah E Josephson, Ashlee A Price, Maredith A Russo, Laura E Case
PURPOSE: This is a scoping review of the literature on interventions for gait in individuals with pediatric spinal cord impairments. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Four categories of interventions were identified: orthoses/assistive devices, electrical stimulation, treadmill training, and infant treadmill stepping. CONCLUSIONS: Studies on orthotic intervention, electrical stimulation, and treadmill training reported benefits for various components of gait...
October 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952905/the-use-of-orthotic-insoles-to-prevent-lower-limb-overuse-injuries-a-critically-appraised-topic
#15
Janie L Kelly, Alison R Valier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952799/biomechanical-consequences-of-subtalar-joint-arthroereisis-in-treating-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-a-theoretical-analysis-using-finite-element-analysis
#16
Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Yan Wang, Tony Lin-Wei Chen, Aaron Kam-Lun Leung, Ming Zhang
Subtalar joint arthroereisis (SJA) has been introduced to control the hyperpronation in cases of flatfoot. The objective of this study is to evaluate the biomechanical consequence of SJA to restore the internal stress and load transfer to the intact state from the attenuated biomechanical condition induced by posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD). A three-dimensional finite element model of the foot and ankle complex was constructed based on clinical images of a healthy female (age 28 years, height 165 cm, body mass 54 kg)...
September 27, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946828/retention-of-the-structure-and-function-of-heparan-sulfate-biomaterials-after-gamma-irradiation
#17
Raymond A A Smith, R J E Chua, Susan M Carnachan, Clarissa Ling Ling Tan, Ian M Sims, Simon F R Hinkley, Victor Nurcombe, Simon Cool
Heparan sulfate (HS) is a highly heterogeneous polysaccharide implicated in many important biological processes. Our previous work has demonstrated that a particular affinity-selected HS (referred to henceforth as 'HS3') is capable of enhancing the osteogenic effects of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2). Here, we gamma-irradiated HS with 26 kGy of ionizing radiation to determine how this affected the structure, composition and function. Initial structural studies were performed on a commercial preparation of HS as a proof-of-concept...
September 25, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942910/improving-functional-mobility-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-treatment-for-non-central-nervous-system-cancers-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Katherine Wacker, Lynn Tanner, Jessica Ovans, Jeffrey Mason, Laura Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancers and subsequent treatments can leave survivors with impairments that may lead to decreased physical performance. Rehabilitation can be an important component of promoting improved physical function in children and adolescents undergoing treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize evidence for nonsurgical, nonpharmacologic, rehabilitation interventions for children and adolescents undergoing treatment for non-central nervous system cancers aimed at improving their physical impairments and functional mobility limitations...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942904/a-brief-historical-perspective-of-cancer-rehabilitation-and-contributions-from-the-national-institutes-of-health
#19
REVIEW
Lynn H Gerber, Bonnie Hodsdon, Leora Ellen Comis, Leighton Chan, John I Gallin, Charles L McGarvey
People who have cancer diagnoses often need care throughout their lives through all stages of their illness. These stages include diagnosis, primary treatment, survivorship, and end of life. The management of people with cancer, now a common and chronic illness with long-term survival improving, is complex, challenging, and rapidly changing. Rehabilitation for people with cancer diagnoses is a new specialty and is charged with providing care throughout the trajectory of illness and wellness to maximize potential for function and mitigate disability...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925669/lower-extremity-abnormalities-in-children
#20
Caitlyn M Rerucha, Caleb Dickison, Drew C Baird
Leg and foot problems in childhood are common causes of parental concern. Rotational problems include intoeing and out-toeing. Intoeing is most common in infants and young children. Intoeing is caused by metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and femoral anteversion. Out-toeing is less common than intoeing and occurs more often in older children. Out-toeing is caused by external tibial torsion and femoral retroversion. Angular problems include genu varum (bowleg) and genu valgum (knock knee). With pes planus (flatfoot), the arch of the foot is usually flexible rather than rigid...
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
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