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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651405/-clinical-stages-and-outcomes-of-severe-cases-on-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#1
J Zhang, Y Jin, J L Sun, Y X Wang, X J Wang, X Q Fu, Z P Miao, J Lyu
Objective: To understand the characteristics and relation of clinical stage and outcome of severe cases on hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and to establish the evaluation method for understanding severity of this disease. Methods: According to factors as geographical location, economic and epidemic levels, five provinces (Henan, Shandong, Yunnan, Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces) were selected. Reported severe cases of HFMD from the National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System were selected randomly in the five provinces...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651404/-correlation-between-insufficient-methadone-dosage-and-morphine-positive-urine-on-drop-out-of-treatment-in-patients-with-access-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#2
T Yao, D Feng, M H Pan, Y P Cheng, C X Li, J Wang, Y L Feng, J Shi, T Su, Q Chen, S Shi, S P Wang
Objective: To estimate the incidence of drop out of treatment in patients with access to methadone maintenance treatment and explore the correlation and interaction between insufficient methadone dosage and morphine positive urine on the drop out in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Methods: Face to face interview was conducted in 1 031 patients at 3 methadone maintenance treatment clinics in Guangxi. Results: The study included 1 031 participants, 40.6% of them (419/1 031) had stopped treatment. The drop out rates in urine morphine positive group and methadone dosage<100 mg/d group were 57...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651391/-prevalence-of-myopia-and-increase-trend-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-han-ethnic-group-in-china-2005-2014
#3
Y H Dong, H B Liu, Z H Wang, Z P Yang, R B Xu, Z G Yang, J Ma
Objective: To understand and evaluate the prevalence of myopia and its trend in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in Han ethnic group in China from 2005 to 2014, and provide evidence for the prevention of myopia. Methods: The data of 2005, 2010 and 2014 Chinese National Students Constitution and Health Surveys were collected. The children and adolescents with complete detection data of binoculus were selected as study subjects. The sample size of three studies were 233 108, 215 319 and 212 743, respectively...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651370/changes-in-visceral-adiposity-subcutaneous-adiposity-and-sex-hormones-in-the-diabetes-prevention-program
#4
Catherine Kim, Dana Dabelea, Rita R Kalyani, Costas A Christophi, George A Bray, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Christine H Darwin, Swaytha Yalamanchi, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Sherita Hill Golden, Edward J Boyko
Context: The degree to which changes in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) relate to corresponding changes in plasma sex steroids is not known. Objective: We examined whether changes in VAT and SAT areas assessed by computed tomography were associated with changes in sex hormones (dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEAS], testosterone, estradiol, estrone, and sex hormone binding globulin [SHBG]) among Diabetes Prevention Program participants...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651127/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-haplotypes-in-pre-eclampsia-a-case-control-study
#5
REVIEW
Marwa Ben Ali Gannoun, Safa A Al-Madhi, Hedia Zitouni, Nozha Raguema, Sawsen Meddeb, Feten Hachena Ben Ali, Touhami Mahjoub, Wassim Y Almawi
An association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) gene variants and altered VEGF secretion and preeclampsia (PE) were described, often with inconclusive findings. An ethnic contribution to the association of VEGFA polymorphisms with PE and its associated features was also suggested. To investigate whether common VEGFA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are linked with PE and associated features in Tunisian women. A case-control study involving 300 women with PE, and 300 age-matched control women...
June 23, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650677/psychosocial-risk-factors-for-perinatal-depression-among-female-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#6
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
Perinatal depression is a health concern among pregnant and postpartum adolescents as it may negatively impact fetal development and result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine psychosocial risk factors for depression among adolescents during pregnancy and postpartum. A literature search was conducted from five databases from 1995 to 2016. A total of 17 studies matched the inclusion criteria...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650396/therapeutic-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-recurrent-and-chronic-pancreatitis-data-from-the-insppire-international-study-group-of-pediatric-pancreatitis-in-search-for-a-cure-study
#7
David M Troendle, Douglas S Fishman, Bradley A Barth, Matthew J Giefer, Tom K Lin, Quin Y Liu, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Melena D Bellin, Peter R Durie, Steven D Freedman, Cheryl Gariepy, Tanja Gonska, Melvin B Heyman, Ryan Himes, Sohail Z Husain, Soma Kumar, Mark E Lowe, Veronique D Morinville, Chee Y Ooi, Joseph Palermo, John F Pohl, Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Steven Werlin, Michael Wilschanski, M Bridget Zimmerman, Aliye Uc
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize utilization and benefit of therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in children with acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) or chronic pancreatitis (CP). METHODS: From August 2012 to February 2015, 301 children with ARP or CP were enrolled in the INSPPIRE (INternational Study group of Pediatric Pancreatitis: In search for a cuRE) study. Physicians reported utilization and benefit of therapeutic ERCP at enrollment...
June 22, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650248/health-services-utilization-among-fee-for-service-medicare-and-medicaid-patients-under-age-65-with-behavioral-health-illness-at-an-urban-safety-net-hospital
#8
Ramon S Cancino, Brian W Jack, John Jarvis, Alice Kate Cummings, Ellie Cooper, Pierre-Yves Cremieux, James F Burgess
BACKGROUND: In 2011, fee-for-service patients with both Medicare and Medicaid (dual eligible) sustained $319.5 billion in health care costs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the emergency department (ED) use and hospital admissions of adult dual eligible patients aged under 65 years who used an urban safety net hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective database analysis of patients aged between 18 and 65 years with Medicare and Medicaid, who used an urban safety net academic health center between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2011...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650226/correlates-of-hiv-risks-among-women-on-probation-and-parole
#9
Malitta Engstrom, Katherine M Winham, Seana Golder, George Higgins, Tanya Renn, T K Logan
This article examines HIV risks among a sample of 406 women on probation and parole with lifetime histories of victimization who were recruited from an urban community in the southern U.S. Guided by the Comprehensive Health Seeking and Coping Paradigm, we analyze the significance of sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social support in relationship to three sexual risks and one drug use risk using multivariable regression. Findings indicate that substance use is a significant correlate of nearly all HIV risks examined, including lifetime sexual partners and sexual partners during the past 12 months...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650206/socioenvironmental-personal-and-behavioral-correlates-of-severe-obesity-among-an-ethnically-racially-diverse-sample-of-us-adolescents
#10
Katherine W Bauer, Marsha D Marcus, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity among adolescents, also known as class 2 and 3 obesity, is increasing in prevalence, yet, little is known about adolescents with severe obesity. The objective of this study was to identify the socioenvironmental, personal, and behavioral correlates of severe obesity among an ethnically/racially diverse sample of US adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of data from participants in the EAT 2010 study (n = 2706) was conducted...
June 26, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650194/remotely-delivering-real-time-parent-training-to-the-home-an-initial-randomized-trial-of-internet-delivered-parent-child-interaction-therapy-i-pcit
#11
Jonathan S Comer, Jami M Furr, Elizabeth M Miguel, Christine E Cooper-Vince, Aubrey L Carpenter, R Meredith Elkins, Caroline E Kerns, Danielle Cornacchio, Tommy Chou, Stefany Coxe, Mariah DeSerisy, Amanda L Sanchez, Alejandra Golik, Julio Martin, Kathleen M Myers, Rhea Chase
OBJECTIVE: Remote technologies are increasingly being leveraged to expand the reach of supported care, but applications to early child-behavior problems have been limited. This is the first controlled trial examining video-teleconferencing to remotely deliver behavioral parent training to the home setting with a live therapist. METHOD: Racially/ethnically diverse children ages 3-5 years with disruptive behavior disorders, and their caregiver(s), using webcams and parent-worn Bluetooth earpieces, participated in a randomized trial comparing Internet-delivered parent-child interaction therapy (I-PCIT) versus standard clinic-based PCIT (N = 40)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650180/acculturation-acculturative-stressors-and-family-relationships-among-latina-o-immigrants
#12
Georgiana Bostean, Brian Joseph Gillespie
OBJECTIVES: Family relationships, widely recognized as core to Latino cultures, are known to vary for Latina/o immigrants based on time in the United States. Less is known about (a) how acculturation explains differences in family relationships by time in the US, and (b) whether acculturative stressors influence different aspects of immigrants' family relationships. Drawing on an expanded acculturation framework, we explore whether and how attitudinal familism, family contact, and family conflict among immigrant Latina/os vary based on acculturation and acculturative stressors...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650179/political-activism-and-mental-health-among-black-and-latinx-college-students
#13
Elan C Hope, Gabriel Velez, Carly Offidani-Bertrand, Micere Keels, Myles I Durkee
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates the utility of political activism as a protective factor against experiences of racial/ethnic (R/E) discrimination that negatively affect stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among Black and Latinx college freshmen at predominately White institutions. METHOD: Data come from the Minority College Cohort Study, a longitudinal investigation of Black and Latinx college students (N = 504; 44% Black). We conducted multiple regression analyses for each mental health indicator and tested for interaction effects...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649860/do-racial-ethnic-disparities-exist-in-recommended-migraine-treatments-in-us-ambulatory-care
#14
Larry Charleston Iv, James Francis Burke
Background Racial disparities in migraine have been reported in the US. Migraine in African Americans (AA) is more frequent, more severe, more likely to become chronic and associated with more depression and lower quality of life compared to non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). It is possible that racial differences in prescribing practices contribute to these differences, but little is known about the quality of migraine prescribing patterns in the US or whether racial differences exist. Objective To determine if racial differences in quality of migraine medical prescription care exist...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648991/longitudinal-pathways-from-unconventional-personal-attributes-in-the-late-20s-to-cannabis-use-prior-to-sexual-intercourse-in-the-late-30s
#15
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Kerstin Pahl, David W Brook
A quarter of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States are women. Furthermore, African American and Hispanic/Latina women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV, compared with women of other races/ethnicities. Cannabis use prior to intercourse may be associated with increased risky sexual behaviors which are highly related to HIV. The ultimate goal of this research is to better understand the relationships between unconventional personal attributes (e.g...
May 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648960/effect-of-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-gene-taqib-polymorphism-on-the-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#16
Dan-Dan Yu, Qiong-Qiong Ren, Bao Dong, Dong-Dong Zhao, Ye-Huan Sun
BACKGROUND: The association between cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) TaqIB polymorphism and ischemic stroke (IS) risk has generated conflicting results. To investigate whether the TaqIB polymorphism of the CETP gene was associated with the risk of IS, a meta-analysis was performed. METHODS: Studies were retrieved by searching PubMed, Web of Science, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Chinese Wanfang Database, and the Chinese VIP Database before January 16, 2017...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648959/a-study-of-gwas-supported-variants-of-rs9943582-in-a-chinese-han-population-with-ischemic-stroke-no-associations-with-disease-onset-and-clinical-outcomes
#17
Hao Zhang, Lingli Sun, Huaiming Wang, Huan Cai, Guozhong Niu, Yongjie Bai, Yun Zhang, Dong Yang, Mengmeng Gu, Pengfei Xu, Xinying Fan, Xinfeng Liu, Gelin Xu
BACKGROUND: The variant rs9943582 of APLNR (apelin receptor) was identified by a large-scale study to be associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke in a Japanese population. We conducted this study to investigate the association between the variant and age of onset and clinical outcomes of ischemic stroke in a Chinese population. METHODS: Improved multiple ligase detection reaction was used to genotype the variant. We compared the mean age at ischemic stroke onset with one-way ANOVA...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648687/nramp1-d543n-and-int4-polymorphisms-in-susceptibility-to-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-meta-analysis
#18
Leyong Yuan, Zunqiong Ke, Yi Guo, Xueyan Xi, Zhiguo Luo
The association of natural resistance associated macrophage protein 1 (NRAMP1) polymorphisms (D543N, INT4) with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) risk have been widely reported. However, the findings of previous studies were inconsistent. To clarify the role of these polymorphisms in PTB, we performed a meta-analysis of all available and relevant published studies. Based on comprehensive searches of the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Elsevier Science Direct and Cochrane Library database, we identified outcome data from all articles estimating the association between NRAMP1 polymorphisms and PTB risk...
June 22, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648510/disorders-of-h2o2-generation
#19
REVIEW
Marina Muzza, Laura Fugazzola
After the identification of thyroid H2O2 generation system (DUOX) and of its maturation factors (DUOXA), defects in DUOX2 and/or DUOXA2 were rapidly recognized as the possible cause of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to thyroid dyshormonogenesis. The present Review reports data on the prevalence of DUOX2 mutations, which is variable among different series but invariably high, pointing to DUOX2 defects as one of the leading causes of dyshormonogenesis. Differently, DUOXA defects seem to be rarely involved in the pathogenesis of CH...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648504/disorders-of-thyroid-morphogenesis
#20
REVIEW
Rasha Abu-Khudir, Stéphanie Larrivée-Vanier, Jonathan D Wasserman, Johnny Deladoëy
Developmental anomalies of the thyroid gland, defined as thyroid dysgenesis, underlie the majority of cases of congenital hypothyroidism. Thyroid dysgenesis is predominantly a sporadic disorder although a reported familial enrichment, variation of incidence by ethnicity and the monogenic defects associated mainly with athyreosis or orthotopic thyroid hypoplasia, suggest a genetic contribution. Of note, the most common developmental anomaly, thyroid ectopy, remains unexplained. Ectopy may result from multiple genetic or epigenetic variants in the germline and/or at the somatic level...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
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