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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677693/does-the-consecutive-interpreting-approach-enhance-medical-english-communication-skills-of-japanese-speaking-students
#1
Hideki Iizuka, Alan K Lefor
Objectives: To determine if the Consecutive Interpreting Approach enhances medical English communication skills of students in a Japanese medical university and to assess this method based on performance and student evaluations. Methods:  This is a three-phase study using a mixed-methods design, which starts with four language reproduction activities for 30 medical and 95 nursing students, followed by a quantitative analysis of perfect-match reproduction rates to assess changes over the duration of the study and qualitative error analysis of participants' language reproduction...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677642/diagnostic-value-of-18-f-fluordesoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-for-patients-with-brain-metastasis-from-unknown-primary-site
#2
Fabian Wolpert, Michael Weller, Anna Sophie Berghoff, Elisabeth Rushing, Lisa Michaela Füreder, Gregory Petyt, Henning Leske, Nicolaus Andratschke, Luca Regli, Marian Christoph Neidert, Roger Stupp, Rolf Stahel, Reinhard Dummer, Thomas Frauenfelder, Patrick Roth, Nicolas Reyns, Philipp Antonio Kaufmann, Matthias Preusser, Emilie Le Rhun
BACKGROUND: In 30% of patients with brain metastasis (BM), neurological symptoms are the first clinical manifestation of systemic malignancy, referred to as BM from cancer of unknown primary site (BM-CUPS). Here, we define the diagnostic value of 18 F-fluordesoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in the workup of BM-CUPS. METHODS: We screened 565 patients operated for BM at the University Hospital Zurich and identified 64 patients with BM-CUPS with data on both FDG-PET/CT and contrast-enhanced chest/abdomen computed tomography (CT) available at BM diagnosis...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677634/physiological-variations-in-reproductive-and-metabolic-features-of-white-tailed-deer-odocoileus-virginianus-bucks-throughout-the-rutting-season
#3
Jamie L Stewart, Clifford F Shipley, Robyn E Ellerbrock, Lauren Schmidt, Fabio S Lima, Igor F Canisso
White-tailed deer farming is a growing industry in the United States, yet there is still a need to improve breeding practices in captive cervids. The objective of this study was to compare reproductive and somatic characteristics of white-tailed bucks early in the breeding season (September), at peak rut (December), and late breeding season (March). We hypothesized that reproductive parameters would improve at the peak of the breeding season. Young, mature bucks (n = 7-11, ages 2-3 yr) were anesthetized via projector with tiletamine-zolazepam and xylazine...
April 12, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677630/resting-heart-rate-and-the-incidence-and-progression-of-valvular-calcium-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#4
Kojo Amoakwa, Oluwaseun E Fashanu, Martin Tibuakuu, Di Zhao, Eliseo Guallar, Seamus P Whelton, Wesley T O'Neal, Wendy S Post, Matthew J Budoff, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Left-sided valvular calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Resting heart rate (RHR) may influence valvular calcium progression through shear stress. Whether RHR, an established CVD risk factor, is associated with valvular calcium progression is unknown. We assessed whether RHR predicts incidence and progression of mitral annular calcium (MAC) and aortic valve calcium (AVC) in a community-based cohort free of CVD at baseline...
April 6, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677623/cerebrospinal-fluid-fgf23-levels-correlate-with-a-measure-of-impulsivity
#5
Hui Li, Zhiyong Cao, Jinzhong Xu, Fan Wang, Rongrong Xiong, Zeping Xu, Xianming Luo, Guohua Li, Xingqi Tan, Zhiyang Liu, Zhiqin Gao, Yimin Kang, Jian Xiao, Yanlong Liu, Xiaokun Li
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a bone-derived protein produced mainly by osteocytes and osteoblasts and at low levels in specific parts of the brain. It has been shown to associate with mood regulation. Lithium treatment gives rise to significant elevations of serum FGF23 levels in depressive patients. High peripheral blood FGF23 levels correlated with poor cognitive performance in hemodialysis patients. However, no direct evidence demonstrates a relationship between FGF23 and mood regulation. In this study, we aimed to measure the concentration of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) FGF23 and to explore its relationship with a cluster of emotional characteristics...
April 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677622/genetic-correlations-between-wellbeing-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-behavioral-responses-to-the-emotional-faces-task-in-healthy-twins
#6
Kylie M Routledge, Leanne M Williams, Anthony W F Harris, Peter R Schofield, C Richard Clark, Justine M Gatt
Currently there is a very limited understanding of how mental wellbeing versus anxiety and depression symptoms are associated with emotion processing behaviour. For the first time, we examined these associations using a behavioural emotion task of positive and negative facial expressions in 1668 healthy adult twins. Linear mixed model results suggested faster reaction times to happy facial expressions was associated with higher wellbeing scores, and slower reaction times with higher depression and anxiety scores...
March 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677606/5-hz-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-comorbid-with-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Linda L Carpenter, Christine Conelea, Audrey R Tyrka, Emma S Welch, Benjamin D Greenberg, Lawrence H Price, Matthew Niedzwiecki, Agustin G Yip, Jennifer Barnes, Noah S Philip
BACKGROUND: Standard clinical protocols for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for major depressive disorder (MDD) apply 10 Hz pulses over left prefrontal cortex, yet little is known about the effects of rTMS in more diagnostically complex depressed patients. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is commonly comorbid with MDD, and while rTMS has been shown to alleviate PTSD symptoms in preliminary studies, ideal parameters remain unclear...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677580/effects-of-a-skill-demonstration-video-delivered-by-smartphone-on-facilitating-nursing-students-skill-competencies-and-self-confidence-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study
#8
Yeu-Hui Chuang, Fu-Chih Lai, Chia-Chi Chang, Hsu-Tien Wan
BACKGROUND: The correct and appropriate performance of nursing skills by students can ensure patient safety and care quality. However, developing appropriate teaching and learning strategies to enhance nursing students' nursing skills and knowledge are challenging tasks for nursing faculty members. Nowadays, smartphones are popular mobile devices that are used on campuses by students and could be considered a potential tool to deliver learning materials to nursing students. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effects of a skill demonstration video delivered by smartphone on facilitating nursing students' nursing skill competency and confidence...
April 7, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677572/temperament-and-character-profiles-are-associated-with-depression-outcome-in-psychiatric-secondary-care-patients-with-harmful-drinking
#9
Vesa Paavonen, Kaisa Luoto, Antero Lassila, Esa Leinonen, Olli Kampman
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character profiles have been associated with depression outcome and alcohol abuse comorbidity in depressed patients. How harmful alcohol use modifies the effects of temperament and character on depression outcome is not well known. Knowledge of these associations could provide a method for enhancing more individualized treatment strategies for these patients. METHODS: We screened 242 depressed patients with at least moderate level of depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677568/validation-of-the-cps-eg-and-neo-bioscore-staging-systems-after-preoperative-systemic-therapy-for-breast-cancer-in-a-single-center-in-china
#10
Ling Xu, Xuening Duan, Bin Zhou, Yinhua Liu, Jingming Ye, Zhaorui Liu, Chao Ma, Hong Zhang, Shuang Zhang, Lanbo Zhang, Jianxin Zhao, Yuanjia Cheng
BACKGROUND: Prognostic assessment after preoperative systemic therapy (PST) plays a vital role in determining treatment in breast cancer patients. Many researchers have sought to develop a system to quantitate residual tumor and its correlation with prognosis after PST. This retrospective study validated the CPS + EG staging system and Neo-Bioscore in a single center in China. METHODS: Data from patients with non-metastatic primary breast cancer who were treated with PST and surgery from Jan...
April 17, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677566/association-between-cumberland-ankle-instability-tool-score-and-postural-stability-in-collegiate-soccer-players-with-and-without-functional-ankle-instability
#11
Shun Kunugi, Akihiko Masunari, Naruto Yoshida, Shumpei Miyakawa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) scores and postural stability during a diagonal landing, and to investigate whether postural stability is altered in collegiate soccer players with and without functional ankle instability (FAI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one soccer players were classified into a FAI group (history of at least two ankle sprains and a CAIT-Japanese version score ≤25, n = 28), a copers group (history of one ankle sprain and a CAIT-Japanese version score ≥26, n = 32), or a control group (no history of ankle sprain, n = 31)...
March 23, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677548/combination-of-curcumin-and-vagus-nerve-stimulation-attenuates-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-induced-behavioral-deficits
#12
Jian Xu, Xinjuan Kong, Hong Xiu, Yihe Dou, Zeyu Wu, Peng Sun
AIM: Previous studies indicated that cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury (CI/RI) could induce behavioral deficits. Single treatment of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) or curcumin is reported to restore CI/RI-induced behavioral deficits. However, the synergic effect remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided into 6 groups: sham, CI/RI, VNS, CI/RI + VNS, VNS + curcumin and CI/RI + VNS + curcumin groups. Each group was further divided into three or four subgroups for further assessments...
April 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677526/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-4-o-methyl-benzenesulfonyl-benzoxazolone-mbb-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-as-a-novel-nsaids-lead-compound
#13
Li Tang, Jie-Ran Luo, Dai-Tian Li, Rui Ge, Yun-Long Ma, Fei Xu, Tai-Gang Liang, Shu-Rong Ban, Qing-Shan Li
BACKGROUND: Great attention has been paid to the development of novel anti-inflammatory drugs to overcome the adverse reactions of traditional drugs. Recently, a new compound 4-o-methyl-benzenesulfonyl benzoxazolone (MBB) we have prepared attracted our attention for its promising anti-inflammatory activity and low toxicity. The present study aimed to further investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of MBB both in vivo and in vitro in order to determine its potential as a novel NSAIDs lead compound...
December 15, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#14
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677500/raman-spectral-analysis-for-rapid-screening-of-dengue-infection
#15
T Mahmood, H Nawaz, A Ditta, M I Majeed, M A Hanif, N Rashid, H N Bhatti, H F Nargis, M Saleem, F Bonnier, H J Byrne
Infection with the dengue virus is currently clinically detected according to different biomarkers in human blood plasma, commonly measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assays, including non-structural proteins (Ns1), immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG). However, there is little or no mutual correlation between the biomarkers, as demonstrated in this study by a comparison of their levels in samples from 17 patients. As an alternative, the label free, rapid screening technique, Raman spectroscopy has been used for the characterisation/diagnosis of healthy and dengue infected human blood plasma samples...
April 11, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677480/effect-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-habits-on-obesity-a-multicentric-study
#16
Mirta Crovetto, Macarena Valladares, Valentina Espinoza, Francisco Mena, Gloria Oñate, Macarena Fernandez, Samuel Durán-Agüero
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize and compare eating patterns of university students in Chile, by sex and body weight, body mass index, and nutritional status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. University students (n = 1454) of Chile were evaluated. A self-assessment survey was used to evaluate healthy eating habits using a questionnaire with values between 1 (do not consume) and 5 (consume) for a total of 9 to 45 points (higher values represent better eating habits)...
February 19, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677361/alterations-of-murine-subbasal-corneal-nerves-after-environmental-dry-eye-stress
#17
Cem Simsek, Takashi Kojima, Murat Dogru, Kazuo Tsubota
Purpose: To investigate the morphologic changes in the corneal subbasal nerve (CSN) plexus in wild-type mice after exposure to environmental dry eye stress (EDES) using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). Methods: We examined 22 eyes of 8-week-old wild-type male mice (Balb/c, n = 11). The mice were exposed to an air fan inside a small compartment 5 hours/day for 3 days (EDES). Aqueous tear secretion and corneal epithelial damage were assessed. The CSNs were investigated by laser-scanning IVCM...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677335/the-eye-tracks-the-aesthetic-appeal-of-sentences
#18
Hideyuki Hoshi, Winfried Menninghaus
Eye-tracking parameters (fixation and pupillary responses) have been shown to be modulated by the aesthetic perception and evaluation of visual and auditory artworks (e.g., paintings, music). The present study investigated whether similar effects can be found in visual text processing. Participants read four groups of short sentences in which a key predictor of aesthetic liking, i.e., familiarity, was systematically modified to four degrees. Across all four groups, the sentences moreover varied with regard to featuring or not featuring meter...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677302/effect-of-uterosacral-ligament-suspension-vs-sacrospinous-ligament-fixation-with-or-without-perioperative-behavioral-therapy-for-pelvic-organ-vaginal-prolapse-on-surgical-outcomes-and-prolapse-symptoms-at-5-years-in-the-optimal-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
J Eric Jelovsek, Matthew D Barber, Linda Brubaker, Peggy Norton, Marie Gantz, Holly E Richter, Alison Weidner, Shawn Menefee, Joseph Schaffer, Norma Pugh, Susan Meikle
Importance: Uterosacral ligament suspension (ULS) and sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) are commonly performed pelvic organ prolapse procedures despite a lack of long-term efficacy data. Objective: To compare outcomes in women randomized to (1) ULS or SSLF and (2) usual care or perioperative behavioral therapy and pelvic floor muscle training (BPMT) for vaginal apical prolapse. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 2 × 2 factorial randomized clinical trial was conducted at 9 US medical centers...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677205/anemia-in-tuberculosis-cases-and-household-controls-from-tanzania-contribution-of-disease-coinfections-and-the-role-of-hepcidin
#20
Jerry Hella, Colin I Cercamondi, Francis Mhimbira, Mohamed Sasamalo, Nicole Stoffel, Marcel Zwahlen, Thomas Bodmer, Sebastien Gagneux, Klaus Reither, Michael B Zimmermann, Lorenz Risch, Lukas Fenner
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) induces a systemic inflammatory state affecting iron homeostasis. Patients with TB often have additional comorbidities such as anemia which can result in poorer treat outcomes. We studied the contribution of anemia and the role of the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin among TB patients and household contacts. METHODS: We analyzed serum samples from 102 TB cases and 98 controls without TB, matched by age/sex, for hepcidin, iron, and inflammation parameters...
2018: PloS One
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