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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823138/the-effect-of-age-genotype-and-sex-on-carcass-traits-meat-quality-and-sensory-attributes-of-geese
#1
Linda Uhlířová, Eva Tůmová, Darina Chodová, Jana Vlčková, Mohamed Ketta, Zdeněk Volek, Věra Skřivanová
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare carcass traits, meat quality and sensory attributes in two different genotypes of geese according to age and sex. Methods: The experiment was carried out on 160 birds of two genotypes of geese: the Czech Goose (CG) breed and a Eskildsen Schwer (ES) hybrid. One-d-old goslings were divided into four groups according to genotype and sex. Two dates for slaughtering (at 8 and 16 wk of age of goslings) were undertaken. Results: The slaughter weight, cold carcass weight and dressing percentage were affected by all the studied factors, and significant interactions between age, genotype and sex were detected in the slaughter weight (P < 0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823077/comparison-of-physical-function-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-treated-with-biologics-for-1%C3%A2-year-who-achieved-clinical-remission-or-low-disease-activity
#3
Yosuke Hattori, Daihei Kida, Atsushi Kaneko
This study aimed to evaluate whether targeting clinical remission is appropriate for suppressing physical dysfunction in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Subjects were all 75 early RA patients (within 2 years of onset) who were continuously treated with biologics for 12 months at our hospital. We evaluated the Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) and Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI) at 3, 6, and 12 months from the initiation of biologics therapy. Rates of functional remission (HAQ-DI ≤ 0...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823061/validity-and-reliability-of-the-norwegian-translation-of-the-achilles-tendon-total-rupture-score
#4
Ståle Bergman Myhrvold, Øystein Sandnes, Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken
PURPOSE: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly being used in clinical research. The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) is a PROM designed to assess outcomes in patients with ruptures of the Achilles tendon. The aim of this study was to develop a Norwegian adaption of the ATRS and evaluate its validity and reliability. METHODS: The ATRS was translated into Norwegian in accordance with recommended guidelines. The study included 94 patients treated for Achilles tendon ruptures from January 2010 until February 2013, and the web-based questionnaires were administered twice...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823060/cardiac-death-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-aneurysm-remodeling-and-myocardial-viability-by-gated-99m-tc-mibi-spect-and-gated-18-f-fdg-pet
#5
Weixue Wang, Xiang Li, Congna Tian, Shihua Zhao, Marcus Hacker, Xiaoli Zhang
(1) To evaluate the prognostic value of LV remodeling parameters in patients with LV aneurysm by gated SPECT (GSPECT), gated PET (GPET) and CMR; (2) to evaluate the impact of myocardial viability and LV remodeling on the long-term cardiac survival in patients with LV aneurysm. One hundred and twenty-six consecutive patients underwent GPET, GSPECT and CMR within two weeks, with a mean follow-up of 3.9 ± 1.5 years. End-diastolic volume (EDV, mL) and end-systolic volume (ESV, mL) measured by GPET, GSPECT and CMR and corrected for BSA; EDVI and ESVI were calculated...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823055/effectivity-of-a-modified-sanz-risk-model-for-early-death-prediction-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia
#6
Yinjun Lou, Yafang Ma, Jianai Sun, Sansan Suo, Hongyan Tong, Wenbin Qian, Wenyuan Mai, Haitao Meng, Jie Jin
Early death is the main obstacle for the cure of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We have analyzed risk factors of early death from 526 consecutive newly diagnosed APL patients between 2004 and 2016. The overall incidence of early death was 7.2% (38/526). The peak hazard of early death occurred in the first 0-3 days. Multivariate logistic analysis demonstrated white blood cell (WBC) counts [odds ratio (OR) = 1.039; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.024-1.055; P < 0.001], age (OR = 1...
August 19, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823037/female-sex-is-associated-with-greater-rotatory-knee-laxity-in-collegiate-athletes
#7
Thomas R Pfeiffer, Ajay C Kanakamedala, Elmar Herbst, Kanto Nagai, Conor Murphy, Jeremy M Burnham, Adam Popchak, Richard E Debski, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this observational study was to determine which factors, including sex, are associated with increased rotatory knee laxity in collegiate athletes with no history of knee injuries. It was hypothesized that increased rotatory knee laxity, measured by a quantitative pivot shift test, would correlate with female sex, increased anterior translation during the Lachman test, generalized ligamentous laxity, and knee hyperextension. METHODS: Ninety-eight collegiate athletes with a median age of 20 (range 18-25) years with no history of knee injuries were tested...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823014/assessment-of-the-quality-of-the-harran-plain-soils-under-long-term-cultivation
#8
Ali Volkan Bilgili, Çiğdem Küçük, Harold M Van Es
Soil quality refers to the ability of soils to perform their functions well. The soils of the Harran Plain, Turkey, have been put into intensive crop production with the introduction of an irrigation scheme and become increasingly degraded due to unsustainable management and cropping systems that resulted in the loss of production potential. The goal of this study was to quantify the quality of common soil series in the Plain using soil quality indexes (SQI) and to compare SQIs of two long-term crop rotations, cotton and wheat-corn cultivation, and different soil types...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823006/impact-of-gleason-score-on-biochemical-recurrence-in-patients-with-pt3an0-nx-prostate-cancer-with-positive-surgical-margins-a-multicenter-study-from-the-prostate-cancer-research-committee
#9
Wan Song, Dong Hyeon Lee, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byong Chang Jeong, Seong Il Seo, Hyun Moo Lee, Han Yong Choi, Jong Wook Kim, SangChul Lee, Seok-Soo Byun, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Jin Seon Cho, Hanjong Ahn, Seong Soo Jeon
PURPOSE: Oncologic outcomes of patients with pT3aN0/Nx prostate cancer (PCa) with positive surgical margins (PSM) after radical prostatectomy (RP) are heterogeneous. We investigated the impact of Gleason score (GS) on biochemical recurrence (BCR) in these patients. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter study was performed on 795 patients with pT3aN0/Nx PCa with PSM after RP between January 2006 and December 2014. Clinicopathologic characteristics of patients were examined and onset of BCR was identified...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822999/preservation-of-remnant-with-poor-synovial-coverage-has-no-beneficial-effect-over-remnant-sacrifice-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#10
Bo Hyun Kim, Joong Il Kim, Osung Lee, Ki Woung Lee, Myung Chul Lee, Hyuk Soo Han
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of synovial coverage of the remnant on clinical outcomes and graft healing in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Seventy-five patients who underwent second-look arthroscopy after a single-bundle ACL reconstruction using autologous quadriceps tendon graft were included. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether the remnant was preserved (group P, n = 42) or sacrificed (group S, n = 33)...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822993/seropositivity-and-titers-of-anti-smooth-muscle-actin-antibody-are-associated-with-relapse-of-type-1-autoimmune-hepatitis
#11
Taro Shibuki, Taiga Otsuka, Hiroshi Isoda, Norimasa Araki, Yoshihito Kubotsu, Yasunori Kawaguchi, Shunya Nakashita, Wataru Yoshioka, Seiji Kawazoe, Hiroaki Kawasoe, Yasushi Ide, Toshihiko Mizuta, Saga Study Group Of Liver Diseases Sasld
BACKGROUND It is important to avoid relapse in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) because repeated multiple relapses have been associated with a worse prognosis. However, risk factors for relapse before initiation of treatment are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to find predictive markers for relapse of type 1 AIH. MATERIAL AND METHODS We reviewed the records of 53 patients diagnosed with type 1 AIH based on the revised scoring system proposed by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) between 2009 and 2014 at 4 hospitals belonging to the Saga Study Group of Liver Diseases (SASLD)...
August 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822941/selenium-status-during-pregnancy-influential-factors-and-effects-on-neuropsychological-development-among-spanish-infants
#12
Rubén Amorós, Mario Murcia, Ferran Ballester, Karin Broberg, Carmen Iñiguez, Marisa Rebagliato, Helena Skröder, Llúcia González, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Sabrina Llop
Selenium (Se) has been positively associated with neurodevelopment in early life. However, its margin of safety is rather narrow, and few prospective studies have evaluated its potential neurotoxic effects at intermediate levels. We aimed to explore the association between maternal Se concentrations and child neuropsychological development, including the genetic effect modification of the Se metabolizing gene INMT. Study subjects were 650 mother-child pairs from the Spanish Childhood and Environment Project (INMA, 2003-2005)...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822900/supportive-care-pathway-functionalities-of-ehr-system-in-a-saudi-arabian-hospital
#13
Bakheet Aldosari
BACKGROUND: Electronic health record (EHR) is a data management system used in healthcare services. The stored medical information in EHR can be accessed and utilized by authorized users, which helps clinicians in making clinical decisions. Therefore, this study aims at comparing the embedded clinical guidelines or the supportive pathway functions as well as their compliance level in the two EMR systems, i.e. QuadraMed (QCPR) and BestCare. METHODS: A test vignette was used to evaluate the features, functions, performance, and output to assess the EHR clinical path way functionality of the QCPR and BestCare...
August 12, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822884/with-directed-study-before-a-4-day-operating-room-management-course-trust-in-the-content-did-not-change-progressively-during-the-classroom-time
#14
Franklin Dexter, Richard H Epstein, Brenda G Fahy, Lyn M Van Swol
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A 4-day course in operating room (OR) management is sufficient to provide anesthesiologists with the knowledge and problem solving skills needed to participate in projects of the systems-based-practice competency. Anesthesiologists may need to learn fewer topics when the objective is, instead, limited to comprehension of decision-making on the day of surgery, We tested the hypothesis that trust in course content would not increase further after completion of topics related to OR decision-making on the day of surgery...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822872/different-mossy-fiber-sprouting-patterns-in-ilae-hippocampal-sclerosis-types
#15
Barbara Schmeiser, Jinmei Li, Armin Brandt, Josef Zentner, Soroush Doostkam, Thomas M Freiman
OBJECTIVE: Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the most prevalent pathology in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) characterized by segmental neuronal cell loss in the cornu ammonis (CA) 1-4. In addition, migration of granule cells and reorganization of their axons is observed, known as granule cell dispersion (GCD) and mossy fiber sprouting (MFS). The loss of mossy fibers` (MF) target cells in CA4 and CA3 was considered to be causative for MFS. The ILAE HS (International League Against Epilepsy) classification identifies three subtypes with different cell loss patterns in CA1-4...
August 8, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822858/comparison-of-genome-engineering-using-the-crispr-cas9-system-in-c-glabrata-wild-type-and-lig4-strains
#16
Yuke Cen, Bea Timmermans, Ben Souffriau, Johan M Thevelein, Patrick Van Dijck
Candida glabrata is reported as the second most prevalent human opportunistic fungal pathogen in North America and is threatening patients all over the world. Its incidence is rising, while it has developed resistance to the most widely used antifungal drugs, necessitating new approaches based on better insight into the biology of the organism. Despite its close phylogenetic relationship with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, generating precise genomic alterations in this species is problematic. Previously we have shown that deletion of LIG4, which encodes an enzyme involved in Non-Homologous End Joining (NHEJ), strongly enhances the probability of obtaining correctly modified transformants...
August 16, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822841/the-effciency-and-safety-of-tvt-abbrevo-versus-tvt-exact-in-the-normal-weight-and-overweight-patients-affected-by-stress-urinary-incontinence
#17
Yi Sun, Deyi Luo, Lu Yang, Xin Wei, Cai Tang, Mei Chen, Hong Shen, Qiang Wei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the compare efficacy between the two differernt slings in normal weight and overweight women. METHODS: There were 426 women, 220 women (119 normal weight and 101 overweight) accepted the TVT-A and 206 womens (141 normal weight and 92 overweight) accepted the TVT-E procedure. Data collected contained the subjectively efficiency, objectively efficiency, Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF), Incontinence Quality Of Life questionnaire (I-QOL), Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7), Urogenital Distress Inventory short form (UDI-6) and (Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire short form) PISQ-12 at the 36 months after the surgery...
August 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822826/depression-is-associated-with-the-long-term-outcome-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#18
Iina Tuomainen, Maarit Pakarinen, Timo Aalto, Sanna Sinikallio, Heikki Kröger, Heimo Viinamäki, Olavi Airaksinen
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Depression is associated with greater postoperative disability in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients. No previous studies have reported the association in a 10-year follow-up. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between preoperative and postoperative depressive symptoms and the surgical outcome among LSS patients in a 10-year follow-up. In addition, we examined the effects of the depressive burden on the surgical outcome. DESIGN: A prospective observational follow-up study...
August 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822797/influence-of-bcr-abl-transcript-type-on-outcome-in-patients-with-chronic-phase-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-treated-with%C3%A2-imatinib
#19
Katia Borgia Barbosa Pagnano, Eliana Cristina Miranda, Márcia Torresan Delamain, Gislaine Oliveira Duarte, Erich Vinicius de Paula, Irene Lorand-Metze, Carmino Antonio de Souza
BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of breakpoint cluster region gene-Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1 (BCR-ABL1) transcripts in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is still controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consecutive CML patients in chronic phase treated with imatinib in a single center were analyzed (n = 170). BCR-ABL1 transcript was evaluated using multiplex reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Exclusively patients with BCR-ABL transcripts e13a2 and/or e14a2 were included in this analysis...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822756/differences-in-psychosocial-and-behavioral-variables-by-dietary-screening-tool-risk-category-in-older-adults
#20
Geoffrey W Greene, Ingrid Lofgren, Chelsea Paulin, Mary L Greaney, Phillip G Clark
BACKGROUND: The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) has been validated as a dietary screening instrument for older adults defining three categories of potential nutritional risk based on DST score cutoffs. Previous research has found that older adults classified as being "at risk" differed from those categorized as being "not at risk" for a limited number of health-related variables. The relationship between risk categories and a wide variety of variables has not yet been explored. This research will contribute to an increased understanding of clustering of multiple health concerns in this population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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