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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534210/association-study-of-estrogen-receptor-alpha-gene-polymorphisms-with-bone-mass-assessed-by-quantitative-ultrasound-in-young-adults
#1
María Correa-Rodriguez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Blanca Rueda-Medina
Different genetic variants in estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) have been shown to influence bone phenotypes including quantitative bone ultrasound in elderly. We aimed to investigate the role of ESR1 polymorphisms in bone mass assessed by calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in a population of young adults. The study sample consisted of 466 healthy individuals of Caucasian ancestry (315 females and 152 males) aged 18 and 25 years (median age 20.39 ± 2.70). Six ESR1 polymorphisms (rs302033, rs2982552, rs2982575, rs2504063, rs2234693-PvuII and rs9340799-XbaI) were selected as genetic markers and genotyped...
May 22, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532823/effects-of-rumen-protected-methionine-and-choline-supplementation-on-steroidogenic-potential-of-the-first-postpartum-dominant-follicle-and-expression-of-immune-mediators-in-holstein-cows
#2
D A V Acosta, M I Rivelli, C Skenandore, Z Zhou, D H Keisler, D Luchini, M N Corrêa, F C Cardoso
Multiparous Holstein cows were assigned in a randomized complete block design into four treatments from 21 d before calving to 30 d in milk (DIM). Treatments were: MET [n = 19, fed the basal diet + rumen-protected methionine at a rate of 0.08% (w/w) of the dry matter, Smartamine(®) M], CHO (n = 17, fed the basal diet + choline 60 g/d, Reashure(®)), MIX (n = 21, fed the basal diet + Smartamine(®) M at a rate of 0.08% (w/w) of the dry matter and 60 g/d Reashure(®)), and CON (n = 20, no supplementation, fed the close-up and fresh cow diets)...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528536/efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-and-rectus-sheath-block-with-ropivacaine-and-dexmedetomidine-in-elderly-high-risk-patients-undergoing-emergency-abdominal-surgery
#3
Lili Xu, Zhiyong Hu, Jianjun Shen, Patrick M McQuillan
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and rectus sheath (RS) blocks with ropivacaine and dexmedetomidine in elderly, high-risk patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery. METHODS: Sixty elderly patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery receiving both bilateral ultrasound-guided TAP and RS blocks were randomly divided into two groups: R+D (10 ml of 0.25% ropivacaine+0...
May 19, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526487/ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-injection-in-dogs-a-cadaveric-study
#4
Diego A Portela, Luis Campoy, Pablo E Otero, Manuel Martin-Flores, Robin D Gleed
OBJECTIVE: To describe ultrasound-visualized anatomy and the spread characteristics of a dye injected in the thoracic paravertebral (TPV) space under ultrasound guidance. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic cadaver study. ANIMALS: Seven dog cadavers. METHODS: One cadaver was used to observe, identify, and describe the relevant TPV anatomy. In the remaining six, the left fifth TPV space was randomly assigned to be injected with either a low volume (LV; 0...
February 16, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526467/bloqueio-cir%C3%A3%C2%BArgico-do-plano-transverso-abdominal-versus-guiado-por-ultrassom-em-pacientes-obesas-ap%C3%A3-s-ces%C3%A3-rea-estudo-prospectivo-e-randomizado
#5
Aykut Urfalıoğlu, Murat Bakacak, Ömer Faruk Boran, Fatih Mehmet Yazar, Mahmut Arslan, Hafize Öksüz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block demonstrated efficacy in providing post-operative analgesia by prolonging the time to first analgesic requirement and reducing the total analgesic consumption. The surgical transversus abdominis plane block, a novel technique, can be performed safely in obese patients in whom muscle layers cannot be sufficiently exposed. Here, we compared applicability, efficacy and complications of surgical transversus abdominis plane and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks in obese pregnant women following cesarean section under general anesthesia...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526464/-transient-horner-s-syndrome-after-single-shot-paravertebral-block
#6
Birzat Emre Gölboyu, Mürsel Ekinci, Pınar Karaca Baysal, Ayşe Nur Yeksan, Erkan Cem Çelik, Zeynep Bilgi, Murat Aksun
BACKGROUND: Thoracic paravertebral block can provide analgesia for unilateral chest surgery and is associated with a low complication rate. Horner syndrome also referred to as oculosympathetic paresis, is a classic neurologic constellation of ipsilateral blepharoptosis, pupillary miosis, and facial anhidrosis resulting from disruption of the sympathetic pathway supplying the head, eye, and neck. CASE REPORT: We present a patient with an ipsilateral transient Horner syndrome after ultrasound guided single shot of 15mL 0...
May 17, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516829/factors-associated-with-failure-of-emergency-wait-time-targets-for-high-acuity-discharges-and-intensive-care-unit-admissions
#7
Ivy Cheng, Merrick Zwarenstein, Alex Kiss, Maaret Castren, Mats Brommels, Michael Schull
OBJECTIVE: Ontario established emergency department length-of-stay (EDLOS) targets but has difficulty achieving them. We sought to determine predictors of target time failure for discharged high acuity patients and intensive care unit (ICU) admissions. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study of 2012 Sunnybrook Hospital emergency department data. The main outcome measure was failing to meet government EDLOS targets for high acuity discharges and ICU emergency admissions...
May 18, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515517/a-clinical-comparison-between-0-5-levobupivacaine-and-0-5-levobupivacaine-with-dexamethasone-8-mg-combination-in-brachial-plexus-block-by-the-supraclavicular-approach
#8
Nibedita Pani, Sidharth Sraban Routray, Debasis Mishra, Basant Kumar Pradhan, Bishnu Prasad Mohapatra, Deepti Swain
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dexamethasone as an adjuvant to bupivacaine for supraclavicular brachial plexus (SCBP) block prolongs motor and sensory blockade. However, the effect of dexamethasone (8 mg) when added to levobupivacaine has not been well studied. This study was conducted to find out analgesic efficacy of dexamethasone as adjuvant to levobupivacaine in SCBP block. METHODS: Ultrasound- guided SCBP block was given to sixty patients, randomly assigned into two groups...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512101/novel-use-of-combination-of-electromyography-and-ultrasound-to-guide-quadratus-lumborum-block-after-open-appendicectomy
#9
Cormac F Mullins, Conor O'Brien, Therese C O'Connor
The quadratus lumborum (QL) block facilitates the administration of anaesthesia to the anterior abdominal wall. The use of ultrasound (US) improves the accuracy of the QL block and reduces the risk of adverse events. Electromyography (EMG) in combination with US for muscle plane blocks has not been described previously. We postulated that the addition of EMG-guided needle positioning might assist the execution of this block. This case report describes the first use of combined needle EMG and US to carry out a QL block performed for postoperative analgesia following an open appendicectomy...
May 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497932/individual-duration-of-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-is-unpredictable-a-prospective-double-centred-observational-study
#10
Wouter Droog, D-Yin Lin, José S Huisman, Fleur A Franssen, G Peter van Aggelen, J Henk Coert, Eilish M Galvin
BACKGROUND: The duration of effect for axillary plexus block using ropivacaine is highly variable. The available literature does not offer any plausible means of predicting time of block offset for individual patients, making it difficult to give accurate information and plan postoperative analgesics. This study was designed to identify factors influencing axillary plexus block offset time. METHODS: A total of 92 patients participated in this prospective double centred observational study...
May 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494906/the-effect-of-morphine-added-to-bupivacaine-in-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-following-lower-abdominal-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Fatma Adel El Sherif, Sahar Abdel-Baky Mohamed, Shereen Mamdouh Kamal
OBJECTIVES: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block used for management of surgical abdominal pain by injecting local anesthetics into the plane between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles. We aimed to explore the effect of adding morphine to bupivacaine in ultrasound guided TAP-block in patients undergoing lower abdominal cancer surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, prospective study. Clinical trial identifier: NCT02566096. SETTING: Academic medical center...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494892/postoperative-analgesic-efficacy-of-single-shot-and-continuous-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Yun-Mi Choi, Gyeong-Jo Byeon, Soon-Ji Park, Young-Min Ok, Sang-Wook Shin, Kwangho Yang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided single-shot and continuous transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block to that of IV-PCA in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Post-anesthesia care unit and General ward. PATIENTS: 108 American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status I-II patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492298/use-of-the-ultrasound-guided-erector-spinae-plane-block-in-breast-surgery
#13
Daniele Bonvicini, Angelo Giacomazzi, Ernesto Pizzirani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490006/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-larynx-presenting-as-a-thyroid-mass-and-brief-literature-review
#14
Sadegh Shirian, Maryam Maghbool, Azita Aledavood, Shahrzad Negahban, Bijan Khademi, Yahya Daneshbod
BACKGROUND: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the larynx and trachea is very rare. CASE: A 45-year-old man with ACC of the larynx presenting as a thyroid mass is reported in this study. Physical examination revealed a large solid thyroid nodule in the left lobe without any lymphadenopathy. A technetium thyroid scan showed multinodular goiter with cold nodules in the left lobe, isthmus, and functioning nodules in the right lobe. A large thyroid mass originating from the left side of the larynx, mostly the left vocal cord and the infraglottic part, was seen using enhanced magnetic resonance imaging after rupture of the thyroid cartilage on the left side...
May 11, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489642/pupillary-reflex-for-evaluation-of-thoracic-paravertebral-block-a-prospective-observational-feasibility-study
#15
Baptiste Duceau, Mélanie Baubillier, Gaëlle Bouroche, Aline Albi-Feldzer, Christian Jayr
BACKGROUND: Although thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is recommended in major breast surgery, there is no gold standard to assess the success of TPVB. Pupillary dilation reflex (PDR) is the variation of the pupillary diameter after a noxious stimulus. The objective was to evaluate the feasibility of recording the PDR to assess analgesia in an anesthetized thoracic dermatome after TPVB. METHODS: This prospective, observational, single-center study included 32 patients requiring breast surgery under general anesthesia and TPVB...
May 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477229/feasibility-of-the-head-mounted-display-for-ultrasound-guided-nerve-blocks-a-pilot-simulator-study
#16
Yusuke Kasuya, Shota Moriwaki, Chiaki Inano, Tomoko Fukada, Ryu Komatsu, Makoto Ozaki
The head-mounted display (HMD) has the potential to improve the quality of ultrasound-guided procedures. The aim of this non-clinical crossover designed study is to evaluate the feasibility of the HMD for ultrasound-guided nerve block. Eight experienced anesthesiologists performed ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blocks on a training simulator with a standard approach and with an upside-down approach. Each approach was performed with a control conventional method and with an HMD. The ultrasound image and operating field were recorded by video camera...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472015/laparoscopic-assisted-tranversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-versus-ultrasonography-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-postlaparoscopic-cholecystectomy-pain-relief-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Niranjan T Ravichandran, Sarath C Sistla, Pankaj Kundra, S Manwar Ali, Baskaran Dhanapal, Indira Galidevara
OBJECTIVES: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for postoperative analgesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is usually given under ultrasound guidance. Laparoscopic-assisted TAP block has been suggested as an alternative to ultrasonogram (USG)-guided block as it is less time consuming and does not need extra equipments. This study was done to compare the efficacy of both the techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial between October 2012 and June 2014 involving adult patients with symptomatic gall stone disease...
May 3, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468607/does-local-infiltration-analgesia-reduce-peri-operative-inflammation-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#18
J Kuchálik, A Magnuson, E Tina, A Gupta
BACKGROUND: Postoperative inflammation following total hip arthroplasty (THA) can lead to delayed mobilization and return of hip function. Our primary aim was to assess whether local infiltration analgesia (LIA) during surgery can prevent postoperative inflammation. METHODS: This is a sub-analysis of data from a broader double-blind study where 56 patients received spinal anaesthesia for THA. Additionally, Group FNB (Femoral Nerve Block) received an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block using 30 mL of ropivacaine 7...
May 3, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461127/comparison-of-lidocaine-and-lidocaine-epinephrine-for-the-paravertebral-brachial-plexus-block-in-dogs
#19
Amélie Choquette, Jérôme R E Del Castillo, Maxim Moreau, Martin Guillot, Kate Alexander, Jean-Jacques Kona-Boun, Dominique Gauvin, Eric Troncy
OBJECTIVE: To compare the motor and sensory block efficacy and duration of a modified paravertebral brachial plexus block (PBPB) after administration of lidocaine alone (LI) or combined with epinephrine (LE). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, crossover study. ANIMALS: A total of eight healthy female Beagle dogs. METHODS: Under general anesthesia, modified PBPB was performed on the left thoracic limb using neurostimulation and/or ultrasound guidance to administer lidocaine (2 mg kg(-1); 0...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460809/ultrasound-guided-interscalene-nerve-block-vs-procedural-sedation-by-propofol-and-fentanyl-for-anterior-shoulder-dislocations
#20
Esmaeil Raeyat Doost, Mohammad Mehdi Heiran, Mitra Movahedi, Amirhossein Mirafzal
BACKGROUND: Few studies were performed to compare ultrasound guided brachial plexus block with procedural sedation for reduction of shoulder dislocations in the Emergency Department (ED). This study was done to provide further evidence regarding this comparison. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial performed on patients presenting with anterior shoulder dislocations to the emergency department of an academic level 2 trauma center. Exclusion criteria were any contraindications to the drugs used, any patient which may not be potentially assigned into both groups because of an underlying medical condition, presence of neurovascular compromise related to the dislocation, presence of concomitant fractures, and patient refusal to participate in the study...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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