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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601500/randomised-factorial-mixed-method-pilot-study-of-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-in-haemodialysis-patients-dialy-size
#1
Stephanie Thompson, Scott Klarenbach, Anita Molzahn, Anita Lloyd, Iwona Gabrys, Mark Haykowsky, Marcello Tonelli
OBJECTIVES: For people with end-stage renal disease requiring haemodialysis, exercise can improve aspects of quality of life (QoL). However, the relative benefits and risks of different types of exercise in this population are unknown. Therefore, this pilot study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a main study evaluating the efficacy of cycling and resistance exercise each performed during the haemodialysis treatment on QoL. METHODS: In this factorial (2×2) pilot trial, 31 haemodialysis patients were randomised to cycling, resistance, cycling and resistance, or an attention control...
September 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424171/external-facilitators-and-interprofessional-facilitation-teams-a-qualitative-study-of-their-roles-in-supporting-practice-change
#2
Sylvie Lessard, Céline Bareil, Lyne Lalonde, Fabie Duhamel, Eveline Hudon, Johanne Goudreau, Lise Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Facilitation is a powerful approach to support practice change. The purpose of this study is to better understand the facilitation roles exercised by both external facilitators and interprofessional facilitation teams to foster the implementation of change. Building on Dogherty et al.'s taxonomy of facilitation activities, this study uses an organizational development lens to identify and analyze facilitation roles. It includes a concise definition of what interprofessional facilitation teams actually do, thus expanding our limited knowledge of teams that act as change agents...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026522/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-patient-and-staff-perceptions-of-intradialytic-exercise
#3
Stephanie Thompson, Marcello Tonelli, Scott Klarenbach, Anita Molzahn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Randomized, controlled trials show that regular exercise is beneficial for patients on hemodialysis. Intradialytic exercise may have additional benefits, such as amelioration of treatment-related symptoms. However, the factors that influence the implementation of intradialytic exercise are largely unknown. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of patients on hemodialysis who had participated in a pilot randomized, controlled trial on intradialytic exercise and dialysis staff that worked in the unit during the trial...
June 6, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26205763/energy-expenditure-during-the-group-exercise-course-bodypump-in-young-healthy-individuals
#4
M P Berthiaume, M Lalande-Gauthier, S Chrone, A D Karelis
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine the energy expenditure during the group resistance training exercise course Bodypump in young healthy individuals. METHODS: The study population consisted of 40 men and women (age: 31.7±5.8 years, body mass index [BMI]: 24±2.6 kg/m2) that performed three 60-min sessions of the group resistance training exercise course Bodypump. Free living energy expenditure during the course was measured using the portable SenseWear armband...
June 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174104/mediating-effects-of-body-composition-between-physical-activity-and-body-esteem-in-hong-kong-adolescents-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#5
Kwok-Kei Mak, Ester Cerin, Alison M McManus, Ching-Man Lai, Jeffrey R Day, Sai-Yin Ho
UNLABELLED: This study investigated the mediating role of body mass index (BMI) in the relationship between physical activity and body esteem in adolescents. Nine hundred and five Hong Kong Chinese students aged 12-18 years participated in a cross-sectional study in 2007. Students' BMI was computed as an indicator of their body composition. Their physical activity level and body esteem were examined using the Physical Activity Rating for Children and Youth (PARCY) and Body Esteem Scale (BES), respectively...
January 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26095245/effect-of-adipose-tissue-volume-loss-on-circulating-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-results-from-a-1-year-lifestyle-intervention-in-viscerally-obese-men
#6
A Gangloff, J Bergeron, E Pelletier-Beaumont, J A Nazare, J Smith, A L Borel, I Lemieux, A Tremblay, P Poirier, N Alméras, J P Després
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although weight loss has been associated with changes in circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, the quantification of the increase in 25(OH)D levels as a function of adipose tissue volume loss precisely assessed by imaging has not been reported before. The objective of this substudy was to describe the effects of a 1-year lifestyle intervention on plasma 25(OH)D levels. The relationships between changes in 25(OH)D levels and changes in adiposity volume (total and by adipose tissue compartment) were studied...
November 2015: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25065476/implementation-of-resources-to-support-patient-physical-activity-through-diabetes-centres-in-nova-scotia-the-effectiveness-of-enhanced-support-for-exercise-participation
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jonathon R Fowles, Chris Shields, Lisette d'Entremont, Stephanie McQuaid, Brittany Barron, Peggy Dunbar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of enhancing support for physical activity counselling and exercise participation at diabetes centres in Nova Scotia on physical activity and exercise behaviours and clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: In all, 180 patients at 8 diabetes centres participated in this observational study. A range of enhanced supports for exercise were offered at these centres. A kinesiologist was added to the diabetes care team to primarily provide extra physical activity counselling and exercise classes...
December 2014: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24932398/significant-weight-loss-may-delay-or-eliminate-the-need-for-total-knee-replacement
#8
Jeffrey H DeClaire, Tatjana T Savich, B S Adrienne LeGasse Montgomery, Olayinka K Warritay
A 48-year-old morbidly obese woman with a left medial meniscal tear and moderately severe degenerative joint disease (DJD) reported for 14-month follow-up visit from arthroscopic surgery. She reported a resolution of pain, swelling and an improved range of motion (ROM). The patient was first evaluated 14 months ago, and at that time was considered a strong candidate for total knee replacement due to her limited (ROM), knee pain, swelling and functional impairment. At a 3 month visit prior to her initial evaluation the patient voluntarily enrolled in a nutritional and exercise program overseen by a licensed personal trainer and kinesiologist...
May 2014: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24790808/increased-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-breast-cancer-survivors-identified-by-routine-measurements-of-body-composition-resting-heart-rate-and-arterial-blood-pressure
#9
David H Jones, Melisa Nestore, Sara Henophy, Julia Cousin, Alain Steve Comtois
PURPOSE: The main objective of this prospective study was to obtain a better understanding of the body composition and vital sign measures of cancers survivors (CS) when compared to regular (R) patients. METHODS: A total of 9,315 female patients were evaluated: 476 CS and 8,839 R patients. Kinesiologists worked side by side with the medical/oncology team to collect a number of base-line measurements on body composition, resting heart rate, and blood pressure as part of the standard intake evaluation during the female patients' annual checkup...
2014: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24607076/a-double-blind-randomized-study-to-assess-the-validity-of-applied-kinesiology-ak-as-a-diagnostic-tool-and-as-a-nonlocal-proximity-effect
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stephan A Schwartz, Jessica Utts, S James P Spottiswoode, Christopher W Shade, Lisa Tully, William F Morris, Ginette Nachman
PREMISE: Applied Kinesiology (AK) is a diagnostic technique widely used within the Integrative Medical community. In essence, it posits that a question can be mentally held in a person's mind, sometimes while they are holding a substance like a vitamin, or a food sample, and by measuring relative muscular weakness an answer as to whether the substance or the condition represented by the question is good for that person can be obtained. This AK is presumed to have a diagnostic capability...
March 2014: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24355803/caring-for-kids-where-they-live-interprofessional-collaboration-in-teaching-and-learning-in-school-settings
#11
Marcella Ogenchuk, Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally
Across North America, educators are challenged with finding learning opportunities for students in the health professions. Faculty members with a pediatric specialization in nursing recognized that schools were an ideal setting to provide children with care from the health continuum including health promotion, assessment and treatment, and chronic disease management. The faculty of nursing at a Western Canadian University established a unique educational approach by creating an interprofessional pediatric clinical learning experience titled, Caring For Kids Where They Live...
May 2014: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24237852/-results-or-pelvi-perineal-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-pelvic-floor-dyssynergia
#12
Claudio Wainstein, Katya Carrillo, Alejandro J Zarate, Bernardita Fuentes, Mónica Venegas, Rodrigo Quera, Andrés Larach, Jorge Larach, Francisco López-Köstner
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor dyssynergia (PPD) is a common cause of outlet obstruction constipation. Treatment for this condition is based on pelvi-perineal re-education (PPR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of PPR on patients with PPD METHODS: Patients with the diagnosis of PPD were included. The study was conducted between 2010 and 2011. PPR was performed by specialized kinesiologists. Prior and after treatment a constipation questionnaire was performed (KESS) (scale from 0 to 39 points, a higher score is associated with more symptom severity)...
February 2014: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22637742/importance-of-characteristics-and-modalities-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-in-defining-the-benefits-to-cardiovascular-health-within-the-general-population-recommendations-from-the-eacpr-part-i
#13
REVIEW
L Vanhees, J De Sutter, N GeladaS, F Doyle, E Prescott, V Cornelissen, E Kouidi, D Dugmore, D Vanuzzo, M Börjesson, P Doherty
Over the last decades, more and more evidence is accumulated that physical activity (PA) and exercise interventions are essential components in primary and secondary prevention for cardiovascular disease. However, it is less clear whether and which type of PA and exercise intervention (aerobic exercise, dynamic resistive exercise, or both) or characteristic of exercise (frequency, intensity, time or duration, and volume) would yield more benefit in achieving cardiovascular health. The present paper, as the first of a series of three, will make specific recommendations on the importance of these characteristics for cardiovascular health in the population at large...
August 2012: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22014904/a-narrative-review-of-manual-muscle-testing-and-implications-for-muscle-testing-research
#14
Katharine M Conable, Anthony L Rosner
OBJECTIVE: Manual muscle testing (MMT) is used for a variety of purposes in health care by medical, osteopathic, chiropractic, physical therapy, rehabilitation, and athletic training professionals. The purpose of this study is to provide a narrative review of variations in techniques, durations, and forces used in MMT putting applied kinesiology (AK) muscle testing in context and highlighting aspects of muscle testing important to report in MMT research. METHOD: PubMed, the Collected Papers of the International College of Applied Kinesiology-USA, and related texts were searched on the subjects of MMT, maximum voluntary isometric contraction testing, and make/break testing...
September 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20110802/forensic-kinesiology-foundations-of-an-interdiscipline-for-accident-crime-investigation
#15
Thomas W Pelham, Laurence E Holt, Jason Holt
Kinesiology is the study of human movement, and comprises several disciplines, each devoted to a specific aspect of human activity, each with its own set of principles and methods to assess and analyze movement. Forensic kinesiology is the application of kinesiological techniques to accident/crime investigation; specialists in this field can use various tools and procedures to measure, analyze, model, and determine the movement sequences involved in events under investigation. This article will highlight major subdisciplines of kinesiology most relevant to forensics, present the key assessment and analytical tools used by kinesiologists, and demonstrate how both the principles and the practices of kinesiology can be applied to accident/crime investigation...
June 2010: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20070924/multidisciplinary-chronic-pain-management-in-a-rural-canadian-setting
#16
Robert Burnham, Jeremiah Day, Wallace Dudley
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is prevalent, complex and most effectively treated by a multidisciplinary team, particularly if psychosocial issues are dominant. The limited access to and high costs of such services are often prohibitive for the rural patient. We describe the development and 18-month outcomes of a small multidisciplinary chronic pain management program run out of a physician's office in rural Alberta. METHODS: The multidisciplinary team consisted of a family physician, physiatrist, psychologist, physical therapist, kinesiologist, nurse and dietician...
2010: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18516329/the-palmaris-longus-muscle-its-anatomic-variations-and-functional-morphology
#17
Mangala M Pai, Latha V Prabhu, S R Nayak, S Madhyastha, Rajanigandha Vadgaonkar, A Krishnamurthy, A Kumar
The functional morphology and evolution of the superficial forearm flexor, the palmaris longus, have long fascinated kinesiologists, physical anthropologists and anatomists alike. The anomalies, agenesis, variations and polymorphic presentation of the muscle, coupled with its biomechanical role in the performance of flexion and supination through distal articulations in the upper limb, have formed the base for many studies found in medical literature. We present data from published sources, along with our observations on the kinetics of palmaris longus, drawn from a series of dissections done on 30 cadavers...
2008: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18243945/building-research-capacity-amongst-kinesiologists-results-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Lesley Wye, Ken Digby
UNLABELLED: The aim of this initial evaluation was to explore the feasibility of ways to introduce research activities to kinesiologists. METHODS: After training, six practitioners participated in an audit. They recorded symptom data on new patients attending in November 2005 with follow-up by 28 February 2006. Five therapists were subsequently interviewed about their experiences. RESULTS: Strategies enhancing therapist participation included targeting and recruiting potential audit enthusiasts amongst the therapist population, using personalized approaches to recruit, train and support therapists, keeping the audit small by working in-depth with a limited number of kinesiologists and helping therapists to "own" the process...
February 2008: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17696568/impact-of-weight-loss-medications-on-the-cardiovascular-system-focus-on-current-and-future-anti-obesity-drugs
#19
REVIEW
Benoit Drolet, Chantale Simard, Paul Poirier
Overweight and obesity have been rising dramatically worldwide and are associated with numerous co-morbidities such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, certain cancers, and sleep apnea. In fact, obesity is an independent risk factor for CVD and CVD risks have also been documented in obese children. The majority of overweight and obese patients who achieve a significant short-term weight loss do not maintain their lower bodyweight in the long term. This may be due to a lack of intensive counseling and support from a facilitating environment including dedicated healthcare professionals such as nutritionists, kinesiologists, and behavior specialists...
2007: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16690385/electromyogram-and-force-patterns-in-variably-timed-manual-muscle-testing-of-the-middle-deltoid-muscle
#20
Katharine Conable, John Corneal, Terry Hambrick, Nelson Marquina, John Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare force curves and surface electromyogram from examiners and subjects during manual muscle testing with 3 examiner-identified variants of manual muscle testing (MMT)-examiner-started (ESMMT), patient-started (PSMMT), and undifferentiated/near-simultaneous (NSMMT). METHODS: Forty-two volunteer applied kinesiologist doctors tested 36 volunteer students, doctors, and spouses at a professional conference. Start-time difference between examiner and subject muscle contraction, peak force, time of peak force and duration of force was measured...
May 2006: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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